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Encyclopedia > Arson
Criminal law
Part of the common law series
Elements of crimes
Actus reus  · Causation  · Concurrence
Mens rea  · Intention (general)
Intention in English law  · Recklessness
Willful blindness  · Criminal negligence
Ignorantia juris non excusat
Vicarious liability  · Corporate liability
Strict liability
Classes of crimes
Felony/Indictable  · Hybrid offence
Misdemeanor/Summary
Infraction
Lesser included offense
Crimes against the person
Assault  · Battery  · Robbery
Kidnapping  · Rape
Mayhem  · Manslaughter  · Murder
Crimes against property
Burglary  · Larceny  · Arson
Embezzlement  · False pretenses
Extortion  · Forgery  · Computer crime
Crimes against justice
Obstruction of justice  · Bribery
Perjury  · Misprision of felony
Inchoate offenses
Solicitation  · Attempt
Conspiracy  · Accessory
Subsets
Criminal procedure
Criminal defenses
Other areas of the common law
Contract law · Tort law  · Property law
Wills and trusts  · Evidence
Portals: Law  · Criminal justice
The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004.
The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004.

Arson, called fireraising in Scots law, is the crime of setting a fire for an unlawful or improper purpose. The criminal damage of property in English law has been consolidated into a single offence in the Criminal Damage Act 1971 although the use of the word has been retained. Image File history File links Scale_of_justice. ... Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Actus reus is the action (or inaction, in the case of criminal negligence and similar crimes which are sometimes called acts of omission) which, in combination with the mens rea (guilty mind), produces criminal liability in common law based criminal law jurisdictions such as the United States, United Kingdom. ... In law, causation is the name given to the process of testing whether defendants should be fixed with liability for the outcome to their acts and omissions that injure or cause loss to others. ... For other uses, see concurrency. ... The mens rea is the Latin term for guilty mind used in the criminal law. ... In the criminal law, intention is one of the three general classes of mens rea necessary to constitute a conventional as opposed to strict liability crime. ... In English criminal law, intention is one of the types of mens rea (Latin for guilty mind) that, when accompanied by an actus reus (Latin for guilty act) constitutes a crime. ... In the criminal law, recklessness (sometimes also termed willful blindness which may have a different meaning in the United States) is one of the three possible classes of mental state constituting mens rea (the Latin for guilty mind). To commit an offence of ordinary as opposed to strict liability, the... Willful blindess is a term used in law to describe a situation in which an individual seeks to avoid civil or criminal liability for a wrongful act by intentionally putting himself in a position where he will be unaware of facts which would render him liable. ... Criminal negligence, in the realm of criminal common law, is a legal term of art for a state of mind which is careless, inattentive, neglectful, willfully blind, or reckless; it is the mens rea part of a crime which, if occurring simultaneously with the actus reus, gives rise to criminal... It has been suggested that presumed knowledge of the law be merged into this article or section. ... The legal principle of vicarious liability applies to hold one person liable for the actions of another when engaged in some form of joint or collective activity. ... In the criminal law, corporate liability determines the extent to which a corporation as a fictitious person can be liable for the acts and omissions of the natural persons it employs. ... In criminal law, strict liability is liability where mens rea (Latin for guilty mind) does not have to be proved in relation to one or more elements comprising the actus reus (Latin for guilty act) although intention, recklessness or knowledge may be required in relation to other elements of the... The term felony is used for very serious crimes, whereas misdemeanors are considered to be less serious offenses. ... In many common law jurisdictions (e. ... A hybrid offence or dual offence are the special offences in Canadian criminal law where the prosecution may choose whether to proceed with a summary offence or an indictment. ... A misdemeanors (or misdemeanour), in many common law legal systems, is a lesser criminal act. ... Infraction as a general term means a violation of a rule or local ordinance or regulation, promise or obligation. ... A lesser included offense, in criminal law, is a crime for which all of the elements necessary to impose liability are also elements found in a more serious crime. ... In many common law jurisdictions, the crime of battery involves an injury or other contact upon the person of another in a manner likely to cause bodily harm. ... Mayhem, under the common law of crimes, consisted of the intentional and wanton removal of a body part that would handicap a persons ability to defend themselves in combat. ... In the United States, larceny is a common law crime involving stealing. ... False pretenses is a common law crime. ... Extortion is a criminal offense, which occurs when a person obtains money, behaviour, or other goods and/or services from another by wrongfully threatening or inflicting harm to this person, reputation, or property. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... Computer Crime, Cybercrime, E-Crime, Hi-Tech Crime or Electronic Crime generally refers to criminal activity where a computer or network is the tool, target, or place of a crime. ... Modern Obstruction of Justice, in a common law state, refers to the crime of offering interference of any sort to the work of police, investigators, regulatory agencies, prosecutors, or other (usually government) officials. ... Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ... Perjury is the act of lying or making verifiably false statements on a material matter under oath or affirmation in a court of law or in any of various sworn statements in writing. ... Misprision of felony, under the common law of England, was the crime of failing to report knowledge of a felony to the appropriate authorities. ... An inchoate offense is a crime. ... Solicitation is a crime; it is an inchoate offense that consists of a person inciting, counseling, advising, urging, or commanding another to commit a crime with the specific intent that the person solicited commit the crime. ... The crime of attempt occurs when a person does an act amounting to more than mere preparation for a criminal offense, with specific intent to commit a crime, if that act tends but fails to effect the commission of the offense intended. ... In the criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more natural persons to break the law at some time in the future, and, in some cases, with at least one overt act in furtherance of that agreement. ... An accessory is a person who assists in or conceals a crime, but does not actually participate in the commission of the crime. ... Criminal procedure refers to the legal process for adjudicating claims that someone has violated the criminal law. ... A contract is any promise or set of promises made by one party to another for the breach of which the law provides a remedy. ... In the common law, a tort is a civil wrong for which the law provides a remedy. ... Property law is the area of law that governs the various forms of ownership in real property (land as distinct from personal or movable possessions) and in personal property, within the common law legal system. ... In the common law, a will or testament is a document by which a person (the testator) regulates the rights of others over his property or family after death. ... The law of trusts and estates is generally considered the body of law which governs the management of personal affairs and the disposition of property of an individual in anticipation and the event of such persons incapacity or death, also known as the law of successions in civil law. ... The law of evidence governs the use of testimony (e. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 786 KB) The ruins of the Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after a July 9, 2004 arson fire destroyed the structures entire roof and center portico. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 786 KB) The ruins of the Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after a July 9, 2004 arson fire destroyed the structures entire roof and center portico. ... Scots law (or Scottish law) is the law of Scotland. ... Just-lit match Fire is a self-sustaining oxidation process accompanied by heat and light in the form of a glow or flames. ... English law is a formal term of art that describes the law for the time being in force in England and Wales. ... Under English law, the Criminal Damage Act 1971 is the main statute covering damage to property. ...

