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Encyclopedia > Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger


Incumbent
Assumed office 
November 17, 2003
Lieutenant Cruz Bustamante
(2003-2007)
John Garamendi
(2007-Present)
Preceded by Gray Davis

In office
1990 – 1993
President George H. W. Bush

Born July 30, 1947 (1947-07-30) (age 60)
Thal, Styria, Austria
Nationality Austrian-American
Political party Republican
Spouse Maria Shriver (1986-present)
Children Katherine (born 1989)
Christina (born 1991)
Patrick (born 1993)
Christopher (born 1997)
Residence Brentwood, Los Angeles, CA
Alma mater University of Wisconsin-Superior
Profession Bodybuilder, Actor, Politician, Businessman (Investments)
Religion Roman Catholic
Website gov.ca.gov
schwarzenegger.com

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German IPA[ˌaɐnɔlt aloʏs ˈʃvaɐtsənɛɡɐ]; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe-winning actor, businessman and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ImageMetadata File history File links Arnold_Schwarzenegger. ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that... Open seat redirects here. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lieutenant Governor of California is a statewide constitutional officer elected separately from the Governor that serves as the vice-executive of California. ... Cruz Miguel Bustamante (born January 4, 1953) is an American politician. ... John Raymond Garamendi (born January 24, 1945) is a U.S. politician and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Joseph Graham Davis Jr. ... The Presidents Council on Physical Fitness and Sports is an American government organisation that aims to promote, encourage and motivate Americans of all ages to become physically active and participate in sports. History The Presidents Council on Youth Fitness was founded on 16 July 1956 to encourage American... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thal is a small village in Austria, near the city of Graz. ... “Styria” redirects here. ... GOP redirects here. ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ; born November 6, 1955)[1] is an award-winning American journalist from the Kennedy Family, a prolific author and First Lady of California. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... This article is about the neighborhood in Los Angeles. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... For other uses, see Alma mater (disambiguation). ... 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The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bodybuilder Anders Graneheim (Sweden) Bodybuilding is the sport of developing muscle fibers through the combination of weight training, increased caloric intake, and rest. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... A businessman (sometimes businesswoman, female; or businessperson, gender neutral) is a generic term for a wide range of people engaged in profit-oriented enterprises, generally the management of a company. ... Politics of the United States takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of the United States is head of state, head of government, and of a de facto two-party legislative and electoral system. ... Seal of the Governor of California (without the Roman numerals designating the governors sequence). ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S state. ...


As a young man, Schwarzenegger gained widespread attention as a highly successful bodybuilder. He later gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action film icon. Schwarzenegger was nicknamed "The Austrian Oak" and "The Styrian Oak" in his bodybuilding days, "Arnold Strong" and "Arnie" during his acting career, and more recently "The Governator" (a portmanteau of Governor and Terminator, referring to his internationally popular film role).[1] ... “Styria” redirects here. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Information Portrayed by Arnold Schwarzenegger Created by James Cameron & Gale Anne Hurd The Terminator is a fictional character portrayed by Arnold Schwarzenegger -- a cyborg[1], initially portrayed as a programmable assassin and military infiltration unit. ...


Schwarzenegger is married to Maria Shriver and has four children. As a Republican, he was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. Schwarzenegger was sworn in on November 17, 2003, to serve the remainder of Davis's term. Schwarzenegger was then reelected on November 7, 2006, in California's 2006 gubernatorial election, to serve a full term as governor, defeating Democrat Phil Angelides, who was California State Treasurer at the time. Schwarzenegger was sworn in for a second term on January 5, 2007.[2] In May 2004 and 2007, he was named as one of the Time 100 people who help shape the world.[3][4] Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ; born November 6, 1955)[1] is an award-winning American journalist from the Kennedy Family, a prolific author and First Lady of California. ... GOP redirects here. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of the 2003 California recall The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ... Joseph Graham Davis Jr. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2006 California gubernatorial election occurred on November 7, 2006. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... California State Treasurer Phil Angelides Philip Nicholas Phil Angelides (IPA: æn. ... The California State Treasurer is responsible for the states investment and finance. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Time 100 cover for 2007 The Time 100 is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world, as assembled by Time. ...

Contents

Early life

Schwarzenegger was born in Thal, Austria (German: Thal bei Graz), a small village bordering the Styrian capital Graz, and was christened Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger.[5] His parents were the local police chief Gustav Schwarzenegger (1907 – 1972), and his wife, the former Aurelia Jadrny (1922 – 1998). They were married on October 20, 1945 — Gustav was 38, and Aurelia was a 23-year-old widow with a son named Meinhard. According to Schwarzenegger, both of his parents were "very strict": "Back then in Austria it was a very different world, if we did something bad or we disobeyed our parents, the rod was not spared."[6] He grew up in a Roman Catholic family who attended church service every Sunday.[7] Thal is a small village in Austria, near the city of Graz. ... “Styria” redirects here. ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ... Infant baptism (also called paedobaptism and pedobaptism), the baptism of the infant children of believers, is an ancient custom of much of Christianity, including the Roman Catholic church, the Orthodox churches, Anglicans, Lutherans, Presbyterians, and Methodists, to name a few. ... Chief of Police in United States usage is the title typically given to the head of a police department. ... Gustav Schwarzenegger (August 17, 1907 – December 1, 1972) was an Austrian police chief (Gendarmeriekommandant), postal inspector, a senior non-commissioned military police officer, who later became notable as the father of Hollywood star and Governor of California Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Gustav had a preference for Meinhard, the elder of the two sons.[8] His favoritism was "strong and blatant," which stemmed from unfounded suspicion "that Arnold wasn’t his child."[9] Schwarzenegger has said his father had "no patience for listening or understanding your problems…there was a wall; a real wall."[7] Schwarzenegger had a good relationship with his mother, and kept in touch with her until her death.[10] Schwarzenegger has reportedly disavowed Nazi views.[11] In later life, Schwarzenegger commissioned the Simon Wiesenthal Centre to research his father's wartime record, which came up with no evidence of atrocities.[8] At school, Schwarzenegger was apparently "in the middle," but stood out for his "cheerful, good-humored and exuberant" character.[7] Money was a problem in the household; Schwarzenegger has recalled that one of the highlights of his youth was when the family bought a refrigerator.[9] National Socialism redirects here. ... The Simon Wiesenthal Center The Simon Wiesenthal Center (often abbreviated SWC) was established in 1977. ...


As a boy, Schwarzenegger played many sports—heavily influenced by his father.[7] He picked up his first barbell in 1960, when his football coach took his team to a local gym.[5] At the age of 14, Schwarzenegger chose bodybuilding over football as a career.[12][13] Schwarzenegger has responded to a question asking if he was age 13 when he started weightlifting: "I actually started weight training when I was fifteen, but I'd been participating in sports, like soccer, for years, so I felt that although I was slim, I was well-developed, at least enough so that I could start going to the gym and start Olympic lifting."[6] However, his official website biography claims: "At 14, he started an intensive training program with Kurt Marnul, studied psychology at 15 (to learn more about the power of mind over body) and at 17, officially started his competitive career."[14] During a speech in 2001, he said, "My own plan formed when I was 14 years old. My father had wanted me to be a police officer like he was. My mother wanted me to go to trade school."[15] Schwarzenegger took to visiting a gym in Graz, where he also frequented the local movie theaters to see bodybuilding idols such as Reg Park, Steve Reeves, and Johnny Weissmuller on the big screen. "I was inspired by individuals like Reg Park and Steve Reeves."[6] When Reeves passed away in 2000, Schwarzenegger fondly remembered him: "As a teenager, I grew up with Steve Reeves. His remarkable accomplishments allowed me a sense of what was possible, when others around me didn't always understand my dreams ... Steve Reeves has been part of everything I've ever been fortunate enough to achieve."[16] In 1961, Schwarzenegger met former Mr. Austria Kurt Marnul, who invited him to train at the gym in Graz.[5] He was so dedicated as a youngster that he was known to break into the local gym on weekends, when it was usually closed, so that he could train. "It would make me sick to miss a workout … I knew I couldn't look at myself in the mirror the next morning if I didn't do it."[6] When Schwarzenegger was asked about his first movie experience as a boy, he replied, "I was very young, but I remember my father taking me to the Austrian theaters and seeing some newsreels. The first real movie I saw, that I distinctly remember, was a John Wayne movie."[6] This article is about the exercise equipment. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Professional Bodybuilder Gustavo Badell posing Bodybuilding is the process of maximizing muscle hypertrophy through the combination of weight training, sufficient caloric intake, and rest. ... Roy Reg Park (8 June 1928 – 22 November 2007) from Yorkshire, England, was a former bodybuilder, businessman and film actor. ... Stephen L. Reeves (January 21, 1926 – May 5, 2000), was a bodybuilder, actor, and author. ... Johnny Weissmuller (June 2, 1904 – January 20, 1984) was an American swimmer and actor who was one of the worlds best swimmers in the 1920s, winning five Olympic gold medals and one bronze medal. ... For other persons named John Wayne, see John Wayne (disambiguation). ...


In 1971, his brother Meinhard died in a car accident.[5] Meinhard had been drinking, and was killed instantly, and Schwarzenegger did not attend his funeral.[9] He was due to marry Erika Knapp, and the couple shared a three-year-old son Patrick; Schwarzenegger would pay for Patrick's education and a life in the United States.[9] Gustav died the following year from a stroke.[5] In Pumping Iron, Schwarzenegger claimed that he did not attend his father's funeral because he was training for a bodybuilding contest. Later, he and the film's producer both stated that this story was taken from another bodybuilder for the purpose of showing the extremes that some would go to for their sport, and to make Schwarzenegger's image more cold and machinelike to fan controversy for the film.[17] Barbara Baker, his first serious girlfriend, has said he informed her of his father's death without emotion, and never spoke of his brother.[18] Over time, he has given at least three versions of why he did not attend his father's funeral.[9] For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... For the Beavis and Butt-head episode, see Pumping Iron (Beavis and Butt-head episode). ...


In an interview with Fortune magazine in 2004, Schwarzenegger told how he suffered what "would now be called child abuse" at the hands of his father. "My hair was pulled. I was hit with belts. So was the kid next door. It was just the way it was. Many of the children I've seen were broken by their parents, which was the German-Austrian mentality. They didn't want to create an individual. It was all about conforming. I was one who did not conform, and whose will could not be broken. Therefore, I became a rebel. Every time I got hit, and every time someone said, 'you can't do this,' I said, 'this is not going to be for much longer, because I'm going to move out of here. I want to be rich. I want to be somebody.' "[19][20] Fortune magazine is Americas second longest-running business magazine after Forbes magazine. ...


Early adulthood

Schwarzenegger served in the Austrian army in 1965, to fulfill the one year of service required at the time of all 18-year-old Austrian males.[5][14] He won the Junior Mr. Europe contest in 1965.[13] Schwarzenegger went AWOL during basic training so that he could take part in the competition, and spent a week in an army jail: "Participating in the competition meant so much to me that I didn't carefully think through the consequences. When I got to Stuttgart, I was all confused. I forgot my posing routine, I had to borrow posing trunks, but still I won!"[6] Contrary to popular belief, it was not Schwarzenegger's bodybuilding debut, which had occurred two years earlier at a minor contest in Graz, at Steirer Hof Hotel (where he had placed second). He was voted best built man of Europe, which made him famous. The name of the Military of Austria is Bundesheer (Federal Army). Between 1918 and 1921, the Austrian semi-regular army was called Volkswehr (Peoples Defence), and fought against Yugoslavian army units occupying parts of Carinthia. ... AWOL (pronounced a-wall) is an acronym for the United States and other armed forces expression Absent WithOut Leave or Absence Without Official Leave. The United States Marine Corps and the United States Navy use the term Unauthorized Absence (UA) instead. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


"The Mr. Universe title was my ticket to America — the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get rich."[15] Schwarzenegger made his first plane trip in 1966, attending the NABBA Mr. Universe competition in London.[14] He would come in second in the Mr. Universe competition, not having the muscle "definition" of American winner Chester Yorton.[14] He would win the title for the first time in 1967 (he invented new exercises to separate and define his muscle groups), becoming the youngest ever Mr. Universe at the age of 20.[14] He would go on to win the title a further four times.[13] Schwarzenegger then flew back to Munich, training for four to six hours daily, attending business school and working in a health club (Rolf Putzinger's gym where he worked and trained from 1966-1968), returning in 1968 to London to win his next Mr. Universe title.[14] He frequently told Roger Field, a friend in Munich at that time "I'm going to become the greatest actor!" The Universe Championships are an annual bodybuilding event organised by the National Amateur Bodybuilders Association (NABBA). ... The Universe Championships is an annual bodybuilding event organised by the National Amateur Body Building Association (NABBA). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Chester Yorton is a bodybuilder. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ...


Move to the U.S.

