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Encyclopedia > Arthur Rimbaud
Arthur Rimbaud

Arthur Rimbaud at seventeen
Born October 20, 1854(1854-10-20)
Charleville, France
Died November 10, 1891 (aged 37)
Marseille, France
Occupation Poet
"Rimbaud" redirects here. For other uses see Rimbaud (disambiguation)

Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (IPA: ['ɹæmbəʊ]; French IPA: [aʁ'tyʁ ʁɛ̃'bo]) (October 20, 1854November 10, 1891) was a French poet, born in Charleville. His influence on modern literature, music and art has been pervasive. Image File history File links Arthur_Rimbaud_01. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Charleville-Mézières is a town and commune in northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Ardennes département which is itself part of the Champagne-Ardenne région. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Rimbaud can refer to: Arthur Rimbaud, 19th century poet and literary figure Penny Rimbaud, founder and drummer of the anarchist punk rock band Crass This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Charleville-Mézières is a town and commune in northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Ardennes département which is itself part of the Champagne-Ardenne région. ...

Contents

Early life and work

Arthur Rimbaud was born into the provincial middle class of Charleville (now part of Charleville-Mézières) in the Ardennes département in northeastern France. He was the second child of Captain Frédéric and Vitalie Rimbaud (née Cuif). It is evident through his writing that he never felt loved by his mother. As a boy he was a restless but brilliant student. By the age of fifteen he had won many prizes and composed original verses and dialogues in Latin. In 1870 his teacher Georges Izambard became Rimbaud's literary mentor and his original French verses began to improve rapidly. Charleville-Mézières is a town and commune in northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Ardennes département which is itself part of the Champagne-Ardenne région. ... Ardennes is a département in the northeast of France named after the Ardennes area. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... George Alphonse Fleury Izambard (December 11, 1848 – February, 1931) was a French professor, known especially as the teacher of poet Arthur Rimbaud. ...


He frequently ran away from home and may have briefly joined the Paris Commune of 1871, which he portrayed in his poem L'orgie parisienne (ou : Paris se repeuple), (The Parisian Orgy or, Paris Repopulates). He may have been raped by drunken Communard soldiers (as his poem Le cœur supplicié (The Tortured Heart) perhaps suggests). By this time he had become an anarchist, started drinking and amused himself by shocking the local bourgeoisie with his shabby dress and long hair. At the same time he wrote to Izambard and Paul Demeny about his method for attaining poetical transcendence or visionary power through a "long, intimidating, immense and rational derangement of all the senses" ("Les lettres du Voyant" ["The Letters of the Seer"]). Le Père Duchesne looking at the statue of Napoleon I on top of the Vendome column: Eh ben ! bougre de canaille, on va donc te foutre en bas comme ta crapule de neveu !… (Well now! buggering rascal, we will knock you the fuck off just like your crook of... The Communards were also an 80s Britpop group Communard is an archaic term that is a synonym of communist. With respect to the history of France, the Communards were the supporters/members of the short-lived Paris Commune formed in the disturbed period immediately after the Franco-Prussian War. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ...

He returned to Paris in late September 1871[1] at the invitation of the eminent Symbolist poet Paul Verlaine[2] (after Rimbaud had sent him a letter containing several samples of his work) and resided briefly in Verlaine's home. Verlaine, who was married, promptly fell in love with the sullen, blue-eyed, overgrown (5 ft 10 in), light-brown-haired adolescent. They became lovers and led a wild, vagabond-like life spiced by absinthe and hashish.[3] They scandalized the Parisian literary coterie on account of the outrageous behaviour of Rimbaud, the archetypical enfant terrible, who throughout this period continued to write strikingly visionary verse. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1686x4653, 1717 KB) Manuscrit des Assis, par Arthur Rimbaud Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Arthur Rimbaud ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1686x4653, 1717 KB) Manuscrit des Assis, par Arthur Rimbaud Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Arthur Rimbaud ... It has been suggested that List of visitor attractions in Paris be merged into this article or section. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Paul Verlaine illustrated in the frontispiece of , 1902 Paul Marie Verlaine (March 30, 1844 – January 8, 1896) is considered one of the greatest and most popular of French poets. ... A reservoir glass filled with a naturally colored verte next to an absinthe spoon. ... Confiscated hashish. ... Archetype is defined as the first original model of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are merely derivative, copied, patterned, or emulated. ... An enfant terrible, from the French meaning terrible child, is one whose startlingly unconventional behavior, work, or thought embarrasses or disturbs others. ... Narrowly, a visionary is one who experiences a supernatural vision or apparition. ...