Contents

Motivation

Arsonists' motives vary.


Arson for profit often involves a false or fraudulent insurance claim in an attempt to recoup business losses by destroying property. These fires can be extremely large when the insured property is significant. Many commercial and vehicle arsons are profit-motivated. A claim is a legal action to obtain money, property or the enforcement of a right protected by law against another party. ...


Vandalism is frequently behind arsons perpetrated by juvenile fire setters. Vandalism through fire can occur in vacant or abandoned buildings. Cities often regulate or encourage owners to secure vacant buildings. Fire departments aggressively attack fires in abandoned buildings out of concern transient or homeless people may be dwelling inside. A caricature of Gustave Courbet taking down a Morris column, published by Le Père Duchêne illustré magazine Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement destruction of a structure or symbol against the will of the owner/governing body. ... In law, a person who is not yet a legal adult is known as a minor (known in some places as an infant or juvenile). ... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ...


Domestic violence sometimes involves arson. Victims’ property is often damaged or destroyed, compromising physical safety and sometimes causing personal injury. Revenge motivation can generate dangerous fires, as a fire setter’s acts of rage contributes to the conflagration. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A personal injury occurs when a person has suffered some form of injury, either physical or psychological, as the result of an accident. ... Revenge or vengeance consists primarily of retaliation against a person or group in response to a perceived wrongdoing. ...


