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Encyclopedia > Art Deco
The Art Deco spire of the Chrysler Building in New York, built 1928–1930
The Art Deco spire of the Chrysler Building in New York, built 1928–1930

Art Deco was a popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939, affecting the decorative arts such as architecture, interior design, and industrial design, as well as the visual arts such as fashion, painting, the graphic arts, and film. This movement was, in a sense, an amalgam of many different styles and movements of the early 20th century, including Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, Bauhaus, Art Nouveau, and Futurism. Its popularity peaked in Europe during the Roaring Twenties[1] and continued strongly in the United States through the 1930s.[2] Although many design movements have political or philosophical roots or intentions, Art Deco was purely decorative. At the time, this style was seen as elegant, functional, and ultra modern. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 221 KB) Summary The top floors of the Chrysler building seen from the east on 42nd Street in morning light. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 221 KB) Summary The top floors of the Chrysler building seen from the east on 42nd Street in morning light. ... A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... Download high resolution version (1200x1792, 344 KB) Buffalo, NYs Art Deco Master Piece City Hall - Taken in 2004 by T.C. Weichmann File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1200x1792, 344 KB) Buffalo, NYs Art Deco Master Piece City Hall - Taken in 2004 by T.C. Weichmann File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Buffalo City Hall is the seat for local government in the City of Buffalo, New York. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... Old Executive Office Building, Washington D.C. Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, China In architecture, construction, engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following: Any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or An... This article is about building architecture. ... It has been suggested that Interior decoration be merged into this article or section. ... Industrial design is an applied art whereby the aesthetics and usability of products may be improved for marketability and production. ... The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... For other uses, see Fashion (disambiguation). ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... Graphic arts is a term applied historically to the art of printmaking and drawing. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Tatlin Tower. ... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... For the British gothic rock band, see Bauhaus (band). ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... For the film, see The Roaring Twenties. ...

Contents

History

After the Universal Exposition of 1900, various French artists formed a formal collective known as, La Société des artistes décorateurs (the society of the decorator artists). Founders included Hector Guimard, Eugène Grasset, Raoul Lachenal, Paul Follot, Maurice Dufrene, and Emile Decour. These artists heavily influenced the principles of Art Deco as a whole. This society's purpose was to demonstrate French decorative art's leading position and evolution internationally. They organized the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Art), which would feature French art and business interests. Russian artist Vadim Meller was awarded a gold medal for his scenic design there. The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a worlds fair held in Paris, France, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next. ... Designed in 1899, the Porte Dauphine station exhibits Guimards only surviving enclosed edicule of the Paris Métro. ... Eugène Grasset - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... The Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts) was a World fair held in Paris, France in 1925. ... Sketch of the decoration to the performance Hello, on the wave 477 1929 Vadym Meller (or Vadim Meller, 1884–1962) was a Ukrainian-Russian Soviet painter, avant-garde artist (Cubist, Constructivist), theatrical designer, book illustrator and architect. ... Scenic design also known as Stage design is the creation of theatrical scenery. ...


The initial movement was called Style Moderne.[citation needed] The term Art Deco was derived from the Exposition of 1925, though it was not until the late 1960s that this term was coined by art historian Bevis Hillier, and popularized by his 1968 book Art Deco of the 20s and 30s.[citation needed] In the summer of 1969, Hillier conceived organizing an exhibition called Art Deco at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, which took place from July to September 1971. After this event, interest in Art Deco peaked with the publication of Hillier's 1971 book The World of Art Deco, a record of the exhibition.[3] The Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts) was a World fair held in Paris, France in 1925. ... Bevis Hillier was born on 28 March 1940 in Redhill, Surrey. ... The Minneapolis Institute of Arts is an art museum located in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...


