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Encyclopedia > Arsacid Dynasty
 Iran Under the Arsacid Dynasty.
Iran Under the Arsacid Dynasty.

The Arsacid Dynasty ruled Persia. Their realm is also called Parthia, which included the Iranian plateau and intermittently Mesopotamia, from 253 BC until their overthrow by the Sassanid Dynasty in AD 226. At certain times Arsacid Kings also ruled over Armenia. Image File history File links Map_of_Iran_under_Parthian_Dynasty. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Iran_under_Parthian_Dynasty. ... The term Persian Empire refers to a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Parthia, or known in their native Iranian language as Ashkâniân [2] (also called the Arsacid Empire) was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. It was the second dynasty of... Mesopotamia (Greek: Μεσοποταμία, translated from Old Persian Miyanrudan between rivers; Aramaic name being Beth Nahrain house of rivers) is a region of Southwest Asia. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC - 250s BC - 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC Years: 258 BC 257 BC 256 BC 255 BC 254 BC - 253 BC - 252 BC 251 BC... The Sassanid Empire in the time of Shapur I; the conquest of Cappadocia was temporary Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of... Events: Accession of Wei Mingdi as emperor of the Kingdom of Wei of China. ...

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Historical Background

After the conquest of the Persian Empire by Alexander III, king of Macedonia, Iran was in constant conflict between the old Iranian traditions and the new Hellenistic way of life, between civic life and oriental despotism. In Persia the Hellenistic rulers were ultimately unable to solve these and other problems inherent in such a mixed and complex society, even if there was a strong level of amalgamation between the two cultures. But the Greeks and their civic culture ultimately ended up occupying a secondary if important role, while pre-conquest patterns re-emerged stronger than ever, like the persistent use of the Aramaic language for administrative reasons. The term Persian Empire refers to a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Alexander the Great (in Greek , transliterated Aléxandros ho Mégas) (Alexander III of Macedon) was born in Pella, Macedon, in July, 356 BC, died in Babylon, on June 10, 323 BC, King of Macedon 336–323 BC, is considered one of the most successful military commanders in world history... The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ...


The Hellenistic lands in Asia after the death of Alexander were ruled by the Seleucid Empire; an overextended domain, which neglected its Iranian possessions in favour of Anatolia and Syria. The Parni, an Iranian nomadic tribe, were to gain advantage from this, and later on the disintegration of the Seleucid state amidst the dynastic squabbles which followed the death of Antiochus IV Epiphanes in 164 BC. Things went no better for the other Hellenistic realms on Iranian and Indian soil, the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, swept away by the migrations of the Yueh-Chih nomads and the rise of the Kushan Empire. Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ... The Seleucid Empire was one of several political states founded after the death of Alexander the Great, whose generals squabbled over the division of Alexanders empire. ... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ... The Central Asian steppe has been the home of Iranian nomadic tribes for centuries. ... Communities of nomadic people move from place to place, rather than settling down in one location. ... Coin of Antiochus IV. Reverse shows Apollo seated on an omphalos. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC - 160s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 169 BC 168 BC 167 BC 166 BC 165 BC - 164 BC - 163 BC 162 BC 161... Approximate extent of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom circa 220 BCE. The Greco-Bactrians were a dynasty of Greek kings who controlled Bactria and Sogdiana, an area comprising todays northern Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia, the easternmost area of the Hellenistic world, from 250 to 125 BCE. Their expansion... The migrations of the Yueh-Chih. ...


