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Encyclopedia > Arzawa

Arzawa is a region or kingdom in what was later to be known as Lydia in Western Anatolia. It was the western neighbour and sometimes vassal of the Hittites, and probably bordered on the Assuwa league to the north. The language spoken in Arzawa during the Bronze Age and early Iron Age was Luwian, a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family. Its capital was Apasa (or Abasa), according to Hittite sources, which may correspond to the later Lydian capital Ephesus. Lydia (Greek ) is a historic region of western Anatolia, congruent with Turkeys modern provinces of İzmir and Manisa. ... This article is about two nested areas of Turkey, a plateau region within a peninsula. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people from Kaneš who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite... The Assuwa league was a confederation of states in western Anatolia, defeated by the Hittites under Tudhaliya IV around 1250 BC. The league had been formed to oppose the failing Hittite empire. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Luwian (sometimes spelled Luvian) is part of the Anatolian branch of the Indo European language family and has been preserved in three forms: (1) Cuneiform Luwian, (2) Hieroglyphic-Luwian and (3), the somewhat later Lycian. ... The Anatolian languages are a group of extinct Indo-European languages, which were spoken in Asia Minor, the best attested of them being the Hittite language. ... For other uses, see Indo-European. ... For the town in the southern United States, see Ephesus, Georgia. ...


The height of the kingdom was in the 15th and 14th century BC. The Hittites were weakened and Arzawa was an ally of Egypt, as recorded in the Amarna letters. The Hittite kings Suppiluliuma I and Mursili II, however, finally managed to defeat Arzawa, which was split into vassal kingdoms called Mira, Seha and Hanballa. Independent "Neo-Hittite" states re-emerged in the region after the collapse of the Hittite Empire from the 12th century. EA 161, letter by Aziru, leader of Amurru, (stating his case to pharaoh), one of the Amarna letters in cuneiform writing on a clay tablet. ... Suppiluliuma I (Shuppiluliuma) was king of the Hittites (ca. ... Mursili II was a king of the Hittite Empire (New kingdom) from ca. ... The Neo-Assyrian Empire in the 9th to 7th centuries BC The so-called Neo-Hittite or post-Hittite states were Luwian-speaking political entities of Iron Age Syria that arose after the collapse of the Hittite Empire around 1180 BC and lasted until roughly 700 BC, the time of...

Contents

Kings of Arzawa in the 14th century

  • Kupanta-Kurunta
  • Madduwatta of Zippasla (conquered Arzawa, may or may not have been king of Arzawa)
  • Tarhuntaradu
  • Anzapahhadu
  • Uhhazidi or Uhha-Ziti - defeated by Mursili II around 1320 BCE

Kupanta-Kurunta was the first recorded king of Arzawa, in the late 15th century BC. He was defeated by an earlier Tudhaliya and his son, the future Arnuwanda I. He then attacked Arnuwandas restive vassal Madduwatta at Zippasla. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Uhha-Ziti was the last independent king of Arzawa, a Bronze Age kingdom of western Anatolia. ... Mursili II was a king of the Hittite Empire (New kingdom) from ca. ...

External links

  • Arzawa, to the west, throws light on Hittites
  • Catalog of Hittite Texts
  • Introduction to The Sunken Kingdom
  • Arzawa
  • Map. Troy.

See also

History of the Hittites Hittites is the conventional English-language term for an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language and established a kingdom centered in Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite Empire was at its height, encompassing central Anatolia...


References

  • Melchert, H. Craig (Ed.) (2003). The Luwians. Leiden: Brill

Lukka Scene from southern Anatolia The History of Anatolia covers the civilizations, and states established in and around the Anatolia, a peninsula of Western Asia. ... The Lukka lands are often mentioned in Hittite texts from the second millennium BC. It denotes a region in the southwestern part of Asia Minor, modern Turkey. ...


Luwi Distribution of the Luwian language (after Melchert 2003) Luwian hieroglyphic inscription from the city of Carchemish. ...


Hayasa-Azzi Hayasa-Azzi or Azzi-Hayasa was a confederation formed between the Kingdoms of Hayasa located South of Trabzon and Azzi, located North of the Euphrates and to the South of Hayasa. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Arzawa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (232 words)
Arzawa is a region or kingdom in what was later to be known as Lydia in Western Anatolia.
It was the western neighbour and sometimes vassal of the Hittites, and probably bordered on the Assuwa league to the north.
The language spoken in Arzawa during the Bronze Age and early Iron Age was Luwian, a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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