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Encyclopedia > Artaxiad Dynasty of Iberia

The Artaxiads (Georgian: არტაშესიანი, Artašesiani), a branch of the eponymous dynasty of Armenia ruled Iberia (ancient Georgia) from c. 90 BC to 30 AD. According to the medieval Georgian chronicles, they acquired the crown of Iberia after the Iberian nobles revolted against their king P’arnajom, of the Pharnabazid dynasty, and petitioned the king of Armenia to send his son, who was married to a Pharnabazid princess, as their new monarch. Both the king of Armenia and his son are referred to in the chronicles as “Arshak”, probably a confusion with Artaxias which seems to be taken as a general term in reference to the Artaxiad kings of Armenia. Professor Cyril Toumanoff identifies the king of Armenia of this account as Artavasdes I (r. c. 161-post-123 BC) and considers the newly installed Iberian king, Artaxias I (r. 90-78 BC), to have been his son.[1] The chronicle goes on to describe a great battle between a combined Iberian-Armenian army against P’arnajom and his followers. In the end, P’arnajom is defeated and killed, and thereafter the Armenian prince becomes the king of Iberia.[2] The Artaxiad Dynasty ruled Armenia from 189 BC until their overthrow by the Romans in AD 12. ... Ancient countries of Caucasus: Armenia, Iberia, Colchis and Albania Iberia was a name given by the ancient Greeks and Romans to the ancient Georgian kingdom of Kartli (4th century BC-5th century AD) corresponding roughly to the eastern and southern parts of the present day Georgia. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... The Pharnabazid or P’arnavaziani (Georgian: ) is the name of the first dynasty of Georgian kings of Kartli (Iberia) preserved by the Georgian historical tradition. ... Artaxias (also called Artaxes or Artashes) was the name of three kings of Armenia: Artaxias I, reigned 190 BC – 159 BC Artaxias II, reigned 34 BC – 20 BC Artaxias III, reigned 18 AD – 35 AD This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share... Prince Cyril Toumanoff (1913 – 1997) was a Russian-born historian and genealogist of Armeno-Georgian descent specialized in the history of Armenia and Georgia. ... External Links and References Armenica. ... A Reign is a period of time a person serves as a monarch or pope. ... Look up BC in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Little is known about the early years of the Iberian Artaxiad rule. They seem to have been under the influence of their Armenian cousins to whom Iberia had relinquished a significant portion of its territory. This association with the Armenian Artaxiads, who were at their acme during the reign of Tigranes the Great (r. 95-55 BC), brought about Iberia’s involvement in the Third Mithridatic War between the Pontus-Armenian alliance with Rome (75-65 BC). Plutarch and Licinius Macer inform us that the Iberian contingents featured prominently at the battles of Tigranocerta (69 BC) and Artaxata (68 BC). Even after the surrender of Tigranes to the mercy of Pompey, the Artaxiad king of Iberia Artoces (r. 78-63 BC) continued to offer a stubborn resistance to the invading Romans, but was eventually defeated and forced to plea for peace. This Artoces well-known to the Classical sources is apparently the Artag (Artog), son of Arshak/Artaxias, of the Georgian annals which surprisingly omit any mention of the Roman invasion, but instead report the king’s fighting with the “Persians”.[2] This article is about a king of Armenia in the 1st century BCE. For other historical figures with the same name (including other kings of Armenia) see Tigranes. ... Third Mithridatic War (75 - 65 BC) Mithridates VI had long been a thorn in Romes side, having launched two wars against the Roman Republic, in the early 1st century B.C. In response to the chaos in Rome, following the terror of Marius and Sullas dictatorship, the Empire... Traditional rural Pontic house A man in traditional clothes from Trabzon, illustration Pontus is the name which was applied, in ancient times, to extensive tracts of country in the northeast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) bordering on the Euxine (Black Sea), which was often called simply Pontos (the main), by... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Πλούταρχος; 46 - 127), better known in English as Plutarch, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist. ... Gaius Licinius Macer (d. ... Tigranocerta (also spelled Dikranagerd) was the capital of the Armenian Empire that Tigranes the Great founded (95‑56BC) south of the present city of Diyarbakır, Turkey. ... The Battle of Artaxata was fought in 68 BC between Rome and Armenia. ... For other meanings see Pompey (disambiguation). ... Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD...


Roman hegemony over Iberia proved to be impermanent, however, and, in 36 BC, the legate Publius Canidius Crassus had to lead his army into Iberia to force its king Pharnabazus into a new alliance with Rome. Neither Pharnabazus nor his relations with Rome are recorded in the Georgian chronicles whose narrative focuses on King Bartom, son of Artag, and his demise in the struggle with the once exile prince Mirian who eventually restored the Pharnabazid dynasty to the throne of Iberia. Modern scholars tend to identify Pharnabazus with Bartom and consider him the last in the Artaxiad line.[2] The word legate comes from the Latin legare (to send). It has several meanings, all related to representatives: A legate is a member of a diplomatic embassy. ... Publius Canidius Crassus (died 30 BC) was a Roman general and Antonius lieutenant. ... Mirian II (Mirvan) (92-20 BC), from the Parnavazian dynasty, was king of Caucasian Iberia in 32-23 BC. He was only a 1-year old, when his father King Farnadjom was dethroned and killed, and his throne given to the Armenian prince Arshak. ...


References

  1. ^ Toumanoff, Cyril. Chronology of the Early Kings of Iberia. Traditio 25 (1969), pp. 10-11.
  2. ^ a b c Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts, pp. 282-284. Peeters Bvba ISBN 90-429-1318-5.
  • (Georgian) Melikishvili, Giorgi et al. (1970), საქართველოს ისტორიის ნარკვევები (Studies in the History of Georgia), Vol. 1. Tbilisi: Sabch’ota Sakartvelo.

 
 

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