The 1st century BC, with the fall of the last remains of the Hellenistic kingdoms, saw the emergence of what were to be the Parthians' mortal enemies: the Romans and the Kushan Empire, with whom the Parthians were to be engaged in many wars and disputes. ==The birth of an Empire== In 247 BC two brothers, Arsaces (Arschag) and Tiridates, members of the nomad iranic tribe of the Parni, first mentioned in this century and migrating south from the banks of the Amu-Darya, occupied the Seleucid satrapy of Parthia (the district of Tejen) by defeating and killing its governor Andragoras. These were years of great tumult and difficulties for the House of Seleucus, which had also a few years before lost control of Bactria with the rebellion of the Greek satrap Diodotus. (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 1st century BC started on January 1, 100 BC and ended on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. The AD/BC notation does not use a year zero. ... For other senses of this name, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - 240s BC - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC Years: 252 BC 251 BC 250 BC 249 BC 248 BC - 247 BC - 246 BC 245 BC... Coin of Arsaces I. The reverse shows a seated archer carrying a bow. ... Tiridates, or Teridates is a Persian name, given by Arrian in his Parthica to the brother of Arsaces I, the founder of the Parthian kingdom, whom he is said to have succeeded in about 246 BC. But Arrian’s account seems to be quite unhistorical and modern historians believe that... The Central Asian steppe has been the home of Iranian nomadic tribes for centuries. ... Amu Darya Delta from space, November 1994 Map of area around the Aral Sea. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Tejen (or Tedzhen) is an oasis city in the Karakum Desert, in Ahal Province of Turkmenistan. ... Seleucus was the name of several Macedonian kings of the Seleucid dynasty ruling in the area of Syria. ... Bactria (Bactriana) was the ancient Greek name of the country between the range of the Hindu Kush (Caucasus Indicus) and the Amu Darya (Oxus); its capital, Bactra (now Balkh), was located in what is now northern Afghanistan, southern Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. ... The founder of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom, Diodotus c. ...


The Parthians remained on the defensive for nearly a century; a century in which the world scenery was radically transformed. In particular, in 190 BC the Seleucid king Antiochus III the Great suffered a crushing defeat from the Romans at Magnesia, starting the unstoppable decline of his kingdom. And when Antiochus IV Epiphanes died in 164 BC internecine conflicts exploded within the royal dynasty, opening the road for Mithridates I' campaigns in his long reign from 171 to 138 BC. Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC - 190s BC - 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC Years: 195 BC 194 BC 193 BC 192 BC 191 BC - 190 BC - 189 BC 188 BC... Antiochus III the Great, (c. ... The Battle of Magnesia was fought in 190 BC near Magnesia ad Sipylum, between the Romans and their ally Eumenes of Pergamum against the army of Antiochus III the Great of Syria resulting in a Roman victory. ... Coin of Antiochus IV. Reverse shows Apollo seated on an omphalos. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC - 160s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 169 BC 168 BC 167 BC 166 BC 165 BC - 164 BC - 163 BC 162 BC 161... Image:Cerasdery. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC - 170s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 176 BC 175 BC 174 BC 173 BC 172 BC - 171 BC - 170 BC 169 BC 168... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC - 130s BC - 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC Years: 143 BC 142 BC 141 BC 140 BC 139 BC - 138 BC - 137 BC 136 BC...


Mithridates I annexed the provinces of Media, Susiana, Persis, Characene, Babylonia and Assyria in the west and of Gedrosia and Sistan in the east, and also took Seleucia on the Tigris, which was the second largest city of Western Asia. The autonomy and Greek institutions of Seleucia were respected. Immediately facing the city, on the left bank of the Tigris, the Parthians founded Ctesiphon, the new capital of the empire. The Seleucids tried with Demetrius II Nicator to reconquered the lost ground, but in 139 BC he lost his battle against the Parthian cavalry and fell into the hands of Mithridates I. The Parthian king treated him gently, also giving him one of his daughter in marriage, but kept him captive in Hyrcania where he remained prisoner till his death. A later attempt in 129 BC to reconquer the former Seleucid dominions by Antiochus VII Sidetes met with no more luck. In this way, Mithridates I created an empire which extended itself from the Euphrates to the Indian Caucasus, which had in itself a vast mixture of people and traditions. Elam (Persian: ایلام) is one of the most ancient civilizations on record. ... External links Official website of Fars Governorship Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... Characene was a kingdom within the Parthian empire at the Persian Gulf. ... Babylonia, named for its capital city, Babylon, was an ancient state in the south part of Mesopotamia (in modern Iraq), combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. ... Relief from Assyrian capital of Dur Sharrukin, showing transport of Lebanese cedar (8th c. ... Gedrosia is the ancient name of an area that corresponds to the southernwestern part of today s Pakistan, from the Indus River to the areas of Baluchistan and Makran. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... The name Seleucia may denote any one of several cities in the Seleucid Empire. ... Ctesiphon, 1932 Ctesiphon (Parthian: Tyspwn as well as Tisfun) is one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia and the capital of the Parthian Empire and its successor, the Sassanid Empire, for more than 800 years located in the ancient Iranian province of Khvarvaran. ... Coin of Demetrius II. The reverse shows Zeus bearing Nike. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC - 130s BC - 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC Years: 144 BC 143 BC 142 BC 141 BC 140 BC - 139 BC - 138 BC 137 BC... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Gorgan Gorgan (گرگان); Hyrcania ; Hyrcana (Old Persian Varkâna, land of wolves; modern Persian Gorgan, formerly called Astrabad or Asterabad): part of the ancient Persian empire, on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea (present day Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and parts of... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 134 BC 133 BC 132 BC 131 BC 130 BC - 129 BC - 128 BC 127 BC... Antiochus VII Eumenes, nick-named Sidetes (from Sidon), reigned from 138–129 BC over the Seleucid Empire. ... The Euphrates (the traditional Greek name for the river, Kurdish: Fırat, Arabic: الفرات; Al-Furat, Old Persian: Ufrat, Syriac: ܦܪܘܬ/ܦܪܬ; Prâth/Frot, Turkish: Fırat, Assyrian Akkadian: Pu-rat-tu, Hebrew: פְּרָת) is the westernmost of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (Beth Nahrain in Syriac), the other being the... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ...

