FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Arthur C. Clarke
Sir Arthur C. Clarke, CBE

Arthur C. Clarke at his home office in Colombo, Sri Lanka, 28 March 2005
Born 16 December 1917(1917-12-16)
Minehead, Somerset, United Kingdom
Died 19 March 2008 (aged 90)
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Pen name Charles Willis,[1]
E.G. O'Brien[1]
Occupation Author, Inventor
Nationality British and
Sri Lankan
Genres Hard Science Fiction, Popular Science
Subjects Science
Notable work(s) Childhood's End
2001: A Space Odyssey
The City and the Stars
The Songs of Distant Earth
Rendezvous with Rama
The Fountains of Paradise
Spouse(s) Marilyn Mayfield (1953-1964)

Sri Lankabhimanya Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (16 December 191719 March 2008), was a British science fiction author, inventor, and futurist, most famous for the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, written in collaboration with director Stanley Kubrick, a collaboration which led also to the film of the same name; and as a host and commentator in the British television series Mysterious World.[2][3] Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... “Ceylon” redirects here. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... , Minehead is a coastal town in West Somerset, England with a population of around 10,000. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... This article is about work. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Inventor (disambiguation). ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... Hard science fiction is a category of science fiction characterized by an emphasis on scientific or technical detail, or on scientific accuracy, or on both. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is not about the magazine, Popular Science Popular science is interpretation of science intended for a general audience, rather than for other scientists or students. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... This article is about a novel. ... A movie poster from the original release of 2001 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) is an immensely popular and influential science fiction film and book; the film directed by Stanley Kubrick and the book written by Arthur C. Clarke. ... The City and The Stars (1956) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke. ... Songs of Distant Earth is a 1986 soft science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, and an earlier science fiction short story by the same author. ... Rendezvous with Rama is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke first published in 1972. ... The Fountains of Paradise is a 1979 novel by Arthur C. Clarke. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... This article is about the French author. ... Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett, 18th Baron Dunsany (24 July 1878 – 25 October 1957) was an Anglo-Irish writer and dramatist, notable for his work in fantasy published under the name Lord Dunsany. ... William Olaf Stapledon (May 10, 1886 – September 6, 1950) was a British philosopher and author of several influential works of science fiction. ... Stephen Baxter (born in Liverpool, 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fiction author. ... Sri Lankabhimanya (The Pride of Sri Lanka) is the highest National Honour of Sri Lanka awarded by the President of Sri Lanka on behalf the Government of Sri Lanka. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Inventor (disambiguation). ... Future studies reflects on how today’s changes (or the lack thereof) become tomorrow’s reality. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... Arthur C. Clarkes Mysterious World was a popular thirteen part television series looking at unexplained phenomena from around the world. ...


Clarke served in the Royal Air Force as a radar instructor and technician from 1941-1946, proposed satellite communication systems in 1945[4][5] which won him the Franklin Institute Stuart Ballantine Gold Medal in 1963 and a nomination in 1994 for a Nobel Prize, and 1999 for literature [6], and became the chairman of the British Interplanetary Society from 1947-1950 and again in 1953.[7] Later, he helped fight for the preservation of lowland gorillas[8][9]. He won the UNESCO-Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science in 1961.[10] RAF redirects here. ... For other uses, see Radar (disambiguation). ... This article is about artificial satellites. ... Franklin Institute Front steps as seen from the adjacent Moore College This article is about the science museum in Philadelphia. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... The British Interplanetary Society (BIS) founded in 1933 by Mr. ... Species Gorilla gorilla Gorilla beringei The gorilla, the largest of the primates, is a ground-dwelling herbivore that inhabits the forests of central Africa. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for people recognized for their efforts in presenting scientific ideas to lay people. ...


Clarke was knighted in 1998.[11] He emigrated to Sri Lanka in 1956 largely to pursue his interest in scuba diving,[12] and lived there until his death. The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ...

Contents

Biography

Clarke was born in Minehead, Somerset, England.[13] As a boy he enjoyed stargazing and reading old American science fiction pulp magazines. After secondary school and studying at Huish's Grammar School, Taunton, he was unable to afford a university education and got a job as an auditor in the pensions section of the Board of Education.[14] , Minehead is a coastal town in West Somerset, England with a population of around 10,000. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ... This article is about inexpensive fiction magazines. ... The Richard Huish College is named after Richard Huish who originally established the college as a grammar school for boys in the 18th century. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Audit can refer to: Telecommunication audit Financial audit Performance audit Completion of a course of study for which no assessment is completed or grade awarded; especially audit is awarded to those who have elected not to receive a letter grade for a course in which letter grades typically awarded. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A board of education or a school board or school committee is the title of the board of directors of a school, local school district or higher administrative level. ...


During the Second World War he served in the Royal Air Force as a radar specialist and was involved in the early warning radar defence system, which contributed to the RAF's success during the Battle of Britain. Clarke spent most of his wartime service working on Ground Controlled Approach (GCA) radar as documented in the semi-autobiographical Glide Path, his only non-science-fiction novel. Although GCA did not see much practical use in the war, it proved vital to the Berlin Airlift of 1948–1949 after several years of development. Clarke initially served in the ranks, and was a Corporal instructor on radar at No 9 Radio School, RAF Yatesbury. He was commissioned as a Pilot Officer (Technical Branch) on 27 May 1943.[15] He was promoted Flying Officer on 27 November 1943.[16] He was appointed chief training instructor at RAF Honiley and was demobilised with the rank of Flight Lieutenant. After the war he earned a first-class degree in mathematics and physics at King's College London. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... RAF redirects here. ... For other uses, see Radar (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Second World War battle. ... In aviation a ground-controlled approach (GCA), is a type of service provided by air-traffic controllers whereby they guide aircraft to a safe landing in adverse weather conditions based on radar images. ... Glide Path is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke, published in 1963. ... The Soviet Union blocked Western rail and road access to West Berlin from June 24, 1948 - May 11, 1949. ... This article is about the military rank. ... Yatesbury is a village adjacent to Cherhill on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough in Wiltshire, England. ... A Pilot Officers sleeve/shoulder insignia Pilot Officer (Plt Off in the RAF; PLTOFF in the RAAF and RNZAF, P/O in the former RCAF) is the lowest substantive commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries, ranking only above Acting... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... RAF Honiley was a Royal Air Force station located in Wroxall, Warwickshire seven miles (11 km) southwest of Coventry, England. ... Demobilization is the process of standing down a nations armed forces from combat-ready status. ... A Flight Lieutenants sleeve/shoulder insignia Flight Lieutenant (abbreviated as Flt Lt and pronounced as flight lef-tenant, see Lieutenant) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries. ... A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... For other meanings of mathematics or uses of math and maths, see Mathematics (disambiguation) and Math (disambiguation). ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... For other uses, see Kings College. ...


In the postwar years, Clarke became the chairman of the British Interplanetary Society from 1947-1950 and again in 1953.[6][17] Although he was not the originator of the concept of geostationary satellites, one of his most important contributions may be his idea that they would be ideal telecommunications relays. He advanced this idea in a paper privately circulated among the core technical members of the BIS in 1945. The concept was published in Wireless World in October of that year.[18][19][20] Clarke also wrote a number of non-fiction books describing the technical details and societal implications of rocketry and space flight. The most notable of these may be The Exploration of Space (1951) and The Promise of Space (1968). In recognition of these contributions the geostationary orbit 36,000 kilometres (22,000 mi) above the equator is officially recognized by the International Astronomical Union as a "Clarke Orbit".[21] A geosynchronous satellite is a satellite whose orbital speed equals the Earths rotational speed. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Wireless World was the preeminent British magazine for radio and electronics enthusiasts. ... Geostationary orbit A geostationary orbit (GEO) is a geosynchronous orbit directly above the Earths equator (0° latitude), with orbital eccentricity of zero. ... IAU redirects here. ...


