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Encyclopedia > Artificial island
Before Mexico City, Tenochtitlan was an artificial island of 250,000 inhabitants (Dr. Atl)
Before Mexico City, Tenochtitlan was an artificial island of 250,000 inhabitants (Dr. Atl)
Dejima, not allowed direct contact with nearby Nagasaki
Dejima, not allowed direct contact with nearby Nagasaki
Our Lady of the Rocks (Gospa od Škrpjela) in Montenegro

An artificial island is an island that has been constructed by humans rather than formed by natural means. They are created by expanding existing islets, construction on existing reefs, or amalgamating several natural islets into a bigger island. Map of Tenochtitlan, Mural painting from the National Museum of Mexico City. ... Map of Tenochtitlan, Mural painting from the National Museum of Mexico City. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Tenochtitlan, looking east. ... Plan of Tenochtitlán by Dr. Atl Gerald Murillo (a Mexican painter who signed his work Dr. Atl) was born on October 3, 1875, in Guadalajara, Jalisco. ... View on Dejima in Nagasaki Bay Downloaded from : [[1]] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... View on Dejima in Nagasaki Bay Downloaded from : [[1]] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... For the sumo wrester Dejima see Dejima Takeharu, see Dejima (disambiguation). ... Megane-bashi (Spectacles Bridge) Nagasaki   listen? (長崎市; -shi, literally long peninsula) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture located at the south-western coast of Kyushu, Japan. ... Crkva Gospa od Å krpjela (Church of Our Lady of the Rocks) Our Lady of the Rocks (Serbian/Croatian: Gospa od Å krpjela) is one of the two islets off the coast of Perast in Bay of Kotor, Montenegro(Other being Sveti ĐorÄ‘e Island). ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... For other uses, see Reef (disambiguation). ...


Early artificial islands can be floating structures in still waters, or wooden or megalithic structures erected in shallow waters (e.g., crannógs and Nan Madol discussed below). In modern times artificial islands are usually formed by land reclamation, but some are formed by the incidental isolation of an existing piece of land during canal construction (e.g. Donauinsel and Dithmarschen), or flooding of valleys resulting in the tops of former knolls getting isolated by water (e.g. Barro Colorado Island). Floating islands are a common natural phenomenon that are found in many parts of the world. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Megalithic tomb, Mane Braz, Brittany Bronze age wedge tomb in the Burren area of Ireland For the record label, see Megalith Records. ... Reconstructed crannóg on Loch Tay A crannóg (pronounced /krəˈno:g/ or /ˈkrÉ‘no:g/ or /ˈkranag/) is an ancient artificial island or natural island in Scotland and Ireland, used for a settlement. ... Nan Madol Nan Madol, consisting of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals, is often called the Venice of the Pacific. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... The Donauinsel (Danube Island), an island of about 20 km in the river Danube, is known to most visitors to Vienna, Austria as a recreational mecca with bars, restaurants and nightclubs, a wealth of sports opportunities from rollerblading, cycling and swimming to canoeing and a beach that looks and feels... Dithmarschen (IPA: ) is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... Barro Colorado Island is an island located in the Lake Gatún portion of the Panama Canal. ...


Some recent developments have been made more in the manner of oil platforms (e.g., Sealand and Republic of Rose Island). Offshore platform in the Gulf of Mexico An oil platform or oil rig is a large structure used to house workers and machinery needed to drill and/or produce oil and natural gas through wells in the ocean bed. ... The Principality of Sealand is a micronation located on HM Fort Roughs, a former World War II Maunsell Sea Fort in the North Sea 10 km (six miles) off the coast of Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. ... A stamp issued by Rose Island and overprinted in black with Esperanto text stating Italian (military) occupation. Rose Island (Esperanto: Insulo de la Rozoj) was a short-lived micronation located on a man-made platform in the Adriatic Sea, seven miles off the coast of Rimini, Italy. ...


Artificial islands may vary widely in scale, from small islets reclaimed solely for supporting a single pillar of a building or structure, to those which support entire communities.[citation needed]

Contents

History

Despite a popular image of modernity, artificial islands actually have a long history in many parts of the world, dating back to the crannogs of prehistoric Scotland and Ireland, the ceremonial centers of Nan Madol in Micronesia and the still extant floating islands of Lake Titicaca. --Rickey Barnes[[Man-made islands were thought to be lame and bogus. They also smell like urine. Thank-you very much.]] The city of Tenochtitlan, the Aztec predecessor of Mexico City that was home to 250,000 people when the Spaniards arrived, stood on a small natural island in Lake Texcoco that was surrounded by countless artificial chinamitl islands. A crannog is the name given in Scotland and Ireland to an artificial island or natural island, used for a settlement and usually linked to shore with a timber gangway or stone causeway. ... This article is about the country. ... Nan Madol Nan Madol, consisting of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals, is often called the Venice of the Pacific. ... Uros island Floating islands are a common natural phenomenon that are found in many parts of the world. ... Lake Titicaca sits 3,812 m (12,507 feet) above sea level making it the highest commercially navigable lake in the world. ... Tenochtitlan, looking east. ... For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Lake Texcoco is a lake in Mexico. ... Chinampas is an Aztec term referring to a method of ancient Mesoamerican agriculture through floating gardens—small, rectangle-shaped areas of fertile arable land used for agriculture in the Xochimilco region of the Basin of Mexico. ...


