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Encyclopedia > Arvicolinae
Arvicolines
Fossil range: Late Miocene - Recent

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Superfamily: Muroidea
Family: Cricetidae
Subfamily: Arvicolinae
Gray, 1821
Genera

see text The Miocene Epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23. ... meadow vole from http://www. ... Binomial name Microtus pennsylvanicus (Ord, 1815) The Meadow Vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), sometimes called the Field Mouse or Meadow Mouse, is a small North American vole found across Canada, Alaska and the northern United States. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... Families see text Muroidea is a large superfamily of rodents. ... Subfamilies Arvicolinae Cricetinae Neotominae Sigmodontinae Tylomyinae Valid name: Muridae Illiger, 1815 [1] Cricetidae is a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea. ... John Edward Gray. ... For other uses of the word, please see Genus (disambiguation). ...

Arvicolinae is a subfamily of rodents that includes the voles, lemmings, and muskrats. Its closest relatives are members of the other subfamilies in the Cricetidae, the hamsters and New World rats and mice. Sometimes the subfamily Arvicolinae is placed in the family Muridae along with all other members of the superfamily Muroidea. It is also sometimes referred to as Microtinae or is recognized as a family, Arvicolidae. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... Genera Microtus Myodes Phenacomys Lagurus Arvicola A vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter hairy tail, a slightly rounder head, and smaller ears and eyes. ... Genera Dicrostonyx Lemmus Synaptomys Myopus  * Incomplete listing: see vole Lemmings are small rodents, usually found in or near the Arctic, in tundra biomes. ... Binomial name Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) Muskrat range (native range in red, introduced range in green) I Muskrat lodge, middle Patuxent River marsh, Maryland The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of... Subfamilies Arvicolinae Cricetinae Neotominae Sigmodontinae Tylomyinae Valid name: Muridae Illiger, 1815 [1] Cricetidae is a family of rodents in the large and complex superfamily Muroidea. ... Genera Mesocricetus Phodopus Cricetus Cricetulus Allocricetulus Cansumys Tscherskia Hamsters are rodents belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae. ... Subfamilies Neotominae Sigmodontinae Tylomyinae The New World rats and mice are a group of related rodents found in North and South America. ... Subfamilies Deomyinae Gerbillinae Lophiomyinae Leimacomyinae Murinae Muridae is the largest family of mammals. ... Families see text Muroidea is a large superfamily of rodents. ... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ...

Contents

Description

The arvicolines are most easily identified based on their molar teeth, which show prismatic cusps consisting of alternating triangles. These molars are ever-growing and are well adapted to a herbivorous lifestyle. Molars are the rearmost and most complicated kind of tooth in most mammals. ... A deer and two fawns feeding on some foliage A herbivore is often defined as any organism that eats only plants[1]. By that definition, many fungi, some bacteria, many animals, about 1% of flowering plants and some protists can be considered herbivores. ...


Arvicolines are Holarctic in distribution and represent one of the only major muroid radiations to reach the New World via Beringia. The other are the three subfamilies of New World rats and mice. Arvicolines do very well in the subnuvial zone beneath the winter snowpack and persist throughout winter without needing to hibernate. They are also characterized by extreme fluctuations in population size. The Holarctic is a term used by zoologists to define the ecozone covering much of Eurasia and North America, which have often been connected by the Bering land bridge. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... The Bering land bridge, also known as Beringia, was a land bridge roughly 1600 km (1000 miles) north to south at its greatest extent, which joined present-day Alaska and eastern Siberia at various times during the ice ages. ... Subfamilies Neotominae Sigmodontinae Tylomyinae The New World rats and mice are a group of related rodents found in North and South America. ...