In 1953 Clarke met and quickly married Marilyn Mayfield, a 22-year-old American divorcee with a young son. They separated permanently after six months, although the divorce was not finalised until 1964.[22] "The marriage was incompatible from the beginning", says Clarke.[22] Clarke never remarried but was close to Leslie Ekanayake, who died in 1977. Journalists who inquired of Clarke whether he was gay were told, "No, merely mildly cheerful."[23] However, Michael Moorcock has written, "Everyone knew he was gay. In the 1950s I'd go out drinking with his boyfriend."[24] Look up Divorcee in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A journalist is a person who practices journalism. ... Michael John Moorcock (born December 18, 1939, in London, England) is a prolific English writer primarily of science fiction and fantasy who has also published a number of literary novels. ...


Writing career

While Clarke had a few stories published in fanzines, between 1937 and 1945, his first professional sales appeared in Astounding Science Fiction in 1946: "Loophole" was published in April, while "Rescue Party", his first sale, was published in May. Along with his writing Clarke briefly worked as Assistant Editor of Science Abstracts (1949) before devoting himself to writing full-time from 1951 onward. Clarke also contributed to the Dan Dare series published in Eagle, and his first three published novels were written for children. A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ... Astounding Stories was a seminal science fiction magazine founded in 1930. ... Rescue Party is a short story by Arthur C. Clarke published in Astounding Science Fiction in 1946. ... The first issue of Science Abstracts was published in January 1898. ... Dan Dare is a classic British science fiction comic hero, created by illustrator Frank Hampson for the Eagle comic story Dan Dare, Pilot of the Future in 1950 which was also carried in serial format several times a week on Radio Luxembourg. ...


Clarke corresponded with C. S. Lewis in the 1940s and 1950s and they once met in an Oxford pub, The Eastgate, to discuss science fiction and space travel. Clarke, after Lewis's death, voiced great praise for him, saying the Ransom Trilogy was one of the few works of science fiction that could be considered literature. Clive Staples Jack Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963), commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis, was an Irish author and scholar. ... The Space Trilogy or Ransom trilogy is a group of three science fiction novels by C. S. Lewis: Out of the Silent Planet (1938), set mostly on Mars Perelandra (1943), set mostly on Venus That Hideous Strength (1945), set on Earth. ...


In 1948 he wrote "The Sentinel" for a BBC competition. Though the story was rejected it changed the course of Clarke's career. Not only was it the basis for A Space Odyssey, but "The Sentinel" also introduced a more mystical and cosmic element to Clarke's work. Many of Clarke's later works feature a technologically advanced but prejudiced mankind being confronted by a superior alien intelligence. In the cases of The City and the Stars (and its original version, Against the Fall of Night), Childhood's End, and the 2001 series, this encounter produces a conceptual breakthrough that accelerates humanity into the next stage of its evolution. In Clarke's authorized biography, Neil McAleer writes that: "many readers and critics still consider [Childhood's End] Arthur C. Clarke's best novel."[22] For other works called The Sentinel, see Sentinel. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... The City and The Stars (1956) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke. ... This article is about a novel. ...


Clarke lived in Sri Lanka from 1956 until his death in 2008, having emigrated there when it was still called Ceylon, first in Unawatuna on the south coast, and then in Colombo.[23] Clarke held citizenship of both the UK and Sri Lanka.[25] He was an avid scuba diver and a member of the Underwater Explorers Club. Living in Sri Lanka afforded him the opportunity to visit the ocean year-round. It also inspired the locale for his novel The Fountains of Paradise in which he described a space elevator. This, he believed, ultimately will be his legacy, more so than geostationary satellites, once space elevators make space shuttles obsolete.[26] The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්රී ලංකා in Sinhala / இலங்கை in Tamil) (known as Ceylon before 1972) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent. ... UNAWATUNA Department of Coast Conservation which was hard pressed to impliment a costal resources management plan under Asian Development bank plan, did not spring into action on the aftermath of the Tsunami, and once again the beach front shacks are mushrooming, some even dumping 20 foot steel containers to house... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... may refer to: Scuba diving, the use of a self-contained breathing set to stay underwater for periods of time. ... Harold Penman was a Business man and founder of The Underwater Explorers Club. The Underwater Explorers Club collapsed when Harold Penman ran out of money and many members migrated to the BSAC. The late Trevor Hampton (British pioneer diver) had dealings with both The Underwater Explorers Club and BSAC [1... The Fountains of Paradise is a 1979 novel by Arthur C. Clarke. ... A space elevator would consist of a cable anchored to the Earths surface, reaching into space. ...


His many predictions culminated in 1958 when he began a series of essays in various magazines that eventually became Profiles of the Future published in book form in 1962. A timetable[27] up to the year 2100 describes inventions and ideas including such things as a "global library" for 2005.


Early in his career Clarke had a fascination with the paranormal and stated that it was part of the inspiration for his novel Childhood's End. He also said that he was one of several who were fooled by a Uri Geller demonstration at Birkbeck College. Although he eventually dismissed and distanced himself from nearly all pseudoscience he continued to advocate research into psychokinesis and similar phenomena. Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ... Uri Geller (‎, born Gellér György[1] December 20, 1946 in Tel Aviv, Israel) is an Israeli-British performer and celebrity famous for claiming to have psychic powers. ... Birkbeck, University of London, sometimes referred to by its former name Birkbeck College or by the abbreviation BBK, is a College of the University of London. ... A typical 18th century phrenology chart. ... The term psychokinesis (from the Greek ψυχή, psyche, meaning mind, soul, or breath; and κίνησις, kinesis, meaning motion; literally movement from the mind)[1][2] or PK, also known as telekinesis[3] (Greek + , literally distant-movement referring to telekinesis) or TK, denotes the paranormal ability of the mind to influence matter, time...


Last years

In the early 1970s Clarke signed a three-book publishing deal, a record for a science-fiction writer at the time. The first of the three was Rendezvous with Rama in 1973, which won him all the main genre awards and has spawned sequels that, along with the 2001 series, formed the backbone of his later career. Rendezvous with Rama is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke first published in 1972. ...


In 1975 Clarke's short story "The Star" was not included in a new high school English textbook in Sri Lanka because of concerns that it might offend Roman Catholics even though it had already been selected. The same textbook also caused controversy because it replaced Shakespeare's work with that of Bob Dylan, John Lennon and Isaac Asimov. The Star is a science fiction short story by Arthur C. Clarke that appeared in the science fiction magazine Infinity Science Fiction in 1955 and won the Hugo award in 1956. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), pronounced , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов [1], was a Russian-born American author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful writer, best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ...


In the 1980s Clarke became well known to many for his television programmes Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World, Arthur C. Clarke's World of Strange Powers and Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious Universe. Arthur C. Clarkes Mysterious World was a popular thirteen part television series looking at unexplained phenomena from around the world. ...


In 1986 he was named a Grand Master by the Science Fiction Writers of America.[28] The Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master Award is an award given by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. ... Science Fiction Writers of America, or SFWA, (SFWA is pronounced seff-wah) was founded in 1965 by Damon Knight and James Blish. ...


In 1988 he was diagnosed with post-polio syndrome, having originally contracted polio in 1959, and needed to use a wheelchair most of the time thereafter.[23] Sir Arthur C Clarke was for many years a Vice Patron of the British Polio Fellowship.[29] Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a condition that frequently affects survivors of poliomyelitis, a viral infection of the nervous system, after recovery from an initial paralytic attack of the virus. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ...


In the 1989 Queen's Birthday Honours Clarke was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) "for services to British cultural interests in Sri Lanka".[30] The same year he became the first Chancellor of the International Space University, serving from 1989 to 2004 and he also served as Chancellor of Moratuwa University in Sri Lanka from 1979 to 2002. The honours system of the United Kingdom is a means of rewarding personal bravery, achievement or service to the country. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand Cross... International Space University was founded in 1987 by Peter Diamandis, Todd B. Hawley, and Robert D. Richards. ... Moratuwa University is one of the leading technical Universities in Sri Lanka. ...


In 1994, Clarke appeared in a science fiction film; he portrayed himself in the telefilm Without Warning, an American production about an apocalyptic alien first contact scenario presented in the form of a faux newscast.


