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Encyclopedia > Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind
Flag of the Provisional Government of Free India.
Flag of the Provisional Government of Free India.

Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind (Urdu: عارضی حکومت‌ِ آزاد ھند, meant the Provisional Government of Free India), a state set up by Indian nationalists in areas of British India occupied by Imperial Japan during the Second World War. It was established by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose on October 21, 1943 in Singapore, having all the requisites of a Government. It had the backing of the Indian National Army. The regular government had its own currency, court and civil code. Image File history File links The flag of India used in 1931. ... Image File history File links The flag of India used in 1931. ... Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family which developed under Persian, Turkish, and Arabic influence in the South Asia during the time of the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... British India (otherwise known as The British Raj) was a historical period during which most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, were under the colonial authority of the British Empire (Undivided India). ... Flag of Japan adopted 1870, official 1999 Japanese Naval Ensign adopted 1889, re-adopted 1954 The Empire of Japan (大日本帝国; Dai Nippon Teikoku) was the official title of Japan before the end of World War II. The names Imperial Japan and Japanese Empire are also used. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Netaji poster in Thiruvananthapuram Subhas Chandra Bose (January 23, 1897 - August 18, 1945) also known as Netaji, was a Orissa born and Bengal based Indian leader of the movement to win independence from British rule. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Indian National Army or Azad Hind Fauj was an auxiliary force to the Imperial Japanese Army in its southern mainland campaign during the Second World War. ...


It survived till the retreat of Japan following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Citizens of Hiroshima walk by the A-Bomb Dome, the closest building to have survived the citys atomic bombing. ... Citizens of Hiroshima walk by the A-Bomb Dome, the closest building to have survived the citys atomic bombing. ...

Contents


Recognition

It had diplomatic relations with nine countries: Nazi Germany, the Empire of Japan, Fascist Italy, the Independent State of Croatia, the Reformed Government of the Republic of China, Siam, Burma, Manchukuo and the Philippines. On the declaration of its formation in Singapore, President Eamon de Valera of the Irish Free State sent a note of congratulations to Bose. This government had participated as a delegate or observer in the now defunct Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. Image:Azad hind.jpg Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Flag of Imperial Japan The Empire of Japan (: 大日本帝國; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国; pronounced Dai Nippon Teikoku) commonly refers to Japan from the Meiji Restoration until the end of World War II. Politically, it covers the period from the enforced establishment of prefectures in place of feudal domains (廃藩置県; Hai-han Chi-ken) in July... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... During World War II, in April 1941, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... Manchukuo (1932 to 1945) (Simplified: 满洲国; Traditional: 滿洲國; Hanyu Pinyin: ) was a former country in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia under the leadership of the Emperor Pu Yi, who had also been the last emperor of Qing Dynasty. ... Eamon de Valera (born Edward George de Valera, sometimes Gaelicised Éamon de Bhailéara; October 14, 1882 – August 29, 1975), was an Irish politician, best known as a leader of Irelands struggle for independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the early 20th Century, and... The Irish Free State (Irish: Saorstát Éireann) was (1922–1937) the name of the state comprising the 26 of Irelands 32 counties which were separated from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland under the Irish Free State Agreement (or Anglo-Irish Treaty) signed by British and... The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (大東亜共栄圏 dai-tōa-kyōeiken) was an attempt by Japan to create a bloc of Asian nations free of influence from Western nations. ... Image File history File links Azad_hind. ...


Ministers

It had a Cabinet headed by Netaji as the Head of the State, The Prime Minister and the Minister for War and Foreign Affairs.


Captain Doctor Lakshmi Swaminathan (later married as Lakshmi Sehgal) was the Minister in charge of Women's Organization. She held this portfolio over and above her command of the Rani Jhansi Regiment of a Brigade's strength. In a regular army, the women's army unit was the first of its kind in Asia. Dr. Lakshmi was one of the most popular and prosperous gynecologists in Singapore. She gave up her fabulous practice to be in uniform and to undergo all the hardships a combatant has to go through in a war. Captain Doctor Lakshmi Sehgal, an India doctor and politician. ...

A stamp released by the Azad Hind government
A stamp released by the Azad Hind government

The other ministers were: Image File history File links The stamp was created during second world war. ... Image File history File links The stamp was created during second world war. ...


Mr. S. A. Ayer held the portfolio of Broadcasting and Publicity ; Lt. Col. A. C. Chatterji was Finance Minister ;


The Armed Forces were represented by Lieut. Col. Aziz Ahmed, Lieut Col. N. S . Bhagat, Lt. Col. J. K. Bhonsle, Lt. Colonel Guizara Singh, Lt. Col. M.Z. Kiani, Lt. Col. A. D. Loganathan Lt. Col. Ehsan Qadir, Lt. Col. Shahnawaz Khan,


Mr. A.N. Sahay was Secretary with ministerial rank


Messrs Karim Ghani, Debnath Das, D.M. Khan, A. Yellapa, J. Thivy and Sirdar Isher Singh were Advisors and Mr. A. N. Sarkar was the Legal Advisor ( all with ministerial rank ).

Mr. Rash Behari Bose, the founder and till then President of the Indian Independence League, vacated the Presidentship of the Indian Independence League and all its offices to make room for the younger leader Bose to come and to take over. On Netaji's request to him to be the Supreme Advisor, the senior Bose accepted the post with grace. Image File history File links Azadhindpostage. ... Rashbehari Bose (1885-1945) was a revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India and was one of the organisers of the Indian National Army. ...


General Loganathan, was Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which having been annexed to the Provisional Government had been renamed "Shaheed" and "Swaraj" respectively. Again he had to act as the G.O.C. Burma Command after Netaji's departure from Rangoon. With the I.N.A. Contingent about 6,000 strong he manned the Burmese Capital in the absence of any other Police force or troops during the period between the departure of the Japanese and the arrival of the British. And he was successful in maintaining law and order to the extent that there was not a single case of dacoity or of loot during the period-24th April to 4th May 1945. Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a union territory of India. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... Self rule is the term used to described a people or group being able to exercise all of the necessary functions of power without intervention from any authority which they cannot themselves alter. ... Dacoity is a term used in the Indian subcontinent for armed robbery. ...


Indian areas under its administration

Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a union territory of India. ... Kohima is a small hill town which serves as the capital of Indias north eastern border state of Nagaland. ... Imphal is the capital of Manipur, India. ...

External link

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Omnipelagos.com ~ article "Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind" (3821 words)
Azad Hind was recognized as a legitimate and independent successor state to British rule in India by only a small number of countries, limited almost solely to Axis powers and their affiliate states and puppet regimes.
Azad Hind's military forces in the form of the INA saw some successes against the British, and moved with the Japanese army to lay siege to the town of Imphal in eastern India.
The stories of the Azad Hind movement and its army, that came into public limelight during the trials of soldiers of the INA in 1945 were seen as so inflammatory that, fearing mass revolts and uprisings- not just in India, but across its empire, the British Government forbade the BBC from broadcasting their story.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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