Rimbaud's and Verlaine's stormy love affair took them to London in September 1872[4], Verlaine abandoning his wife and infant son (both of whom he had abused in his alcoholic rages). This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In July 1873, Rimbaud committed himself to journey to Paris with or without Verlaine. In a drunken rage, Verlaine shot at him, one of the two shots striking the 18-year-old in the left wrist[5] Rimbaud considered the wound superficial and at first did not have Verlaine charged. After this, Verlaine and his mother accompanied Rimbaud to a Brussels train station where Verlaine "behaved as if he were insane". This made Rimbaud "fear that he might give himself over to new excesses"[6], so he turned and ran away. In his words, "it was then I (Rimbaud) begged a police officer to arrest him (Verlaine)."[7] Verlaine was arrested and subjected to a humiliating medico-legal examination[8], including his intimate correspondence with his lover and the accusations of Verlaine's wife about the nature of their relationship. Rimbaud eventually withdrew the complaint, but the judge sentenced Verlaine to two years in prison[9]. 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ...


Rimbaud returned home to Charleville and completed his Une Saison en Enfer (A Season in Hell) in prose, widely regarded as one of the pioneering instances of modern Symbolist writing and a description of that "drôle de ménage" (domestic farce) life with Verlaine, his "pitoyable frère" ("pitiful brother") and "vierge folle" ("mad virgin") to whom he was "l'époux infernal" ("infernal groom"). In 1874 he returned to London with the poet Germain Nouveau[10] and put together his groundbreaking Illuminations, including the first-ever two French poems in free verse. French poet Arthur Rimbauds Une Saison en Enfer (A Season in Hell) dates itself April through August 1873, but these are dates of completion. ... La mort du fossoyeur (The death of the gravedigger) by Carlos Schwabe is a visual compendium of Symbolist motifs. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Germain Nouveau (1851-1920) was a French poet, associated with the symbolist movement. ... Arthur Rimbauds 1874 Illuminations include some autobiographical allusions to his voyant (visionary) period, which began in 1869; but Illuminations is neither a confession nor an apology. ... Free verse (also at times referred to as vers libre) is a term describing various styles of poetry that are not written using strict meter or rhyme, but that still are recognizable as poetry by virtue of complex patterns of one sort or another that readers will perceive to be...


Later life (1875-1891)

Rimbaud and Verlaine met for the last time in March 1875, in Stuttgart, Germany, after Verlaine's release from prison and his conversion to Catholicism[11]. By then Rimbaud had given up writing and decided on a steady, working life; some speculate he was fed up with his former wild living, while others suggest he sought to become rich and independent to afford living one day as a carefree poet and man of letters. He continued to travel extensively in Europe, mostly on foot. 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... , City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


In May 1876 he enlisted as a soldier in the Dutch Colonial Army[12] to travel free of charge to Java (Indonesia) where he promptly deserted, returning to France by ship[13] At the official residence of the mayor of Salatiga, a small city 46 km south of Semarang, capital of Central Java Province, there is a marble plaque stating that Rimbaud was once settled at the city. This article is about the Java island. ... Salatiga is a city in Central Java, Indonesia, located between the cities of Semarang and Surakarta. ... Semarang is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia. ...