Schwarzenegger with President Ronald Reagan, 1984
Schwarzenegger with President Ronald Reagan, 1984

Schwarzenegger moved to the United States in September 1968 at the age of 21, speaking little English.[5][13] "Naturally, when I came to this country, my English was very bad, and my accent was also very strong, which was an obstacle as I began to pursue acting."[6] There he trained at Gold's Gym in Santa Monica, California, under the patronage of Joe Weider. From 1970 to 1974, one of Schwarzenegger's weight training partners was Ric Drasin, the bodybuilder and professional wrestler who designed the original Gold's Gym logo in 1973.[21] Schwarzenegger also became good friends with professional wrestler "Superstar" Billy Graham. In 1970, at age 23, he captured his first Mr. Olympia title in New York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times.[14] Reagan redirects here. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Golds Gym International, Inc. ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city located in Los Angeles County, California USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, west of Westwood, Los Angeles, and north of Venice. ... Josef E. Joe Weider (born November 29, 1922 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada) is the co-founder of the International Federation of BodyBuilders (IFBB) along with brother Ben Weider and creator of the Mr. ... Image used by permission from http://www. ... ... Superstar Billy Graham Eldridge Wayne Coleman, better known by his stage name Superstar Billy Graham (born September 10, 1943), is an American professional wrestler. ... This article is about the state. ...


In 1969, Schwarzenegger met Barbara Outland Baker, an English teacher he lived with until 1974.[22] Schwarzenegger talked about Barbara in his memoir in 1977: "Basically it came down to this: she was a well-balanced woman who wanted an ordinary, solid life, and I was not a well-balanced man, and hated the very idea of ordinary life."[22] Baker has described Schwarzenegger as "a joyful personality, totally charismatic, adventurous, and athletic" but claims towards the end of the relationship he became "insufferable — classically conceited — the world revolved around him."[22] Baker published her memoir in 2006, entitled Arnold and Me: In the Shadow of the Austrian Oak.[23] Although Baker, at times, paints an unflattering portrait of her former lover — Schwarzenegger actually contributed to the "tell-all" book with a "foreword," and also met with Baker for three hours.[23] Baker claims, for example, that she only learned of his being unfaithful after they split, and talks of a turbulent and passionate love life.[23] Schwarzenegger has made it clear that their respective recollection of events can differ.[23] The couple first met six to eight months after his arrival in the U.S. — their first date was watching the first Apollo Moon landing on television.[18] They shared an apartment in Santa Monica for three and a half years, and having little money, would visit the beach all day, or have barbecues in the back yard.[18] Although Baker claims that when she first met him, he had "little understanding of polite society" and she found him a "turn-off," she says, "He's as much a self-made man as it's possible to be — he never got encouragement from his parents, his family, his brother. He just had this huge determination to prove himself, and that was very attractive ... I'll go to my grave knowing Arnold loved me."[18] As a literary genre, a memoir (from the French: mémoire from the Latin memoria, meaning memory), or a reminiscence, forms a subclass of autobiography, although it is an older form of writing. ... An intimate relationship is a interpersonal relationship where there is a great deal of physical or emotional intimacy. ... Apollo Program insignia Project Apollo was a series of human spaceflight missions undertaken by the United States of America using the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn launch vehicle, conducted during the years 1961–1972. ... This article is about the structure. ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city located in Los Angeles County, California USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, west of Westwood, Los Angeles, and north of Venice. ...


Schwarzenegger met his next love, Sue Moray, a Beverly Hills hairdresser's assistant, on Venice Beach in July 1977.[9] According to Moray, the couple led an "open relationship": "We were faithful when we were both in LA...but when he was out of town, we were free to do whatever we wanted."[9] Schwarzenegger met Maria Shriver at the Robert F. Kennedy Tennis Tournament in August 1977, and went on to have a relationship with both women until August 1978, when Moray (who knew of his relationship with Shriver) issued an ultimatum.[9] For other uses, see: Beverly Hills (disambiguation). ... ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ; born November 6, 1955)[1] is an award-winning American journalist from the Kennedy Family, a prolific author and First Lady of California. ...


Schwarzenegger has said his "big dream" from the age of 10 was to move to the U.S.[24] He questioned what he was doing "on the farm" in Austria, and believed bodybuilding was his "ticket to America": "I’m sure I can go to America if I win Mr. Universe."[24] LA Weekly said in 2002 that Schwarzenegger is the most famous immigrant in America, who "overcame a thick Austrian accent and transcended the unlikely background of bodybuilding to become the biggest movie star in the world in the 1990s."[24] L.A. Weekly is a free weekly tabloid-sized newspaper (a so-called alternative weekly) in Los Angeles, California. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ...


Schwarzenegger may have been an illegal immigrant at some point in the late 1960s or early 1970s, by violating the terms of his visa.[25] Illegal immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently, in violation of the law or without documents permitting an immigrant to settle in that country. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979; it is commonly called The Seventies. ... Entry visa valid in Schengen treaty countries. ...


Bodybuilding career

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Personal Info
Nickname The Austrian Oak
Birth July 30, 1947 (1947-07-30) (age 60), Thal bei Graz, Steiermark, Austria
Height 6 ft 1.5 in (1.87 m)[26]
Weight 235 pounds (107 kg)
Professional Career
Pro-debut NABBA Mr. Universe, 1968
Best win IFBB Mr. Olympia, 1970-1975, 1980, Seven Times
Predecessor Sergio Oliva ('69), Frank Zane ('79)
Successor Franco Columbu ('76"), Franco Columbu ('81)
Active Retired 1980
See also: Bodybuilding competitions featuring Arnold Schwarzenegger

Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition. Schwarzenegger has remained a prominent face in the bodybuilding sport long after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows. For many years, he wrote a monthly column for the bodybuilding magazines Muscle & Fitness and Flex. Shortly after being elected Governor, he was appointed executive editor of both magazines, in a largely symbolic capacity. The magazines agreed to donate $250,000 a year to the Governor's various physical fitness initiatives. The magazine MuscleMag International has a monthly two-page article on him, and refers to him as "The King." is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thal is a small village in Austria, near the city of Graz. ... Styria (Steiermark in German, Štajerska in Slovenian) is a federal state or Bundesland, located in the south east of Austria. ... Sergio Oliva on the cover of X-ercise magazine Sergio Oliva (born 4 July 1941) known in bodybuilding circles as The Myth. This sobriquet was given to him by Bodybuilder/Writer; Rick Wayne. ... Frank Zane on the cover of Mind, Body, Spirit Frank Zane (born June 28, 1942 in Kingston, Pennsylvania) is an American former professional bodybuilder and teacher. ... Franco Columbu (August 7, 1941, Ollolai, Sardinia) is an Italian actor and bodybuilder. ... Franco Columbu (August 7, 1941, Ollolai, Sardinia) is an Italian actor and bodybuilder. ... Bodybuilding competitions featuring Arnold Schwarzenegger ... The Arnold Classic is an annual bodybuilding competition, named after Arnold Schwarzenegger, that takes place in late February or early March in Columbus, Ohio, United States. ... Muscle & Fitness is an American bodybuilding magazine. ... IFBB professional bodybuilder Kris Dim on the cover of a 2006 issue of FLEX FLEX is an American bodybuilding magazine, published by American Media, Inc. ... Editor has four major senses: Print media There are various levels of editorial positions in publishing. ...


One of the first competitions he won was the Junior Mr. Europe contest in 1965.[5] He won Mr. Europe the following year, at age 19.[5][14] He would go on to compete in and win many bodybuilding contests, as well as some powerlifting contests, including five Mr. Universe (4 — NABBA [England], 1 — IFBB [USA]) wins, and seven Mr. Olympia wins, a record which would stand until Lee Haney won his eighth consecutive Mr. Olympia title in 1991. Powerlifting is a strength sport, consisting of three events: the squat, the bench press, and the deadlift. ... The National Amateur Bodybuilders Association (NABBA) is an organisation founded in 1950 to promote bodybuilding in the United Kingdom. ... IFBB Logo The International Federation of BodyBuilders (IFBB) is a bodybuilding organization founded in 1946 by Ben and Joe Weider. ... Mr. ... Lee Haney (born November 11, 1959) is a former American IFBB professional bodybuilder most famous for being the current joint world record holder for winning the most Mr. ...


Strongman

In 1967, Schwarzenegger competed in and won the Munich stone-lifting contest, in which a stone weighing 508 German pounds (254 kg/560 lbs.) is lifted between the legs while standing on two foot rests. Schwarzenegger has said the following on his size: "During the peak of my career, my calves were 20 inches, thighs 28.5 inches, waist 34 inches, chest 57 inches, and 22-inch arms."[6]


In a full squat (buttocks close to ground) Schwarzenegger had a personal record of 180 kg for eight repetitions.


Mr. Olympia

Schwarzenegger's goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr. Olympia.[5][14] His first attempt was in 1969, when he lost to three-time champion Sergio Oliva. However, Schwarzenegger came back in 1970 and won the competition making him the youngest ever Mr. Olympia at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this day.[14] Mr. ... Sergio Oliva on the cover of X-ercise magazine Sergio Oliva (born 4 July 1941) known in bodybuilding circles as The Myth. This sobriquet was given to him by Bodybuilder/Writer; Rick Wayne. ...


He continued his winning streak in the 1971 – 1974 competitions.[14] In 1975, Schwarzenegger was once again in top form, and won the title for the sixth consecutive time,[14] beating Franco Columbu. After the 1975 Mr. Olympia contest, Schwarzenegger announced his retirement from professional bodybuilding.[14] Franco Columbu (August 7, 1941, Ollolai, Sardinia) is an Italian actor and bodybuilder. ...


Months before the 1975 Mr. Olympia contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to compete, in order to film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called Pumping Iron. Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry with Jeff Bridges. Lou Ferrigno proved not to be a threat, and a lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the 1975 Mr. Olympia. After being declared Mr. Olympia for a sixth consecutive time, Schwarzenegger retired from competition. For the Beavis and Butt-head episode, see Pumping Iron (Beavis and Butt-head episode). ... Stay Hungry is a 1976 dramatic comedy film by director Bob Rafelson from a screenplay by Charles Gaines (adapted form his 1972 novel of the same name). ... Jeffrey Leon Bridges (born December 4, 1949) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Louis Jude Ferrigno (born November 9, 1951)[1] is an American bodybuilder and actor. ...


Schwarzenegger came out of retirement, however, to compete in the 1980 Mr. Olympia.[5] Schwarzenegger was training for his role in Conan, and he got into such good shape because of the running, horseback riding, and sword training, that he decided he wanted to win the Mr. Olympia contest one last time. He kept this plan a secret, in the event that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face. Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network television, when he announced at the eleventh hour that while he was there: "Why not compete?" Schwarzenegger ended up winning the event with only seven weeks of preparation. After being declared Mr. Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger officially retired from competition. This article is about the 1982 film. ... A color (or colour) commentator is a member of the broadcasting team for a sporting event who assists the play-by-play announcer by filling in any time when play is not in progress. ... The Eleventh Hour is a figure of speech referring to the last moments before a deadline, or meant to imply that a decisive or final moment is near. ...


Steroid use

Schwarzenegger has admitted to using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in 1967 that "steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest. I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up." He has called the drugs "tissue building."[27] Crystal structure of human sex hormone-binding globulin, transporting 5α-dihydrotestosterone. ...


In 1999, Schwarzenegger sued Dr. Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted an early death for the bodybuilder, based on a link between steroid use and later heart problems. Because the doctor had never examined him personally, Schwarzenegger collected a DM20,000 ($12,000 USD) libel judgment against him in a German court. In 1999, Schwarzenegger also sued and settled with The Globe, a U.S. tabloid which had made similar predictions about the bodybuilder's future health. As late as 1996, a year before open heart surgery to replace an aortic valve with a human homograft valve,[28] Schwarzenegger publicly defended his use of anabolic steroids during his bodybuilding career.[29] The Deutsche Mark (DM, DEM) was the official currency of West and, from 1990, unified Germany. ... In English and American law, and systems based on them, libel and slander are two forms of defamation (or defamation of character), which is the tort or delict of making a false statement of fact that injures someones reputation. ... The Globe is a supermarket tabloid published in North America. ... Cardiac surgery is surgery on the heart, typically to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (e. ... The aortic valve is one of the valves of the heart. ... Aortic valve replacement is a cardiac surgery procedure in which a patients aortic valve is replaced by a different valve. ...


Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve, an aortic valve with only two leaflets (a normal aortic valve has three leaflets). Both his father and his brother had the same condition.[citation needed] A bicuspid aortic valve is a heart condition that is usually due to a congenital deformity. ...


Acting career

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Other name(s) Arnold Strong
Arnie
Occupation actor, director, producer
Years active 1970-2005 (acting)
See also: Arnold Schwarzenegger filmography

In 1970, Arnold Schwarzenegger was known as the World's Strongest Man. He had long wanted to move from bodybuilding into acting, as many of his idols had done, such as Reg Park. Initially, he had trouble breaking into films owing to his long surname, "overly" large muscles, and foreign accent, but he was nevertheless chosen to play the role of Hercules (as both Reg Park and Steve Reeves had done) in Hercules in New York (1970). The Golden Globe Award The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Razzie Award The Raspberry Awards or Razzies, first awarded in 1981, were created by John Wilson in 1980, intended to counterpoint the Academy Awards by dishonoring the worst acting, screenwriting, songwriting, directing, and films that the film industry had to offer. ... The 25th annual Golden Raspberry Awards were held on February 26, 2005 at the Ivar Theatre in Hollywood, California to recognise the worst the movie industry had to offer in 2004. ... Arnold Schwarzenegger filmography Categories: | ... Hercules in New York (Originally known as Hercules Goes Bananas) is a 1970 comedy-action film. ...