Most arvicolines are small, furry, short tailed voles or lemmings, but some such as Ellobius and Hyperacrius are well adapted to a fossorial lifestyle. Others, such as Ondatra, Neofiber, and Arvicola have evolved a larger body size and associated with an aquatic lifestyle. Genera Microtus Myodes Phenacomys Lagurus Arvicola A vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter hairy tail, a slightly rounder head, and smaller ears and eyes. ... Genera Dicrostonyx Lemmus Synaptomys Myopus  * Incomplete listing: see vole Lemmings are small rodents, usually found in or near the Arctic, in tundra biomes. ... Ellobius is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Hyperacrius is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... A fossorial is an organism that is adapted to digging and life underground such as the mole salamanders Ambystomatidae. ... Binomial name Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of Europe. ... Neofiber is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species Arvicola sapidus Arvicola terrestris [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The water voles are large voles in the genus Arvicola. ... Animal environments are classified as either aquatic (water), terrestrial (land), or amphibious (water and land). ...


Some authorities have placed the zokors within the Arvicolinae, but they have been shown to be unrelated. Genera see text Zokors are Asiatic burrowing rodents resembling mole rats. ...


The subfamily Arvicolinae contains seven tribes, 26 genera, and 143 species.


Classification

Skull of a Bank Vole. Note the distinctive molar pattern characteristic of arvicolines.
Skull of a Bank Vole. Note the distinctive molar pattern characteristic of arvicolines.
  • Subfamily Arvicolinae - voles, lemmings, muskrats
    • Tribe Arvicolini
      • Genus Arvicola - Water vole
      • Genus Blanfordimys
      • Genus Chionomys
      • Genus Lasiopodomys
      • Genus Lemmiscus - sagebrush vole
      • Genus Microtus - voles
      • Genus Neodon
      • Genus Phaiomys
      • Genus Proedromys - Duke of Bedford's vole
      • Genus Volemys
    • Tribe Dicrostonychini - collared lemmings
      • Genus Dicrostonyx - collared lemmings
    • Tribe Ellobiusini - mole voles
      • Genus Ellobius - mole voles
    • Tribe Lagurini
      • Genus Eolagurus - yellow steppe lemming
      • Genus Lagurus - steppe vole
    • Tribe Lemmini - true lemmings
    • Tribe Myodini
    • Tribe Neofibrini
      • Genus Neofiber - round-tailed muskrat
    • Tribe Ondatrini - muskrat
    • Tribe Pliomyini
    • Tribe Prometheomyini - Prometheus mouse
      • Genus Prometheomys - Prometheus mouse
    • incertae sedis