Coin of Mithridates I (ruled 171–138 BCE) from the mint at Seleucia on the Tigris.
Coin of Mithridates I (ruled 171138 BCE) from the mint at Seleucia on the Tigris.

Another great king was to prove himself Mithridates II, who went to power about 123 BC. He reported important victories both on the West, where he kept the Seleucids in check, and on the East, where he defeated the the nomad Sakae expanding his power to the Oxus. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image:Cerasdery. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC - 170s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 176 BC 175 BC 174 BC 173 BC 172 BC - 171 BC - 170 BC 169 BC 168... (Redirected from 138 BCE) Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC - 130s BC - 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC Years: 143 BC 142 BC 141 BC 140 BC 139 BC - 138 BC... The name Seleucia may denote any one of several cities in the Seleucid Empire. ... Coin of Mithridates II from the mint at Seleucia. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 128 BC 127 BC 126 BC 125 BC 124 BC - 123 BC - 122 BC 121 BC... Scythia was an area in Eurasia inhabited in ancient times by an Indo-Aryans known as the Scythians. ... The Amu Darya (in Persian آمودریا; Darya means river in Persian) rises in the Pamirs and flows mainly north-west through the Hindu Kush, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan to join the Aral Sea in a large river delta. ...


Mithridates II was also the first Parthian king to enter in contact with the world's greatest empires, the Chinese and the Roman: around 110 BC Chinese and Parthians both sent embassies to the respective courts with the object of facilitating the commerce with the west. As for the Romans, the first contacts were also friendly since they had a common enemy, Tigranes the Great king of Armenia. See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC - 110s BC - 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC Years: 115 BC 114 BC 113 BC 112 BC 111 BC - 110 BC - 109 BC 108 BC... This article is about a king of Armenia in the 1st century BC. For other historical figures with the same name (including other kings of Armenia) see Tigranes. ...