Credited under the name "Arnold Strong," his accent in the film was so thick that producers feared he would not be easily understood by audiences, so they had his lines dubbed after production.[13] His second film appearance was as a deaf and mute hit-man for the mob in director Robert Altman's The Long Goodbye (1973), which was followed by a much more significant part in the film Stay Hungry (1976), for which he was awarded a Golden Globe for Best New Male Star. Schwarzenegger has discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career. "It was very difficult for me in the beginning — I was told by agents and casting people that my body was 'too weird,' that I had a funny accent, and that my name was too long. You name it, and they told me I had to change it. Basically, everywhere I turned, I was told that I had no chance."[6] In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... The word deaf can have very different meanings depending on the background of the person speaking or the context in which the word is used. ... Speech disorders or speech impediments, as they are also called, are a type of communication disorders where normal speech is disrupted. ... For other persons named Robert Altman, see Robert Altman (disambiguation). ... The Long Goodbye is a 1973 film adaptation of Raymond Chandlers novel The Long Goodbye. ... Stay Hungry is a 1976 dramatic comedy film by director Bob Rafelson from a screenplay by Charles Gaines (adapted form his 1972 novel of the same name). ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ...


Schwarzenegger drew wide attention and boosted his profile in the bodybuilding film Pumping Iron (1977),[13][12] elements of which were dramatized. In 1991, Schwarzenegger purchased the rights to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography.[27] Arnold was auditioned for the title role of The Incredible Hulk, but he was turned down due to his height. Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr. David Banner's alter ego. Professional Bodybuilder Gustavo Badell posing Bodybuilding is the process of maximizing muscle hypertrophy through the combination of weight training, sufficient caloric intake, and rest. ... For the Beavis and Butt-head episode, see Pumping Iron (Beavis and Butt-head episode). ... This article is about the live action series. ... Louis Jude Ferrigno (born November 9, 1951)[1] is an American bodybuilder and actor. ...


Arnold also appeared with Kirk Douglas and Ann-Margret in the 1979 comedy The Villain. Schwarzenegger's breakthrough film was the "mythical epic" Conan the Barbarian in 1982, which was a box-office hit.[12] This was followed by a sequel, Conan the Destroyer in 1984, which performed disappointingly.[30] Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch[1] on December 9, 1916) is an iconic Academy Award-winning American actor and film producer known for his cleft chin, his gravelly voice and his recurring roles as the kinds of characters Douglas himself once described as sons of bitches. He is also father... Ann-Margret Ann-Margret (born April 28, 1941) is a Swedish-born actress and singer. ... For the 1917 film starring Oliver Hardy, see The Villain (1917 film). ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... Conan the Destroyer, directed by action/fantasy veteran Richard Fleischer (20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, The Vikings) as a sequel to Conan The Barbarian, was released worldwide in 1984. ...


In 1983, Arnold Schwarzenegger starred in the promotional video "Carnival in Rio". Mangueira samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro The Brazilian Carnival (Portuguese: ) is an annual celebration in Brazil held forty days before Easter and marking the start of Lent. ...


As an actor, he may be best known as the title character of director James Cameron's influential science-fiction film The Terminator (1984) and its sequels.[12][13][31] Following The Terminator, Schwarzenegger made Red Sonja in 1985, which "sank without a trace."[30] For other persons named James Cameron, see James Cameron (disambiguation). ... Sci Fi redirects here. ... This article is about the first film in the series. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


He also made a mark for injecting his films with a droll, often self-deprecating sense of humor (including sometimes famously bad puns), setting him apart from more serious action heroes such as Sylvester Stallone. Schwarzenegger's alternative-universe comedy/thriller Last Action Hero featured a poster of the movie Terminator 2: Judgment Day which, in that alternate universe, had Sylvester Stallone as its star. A similar in-joke in Twins suggested that the two actors might one day co-star, something which has yet to come to pass. During the 1980s, audiences had a large appetite for action films, with both Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone becoming international stars.[13] For other uses, see Pun (disambiguation). ... Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone[1] (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... Last Action Hero is a 1993 action comedy directed by John McTiernan. ... Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone[1] (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... Twins is a 1988 comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman about unlikely twins sepapated at birth. ...


Following his arrival as a Hollywood superstar, he made a number of successful films: Commando (1985), Raw Deal (1986), The Running Man (1987), and Red Heat (1988). In Predator (1987), another successful film, Schwarzenegger led a cast which included future Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura (Ventura also appeared in The Running Man and Batman & Robin with Schwarzenegger) and future Kentucky Gubernatorial candidate Sonny Landham. Commando is a 1985 American action film starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... Raw Deal is an action film, released on Friday, June 6, 1986, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... The Running Man is a film loosely based on the Stephen King novel of the same name, released in 1987, and was directed by Paul Michael Glaser, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger as Ben Richards. ... Red Heat is a 1988 movie in which Arnold Schwarzenegger plays Russian policeman Ivan Danko. ... Predator is a 1987 science fiction movie that was directed by John McTiernan and released on Friday, June 12. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This is a list of Governors for Minnesota: Territorial Governors State Governors See also Governor of Minnesota Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota List of Lieutenant Governors of Minnesota References The Governors Office and History, accessed February 12, 2004. ... Jesse Ventura (born July 15, 1951 as James George Janos), also known as The Body, The Star, and The Governing Body, is an American politician, retired professional wrestler, Navy UDT veteran, actor, and former radio and television talk show host. ... The Running Man is a film loosely based on the Stephen King novel of the same name, released in 1987, and was directed by Paul Michael Glaser, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger as Ben Richards. ... For the 1949 serial Batman and Robin, see Batman and Robin (serial). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This is a list of Governors of Kentucky: See also Kentucky Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Kentucky ... William M. Sonny Landham (born February 11, 1941 in Canton, Georgia) is an American movie actor and political candidate. ...


Twins (1988), a comedy with Danny DeVito, was a change of pace, and also proved to be successful. Total Recall (1990), at that time the most expensive film ever, netted Schwarzenegger $10 million and 15% of the gross, and was a widely praised, thought-provoking science-fiction script (based on the Philip K. Dick short story "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale"). Kindergarten Cop (1990) was another comedy which reunited him with director Ivan Reitman, who also directed him in Twins. Twins is a 1988 comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman about unlikely twins sepapated at birth. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... Total Recall is an American science fiction film released on June 1, 1990 starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Ronald Shusett, Dan OBannon, Jon Povill and Gary Goldman. ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... We Can Remember It for You Wholesale is a novelette by Philip K. Dick first published in The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction in April 1966. ... Kindergarten Cop (1990) is a comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... Ivan Reitman (born October 27, 1946 in Komárno in Czechoslovakia, now Slovakia) is a Slovakian-born, Canadian-raised Jewish[1] film actor, producer, and director. ...


Schwarzenegger had a brief foray into directing, first with a 1990 episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt, entitled "The Switch," and then with the 1992 telemovie Christmas in Connecticut. He has not directed since. A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Tales from the Crypt is an American horror anthology TV series that ran from 1989 to 1996 on the premium cable channel HBO. It was based on the 1950s EC Comics series of the same name and was produced by The Geffen Film Company in association with Warner Bros. ... Tales from the Crypt title screen The following is a list of episodes for the HBO television series, Tales from the Crypt which aired from 1989-1996. ... A television movie (also TV movie, TV-movie, made-for-TV movie, etc. ... Christmas in Connecticut is a 1945 christmas movie, starring Barbara Stanwyck, Dennis Morgan and Sydney Greenstreet. ...


Schwarzenegger's critical and commercial high-water mark was the 1991 sequel to his 1984 hit The Terminator: Terminator 2: Judgment Day, which was one of the highest-grossing films of the year, and surpassed the original film's success. In 1993, the National Association of Theatre Owners named him the "International Star of the Decade."[5] His next film project, the 1993 self-aware action comedy spoof Last Action Hero had the misfortune to be released opposite Jurassic Park, and suffered accordingly. Schwarzenegger's career never again achieved quite the same prominence, his aura of box-office invincibility suffering, although his next film, the action comedy True Lies (1994) was a highly popular send-up of spy films, and saw Schwarzenegger reunited with director James Cameron, whose own career had taken off with The Terminator. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ... The National Association of Theatre Owners (NATO) is a trade organization based in the United States whose members are the owners of movie theaters. ... Look up Action film in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Spoof in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Last Action Hero is a 1993 action comedy directed by John McTiernan. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... True Lies is a 1994 action/comedy remake of the 1991 French film La Totale!. It was directed by James Cameron, and stars Arnold Schwarzenegger, Jamie Lee Curtis, Tom Arnold, Bill Paxton, Tia Carrere, Charlton Heston and Art Malik. ... For other persons named James Cameron, see James Cameron (disambiguation). ... This article is about the first film in the series. ...

Schwarzenegger as Mr. Freeze in the 1997 film Batman & Robin
Schwarzenegger as Mr. Freeze in the 1997 film Batman & Robin

Shortly thereafter came another comedy: Junior (1994), which reunited him with Twins director Ivan Reitman once again as well as co-star Danny DeVito. This film also brought Schwarzenegger his second Golden Globe nomination, this time for Best Actor — Musical or Comedy. It was followed by the popular, albeit by-the-numbers action thriller Eraser (1996), and the comic book-based Batman & Robin (1997), where he played the villain Mr. Freeze. This was his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. Following the failure of Batman & Robin, Schwarzenegger's film career and box office prominence went into decline. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mr. ... Batman & Robin, directed by Joel Schumacher, is the fourth installment in the comic book-inspired film series initiated by Tim Burton. ... Junior, released in 1994, is Arnold Schwarzeneggers third comedy film, which features him teamed up with Danny DeVito, following their previous collaboration, Twins and director Ivan Reitman, who also directed Schwarzenegger in that film and Kindergarten Cop. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... Eraser is a 1996 action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Vanessa Williams. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... The film Batman and Robin, directed by Joel Schumacher, is considered by most to be less serious than the 1989 Batman movie and sequels Batman Returns (1992) and Forever (1995). ... Mr. ...


Several film projects were announced with Schwarzenegger attached to star, including the remake of Planet of the Apes, a new film version of I Am Legend, and a World War II film scripted by Quentin Tarantino that would have seen Schwarzenegger finally play an Austrian. This article is about the 1968 film. ... This article is about Richard Mathesons novel. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ...


Instead, he returned after a hiatus with the supernatural thriller End of Days (1999). Schwarzenegger later starred in the action films The 6th Day (2000) and Collateral Damage (2002). In 2003, he reprised his most famous role once again in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, which went on to earn over $150 million domestically. He was also rumored to be a frontrunner to play Hank McCoy (alias Beast) in the 2003 film X2: X-Men United. The character was ultimately written out of the script in favor of adding Nightcrawler. Beast was later featured in the third X-Men movie portrayed by Kelsey Grammer. End of Days is a 1999 action/horror film starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and directed by Peter Hyams. ... The 6th Day is a 2000 action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... Collateral Damage is a 2002 action film which tells the story of a Los Angeles firefighter, Gordy Brewer (played by Arnold Schwarzenegger), who looks to avenge his sons and wifes deaths at the hands of a guerrilla commando, by traveling to Colombia and facing his sons killers. ... Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (commonly abbreviated T3) is a 2003 movie directed by Jonathan Mostow and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Nick Stahl, Claire Danes, and Kristanna Loken. ... Look up beast in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This page is about the 2003 movie X2; see X2 (disambiguation) for other meanings. ... For the animal nightcrawler, see Lumbricus terrestris. ... Allen Kelsey Grammer (born February 21, 1955 in Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands) is a six-time Emmy and a two-time Golden Globe-winning American actor who is best known for his two-decade portrayal of psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane, whom he played for nine years on Cheers...


[[Image:Chth |thumb|Footprints and handprints of Arnold Schwarzenegger in front of the Grauman's Chinese Theatre]] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In tribute to Schwarzenegger in 2002, Forum Stadtpark, a local cultural association, proposed plans to build a 25-meter (82-foot) tall Terminator statue in a park in central Graz. Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics.[32] The crowd at the 2003 Special Olympics World Summer Games Opening Ceremonies in Croke Park, Dublin, Ireland. ...


His latest film appearances included a 3-second cameo appearance in The Rundown (AKA, Welcome to the Jungle) with The Rock, and the 2004 remake of Around the World in 80 Days, notable for featuring him onscreen with action star Jackie Chan for the first time. The Rundown (also known as Welcome to the Jungle) is an action film starring The Rock and Seann William Scott about a bounty hunter/enforcer/aspiring chef named Beck who must head for the Amazon Rainforest to capture someone. ... Dwayne Johnson, (born May 2, 1972) is an American actor and former professional wrestler,[2] best known for his time in World Wrestling Entertainment as The Rock between 1996 and 2004. ... Around the World in 80 Days movie poster Around the World in 80 Days is a 2004 film based on Jules Vernes Around the World in Eighty Days. ... Chan Kong-Sang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as Jackie Chan Sing Lung (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) or Jackie Chan SBS, (born on April 7, 1954) is a Chinese martial artist, action star, actor, director, screenwriter, film producer, singer and stunt performer. ...