Sources and attributes

The structure of art deco is based on mathematical geometric shapes. It was widely considered to be an eclectic form of elegant and stylish modernism, being influenced by a variety of sources. Among them were the, so called, "primitive" arts of Africa, Ancient Egypt, and Aztec Mexico, as well as Machine Age or streamline technology such as modern aviation, electric lighting, the radio, the ocean liner and the skyscraper. These design influences were expressed in fractionated, crystalline, faceted forms of decorative Cubism and Futurism, in Fauvism's palette. Other popular themes in art deco were trapezoidal, zigzagged, geometric, and jumbled shapes, which can be seen in many early pieces. Two great examples of these themes and styles are in Detroit, Michigan: the Fisher Building and the Guardian Building.[4] A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Khafres Pyramid and the Great Sphinx of Giza, built about 2550 BC during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom,[1] are enduring symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a civilization in Northeastern Africa concentrated along the middle to lower reaches of the Nile River... Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A streamliner is any vehicle that incorporates streamlining to produce a shape that provides less resistance to air, and is more pleasing to the eye. ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... Not to be confused with lightning. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse, La Danse (second version), 1909 Hermitage Museum, St. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Built in 1928, the Fisher Building, a National Historic Landmark, has been nicknamed Detroits largest art object. Its setback and towering style was inspired by Mayan architecture, as were many buildings using the Neo-American Style movement. ... The Guardian Building The buildings lavish interior The Guardian Building is a historic skyscraper in downtown Detroit, Michigan. ...


Corresponding to these influences, Art Deco is characterized by use of materials such as aluminium, stainless steel, lacquer, inlaid wood, sharkskin (shagreen), and zebraskin. The bold use of stepped forms and sweeping curves (unlike the sinuous, natural curves of the Art Nouveau), chevron patterns, and the sunburst motif are typical of Art Deco. Some of these motifs were ubiquitous — for example, sunburst motifs were used in such varied contexts as ladies' shoes, radiator grilles, the auditorium of the Radio City Music Hall, and the spire of the Chrysler Building. Aluminum redirects here. ... The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... Shagreen is a type of roughened untanned leather, formerly made from a horses back, or that of an onager (wild ass), and typically dyed green. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... A chevron (also spelled cheveron, especially in older documents) is a V-shaped pattern. ... Radio City Music Hall at Christmas 2005 Radio City Music Hall is an entertainment venue located in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ...


Art Deco was an opulent style, and its lavishness is attributed to reaction to the forced austerity imposed by World War I. Its rich, festive character fitted it for "modern" contexts, including the Golden Gate Bridge, interiors of cinema theaters (a prime example being the Paramount Theater in Oakland, California) and ocean liners such as the Île de France, the Queen Mary, and Normandie. Art Deco was employed extensively throughout America's train stations in the 1930s[5], designed to reflect the modernity and efficiency of the train. The first Art Deco train station in the United States was the Union Station in Omaha, Nebraska.[6] [7] The unveiling of Streamline trains paralleled the construction of the Art Deco stations. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening into the San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean. ... The Paramount Theater (2005). ... Oakland is the name of several places in the United States of America: Oakland, Alabama Oakland, California (The best-known city with this name) Oakland, Florida Oakland, Maine Oakland, Maryland Oakland, Michigan Oakland, Missouri Oakland, Nebraska Oakland, New Jersey Oakland, Oklahoma Oakland, Oregon Oakland, Pennsylvania Oakland, Rhode Island Oakland, Tennessee... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The SS ÃŽle de France was the first major ocean liner built after the conclusion of World War I and was the first liner ever decorated with the Art Deco designs. ... Queen Mary 1936 RMS Queen Mary is an ocean liner that sailed the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967 for Cunard Line (then Cunard White Star Line). ... The Normandie was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire France for Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. ... The Durham Western Heritage Museum, is located at 801 South 10th Street in downtown Omaha, Nebraska. ... Omaha redirects here. ...

1942 Nash Ambassador Slipstream sedan
1942 Nash Ambassador Slipstream sedan

A parallel movement called Streamline Moderne, or simply Streamline, followed close behind. Streamline was influenced by the modern aerodynamic designs emerging from advancing technologies in aviation, ballistics, and other fields requiring high velocity. The attractive shapes resulting from scientifically applied aerodynamic principles were enthusiastically adopted within Art Deco, applying streamlining techniques to other useful objects in everyday life, such as the automobile. Although the Chrysler Airflow design of 1933 was commercially unsuccessful, it provided the lead for more conservatively designed pseudo-streamlined vehicles. These "streamlined" forms began to be used even for mundane and static objects such as pencil sharpeners and refrigerators. Image File history File links Nash_Ambassador_Slipstream_4-door_sedan. ... Image File history File links Nash_Ambassador_Slipstream_4-door_sedan. ... An advertising image featuring the 1934 Nash Ambassador. ... Bathers building, now a Maritime Museum at San Franciscos Aquatic Park, 1937, evokes a streamlined double–ended ferryboat Judges tower at San Franciscos Aquatic Park The Bauhaus style, also kown as Art Moderne, the International Style or Streamline Moderne succeeded the closely related Art Deco style... Car redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Art Deco style celebrates the Machine Age through explicit use of man-made materials (particularly glass and stainless steel), symmetry, repetition, modified by Asian influences such as the use of silks and Middle Eastern designs. It was strongly adopted in the United States during the Great Depression for its practicality and simplicity, while still portraying a reminder of better times and the "American Dream". This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see American Dream (disambiguation). ...