A number of fire setters are diagnosed with mental illnesses. Schizophrenia is sometimes observed in arsonists. Pyromania, a DSM Axis I diagnosis is uncommon, but can drive serial arsonists to set many dangerous fires. Some arsonists set fires that allow them to appear as heroes, rescuing endangered people or extinguishing the fire themselves. The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ... Property damage caused by fire Pyromania is an obsession with fire and starting fires in an intentional fashion. ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association The poopDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association, is the handbook used most often in diagnosing mental disorders in the United States. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


Man-made forest fires are frequent in the summers of the Galicia region of Spain. Several causes are proposed beyond mental illness or recklessness, including the change of commonal property to government-owned forests, sales of cheap burnt wood, envies against neighbours, intention to sell the land for urban development, disgruntled former firefighters, and distraction of the police by drug smugglers. Fire in San Bernardino, California Mountains (image taken from the International Space Station) A wildfire, also known as a forest fire, vegetation fire, grass fire, or bushfire (in Australasia), is an uncontrolled fire in wildland often caused by lightning; other common causes are human carelessness and arson. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... In England and Wales, a common is a piece of land over which other people -- often neighbouring landowners -- could exercise one of a number of traditional rights, such as allowing their cattle to graze upon it. ...


Arson may also be used to further political goals. For example, much of the direct action conducted in the name of the Earth Liberation Front have been acts of arson, with the intention of causing mass economic damage to environmentally destructive organisations. Politics is the process by which groups make decisions. ... Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks immediate remedy for perceived ills, as opposed to indirect actions such as electing representatives who promise to provide remedy at some later date. ... The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) is the collective name for anonymous and autonomous groups that, according to the now defunct Earth Liberation Front Press Office (ELFPO), use direct action in the form of economic sabotage to stop the exploitation and destruction of the natural environment. ...


Conversely, accusations of arson may instead be used for political ends. Famously, the parliament building of the German Empire became a target of arson in the 1933 Reichstag fire. Although the circumstances of this deliberate act remain unclear, the event gave the Nazi party leeway to introduce the Reichstag Fire Decree, considered to be one of the key steps leading to the creation of a single-party Nazi state. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Reichstag fire was a pivotal event in the establishment of Nazi Germany. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: , or NSDAP), generally known in English as the Nazi Party, was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... A German newspapers final issue, announcing its own prohibition (Verbot) by the police authorities on the basis of the Reichstag fire decree The Reichstag Fire Decree (Reichstagsbrandverordnung in German) is the common name of the decree issued by German president Paul von Hindenburg in direct response to the Reichstag...


One of the most infamous examples of alleged arson was that of Nero and the Great Fire of Rome, which erupted on the night July 18 to July 19, 64 at the southeastern end of the Circus Maximus in shops selling inflammable goods and burnt for reportedly nine days. Nero[1] Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37 – June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (54–68). ... The Great Fire of Rome erupted on the night of 19 July in the year 64, among the shops clustered around the Circus Maximus. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... July 18 - Great fire of Rome: A fire began to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burned completely out of control while Emperor Nero allegedly played his lyre and sang while watching the blaze from a safe distance, although there is no hard evidence to support this...


Arson investigation

A forensic science, fire investigation seeks to determine a fire’s origin and cause. During a fire investigation, indicators of an incendiary fire can help guide the investigator. The presence of an accelerant or ignitable liquid such as a petroleum distillate where it should not be can indicate an incendiary fire or arson. Specially trained dogs, known as accelerant detection canines, help investigators pinpoint areas to examine. Areas suspected to contain ignitable liquids can be collected by investigators and sent to forensic laboratories to be examined by instruments using Gas-liquid chromatography and Mass spectrometry. These instruments can detect and display the chemical composition of materials and inform an investigator whether the sample contains an accelerant. Forensics or forensic science is the application of science to questions which are of interest to the legal system. ... Fire investigation is the analysis of fire related incidents. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Fire investigation. ... Incendiary refers to any fire that has been deliberately set. ... An accelerant is any substance or mixture that accelerates the development of fire. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog is a mammal in the order Carnivora. ... Forensics or forensic science is the application of science to questions which are of interest to the legal system. ... Gas-liquid chromatography (GLC), or simply gas chromatography (GC), is a type of chromatography in which the mobile phase is a carrier gas, usually an inert gas such as helium or nitrogen, and the stationary phase is a microscopic layer of liquid on an inert solid support, inside glass or... Basic schematic of a mass spectrometer Mass spectrometry (also known as mass spectroscopy (deprecated)[1] or in common speech mass-spec) is an analytical technique used to measure the mass-to-charge ratio of ions. ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ...