In December 1878, Rimbaud arrived in Larnaca, Cyprus, where he worked for a construction company as a foreman at a stone quarry[14]. In May of the following year he had to leave Cyprus because of a fever, which on his return to France was diagnosed as typhoid fever. In 1880 Rimbaud finally settled in Aden as a main employee in the Bardey agency[15]. He had several native women as lovers and for a while he lived with an Ethiopian mistress. In 1884 he quit his job at Bardey's and became a merchant on his own in Harar, Ethiopia. District Larnaka  - Mayor Andreas Moyseos Population (2001)  - City 72,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: http://www. ... For a related disease which is caused by a different bacterium, see Paratyphoid fever. ... Port of Aden (around 1910). ... Harar (sometimes spelled Harrar, Hārer, or Harer) is an eastern city in Ethiopia, and the capital of the modern Harari ethno-political division (or kilil) of Ethiopia. ...


Rimbaud developed right knee synovitis and subsequently a carcinoma in his right knee and the state of his health forced him to leave for France on May 9, 1891[16]. Rimbaud was admitted to hospital in Marseille and his leg was amputated on May 27[17]. After a short stay at his family house he attempted to travel back to Africa, but on the way his medical condition deteriorated and he was readmitted to the same hospital in Marseille where his surgery had been carried out, and spent some time there in great pain, attended by his sister Isabelle. Rimbaud died in Marseille on November 10, 1891, at the age of 37, and his body was interred in the family vault at Charleville[18]. Synovitis is the medical term for inflammation of a synovial membrane, which line those joints which possess cavities. ... In medicine, carcinoma is any cancer that arises from epithelial cells. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M...


Works

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The poems of Arthur Rimbaud were written between approx. ... Le Bateau ivre (The Drunken Boat) is a verse-poem written by Arthur Rimbaud in 1871, which is considered to be revolutionary in its use of imagery and symbolism. ... // Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass, including Jabberwocky Edward Lear, Nonsense Songs, including The Owl and the Pussy-Cat Thomas Maitland (i. ... French poet Arthur Rimbauds Une Saison en Enfer (A Season in Hell) dates itself April through August 1873, but these are dates of completion. ... // William Morris, Love is Enough Arthur Rimbaud, Une Saison en Enfer (A Season in Hell) April 25 — Walter De la Mare (died 1956), English poet, short story writer, and novelist date not known: Gilbert E. Brooke (Singapore) George Clarke (Canada) George Cabot Lodge (died 1909) American poet Alexander L. Posey... Arthur Rimbauds 1874 Illuminations include some autobiographical allusions to his voyant (visionary) period, which began in 1869; but Illuminations is neither a confession nor an apology. ... // Arthur Rimbaud, Illuminations J. Thomson, The City of Dreadful Night, published in National Reformer, and later in 1880 January 16 — Robert William Service (died 1958) a Scots-Canadian poet who wrote The Shooting of Dan McGrew and The Cremation of Sam McGee February 3 — Gertrude Stein (died 1946), American writer...

English translations

Wikisource
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
  • From the Modern Library, The Poetry and Prose, translated by Wyatt Mason
  • From the Modern Library, The Letters, translated by Wyatt Mason
  • From New Directions, The Illuminations, translated by Louise Varèse
  • From New Directions. A Season in Hell and the Drunken Boat, translated by Louise Varèse

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Wyatt Mason (born 1969) is an American critic, translator and essayist. ... Wyatt Mason (born 1969) is an American critic, translator and essayist. ... Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer. ... Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer. ...