Arsacid (Parthian) Kings of Persia, 250 BC - AD 226

Reproduction of a Parthian warrior as depicted on Trajans Column The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Origins Bust of Parthian soldier, Esgh-abad Museum, Turkmenia. ... The term Persian Empire refers to a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Image File history File links Head_of_Parthian,_Persian_&_Armenian_Kings. ... Coin of Arsaces I. The reverse shows a seated archer carrying a bow. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - 240s BC - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC Years: 252 BC 251 BC 250 BC 249 BC 248 BC - 247 BC - 246 BC 245 BC... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC - 210s BC - 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC Years: 216 BC 215 BC 214 BC 213 BC 212 BC - 211 BC - 210 BC 209 BC... Tiridates, or Teridates is a Persian name, given by Arrian in his Parthica to the brother of Arsaces I, the founder of the Parthian kingdom, whom he is said to have succeeded in about 246 BC. But Arrian’s account seems to be quite unhistorical and modern historians believe that... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - 240s BC - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC Years: 251 BC 250 BC 249 BC 248 BC 247 BC - 246 BC - 245 BC 244 BC... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC - 210s BC - 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC Years: 216 BC 215 BC 214 BC 213 BC 212 BC - 211 BC - 210 BC 209 BC... Coin of Arsaces II of Parthia. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC - 210s BC - 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC Years: 216 BC 215 BC 214 BC 213 BC 212 BC - 211 BC - 210 BC 209 BC... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC - 190s BC - 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC Years: 196 BC 195 BC 194 BC 193 BC 192 BC - 191 BC - 190 BC 189 BC... Phriapatius or Priapatius ruled the Parthian Empire from c. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC - 190s BC - 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC Years: 196 BC 195 BC 194 BC 193 BC 192 BC - 191 BC - 190 BC 189 BC... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC - 170s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 181 BC 180 BC 179 BC 178 BC 177 BC - 176 BC - 175 BC 174 BC 173... King Phraates I of Parthia, son of Phriapatius, ruled the Parthian Empire c. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC - 170s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 181 BC 180 BC 179 BC 178 BC 177 BC - 176 BC - 175 BC 174 BC 173... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC - 170s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 176 BC 175 BC 174 BC 173 BC 172 BC - 171 BC - 170 BC 169 BC 168... Image:Cerasdery. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC - 170s BC - 150s BC140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 176 BC 175 BC 174 BC 173 BC 172 BC - 171 BC - 170 BC 169 BC 168... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC - 130s BC - 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC Years: 143 BC 142 BC 141 BC 140 BC 139 BC - 138 BC - 137 BC 136 BC... Coin of Phraates II from the mint at Seleucia. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC - 130s BC - 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC Years: 143 BC 142 BC 141 BC 140 BC 139 BC - 138 BC - 137 BC 136 BC... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 132 BC 131 BC 130 BC 129 BC 128 BC - 127 BC - 126 BC 125 BC... Coin of Artabanus I. Reverse shows a seated goddess (perhaps Demeter) holding Nike and a cornucopia. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 132 BC 131 BC 130 BC 129 BC 128 BC - 127 BC - 126 BC 125 BC... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 129 BC 128 BC 127 BC 126 BC 125 BC - 124 BC - 123 BC 122 BC... Coin of Mithridates II from the mint at Seleucia. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC - 120s BC - 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC Years: 128 BC 127 BC 126 BC 125 BC 124 BC - 123 BC - 122 BC 121 BC... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC 90 BC 89 BC - 88 BC - 87 BC 86 BC 85... Coin of Gotarzes I. Reverse shows a seated archer holding a bow. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC - 90s BC - 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC Years: 100 BC 99 BC 98 BC 97 BC 96 BC - 95 BC - 94 BC 93 BC 92... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC - 90s BC - 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC Years: 95 BC 94 BC 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC - 90 BC - 89 BC 88 BC 87... King Orodes I of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire from c. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC - 90s BC - 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC Years: 95 BC 94 BC 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC - 90 BC - 89 BC 88 BC 87... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC 81 BC - 80 BC - 79 BC 78 BC 77... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC 81 BC - 80 BC - 79 BC 78 BC 77... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC Years: 75 BC 74 BC 74 BC 73 BC 72 BC 71 BC 70 BC 69 BC 68... Coin of Sanatruces of Parthia from the mint at Rhagae. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC Years: 82 BC 81 BC 80 BC 79 BC 78 BC - 77 BC - 76 BC 75 BC 74... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC Years: 75 BC 74 BC 74 BC 73 BC 72 BC 71 BC 70 BC 69 BC 68... Coin of Phraates III from the mint at Ecbatana. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC Years: 75 BC 74 BC 74 BC 73 BC 72 BC 71 BC 70 BC 69 BC 68... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 62 BC 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54... Coin of Mithridates III from the mint at Nisa. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 62 BC 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51... Coin of Orodes II from the mint at Seleucia. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 62 BC 61 BC 60 BC 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC 40 BC 39 BC 38 BC 37 BC 36 BC 35 BC 34 BC... Coin of Pacorus I. Reverse shows a seated archer holding a bow. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC 40 BC - 39 BC - 38 BC 37 BC 36 BC 35 BC... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC 40 BC 39 BC 38 BC 37 BC 36 BC 35 BC 34 BC... Coin of Phraates IV from the mint at Seleucia. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC 40 BC 39 BC 38 BC 37 BC 36 BC 35 BC 34 BC... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC - 0s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC 1 2 3 4 Events Births Deaths Gaius and... Tiridates II of Parthia was set up by the Parthians against Phraates IV in about 30 BC, but expelled when Phraates returned with the help of the Scythians. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC 0s 10s 20s 30s Years: 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC 25 BC 24 BC 23 BC 22 BC 21... Coin of Phraates V. Obverse shows Phraates wearing a diadem and being crowned by Nike with a wreath. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC - 0s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC 1 2 3 4 Events Births Deaths Gaius and...   This article is about the year 4. ... Coin of Phraataces (obverse, with Nike on each side) and Musa (reverse). ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC - 0s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC 1 2 3 4 Events Births Deaths Gaius and...   This article is about the year 4. ... King Orodes III of Parthia was raised to the throne of the Parthian Empire by the magnates after the death of Phraates V, c. ...   This article is about the year 6. ... Coin of Vonones I from the mint at Ecbatana. ...   This article is about the year 8. ... For other uses, see number 12. ... Coin of Artabanus II from the mint at Ecbatana. ... Events Differentiation of localized Teutonic tribes of the Irminones. ... For alternate uses, see Number 38. ... Tiridates III of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire briefly in 35–36. ... For alternate uses, see Number 35. ... For alternate uses, see Number 36. ... Vardanes I of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire from about 40–47. ... For alternate uses, see Number 40. ... // Events Romans build a fortification that will later grow to be the city of Utrecht. ... Gotarzes II of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire intermittently between about 40 and 51. ... For alternate uses, see Number 40. ... Events Caratacus, British resistance leader, is captured and taken to Rome. ... Sanabares of Parthia was a rival King of Parthia from c. ... Events Londinium is founded by the Romans, taking over as capital of the local Roman province, from Colchester (approximate date) Roman Emperor Claudius appoints Agrippa II governor of Chalcis. ... For other uses, see number 65. ... Vonones II of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire briefly in 51. ... Events Caratacus, British resistance leader, is captured and taken to Rome. ... Vologases I of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire (a forerunner of todays Iran) from about 51 to 78. ... Events Caratacus, British resistance leader, is captured and taken to Rome. ... For other uses, see number 78. ... Vardanes II of Parthia was the son of Vologases I and briefly ruler of part of the Parthian Empire. ... For other uses, see number 55. ... Events The Ficus Ruminales begins to die (see Rumina) Start of Yongping era of the Chinese Han Dynasty. ... Vologases II of Parthia was the son of Vologases I and ruled the Parthian Empire from about 77 to 80. ... For other uses, see number 77. ... For other uses, see number 80. ... Pacorus II of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire from about 78 to 105. ... For other uses, see number 78. ... Events The Chinese refine papermaking. ... Artabanus III of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire from about 80 to 90. ... For other uses, see number 80. ... For other uses, see number 90. ... Coin of Vologases III. Reverse shows a seated archer carrying a bow, surrounded by meaningless Greek-like letterforms. ... Events The Chinese refine papermaking. ... Events First year of Jianhe of the Chinese Han Dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 147 ... Coin of Osroes I. The date ΗΚΥ is year 428 of the Seleucid era, corresponding to 116–117. ... Events Tacitus completes The Annales of Imperial Rome. ... Events Change of Patriarch of Constantinople from Patriarch Diogenes to Patriarch Eleutherius. ... Coin of Parthamaspates. ... Events Roman Emperor Trajan completes his invasion of Parthia by capturing the cities of Seleucia, Ctesiphon and Susa, marking the high-water mark of the Roman Empires eastern expansion. ... Coin of Mithridates IV. Reverse shows a seated archer holding a bow, surrounded by meaningless Greek-like letterforms and a line of Aramaic at top. ... Events Change of Patriarch of Constantinople from Patriarch Diogenes to Patriarch Eleutherius. ... Events Pope Pius I succeeded Pope Hyginus. ... Events Pope Pius I succeeded Pope Hyginus. ... Coin of Vologases IV. The reverse shows the throned king receiving a diadem from Tyche. ... Events First year of Jianhe of the Chinese Han Dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 147 ... Events Serapion of Antioch becomes Patriarch of Antioch. ... Osroes II of Parthia was a claimant of the throne of the Parthian Empire c. ... Events A part of Rome burns, and emperor Commodus orders the city to be rebuilt under the name Colonia Commodiana First year of Chuping era of Chinese Han Dynasty Births 190 is a number Deaths Athenagoras of Athens, Christian apologist Categories: 190 ... Coin of Vologases V. The reverse shows the throned king receiving a diadem from Tyche. ... Events Serapion of Antioch becomes Patriarch of Antioch. ... hello my name is marco u ... Coin of Vologases VI. The reverse shows the throned king receiving a diadem from Tyche. ... hello my name is marco u ... Events Shah Artashir I, four years after establishing the Sassanid Persian Empire, completes his conquest of Parthia. ... Artabanus IV of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire (c. ... Events The Baths of Caracalla in Britain is divided into Britannia Superior and Britannia Inferior. ... Events Shah Artashir I wins Persian independence from Parthia and establishes the Sassanid dynasty. ...

