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Encyclopedia > Arracacha
White carrot
Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. Modern classification has its roots in the system of Carolus Linnaeus, who grouped species according to shared physical characteristics. These groupings have been revised since Linnaeus to improve consistency with the Darwinian... Scientific classification
Kingdom: Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta... Plantae
Division: Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. The other seed plants are called gymnosperms; here the ovule is... Magnoliophyta
Class: Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. Flowering plants or angiosperms that are not dicotyledonous are monocotyledonous: having one embryonic leaf. See How to distinguish a monocot from a dicot for other characteristics that separate these two large groups of... Magnoliopsida
Order: Families Apiaceae (carrot family) Araliaceae (ginseng family) Pittosporaceae Griseliniaceae Torriceliaceae The Apiales are an order of flowering plants. The families given at right are typical of newer classifications, though there is some slight variation, and in particular the Torriceliaceae may be divided. These families are placed within the asterid group... Apiales
Family: Genera See text Ref: Hortiplex 2003-11-14 The Apiaceae, the carrot or parsley family, are a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, including parsley, carrot, and other relatives. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species. They were originally called... Apiaceae
Genus: Arracacia
In biology, a species is a kind of organism. Loosely speaking, a species is a related group of organisms that share a more or less distinctive form and are capable of interbreeding. As defined by Ernst Mayr, species are groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations which are reproductively... Species: xanthorrhiza
In biology, binomial nomenclature is a standard convention used for naming species. As the word binomial suggests, the scientific name of a species is formed by the combination of two terms: the genus name and the species epithet or descriptor. The first term (generic name) is always capitalized, while the... Binomial name
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancroft

The arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) is a A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation and enjoyment of nature. The garden can incorporate both natural and man-made materials. In its most common form, known as a residential garden, it is found adjacent to or near to a residence, and it... garden Root vegetables, broadly speaking, are plants whose the underground parts (generally storage organs) are used as food. Many of them are not roots, botanically speaking. The potato, Jerusalem artichoke and ginger, for example, are underground stems, i.e. rhizomes or tubers. List of Root Vegetables Categories: Vegetables ... root vegetable originally from the See also architecture with non_sequential dynamic execution scheduling (ANDES). Please note that the geology in this article reflects views from the first decade of the 20th century. It is a good example of the descriptive geology of that time, but because it is pre_plate tectonics cannot be relied on when... Andes, somewhat intermediate between the Binomial name Daucus carota A carrot (Daucus Carota) is a root vegetable, typically orange or white in color with a woody texture. The edible part of a carrot is a taproot. The word also names a river in Saskatchewan, Canada: see Carrot River Uses Carrots are often eaten raw, whole... carrot and Binomial name Apium graveolens Linnaeus Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is a biennial plant belonging to the order Umbelliferae (Apiales) In its native condition, is known in England as smallage. In its wild state, it is common by the sides of ditches and in marshy places, especially near the sea. It... celery. Its Starch is a complex carbohydrate which is insoluble in water. Starch (in particular cornstarch) is used in cooking for thickening sauces. In industry, it is used in the manufacture of adhesives, paper, and textiles. Biochemistry In biochemistry, starch is a mix of two polymeric carbohydrates (polysaccharides) called amylose and amylopectin... starchy A plants taproot is a straight tapering root that grows vertically down. It forms a center from which other roots sprout. Plants with taproots are difficult to transplant. The taproot is why dandelions are hard to uproot — the top is pulled, but the long taproot stays in the... taproot is a popular food item in South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America only recently, geologically speaking, with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama... South America — especially in The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil where it is a major commercial crop.