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 722 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1400 × 1162 pixel, file size: 132 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Schädel einer Rötelmaus aus mehreren Perspektiven, präpariert Anfang der 1990er und fotografiert im Dezember 2004 von Soebe Titel: Rötelmausschädel (Myodes glareolus... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 722 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1400 × 1162 pixel, file size: 132 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Schädel einer Rötelmaus aus mehreren Perspektiven, präpariert Anfang der 1990er und fotografiert im Dezember 2004 von Soebe Titel: Rötelmausschädel (Myodes glareolus... Binomial name Clethrionomys glareolus Schreber, 1780 The bank vole Clethrionomys glareolus is a small vole with red-brown fur and some grey patches. ... Genera Microtus Myodes Phenacomys Lagurus Arvicola A vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter hairy tail, a slightly rounder head, and smaller ears and eyes. ... Genera Dicrostonyx Lemmus Synaptomys Myopus  * Incomplete listing: see vole Lemmings are small rodents, usually found in or near the Arctic, in tundra biomes. ... Binomial name Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) Muskrat range (native range in red, introduced range in green) I Muskrat lodge, middle Patuxent River marsh, Maryland The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species Arvicola sapidus Arvicola terrestris [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The water voles are large voles in the genus Arvicola. ... Blanfordimys is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Chionomys is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Lasiopodomys is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Binomial name Lemmiscus curtatus (Cope, 1868) The Sagebrush Vole (Lemmiscus curtatus) is a tiny vole found in western North America. ... Species See text The genus Microtus is a group of voles found in North America and northern Europe and Asia. ... Proedromys is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Volemys is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Dicrostonyx is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Ellobius is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Eolagurus is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Binomial name L. lagurus (Pallara, 1773) The Steppe Lemming, or Lagurus lagurus, is a light grey, small, plump rodent that is like a lemming, but is not in the genus Lemmus, unlike the Norway Lemming (Lemmus lemmus) It is 87 to 140 mm long and 25 to 35g. ... Genera Dicrostonyx Lemmus Synaptomys Myopus  * Incomplete listing: see vole Lemmings are small rodents, usually found in or near the Arctic, in tundra biomes. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Myopus is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Species See text The genus Synaptomys is a group of North American lemmings. ... Species Alticola albicaudus Alticola argentatus Alticola barakshin Alticola lemminus Alticola macrotis Alticola montosa Alticola olchonensis Alticola roylei Alticola semicanus Alticola stoliczkanus Alticola strelzowi Alticola tuvinicus Alticola is a genus of rodent in the Cricetidae family. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Eothenomys is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Geographic East Asia. ... Hyperacrius is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Species See text The genus Myodes is a group of small slender voles found in North America, Europe and Asia. ... Neofiber is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1766) Muskrat range (native range in red, introduced range in green) Muskrat Tucker hole, middle Patuxent River marsh, Maryland The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of Europe. ... Binomial name Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of Europe. ... Binomial name (Martino, 1922) Subspecies The Balkan Snow Vole, Dinaromys bogdanovi, also known as Martinos Snow Vole is the only member of the genus Dinaromys. ... Binomial name (Martino, 1922) Subspecies The Balkan Snow Vole, Dinaromys bogdanovi, also known as Martinos Snow Vole is the only member of the genus Dinaromys. ... Mt Orjen at the Bay of Kotor is the heaviest karstified range of the dinarids View of the central part of the Dinaric Alps (north=down) Valbona pass, northern Albania. ... Prometheomys is a genus of rodent in the Muridae family. ... Incertae sedis—of uncertain position (seat)—is a term used to define a taxonomic group where its broader relationships are unknown or undefined. ... Species Arborimus albipes Arborimus longicaudus Arborimus pomo The genus Arborimus is a group of voles found in western North America. ... Species See text The genus Phenacomys is a group of North American voles. ...

See also

Genera Microtus Myodes Phenacomys Lagurus Arvicola A vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter hairy tail, a slightly rounder head, and smaller ears and eyes. ... Genera Dicrostonyx Lemmus Synaptomys Myopus  * Incomplete listing: see vole Lemmings are small rodents, usually found in or near the Arctic, in tundra biomes. ... Binomial name Ondatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) Muskrat range (native range in red, introduced range in green) I Muskrat lodge, middle Patuxent River marsh, Maryland The Muskrat or Musquash (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra, is a large aquatic rodent native to North America, and introduced in parts of...

References

  • McKenna, M. C. and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. Pp. 894-1531 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Steppan, S. J., R. A. Adkins, and J. Anderson. 2004. Phylogeny and divergence date estimates of rapid radiations in muroid rodents based on multiple nuclear genes. Systematic Biology, 53:533-553.

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Concept mining. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: phylon = tribe, race and genetikos = relative to birth, from genesis = birth) is the study of evolutionary relatedness among various groups of organisms (e. ... Families see text Muroidea is a large superfamily of rodents. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... This stylistic schematic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). ...

External links

Wikispecies has information related to:
Arvicolinae

  Results from FactBites:
 
Arvicolinae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (282 words)
Arvicolinae is a subfamily of rodents that includes the voles, lemmings, and muskrats.
Sometimes the subfamily Arvicolinae is placed in the family Muridae along with all other members of the superfamily Muroidea.
Some authorities have placed the zokors within the Arvicolinae, but they have been shown to be unrelated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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