FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Arrow" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Arrow
Traditional target arrow and replica medieval arrow.
Traditional target arrow and replica medieval arrow.
Modern arrow with plastic fletchings and nock.
Modern arrow with plastic fletchings and nock.

An arrow is a pointed projectile that is shot with a bow. It predates recorded history and is common to most cultures. An arrow is a projectile launched from a bow. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 233 pixelsFull resolution (2130 × 620 pixel, file size: 943 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aus der englischen Wikipedia ( [1] ): Top: modern target arrow with shield fletchings and brass point. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 233 pixelsFull resolution (2130 × 620 pixel, file size: 943 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aus der englischen Wikipedia ( [1] ): Top: modern target arrow with shield fletchings and brass point. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 365 pixelsFull resolution (1588 × 724 pixel, file size: 520 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture, of an Arrow taken with a digital camera. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 365 pixelsFull resolution (1588 × 724 pixel, file size: 520 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture, of an Arrow taken with a digital camera. ... A projectile is any object sent through space by the application of a force. ... This article is about the projectile weapon bow. ... The word culture comes from the Latin root colere (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor). ...

Contents

Structure

Schematic of an arrow with many parts.
Schematic of an arrow with many parts.

A normal arrow consists of a shaft with an arrowhead attached to the front end, with fletchings and a nock at the other. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...


but unlike a usual arrow some are shaped liek adebobola fadiros head HOW ODD IS THAT ????


Arrow sizes vary greatly across cultures, ranging from eighteen inches to five feet (45 cm to 150 cm).[1] However, most modern arrows are two-and-a-half to three feet long (75 cm to 90 cm), similar to the length of English war arrows (which were made to be half the height of the man who shot them).[1] Very short arrows have been used, shot through a guide attached either to the bow (an "overdraw") or to the archer's wrist (the Turkish "siper"). [2] These may fly further than heavier arrows, and an enemy without suitable equipment may find himself unable to return them.

A Shoshone man using a shaft straightener in traditional arrow construction.
A Shoshone man using a shaft straightener in traditional arrow construction.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the Native American tribe. ...

Shaft

The shaft is the primary structural element of the arrow, to which the other components are attached. Traditional arrow shafts are made from lightweight wood, bamboo or reeds, while modern shafts may be made from aluminium or carbon fiber reinforced plastic. jake has a small willy The stiffness of the shaft is known as its spine, referring to how little the shaft bends when compressed. Hence, an arrow which bends less is said to have more spine. In order to strike consistently, a group of arrows must be similarly-spined. Higher draw-weight bows will generally require stiffer arrows, with more spine, or less flexibility, to prevent excessive arrow deformation. As according to the archer's paradox, non-centershot bows, where the arrow is not shot through the central vertical axis of the bow riser, will tend to be most accurate when a narrower range of arrow spine that allows the arrow to deflect correctly around the bow. For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Phragmites australis (Cav. ... Aluminum redirects here. ... Tail of a RC helicopter, made of CFRP Carbon fiber reinforced plastic or (CFRP or CRP), is a very strong, light and expensive composite material or fiber reinforced plastic. ... Stiffness is the resistance of an elastic body to deflection or deformation by an applied force. ... Diagram of the archers paradox, showing what happens when arrows are incorrectly spined The term archers paradox refers to the flexing of an arrow shaft that occurs when it is shot from a non-centershot bow. ...


Footed arrows

Sometimes a shaft will be made of two different types of wood fastened together, resulting in what is known as a footed arrow. Known by some as the finest of wood arrows[3], footed arrows were used both by early Europeans and Native Americans. Footed arrows will typically consist of a short length of hardwood near the head of the arrow, with the remainder of the shaft consisting of softwood. By reinforcing the area most likely to break, the arrow is more likely to survive impact, while maintaining overall flexibility and lighter weight. Native Americans redirects here. ... Beech is a typical temperate zone hardwood For the record label, see Hardwood Records. ... Despite being fairly hard, cedar is a softwood Softwood is the wood from conifers. ...


Arrowhead

Main article: arrowhead
Obsidian broadhead.
Obsidian broadhead.
Various Japanese arrowheads
Various Japanese arrowheads
Native American arrowheads.
Native American arrowheads.

The arrowhead or projectile point is the primary functional part of the arrow, and plays the largest role in determining its purpose. Some arrows may simply use a sharpened tip of the solid shaft, but it is far more common for separate arrowheads to be made, usually from metal, horn, or some other hard material. Arrowheads are usually separated by function: American Indian arrowheads of several shapes and functions Japanese arrowheads of several shapes and functions Arrowhead can refer to: the point of an arrow; some plants in the genus Sagittaria; the Arrowhead region of northeastern Minnesota; a place name in southern California, derived from an arrowhead-shaped geologic formation in... Image File history File links Obsidian arrowhead. ... Image File history File links Obsidian arrowhead. ... This article is about a type of volcanic glass. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2220x1848, 894 KB) fr: Têtes de flèches japonaises (ya) en: Japanese arrow heads (ya) Work by Rama File links The following pages link to this file: Arrowhead ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2220x1848, 894 KB) fr: Têtes de flèches japonaises (ya) en: Japanese arrow heads (ya) Work by Rama File links The following pages link to this file: Arrowhead ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1353x541, 250 KB) Summary chirt of flint Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1353x541, 250 KB) Summary chirt of flint Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... In archaeology, a projectile point is an object that was hafted and used either as knife or projectile tip or both. ...

