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Encyclopedia > Arts and Crafts
Small wooden sculpture depicting a Native American mother holding her child. Garden of the Gods Trading Post, Colorado Springs, Colorado (October 2006).
Small wooden sculpture depicting a Native American mother holding her child. Garden of the Gods Trading Post, Colorado Springs, Colorado (October 2006).
For the design movement, see Arts and Crafts movement, for the record label, see Arts & Crafts (record label). For other uses, see Arts & Crafts

Arts and crafts comprise a whole host of activities and hobbies that are related to making things with one's own hands and skill. These can be sub-divided into handicrafts or "traditional crafts" (doing things the old way) and "the rest". Some crafts have been practised for centuries, while others are modern inventions, or popularisations of crafts which were originally practised in a very small geographic area. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 778 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (784 × 604 pixel, file size: 151 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Small wooden sculpture depicting a Native American mother holding her child. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 778 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (784 × 604 pixel, file size: 151 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Small wooden sculpture depicting a Native American mother holding her child. ... A view of Garden of the Gods showing some of its unusual hogback formations. ... Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ... Logo for the Arts & Crafts label Arts & Crafts is a Toronto, Ontario based independent record label. ... Logo for the Arts & Crafts label Arts & Crafts is a Toronto, Ontario based independent record label. ... A handicraft shop in Delhi, India Handicraft, also known as craftwork or simply craft, is a type of work where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools. ...


Additionally, this term refers to the Arts and Crafts movement, which was a social revolution veiled in a design movement of the late 19th and early 20th century, whose proponents included William Morris and Edwin Lutyens. They believed that medieval craftsmen achieved a joy and fulfillment in the excellence of their work, which they strove to emulate. Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ... This page is about William Morris, the writer, designer and socialist. ... Edwin Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was a leading 20th century British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. ...


These activities are called crafts because originally many of them were professions under the guild system. Adolescents were apprenticed to a master-craftsman, and they refined their skills over a period of years in exchange for low wages. By the time their training was complete, they were well-equipped to set up in trade for themselves, earning their living with the skill that could be traded directly within the community, often for goods and services. The Industrial Revolution and the increasing mechanisation of production processes gradually reduced or eliminated many of the roles professional craftspeople played, and today 'crafts' are most commonly seen as a form of hobby or art. craft is a word created bt elliot and dan who are the craft lords many people say craft but dont no what it means craft is a skill. ... A guild is an association of craftspeople in a particular trade. ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... A hobby is a spare-time recreational pursuit. ...


Most crafts require a combination of skill, speed, and patience, but they can also be learnt on a more basic level by virtually anyone. Many community centres and schools run evening or day classes and workshops offering to teach basic craft skills in a short period of time. Many of these crafts become extremely popular for brief periods of time (a few months, or a few years), spreading rapidly among the crafting population as everyone emulates the first examples, then their popularity wanes until a later resurgence. Community centres are public locations where members of a community may gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes. ...


The term craft also refers to the products of artistic production or creation that require a high degree of tacit knowledge, are highly technical, require specialized equipment and/or facilities to produce, involve manual labour or a blue-collar work ethic, are accessible to the general public and are constructed from materials with histories that exceed the boundaries of western art history, such as ceramics, glass, textiles, metal and wood. These products are produced within a specific community of practice and while they differ from the products produced within the communities of art and design, the boundaries of such often overlap resulting in hybrid objects. Additionally, as the interpretation and validation of art is frequently a matter of context, an audience may perceive crafted objects as art objects when these objects are viewed within an art context, such as in a museum or in a position of prominence in one’s home. Manual labour (or manual labor) is physical work done with the hands, especially in an unskilled job such as fruit and vegetable picking, road building, or any other field where the work may be considered physically arduous, and which has as a profitable objective, usually the production of goods. ... A blue-collar worker is a working class employee who performs manual or technical labor, such as in a factory or in technical maintenance trades, in contrast to a white-collar worker, who does non-manual work generally at a desk. ... Fixed Partial Denture, or Bridge The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos). ... This article is about the material. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... The concept of a community of practice (often abbreviated as CoP) refers to the process of social learning that occurs when people who have a common interest in some subject or problem collaborate over an extended period to share ideas, find solutions, and build innovations. ...


The term can also refer to the useful rural crafts of the agricultural countryside. Craftmanship refers to Plato's idea of specialization, in which the lower society has a specific job in the greater society so that it functions properly as a whole. Rural crafts refers to the traditional crafts production that is carried on, simply for everyday practical use, in the agricultural countryside. ...

Contents

Types of arts/crafts

  • There are almost as many variations on the theme of "arts and crafts" as there are crafters with time on their hands, but they can be broken down into a number of categories:

Crafts involving textiles

  • Banner-making

Banner-making is the ancient art or craft of sewing banners. ... Modern canvas work done in wool using petit point stitch Canvas work is embroidery on canvas. ... A sample cross-stitch of a Welsh dresser Cross-stitch is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches are used to form a picture. ... Detail of a crocheted doily, Sweden Crochet (IPA: krəʊʃeɪ) is a process of creating fabric from yarn or thread using a crochet hook. ... An example of curve stitching, creating an isometric cube which actually doesnt have any curve lines String art usually refers to an arrangement of string that forms abstract geometric patterns or patterns that resemble an object, such as a ships sails, sometimes with other artist material comprising the... Gold Embroidery Cross-stitch embroidery, Hungary, mid-20th century Phulkari from Punjab region, India 15th century embroidered cope, Ghent, Belgium Embroidery, c. ... For the record label, see Knitting Factory. ... Lace appliqué and bow at the bust-line of a nightgown. ... Lucet is a method of cordmaking or braiding which is believed to date back to the Viking era. ... Categories: Needlework | Stub ... Millinery is womens hats and other articles sold by a milliner, or the profession or business of designing, making, or selling hats for women. ... Needlepoint is a form of canvas work created on a mesh canvas. ... Example of patchwork Patchwork or pieced work is a form of needlework that involves sewing together pieces of fabric into a larger design. ... Quilting is a sewing method done either by hand, sewing machine or Longarm quilting system. ... We dont have an article called Ribbon embroidery Start this article Search for Ribbon embroidery in. ... Rug-making is an ancient craft, and covers a variety of techniques. ... “Sewn” redirects here. ... Shoemaking is a traditional handicraft profession, which has now been largely superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear. ... A hand-turned spinning wheel in action Cones of yarn for industrial use Z-twist and S-twist yarns Spinning is the process of creating yarn (or thread, rope, cable) from various raw fiber materials. ... Scrapbooking is a method for preserving a legacy of written history in the form of photographs, printed media, and memorabilia contained in decorated albums, or scrapbooks. ... An example of curve stitching, creating an isometric cube which actually doesnt have any curve lines String art usually refers to an arrangement of string that forms abstract geometric patterns or patterns that resemble an object, such as a ships sails, sometimes with other artist material comprising the... This article is about tapestry the textile. ... Pine Pattern Collar in Tatting Tatting is a technique for handcrafting a particularly durable lace constructed by a series of knots and loops. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... T-Shirt A T-shirt (or tee shirt) is a shirt with short or long sleeves, a round neck, put on over the head, without pockets. ...

Crafts involving wood, metal or clay

Turned chess pieces Metalworking is the craft and practice of working with metals to create structures or machine parts. ... Jewelry (the American spelling; spelled jewellery in Commonwealth English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... “Sculptor” redirects here. ... Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures. ... Cabinet making is the practice of utilizing many woodworking skills to create cabinets, shelving and furniture. ... Chip carving is a form of wood carving. ... The image on the cover of this box was made using the technique of marquetry. ... Wood burning is an art and craft, a particular type of pyrography or pokerwork. ... This article is about a lathe as a tool. ... Polymer clay is a sculptable material based on the polymer polyvinyl chloride. ...

Crafts involving paper or canvas

Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book from a number of separate sheets of paper or other material. ... Contemporary Western Calligraphy. ... Cardmaking is the craft of handmaking greeting cards. ... Card models, also sometimes called paper models, are models of real-world objects made usually of heavy paper or card stock as a hobby, or sometimes as a craft for children. ... For other uses, see Collage (disambiguation). ... Decoupage technique incorporates newsprint into this cubist painting by Juan Gris. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about paper folding. ... “Pepakura” redirects here. ... Papier-mâché around a form such as a balloon to create a pig. ... Quilling is the art of creating decorative designs from thin strips of curled paper. ... Scrapbooking is a method for preserving a legacy of written history in the form of photographs, printed media, and memorabilia contained in decorated albums, or scrapbooks. ... Stamping may refer to more than one thing: The craft of applying ink or dyes to a product with a Rubber stamp. ...

Crafts involving plants

Four styles of household basket. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... Corn dollies are a form of straw work associated with harvest customs. ... Pressed flower craft consists of drying flower petals and leaves in a flower press to flatten and exclude light and moisture. ... Straw marquetry is a craft very similar to that of wood marquetry except that straw replaces the wood veneer. ...

Other crafts

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Balloon modelling. ... Beadwork is the art or craft of attaching beads to one another or to cloth using a needle and thread. ... A doll is a model of a human (often a baby), a humanoid (like Bert and Ernie), an animal or a fictional character (like a Troll or a Smurf), usually made of cloth or plastic. ... Living Room of Dollhouse. ... Ukrainian Easter eggs Egg decorating is the easter special. ... Christ Preaching, known as The Hundred Guilder print; etching c1648 by Rembrandt Etching is the process of using strong acid to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio in the metal (the original process - in modern manufacturing other chemicals may be used... Sculpting hot blown glass. ... A lapidary (the word means concerned with stones) is an artisan who practices the craft of working, forming and finishing stone, mineral, gemstones, and other suitably durable materials (amber, shell, jet, pearl, copal, coral, horn and bone, glass and other synthetics) into functional and/or decorative, even wearable, items (e. ... This article is about a decorative art. ... A decorative camp gateway Pioneering: The art of manipulating rope to do a task. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Arts & Crafts Society-Home of Todays Arts and Crafts Movement (329 words)
The Arts and Crafts Movement was as much about progressive social change as design and individual lifestyle.
One of the most important influences to the Arts and Crafts Movement was William Morris.
Hand-carved art tiles and vessels made in the spirit and philosophy of the Arts and Crafts Movement.
FamilyFun: Arts and Crafts (Craft Ideas) - and More Family Fun (2000 words)
Art Projects for the Classroom - Free art projects for the classroom - great kids crafts and crafts for families to do together.
Search All Crafts - Search Craft Finder to find hundreds of arts and crafts projects like kid crafts, holiday crafts, classroom crafts plus fun craft ideas for parents and kids to do together.
Back to School Art Projects - Crafts, activities, homemade school supplies: Get your kids excited about school and learning with fun art projects, homemade school supplies, lively learning activities, and ideas for keeping after-school boredom at bay with these great crafts and activities for back to school.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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