Citations

  1. ^ Robb 2000, p. 109
  2. ^ Robb 2000, p. 102
  3. ^ Bernard, Suzanne and Guyaux, André. Oeuvres de Rimbaud, Classiques Garnier, Bordas, 1991. ISBN 2-04-017399-4
  4. ^ Robb 2000, p. 184
  5. ^ Robb 2000, p. 220.
  6. ^ Harding & Sturrock 2004, p. 160
  7. ^ Harding & Sturrock 2004, p. 160
  8. ^ Robb 2000, p. 223-224
  9. ^ Robb 2000, p. 224
  10. ^ Robb 2000, p. 241
  11. ^ Robb 2000, p. 264
  12. ^ Robb 2000, p. 278
  13. ^ Robb 2000, p. 282-285.
  14. ^ Robb 2000, p. 299
  15. ^ Robb 2000, p. 313
  16. ^ Robb 2000, p. 422-424
  17. ^ Robb 2000, p. 426
  18. ^ Robb 2000, p. 440-441

References

  • Harding & Sturrock (2004), Arthur Rimbaud: Selected Poems and Letters, Penguin, ISBN 0-140-44802-0
  • Robb, Graham (2000), Rimbaud, Picador, ISBN 0-330-48803-1

Graham Robb (born 1958) is a British author. ...

Further reading

  • Œuvres complètes, correspondance, d'Arthur Rimbaud de Louis Forestier - Éd. Robert Laffont, collection Bouquins - 1998, 607 pages ;
  • Un ardennais nommé Rimbaud de Yann Hureaux - Éd. La Nuée Bleu / L'Ardennais - 217 pages ;
  • Arthur Rimbaud, de Jean-Luc Steinmetz - Éd. Tallandier - 486 pages ;
  • Rimbaud Ailleurs, photographies contemporaines et entretiens de Jean-Hugues Berrou, textes et documents anciens de Jean-Jacques Lefrère et Pierre Leroy, avec la collaboration de Maurice Culot - Éd. Fayard - 303 pages.
  • Arthur Rimbaud 'Déposition de Rimbaud devant le juge d'instruction (12 July 1873)'.
  • Félicien Champsaur, Dinah Samuel (1882), a roman à clé in which Rimbaud is said to be caricatured.

See also

Wikisource
French Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Rimbaud and modern culture - Arthur Rimbauds influence on modern literature, music and art has been strikingly pervasive. ... Walt Whitman and Bill Duckett. ... Epater la bourgeoisie or épater le bourgeois is a French phrase that became a rallying cry for the French Decadent poets of the late 19th century including Baudelaire and Rimbaud. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Arthur Rimbaud

A poète maudit (French: accursed poet) is a poet living a life outside or against society. ... The Parnassians were a group of 19th-century French poets, so called from their journal, the Parnasse contemporain, itself named after Mount Parnassus, home of the Muses in Greek mythology. ... Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. ... Max Ernst. ... Total Eclipse is a 1995 movie directed by Agnieszka Holland that depicts a fictionalized account of the passionate and violent homosexual relationship between the two 19th century French poets, Paul Verlaine (David Thewlis) and Arthur Rimbaud (Leonardo DiCaprio), a time when both of them experienced a height of creativity. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Arthur Rimbaud - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1178 words)
Rimbaud's and Verlaine's stormy homosexual relationship took them to London in 1872, when Verlaine left his wife and infant son (both of whom he used to treat badly in his alcoholic rages).
Rimbaud developed right knee synovitis which degenerated into a carcinoma, and the state of his health forced him to return to France on May 9, 1891, where his leg was amputated on May 27.
The Arthur Rimbaud Forum A virtual stage for artists, as well as a symposium for scholars, to express and advance innovative and unconventional ideas freely, — that they may inspire, and energize the eons that are incubating within one another.
Encyclopedia4U - Arthur Rimbaud - Encyclopedia Article (330 words)
Arthur Rimbaud was born into poverty in Charleville in the Marne departement of France.
Rimbaud ran away from home in 1870, and eventually arrived in Paris, where he was forced to live on the streets.
Rimbaud met the poet Paul Verlaine in 1871, and moved into his house where the pair embarked on a stormy relationship.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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