  • Bodkin points are short, rigid points with a small cross-section. They achieved prominence in the Late Middle Ages through their greater effectiveness against armour[dubious ]. They would normally be used only for war.
  • Blunts are unsharpened arrowheads occasionally used for types of target shooting, for shooting at stumps or other targets of opportunity, or hunting small game when the goal is to stun the target without penetration. Blunts are commonly made of metal or hard rubber. Occasionally, the arrow shaft may penetrate the head and the target; safety is still important with blunt arrows.
  • Judo points have spring wires extending sideways from the tip. These catch on grass and debris to prevent the arrow from being lost in the vegetation. Used for practice and for small game.
  • Broadheads are used for hunting. They are expensive and usually not used for practice. They usually have two to four sharp blades that cause massive bleeding in the victim. There are two main types of broadheads used by hunters. One is the fixed-blade, while the other is the mechanical. While the fixed-blade broadhead keeps its blades rigid and unmovable on the broadhead at all times, the mechanical broadhead deploys its blades upon contact with the target, its blades swinging out to wound the target. The mechanical head flies better because it is more streamlined, but has less penetration as it uses some of the kinetic energy in the arrow to deploy its blades.
  • Field tips are similar to target points and have a distinct shoulder, so that missed outdoor shots do not become as stuck in obstacles such as tree stumps. They are also used for shooting practice by hunters, by offering similar flight characteristics and weights as broadheads, without getting lodged in target materials and causing excessive damage upon removal.
  • Target points are bullet-shaped with a sharp point, designed to penetrate target butts easily without causing excessive damage to them.
  • Safety arrows are designed to be used in various forms of reenactment combat, to reduce the risk when fired at people. These arrows may have heads that are very wide or padded. In combination with bows of restricted draw weight and draw length, these heads may reduce to acceptable levels the risks of shooting arrows at suitably armoured people. The parameters will vary depending on the specific rules being used. For instance, the SCA combat rules require a padded head at least 1 1/4" in diameter, with bows not exceeding 28 inches and 50 lbs of draw for use against well-armoured individuals. [4]

Arrowheads may be attached to the shaft with a cap, a socketed tang, or inserted into a split in the shaft and held by a process called hafting.[1] Points attached with caps are simply slid snugly over the end of the shaft. Split-shaft construction involves splitting the arrow shaft lengthwise, inserting the arrowhead, and securing it using a ferrule, sinew, or wire.[5] Bodkin point arrows were invented in the Middle Ages, as an improvement of the earlier broadhead arrow. ... Dante by Michelino The Late Middle Ages is a term used by historians to describe European history in the period of the 14th to 16th centuries (AD 1300–1500). ... For other uses, see Bleeding (disambiguation). ... An archery butts is an archery practice field, with mounds of earth used for the targets. ... The tang of a sword or fixed-blade knife is that part of the blade extending into and usually through the grip that is fastened to it. ... Hafting is a process by which an artifact, often bone, metal, or stone, is attached to a handle or strap. ... A ferrule (possibly the Latin diminutive of ferrum iron) is a name for types of metal objects. ...


Fletchings

Main article: Fletching
Straight fletchings on an arrow.
Straight fletchings on an arrow.

Fletchings are found at the back of the arrow and provide a small amount of drag used to stabilize the flight of the arrow. They are designed to keep the arrow pointed in the direction of travel by strongly damping down any tendency to pitch or yaw. Some cultures, for example most in New Guinea, did not use fletching on their arrows. [6] Fletching is the ancient art of creating arrows from materials such as wood and feathers. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 844 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture, of an Arrow fletching taken with a digital camera. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 844 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture, of an Arrow fletching taken with a digital camera. ... Fletching is the ancient art of creating arrows from materials such as wood and feathers. ... Flight dynamics is the science of air and space vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions. ...


Fletchings are traditionally made from feathers (often from a goose or turkey) bound to the arrow's shaft, but are now often made of plastic (known as "vanes"). Historically, some arrows used for the proofing of armour used copper vanes. [7] Flight archers may use razor blades for fletching, in order to reduce air resistance. Two feathers Feathers are one of the epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on birds. ... Geese redirects here. ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... The proofing of armour refers to the process of testing armour for its defensive ability, most commonly used to historical testing of plate armour and chainmail. ... Copper has played a significant part in the history of mankind, which has used the easily accessible uncompounded metal for nearly 10,000 years. ...