On 26 May 2000 he was made a Knight Bachelor "for services to literature" at a ceremony in Colombo.[31] The award of a knighthood had been announced in the 1998 New Year Honours,[32] but investiture with the award had been delayed, at Clarke's request, because of an accusation, by the British tabloid The Sunday Mirror, of paedophilia.[33] [34] The charge was subsequently found to be baseless by the Sri Lankan police.[35][36][37][38][39][40] According to The Daily Telegraph (London), the Mirror subsequently published an apology.[41] Clarke was then duly knighted. is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ... The Daily Mirror is a British tabloid daily newspaper. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ...


In September 2007, he provided a video greeting for NASA's Cassini probe's flyby of Iapetus (which plays an important role in 2001: A Space Odyssey).[42] For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... Cassini-Huygens is a joint NASA/ESA/ASI unmanned space mission intended to study Saturn and its moons. ... Iapetus (eye-ap-ə-təs, IPA , Greek Ιαπετός) is the third-largest moon of Saturn, discovered by Giovanni Domenico Cassini in 1671. ...


In December 2007 on his 90th birthday, Clarke recorded a video message to his friends and fans bidding them good-bye.[43]


Clarke died in Sri Lanka on 19 March 2008 after suffering from breathing problems, according to Rohan de Silva, one of his aides,[44][45][23][46] only a few days after he had reviewed the final manuscript of his latest work, The Last Theorem, co-written with Frederik Pohl.[47] He was buried in Colombo in traditional Sri Lankan fashion on March 22, with his younger brother, Fred Clarke, and his Sri Lankan adoptive family among the thousands in attendance.[48] is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The Last Theorem is an Arthur C. Clarke science fiction novel with an anticipated publication date in 2006. ... Frederik George Pohl, Jr. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Position on religion

Themes of religion and spirituality appear in much of Clarke's writing. In 2000, Clarke told the Sri Lankan newspaper, The Island, "I don't believe in God or an afterlife,"[49] and he identifies himself as an atheist.[50] He was honoured as a Humanist Laureate in the International Academy of Humanism.[51] He has also described himself as a "crypto-Buddhist", insisting that Buddhism is not a religion.[52] He displayed little interest about religion early in his life, for example, only discovering a few months after marrying his wife, that she had strong Presbyterian beliefs. Buddhism is a variety of teachings, sometimes described as a religion[1] or way of life that attempts to identify the causes of human suffering and offer various ways that are claimed to end, or ease suffering. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ...


In a three-day interview described as "a dialogue on man and his world" with Alan Watts, Clarke said that he could not forgive religions for the atrocities and wars over time and admitted a bias against religion in a 1972 interview.[53] From The Essential Alan Watts Alan Wilson Watts (January 6, 1915 – November 16, 1973) was a philosopher, writer, speaker, and expert in comparative religion. ... For other senses of this word, see bias (disambiguation). ...


In a reflection of the dialogue where he more broadly stated "mankind", his introduction to the penultimate episode of Mysterious World, entitled, Strange Skies, Clarke said,

I sometimes think that the universe is a machine designed for the perpetual astonishment of astronomers.

Near the very end of that same episode, the last segment of which covered the Star of Bethlehem, he stated that his favourite theory[citation needed] was that it might be a pulsar. Given that pulsars were discovered in the interval between his writing the short story, The Star (1955), and making Mysterious World (1980), and given the more recent discovery of pulsar PSR B1913+16, he said, Adoration of the Magi by Florentine painter Giotto di Bondone (1267-1337). ... It has been suggested that Radio pulsar be merged into this article or section. ... The Star is a science fiction short story by Arthur C. Clarke that appeared in the science fiction magazine Infinity Science Fiction in 1955 and won the Hugo award in 1956. ... PSR B1913+16 is a pulsar in a binary star system, in orbit with another star around a common center of mass. ...

How romantic, if even now, we can hear the dying voice of a star, which heralded the Christian era.

Clark left written instructions for a funeral that stated: For other uses, see Funeral (disambiguation). ...

Absolutely no religious rites of any kind, relating to any religious faith, should be associated with my funeral.[54]

Themes, style, and influences

Clarke's work is marked by an optimistic view of science empowering mankind's exploration of the solar system. His early published stories would usually feature the extrapolation of a technological innovation or scientific breakthrough into the underlying decadence of his own society.


"The Sentinel" (1948) introduced a religious theme to Clarke's work, a theme that he later explored more deeply in The City and the Stars (and its earlier version, Against the Fall of Night). His interest in the paranormal was influenced by Charles Fort and embraced the belief that humanity may be the property of an ancient alien civilisation. Surprisingly for a writer who is often held up as an example of hard science fiction's obsession with technology, three of Clarke's novels have this as a theme. Another theme of "The Sentinel" was the notion that the evolution of an intelligent species would eventually make them something close to gods, which was also explored in his 1953 novel Childhood's End. He also briefly touched upon this idea in his novel Imperial Earth. This idea of transcendence through evolution seems to have been influenced by Olaf Stapledon, who wrote a number of books dealing with this theme. Clarke has said of Stapledon's 1930 book Last and First Men that "No other book had a greater influence on my life ... [It] and its successor Star Maker (1937) are the twin summits of [Stapledon's] literary career".[55] For other works called The Sentinel, see Sentinel. ... Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ... This article is not about Charles Forte. ... This article is about a novel. ... William Olaf Stapledon (May 10, 1886 – September 6, 1950) was a British philosopher and author of several influential works of science fiction. ... Last and First Men: A Story of the Near and Far Future is a science fiction novel written in 1930 by the British author Olaf Stapledon. ... Star Maker (1937) is a cornerstone work of science fiction by Olaf Stapledon, in which he undertakes the immense task of describing the entire history of life in the universe. ...


Adapted screenplays

2001: A Space Odyssey

Clarke's first venture into film was the Stanley Kubrick directed 2001: A Space Odyssey. Kubrick and Clarke had met in 1964 to discuss the possibility of a collaborative film project. As the idea developed, it was decided that the story for the film was to be loosely based on Clarke's short story "The Sentinel", written in 1948 as an entry in a BBC short story competition. Originally, Clarke was going to write the screenplay for the film, but this proved to be more tedious than he had estimated. Instead, Kubrick and Clarke decided it would be best to write a novel first and then adapt it for the film upon its completion. However, as Clarke was finishing the book, the screenplay was also being written simultaneously. Kubrick redirects here. ... For other works called The Sentinel, see Sentinel. ...


Clarke's influence on the directing of 2001: A Space Odyssey is also felt in one of the most memorable scenes in the movie when astronaut Bowman shuts down HAL by removing modules from service one by one. As this happens, we witness HAL's consciousness degrading. By the time HAL's logic is completely gone, he begins singing the song Daisy Bell. This song was chosen based on a visit by Clarke to his friend and colleague John Pierce at the Bell Labs Murray Hill facility. A speech synthesis demonstration by physicist John Larry Kelly, Jr was taking place. Kelly was using an IBM 704 computer to synthesise speech. His voice recorder synthesiser vocoder reproduced the vocal for Daisy Bell, with musical accompaniment from Max Mathews. Arthur C. Clarke was so impressed that he later told Kubrick to use it in this climactic scene.[56] HALs iconic camera eye. ... Daisy Bell is a popular song whose lyrics (Daisy, Daisy, Give me your answer do. ... John Robinson Pierce (March 27, 1910 - April 2, 2002), was an American engineer and author. ... Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) was the main research and development arm of the United States Bell System. ... Murray Hill is a locality of Berkeley Heights, New Jersey located in Union County in north-central New Jersey. ... Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech. ... John Larry Kelly, Jr. ... An IBM 704 mainframe (image courtesy of LLNL) The IBM 704,[1] the first mass-produced computer with floating point arithmetic hardware, was introduced by IBM in April, 1954. ... A vocoder (name derived from voice encoder, formerly also called voder) is a speech analyzer and synthesizer. ... Max Vernon Mathews was born in Columbus, Nebraska, on November 13, 1926. ...