Arsacid {Armenian) Kings of Armenia, 54 AD - 428 AD

  • Tiridates I (second time) 54-56
  • Tiridates I of Armenia 56-58/59
  • Roman occupation 58-59
  • Tigranes V of Capadoce 59-62 (Roman protectorate)
  • Tiridates I of Armenia 62-72 (Parthian protectorate 62-63; Roman protectorate 63-72)
  • Axidares (son of Pacorus II of Parthia) 72-? (Roman protectorate)
  • Parthamasiris (brother of Axidares) ?-114 (Parthian protectorate)
  • Roman province 114 - 118
  • Vologeses I (from the Parthian Arsacid dynasty) 118-? (Roman protectorate)
  • Aurelios Pocoros ?-140/44
  • Sohemo c. 140/144-161
  • Pakoros 161-163
  • Sohemo (second time) 163-?
  • Sanatrik ?-197
  • Valarsaces or Vologeses II (son) 197
  • Chosroes I of Armenia (son) 197-238
  • To Persia 238-252
  • Artavazd VI 252-283 (Parthian protectorate)
  • Tiridates III of Armenia (son of Chosroes) 283-330 (Roman protectorate)
  • Khosrov II the Small 330-339
  • Tigranes VII (son) 339-c.350
  • Arshak II (son) c. 350-368
  • Persian occupation 368-370
  • Cylax (Zig), governor 368-369
  • Artaban (Karen), governor 368-369
  • Vahan Mamikonian, governor 369-370
  • Merujan Ardzruni, governor 369-370
  • Pap (son of Archak II) 370-374
  • Varazdat (grand-son of Tigranes VII) 374-378
  • Queen Zarmandukht (widow of Pap) 378-379
  • Provisional government of Enmanuel Mamikonian (sparapit) 378-379
  • To Persia 379
  • Joint government of the Persian marzban (governor), Queen Zarmandukht, and Enmanuel Mamikonian 379-c. 380
  • Joint government of Zarmandukht and Enmanuel Mamikonian c. 380-384
  • Arshak III (son of Zarmandukht) 384-389 (married to Vardandukht, daughter of Enmmanuel Mamikonian)
  • Valarchak (associated) 384-386 (married to a daughter of Sahak Bagratuni)
  • Khosrov III (from arsacid family) 387-392
  • Zik (regent) 387-390
  • Vram Shepuh 392-414 (brother of Khosrov III) 392-414
  • Khosrov III (second time) 414-415
  • Shahpur (heir of Perse) 415-421
  • Provisional government of Narses Djidjrakatsi 421
  • Local independent governments 421-423
  • Artaxes IV (son of Vram Shepuh) 423-428

Tiridates, was the youngest brother of the Parthian king Vologases I., who with interruptions from 53 to 68 or 72 was king of Armenia and founder of the Armenian line of the Arsacid Dynasty known as the Arshakuni Dynasty in Armenia. ... Tiridates, was the youngest brother of the Parthian king Vologases I., who with interruptions from 53 to 68 or 72 was king of Armenia and founder of the Armenian line of the Arsacid Dynasty known as the Arshakuni Dynasty in Armenia. ... Pacorus II of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire from about 78 to 105. ... Tiridates III was a King of Armenia (286-344), also known as Tiridates the Great. ... Pap was king of Armenia from 370-374, after he expelled the Persians from the country. ... Sahak Bagratuni was Prince of Armenia (754-771). ...

Reference

THE EMPIRE OF PARTHIAN DYNASTY 248BCE to 28th April CE224, edited by Shapour Suren-Pahlav


External links


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Arsacid dynasty, who like the Kushans, sprang from the nomadic Iranian peoples of Central Asia, were very tolerant of foreign religions.
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