Artisans who make arrows by hand are known as "fletchers," a word related to the French word for arrow, flèche. This is the same derivation as the verb "fletch", meaning to provide an arrow with its feathers. Glue and/or thread are the main traditional methods of attaching fletchings. In England, bluebell sap was the adhesive of choice. [citation needed] A "fletching jig" is often used in modern times, to hold the fletchings in exactly the right orientation on the shaft while the glue hardens. Binomial name Hyacinthoides non-scripta (L.) Chouard ex Rothm. ...


Fletchings may be straight, or arranged with a slight offset around the shaft of the arrow to provide a slight rotation which improves accuracy. Most arrows will have three fletches, but some have four or even more. Fletchings generally range from two to six inches in length; flight arrows intended to travel the maximum possible distance typically have very low fletching, hunting arrows with broadheads require long and high fletching to stabilize them against the aerodynamic effect of the head.


With conventional three-feather fletching, one feather, called the "cock" feather, is at a right angle to the nock, and is conventionally placed so that it will not contact the bow when the arrow is shot. Four-feather fletching has the advantage that there is no cock feather, so making nocking the arrow slightly easier; this may help very young children in particular to enjoy archery.


A flu-flu is a form of fletching, normally made by using long sections of full length feathers, in most cases six or more sections are used rather than the traditional three. Alternatively two long feathers can be spiraled around the end of the arrow shaft. The extra fletching generates more drag and slows the arrow down rapidly after a short distance, about 30m or so. specifically designed to travel a short distance, this is particularly useful when shooting at aerial targets or for certain recreative uses of archery where you deliberately do not want the arrow to travel too far and get lost. ...


Flu-Flu arrows are often used for hunting birds, or for children's archery, and can be used to play Flu-Flu Golf. Look for Flu-Flu Golf on one of Wikipedias sister projects: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Nocks

The nock serves to keep the arrow in place on the string as the bow is being drawn. Nocks may be simple slots cut in the back of the arrow, or separate pieces made from wood, plastic, or horn that are then attached to the end of the arrow. [8] Modern nocks, and traditional Turkish nocks, are often so constructed as to curve around the string or even pinch it slightly, so that the arrow is unlikely to slip off. [9]


See also

Archery is the practice of using a bow to shoot arrows. ... A Swiss arrow, more commonly called a Dutch arrow, but also a Yorkshire arrow, or a Gypsy arrow is similar to a standard arrow, with the addition of a small notch close to the fletching. ... specifically designed to travel a short distance, this is particularly useful when shooting at aerial targets or for certain recreative uses of archery where you deliberately do not want the arrow to travel too far and get lost. ... // Arrow poisons are used to poison arrow heads or darts for the purposes of hunting. ... Note: a quarrel may also mean an argument or fight. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ a b c Stone, George Cameron (1934). A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration, and Use of Arms and Armor in All Countries and in All Times, Mineola: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-40726-8
  2. ^ Turkish Archery and the Composite Bow. Paul E. Klopsteg ISBN-10: 1564160939 ISBN-13: 978-1564160935
  3. ^ Langston, Gene (1994). "Custom Shafts", The Traditional Bowyer's Bible - Volume Three. Guilford: The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-58574-087-X. 
  4. ^ SCA missile combat rules
  5. ^ Parker, Glenn (1992). "Steel Points", The Traditional Bowyer's Bible - Volume Two. Guilford: The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-58574-086-1. 
  6. ^ Gardens of War: Life and Death in the New Guinea Stone Age. Robert Gardner. Deutsch 1969. ISBN-10: 0233961402, ISBN-13: 978-0233961408
  7. ^ Ffoulkes, Charles [1912] (1988). The Armourer and his Craft, Dover reprint, Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-25851-3. 
  8. ^ Massey, Jay(1992). "Self Arrows" in The Traditional Bowyer's Bible - Volume One, Guilford: The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-58574-085-3
  9. ^ Stone, G.C. "A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armor"

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fact Sheet: Order of the Arrow (836 words)
All of the elected section chiefs form the conference committee for the annual Order of the Arrow program of emphasis, which is held under the guidance of the national OA Committee.
The region chief is the youth leader of the region and elected by the section chiefs in his region for a term of office specified by the national Order of the Arrow Committee, which coincides with the terms of the national chief and vice chief.
The national OA committee chairman is appointed by the chairman of the national Boy Scout Committee.
Kenneth Arrow, Biography: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and Liberty (608 words)
Arrow went on to show, in a 1951 article, that a competitive economy in equilibrium is efficient and that any efficient allocation could be reached by having the government use lump-sum taxes to redistribute, and then letting the market work.
Arrow also showed, with coauthor Gerard Debreu, that under certain conditions an economy reaches a general equilibrium—that is, an equilibrium in which all markets are in equilibrium.
Arrow was also one of the first economists to note the existence of a learning curve.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m