Decorative arts

”Illustration for Vida Magazine by Santiago Martinez Delgado (1939)”
”Illustration for Vida Magazine by Santiago Martinez Delgado (1939)”

Among the decorative arts during this period, architecture and sculpture are easier to recognize than other forms of Art Deco, for they experienced the greatest popularity and with greater longevity than others, such as lacquering, glass work, and industrial design. Popular sculptors include (in alphetical order): Rene Paul Chambellan, Marshall Fredericks, C. Paul Jennewein, and Joseph Kiselewski. Lee Lawrie, Paul Manship. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Shrine of the Little Flower, Royal Oak, Michigan Rene Paul Chambellan (September 15, 1893 – November 29, 1955) was an American sculptor, born in West Hoboken, New Jersey. ... Spirit of Detroit, dressed up for the Stanley Cup Finals Marshall Maynard Fredericks was an American sculptor who was born in Rock Island, Illinois on January 31, 1908 and died in Birmingham, Michigan on April 4, 1998. ... Pediment, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Carl Paul Jennewein (December 2, 1890 - February 23, 1978) American sculptor, was born in Stuttgart, Germany and arrived in the United States in 1907. ... Sculptor Joseph Kiselewski, 1901-1986, was born in Minnesota, graduating from the Minneapolis School of Art. ... Grill work from Education Building, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Lee Oscar Lawrie (October 16, 1877 - January 23, 1963) was one of Americas foremost architectural sculptors and a key figure in the American art scene preceding World War II. His work includes the details on the Capitol building in Lincoln, Nebraska and... Paul Howard Manship (December 24, 1885 - January 28, 1966) was a prominent American sculptor of the early 20th century. ...


Architects of this time include Albert Anis, Ernest Cormier, Banister Flight Fletcher, Bruce Goff, Charles Holden, Raymond Hood, Ely Jacques Kahn, Edwin Lutyens, William van Alen, Wirt C. Rowland, Giles Gilbert Scott, Joseph Sunlight, Ralph Walker, Thomas Wallis, and Owen Williams. The Mantell Plaza - Miami Beach Albert Anis (1889-1964), was a renowned Art Deco Architect. ... Ernest Cormier (December 5, 1885-January 1, 1980) was a Quebec engineer and architect who spent much of his career in the Montreal area, erecting notable examples of Art Deco and International style architecture. ... The Gillette Factory on the Great West Road, Brentford, Middlesex. ... Bruce Alonzo Goff (June 8, 1904 – August 4, 1982) was an American architect. ... Charles Henry Holden (12 May 1875 - 1 May 1960) was an English architect known for his designs of stations on the London Underground railway system. ... Raymond M. Hood (March 29, 1881 - August 14, 1934) was an early-mid twentieth century architect who worked in the Art Deco style. ... Ely Jacques Kahn (1884 - 1972) was an American commercial architect most active in New York City between 1925 and 1931. ... Edwin Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was a leading 20th century British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. ... William Van Alen (1883 - May 24, 1954) was best known as the architct in charge of New York Citys Chrysler Building. ... Guardian Building, Detroit, 1979 Wirt Clinton Rowland (December 1, 1887 - November 30, 1946) was an American architect best known for his work in Detroit, Michigan. ... Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, OM, FRIBA (November 9, 1880 – February 8, 1960) was an English architect known for his work on such buildings as Liverpool Cathedral and Battersea Power Station. ... Joseph Sunlight (January 2, 1889 (December 20, 1888 (O.S.)) - April 15, 1978), was a Russian/ English architect whose energy amassed him a great fortune in Manchester and left at least one fine building in Sunlight House. ... Ralph Thomas Walker (1889–1973) was a United States architect. ... Wallis, Gilbert and Partners were a British architectural partnership responsible for the design of many Art Deco buildings in the UK in the 1920s and 1930s. ... Sir Owen Williams (b. ...