The name arracacha (or racacha) was borrowed into This article is about the international language known as Spanish. For other languages spoken in Spain see Languages of Spain. Spanish or Castilian is an Iberian Romance language, and the third or fourth most spoken language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by about 352 million... Spanish from Quechua (Quechua, Runa Simi) is an American Indian language native to South America and related to Aymará, both members of the Quechumaran linguistic stock. It was the official language of the Tahuantinsuyu (Inca empire), and today is spoken in various dialects by some 9.6 million people throughout South America... Quechua, and is used in the Andean region. The plant is also called apio criollo ( For the languages, see Creole language The term Creole is used with different meanings in different contexts, which can generate confusion. Generally it refers to a people or a culture that is distinctive or local to a region, but with various additional shades of meaning. Latin American Creole In most... creole Binomial name Apium graveolens Linnaeus Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is a biennial plant belonging to the order Umbelliferae (Apiales) In its native condition, is known in England as smallage. In its wild state, it is common by the sides of ditches and in marshy places, especially near the sea. It... celery) in The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela)1 is a country in northern South America.2 It borders the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Off the Venezuelan coast are... Venezuela, zanahoria blanca (white Binomial name Daucus carota A carrot (Daucus Carota) is a root vegetable, typically orange or white in color with a woody texture. The edible part of a carrot is a taproot. The word also names a river in Saskatchewan, Canada: see Carrot River Uses Carrots are often eaten raw, whole... carrot) in The Republic of Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, bounded by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean on the west. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands (Colón Archipelago) in the Pacific, about 965 km (about... Ecuador, virraca in The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru is rich... Peru, and mandioquinha or batata-baroa in The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil.

Contents

Description

The leaves vary from dark green to purple. The roots resemble fat short carrots, with lustrous off-white skin. The interior may be white, yellow, or purple.


Uses

The most important part is the starchy root. It cannot be eaten raw, but when cooked it develops a distinctive flavor and aroma that have been described as "a delicate blend of celery, cabbage and roast chestnuts".


The boiled root has about the same uses as boiled potatoes, including side dishes, purées, A dumpling may be any of a wide variety of dishes, both sweet and savoury, in several different cuisines. They are either made from balls of dough or are small parcels of food encased in pastry, dough, batter or leaves. United States The baked dumpling is popular in the United... dumplings and Gnocchi is a type of dumpling made of potato and semolina (durum wheat) or flour. Although the dish is Italian, the word comes from a Germanic word for a knot (as in wood), possibly because of its short, squat shape. Gnocchi are often listed among pasta dishes, although gnocchi has... gnocchi, pastries, etc., with the advantage of its flavor and (depending on the variety) its intense color. In the Andes region it is made into fried chips, biscuits, and coarse flour. Because it is highly digestible (due to the small size of its Starch is a complex carbohydrate which is insoluble in water. Starch (in particular cornstarch) is used in cooking for thickening sauces. In industry, it is used in the manufacture of adhesives, paper, and textiles. Biochemistry In biochemistry, starch is a mix of two polymeric carbohydrates (polysaccharides) called amylose and amylopectin... starch grains), its purées and soups are considered excellent for babies and children.


Fresh arracachas keep in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 weeks. 100 grams of arracacha provide about 100 A calorie refers to a unit of energy. There are two common but different meanings: one is used in food and nutrition, the other was formerly widely used in chemistry, and a food calorie represents 1000 chemistry calories. The food calorie is sometimes capitalized as Calorie to distinguish it from... calories (26 g of dry matter, 23 g being Carbohydrates (literally hydrates of carbon) are chemical compounds that act as the primary biological means of storing or consuming energy, other forms being fat and protein. Relatively complex carbohydrates are known as polysaccharides. Carbohydrates are naturally produced by plants. A more precise definition of carbohydrates is: carbohydrates are polyhydroxyaldehydes, or... carbohydrate, 1.1 g of General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metal Group, Period, Block 8 (VIIIB), 4 , d Density, Hardness 7874 kg/m3, 4.0 Appearance lustrous metallic with a greyish tinge Atomic properties Atomic weight 55.845 amu Atomic radius (calc.) 140 (156) pm Covalent radius 125 pm van... iron, and less than 1 g of A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. This protein was the first to have its structure solved by X-ray crystallography by Max Perutz and Sir John Cowdery Kendrew in 1958, which led to them receiving a Nobel Prize in Chemistry. A protein (in Greek... protein). The plant is rich in See also Calcium, New York, United States. General Name, Symbol, Number calcium, Ca, 20 Series alkaline earth metal Group, Period, Block 2 (IIA), 4, s Density, Hardness 1550 kg/m3, 1.75 Appearance silvery white Atomic properties Atomic weight 40.078 amu Atomic radius (calc.) 180 (194) pm Covalent radius... calcium (four times as much as potatoes).