Due to the hectic schedule of the film's production, Kubrick and Clarke had difficulty collaborating on the book. Clarke completed a draft of the novel at the end of 1964 with the plan to publish in 1965 in advance of the film's release in 1966. After many delays the film was released in the spring of 1968, before the book was completed. The book was credited to Clarke alone. Clarke later complained that this had the effect of making the book into a novelisation, that Kubrick had manipulated circumstances to downplay Clarke's authorship. For these and other reasons, the details of the story differ slightly from the book to the movie. The film contains little explanation for the events taking place. Clarke, on the other hand, wrote thorough explanations of "cause and effect" for the events in the novel. James Randi later recounted that upon seeing 2001 for the first time, Clarke left the movie theatre during the first break crying because he was so upset about how the movie had turned out.[57] Despite their differences, both film and novel were well received.[58][59][60] A novelization (or novelisation in British English) is a work of fiction that is written based on some other media story form rather than as an original work. ...


In 1972, Clarke published The Lost Worlds of 2001, which included his account of the production and alternate versions of key scenes. The "special edition" of the novel A Space Odyssey (released in 1999) contains an introduction by Clarke, documenting his account of the events leading to the release of the novel and film.


2010

In 1982 Clarke continued the 2001 epic with a sequel, 2010: Odyssey Two. This novel was also made into a film, 2010, directed by Peter Hyams for release in 1984. Due to the political environment in America in the 1980s, the novel and film present a Cold War theme, with the looming tensions of nuclear warfare. The film was not considered to be as revolutionary or artistic as 2001, but the reviews were still positive. 2010: Odyssey Two, is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke (January 1982) and also a motion picture (1984) by Peter Hyams entitled simply 2010, or sometimes 2010: The Year We Make Contact. ... 2010: The Year We Make Contact, also known as 2010, is a science fiction film released in 1984 directed by Peter Hyams. ... Peter Hyams (born July 26, 1943) is an American screenwriter, director and cinematographer. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The Titan II ICBM carried a 9 Mt W53 warhead, making it one of the most powerful nuclear weapons fielded by the United States during the Cold War. ...


Clarke's email correspondence with Hyams was published in 1984. Titled The Odyssey File: The Making of 2010, and co-authored with Hyams, it illustrates his fascination with the then-pioneering medium and its use for them to communicate on an almost daily basis at the time of planning and production of the film while living on different continents. The book also includes Clarke's list of the best science-fiction films ever made. E-mail, or email, is short for electronic mail and is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. ...


Rendezvous with Rama

Clarke's award-winning 1972 novel Rendezvous with Rama was optioned many years ago, but is currently in "development hell". Director David Fincher is assigned to the project together with actor Morgan Freeman. Rendezvous with Rama is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke first published in 1972. ... Development hell is media-industry jargon for a film, television screenplay, or computer program[1] (or sometimes just a concept or idea) getting stuck in development and never going into production. ... David Leo Fincher (born August 28, 1962) is an American film director and music video director known for his dark and stylish films, particularly Fight Club and Se7en. ... For the Dawsons Creek director, see Morgan J. Freeman. ...


Beyond 2001

2001: A Space Odyssey, Clarke's most famous work, goes well beyond the 1968 movie, and its 1984 sequel (2010). There were two more sequels that have not been adapted to the cinema: 2061: The Third Odyssey and 3001: The Final Odyssey. In 2061: The Third Odyssey, Halley's Comet swings back to nearby Earth, and Sir Arthur uses the event as an excuse to take an aged Dr. Heywood Floyd on a romp through the solar system, visiting the comet before crash-landing on Europa, where he discovers the fates of Dave Bowman, HAL 9000, and the Europan lifeforms which have been protected by the Monoliths. This article is about the comet. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... This article is about the Solar System. ... Comet Hale-Bopp Comet West For other uses, see Comet (disambiguation). ... HALs iconic camera eye. ... For the computer game company, see Monolith Productions. ...


With 3001: The Final Odyssey, Clarke returns to examine the character of astronaut Frank Poole, believed killed outside Discovery by HAL in the original novel and film.


Essays and short stories

Most of Clarke's essays (from 1934 to 1998) can be found in the book Greetings, Carbon-Based Bipeds! (2000). Most of his short stories can be found in the book The Collected Stories of Arthur C. Clarke (2001). Another collection of early essays was published in The View from Serendip (1977), which also included one short piece of fiction, "When the Twerms Came". He wrote short stories under the pseudonyms of E. G. O'Brien and Charles Willis. He also wrote a story called "The Secret." The Collected Stories of Arthur C. Clarke, (ISBN 0312878214), first published in 2000, is a collection of almost every science fiction story shorter than novel length that Arthur C. Clarke has ever published: more than 100 in all arranged in order of publication, from Travel By Wire in 1937 through... When the Twerms Came, is short, short story by British author Arthur C. Clarke. ...


Concept of the geostationary communications satellite

Main article: Geostationary orbit

Clarke's most important scientific contribution may be his idea that geostationary satellites would be ideal telecommunications relays. He described this concept in a paper titled Extra-Terrestrial Relays — Can Rocket Stations Give Worldwide Radio Coverage?, published in Wireless World in October 1945. The geostationary orbit is now sometimes known as the Clarke Orbit or the Clarke Belt in his honour. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Geostationary orbit A geostationary orbit (GEO) is a geosynchronous orbit directly above the Earths equator (0° latitude), with orbital eccentricity of zero. ... Geostationary orbit A geostationary orbit (GEO) is a geosynchronous orbit directly above the Earths equator (0° latitude), with orbital eccentricity of zero. ... A geosynchronous satellite is a satellite whose orbital speed equals the Earths rotational speed. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Wireless World was the preeminent British magazine for radio and electronics enthusiasts. ... Geostationary orbit A geostationary orbit (GEO) is a geosynchronous orbit directly above the Earths equator (0° latitude), with orbital eccentricity of zero. ... A geostationary orbit (abbreviated GEO) is a circular orbit in the Earths equatorial plane, any point on which revolves about the Earth in the same direction and with the same period as the Earths rotation. ... A geosynchronous orbit is a geocentric orbit that has the same orbital period as the sidereal rotation period of the Earth. ...


However, it is not clear that this article was actually the inspiration for the modern telecommunications satellite. John R. Pierce, of Bell Labs, arrived at the idea independently in 1954 and he was actually involved in the Echo satellite and Telstar projects. Moreover, Pierce stated that the idea was "in the air" at the time and certain to be developed regardless of Clarke's publication. Nevertheless, Clarke described the idea so thoroughly that his article has been cited as prior art in judgements denying patents on the concept.[citation needed] John Robinson Pierce (March 27, 1910 - April 2, 2002), was an American engineer and author. ... Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) was the main research and development arm of the United States Bell System. ... Echo 1 sits fully inflated at a Navy hangar in Weeksville, North Carolina. ... The original Telstar had a roughly spherical shape. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


Though different from Clarke's idea of telecom relay, the idea of communicating with satellites in geostationary orbit itself had been described earlier. For example, the concept of geostationary satellites was described in Hermann Oberth's 1923 book Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen[61](The Rocket into Interplanetary Space) and then the idea of radio communication with those satellites in Herman Potočnik's (written under the pseudonym Hermann Noordung) 1928 book Das Problem der Befahrung des Weltraums — der Raketen-Motor (The Problem of Space Travel — The Rocket Motor) section: Providing for Long Distance Communications and Safety [62] published in Berlin. Clarke acknowledged the earlier concept in his book Profiles of the Future.[63] Oberth (in front) with fellow ABMA employees. ... Herman Potočnik (pseudonym Hermann Noordung) (December 22, 1892 - August 27, 1929) was a Slovene rocket engineer and pioneer of cosmonautics (astronautics). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