Other forms of decorative art were very focused on elegance, dynamic design, and bright colours, while expressing practical modernity. Many popular interior designers of this period were also furniture designers. Artists like Santiago Martinez Delgado, Tamara de Lempicka, Eileen Gray, Jules Leleu, and Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann all fit into this category. Master Santiago Martinez Delgado. ... The Musician (1929), oil on canvas by Tamara de Lempicka Tamara de Lempicka (May 16, 1898 – March 18, 1980), noted Art Deco painter, was born Maria Górska in Warsaw, Poland. ... Eileen Gray Bibendum chair by Eileen Gray E1027 table by Eileen Gray Early Photograph of Eileen Grays E-1027 villa. ... --212. ... Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann (28 August 1879, Paris - 1933), his first names often seen reversed as Jacques-Émile, was a renowned French designer of furniture and interiors, epitomising for many the glamour of the French Art Deco style of the 1920s. ...


A select few industrial designers were extremely popular, such as Walter Dorwin Teague, Maurice Ascalon, and Donald Deskey. Other notable artists were Georg Jensen (silversmith), Jean Dunand (lacquer), Edgar Brandt (wrought iron), Harry Clarke (stained glass) and Cartier (clocks and jewelry). Walter Dorwin Teague (December 18, 1883 - December 5, 1960) was an Art Deco designer. ... Maurice Ascalon at the Castello Sforzesco in Milan, Italy circa 1934 Maurice Ascalon hammering The Scholar, The Laborer, and The Toiler of the Soil for the 1939 New York Worlds Fair Maurice Ascalons The Scholar, The Laborer, and The Toiler of the Soil copper relief sculpture. ... Donald Deskey was a design pioneer. ... Georg Jensen is an important Danish silversmith and designer. ... Jean Dunand (1877-1942) was a Swiss lacquer, sculptor, dinandier and interior designer Hes considered the greatest lacquer of ther Art Deco period. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A Harry Clarke window Over £1 million was spent in 1922 commissioning a set of Harry Clarke window in the Presentation Sisters convent on Green Street, Dingle. ... Ring-Design > Cartier 1969. ...


Decline

Art Deco slowly lost patronage in the West after reaching mass production, when it began to be derided as gaudy and presenting a false image of luxury. Eventually, the style was cut short by the austerities of World War II. In colonial countries such as India and the Philippines, it became a gateway for Modernism and continued to be used well into the 1960s. Before destruction in World War II, Manila demonstrated many Art Deco buildings; a symbol of the American colonial past. Theatres and Office Buildings have been lost in the war and recently demolished and abandoned for new development. A resurgence of interest in Art Deco came with graphic design in the 1980s, where its association with film noir and 1930s glamour led to its use in ads for jewelry and fashion. South Beach in Miami Beach, Florida has the largest collection of Art Deco architecture remaining in North America, as well as a section of Tulsa, Oklahoma. Napier, New Zealand has an almost entirely Art Deco town centre, rebuilt after a devastating earthquake, and mostly left unchanged since then. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Graphics are often utilitarian and anonymous,[1] as these pictographs from the US National Park Service illustrate. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... South Beach A portion of the southern part of the South Beach skyline as seen from Biscayne Bay. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Oklahoma Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tulsa, Osage, Rogers Government  - Mayor Kathy Taylor (D) Area  - City 186. ... The T & G Building (Atkin & Mitchell, Wellington, 1936) Napier (Ahuriri in Māori) is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. ... The Hawkes Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on Tuesday February 3, 1931, killing 256[1] and devastating the Hawkes Bay region. ...


Appropriate to the rich diversity of sources, some of the finest surviving examples of Art Deco art and architecture are found in Cuba, especially in Havana. Just as the 1950s automobiles from the U.S. have been preserved and restored, so has the Office of the Historian of Havana been restoring these buildings for the past ten years. The Bacardi Building is the best known of these; however, the style is found throughout all the districts of the city of Havana and in all the cities of Cuba. The style is expressed in the architecture of residences, businesses, hotels, and many pieces of decorative art, furniture, and utensils in these public buildings, as well as in private homes. [8] This article is about the capital of Cuba. ...


Another country with many examples of rich Art Deco architecture is Brazil, in cities like Cipó (Bahia), Iraí (Rio Grande do Sul) or even Rio de Janeiro, especially in Copacabana. The reason for the style being so widespread in Brazil is the coincidence with the quick growth and radical economic changes in the country during 1930-1940.


