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Encyclopedia > Asalouyeh

Asalouyeh (Persian: عسلویه) also transcribed Assalouyeh and Assaluyeh, and sometimes prefixed by bandar, meaning port) is a town in southern Iran, in Bushehr Province. Located on the shore of the Persian Gulf some 270 km SW of the provincial capital of Bushehr, it is best known as the site for the land based facilities of the huge PSEEZ (Pars Special Energy Economic Zone) project. The town itself is of minor significance, although it is common practice to refer to PSEEZ (established 1998) and Asaluyeh town collectively as Asaluyeh. Asaluyeh is located at: (27°30′N, 52°36′E). “Farsi” redirects here. ... Bushehr is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Bushehr or Bushire (بوشهر), pop. ... Asalouyeh (Persian: عسلویه) also transcribed Assalouyeh and Assaluyeh, and sometimes prefixed by bandar, meaning port) is a town in southern Iran, in Bushehr Province. ...

Location of Asalouyeh in Iran

Asalouyeh was chosen as the site of the PSEEZ facilities due to it being the closest land point to possibly the largest natural gas field in the world, the South Pars Gas Field. In addition, an existing airport and direct access to international waters via a deep water port were already present. [1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Natural gas rig Oil and natural gas are produced by the same geological process: anaerobic decay of organic matter deep under the Earths surface. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...



Pars Special Energy Economic Zone

The PSEEZ (Pars Special Energy Economic Zone) as it is known has been allocated 100 square kilometres of land at Asaluyeh for the various complexes and facilities. The site is a collection of different plants and refineries (known as "phases") and is administered by the PSEEZ agency onsite. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A refinery is a building and/or the equipment used for refining or processing specific products. ...

A total of 27 phases are envisaged (12 gas, 15 petrochemical), plus a mix of light and heavy industry, and associated support facilities such as factories and warehouses. The scale of the project is huge. So far only 18 phases are have either been opened for tender, are under construction or completed. Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ...

As of August 2005, US$20 billion dollars of foreign money had been invested in PSEEZ since 1997.

PSEEZ is a workers town - tourism is non-existent. Currently there are no hotels in Asalouyeh, although plans exist to construct a hotel between the airport and the Industrial area. Once completed, the Sadaf International Hotel will consist of 400 rooms in three buildings, on 1 square kilometre of land.

According to Iran's oil ministry, sales of products from PSEEZ could be as much as $11 billion dollars per year, over 30 years.

A water treatment plant is now also operational, producing 5000 cubic metres of fresh water per day.

Asalouyeh Town

Asalouyeh town is surrounded by PSEEZ, but is still geographically separate and a few minutes drive from the nearest PSEEZ facility. Before the arrival of PSEEZ, the primary industry was fishing, albeit a very small one. Asalouyeh was a sleepy coastal hamlet, on a narrow strip of land between the Persian Gulf and the Zagros Mountains. Poverty existed in the small town, and it remains to be seen how the Asalouyeh town will be affected by the massive influx of workers and related construction at PSEEZ, as it grows around the town. To date it does not appear that Asalouyeh town is undergoing any development as a result. PSEEZ is run by the oil ministry, and has no responsibilities towards Asalouyeh town. Map of the Persian Gulf. ... The Zagros Mountains (Kurdish: زنجیره‌ چیاکانی زاگروس), make up Irans and Iraqs largest mountain range. ...

Asalouyeh has a main street and a couple of dozen small shops. In 2006 part of the town's seafront was given a promenade with some landscaping and decoration.


The PSEEZ is one of the busiest ongoing construction sites in the world. At any one time up to 60,000 workers are onsite, mostly employed in construction of further gas and petrochemical refineries.


Construction of a new airport began in 2003. The new Persian Gulf International Airport (IATA code: YEH) opened to traffic in July 2006, replacing the original temporary airport‎. The ‎volume of construction works for facilities such as runways and aircraft parking area, ‎fence, and patrol roads and access routes to the airport's boulevard, construction of ‎terminals with Jetways to handle ‎‏750,000‏‎ passengers per year. Control tower and ‎technical buildings as well as supporting buildings such as fire station, meteorology ‎section and so on have been started.‎ Airport characteristics are the runway with length of ‎‏4000‏‎ meters asphalt paved, width of ‎‏45‏‎ meters with two ‎‏7.5‏m shoulders along the runway. Aircraft parking area is ‎‏330‏‎ × ‎‏150‏‎ ‎Sqm concrete paved. Airport area and peripheral buildings will be constructed on ‎‏18‏‎ ‎hectares of land. ‎ It should be noted that Iranian specialists are undertaking execution works for this airport ‎and installation of the airport"s navigation and lighting systems will be performed by ‎foreign companies. ‎ The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...

