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Encyclopedia > Art photography

Fine art photography, or simply art photography, refers to high-quality archival photographic prints of pictures that are created to fulfill the creative vision of an individual professional. Such prints are reproduced, usually in limited editions, in order to be sold to dealers, collectors or curators, rather than mass reproduced in advertising or magazines. Prints will sometimes, but not always, be exhibited in an art gallery. The term special edition implies a kind of an extraordinary, rare quality. ... A curator of a cultural heritage institution (e. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ... This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ...


19th Century history

Successful attempts to make self-consiously "art" photography can be traced to Victorian practitioners such as Julia Margaret Cameron, Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, and Oscar Gustave Rejlander among others. Victorian can refer to: people from or attributes of places called Victoria (disambiguation page), including Victoria, Australia, people who lived during the British Victorian era of the 19th century, and aspects of the Victorian era, for example: Victorian architecture Victorian fashion Victorian morality Victorian literature This is a disambiguation page... Julia Jackson 1867 Julia Margaret Cameron (June 11, 1815 - January 26, 1879) was an British photographer. ... Photograph of Lewis Carroll taken by himself, with assistance Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (January 27, 1832 – January 14, 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll, was a British author, mathematician, Anglican clergyman, logician, and amateur photographer. ... Oscar Gustave Rejlander (Sweden 1813 – London 1875) was a pioneering Victorian art photographer. ...

20th Century history

Pictorialism was a popular movement in the early years of the twentieth century, that strove to make the photography as a much like a painting as possible. It produced little that is now deemed of lasting value in the art world, and its styles and approaches are now seen as outmoded. Pictorialism was a photographic movement of the early 20th century which subscribed to the idea that art photography needs to emulate the painting and etching of the time. ...

During the twentieth century, art photography became accepted by the English-speaking art world and the gallery system. In the USA, a small handful of curators spent their lives struggling to put it there; Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Steichen and John Szarkowski, and Hugh Edwards. Alfred Stieglitz, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1935 Alfred Stieglitz (January 1, 1864_July 13, 1946) was a US-born photographer who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an acceptable art form alongside painting and sculpture. ... Categories: Artist stubs | 1879 births | 1973 deaths | People from Luxembourg | Photographers ... John Szarkowski (b. ... Hugh Edwards (1903 - 1986). ...

Since the 1970s, many galleries have accepted that the best of documentary photography and photojournalism is worthy of being shown in the gallery situation alongside art photography. This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... Sports photojournalists at Indianapolis Motor Speedway Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a news story. ...

Traditionally, genre styles have predominated; nudes, portraits, natural landscapes (exemplified by Ansel Adams). Breakthrough 'star' artists in the 1970s and 80s, such as Sally Mann and Robert Mapplethorpe, still leant heavily on such genres, although seeing them with fresh eyes. The Tetons - Snake River (1942) by Ansel Adams Ansel Easton Adams (February 20, 1902 – April 22, 1984) was an American photographer born in San Francisco. ... Sally Mann (b. ... Robert Mapplethorpe (November 4, 1946 - March 9, 1989) was an [American]] photographer, famous for his large-scale, highly-stylized black & white portraits, photos of flowers and male nudes. ...

Throughout the twentieth century, there was a noticable increase in the size of prints. Small delicate prints in thin frames are now a rarity, and hi-gloss wall-sized prints are common. There is now a tendency to dispense with a frame and glass altogether and instead to print onto blocked canvas. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ...

Color photography is now preferred over black & white, and its validation was strongly aided by curator John Szarkowski. Historians generally point to the Szarkowski-curated William Eggleston show at MoMA in 1976 as the "breathrough of color". In England, the early work of Gilbert & George is cited as validating color in art photography. William Eggleston (born 1939) is an American photographer. ... General Electric GE90-115B fanblade, on display at MOMA. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... Gilbert Proesch (born in Italy September 11, 1943) and George Passmore (born in England January 8, 1942), better known as Gilbert & George, are artists. ...

American organisations, such as the Aperture Foundation and the Museum of Modern Art, have done much to keep photography at the forefront of the fine arts. Aperture is a renowned quarterly art photography magazine, and also a highly respected major publisher of nearly 500 books of fine art photographers. ... General Electric GE90-115B fanblade, on display at MOMA. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. ...

Current trends

There is now generally a preference for a careful staging and lighting of the picture, rather than hoping to "discover" it ready-made.

Medium-format and large-format cameras have been preferred by art photographers over 35mm, but with the rapid improvements in the high-end of digital photography this is now changing. Simulated 35 mm film with soundtracks _ The outermost strips (on either side) contain the SDDS soundtrack as an image of a digital signal. ... The Nikon Coolpix 950 Casio Exilim Digital photography, as opposed to film photography, uses an electronic sensor to record the image as a piece of electronic data rather than as chemical changes on film. ...

There are now some art-world tensions, between fine art photographers and what might be termed "artists with cameras" who often make use of a "snapshot aesthetic".

With the advent of digital photography and Photoshop, montage art photography has once again become popular; it is notably seen in the work of John Goto, who has inspired many imitators. Purely computer-generated digital art (fractals, etc) is usually clearly distinguished from fine-art photography. Adobe Photoshop is a bitmap graphics editor (with some text and vector graphics capabilities) published by Adobe Systems. ... MONTAGE MONTAGE [1] American pop group (1991-current) consisting of singer/songwriter Chris Jones, drummer/songwriter Andrew Doss and various guitarists. ... Digital art is art created on a computer in digital form. ... A fractal is a geometric object which can be divided into parts, each of which is similar to the original object. ...

No concerted attempt has been made to popularize fine art photography, beyond the market for book reproductions. It is generally considered that one has to have an 'educated eye' to really appreciate fine art photography. Since art photography is simply not on the agenda of schools and educationalists, the chance of developing a popular mass market remains limited.

According to Art Market Trends 2004 (PDF link) 7,000 photographs were sold in auction rooms in 2004, and photographs averaged a 7.6 percent annual price rise from 1994 and 2004. Around 80 percent were sold in the USA. A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ...

As printing technologies have improved since around 1980, a photographer's art prints reproduced in a finely-printed limited-edition book have now become an area of strong interest to collectors. 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...

The prestige of the label 'art photography' has led many to try to apply the label to a host of inferior products.

External links

  • MoMA Photography

  Results from FactBites:
What is Art? What is an Artist? PHOTOGRAPHY (483 words)
Photography became accepted in art because of its assistance in supplying the growing middle class patronage, therefore fulfilling their urge for immediate images and entertainment.
There are three views of photography commonly discussed in all realms of art by critics, painters, and photographers pertaining to whether photography is beneficial to art or whether it is art at all.
The first view is that photography is not an art because it is produced with a mechanical device and by chemical and physical phenomenon not by hand and inspiration.
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