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Encyclopedia > Artek (camp)
Artek's logo since 1990s

Artek (Russian: Арте́к) was the All-Union and international Young Pioneer camp in the Soviet Union. It was established on June 16, 1925 near the Black Sea in the town of Gurzuf located on the Crimean peninsula, at 44°33′N 34°18′E The camp first hosted eighty children but it grew rapidly. In 1969 it had an area of 3.2 km², there were 150 buildings, three medical buildings, a school, film studio Artekfilm, three swimming pools, sports stadium (7000 seats), playgrounds for other activities. Image File history File links The logo of Artek camp File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links The logo of Artek camp File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Young Pioneer camp was the name for the rest place of Young Pioneers, in the 20th century they existed in many Socialist countries. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Map of the Black Sea. ... Gurzuf (Russian:Гурзу́ф) is a settlement on the Crimea peninsula in Ukraine, on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Peninsula A peninsula (from Latin paene insula, almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ...


Unlike most of the young pioneer camps, Artek was a year-round camp, thanks to the climate.


Structurally Artek was a group of 10 smaller camps. Each of them had its own name: "Morskoi", "Lazurny", "Kiparisny" etc. Four of these smaller camps ("Rechnoi", "Ozyorny", "Lesnoi" and "Polevoi") made up the notable "Pribrezhny" complex of Artek, built between 1960 and 1964. The group of architects led by Anatoly Polyansky which designed "Pribrezhny" was awarded the USSR State Prize in architecture in 1967. Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Stalin Prize medal State Prize medal The USSR State Prize (Russian:Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР) was the Soviet Unions highest civilian honour. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


Destination Artek was considered to be a honorable award for Soviet children as well as internationally. During its heyday, each year Artek gave 27,000 children vacations. Between 1925 and 1969 in the camp hosted 300,000 children including more than 13,000 children from seventy foreign countries. In July 1983 Artek was visited by a peacemaker Samantha Smith. Among honorary guests of Artek were Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Gagarin, Indira Gandhi, Urho Kekkonen, Nikita Khrushchev, Jawaharlal Nehru, Otto Schmidt, Lidia Skoblikova, Benjamin Spock, Mikhail Tal, Valentina Tereshkova, Lev Yashin. 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the British tennis player with the same name, see Samantha Smith (tennis). ... Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev Russian: ; January 1, 1907 [O.S. December 19, 1906] – November 10, 1982) was the effective ruler of the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982, at first in partnership with others. ... Colonel Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (Russian: Юрий Алексеевич Гагарин, Jurij Alekseevič Gagarin; March 9, 1934 – March 27, 1968), was a Soviet cosmonaut who in 1961 became the first human in space and the first human to orbit the Earth. ... Indira Priyadarśinī Gāndhī (Devanāgarī: इन्दिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गान्धी, IPA: ) (November 19, 1917 – October 31, 1984) was Prime Minister of India from January 19, 1966 to March 24, 1977, and again from January 14, 1980 until her assassination on October 31, 1984. ... Urho Kekkonen Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (September 3, 1900–August 31, 1986) was a Finnish politician who served as Prime Minister of Finland (1950-1953, 1954-1956) and later as President of Finland (1956–1981) and is many times referred as first dictator of Finland. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Russian: ; IPA: ); surname more accurately romanized as Khrushchyov; April 17, 1894 [O.S. April 5]–September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: , IPA: ) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was a senior political leader of the Indian National Congress, was a pivotal figure during the Indian independence movement and served as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Lidia Skoblikova was born in Zlatoust Soviet Union, March 8, 1939, some 60 km west of Chelyabinsk, Siberia. ... Dr. Spock (l) with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Mikhail Tal Mikhail Nekhemievich Tal (IPA: ; Latvian: ; Russian: ) (November 9, 1936 - June 28, 1992) was a Jewish Latvian chess player and the eighth World Chess Champion. ... 1963 USSR postage stamp depicting Valentina Tereshkova Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (Russian: ; born March 6, 1937), is a retired Soviet cosmonaut and was the first woman to fly in space, aboard Vostok 6 on the 16th of June 1963. ... Lev Ivanovich Yashin (Russian: ) (October 22, 1929 - March 20, 1990) was a Russian Soviet football (soccer) goalkeeper, arguably the best ever in the sport, known for his supreme athleticism in goal, imposing stature (he was 6 3, 189 cm) and amazing reflex saves. ...


Similar distinguished pioneer camps existed under jurisdictions of individual Soviet republics, e.g, Orlyonok in Russian SFSR and Zubryonok on Byelorussian SSR. In East Germany the Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation built a pioneer camp similar to Artek in 1952 at Werbellinsee north-east of Berlin. In law, jurisdiction (from the Latin jus, juris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak) is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area... Orlyonok (Russian:Орлёнок, Eaglet in English) was one of the main Soviet Young Pioneer camps in the past and is the main Children Center of Russia nowadays. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Last Chairman of the Supreme Council Boris Yeltsin Area  - Total  - % water 1st in former Soviet Union 17,075,200 km² 0. ... State motto: Пралетарыі ўсіх краін, яднайцеся! Belarusian: Workers of the world, unite! Official language None. ... GDR redirects here. ... The Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation, consisting of the Young Pioneers and the Thälmann Pioneers, was a youth organisation of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14, in East Germany. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


After the breaking up of the Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union in 1990 its prestige went down, but is has still been a popular vacational site. Soviet Young Pioneer (right) with her friend from Poland (left) in Artek. ...


At present, Artek belongs to Ukraine and is known as the "International Children's Center 'Artek' ". 60% of visitors arrive on a state subsidized or free basis. The beneficiaries are children from low income and large families, as well as orphans, handicapped, and gifted children. In 2005, full prices were in range 3,000-5,000 UAH, depending on the season and location. The hryvnia (Ukrainian гривня) has been the national currency of Ukraine since 1996 when it replaced the coupon (or karbovanets), the temporary currency used after Ukraine left the Soviet Union and the ruble zone. ...


In 2004 it was officially recognized by UNESCO as a site for implementation of international projects, in particular, during the UN Decade of Education (2005-2014). UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


In 2005, the year of Artek's 80th anniversary, Artek hosted about 13,000 children in ed camps under the supervision of about 2,000 of volunteer squad leaders managed by permanent pedagogical staff of over 200 in personnel, General Director Olga Guzar (Ольга Владимировна Гузар).


Traditionally, Artek provided a base (known as School of Pedagogues-Organizers) for hands-on training of students of pedagogical schools. This tradition has been continued today, known as "Humanitary Institute 'Artek' ". In 2005 students from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Moldova and Kazakhstan were trained there.


See Also

Orlyonok (Russian:Орлёнок, Eaglet in English) was one of the main Soviet Young Pioneer camps in the past and is the main Children Center of Russia nowadays. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Artek (camp)
  • The International Children Center Artek, official homepage.
  • Four weeks in Artek

  Results from FactBites:
 
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Artek (camp) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (529 words)
Artek (Russian: Арте́к) was the All-Union and international Young Pioneer camp in the Soviet Union.
Similar distinguished pioneer camps existed under jurisdictions of individual Soviet republics, e.g, Orlyonok in Russian SFSR and Zubryonok on Byelorussian SSR.
In East Germany the Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation built a pioneer camp similar to Artek in 1952 at Werbellinsee north-east of Berlin.
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