The yellow variety contains substantial amounts of carotenoid pigments, precursors to Retinol, the dietary form of vitamin A, is a fat-soluble, antioxidant vitamin important in vision and bone growth. It belongs to the family of chemical compounds known as retinoids. Retinol is ingested in a precursor form; animal sources (milk and eggs) contain retinyl esters, whereas plants (carrots, spinach) contain... vitamin A; to the point that excessive consumption of arracachas may cause yellowing of the skin (a condition that is not considered to be harmful).


The young stems can be eaten cooked or in salads, and the leaves can be fed to livestock.


Cultivation

The plant is very susceptible to viruses and is slow to mature (10-12 months), but requires much less fertilizer input than the Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. Potatoes form the worlds most important non-cereal crop, and grow world-wide. Growers cultivate thousands of different varieties of potato. The potato is unrelated... potato, and is very lucrative. It was imported into Brazil in the Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. In the sense of the Common Era... 19th century and has been grown commercially since the 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January - State of emergency is lifted in Kenya - Mau Mau Rebellion is officially over January 1 - Independence of Cameroon January 9 - Aswan High Dam construction begins in Egypt January 14 - Ralph Chubb, the... 1960s. Brazilian crop improvement programs have developed varieties that grow in seven months.


Harvest season (in the Southern Hemisphere) spans from January to September. The roots must be picked promptly lest they become woody. They have a short shelf life and must reach consumers within a week of harvest. The plant grows west of the Andes at altitudes varying from 200 m to 3600 m, but optimally between 1800 and 2500 m. It is frequently grown with other crops such as Species Zea diploperennis Zea luxurians Zea mays ssp. huehuetenangensis Zea mays ssp. mays Zea mays ssp. mexicana Zea mays ssp. parviglumis Zea nicaraguensis Zea perennis References ITIS 42268 2002-09-22 Sorting Zea names This article is about the staple food. For information about the town with that name, see... maize, This article is on the plant. For alternate meanings, see Bean (disambiguation) Green beans Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) (English: leguminous, legumes), used for food or feed. Name Bean originally meant the seed of the fava bean, but was... beans, and Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. Coffee bean types Coffea arabica - Brazil There are two main species of the coffee plant; Coffea arabica is the traditional coffee, and considered superior in... coffee.


See also

  • Binomial name Daucus carota A carrot (Daucus Carota) is a root vegetable, typically orange or white in color with a woody texture. The edible part of a carrot is a taproot. The word also names a river in Saskatchewan, Canada: see Carrot River Uses Carrots are often eaten raw, whole... Carrot
  • Parsley (Petroselinum crispum and Petroselinum neapolitanum) is a bright green, biennial herb that is very common in Middle Eastern, European, and American cooking. Parsleys value as a breath-freshener, and much of its taste, come from its high concentration of chlorophyll. Two forms of parsley are used as herbs... Parsley
  • Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz Cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta; also yuca in Spanish, and mandioca, aipim, or macaxera in Portuguese) is a woody perennial shrub of the spurge family, that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop for its edible starchy tuberous root. It was originally observed in what... Cassava
  • Genera See text Ref: Hortiplex 2003-11-14 The Apiaceae, the carrot or parsley family, are a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, including parsley, carrot, and other relatives. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species. They were originally called... Apiaceae

  Results from FactBites:
 
Arracacha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (510 words)
The arracacha is a garden root vegetable originally from the Andes, somewhat intermediate between the carrot and celery.
The name arracacha (or racacha) was borrowed into Spanish from Quechua, and is used in the Andean region.
The yellow cultivar contains substantial amounts of carotenoid pigments, precursors to vitamin A, to the point that excessive consumption of arracachas may cause yellowing of the skin (a condition that is not considered to be harmful).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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