Pars-Port Complex

  • Logistic Port:‎

Logistic port covers ‎‏150‏‎ hectares: The western breakwater is ‎‏2300‏‎ meters long and the ‎eastern breakwater is ‎‏1000‏‎ meters long. The port basin is ‎‏100‏‎ hectares with capacity to ‎accept ships of up to ‎‏80,000‏‎ tons deadweight. The nominal capacity of this port is ‎‏10‏‎ ‎million tons per year including ‎‏1‏‎ million tons of granulated sulphur, ‎‏3‏‎ million of ‎container products and ‎‏6‏‎ million tons of refinery machinery and parts.‎ This port will have at least ‎‏10‏‎ berths that can simultaneously accommodate ‎‏10‏‎ ships and ‎especially for exporting of sulphur, containers loading / unloading as heavy cargo. Water ‎drought along the berths is at least ‎‏11‏‎ meters and at most ‎‏15‏‎ meters and the jetty in this ‎port is ‎‏2600‏‎ meters long.‎ At present, ‎‏5‏‎ berths are operational. It should be noted that all of the equipment needed ‎by refineries and petrochemical industries were unloaded in this very port and installed ‎on sites. ‎

  • Petrochemical Port: ‎

The petrochemical port with ‎‏15‏‎ berths and draught of ‎‏15‏‎ meters can accommodate ships ‎of capacity ‎‏80,000‏‎ tons deadweight that especially carry gas and petrochemical products. ‎The nominal capacity of this port is ‎‏30‏‎ million tons per year and it is predicted that ‎‏26‏‎ ‎million tons of petrochemical products in liquid from will be exported through this port.‎ In accordance with the operations time schedule for the Zone"s petrochemical projects, ‎execution operations on this port will be completed in three phases; phase ‎‏1‏‎ will be ‎completed by ‎‏2005‏‎ and the project"s completion date will be year ‎‏2006‏‎.‎

Plants and Refineries

Any visitor to Asaluyeh will immediately notice the series of Gas and Petrochemical complexes running along the coast, one the largest collection of such facilities in the world. The various plants and complexes currently run for some 12 km, and more are being constructed.

A series of gas flares which line the facility are immediately obvious, including one enormous flare in particular, with flames of almost 100 m in height. This flare is visible far out to sea. A gas flare at an oil refinery. ...

  • Phase 1 was a US$770 million dollar development operated by Petropars to produce gas for domestic consumption in Iran, and produces 1 billion cubic feet of gas per day and 40,000 barrels per day of gas condensate.
  • Phases 2 and 3 was a $2 billion dollar development, built by a consortium of Total, Petronas and Gazprom to produce gas for domestic consumption in Iran. It came online in March 2002. It is connected to two offshore unmanned platforms 105 km distant, by 2 x 32 inch pipes. It produces 2 billion cubic feet (57,000,000 m³) of gas per day, and 85,000 barrels (14,000 m³) per day of gas condensates.
  • Phases 4 and 5 being built by Eni and Petropars, to produce gas for domestic consumption in Iran. Expected to be completed in 2006, it will be operated by Eni on behalf of Petropars.
  • Phases 6 to 8 being built by Petropars to produce lean gas for re-injection into the Aghajari oilfield, and heavy gas and condensate for export. With a total cost of $2.65 billion, it involves construction of three offshore platforms in addition to the land based facilities. Statoil is developing the offshore platforms while Petropars is developing the land based facilities. A 31 inch pipe will be laid from each platform to the coast.
  • Phases 9 and 10 will, when developed, produce natural gas for export. LG of Korea were awarded the contract to develop these phases, cost is estimated to be $1.6 billion dollars.
  • Phases 11 and 12 will produce LNG, the development contract currently being bidded on by TotalFinaElf and ENI.
  • Phase 13 development will be for LNG production and is being bidded for by Shell and could be producing by 2008.
  • Phase 14 development will be for a Gas to liquid plant, with Statoil and Shell reportedly interested. This could be completed by 2008.
  • Phases 15 and 16 development was awarded to a consortium of companies headed by Aker Kværner of Norway. These phases will produce 2 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas for domestic consumption plus 1 million tons per year of LPG for export. Cost of these two phases will be $2 billion dollars.
  • Phases 17 and 18 development was assigned to a consortium of Oil Industrial Engineering and Construction Company (OIEC), Iran Offshore Engineering and Construction (IOEC) and Petropars. These phases will produce 2 billion cubic feet (57,000,000 m³) per day of natural gas and 70,000 barrels per day of condensates.