Art Deco in 1930s house design in the UK

Dwelling house design during the 1930s in the UK was also very much influenced by Art Deco. Straight white-rendered house frontages rising to flat roofs, sharply geometric door surrounds, Egyptian motifs, tall windows as well as convex curved metal corner windows or even round bull's eye windows (reminiscent of ocean liner design), all were characteristic of that period.[9]


However, due to the double-glazing transformations during the last thirty years or so in the UK, many of the original Art Deco window features have been lost and replaced by much more undefined styles.


The 1930s were and remain the point at which the greatest construction of homes built specifically for sale took place in the UK. In spite of some classic art deco features being lost during remodelling in subsequent decades, the sheer proliferation of houses which remain from the period mean many fine examples of art deco housing can still be viewed.


Of particular note in the typical "1930s semi" are sunrise symbol motif doors, garden gates and garages as well as the infamous suntrap window (featuring a distinct one sided curve) and the linear form of the famous "critall" window. Inside such homes, features such as monochrome wall and floor tiling and bakelite door knobs in simple geometric designs, sometimes with deco flourished finger plates or escutcheons.


Fine examples of luxurious art deco homes now exist withing the framework of organisations such as English Heritage or The National Trust in the UK. Both organisation seek to maintain and restore historic homes and have a programme of payed public access. A particularly beautiful example is Eltham Palace, built in 1936 by Stephen and Virginia Courtauld, close to the ruins of Henry VIII's boyhood home in London. It features a large, circular reception room with a glass roof, beautifully impressive bath, bed and dining rooms and all of the original furnishings and features, including a house wide radio system and an arterial vacuum cleaning system. The standard of English Heritage English Heritage is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government (Department for Culture, Media and Sport) with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... Many countries have an organisation called The National Trust or something similar. ... Eltham Palace Eltham Palace is a large house in Eltham, London, United Kingdom (Map Ref: TQ424740 , ), currently owned by English Heritage and open to the public. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Modern applications

Marlin Hotel - Art Deco architecture on Collins Ave. - Miami Beach
Marlin Hotel - Art Deco architecture on Collins Ave. - Miami Beach

Although Art Deco fell out of vogue in the 1940s, it has had small rebirths over subsequent decades. Its designs frequently appear in modern architecture, entertainment, and media when a "classic retro" look is sought. In media, such examples are obvious in Batman: The Animated Series from the early 1990s in which the show's creators used Art Deco styling fused with a deliberate darkness to create an Art Deco variant style often referred to as Dark Deco. Films such as Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow, Dick Tracy, and King Kong have various Art Deco elements as well. In Marilyn Manson's The Golden Age of Grotesque, he demonstrates an Art Deco style mixed with his Gothic trademark. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 684 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (794 × 696 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 684 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (794 × 696 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Miami Beach is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow is a film released on September 17, 2004 in the United States. ... Dick Tracy is a 1990 film based upon the Dick Tracy comic strip character created by Chester Gould. ... King Kong is a 2005 remake of the 1933 King Kong film about a fictional giant ape called Kong. ... Marilyn Manson is a rock band based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Golden Age of Grotesque is the fifth full length album by Marilyn Manson released in 2003. ...


In Long Beach, California, much of the recent city development has been presented in an Art Deco-like, postmodern style. Similarly, Downtown Disney in Anaheim, California has an Art Deco-themed section. A section of the planned community of Ladera Ranch, California, has a shopping center themed to Art Deco. Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... 1000 de La Gauchetière, with ornamented and strongly defined top, middle and bottom. ... Downtown Disney is the name of an outdoor shopping, dining, and entertainment area; there are locations in two Disney resorts: Downtown Disney (California), at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California Downtown Disney (Florida), at the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida Categories: Disney parks and attractions ... Anaheim redirects here. ... Ladera Ranch is an unincorporated planned community located in Orange County, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Similarly in Santa Ana, California, new development has looked to replicate and complement the historical Art Deco structures already there. Location of Santa Ana within Orange County, California. ...


In Singapore, the Parkview Square building , completed in 2002, is built in an Art Deco style and includes an Art Deco styled lobby. Signature crane sculpture at Parkview Square Parkview Square is an office building located in the Downtown Core Planning Area, Central Region, Singapore. ...


