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Encyclopedia > Arnold Zweig

Arnold Zweig (November 10, 1887 - November 26, 1968) was a German writer and an active pacifist. November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ...


Life and work

He was born in Glogau (today Glogow, Poland) as a son of a Jewish saddler. After attending a gymnasium in Kattowitz (Katowice), he made extensive studies in several universities - Breslau (Wroclaw), Munich, Berlin, Göttingen, Rostock and Tübingen. He was especially influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche's thinking. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Gymnasium can have following meanings: Gymnasium (ancient Greece)—an educational and sporting institution in Ancient Greece Gymnasium—a school of secondary education found in several European countries (approx. ... Katowice (pronounce: [katÉ”vʲitsÉ›], original former Polish name KÄ…towicze, Czech Katovice, German Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the Klodnica and Rawa rivers. ... Wrocław, ( [:vrɔʦwaf]), German Breslau, Czech Vratislav, Latin Wratislavia; many Polish documents in English use the spelling Wroclaw) is the capital of Silesia in southwestern Poland, situated on the Oder River (Odra). ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the state capital of the German state of Bavaria. ...   Berlin? (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city; down from 4. ... Landmark Gänseliesel fountain at the main market Göttingen (   listen?) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Rostock (Slavic origin: roztoka, Polish: Roztoka) is a city in northern Germany. ... Tübingen, Neckar front Tübingen, an old university city of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, is situated 20 miles southwest of Stuttgart, on a ridge between the River Neckar and the Ammer. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a profoundly influential German philosopher, psychologist, and classical philologist. ...


His first literary works Novellen um Claudia and Ritualmord in Ungarn gain him wider recognition.


He took part in WW I and he was converted by his experience from a Prussian patriot to an eager pacifist. By the end of the war he was assigned to the Press department of the German Army Headquarters in Kaunas and there he was first introduced to the East European Jewish organisations. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


After the WW I he was an active socialistic zionist in Germany. After the Hitler's coup in 1923 Zweig went to Berlin and worked there as the editor-in-chief of a newspaper "Jüdischen Rundschau". From 1929 he was a contributing journalist of anti-Nazi newspaper Die Weltbühne (World Stage). When the Nazis took over the power in 1933 he was forced into exile, first to Czechoslovakia, then Switzerland and France. After spending some time with Thomas Mann, Lion Feuchtwanger, Anna Seghers and Bertolt Brecht in France he set out to Palestine. In Haifa, Palestine he published a German newspaper "Orient". During the years spent in Palestine he became disillusioned with Zionism and turned to socialism. In 1948 he decided to return to the Soviet Zone (later called the GDR). A bilingual poster in Romanian and Hungarian promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Die Weltbühne (english: the World Stage) was a German weekly magazine focused on politics, art, and business. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Thomas Mann Paul Thomas Mann (June 6, 1875 – August 12, 1955) was a German novelist, social critic, philanthropist and essayist, lauded principally for a series of highly symbolic and often ironic epic novels and mid-length stories, noted for their insight into the psychology of the artist and intellectual and... Lion Feuchtwanger (pseudonym: J.L. Wetcheek) (7 July 1884 - 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist who was imprisoned in a French internment camp in Les Milles and later escaped to Los Angeles with the help of his wife, Marta. ... Anna Seghers (November 19, 1900 - June 1, German writer who was born in Mainz and died in Berlin. ... Bertolt Brecht (February 10, 1898 – August 14, 1956) was an influential German dramatist, stage director, and poet of the 20th century. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Haifa (Hebrew חֵיפָה Ḥefa, Ḥeyfa; Arabic حَيْفَا Ḥayfā) is the third-largest city in Israel, with a population close to 300,000. ... The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ... The German Democratic Republic (GDR) (German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik), also commonly known as East Germany, was a communist state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ... Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ...


In East Germany he was in many ways involved in the communist system. He was a member of parliament, delegate to the World Peace Council Congresses and the cultural advisory board of the communist party. He was President of the German Academy of the Arts from 1950-53. He is rewarded with many prizes and medals by the regime. From 1962 due to health reasons he virtually withdrew from the political and artistic fields.


He died in East Berlin on the 26 November, 1968.


He is best known for his WW I trilogy.


Bibliography

Major works:

  • Young Woman of 1914
  • Playthings of Time
  • The Time is Ripe
  • The Case of Sergeant Grischa (1927)
  • Education before Verdun (1935)
  • The Axe of Wandsbek (1947)

 
 

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