Schwarzenegger has stated in many interviews that he never regrets doing a role, and he feels really bad when he turns down a role. There are conflicting reports as to whether Schwarzenegger will be starring in the next Terminator installment — Terminator Salvation: The Future Begins.[33][34] However, it is currently widely reported that Schwarzenegger will only have a brief role in Terminator Salvation: The Future Begins.


Schwarzenegger voiced Baron von Steuben in Episode 24 ("Valley Forge") of Liberty's Kids. Baron von Steuben Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus Steuben, Baron von Steuben (November 15, 1730-November 28, 1794) was a German army officer who served with George Washington in the American Revolutionary War and is credited with teaching American troops the essentials of military drill and discipline. ... This article is about the American Revolutionary War winter encampment. ... Libertys Kids is a 40-part animated television series produced by DiC Entertainment, originally broadcast on PBS Kids from September 2, 2002 to April 4, 2003. ...


Actor and comedian Robin Williams famously said, "Arnold Schwarzenegger's acted in plenty of movies, but spoken less dialogue than any actor, except maybe Lassie."[8] Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... For the documentary about Jerry Seinfeld, see Comedian (film). ... This article is about the American actor and comedian; for other people named Robin Williams, see Robin Williams (disambiguation). ...


Political career

Vice President Dick Cheney meets with Schwarzenegger for the first time at the White House
Vice President Dick Cheney meets with Schwarzenegger for the first time at the White House

Schwarzenegger and son Patrick at Edwards Air Force Base, California in December 2002. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...

Early politics

Schwarzenegger has been a registered Republican for many years. As an actor, his political views were always well-known as they contrasted with those of many other prominent Hollywood stars, who are generally considered to be a liberal and Democratic-leaning community. At the 2004 Republican National Convention, Schwarzenegger gave a speech and explained why he was a Republican:[35] GOP redirects here. ... Modern liberalism in the United States is a form of liberalism that began in the United States in the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... 2004 Republican National Convention Logo President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney accepted their partys nomination to run for second terms. ...

I finally arrived here in 1968. What a special day it was. I remember I arrived here with empty pockets but full of dreams, full of determination, full of desire. The presidential campaign was in full swing. I remember watching the Nixon-Humphrey presidential race on TV. A friend of mine who spoke German and English translated for me. I heard Humphrey saying things that sounded like socialism, which I had just left.

But then I heard Nixon speak. He was talking about free enterprise, getting the government off your back, lowering the taxes and strengthening the military. Listening to Nixon speak sounded more like a breath of fresh air. I said to my friend, I said, "What party is he?" My friend said, "He's a Republican." I said, "Then I am a Republican." And I have been a Republican ever since. The United States presidential election of 1968 was a wrenching national experience, and included the assassination of Democratic candidate Robert F. Kennedy, the violence at the 1968 Democratic National Convention, and widespread demonstrations against the Vietnam War across American university and college campuses. ... Nixon redirects here. ... For other uses, see Hubert Humphrey (disambiguation). ... Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ...

In 1985, Schwarzenegger appeared in Stop the Madness, an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan administration. He first came to wide public notice as a Republican during the 1988 Presidential election, accompanying then-Vice President George H.W. Bush at a campaign rally. Attacking Bush's Democratic opponents, he said to the crowd, "They all look like a bunch of girlie men, right?"[36] Stop the Madness was an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan administration in 1985, starring New Edition, LaToya Jackson (aka Michael), Whitney Houston, Nancy Reagan, David Hasselhoff, Tootie Ramsey (Kim Fields) from the The Facts of Life, Herb Alpert, Casey Kasem and Boogaloo Shrimp from the Breakin franchise... Panamanian motor vessel Gatun during the largest cocaine bust in United States Coast Guard history (20 tons), off the coast of Panama. ... The United States Presidency of Ronald Reagan, also known as the Reagan Administration, lasted from 1981 until 1989 and was conservative, steadfastly anti-communist, employed a foreign policy of “peace through strength,” and favored tax cuts and smaller government. ... The United States presidential election of 1988 featured an open primary for both major parties. ... The Vice President of the United States[1] (sometimes referred to as VPOTUS,[2] Veep, or VP) is the first person in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born June...


Schwarzenegger's first political appointment was as chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, on which he served from 1990 to 1993.[5] He was nominated by George H. W. Bush, who dubbed him "Conan the Republican". He later served as Chairman for the California Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Governor Pete Wilson. Yet, political analysts have identified Schwarzenegger as a liberal, as he has become more left-leaning since his election.[37] The Presidents Council on Physical Fitness and Sports is an American government organisation that aims to promote, encourage and motivate Americans of all ages to become physically active and participate in sports. History The Presidents Council on Youth Fitness was founded on 16 July 1956 to encourage American... This article is about the fictional character. ... For others named Pete Wilson, see Peter Wilson. ...


Between 1993 and 1994, Schwarzenegger was a Red Cross "ambassador" (a mostly ceremonial role fulfilled by celebrities), recording several television/radio public service announcements to give blood. A small amount of interest was garnered by his wearing of a white t-shirt with the Red Cross on it, while posing with a flexed arm; the image made it into several celebrity magazines. A public service announcement (PSA) or community service announcement (CSA) is a non-commercial advertisement typically on radio or television, ostensibly broadcast for the public good. ...


In an interview with Talk magazine in late 1999, Schwarzenegger was asked if he thought of running for office. He replied, "I think about it many times. The possibility is there, because I feel it inside."[38] The Hollywood Reporter claimed shortly after that Schwarzenegger sought to end speculation that he might run for governor of California.[38] Following his initial comments, Schwarzenegger said, "I'm in show business — I am in the middle of my career. Why would I go away from that and jump into something else?"[38] Talk was a popular American magazine edited by Tina Brown. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (left) and Governor Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush in 2003 The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that...

President George W. Bush meets with Schwarzenegger after his successful election to the California Governorship
President George W. Bush meets with Schwarzenegger after his successful election to the California Governorship

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...

Governor of California

Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy in the 2003 California recall election for Governor of California on the August 6, 2003 episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.[13] As a candidate in the recall election, Schwarzenegger had the most name recognition in a crowded field of candidates, but he had never held public office and his political views were unknown to most Californians. His candidacy was immediate national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the "Governator" (referring to The Terminator movies, see above) and "The Running Man" (the name of another one of his films), and calling the recall election "Total Recall" (yet another Schwarzenegger starrer). Schwarzenegger declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, 2003.[39] Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of the 2003 California recall The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 26, 2006 opening monologue of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno The Tonight Show with Jay Leno is an Emmy Award-winning American late-night talk show hosted by comedian Jay Leno on NBC. It premiered on May 25, 1992, succeeding The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On October 7, 2003, the recall election resulted in Governor Gray Davis being removed from office with 55.4% of the Yes vote in favor of a recall. Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California under the second question on the ballot with 48.6% of the vote to choose a successor to Davis. Schwarzenegger defeated Democrat Cruz Bustamante, fellow Republican Tom McClintock, and others. His nearest rival, Bustamante, received less than 30% of the vote. In total, Schwarzenegger won the election by about 1.3 million votes. Under the regulations of the California Constitution, no runoff election was required. Schwarzenegger was the first foreign-born governor in California history since Ireland-born Governor John G. Downey in 1862. is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Graham Davis Jr. ... Cruz Miguel Bustamante (born January 4, 1953) is an American politician. ... Tom McClintock Thomas Miller Tom McClintock (born July 10, 1956) is an outgoing California state senator who was the unsuccessful 2006 Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of California. ... The 1849 Constitution was signed in Colton Hall in Monterey. ... John G. Downey 7th Governor of California John Gately Downey (June 24, 1827 – March 1, 1894) was Governor of California from January 14, 1860 to January 10, 1862. ...


As soon as Schwarzenegger was elected governor, Willie Brown said he would start a drive to recall the governor. Schwarzenegger was equally entrenched in what he considered to be his mandate in cleaning up gridlock. Building on a catchphrase from a sketch partly parodying his bodybuilding career, Schwarzenegger called the Democratic State politicians "girlie men," (a reference from a Saturday Night Live sketch called "Hans and Franz").[36] Willie Lewis Brown, Jr. ... Gridlock is a term describing an inability to move on a transport network. ... Girlie men is a pejorative term, notably used by California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger to characterize opponents in the state legislature of California over the state budget. ... SNL redirects here. ... Hans and Franz was a recurring sketch on the television sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live that featured Kevin Nealon and Dana Carvey. ...

The Governor's office in the California State Capitol
The Governor's office in the California State Capitol

Schwarzenegger enjoyed a large degree of success and victories in his early governorship, including repealing an unpopular increase in the vehicle registration fee as well as preventing driver's licenses being given out to illegal immigrants, but later began to feel the backlash when powerful state unions began to oppose his various initiatives.[who?] Key among his reckoning with political realities was a special election he called in November 2005, in which four ballot measures he sponsored were defeated. Schwarzenegger accepted personal responsibility for the defeats and vowed to continue to seek consensus for the people of California. He would later comment that "no one could win if the opposition raised 160 million dollars to defeat you." Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... The California State Capitol building in Sacramento, California houses the California State Legislature and the office of the Governor of California. ... The California special election of 2005 was held on November 8, 2005 after being called by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger on June 13, 2005. ...


Schwarzenegger then bucked the advice of fellow Republican strategists and appointed a Democrat, Susan Kennedy, as his Chief of Staff. Schwarzenegger scrambled toward the political middle, determined to build a winning legacy with only a short time to go until the next gubernatorial election. A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ...


He has appeared alongside his fellow actor from Around the World in 80 Days, Jackie Chan, in a government advertisement to combat copyright piracy.[40] Around the World in 80 Days is a 2004 comedy adventure film based on Jules Vernes novel, Around the World in 80 Days. ...


Schwarzenegger ran for re-election against Democrat Phil Angelides, the California State Treasurer, in the 2006 elections, held on November 7, 2006. Despite a poor year nationally for the Republican party, Schwarzenegger won re-election with 56.0% of the vote compared with 38.9% for Angelides, a margin of well over one million votes.[41] The election further enhanced his political credentials. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... California State Treasurer Phil Angelides Philip Nicholas Phil Angelides (IPA: æn. ... The California State Treasurer is responsible for the states investment and finance. ... The 2006 California gubernatorial election occurred on November 7, 2006. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It is rumored that Schwarzenegger might run for the United States Senate in 2010 (he will be term-limited then), if incumbent Senator Barbara Boxer retires. Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is an American politician and the current junior U.S. Senator from the State of California. ...


Wendy Leigh, who wrote an unofficial biography on Schwarzenegger, claims he plotted his political rise from an early age using the movie business and bodybuilding as building blocks to escape a depressing home.[8] Leigh portrays Schwarzenegger as obsessed with power and quotes him as saying, "I wanted to be part of the small percentage of people who were leaders, not the large mass of followers. I think it is because I saw leaders use 100% of their potential — I was always fascinated by people in control of other people."[8] Schwarzenegger has said that it was never his intention to enter politics, but he says, "I married into a political family. You get together with them and you hear about policy, about reaching out to help people. I was exposed to the idea of being a public servant and Eunice and Sargent Shriver became my heroes."[24] Eunice Kennedy Shriver was sister of John F. Kennedy, and mother-in-law to Schwarzenegger, Sargent Shriver is husband to Eunice and father-in-law to Schwarzenegger. According to the 2005 Year-in-Review issue of Time magazine, citizens are hoping to amend the Constitution so that he can run for President of the United States.[24] Indeed, in The Simpsons Movie, Schwarzenegger is portrayed as the President and in the Sylvester Stallone movie Demolition Man, it is revealed there was an amendment to the constitution that allowed him to become President. Professional Bodybuilder Gustavo Badell posing Bodybuilding is the process of maximizing muscle hypertrophy through the combination of weight training, sufficient caloric intake, and rest. ... Obsessed is a 1990s stoner metal band formed originally in the early 1980s, led by Scott Weinrich. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... A persons mother-in-law is the mother of his wife or her husband. ... Father-in-law A father-in-law is a spouses father. ... TIME redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... The Simpsons Movie is a 2007 animated comedy film based on the animated television series The Simpsons, directed by David Silverman, and scheduled to be released worldwide by July 27, 2007. ... Demolition Man may refer to: Demolition Man (film), a 1993 film from Warner Brothers starring Sylvester Stallone Demolition Man (album), Stings soundtrack EP for the 1993 film Demolition Man, (band) A Tribute to the Music of The POLICE (Sting; Andy Summers; Stewart Copeland) Demolition Man (pinball), a pinball machine...