Art Deco can also be seen in the graphic design of various video games, such as BioShock and the Fallout series, which use it to give their high tech settings a retro-futuristic feel. The film noir-type adventure game Grim Fandango largely takes place in a very pronounced Art Deco environment, and the strategy game Sim City 4 has similar influences as well. BioShock is a first-person shooter[10] video game by 2K Boston/2K Australia (previously Irrational Games),[11] designed by Ken Levine. ... Fallout is a series of computer role-playing games produced and published by Interplay. ... The jet pack, an icon of the future, appearing on an August 1928 issue of Amazing Stories science-fiction magazine. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... Grim Fandango is a graphical adventure computer game released by LucasArts in 1998. ... SimCity 4 is the fourth computer game in the SimCity series of games. ...


Shanghai had a distinct Art Deco style. Today, some Shanghainese are attempting to save that architecture. For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...


Gallery

References

  1. ^ Kanne-Kruike. Art Deco
  2. ^ Peter Hart. How Art Deco Came To Be. University Times, Volume 36, Number 4, October 9, 2003. University of Pittsburgh.
  3. ^ Hillier, Bevis The World of Art Deco New York:1971--E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc. ISBN 9780525482383 ISBN 0525482385
  4. ^ Savage, Rebecca Binno and Greg Kowalski (2004). Art Deco in Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia. ISBN 0-7385-3228-2.
  5. ^ (nd) "Art Deco Train Stations". Retrieved 7/16/07.
  6. ^ Johnson, C. (2001) Union Pacific and Omaha Union Station:A History pf Union Pacific Railroad Passenger Station in Omaha, Nebraska 1866-1971. South Platte Press. pp. 24. Retrieved 7/8/07.
  7. ^ Durham Western Heritage Museum. (nd) Museum Exterior Architecture. Retrieved 7/14/07.
  8. ^ Hillier, Bevis The World of Art Deco New York: Dutton) 1971 ISBN 9780525482383 ISBN 0525482385, passim.
  9. ^ http://www.homebuilding.co.uk/Design.Features.asp?Action=View&ID=255
  10. ^ http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/asheville/cit.htm National Park Service - Register of Historic Places

is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

A 1933 Century of Progress worlds fair poster The Century of Progress International Exposition was a Worlds Fair held in Chicago, Illinois from 1933-1934 to celebrate Chicagos centennial. ... Trylon, Perisphere and Helicline photo by Sam Gottscho The 1939-40 New York Worlds Fair, located on the current site of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964-1965 New York Worlds Fair), was one of the largest worlds fairs of all time. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Corrado Giuseppe Parducci (March 10, 1900 - November 22, 1981) was an American architectural sculptor. ... // Art Deco is a truely international style. ... Built in 1928, the Fisher Building, a National Historic Landmark, has been nicknamed Detroits largest art object. Its setback and towering style was inspired by Mayan architecture, as were many buildings using the Neo-American Style movement. ... Francisco Salamone (1897-1959) was an Argentine architect who between 1936 and 1940 built more than 60 municipal buildings with elements of Art Deco style in 25 rural communities on the Argentine Pampas within the Buenos Aires Province. ... The Guardian Building The buildings lavish interior The Guardian Building is a historic skyscraper in downtown Detroit, Michigan. ... The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1927) The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1930) The International style was a major architectural style of the 1920s and 1930s. ... This is a list of buildings that are examples of Art Deco. ... This page is a list of all historically significant Art Deco and Moderne buildings in the Melbourne metropolitan area. ... This page is a list of all historically significant Art Deco and Moderne buildings in Tasmania. ... The T & G Building (Atkin & Mitchell, Wellington, 1936) Napier (Ahuriri in Māori) is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. ... Photograph of Oliver P. Bernard from the Boston Globe Oliver Percy Bernard MC OBE (8 April 1881 – 15 April 1939) was an English architect, and scenic, graphic and industrial designer. ... Bathers building, now a Maritime Museum at San Franciscos Aquatic Park, 1937, evokes a streamlined double–ended ferryboat Judges tower at San Franciscos Aquatic Park The Bauhaus style, also kown as Art Moderne, the International Style or Streamline Moderne succeeded the closely related Art Deco style... Sketch of the decoration to the performance Hello, on the wave 477 1929 Vadym Meller (or Vadim Meller, 1884–1962) was a Ukrainian-Russian Soviet painter, avant-garde artist (Cubist, Constructivist), theatrical designer, book illustrator and architect. ... Guardian Building, Detroit, 1979 Wirt Clinton Rowland (December 1, 1887 - November 30, 1946) was an American architect best known for his work in Detroit, Michigan. ...