Many artificial islands have been built in urban harbors to provide either a site deliberately isolated from the city or just spare real estate otherwise unobtainable in a crowded metropolis. An example of the first case is Dejima (or Deshima), built in the bay of Nagasaki in Japan's Edo period as a contained center for European merchants. During the isolationist era, Dutch people were generally banned from Nagasaki and Japanese from Dejima. Similarly, Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay beside New York City, a former tiny islet greatly expanded by land reclamation, served as an isolated immigration center for the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century, preventing an escape to the city of those refused entry for disease or other perceived flaw, who might otherwise be tempted toward illegal immigration. One of the most well-known artificial islands is the Île Notre-Dame in Montreal, built for Expo 67. For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Harbor (disambiguation). ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... For the sumo wrester Dejima see Dejima Takeharu, see Dejima (disambiguation). ... Megane-bashi (Spectacles Bridge) Nagasaki   listen? (長崎市; -shi, literally long peninsula) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture located at the south-western coast of Kyushu, Japan. ... The Edo period ), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about economic exchange. ... Ellis Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor, was at one time the main entry facility for immigrants entering the United States from January 1, 1892 until November 12, 1954. ... Upper New York Bay, sometimes called Upper New York Harbor or the Upper Bay, is the northern area of New York Harbor inside the Narrows. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Illegal immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently, in violation of the law or without documents permitting an immigrant to settle in that country. ... ÃŽle Notre-Dame is an artificial island built from earth excavated for the Montreal metro in 1965. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or simply Expo 67 was the General Exhibition Category 1 Worlds Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. ...

Eighty-year-old sea wall pilings from the failed Isola di Lolando construction project in Miami Beach, Florida.
Eighty-year-old sea wall pilings from the failed Isola di Lolando construction project in Miami Beach, Florida.

The Venetian Islands in Miami Beach, Florida, in Biscayne Bay added valuable new real estate during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. When the bubble that the developers were riding burst, the bay was left scarred with the remnants of their failed project. A boom town development company was building a sea wall for an island that was to be called Isola di Lolando but could not stay in business after the 1926 Miami Hurricane and the Great Depression, dooming the island-building project. The concrete pilings from the project still stand as another development boom roars around them, 80 years later. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Concrete pilings from the Lolando Island sea wall. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... An arial view of the Biscayne Bay artificial islands during their construction in 1927. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... Biscayne Bay separates Miami on the mainland from Miami Beach on the barrier islands of the Atlantic Ocean coast of Florida. ... Arial photo of Miami dated 1927, with the newly-constructed Venetian Islands visible as well as the beginning of the doomed Isola di Lolando project. ... Concrete pilings from the Lolando Island sea wall. ... Lowest pressure 935 mbar (hPa; 27. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Modern projects

A view of Kansai International Airport from space
A view of Kansai International Airport from space

Some contemporary projects are much more ambitious. Kansai International Airport is the first airport to be built completely on an artificial island in 1994, followed by You smell like urine Chūbu Centrair International Airport in 2005 and the New Kitakyushu Airport and Kobe Airport in 2006. Image File history File links Kansai_closeup. ... Image File history File links Kansai_closeup. ... KIX redirects here. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3032x2008, 6313 KB) Summary Palm Island Resort, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is featured in this image photographed by Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao from the International Space Station. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3032x2008, 6313 KB) Summary Palm Island Resort, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is featured in this image photographed by Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao from the International Space Station. ... A sattelite image of the Palm Islands The Palm, Jumeirah is an artificial island off the coast of Dubai in the shape of a palm tree. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... KIX redirects here. ... ChÅ«bu Centrair International Airport ) (IATA: NGO, ICAO: RJGG) is an airport on an artificial island in Ise Bay, Tokoname City in Aichi Prefecture, south of Nagoya in central Japan. ... New KitakyÅ«shÅ« Airport ) (IATA: KKJ, ICAO: RJFR), has been built three kilometres offshore in the Suo Nada area of the Seto Inland Sea on an artificial island (4th in Japan) in the south of Kitakyushu, Japan. ... Kobe Airport ) (IATA: UKB, ICAO: RJBE) is an airport on an artificial island just off the coast of Kobe, Japan. ...