Schwarzenegger is a dual Austria/United States citizen.[42] He holds Austrian citizenship by birth and has held U.S. citizenship since becoming naturalized in 1983. Being Austrian and thus European he was able to win the 2007 European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU.[43] European Voice is an English language newspaper owned by The Economist group. ... The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, a law in California, was signed by Governor of California Arnold Schwarzenegger on September 27, 2006. ...


Schwarzenegger does not accept his governor's salary of $175,000 per year, and instead donates it to charities.[44]


Schwarzenegger's endorsement in the Republican primary of the 2008 U.S. Presidential election was highly sought; despite being good friends with candidates Mayor Rudy Giuliani and Senator John McCain, Schwarzenegger remained neutral throughout 2007 and early 2008. Giuliani dropped out of the Presidential race on January 30, 2008, largely because of a poor showing in Florida, and endorsed McCain. Later that night, Schwarzenegger was in the audience at a Republican debate at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California. The following day, he endorsed McCain, joking, "It's Rudy's fault!" (in reference to his friendships with both candidates and that he could not make up his mind). Schwarzenegger's endorsement was thought to be a boost for Senator McCain's campaign; both spoke about their environmental concerns and concerns for the economy.-1... Presidential electoral votes by state The 2008 United States Presidential election will occur on November 4, 2008. ... Rudolph William Louis Rudy Giuliani (pronounced ;[1] born May 28, 1944) is an American lawyer, businessman, and politician from the state of New York who was Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. ... McCain redirects here. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library is the presidential library of Ronald Wilson Reagan, the 40th President of the United States. ... Simi Valley is an incorporated city located in the extreme southeast corner of Ventura County, California, bordering the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles in the Greater Los Angeles Area. ... This article is about the U.S state. ...


In a recent satellite broadcast with UK Conservative Party MP Boris Johnson, Schwarzenegger was recorded commenting on Johnson, stating that "This guy is fumbling all over the place". The statement was not broadcasted live at the time, but was later released and picked up on by the British media.[45] Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964, better known as Boris Johnson)[2] is a British politician and the current Mayor of London; he is also a journalist and author, formerly serving as editor of The Spectator. ...


Electoral history

California Gubernatorial Recall Election 2003
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger 4,206,284 48.6
Democratic Cruz Bustamante 2,724,874 31.5
Republican Tom McClintock 1,161,287 13.5
Green Peter Miguel Camejo 242,247 2.8
California Gubernatorial Election 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger
(Incumbent)
4,850,157 55.9 +7.3
Democratic Phil Angelides 3,376,732 39.0
Green Peter Miguel Camejo 205,995 2.3 -0.5

This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... Cruz Miguel Bustamante (born January 4, 1953) is an American politician. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... Tom McClintock Thomas Miller Tom McClintock (born July 10, 1956) is an outgoing California state senator who was the unsuccessful 2006 Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of California. ... In American politics, the Green Party is a third party which has been active in some areas since the 1980s, but first gained widespread public attention for Ralph Naders presidential runs in 1996 and 2000. ... Peter Miguel Camejo (born December 31, 1939) is a financier, businessman, political activist, environmentalist, author, and one of the founders of the socially responsible investment movement. ... GOP redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... California State Treasurer Phil Angelides Philip Nicholas Phil Angelides (IPA: æn. ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... Peter Miguel Camejo (born December 31, 1939) is a financier, businessman, political activist, environmentalist, author, and one of the founders of the socially responsible investment movement. ...

Environmental record

On September 27, 2006 Schwarzenegger signed a bill creating the nation’s first cap on greenhouse gas emissions. The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities, refineries and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere. Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large utilities and corporations in California from making long-term contracts with suppliers who do not meet the state’s greenhouse gas emission standards. The two bills are part of a plan to reduce California’s emissions by 25 percent to 1990’s levels by 2020. In 2005, Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.[46] is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Schwarzenegger signed another executive order on October 17, 2006 allowing California to work with the Northeast’s Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. They plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power plant in participating states. Any power plants that exceed emissions for the amount of carbon credits they have will have to purchase more credits to cover the difference. The plan is set to be in effect in 2009.[47] In addition to using his political power to fight global warming, the governor has taken steps at his home to reduce his personal carbon footprint. Schwarzenegger has adapted one of his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels. He has also installed solar panels to heat his home.[48] is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hummer H1 Alpha is a civilian vehicle based on the M998 High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), popularly known as the Humvee, which was created by AM General. ...


Personal life

Schwarzenegger with his wife Maria Shriver at the 2007 Special Olympics in Shanghai, China
Schwarzenegger with his wife Maria Shriver at the 2007 Special Olympics in Shanghai, China

In 1977, Schwarzenegger's autobiography/weight-training guide Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder was published and became a huge success.[5] After taking English classes at Santa Monica Community College in Los Angeles, California, he earned a B.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Superior, where he graduated Business and International Economics in 1979.[5] The crowd at the 2003 Special Olympics World Summer Games Opening Ceremonies in Croke Park, Dublin, Ireland. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ... Main entrance of the UW-Superior, with Campus Welcome Center in foreground. ...


Schwarzenegger became a U.S. citizen in 1983,[5] although he also retains his Austrian citizenship.[49] Multiple citizenship is simultaneous citizenship in two or more countries (whether it is recognized by all countries or not). ...


On April 26, 1986, Schwarzenegger married television journalist Maria Shriver, niece of the past President of the United States John F. Kennedy in Hyannis, Massachusetts. The Rev. John Baptist Riordan performed the ceremony at St. Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Church.[50] They have four children: Katherine Eunice Shriver Schwarzenegger[51] (born December 13, 1989 in Los Angeles, California); Christina Maria Aurelia Schwarzenegger (born July 23, 1991 in Los Angeles, California)[52]; Patrick Arnold Schwarzenegger (born September 18, 1993 in Los Angeles, California)[53]; and Christopher Sargent Shriver Schwarzenegger (born September 27, 1997 in Los Angeles, California)[54] is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ; born November 6, 1955)[1] is an award-winning American journalist from the Kennedy Family, a prolific author and First Lady of California. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Hyannis Harbor, Hyannis Statue of Iyannough, in downtown Hyannis. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...


Schwarzenegger and his family currently live in their 11,000-square-foot (1 022 m²) home in Brentwood.[55][56] They used to own a home in the Pacific Palisades.[57] The family owns vacation homes in Sun Valley, Idaho and Hyannis Port, Massachusetts.[58] Schwarzenegger does not have a home in Sacramento. However, whenever he is in the state capitol, he lives in the Hyatt Regency hotel suite. The suite costs about $65,000 a year.[59] This article is about the neighborhood in Los Angeles. ... For the 1997 TV series, see Pacific Palisades (TV series). ... Sun Valley, Idaho - Bald Mountain - View from Sun Valley Lake Sun Valley is a city and affluent resort community in the central part of the U.S. state of Idaho, adjacent to the city of Ketchum in Blaine County. ... Hyannis is a village in the city of Barnstable, Massachusetts. ... Sacramento is a Spanish- and Portuguese-language word meaning sacrament; it is a common toponym in parts of the world where those tongues were or are spoken. ... The Hyatt Regency is one of the five Hyatt brands operated by the Hyatt Corporation. ...


On Sundays, the family attends Mass at St. Monica's Catholic Church.[60] For other uses of Mass, see Mass (disambiguation). ...


Schwarzenegger has said he believes the secret of a good marriage is love and respect.[6] "If you have the ultimate love for your wife and she has it for you, I think you have a great head start … That's not to say it won't be difficult sometimes. You go through your ups and downs but you work through it."[6] Schwarzenegger has talked about parenthood in 2000: "One of the best things you can do with your children is play with them. At the same time, I act very silly. Many times I do a lot of sports with them. I play games with them. Act out parts. We do little plays, sometimes."[6] Matrimony redirects here. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... Respect It also could be applied to taking care of oneself, others or the environment. ...


His official height of 6'2" (188 cm)[1][14][61] has been brought into question by several articles. In his bodybuilding days in the late 1960s, he was measured to be 6'1.5", a height confirmed by his fellow bodybuilders.[62][26] In 1988 both the Daily Mail and Time Out magazine mentioned that Schwarzenegger appeared noticeably shorter than this publicised figure.[63] More recently, before running for Governor, Schwarzenegger's height was once again questioned in an article by the Chicago Reader.[64] As Governor, Schwarzenegger engaged in a light-hearted exchange with Assemblyman Herb Wesson over their heights. At one point Wesson made an unsuccessful attempt to, in his own words, "settle this once and for all and find out how tall he is."[65] by using a tailor's tape measure on the Governor. Schwarzenegger later retaliated by placing a pillow stitched with the words "Need a lift?" on the five-foot-five (165 cm) Wesson’s chair before a negotiating session in his office.[66] The debate on Schwarzenegger's height has spawned a website solely dedicated to it,[67] and his page remains one of the most active on CelebHeights.com, a website which discusses the heights of celebrities.[26] The Chicago Reader is an alternative newsweekly in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It was founded in 1971[2] by a group of friends who attended Carleton College. ...


In 2005 Peter Pilz from the Austrian Green Party demanded parliament revoke Schwarzenegger's Austrian citizenship. This demand was based on Article 33 of the Austrian Citizenship Act that states: A citizen, who is in the public service of a foreign country, shall be deprived of his citizenship, if he heavily damages the reputation or the interests of the Austrian Republic.[42] Pilz claimed that Schwarzenegger's actions in support of the death penalty (prohibited in Austria under Protocol 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights) had indeed done damage to Austria's reputation. Schwarzenegger explained his actions by referring to the fact that his only duty as Governor of California was to prevent an error in the judicial system. Peter Pilz (middle) on his 50th birthday (Austrian Armed Forces Photograph) Peter Pilz (born January 22, 1954) is an Austrian politician and a leading member of the Austrian Green Party. ... The Austrian Green Party (de: Die Grünen - Die Grüne Alternative, or Die Grünen) is a political party in the Austrian parliament. ... “ECHR” redirects here. ...


In honor of its most famous son, Schwarzenegger's home town of Graz had named its soccer stadium "The Arnold Schwarzenegger Stadium". It is the home of both Grazer AK and Sturm Graz. Following the Stanley Williams execution and after street protests in his hometown, several local politicians began a campaign to remove Schwarzenegger's name from the stadium. Schwarzenegger responded, saying that "to spare the responsible politicians of the city of Graz further concern, I withdraw from them as of this day the right to use my name in association with the Liebenau Stadium," and set a tight deadline of just a couple of days to remove his name. Graz officials removed Schwarzenegger's name from the stadium in December 2005.[68] It is now officially titled UPC-Arena. The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Grazer AK, founded 18 August 1902 as Grazer Athletik-Sport Klub (in Austria the abbreviation GAK is more common, but they are also known as the Athletiker and in Austrian media the are often called Liebherr GAK for their sponsor), is an Austrian sports club, from the city of Graz... SK Sturm Graz is an Austrian football club, based in Graz. ... This article is about Stanley Tookie Williams III. For the dance instructor, see Stanley Williams (ballet). ... The UPC-Arena (formerly Arnold Schwarzenegger-Stadium) in Graz, Styria, Austria, is the home of the football clubs of Graz playing in the T-Mobile Bundesliga (highest football league in Austria) SK Sturm Graz and Grazer AK. // History Originally, the stadium was named after the formal bodybuilder and acutal Governor...


The Sun Valley Resort has a short ski trail called Arnold's Run, named after Schwarzenegger. The trail is categorized as a black diamond, or most difficult, for its terrain.


He bought the first Hummer manufactured for civilian use in 1992, a model so large, 6,300 lb (2900 kg) and 7 feet (2.1 m) wide, that it is classified as a large truck and U.S. fuel economy regulations do not apply to it. During the Gubernatorial Recall campaign he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen. The conversion was reported to have cost about US$21,000. After the election, he signed an executive order to jump-start the building of hydrogen refueling plants called the "California Hydrogen Highway Network," and gained a U.S. Department of Energy grant to help pay for its projected US$91,000,000 cost.[69] California took delivery of the first H2H (Hydrogen Hummer) in October 2004.[70] Hummer is a brand of off-road vehicles sold by General Motors, also known as GM. The H1 version is based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, or Humvee). ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ... USD redirects here. ... The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ...