Arson in fiction

The movie Backdraft centers on the relationships of firefighters confronting a series of arson fires. DVD cover Backdraft is an American movie released in 1991, directed by Ron Howard and written by Gregory Widen. ...


The HBO original movie Point of Origin, which is based on a book by John Orr, a former fire investigator and convicted serial arsonist, tells the true story of an arson investigator (Ray Liotta) searching for the perpetrator of a string of deadly fires in 1980s California. The films presents the methods the arsonist uses to start the fires The film makes use of backward trick photography to show the 'Point of Origin' of every fire that the arsonist started. Point Of Origin is the first album by hard rock band Allele, released on October 25, 2005 (see 2005 in music). ... John Leonard Orr (born April 26, 1949) is a convicted serial arsonist who was once a fire captain and arson investigator for the Glendale Fire Department in Southern California. ... Ray Liotta (born Raymond Julian Vicimarli on December 18, 1954 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American actor. ...


In the CBS TV show NUMB3RS, a C.S.I. investigation of an arson-related fire at an SUV dealership and other buildings involves finding a college-age arsonist and who persuaded him to do it. This episode also featured Bill Nye as a special guest. CBS (an abbreviation for Columbia Broadcasting System, its former legal name) is one of the largest television networks, and formerly one of the largest radio networks, in the United States. ... NUMB3RS (Numbers) is an American television show that follows FBI Special Agent Don Eppes (Rob Morrow) and his mathematical genius brother, Charlie Eppes (David Krumholtz), who develops formulae to predict the actions of various criminals. ... The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India is an order of chivalry founded by Victoria in 1861. ... Just-lit match Fire is a self-sustaining oxidation process accompanied by heat and light in the form of a glow or flames. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... For other uses, see Building (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... William S. Bill Nye (born November 27, 1955) also known as Bill Nye the Science Guy, is an American television program host, scientist, and mechanical engineer. ...


The British TV drama series London's Burning, based on the activities of the London Fire Brigade, also featured cases of arson during its run. Londons Burning was a television drama programme produced by London Weekend Television. ... The London Fire Brigade (LFB) provides fire fighting and rescue services in London, UK. It is the third largest fire department in the world with nearly 7000 staff. ...


Arson, literally and figuratively, is a major theme of Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events, and is recurringly employed by the villainous Count Olaf and his ascociates, often referenced in the series' complex backstory and increasingly committed by the books' protagonists. Each act of arson is portrayed as a tragedy, but as the Baudelaire orphans mature, the arsonists' motivations are increasingly understood to be complex and not wholly evil. Lemony Snicket is a pseudonym used by author Daniel Handler his childrens book series A Series of Unfortunate Events, as well as a character in that series. ... An illustration of Klaus (left), Violet (top) and Sunny (right), the Baudelaire siblings, who are the three main characters A Series of Unfortunate Events is a childrens book series, written by Daniel Handler under the pseudonym of Lemony Snicket, and illustrated by Brett Helquist. ... Count Olaf is the main villain from Lemony Snickets A Series of Unfortunate Events series. ... A Series of Unfortunate Events is a childrens book series by Daniel Handler, writing under the pseudonym of Lemony Snicket, and illustrated by Brett Helquist. ...


Much of the first season of Six Feet Under deals with a case of arson. Six Feet Under was a popular and critically acclaimed American television drama produced by HBO. It first aired on June 3, 2001 and concluded its fifth and final season on August 21, 2005. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
FBI - Crime in the US, 2002 - Crime Index Offenses Reported (1704 words)
Arson is not included in the national rate calculations; arson rates are computed separately and presented in Table 2.31.
Of the arsons for which supplemental clearance data were received, 22.4 percent of all structural arsons were cleared by arrest or exceptional means.
An examination of arson arrests by race indicated that 76.8 percent of arson arrestees were white, 21.5 percent were fl, and 1.7 percent were of other races.
III - Arson (2988 words)
Church arson is classified as a federal crime and a coalition of federal agencies are allied against church arson.
Arson in the nation's cities fell 2.1 percent in 2005 from 2004, compared with a 2.7 percent drop in the nation as a whole.
In metropolitan counties, arson offenses fell 4.2 percent from 2004 to 2005, and 5.4 percent in nonmetropolitan counties.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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