Bibliography and further reading

  • Applegate, Judith. Intro. by Elayne H. Varian, Art Deco (New York Finch College Museum Of Art).
  • Bayer, Patricia, Art Deco Architecture Design, Decoration and Detail from the Twenties and Thirties. (London: Thames & Hudson, 1999) ISBN 0500281491, ISBN 978-0500281499.
  • Benton, Charlotte (Author), Tim Benton (Author), Ghislaine Wood (Author), Oriana Baddeley (Collaborator). Art Deco: 1910-1939 (Little Brown & Co., 2003). ISBN 9780821228340 ISBN 082122834X.
  • Breeze, Carla, American Art Deco: Modernistic Architecture and Regionalism (Norton, WW & Co., 2003). ISBN 0500281491; ISBN 978-0500281499.
  • Gallagher, Fiona, Christie's Art Deco (Watson Guptill Publications, 2002) ISBN 1862055092.
  • Hillier, Bevis The World of Art Deco (New York, E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1971) ISBN 9780525482383 ISBN 0525482385.
  • Ray, Gordon N.; Tansell, G. Thomas, Ed., The Art Deco Book In France. The Bibliographical Society of The University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 2005) ISBN 1883631122.
  • Savage, Rebecca Binno and Greg Kowalski. Art Deco in Detroit (Images of America). (Arcadia, 2004). ISBN 0-7385-3228-2.
  • Unes, Wolney. Identidade Art Deco de Goiânia. (Ateliê, 2003). ISBN 85-7480090-2.