People in Thal bei Graz celebrated Schwarzenegger's 60th birthday by throwing a party. Officials proclaimed "A Day for Arnold" on July 30, 2007. Thal 145, the number of the house where Schwarzenegger was born, belonged to Schwarzenegger and nobody will ever be assigned to that number.[71] Thal is a small village in Austria, near the city of Graz. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Accidents and medical issues

Schwarzenegger broke his right femur while skiing in Sun Valley, Idaho with his family on December 23, 2006.[72] He tripped over his ski pole on Lower Warm Springs run on Bald Mountain, an 'easy' or green level run. He is an expert level skier. On December 26, 2006, he underwent a 90-minute operation in which cables and screws were used to wire the broken bone back together. He was released from the St. John's Health Center on December 30, 2006.[73] Schwarzenegger did not delay his second oath of office on January 5, 2007, although he was still on crutches at the time. The femur or thigh bone is the longest, most voluminous, and strongest bone of the mammalian bodies. ... Sun Valley, Idaho - Bald Mountain - View from Sun Valley Lake Sun Valley is a city and affluent resort community in the central part of the U.S. state of Idaho, adjacent to the city of Ketchum in Blaine County. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Johns Health Center is a hospital in Santa Monica, California, USA. The hospital was founded in 1942 by the Sisters of Charity of Leavenworth. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Schwarzenegger has twice crashed motorcycles on public highways, injuring himself in the process. On January 8, 2006, while riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle, with his son Patrick in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was riding on, causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed. While his son and the other driver were unharmed, the governor sustained a minor injury to his lip, forcing him to get 15 stitches. "No citations were issued" said officer Jason Lee, a police spokesman. Schwarzenegger, who famously rode motorcycles in the Terminator movies, has never obtained an M-1 or M-2 endorsement on his California driver's license that would allow him to legally ride a motorcycle without a sidecar on the street. Previously, on December 9, 2001, he broke six ribs and was hospitalized for four days after a motorcycle crash in Los Angeles.[74] is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harley-Davidson Motor Company (NYSE: HOG, formerly HDI[2]) is an American manufacturer of motorcycles based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... For other uses, see Motorcycle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Suture (disambiguation). ... This article is about the first film in the series. ... This article is about the U.S state. ... First German driving school in 1906, Aschaffenburg Current EU driving licence, German version - front 1. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The human rib cage. ...


Schwarzenegger opted in 1997 for a replacement heart valve made of his own transplanted tissue; medical experts predict he will require heart valve replacement surgery in the next two to eight years as his current valve degrades. Schwarzenegger apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his physical activity and capacity to exercise.[75]


He saved a drowning man's life in 2004 while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him back to shore.[76] This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Business career

Schwarzenegger in 2004
Schwarzenegger in 2004

It has been said Schwarzenegger has a "business empire."[8][24] Following his move to the United States, Schwarzenegger became a "prolific goal setter" and would write his objectives at the start of the year on index cards, like starting a mail order business or buying a new car — and succeed in doing so.[18] By the age of 30, Schwarzenegger was a millionaire, well before his career in Hollywood. His financial independence came from a series of successful business ventures and investments. In 1968, Schwarzenegger and fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business. The business flourished thanks to the pair's marketing savvy and an increased demand following a major Los Angeles earthquake in 1971.[77][78] Schwarzenegger and Columbu used profits from their bricklaying venture to start a mail order business, selling bodybuilding and fitness-related equipment and instructional tapes.[5][77] Schwarzenegger rolled profits from the mail order business and his bodybuilding competition winnings into his first real estate venture: an apartment building he purchased for $10,000. He would go on to invest in a number of real estate holding companies.[79][80] In 1992, Schwarzenegger and his wife opened a restaurant in Santa Monica called Schatzi On Main. Schatzi literally means "little treasure," colloquial for "honey" or "darling" in German. In 1998, he sold his restaurant.[81] He invested in a shopping mall in Columbus, Ohio. He has talked about some of those who have helped him over the years in business: "I couldn't have learned about business without a parade of teachers guiding me... from Milton Friedman to Donald Trump... and now, Les Wexner and Warren Buffett. I even learned a thing or two from Planet Hollywood, such as when to get out! And I did!"[15] He has significant ownership in Dimensional Fund Advisors, an investment firm.[82] Image File history File linksMetadata Arnold_Schwarzenegger_2004-01-30. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Arnold_Schwarzenegger_2004-01-30. ... In economics, a business (also called firm or enterprise) is a legally recognized organizational entity designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers or corporate entities such as governments, charities or other businesses. ... Franco Columbu (August 7, 1941, Ollolai, Sardinia) is an Italian actor and bodybuilder. ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city located in Los Angeles County, California USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, west of Westwood, Los Angeles, and north of Venice. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American Nobel Laureate economist and public intellectual. ... Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946 in Queens, New York, New York) is an American business executive, entrepreneur, television and radio personality and author. ... Leslie Les H. Wexner (born September 8, 1937 in Dayton, Ohio) is an American businessman from Columbus, Ohio, and currently chairman and CEO of the Limited Brands corporation. ... Warren Edward Buffett (born August 30, 1930, in Omaha, Nebraska) is an American investor, businessman and philanthropist. ... Dimensional Fund Advisors is an investment firm that develops mutual funds grounded in academic research. ...


Planet Hollywood

See also: Planet Hollywood

Arnold Schwarzenegger was a founding "celebrity investor" in the Planet Hollywood chain of international theme restaurants (modeled after the Hard Rock Cafe) along with Bruce Willis, Sylvester Stallone, and Demi Moore. Schwarzenegger severed his financial ties with the business in early 2000.[83] Schwarzenegger said the company had not had the success he had hoped for, claiming he wanted to focus his attention on "new US global business ventures" and his movie career.[83] Planet Hollywood at night, Downtown Disney, Florida, USA. Planet Hollywood Niagara Falls, Ontario Planet Hollywood, a theme restaurant chain inspired by the popular portrayal of Hollywood, was launched in New York on October 22, 1991, with the backing of Hollywood stars Sylvester Stallone, Bruce Willis, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Demi Moore. ... Planet Hollywood at night, Downtown Disney, Florida, USA. Planet Hollywood Niagara Falls, Ontario Planet Hollywood, a theme restaurant chain inspired by the popular portrayal of Hollywood, was launched in New York on October 22, 1991, with the backing of Hollywood stars Sylvester Stallone, Bruce Willis, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Demi Moore. ... Hard Rock Cafe is a chain of casual dining restaurants. ... Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955) is a Golden Globe- and double Emmy-winning German-born American actor and singer. ... Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone[1] (born July 6, 1946) is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... Demi Kutcher (born Demetria Gene Guynes on November 11, 1962) is an American actress. ...


Net worth

Schwarzenegger's net worth has been conservatively estimated at USD $100 – $200 million.[84] Over the years, he invested his bodybuilding and movie earnings in an array of stocks, bonds, privately controlled companies, and real estate holdings in the U.S. and worldwide, so his fortune is sometimes estimated anywhere in between USD $800 – $900 million.[85] In June 1997 Schwarzenegger spent $38 million of his own money on a private Gulfstream Jet.[86] Schwarzenegger once said of his fortune, "Money doesn't make you happy. I now have $50 million, but I was just as happy when I had $48 million."[8] "I've made millions as a businessman many times over."[15] Professional Bodybuilder Gustavo Badell posing Bodybuilding is the process of maximizing muscle hypertrophy through the combination of weight training, sufficient caloric intake, and rest. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... For other uses, see stock (disambiguation). ... Look up bond in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A company in the broadest sense is an aggregation of people who stay together for a common purpose. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... The World in Plate Carrée Projection In English, world is rooted in a compound of the obsolete words were, man, and eld, age; thus, its oldest meaning is Age of Man. ...


Allegations of sexual and personal misconduct

Code Pink protesting against Schwarzenegger
Code Pink protesting against Schwarzenegger

During his initial campaign for governor, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against Schwarzenegger (dubbed Gropegate).[87] Within the last five days before the election, news reports appeared in the Los Angeles Times recounting allegations of sexual misconduct from several individual women, six of whom eventually came forward with their personal stories.[88] Cropped and resized photo by User:Maveric149. ... Cropped and resized photo by User:Maveric149. ... For the hospital emergency code, see Hospital emergency codes#Code Pink. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ...


Three of the women claimed he had grabbed their breasts, a fourth said he placed his hand under her skirt on her buttock. A fifth woman claimed Schwarzenegger tried to take off her bathing suit in a hotel elevator, and the last says he pulled her onto his lap and asked her about a particular sex act.[87]


Schwarzenegger admitted that he has "behaved badly sometimes" and apologized, but also stated that "a lot of (what) you see in the stories is not true." This came after an interview in adult magazine Oui from 1977 surfaced, in which Schwarzenegger discussed attending sexual orgies and using substances like marijuana.[89] Schwarzenegger is shown smoking a marijuana joint after winning Mr. Olympia in the 1975 documentary film Pumping Iron. In October 2007, Schwarzenegger defended his actions with the claim that, "(Cannabis) is not a drug. It's a leaf."[90] OUI Magazine first cover (October 1972) Oui is a mens pornographic magazine published in the USA and featuring explicit nude photographs of models, with full page pin-ups, centerfolds, interviews and other articles, and cartoons. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... Mr. ... For the Beavis and Butt-head episode, see Pumping Iron (Beavis and Butt-head episode). ... This article is about the plant genus Cannabis. ...


British television personality Anna Richardson settled a libel lawsuit in August 2006 against Schwarzenegger and two of his top aides, Sean Walsh and publicist Sheryl Main.[91] A joint statement read: "The parties are content to put this matter behind them and are pleased that this legal dispute has now been settled."[91] Richardson claimed they tried to tarnish her reputation by dismissing her allegations that Schwarzenegger touched her breast during a press event (for The Sixth Day) in London.[92] She claimed Walsh and Main libeled her in a Los Angeles Times article when they contended she encouraged his behavior.[91] The 6th Day is a 2000 action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Michael Rapaport. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


According to the New York Times in an October, 2003 article," a film producer who chronicled Arnold Schwarzenegger's rise to fame as a champion bodybuilder in the 1970s circulated a book proposal six years ago that quoted the young Mr. Schwarzenegger expressing admiration for Adolf Hitler." The book proposal by the producer, George Butler, included what were presented as verbatim excerpts from interviews with Mr. Schwarzenegger in the filming of the documentary Pumping Iron. In a part of the interview not used in the film, Mr. Schwarzenegger was asked to name his heroes -- who do you admire most. Mr. Schwarzanegger denied ever making such statements.[93]


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2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Based in Washington, D.C., the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy (NCRP) is a non-profit organization that conducts research on and advocates for accountability, transparency and a focus on social justice in the philanthropic sector. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

  • Schwarzenegger, Arnold (1977). Arnold: Developing a Mr. Universe Physique. Schwarzenegger. 
  • with Douglas Kent Hall (1977). Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-22879-X. 
  • with Bill Dobbins (1981). Arnold's Bodybuilding for Men. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-25613-0. 
  • with Bill Dobbins (1998). The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding, rev. ed., New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-84374-9. 
  • Saunders, Dave (2008). "Arnie": Schwarzenegger and the Movies. London: I. B. Tauris. 
  • Andrews, Nigel (2003). True Myths: The Life and Times of Arnold Schwarzenegger: From Pumping Iron to Governor of California, rev. ed., New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 1-58234-465-5. 
  • Blitz, Michael; and Louise Krasniewicz (2004). Why Arnold Matters: The Rise of a Cultural Icon. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-03752-6. 
  • Borowitz, Andy (2004). Governor Arnold: A Photodiary of His First 100 Days in Office. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-6266-2. 
  • Brandon, Karen (2004). Arnold Schwarzenegger. San Diego: Lucent Books. ISBN 1-59018-539-0. 
  • Sexton, Colleen A. (2005). Arnold Schwarzenegger. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications. ISBN 0-8225-1634-9. 
  • Zannos, Susan (2000). Arnold Schwarzenegger. Childs, Md.: Mitchell Lane. ISBN 1-883845-95-5. 

Bill Dobbins is an American photographer who specializes in bodybuilding, physique and fitness photography. ... Andy Borowitz (born January 4, 1958) is a comedian and satirist who won the first-ever National Press Club award for humor. ...

Interviews

  • Interview in Oui magazine, August 1977 at thesmokinggun.com
  • Excerpts from Time Out (London) interview, 1977 at time.com
  • Schwarzenegger Interview on The Hour with George Stroumboulopoulos

For the hour-long bicycle race, see Hour record. ... George Stroumboulopoulos (born August 16, 1972 in Malton, Ontario), commonly nicknamed Strombo, is a Canadian television and radio personality. ...

Film

  • "Arnold Schwarzenegger — Hollywood Hero" DVD ~ Todd Baker
  • "Pumping Iron" (25th Anniversary Special Edition) DVD ~ George Butler
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger at the Internet Movie Database
  • Cinemovie.Info: Arnold Schwarzenegger

For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ...