Natural Gas Condensate (usually just condensate) is a by-product of natural gas. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... Total S.A. (Euronext: FP, NYSE: TOT) is a French oil company headquartered in Paris, France. ... Petronas, short for Petroliam Nasional Berhad, is a Malaysian owned oil and gas company that was founded on August 17, 1974. ... Gazprom (LSE: OGZD; Russian: , sometimes transcribed as Gasprom) is the largest Russian company and the biggest extractor of natural gas in the world. ... Ente nazionale idrocarburi http://fr. ... A Statoil petrol station sign in Estonia Statoil (OSE: STL, NYSE: STO) is a Norwegian petroleum company established in 1972. ... This article is about the fossil fuel. ... LG can refer to a number of things: LG Group, a South Korean electronics and petrochemicals conglomerate. ... This article is about the Korean peninsula and civilization. ... Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been cooled until it becomes liquid, and it is stored in tanks. ... Total SA is a French oil company. ... Ente nazionale idrocarburi http://fr. ... Royal Dutch Shell plc is a multinational oil company of British and Dutch origins. ... Gas to liquid or GTL is a refinery process to convert natural gas or other gaseous hydro-carbons into longer-chain hydro-carbons. ... A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organisations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal. ... Aker Kværner (OSE: AKVER) is a Norwegian multinational provider of services related to engineering, construction, maintenance, modification and operation of both large and small industrial facilities. ... 45 kg LPG cylinders Spherical Gas Container typically found in Refineries. ...

Free Trade Zone

The PSEEZ is a free trade zone. Goods can be brought in duty free, but cannot leave the PSEEZ and enter the rest of Iran. This is to encourage construction within and development of the PSEEZ. A free trade zone (FTZ) or Export processing zone (EPZ) is one or more areas of a country where tariffs and quotas are eliminated and bureaucratic requirements are lowered in hopes of attracting new business and foreign investments. ...

A visa is required to enter Iran for most nationalities, and is therefore needed to visit the PSEEZ. The only exception to the visa requirement is if you visit Kish Island, which allows visitors to enter visa-free. Entry visa valid in Schengen treaty countries. ... Kish (Persian: کیش) is an Iranian island and city in the Persian Gulf, and is part of the Hormozgan province. ...

South Pars Gas Field

Main article: South Pars / North Dome Gas-Condensate field

The field is located in the Persian Gulf. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

The field is the biggest gas field in the world, shared between Iran and Qatar, which contains 1900 Tcf ( 53.8 Tcm ) gas in place and 56 Billion barrels of condensate in place in both parts.

The South Pars Field is the name of northern part, which is located in Iranian waters and the North Dome is the name of southern part, which is located in Qatari waters. South Pars Field was discovered in 1990 by NIOC.

Production started from the southern extension of the field, the North Dome in 1989, at daily gas production rate of 800mmscf/d.

Gas production started from South Pars field by commissioning the development phase 2 in December 2002 to produce 1bscf/d of wet gas.

The field consists of two independent gas-bearing formations, Kangan and Upper Dalan. Each formation is divided into two different reservoir layers, separated by impermeable barriers. Therefore, the field consists of four independent reservoir layers K1, K2, K3, and K4.

Iranian sections contains 500 Tcf ( 14 Tcm ) of gas in place and around 325 Tcf ( 9.2 Tcm ) of recoverable gas.

Downstream Industries

Due to the availability of Petrochemicals and their by-products, 10 square kilometres at PSEEZ has been allocated for related industries, such as: [2]

Private companies are also constructing a business park and warehouses. Resin is a hydrocarbon secretion formed in special resin canals of many plants, from many of which (for example, coniferous trees) it is exuded in soft drops from wounds, hardening into solid masses in the air. ... An adhesive is a compound that adheres or bonds two items together. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The term plastics covers a range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic condensation or polymerization products that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or fibers. ... Synthetic fibres are the result of extensive research by scientists to increase and improve upon the supply of naturally occurring animal and plant fibres that have been used in making cloth and rope. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Oil painting is done on surfaces with pigment ground into a medium of oil - especially in early modern Europe, linseed oil. ... Fertilizers are chemicals given to plants with the intention of promoting growth; they are usually applied either via the soil or by foliar spraying. ... A polymer is a long, repeating chain of atoms, formed through the linkage of many molecules called monomers. ... For information on the U.S. borough, see Paint, Pennsylvania. ... the plane is spreading pesticide. ... A detergent is a compound, or a mixture of compounds, intended to assist cleaning. ... An industrial park is an area of land set aside for industrial development. ... Inside Green Logistics Co. ...

Internet access and telephony facilities are also available via a Tehran based Internet Service Provider, Pars Online. No other ISP's are present at PSEEZ. For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... “ISP” redirects here. ... Pars Online is an Iranian Internet Service Provider, based in Tehran, Iran. ...