Awards, honours and other recognition

  • Following the release of 2001, Clarke became much in demand as a commentator on science and technology, especially at the time of the Apollo space program. The fame of 2001 was enough to get the Command Module of the Apollo 13 craft named "Odyssey"[citation needed].
  • Shared a 1969 Academy Award nomination with Stanley Kubrick in the category, Best Writing, Story and Screenplay - Written Directly for the Screen for 2001: A Space Odyssey.[64]
  • In 1986, Clarke provided a grant to fund the prize money (initially £1,000) for the Arthur C. Clarke Award for the best science fiction novel published in Britain in the previous year. In 2001 the prize was increased to £2001, and its value now matches the year (e.g., £2005 in 2005).
  • Clarke received a CBE in 1989,[30] and was knighted in 2000.[32][31] Clarke's health did not allow him to travel to London to receive the honour personally from the Queen, so the United Kingdom's High Commissioner to Sri Lanka invested him as a Knight Bachelor at a ceremony in Colombo.
  • In 1994, Clarke was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize by law professor Glenn Reynolds.[65]
  • In 1999. Clarke was nominated for a Nobel Literature Prize: http://www.petar-bosnic-petrus.com/other-articles/nobel-nomination/ by professor Petar Bosnic Petrus.
  • The 2001 Mars Odyssey orbiter is named in honour of Sir Arthur's works.
  • In 2003, Sir Arthur was awarded the Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology where he appeared on stage via a 3-D hologram with a group of old friends which included Jill Tarter, Neil Armstrong, Lewis Branscomb, Charles Townes, Freeman Dyson, Bruce Murray and Scott Brown.
  • In 2005 he lent his name to the inaugural Sir Arthur Clarke Awards — dubbed "the Space Oscars". His brother attended the awards ceremony, and presented an award specially chosen by Arthur (and not by the panel of judges who chose the other awards) to the British Interplanetary Society.
  • On 14 November 2005 Sri Lanka awarded Arthur C. Clarke its highest civilian award, the Sri Lankabhimanya (The Pride of Sri Lanka) , for his contributions to science and technology and his commitment to his adopted country.
  • Sir Arthur was the Honorary Board Chair of the Institute for Cooperation in Space, founded by Carol Rosin, and served on the Board of Governors of the National Space Society, a space advocacy organisation originally founded by Dr. Wernher von Braun.
  • An asteroid was named in Clarke's honour, 4923 Clarke (the number was assigned prior to, and independently of, the name - 2001, however appropriate, was unavailable, having previously been assigned to Albert Einstein).
  • A species of ceratopsian dinosaur, Serendipaceratops arthurcclarkei, discovered in Inverloch in Australia.
  • The Learning Resource Centre at Richard Huish College, Taunton, which Clarke attended when it was Huish Grammar School, is named after him.
  • Clarke was a distinguished vice-president of the H. G. Wells Society, being strongly influenced by H. G. Wells as a science-fiction writer.

Description Role: Earth and Lunar Orbit Crew: 3; CDR, CM pilot, LM pilot Dimensions Height: 36. ... Description Role: Earth and Lunar Orbit Crew: 3; CDR, CM pilot, LM pilot Dimensions Height: 36. ... This article is about the Apollo mission. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... The Arthur C. Clarke Award is a British award given for the best science fiction novel first published in the United Kingdom during the previous year. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment. ... The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish and Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is the name of one of five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... Glenn Reynolds (author photo). ... 2001 Mars Odyssey is a robotic spacecraft orbiting the planet Mars. ... Sir Arthur Clarke Award 2005 The Sir Arthur Clarke Award is a British award given in recognition of notable contributions to the British space industry. ... The British Interplanetary Society (BIS) founded in 1933 by Mr. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sri Lankabhimanya (The Pride of Sri Lanka) is the highest National Honour of Sri Lanka awarded by the President of Sri Lanka on behalf the Government of Sri Lanka. ... The Institute for Cooperation in Space (ICIS) is a 501-C-3 tax-exempt, non-profit foundation whose mission is to educate decision makers and the grassroots about why space weapons must be banned. ... Dr. Carol Rosin is an award-winning educator, author, leading aerospace executive and space and missile defense consultant. ... A board of governors is usually the governing board of a public entity. ... National Space Society logo The National Space Society (NSS) is an international nonprofit 501(c)(3), educational, and scientific organization specializing in space advocacy. ... Space advocacy is a political position that favors the exploration, utilization, and colonization of outer space. ... For other uses of von Braun, see von Braun (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... 4923 Clarke is an asteroid. ... 2001 Einstein is an asteroid discovered on March 5, 1973. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... Groups Psittacosaurus Coronosauria Ceratopia (ser-a-TOP-ee-ah) or Ceratopsia is a group of ornithischian dinosaurs which evolved during the Cretaceous period in what is now North America and Asia. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Inverloch is a seaside village in Victoria, Australia. ... The Richard Huish College is named after Richard Huish who originally established the college as a grammar school for boys in the 18th century. ... H. G. Wells in 1943. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ...

Partial bibliography

Novels

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Sands of Mars is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke which was published in 1951, before Humans had achieved space flight. ... May also refer to Islands in the Sky: Bold New Ideas for Colonizing Space, Stanley Schmidt and Robert Zubrin, eds. ... The City and The Stars is a science fiction novel by Arthur C Clarke. ... This article is about a novel. ... Earthlight is one of Arthur C. Clarkes earlier works, dating back to 1955. ... The City and The Stars (1956) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke. ... The Deep Range is a 1957 Arthur C. Clarke science-fiction novel concerning a future sub-mariner who helps farm the seas. ... A Fall of Moondust is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, first published in 1961. ... Dolphin Island: A Story of the People of the Sea is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke first published in 1963. ... Glide Path is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke, published in 1963. ... Rendezvous with Rama is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke first published in 1972. ... A Neeting with Medusa is a science fiction novella by Arthur C. Clarke. ... Imperial Earth (ISBN 0-15-144233-9) is a novel written by Arthur C. Clarke, and published in time for the U.S. bicentennial in 1976 by Ballantine Books. ... The Fountains of Paradise is a 1979 novel by Arthur C. Clarke. ... 2010: Odyssey Two, is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke (January 1982) and also a motion picture (1984) by Peter Hyams entitled simply 2010, or sometimes 2010: The Year We Make Contact. ... Songs of Distant Earth is the common title of several science fiction works by Arthur C. Clarke, including a science fiction short story, a short movie synopsis, and a 1986 soft science fiction novel that all bear the same title. ... 2061: Odyssey Three (1987) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, and is the third book in the Space Odyssey series. ... Cradle is a 1988 science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke and Gentry Lee. ... Gentry Lee is a NASA engineer and science fiction writer. ... Rama II is a novel by Gentry Lee and Arthur C. Clarke first published in 1989. ... Gentry Lee is a NASA engineer and science fiction writer. ... Beyond the Fall of Night (1990) is a novel by Gregory Benford and Arthur C. Clarke. ... Gregory Benford (born January 30, 1941 in Mobile, Alabama) is an American science fiction author and physicist who is on the faculty of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of California, Irvine. ... The Ghost from the Grand Banks is a 1990 science fiction novel written by Arthur C. Clarke. ... The Garden of Rama (1991) is a novel by Gentry Lee and Arthur C. Clarke. ... Gentry Lee is a NASA engineer and science fiction writer. ... Rama Revealed (1993) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke and Gentry Lee. ... Gentry Lee is a NASA engineer and science fiction writer. ... The Hammer of God is a science fiction novel written by Arthur C. Clarke in 1993. ... Richter 10 is a Novel by Arthur C. Clarke & Mike McQuay. ... Michael Dennis McQuay(1949 - 1995) is an American science fiction writer. ... 3001: The Final Odyssey (1997) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, fourth and final book in the Space Odyssey series. ... The Trigger is a 2000 science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke and Michael P. Kube-McDowell. ... Michael P. Kube-McDowell (1954 - ) is a science fiction novelist. ... The Light of Other Days is a 2000 science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke and Stephen Baxter. ... Stephen Baxter (born in Liverpool, 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fiction author. ... Times Eye is a 2003 science fiction novel co-written by Arthur C. Clarke (author of 2001: A Space Odyssey) and Stephen Baxter. ... Stephen Baxter (born in Liverpool, 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fiction author. ... Sunstorm is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke. ... Stephen Baxter (born in Liverpool, 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fiction author. ... Firstborn is a 2007 novel by Stephen Baxter and Arthur C. Clarke. ... Stephen Baxter (born in Liverpool, 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fiction author. ... The Last Theorem is an Arthur C. Clarke science fiction novel with an anticipated publication date in 2006. ... Frederik George Pohl, Jr. ...