See also

  • Schwarzeneggerization

External links

Find more about Arnold Schwarzenegger on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Learning resources

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Official

  • State of California — Office of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger's Official Website (Non-Political)
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger's Official Political Website
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger at the National Governors Assosiation
  • Complete text, audio, video of Governor Schwarzenegger's 2004 Republican National Convention AddressAmericanRhetoric.com
  • Complete text and audio of Governor Schwarzenegger's Speech to the United Nations on Global Climate ChangeAmericanRhetoric.com

Election websites

  • Official VoteCircle Profile

Nonpartisan

  • Follow the Money — Arnold Schwarzenegger (Committee 1) 2006 campaign contributions
  • Follow the Money — Arnold Schwarzenegger (Committee 2) 2006 campaign contributions
  • National Governors Association — California Governor Arnold A. Schwarzenegger biography
  • On the Issues — Arnold Schwarzenegger issue positions and quotes
  • Project Vote Smart — Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger profile

Unofficial

  • Arnold Schwarzenegger at the Internet Movie Database
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger Bodybuilding Gallery (Gallery of Arnold Schwarzenegger's Competitive Years)
Political offices
Preceded by
Gray Davis
Governor of California
2003 –
Incumbent
Order of precedence in the United States of America
Preceded by
Dick and Lynne Cheney
Vice President and Second Lady
United States order of precedence (while in California)
as of 2007
Succeeded by
Mayors of their cities, followed by
Nancy Pelosi
Speaker of the House
Preceded by
Jim Doyle
Governor of Wisconsin
United States order of precedence (while outside California)
as of 2007
Succeeded by
Tim Pawlenty
Governor of Minnesota
Persondata
NAME Schwarzenegger, Arnold
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Schwarzenegger, Arnold Alois
SHORT DESCRIPTION Bodybuilder, actor, and California politician
DATE OF BIRTH July 30, 1947(1947-07-30)
PLACE OF BIRTH Thal, Austria
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
The Irish Catholic political dynasty, John, Robert, and Edward Kennedy The Kennedy family is a prominent Irish-American family in American politics and government descending from the marriage of Joseph P. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. ... Bridget Murphy (1824-December 20, 1888) was the wife of Patrick Kennedy, the mother of Patrick J. Kennedy, paternal grandmother to Joseph P. Kennedy, and a great-grandmother to the assassinated United States President, John F. Kennedy. ... Patrick Joseph Kennedy (January 14, 1858 – May 18, 1929) was an American politician. ... Mary Augusta Kennedy (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the American author John Fitzgerald, see John D. Fitzgerald. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy a proposed guideline for notability (see Wikipedia:Notability (people)). If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources. ... For other persons named Joseph Kennedy, see Joseph Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy (July 22, 1890 – January 22, 1995) married into the Kennedy family and became its matriarch in the 20th century, when its members helped shape American politics. ... Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Jacqueline Bouvier redirects here. ... Rose Marie Kennedy (September 13, 1918 – January 7, 2005) was the third child and first daughter of Joseph and Rose Kennedy, born a year after the U.S. President John F. Kennedy. ... Kathleen Kennedy Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington (February 20, 1920 – May 13, 1948), born Kathleen Agnes Kennedy, was the second daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. ... There have been at least two people called William Cavendish who have had the courtesy title of Marquess of Hartington: William John Robert Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington (December 10, 1917–September 10, 1944) son of the 10th Duke and elder brother of the 11th, killed in World War II. William... Zurab Tsereteli with Eunice Kennedy Shriver (right) Eunice Mary Kennedy Shriver (born July 10, 1921 in Brookline, Massachusetts), USA, is a member of the Kennedy family. ... Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. ... Patricia Kennedy Lawford For other persons named Patricia Kennedy, see Patricia Kennedy (disambiguation). ... The Rat Pack. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... Ethel Skakel Kennedy (born April 11, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois) is a member of the Kennedy political family by her marriage to Robert F. Kennedy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stephen Edward Smith (24 September 1927-August 19, 1990), was the husband of Jean Ann Kennedy. ... For other persons named Ted Kennedy, see Ted Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Joan Bennett Kennedy was born September 9, 1936 in Riverdale, New York as Virginia Joan Bennett. ... Caroline Bouvier Kennedy Schlossberg (born November 27, 1957) is the daughter and only surviving child of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John-John redirects here. ... Carolyn Bessette Kennedy (January 7, 1966 – July 16, 1999), née Carolyn Jeanne Bessette, was the wife of John F. Kennedy, Jr. ... For other persons named Patrick Kennedy, see Patrick Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Robert Sargent Shriver III (born April 28, 1954), nicknamed Bobby Shriver, is a graduate of Yale College, where he became a member of Scroll and Key, and is a Yale Law School graduate and former part-owner of Baltimore Orioles. ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ; born November 6, 1955)[1] is an award-winning American journalist from the Kennedy Family, a prolific author and First Lady of California. ... Mark Kennedy Shriver (born February 17, 1964) was a United States Democratic Party politician who served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates for two consecutive terms, from 1995 to 2003. ... Christopher Lawford (born March 29, 1955), a nephew of John F. Kennedy, cousin-in-law of Arnold Schwarzenegger (appearing in two of his films, including Terminator 3), son of Peter Lawford and Patricia Kennedy Lawford, is a Hollywood actor. ... Kathleen Kennedy Townsend Kathleen Hartington Kennedy Townsend (born July 4, 1951) was lieutenant governor of the U.S. state of Maryland from 1995 to 2003. ... Joseph Kennedy, II Joseph Patrick Kennedy II (born September 24, 1952), named after his late uncle Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. ... Robert Francis Kennedy Jr. ... David Anthony Kennedy (June 15, 1955 – April 25, 1984) was born in Washington, D.C. He was the fourth of eleven children of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... Mary Courtney Kennedy Hill (known as Courtney) was born on September 9, 1956, in Boston. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mary Kerry Kennedy (known as Kerry) was born September 8, 1959, in Washington, D.C., the seventh of the eleven children of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... Andrew Mark Cuomo (born December 6, 1957, in Queens, New York) is the New York State Attorney General. ... Christopher George Kennedy was born July 4, 1963 in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Matthew Maxwell Taylor Kennedy (born January 11, 1965), also known as Max Kennedy, was born in New York, New York. ... Douglas Harriman Kennedy (born March 24, 1967 in Washington, D.C.) is the 10th child of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... Rory Elizabeth Katherine Kennedy (born December 12, 1968) is the youngest of the eleven children of Robert F. Kennedy and Ethel Skakel Kennedy. ... William Kennedy Smith (born September 4, 1960) is an American physician whose work focuses on landmines and the rehabilitation of people disabled by them. ... Edward Moore Kennedy, Jr. ... For other persons named Patrick Kennedy, see Patrick Kennedy (disambiguation). ... The Kennedy Curse refers to a series of unfortunate events that have happened to the famed Kennedy family. ... The Kennedy Compound consists of about 6 acres (24,000 m²) of waterfront property along Nantucket Sound. ... The Chicago Merchandise Mart North side of the Merchandise Mart Behind the Merchandise Mart A display inside the Merchandise Mart The Merchandise Mart is one of the largest commercial buildings in the world, located in Chicago, Illinois. ... This is a list of the descendants of Joseph P. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, of the American Kennedy political family: Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. ... The Terminator series is a franchise encompassing a series of science fiction films and ancillary media concerning battles between Skynets artificially intelligent machine network, and John Connors Tech-Com forces and the rest of the human race. ... This article is about the first film in the series. ... Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ... Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (commonly abbreviated T3) is a 2003 movie directed by Jonathan Mostow and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Nick Stahl, Claire Danes, and Kristanna Loken. ... The Terminator series is a franchise encompassing a series of science fiction films and ancillary media concerning battles between Skynets artificially intelligent machine network, and John Connors Tech-Com forces and the rest of the human race. ... The Terminator series is a franchise encompassing a series of science fiction films and ancillary media concerning battles between Skynets artificially intelligent machine network, and John Connors Tech-Com forces and the rest of the human race. ... Information Portrayed by Arnold Schwarzenegger Created by James Cameron & Gale Anne Hurd The Terminator is a fictional character portrayed by Arnold Schwarzenegger -- a cyborg[1], initially portrayed as a programmable assassin and military infiltration unit. ... Spoiler warning: Kathryn Kate Brewster (1985) is a fictional character from the 2003 film Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines. ... Sarah Jeanette[1] Connor is a fictional character, the heroine of the first two Terminator films and the television series Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles. ... For other persons named John Connor, see John Connor (disambiguation). ... Doctor Miles Bennett Dyson is a character in the sci-fi series Terminator. ... Kyle Reese (2008–2029/1984), played by Michael Biehn, is the main fictional character and hero of the first Terminator film, father of John Connor, and brief lover to Sarah Connor. ... Dr. Peter Silberman is a fictional character played by Earl Boen in the Terminator series of films. ... An 800-series terminator endoskeleton, a robot-only version of the cyborg played by Arnold Schwarzenegger. ... Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines Terminator series, see The Terminator (film). ... Information Portrayed by Arnold Schwarzenegger Created by James Cameron & Gale Anne Hurd The Terminator is a fictional character portrayed by Arnold Schwarzenegger -- a cyborg[1], initially portrayed as a programmable assassin and military infiltration unit. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... The T-X, nicknamed the Terminatrix, is a fictional gynoid [1] assassin. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... The Cyberdyne Systems Corporation is a fictional company depicted in The Terminator films, as well as various novels and comic books all taking place in the Terminator universe. ... Tech-Com is commonly believed to be the name given to the Human resistance to Skynet in the Terminator franchise. ... Linda Carroll Hamilton (born September 26, 1956) is an American movie actress born in Salisbury, Maryland. ... Michael Connell Biehn (born July 31, 1956) is an American actor known for his roles in The Terminator (1984), Aliens (1986), The Abyss (1989), Tombstone (1993), The Rock (1996), and Grindhouse (2007). ... Edward Walter Furlong[1] (born August 2, 1977) is an American actor, known for playing young John Connor in Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Danny Vinyard in American History X. // Furlong was born in Glendale, California, near Burbank, to Eleanor (née Tafoya), a youth-center worker, and an unknown... Robert Patrick (born November 5, 1958) is a Saturn Award-winning American film and television actor. ... Stahl at the Terminator 3 premier. ... Claire Catherine Danes (born on April 12, 1979) is a Golden Globe Award-winning and Emmy Award-nominated American film, television, and theater actress. ... Kristanna Sommer Loken or Kristanna Sommer Løken (born October 8, 1979) is a Norwegian-American actress and former fashion model. ... Earl Boen (born November 7, 1945 in New York City) is an American actor. ... Lena Headey is an actress best known for playing Sarah Connor on FOXs Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles, as well as appearing in such films as The Remains of the Day, The Brothers Grimm and 300. ... Thomas Alexander Dekker (born 28 December 1987, in Las Vegas, Nevada) is an American film and television actor. ... Summer Glau (born July 24, 1981 in San Antonio, Texas) is an American dancer and actress, best known for her role as River Tam in the short-lived science fiction series Firefly and follow-up movie Serenity. ... Christian Charles Philip Bale (also known professionally as Christian Morgan Bale; born 30 January 1974) is a Screen Actors Guild Award-nominated, Saturn Award-winning Welsh actor[2][3] whose film credits include Empire of the Sun, American Psycho, Equilibrium, The Machinist, Batman Begins and the upcoming The Dark Knight. ... Richard T. Jones (born January 16, 1972 in Kobe, Japan) is an American actor. ... Brian Austin Green, (born Brian Green on July 15, 1973 in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California), is an American actor, best known for his role as David Silver on the television series Beverly Hills 90210, a character he portrayed from 1990 until 2000. ... Bryce Dallas Howard (born March 2, 1981) is an American actress best known for her film roles in the M. Night Shyamalan-directed The Village and Lady in the Water, and as Gwen Stacy in Sam Raimis Spider-Man 3. ... For other persons named James Cameron, see James Cameron (disambiguation). ... Jonathan Mostow (born November 28, 1961, Woodbridge, CT) is an American film director, writer and producer. ... Mario Kassar (born Beirut, Lebanon, 10 October 1951) is a movie-industry executive whose projects are frequently in association with Andrew Vajna. ... Andrew George Vajna (born August 1, 1944) is a Hungarian film producer, originally from Budapest. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... Joseph McG McGinty Nichol (born August 9, 1968) is an American film and television producer and director. ... Ill be back is phrase used by John Wayne in the movie Fort Apache, circa late 1940s. ... Posthuman Future, an illustration by Michael Gibbs for The Chronicle of Higher Educations look at how biotechnology will change the human experience, has become one of the secular icons representing transhumanism. ... For the album based on the film, see Batman (album). ... For the video game based on the film, see Batman Returns (video game). ... Batman Forever is a 1995 superhero film. ... For the 1949 serial Batman and Robin, see Batman and Robin (serial). ... List indicator(s) (x) indicates the actor portrayed a character that did not originate in the comic book. ... Michael John Douglas (born September 5, 1951), better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American actor, perhaps best known for his early comedic roles in films such as Night Shift, Beetlejuice, and his portrayal of Batman in the two Tim Burton directed films of the series. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... For other uses, see Batman (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English actor Michael Gough. ... Alfred Pennyworth is a fictional supporting character in the DC Comics Batman series. ... Pat Hingle (born July 19, 1924) is an American actor. ... James Jim Worthington Gordon is a supporting character in DC Comics Batman series. ... John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), known as Jack Nicholson, is a three time Academy Award-winning American actor internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... The Joker is a fictional character that appears in the comic books published by DC Comics. ... Kimila Ann Basinger (born December 8, 1953) is an Academy Award-winning American film actress and former fashion model. ... Vicki Vale is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe, a reporter who was the most prominent and longest lasting love interest of Bruce Wayne and his alter-ego, Batman. ... Billy Dee Williams (born April 6, 1937) is an American actor who for a period in the 1970s rivaled Sidney Poitier as the most popular black actor in American film. ... Two-Face is a fictional character, a supervillain and enemy of Batman in the DC Comics Universe. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... The Penguin (Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot), is a DC Comics supervillain and is an enemy of Batman. ... -1... This article is about the comic book character. ... Val Edward Kilmer[1] (born December 31, 1959) is an American actor. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... For other uses, see Batman (disambiguation). ... Tommy Lee Jones (born September 15, 1946) is an Academy Award-winning American actor and director. ... Two-Face, from Batman #234, August 1971. ... Two-Face is a fictional character, a supervillain and enemy of Batman in the DC Comics Universe. ... James Eugene Carrey (born January 17, 1962) is a two-time Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian-American A-list film actor and comedian. ... The Riddler (Edward Nashton, alias Edward Nigma or sometimes Nygma) is a fictional character, a DC Comics supervillain, an enemy of Batman, and more recently a partial ally to Batman. ... Christopher Chris Eugene ODonnell (born June 26, 1970) is a Golden Globe Award-nominated American actor, perhaps best known for playing Robin in the Batman films, Batman Forever and Batman & Robin. ... Robin (also referred to as The Boy Wonder) is the name of several fictional characters appearing in comic books published by DC Comics, originally created by Bob Kane and Jerry Robinson, as a junior counterpart to DC Comics superhero Batman. ... This article is about the DC Comics hero and former sidekick of Batman. ... George Timothy Clooney (born May 6, 1961) is an Academy Award- and Golden Globe award-winning American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... For other uses, see Batman (disambiguation). ... Mr. ... Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an Academy Award-nominated American actress. ... For other uses of Poison ivy, see Poison ivy (disambiguation). ... Alicia Silverstone, (born October 4, 1976) is an American actress and former fashion model. ... Batgirl is a DC Comics superhero. ... Robert Alexander Swenson Jr. ... For other uses, see Bane. ... Elle Macpherson (born 29 March 1964) is an Australian businesswoman, supermodel and actress. ... Julie Madison is a DC Comics fictional character who appeared in early issues of Detective Comics featuring Batman. ... John Soursby Glover, Jr. ... The Floronic Man is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe. ... Vendela Kirsebom Vendela Maria Kirsebom (1967-) is a Swedish-born supermodel. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Boss Carl Grissom was the most powerful crime lord in Gotham City in the 1989 Tim Burton Batman film. ... Jack Palance (February 18, 1919 - November 10, 2006) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Lt. ... William Michael Hootkins (July 5, 1948 – October 23, 2005) was an American actor who played Red Six (Jek Porkins) in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977) and as the crooked Lt. ... Christopher Walken as Max Shreck in 1992s Batman Returns. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... Dr. Chase Meridian is a fictional character played by Nicole Kidman and appears in the 1995 film Batman Forever. ... Nicole Mary Kidman, Order of Australia (born 20 June 1967 in Honolulu) is an Academy Award-winning Australian/American[1] actress. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and often dark gothic atmosphere in his high-profile films. ... Howard Peter Guber (b. ... Jon Pagano Peters (born on 2 June 1945 in Van Nuys, California to Jack Peters and Helen Pagano) is a former hairdresser turned movie producer. ... Michael Uslan is the originator of the Batman movies and was the first professor to teach Comic Book Folklore at an accredited university. ... Sam Hamm is an American screenwriter, perhaps best known for writing the screenplays for the Tim Burton Batman films. ... Charles McKeown (b. ... Warren Skaaren (born March 9, 1946 in Rochester, Minnesota, USA-died December 28, 1990 in Austin, Texas, USA from cancer) was an American screenwriter and film producer. ... Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953 in Los Angeles, California) is an American musician who led the rock band Oingo Boingo as singer / songwriter from 1976 until its breakup in 1995, and has composed film scores extensively since 1985s Pee-wees Big Adventure. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ray Lovejoy was a film editor with over thirty years of experience in that field. ... Anton Furst is a distinguished production designer who won an Oscar for designing the Batmobile and the noirish nightmare version of Gotham City in Tim Burtons Batman (1989). ... Derek Meddings (15 January 1931–10 September 1995) was a British television and cinema special effects expert, initially noted for his work on the Supermarionation television puppet series produced by Gerry Anderson. ... Keith Short (born March 8, 1941) is a sculptor for the feature film industry. ... Denise Di Novi is an American film producer. ... Daniel Waters is an American screenwriter. ... Wesley Strick is an American screenwriter. ... Christopher John Lebenzon (29 October 1953, Redwood City, California) is an Academy Award-nominated American film editor. ... Bo Welch (born November 30, 1951) is a former motion picture production designer turned director. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... Boss Film Studios was founded by visual effects veteran Richard Edlund after his departure from Industrial Light and Magic, producing visual effects for over thirty films from 1983 to 1997. ... Jim Rygiel at Pop!Tech 2004 Jim Rygiel was the visual effects supervisor on “The Lord of the Rings” movie trilogy. ... Pacific Data Images was a computer animation production company that was bought by DreamWorks SKG. It is now known as PDI/DreamWorks and is half of DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. ... Kathy Long (born 21 April 1964) is an American kickboxer and five time world kickboxing champion. ... Anthony Charles De Longis, born March 23, 1950, in Glendale, California, United States, is an American actor, stuntman, and choreographer. ... Joel Schumacher (born August 29, 1939 in New York, New York, USA) is an American film director, writer, and producer. ... Akiva Goldsman (born July 7, 1962) is an American screenwriter, producer, and occasional actor in the motion picture industry. ... Elliot Goldenthal, born on May 2, 1954, in Brooklyn, New York City, is an American composer of contemporary music and has written works for concert hall, theater, dance and film. ... John Charles Dykstra (born June 3, 1947 in Long Beach, California, United States) is a special effects supervisor and pioneer in the development of the use of computers in film making. ... Stephen Goldblatt is an Oscar nominated cinematographer. ... Dennis Virkler is an Academy Award nominated film editor. ... Richard A. Rick Baker (born December 8, 1950 in Binghamton, New York, USA) is a Hollywood special makeup effects artist known for his realistic creature effects. ... Will Shortz (b. ... Mitchell (Mitch) Jay Gaylord (born March 10, 1961) is an American gymnast and Olympic Gold Medalist. ... For others of the same name, see Alan Grant. ... EFilm is wholly owned by Deluxe Laboratories. ... BUF Compagnie is a French/American digital visual effects company, specializing in CGI for feature films, commercials, and music videos. ... This page has been deleted, and protected to prevent re-creation. ... Rainmaker Digital Effects, more commonly just Rainmaker is a special effects studio located in Vancouver. ... Rhythm & Hues Studios is an Academy Award winning visual effects studio, founded in 1987 by six former employees of Robert Abel and Associates. ... Prince (UK) singles chronology Partyman (1989) The Arms of Orion (1989) Thieves in the Temple (1990) The Arms of Orion is a slow, romantic duet by Prince and Sheena Easton from the 1989 Batman soundtrack. ... Batdance is a song by Prince, from the 1989 Batman soundtrack (see 1989 in music). ... Despite the overwhelming negative publicity the film received, its soundtrack became very popular and was well received. ... While it garnered mixed reviews from critics, the 1989 Batman soundtrack returned Prince to the top of the Billboard album charts. ... Elliot Goldenthal scored the third Batman movie Batman Forever in 1995, it is one of his most dramatic and playfull soundtracks with big brass, insane strings and the kind of fairground noises you hear clowns making with their toys; yet there is still that ominous, sweeping, anthemic sound that Goldenthal... Elliot Goldenthal scored the third Batman movie Batman Forever in 1995, it is one of his most dramatic and playfull soundtracks with big brass, insane strings and the kind of fairground noises you hear clowns making with their toys; yet there is still that ominous, sweeping, anthemic sound that Goldenthal... The End Is the Beginning Is the End (or TEITBITE among fans) is a song by The Smashing Pumpkins. ... Siouxsie Sioux singles chronology Fear (of the Unknown) Siouxsie & the Banshees (1991) Face to Face (1992) Interlude Morrissey & Siouxsie (1994) Face to Face is a song recorded by English rock band Siouxsie & the Banshees. ... Single Information Foolish Games was Jewel’s third/fourth and final single taken from her debut album. ... Prince (DEU) singles chronology Scandalous (1989) The Future (1990) Thieves in the Temple (1990) The Future is a song from Princes 1989 Batman soundtrack, and the final single released from the album. ... Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me was a song by U2 released on the Batman Forever soundtrack album. ... The Hunter Gets Captured by the Game is a 1967 single by Motown Records girl group The Marvelettes, from their self-titled album of the same year. ... 1995 re-release Kiss from a Rose is a song from Seals second eponymous album Seal, subsequently featured on the Batman Forever (1995) film soundtrack. ... Look into My Eyes is a song by Bone Thugs-N-Harmony from the album The Art of War. ... Partyman is Princes 1989 followup to the No. ... The Passenger is a song by proto-punk artist Iggy Pop. ... Prince (DEU) singles chronology The Arms of Orion (1989) Scandalous (1989) The Future (1990) Scandalous is a smooth, romantic ballad by Prince, released as a single off his 1989 Batman soundtrack. ... Smash It Up (Part I & II) is a song released by the British punk rock band The Damned. ... Super Freak is a 1981 hit single, produced and performed by Rick James for the Motown label. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Batman is a horizontally scrolling beat em up and Run and gun arcade game released by Atari Games in 1991, produced by Numega. ... Batman is a Data East pinball machine released in August 1991. ... Batman can mean two different video games inspired on the eponymous superhero from DC Comics. ... Batman Returns is a video game for various platforms based on the movie of the same name. ... For the arcade, PlayStation, PC and Sega Saturn game, see Batman Forever: The Arcade Game Batman Forever is a beat em up game based on the movie of the same name. ... Batman & Robin is a video game based on the 1997 film of the same name. ... The Tumbler Batmobile as seen in Batman Begins. ... As the 1990s Batman films were handed over to director Joel Schumacher from Tim Burton, the design for the Batmobile became increasingly fanciful, as decorative lighting was added to the vehicles rims, sides and front edge, and the wing-shaped fins reached further into the air. ... Batman surrounded by batarangs. ... The Batboat from Batman: The Movie[1]. The Batboat is the fictional personal boat of comic book superhero Batman. ... The Batboat from Batman: The Movie[1]. The Batboat is the fictional personal boat of comic book superhero Batman. ... The Batboat from Batman: The Movie[1]. The Batboat is the fictional personal boat of comic book superhero Batman. ... The Batplane (or Batwing) is the fictional aircraft for the comic book superhero Batman. ... The Batplane (or Batwing) is the fictional aircraft for the comic book superhero Batman. ... The Batplane (or Batwing) is the fictional aircraft for the comic book superhero Batman. ... Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... Batmans utility belt is the most characteristic portion of Batmans costume, much like Wonder Womans Lasso of Truth, or Green Lanterns power ring. ... The Batcycle from Batman: The Movie. ... The Joker with a victim of Joker venom, in the OverPower card game Joker venom is a fictional toxin, a favourite murder weapon utilised by The Joker in the Batman franchise of movies, comics, and cartoons. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... The Batcave. ... The Batcave. ... The Batcave. ... The Batcave. ... The Batcave. ... Wayne Manor in 1989s Batman. ... Knebworth House is a country house near Stevenage in Hertfordshire, England. ... The great hall Hatfield House is a country house set in a large park, the Great Park, on the eastern side of the town of Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England. ... The Webb Institute is a specialized private college in Glen Cove, New York that has only one program, which is undergraduate. ... Arkham Asylum as it appeared on Batman: The Animated Series. ... Arkham Asylum as it appeared on Batman: The Animated Series. ... Arkham Asylum as it appeared on Batman: The Animated Series. ... Axis Chemicals is a fictional chemical plant in the first Batman film and in DC Comics. ... The gatehouse at Pinewood Studios Pinewood Studios is a major British film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. ... Batman Adventure: The Ride is a Batman-themed attraction at the Warner Bros. ... Mind Bender is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Over Georgia near Atlanta, Georgia. ... Mr. ... Mr. ... This article is about the various depictions of the fictional character Batman, the DC Comics superhero. ... The Batman supervillain Joker has made several appearances in media other than DC Comics. ... This article is about the comic book superhero Robin as he appears in other media, such as films, television and radio. ... Actress Dina Meyer portrays Barbara Gordon in the television series Birds of Prey This article focuses on the adaptations of fictional superheroine Barbara Gordon into popular media. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thal is a small village in Austria, near the city of Graz. ...

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Arnold Schwarzenegger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (8497 words)
Arnold Schwarzenegger (right) pictured next to an M47 tank, which he was trained to operate.
Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve; a normal aorta has three leaflets.
Schwarzenegger supported the campaign of his friend, Kurt Waldheim, former UN chief and a former Austrian politician who was accused of war crimes during World War II in Yugoslavia, which resulted in both Waldheim, and his wife, Elisabeth, both of whom belonged to the Nazi Party, being excluded from entering the United States.
Arnold Schwarzenegger (7348 words)
Schwarzenegger was born in Thal, Austria, a small town near the Styrian capital, Graz, and christened Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger.
Schwarzenegger has admitted to using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids whilst they were legal, writing in 1977 that "[steroids] were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest.
Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve; a normal heart has tricuspid valves.
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