Dubai is home to some of the largest artificial island complexes in the world, including the three Palm Islands projects, The World and the Dubai Waterfront, the last of which will be the largest in scale. Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... The designs of the three palm islands. ... The World logo The World is a man-made archipelago of 300 islands in the shape of a world map currently being built off the coast of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Dubai Waterfront The Dubai Waterfront is proposed to become the largest waterfront and largest man-made development in the world. ...


The Israeli government is now planning for 4 artificial islands to be completed in 2013, off the coasts of Tel Aviv, Herzliya, Netanya and Haifa. Each island will house some 20,000 people and bring in 10,000 jobs. The islands should help with overcrowding in Israeli cities Crap is in the air and even be employed to do the same in Gaza.[citation needed] Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Ben-GÅ«ryōn Avenue in the centre of Herzliyyāh, facing north towards Sōkōlōv Street (1998) Herzliya (in Hebrew: הֶרְצְלִיָּה, without Niqqud: הרצלייה, commonly pronounced in Hebrew as Hertseliya) is a city in Israel, on the central coastal strip in the south of the Sharon region, just north... Early morning in Netanya, Israel Netanya (Hebrew: נְתַנְיָה, Standard Hebrew NÉ™tanya) is a city in the Center District of Israel and is the capital of the Sharon plain. ... Hebrew Arabic حَيْفَا Government City District Haifa Population 266,300 (city) 1,039,000 (metropolitan area) Jurisdiction 63,666 dunams (63. ... Cities in Israel, by district Northern District Afula עפולה Akko (Acre) עכו Bet Shean בית שאן Karmiel כרמיאל Maalot-Tarshiha מעלות-תרשיחא Migdal HaEmeq מגדל העמק Nahariyya נהריה Nazareth נצרת Nazerat Illit נצרת עילית Sakhnin סחנין Shefa-Amr (Shfaram) שפרעם Tiberias טבריה Zefat (Safed) צפת Qiryat Shemona... Not to be confused with the Spanish name Garza or the Egyptian town of Giza. ...


A proposal has also been presented in The Netherlands to create artificial islands, perhaps in the shape of a tulip, in the North Sea. [1] Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... [[Media:Example. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...


Political status

Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea treaty (UNCLOS), artificial islands have little legal recognition[2]. Such islands are not considered harbor works (Article 11) and are under the jurisdiction of the nearest coastal state if within 200 nautical miles (370 km) (Article 56). Artificial islands are not considered islands for purposes of having their own territorial waters or exclusive economic zones, and only the coastal state may authorize their construction (Article 60). However, on the high seas beyond national jurisdiction, any "state" may construct artificial islands (Article 87). United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature December 10, 1982 in Montego Bay (Jamaica) Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 149[2] For maritime law in general see Admiralty law. ... This article is about law in society. ...


Some attempts to create micronations have involved artificial islands such as Sealand and Republic of Rose Island. This article is about entities that are not officially recognised by world governments or major international organisations. ... The Principality of Sealand is a micronation located on HM Fort Roughs, a former World War II Maunsell Sea Fort in the North Sea 10 km (six miles) off the coast of Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. ... A stamp issued by Rose Island and overprinted in black with Esperanto text stating Italian (military) occupation. Rose Island (Esperanto: Insulo de la Rozoj) was a short-lived micronation located on a man-made platform in the Adriatic Sea, seven miles off the coast of Rimini, Italy. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Artificial islands

Main article: Artificial island Currently, man-made islands are an expensive but in some cases lucrative option for many cities having lack-of-land problems (such as Tokyos Odaiba and Fukuokas island city project. ... Reconstructed crannóg on Loch Tay A crannóg (pronounced /krəˈno:g/ or /ˈkrɑno:g/ or /ˈkranag/) is an ancient artificial island or natural island in Scotland and Ireland, used for a settlement. ...

References

  1. ^ Dutch plan to build a new island - International Herald Tribune
  2. ^ UNCLOS and Agreement on Part XI - Preamble and frame index

  Results from FactBites:
 
Artificial island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (389 words)
A less distinctive type of artificial island is formed by the incidental isolation of an existing piece of mainland by canal construction.
Despite a popular image of modernity, artificial islands actually have a long history in many parts of the world, dating back to the crannogs of prehistoric Scotland and Ireland, the ceremonial centers of Nan Madol in Micronesia and the still extant floating islands of Lake Titicaca.
Dubai is home to some of the largest artificial island complexes in the world, including the three Palm Islands projects, and The World, the later of which will be the largest in scale.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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