Omnibus editions

  • Across the Sea of Stars (1959) (including Childhood's End, Earthlight and 18 short stories)
  • From the Ocean, From the Stars (1962) (including The City and the Stars, The Deep Range and The Other Side of the Sky)
  • An Arthur C. Clarke Omnibus (1965) (including Childhood's End, Prelude to Space and Expedition to Earth)
  • Prelude to Mars (1965) (including Prelude to Space and The Sands of Mars)
  • The Lion of Comarre and Against the Fall of Night (1968)
  • An Arthur C. Clarke Second Omnibus (1968) (including A Fall of Moondust, Earthlight and The Sands of Mars)
  • Four Great SF Novels (1978) (including The City and the Stars, The Deep Range, A Fall of Moondust, Rendezvous with Rama)
  • The Space Trilogy (2001) (including Islands in the Sky, Earthlight and The Sands of Mars)

Short story collections

Expedition to Earth (ISBN 0722124236) is a collection of science fiction short stories by Arthur C. Clarke, published in 1954. ... Reach for Tomorrow is a collection of short stories by science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke. ... Tales from the White Hart is a collection of short stories by science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke. ... The Other Side of the Sky is a collection of short stories by science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke. ... The Other Side of the Sky is a collection of short stories by science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke. ... Of Time and Stars is a collection of short stories by science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke. ... The Wind from the Sun (ISBN 0151968101) is a collection of short stories by science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke. ... The Collected Stories of Arthur C. Clarke, (ISBN 0312878214), first published in 2000, is a collection of almost every science fiction story shorter than novel length that Arthur C. Clarke has ever published: more than 100 in all arranged in order of publication, from Travel By Wire in 1937 through...

Non-fiction

  • Interplanetary Flight: an introduction to astronautics. London: Temple Press, 1950
  • The Exploration of Space. New York: Harper, 1951
  • The Coast of Coral. New York: Harper, 1957 — Volume 1 of the Blue planet trilogy
  • The Reefs of Taprobane; Underwater Adventures around Ceylon. New York: Harper, 1957 — Volume 2 of the Blue planet trilogy
  • The Making of a Moon: the Story of the Earth Satellite Program. New York: Harper, 1957
  • Boy beneath the sea, Photos by Mike Wilson. Text by Arthur C. Clarke. New York: Harper, 1958
  • The Challenge of the Space Ship: Previews of Tomorrow’s World. New York: Harper, 1959
  • The Challenge of the Sea. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1960
  • Profiles of the Future; an Inquiry into the Limits of the Possible. New York: Harper & Row, 1962
  • The Treasure of the Great Reef. New York: Harper & Row, 1964 — Volume 3 of the Blue planet trilogy
  • Voices from the Sky: Previews of the Coming Space Age. New York: Harper & Row, 1965
  • The Promise of Space. New York: Harper, 1968
  • Into Space: a Young Person’s Guide to Space, by Arthur C. Clarke and Robert Silverberg. New York: Harper & Row, 1971
  • Report on Planet Three and Other Speculations. New York: Harper & Row, 1972
  • The Lost Worlds of 2001. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1972
  • Voice Across the Sea. HarperCollins, 1975
  • The View from Serendip. Random House, 1977
  • The Odyssey File. Email correspondence with Peter Hyams. London: Panther Books, 1984
  • 1984, Spring: a Choice of Futures. New York: Ballantine Books, 1984
  • Ascent to Orbit, a Scientific Autobiography: The Technical Writings of Arthur C. Clarke. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1984
  • Astounding Days: A Science Fictional Autobiography. London: Gollancz, 1989
  • How the World Was One: Beyond the Global Village. New York : Bantam Books, 1992 — A history and survey of the communications revolution
  • By Space Possessed. London: Gollancz, 1993
  • The Snows of Olympus - A Garden on Mars (1994, picture album with comments)
  • An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural, 1995, St. Martin's Press ISBN 0-312-15119-5 (Online Version)
  • Fractals: The Colors of Infinity (1997, narrator)
  • Arthur C. Clarke & Lord Dunsany: A Correspondence 1945-1956. ed. Keith Allen Daniels. Palo Alto, CA, USA: Anamnesis Press, 1998.
  • Greetings, Carbon-Based Bipeds! : Collected Works 1934-1988. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999
  • Profiles of the Future; an Inquiry into the Limits of the Possible (updated edition). New York: Harper & Row, 1999, ISBN 057506790X, ISBN 9780575067905
  • From Narnia to A Space Odyssey: The War of Ideas Between Arthur C. Clarke and C. S. Lewis. Edited with an Introduction by Ryder W. Miller. Ibooks (distr. by Simon & Schuster), 2003. Republished in 2005 with new sub-title "Stories , letters, and commentary by and about C. S. Lewis and Arthur C. Clarke".
  • The Coming of the Space Age; famous accounts of man's probing of the universe, selected and edited by Arthur C. Clarke.

Example of Panther Science Fiction Examples of a Panther Book Panther Books Ltd is a UK publishing house made popular in the 1960s, specialising in paperback fiction. ... An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural is a 1995 book by James Randi and Arthur C. Clarke. ... Headquartered in the legendary Flatiron Building in New York City, St. ...

In popular culture

  • Clarke attempted to write a six-word story as part of a Wired Magazine article but wrote ten words instead. ("God said, 'Cancel Program GENESIS.' The universe ceased to exist.") He refused to lower the word count.[66]
  • At the start of the movie 2010, Dr. Heywood Floyd is engaged in a conversation in front of the White House. Clarke is the man feeding the pigeons to the left of the shot. Later on in the movie, in the hospital scene where Mrs. Bowman dies, the cover of Time shows a photograph of Clarke as the American president, and one of Kubrick as the Russian Premier.
  • He survived the tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which did however claim his "Arthur C. Clarke Diving School" at Hikkaduwa,[67] which has since been rebuilt.
  • He was a Distinguished Supporter of the British Humanist Association.
  • Clarke's novel, Songs of Distant Earth, was the theme for an album of the same name released by ambient musician Mike Oldfield, the creator of the 1973 album Tubular Bells. Most of the sections in the album are named after elements of the novel, such as "The Sunken Forest". The inlay/sleevenotes include a short piece written by Clarke. Oldfield also used other titles from Clarke's work for songs, including "Sentinel" and "Sunjammer", on Tubular Bells II.
  • In the TV series Millennium the log-in voice phrases for Peter Watts and Lara Means are quotes from 2001: A Space Odyssey
  • The Divine Comedy recorded a song entitled "Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World" for their 2006 album, Victory For The Comic Muse, in tribute to Clarke's well-known TV programme.
  • In an episode of The Goodies, Clarke's show is cancelled after it is claimed he does not exist (it is later claimed in the same episode that Clarke was just Graeme Garden in a wig).

// Flash fiction is fiction characterized by its extreme brevity, as measured by its length in words. ... Wired is a full-color monthly magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993. ... 2010: The Year We Make Contact, also known as 2010, is a science fiction film released in 1984 directed by Peter Hyams. ... TIME redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... Hikkaduwa is a place on the south coast of Sri Lanka. ... The British Humanist Association is an organisation of the United Kingdom which promotes Humanism. ... Songs of Distant Earth is the common title of several science fiction works by Arthur C. Clarke, including a science fiction short story, a short movie synopsis, and a 1986 soft science fiction novel that all bear the same title. ... The Songs of Distant Earth is a music album, written and mostly performed by Mike Oldfield. ... Michael Gordon Oldfield (born May 15, 1953 in Reading, England) is a multi-instrumentalist musician and composer, working a style that blends progressive rock, folk, ethnic or world music, classical music, electronic music and more recently dance. ... This article is about the Mike Oldfield album. ... Tubular Bells II is a music album by Mike Oldfield. ... Millennium is a grim, suspenseful American television series, produced by Chris Carter (creator of The X-Files), and set during the years leading up to the dawn of the new millennium. ... A movie poster from the original release of 2001 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) is an immensely popular and influential science fiction film and book; the film directed by Stanley Kubrick and the book written by Arthur C. Clarke. ... The Divine Comedy is a pop band from Northern Ireland fronted by Neil Hannon. ... CD+DVD version cover Victory for the Comic Muse is a 2006 studio album by Neil Hannon, under band name The Divine Comedy. ... Big Foot is an episode of the British comedy television series The Goodies. ... This article discusses the Goodies trio and the origins of their comedy TV series For information about the television series, see The Goodies (TV series) The Goodies are a trio of British comedians (Tim Brooke-Taylor, Graeme Garden and Bill Oddie), who created, wrote, and starred in a surreal British... Graeme Garden, as a Beefeater in The Goodies (TV series) episode The Tower of London David Graeme Garden (born February 18, 1943) is a British comedy writer and performer. ...