External links (alphabetical by geographic location)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Art Deco
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the worlds largest and finest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see articles: History of painting, Western painting Clio, muse of heroic poetry and history, by Pierre Mignard, 17th century. ... International Gothic is a subset of Gothic art developed in Burgundy, Bohemia and northern Italy in the late 1300s and early 1400s. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and Wife by Jan van Eyck (1434). ... In Parmigianinos Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-40), Mannerism makes itself known by elongated proportions, affected poses, and unclear perspective. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... A style of 18th century French art and interior design, Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that... Romantics redirects here. ... For other uses, see Realism (disambiguation). ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Camille Pissarro, Haying at Eragny, 1889, Private Collection Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1910, to describe the development of European art since Manet. ... Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by the French art critic Félix Fénéon in 1887[1] to characterise the late-19th century art movement led by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, who first exhibited their work in 1884 at the exhibition of the Société des Artistes... Chromoluminarism is a technique used by Neo-impressionists such Georges Seurat (1859-1891). ... Detail from Seurats La Parade (1889), showing the contrasting dots of paint used in pointillism. ... The Yellow Christ (Le Christ jaune) 1889, oil on canvas Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York Cloisonnism is a style of post-Impressionist painting with bold forms separated by dark contours. ... Nabis (or Les Nabis; the prophets, from the Hebrew term for prophet) was a group of young post-impressionist avant-garde Parisian artists of the 1890s that influenced the fine arts and graphic arts in France at the turn of the 20th century. ... Synthetism is a style of painting that developed out of Cloisonnism. ... Thomas Coles View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm, or The Oxbow, 1836 The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. ... 20th Century Art begins with Impressionism through to contemporary art. ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... Pablo Picasso, Le guitariste, 1910 Juan Gris, Portrait of Picasso, 1912, oil on canvas Georges BraqueWoman with a guitar, 1913 Juan Gris, Still Life with Fruit Dish and Mandolin, 1919, oil on canvas Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic, 1912 Cubism... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ... The Neue Künstlervereinigung München, abbreviated NKVM, (German:Munich New Artists Association) formed in 1909 in Munich. ... Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac. ... Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905. ... DaDa is a concept album by Alice Cooper, released in 1983. ... Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse, La Danse (second version), 1909 Hermitage Museum, St. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... For the British gothic rock band, see Bauhaus (band). ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956) is one of the earliest works to be considered pop art. ... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... This term is not to be confused with supremacism. ... Max Ernst. ... Color Field painting is an abstract style that emerged in the 1950s after Abstract Expressionism and is largely characterized by abstract canvases painted primarily with large areas of solid color. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... Installation art uses sculptural materials and other media to modify the way we experience a particular space. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... Postmodern art is a term used to describe art which is thought to be in contradiction to some aspect of modernism, or to have emerged or developed in its aftermath. ... Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. ... The Spiral Jetty from atop Rozel Point, in mid-April 2005. ... This article is about Performance art. ... Video art is a type of art which relies on moving pictures and is comprised of video and/or audio data. ... Neo-expressionism was a style of modern painting that emerged in the late 1970s and dominated the art market until the mid-1980s. ... Adolf Wölflis Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain, 1910 The term Outsider Art was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut (which literally translates as Raw Art or Rough Art), a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created... Cover Art by Mark Ryden Cover Art by Joe Coleman Todd Schorr, Futility in the Face of a Hostile World, 2003. ... New media art (also known as media art) is a generic term used to describe art related to, or created with, a technology invented or made widely available since the mid-20th Century. ... The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living by Damien Hirst (1991). ... The logo on the Stuckism International web site Stuckism is an art movement that was founded in 1999 in Britain by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson to promote figurative painting in opposition to conceptual art. ... As defined in the glossary of Nicolas Bourriauds book Relational Aesthetics, Relational (Art) is: a set of artistic practices which take as their theoretical and practical point of departure the whole of human relations and their social context, rather than an independent and private space. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Modern architecture, not to be confused with contemporary architecture, is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... Future Systems blobitecture design for the 2003 Selfridges department store, was intended to evoke the female sillouette and a famous chainmail dress designed by Paco Rabanne in the 1960s. ... Brutalism is an architectural style that spawned from the modernist architectural movement and which flourished from the 1950s to the 1970s. ... Constructivist architecture was a form of modern architecture that flourished in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s. ... The Sydney Opera House - designed to evoke the sails of yachts in Sydney harbour Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of meaning in Modern Architecture by using contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Libeskinds Imperial War Museum North in Manchester comprises three apparently intersecting curved volumes. ... Expressionist architecture occurs in architecture when an architect distorts a building or design for an emotional effect. ... Functionalism, in architecture, is the principle that architects should design a building based on the purpose of that building. ... Perspective drawing from La Citta Nuova by SantElia, 1914. ... The Space Needle, built for Seattles 1962 Worlds Fair GoogIe (with a capital i) redirects here. ... An architecture style developed in the 1970s, High Tech Architecture got its name from High Tech: The Industrial Style and Source Book for The Home, a book published in 1978 by Joan Kron and Suzanne Slesin. ... The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1927) The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1930) The International style was a major architectural style of the 1920s and 1930s. ... Jugendstil is defined as a style of architecture or decorative art similar to Art Nouveau, popular in German-speaking areas of Europe during the late 19th and early 20th centuries [1]. Jugendstil was also popular in the Nordic countries, where it became integrated with the National Romantic Style. ... Mid-Century modern is an architectural, interior and product design form that generally describes post-war developments in modern design from roughly 1949 to 1965. ... Modernisme in Catalan, (not to be confused with modernism) is the Catalan variant of Art Nouveau. ... Walter Gropius Bauhaus, Dessau For the literary and artistic aspects of this movement, see New Objectivity. ... Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world through design approaches so sympathetic and well integrated with its site that buildings, furnishings, and surroundings become part of a unified, interrelated composition. ... It has been suggested that Prairie Houses be merged into this article or section. ... 1000 de La Gauchetière, with ornamented and strongly defined top, middle and bottom. ... Bathers building, now a Maritime Museum at San Franciscos Aquatic Park, 1937, evokes a streamlined double–ended ferryboat Judges tower at San Franciscos Aquatic Park The Bauhaus style, also kown as Art Moderne, the International Style or Streamline Moderne succeeded the closely related Art Deco style... Sustainable architecture applies techniques of sustainable design to architecture. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
ArchitectureWeek - Culture - Art Deco South Beach - 2002.1030 (255 words)
The historic "art deco" district of South Beach, in Miami, Florida, is arguably one of the most successful urban restoration projects in the history of American architecture.
The art deco movement drew inspiration from the modern art movements, particularly the concept of multiple points of view of cubism, and the themes of machines and motion in futurism.
Although it was similar in context and emphasis to the decorative style of "art nouveau," a stronger connection to modernism distinguished art deco.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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