Water supply project

• Construction of two water desalination plants each with a capacity of ‎‏10,000‏‎ ‎cubic per day started in March 2005 the project was finished 10 months ahead of its contractual 16 months estimate,making it a landmark in project execution in the region ‎ • Construction of two concrete water tankers with capacity of ‎‏30,000‏‎ and ‎‏5,000‏‎ ‎cubic meters • Creation of a network for transferring water distribution network in different ‎sites • establishment of a temporary water distribution and a tanker fleet to distribute 12,500 cubic meters of daily produced water in the area,this was done mostly to fill the gap between network distribution and desalination plant startup dates • Procurement of water supply through Moharram project (Kowsar Dam) in the ‎mid-term

The sport annex buildings and premises

Pars Special Economic Energy Zone sport annex has been designed on a ‎‏19‏‎ hectares site. ‎This site will function as a sports park, which foreseen spaces in this park are: ‎ • Multi-purpose indoor sports in ‎‏3500‏‎ m‎‏2‏‎ with capacity of ‎‏1200‏‎ spectators ‎ • A standard lawn football ground for competitions to accommodate ‎‏5,000‏‎ ‎spectators ‎ • Outdoors sports grounds, volleyball, basketball, tennis, roller skating, and table ‎tennis • Indoor swimming pool in ‎‏2000‏‎ m‎‏2‏ • Indoors bowling hall in ‎‏1000‏‎ m‎‏2‏ • Bicycle routes throughout the site • Buffet and coffee shop

Green space and environment

In view of the Zone"s policy on environmental protection and alleviation of industrial ‎pollutions, first steps have been taken in from of ‎‏1000‏‎ hectares of urban green space ‎and ‎‏3000‏‎ hectares allocated to forestation and expansion of the mangrove trees in the ‎tidal area of the sea. In this way, in the outlook of the project, ‎‏10%‏‎ of the total ‎industrial site and ‎‏28%‏‎ of the entire Zone will be transformed into green space which ‎one of the measures towards this development is the establishment of plant nurseries ‎to nurture trees that are compatible with the particular climatic conditions of the ‎region.‎

Foreign Involvement

Individual gas and petrochemical plants at Asoluyeh, when constructed, usually involve a partnership with a foreign company.

Due to the embargo in place against Iran by the United States, it is mostly European and Asian companies becoming involved. For delayed access after publication, see Embargo (academic publishing). ...

These include:

However, the US company Halliburton and American Allied International Corporation, have contracts for and business dealing with South Pars via subsidiaries.[1] Ente nazionale idrocarburi http://fr. ... Gazprom (LSE: OGZD; Russian: , sometimes transcribed as Gasprom) is the largest Russian company and the biggest extractor of natural gas in the world. ... Linde AG is an international company with three principle activity areas: industrial gases, plant engineering, and materials handling, headquartered in Wiesbaden, Germany. ... LG can refer to a number of things: LG Group, a South Korean electronics and petrochemicals conglomerate. ... Petronas, short for Petroliam Nasional Berhad, is a Malaysian owned oil and gas company that was founded on August 17, 1974. ... A Statoil petrol station sign in Estonia Statoil (OSE: STL, NYSE: STO) is a Norwegian petroleum company established in 1972. ... Technip is a French engineering company, headquartered in La Défense, Paris. ... Total S.A. (Euronext: FP, NYSE: TOT) is a French oil company headquartered in Paris, France. ... Toyo Engineering Corporation (TEC) is an Engineering, Procurement and Construction company serving mainly the Hydrocarbons and Petrochemical sectors worldwide. ... Halliburton Energy Services (NYSE: HAL) is a multinational corporation with operations in over 120 countries. ...

Plans for LNG refining and export have been discussed - but it remains to be seen how this will be accomplished, as most LNG refining technology is US based and therefore subject to export control due to US sanctions. Iran (Persia) and the United States have had political relations ever since the Shah of Persia, Nassereddin Shah Qajar, officially dispatched Persias first ambassador to Washington D.C. in the late 1800s. ...

See also

The Iranian constitution prohibits the granting of petroleum rights on a concessionary basis or direct equity stake. ... Irans oil and gas in place reserves are 137 bn barrels (10% of worlds total) and 41. ... The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), under the direction of the Ministry of Petroleum of Iran, is an oil and natural gas producer and distributor headquartered in Tehran. ... The National Iranian Petrochemical Company (NIPC), a subsidiary to the Iranian Petroleum Ministry, is owned by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Asalouyeh Airport is an airport in Asalouyeh, Iran (IATA: YEH, ICAO: OIBI). ... The North Field is the largest non-associated gas field in the world, shared by Qatar and Iran. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The economy of Iran has been improving steadily over the past two decades but a continuing strong labour force growth unmatched by commensurate real economic growth is driving up unemployment to a level considerably higher than the official estimate of 11%. According to experts, annual economic growth above five per... Countries where natural gas fields are located This list of natural gas fields includes major fields of the past and present. ...


  1. ^ Location assaluyeh.com
  2. ^ Cite error 8; No text given.
  3. ^ Iran: Hyundai in Asalouyeh Gas Plant Contract

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