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The Arthur C. Clarke Award is a British award given for the best science fiction novel first published in the United Kingdom during the previous year. ... Arthur C. Clarke formulated the following three laws of prediction: When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that something is possible, he is almost certainly right. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Cited references

  1. ^ a b "Arthur C. Clarke", books and writers, 2003. Retrieved on 2008-03-18. 
  2. ^ "Mysterious World" (1980) at the Internet Movie Database
  3. ^ Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World on YouTube. Retrieved on March 23, 2008.
  4. ^ The 1945 Proposal by Arthur C. Clarke for Geostationary Satellite Communications
  5. ^ The Arthur C. Clarke Foundation
  6. ^ a b Sir Arthur's details
  7. ^ Moon Miners' Manifesto: Arthur C Clarke nominated for Nobel
  8. ^ Yahoomc: test
  9. ^ Campaign for gorilla-friendly mobiles| News | This is London
  10. ^ Summary List of UNESCO Prizes: List of Prizewinners, p. 12
  11. ^ The Arthur C. Clarke Foundation
  12. ^ Remembering Arthur C. Clarke. Retrieved on 2008-03-27.
  13. ^ "Science fiction author Arthur C Clarke dies aged 90", The Times, 19 March 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-19. "Science fiction writer Sir Arthur C Clarke has died aged 90 in his adopted home of Sri Lanka, it was confirmed tonight." 
  14. ^ London Gazette: no. 34321, page 5798, 8 September 1936. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
  15. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36089, pages 3162–3163, 9 July 1943. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
  16. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36271, page 5289, 30 November c1943. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
  17. ^ IEEE Spectrum: Audio Transcript: Interview with Arthur C. Clarke
  18. ^ Arthur C. Clarke Extra Terrestrial Relays. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  19. ^ Peacetime Uses for V2 (JPG). Wireless World (February 1945). Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  20. ^ EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL RELAYS Can Rocket Stations Give World-wide Radio Coverage?. Wireless World (October 1945). Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  21. ^ Clarke Foundation Biography. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
  22. ^ a b c McAleer, Neil. "Arthur C. Clarke: The Authorized Biography", Contemporary Books, Chicago, 1992. ISBN 0-8092-3720-2
  23. ^ a b c d "Arthur C. Clarke, Premier Science Fiction Writer, Dies at 90.", New York Times, March 18, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-19. "Arthur C. Clarke, a writer whose seamless blend of scientific expertise and poetic imagination helped usher in the space age, died early Wednesday in Colombo, Sri Lanka, where he had lived since 1956. He was 90. He had battled debilitating post-polio syndrome for years." 
  24. ^ Review section (page 3), Saturday Guardian, 2008-03-22
  25. ^ Happy Birthday Sir Arthur C. Clarke!. Sunday Observer (20051211). Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  26. ^ Personal e-mail from Sir Arthur Clarke to Jerry Stone, Director of the Sir Arthur Clarke Awards, 1 November 2006
  27. ^ Chart of the Future. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  28. ^ SFWA Grand Masters
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ a b London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51772, page 16, 16 June 1989. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
  31. ^ a b Letters Patent were issued by Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom on 16 March 2000 to authorise this. (see London Gazette: no. 55796, page 3167, 21 March 2000. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.)
  32. ^ a b London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 54993, page 2, 30 December 1997. Retrieved on 2008-03-19.
  33. ^ It doesn't do any harm ... most of the damage comes from fuss made. Sunday Mirror, Feb 1, 1998 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_19980201/ai_n14474884 Retrieved on 2008-03-24
  34. ^ SMIRK OF A PERVERT AND A LIAR. Sunday Mirror, Feb 8, 1998 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_19980208/ai_n14474575 Retrieved on 2008-03-24
  35. ^ Sci-fi novelist cleared of sex charges. Retrieved on 2008-02-11.
  36. ^ Clarke Denies Pedophile Allegations. Science Fiction News of the Week (19980206). Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  37. ^ Arthur C. Clarke. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  38. ^ Arthur C. Clarke. NNDB. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  39. ^ File 770:123. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  40. ^ Child sex file could close on sci-fi writer. Irish Examiner. Retrieved on 2007-03-19.
  41. ^ "Sir Arthur C Clarke", The Daily Telegraph, 20 March 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-27. 
  42. ^ Video greeting to NASA JPL by Arthur C. Clarke. Retrieved 24 September 2007
  43. ^ Sir Arthur C Clarke 90th Birthday reflections (2007-12-10). Retrieved on 2008-02-22.
  44. ^ Writer Arthur C Clarke dies at 90, BBC News, 18 March 2008
  45. ^ Sci-fi guru Arthur C. Clarke dies at 90, MSNBC, 18 March 2008
  46. ^ "Arthur C. Clarke: The Wired Words", Wired Blog Network, March 18, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-22. 
  47. ^ "Last odyssey for sci-fi guru Arthur C. Clarke", Agence France-Presse, March 19, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-20. "Just a few days before he died, Clarke reviewed the final manuscript of his latest novel, "The Last Theorem" co-written with American author Frederik Pohl, which is to be published later this year." 
  48. ^ "Sci-fi writer Clarke laid to rest", BBC, 2008-03-22. Retrieved on 2008-03-22. 
  49. ^ Midwee01
  50. ^ "…Stanley [Kubrick] is a Jew and I'm an atheist". Clarke quoted in Jeromy Agel (Ed.) (1970). The Making of Kubrick's 2001: p.306
  51. ^ The International Academy Of Humanism at the website of the Council for Secular Humanism. (Retrieved 18 October 2007).
  52. ^ Cherry, Matt (1999), "God, Science, and Delusion: A Chat With Arthur C. Clarke", Free Inquiry (Amherst, NY: Council for Secular Humanism) 19 (2), ISSN 0272-0701, <http://www.secularhumanism.org/index.php?section=library&page=clarke_19_2>. Retrieved on 16 April 2008 
  53. ^ Clarke, Arthur C. & Watts, Alan (January), "At the Interface: Technology and Mysticism", Playboy (Chicago, Ill.: HMH Publishing) 19 (1): 94, ISBN 0032-1478, OCLC 3534353 
  54. ^ TIME Quotes of the Day (2008-03-19). Retrieved on 2008-03-20.
  55. ^ Arthur C. Clarke Quotes. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  56. ^ Bell Labs: Where "HAL" First Spoke (Bell Labs Speech Synthesis Web Site). Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  57. ^ Randi shares some stories regarding his friend Arthur C. Clarke and makes a comparison of Stanley Kubrick to Steve Jobs. Retrieved on 2008-04-24.
  58. ^ Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  59. ^ Movies. Go.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  60. ^ Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  61. ^ Kelso, Dr. T. S. (1998-05-01). Basics of the Geostationary Orbit. Satellite Times. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  62. ^ Providing for Long Distance Communications and Safety. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
  63. ^ Clarke, Arthur C. (1984). Profiles of the Future: An Inquiry Into the Limits of the Possible. New York, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Wilson, 205n. ISBN 0030697832.  "INTELSAT, the International Telecommunications Satellite Organisation which operates the global system, has started calling it the Clarke orbit. Flattered though I am, honesty compels me to point out that the concept of such an orbit predates my 1945 paper 'Extra Terrestrial Relays' by at least twenty years. I didn't invent it, but only annexed it."
  64. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0002009/awards
  65. ^ Burns, John F. "Colombo Journal; A Nonfiction Journey to a More Peaceful World" New York Times, November 28, 1994
  66. ^ Wired 14.11: Very Short Stories
  67. ^ Author Arthur Clarke loses Lanka school - Sify.com

Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The London Gazette , front page from Monday 3 - 10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The London Gazette , front page from Monday 3 - 10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The London Gazette , front page from Monday 3 - 10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Arthur Clarke Award 2005 The Sir Arthur Clarke Award is a British award given in recognition of notable contributions to the British space industry. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The London Gazette , front page from Monday 3 - 10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The London Gazette , front page from Monday 3 - 10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The London Gazette , front page from Monday 3 - 10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wired News, online at Wired. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AFP logo Paris headquarters of AFP Charles Havas Agence France-Presse (AFP) is the oldest news agency in the world, and one of the three largest with Associated Press and Reuters. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Free Inquiry is a bi-monthly journal of secular humanist opinion and commentary, published by the Council for Secular Humanism. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... From The Essential Alan Watts Alan Wilson Watts (January 6, 1915 – November 16, 1973) was a philosopher, writer, speaker, and expert in comparative religion. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • The Arthur C. Clarke Foundation
  • Arthur C. Clarke Award
  • Sir Arthur Clarke Awards
  • Sir Arthur C Clarke: Obituary and public tributes
  • Arthur C. Clarke at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
  • Arthur C. Clarke at the Internet Movie Database
  • Chiral life concept
  • Arthur C. Clarke's Maelstrom II - a science-based mini drama
  • Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008) IAF 19 March 2008
  • Obituary: Arthur C. Clarke BBC 19 March 2008
  • Sir Arthur C Clarke: 90th Birthday Reflections
  • Obituary in The Times, 19 March 2008
  • Obituary in the Wall Street Journal, 20 March 2008
  • Obituary in guardian.co.uk, 19 March 2008
  • Obituary in the The New York Times, 19 March 2008
  • The knight of science fiction, The Hindu, 21 March 2008
  • Arthur C. Clake—Space.com report
  • Memorial Page for Arthur C. Clarke at FindaGrave
  • Delighted, Kerry O'Quinn, DoorQ.Com, Delighted! Kerry O'Quinn on Arthur C. Clarke
  • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Houston Section, Tribute to Sir Arthur C. Clarke, April Issue 2008 [2]
Persondata
NAME Clarke, Arthur Charles
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Clarke, Arthur C.
SHORT DESCRIPTION British and Sri Lankan Author and Inventor
DATE OF BIRTH 16 December 1917
PLACE OF BIRTH Minehead, Somerset, United Kingdom
DATE OF DEATH 19 March 2008
PLACE OF DEATH Colombo, Sri Lanka
The Lost Worlds of 2001 by Arthur C. Clark was published in 1972 by Signet as an accompaniment to the wildly successful 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 2010: The Year We Make Contact, also known as 2010, is a science fiction film released in 1984 directed by Peter Hyams. ... An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural is a 1995 book by James Randi and Arthur C. Clarke. ... 2010: The Year We Make Contact, also known as 2010, is a science fiction film released in 1984 directed by Peter Hyams. ... Rendezvous with Rama is a novel by Arthur C. Clarke first published in 1972. ... The Songs of Distant Earth is a music album, written and mostly performed by Mike Oldfield. ... Binomial name Serendipaceratops arthurcclarkei Rich & Vickers-Rich, 2003 Serendipaceratops is a genus of early ceratopsian dinosaur from the early Cretaceous Period of Australia. ... Sir Arthur Clarke Award 2005 The Sir Arthur Clarke Award is a British award given in recognition of notable contributions to the British space industry. ... Geostationary orbit A geostationary orbit (GEO) is a geosynchronous orbit directly above the Earths equator (0° latitude), with orbital eccentricity of zero. ... Arthur C. Clarke formulated the following three laws of prediction: When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that something is possible, he is almost certainly right. ... Arthur C. Clarkes Mysterious World was a popular thirteen part television series looking at unexplained phenomena from around the world. ... Sri Lankabhimanya Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (16 December 1917–19 March 2008), was a British science fiction author, inventor, and futurist, most famous for the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, written in collaboration with director Stanley Kubrick, a collaboration which led also to the film of the same name... The Space Odyssey series is a science fiction series of novels and films created from 1953 to 1997 primarily by the science-fiction writer, Arthur C. Clarke and by the film director, Stanley Kubrick. ... 2010: The Year We Make Contact, also known as 2010, is a science fiction film released in 1984 directed by Peter Hyams. ... 2010: Odyssey Two, is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke (January 1982) and also a motion picture (1984) by Peter Hyams entitled simply 2010, or sometimes 2010: The Year We Make Contact. ... 2061: Odyssey Three (1987) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, and is the third book in the Space Odyssey series. ... 3001: The Final Odyssey (1997) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, fourth and final book in the Space Odyssey series. ... The Lost Worlds of 2001 by Arthur C. Clark was published in 1972 by Signet as an accompaniment to the wildly successful 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... For other works called The Sentinel, see Sentinel. ... HALs iconic camera eye. ... Keir Dullea as David Bowman. ... Dr. Sivasubramanian Chandrasegarampillai (Dr. R. Chandra) is the fictional creator of HAL 9000 in the Space Odyssey series written by Arthur C. Clarke. ... Walter Curnow is a character in the Space Odyssey series, who appears in the book and movie versions of 2010: Odyssey Two. ... Dr. Heywood R. Floyd is a fictional character in the Space Odyssey series by Arthur C. Clarke. ... Frank Poole vs. ... United States Spacecraft Discovery One is a fictional spacecraft appearing in The Space Odyssey series, including the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... EVA pod is a two member band out of central Florida, located in a crappy county called Polk. ... The Leonov was the fictional Russian spaceship in the novel 2010: Odyssey Two, and its film adaptation 2010: The Year We Make Contact. ... A Pan Am Orion III approaching Space Station V Cockpit of the Orion III The Orion III is a fictional passenger spaceplane seen in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... An Aries Ib landing at Clavius Base The Aries Ib is a fictional spacraft seen in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Space Station Five Space Station Five interior. ... The moonbuses are fictonal spacecrafts from the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... Clavius Base, as seen from the cockpit of the Aries Ib lunar shuttle. ... Tycho is a prominent lunar impact crater located in the southern lunar highlands. ... For other uses, see Jupiter (disambiguation). ... Apparent magnitude: 5. ... Atmosphere Surface pressure: trace Composition: 90% sulfur dioxide Io (eye-oe, IPA: , Greek Ῑώ) is the innermost of the four Galilean moons of Jupiter and, with a diameter of 3,642 kilometers, is the fourth largest moon in the Solar System. ... This article is about the natural satellite of Jupiter. ... This article is about the planet. ... Iapetus (eye-ap-É™-tÉ™s, IPA , Greek Ιαπετός) is the third-largest moon of Saturn, discovered by Giovanni Domenico Cassini in 1671. ... Keir Dullea (born May 30, 1936) is an actor best remembered for his role as astronaut David Bowman in the 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey and in 1984s 2010: The Year We Make Contact. ... This article is about the actor. ... Gary Lockwood (born John Gary Yusolfsky on February 21, 1937 in Van Nuys, California) is an American actor who is probably best known for his role as astronaut Dr. Frank Poole in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). ... Dame Helen Mirren, DBE (born July 26, 1945), is an English stage, television and film actress. ... Douglas Rain is a Canadian actor and narrator born in 1928 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... Roy Richard Scheider (born November 10, 1932 in Orange, New Jersey) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe-nominated American actor. ... William Sylvester (January 31, 1922 - January 25, 1995) was an American TV and film actor. ... DVD of first series of The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin starring Leonard Rossiter Leonard Rossiter (21 October 1926 – 5 October 1984) was a distinguished English actor, known for his comedy roles in two British television series of the 1970s, and for his roles in two Stanley Kubrick films. ... Margaret Tyzack (born 19 September 1931 in London, England) is a British actress. ... Peter Hyams (born July 26, 1943) is an American screenwriter, director and cinematographer. ... Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds... Kubrick redirects here. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Inventor (disambiguation). ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... , Minehead is a coastal town in West Somerset, England with a population of around 10,000. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ...

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m