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Encyclopedia > Arnold Fanck

Arnold Fanck (born 6 March 1889 in Frankenthal, Germany; died 28 September 1974 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany) was a pioneer of the German mountain film. March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Political status Country: Germany Federal state: Rhineland-Palatinate Region: Rhine Neckar Area District: Independent municipality Facts Population: 47,564 (December 2003) Area: 43. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Freiburg city from Schlossberg Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald) with about 214,000 inhabitants. ... A mountain film is a film genre that focusses on mountaineering and especially the battle of man against nature. ...


Together with Odo Deodatus Tauern, Bernhard Villinger and Rolf Bauer, Fanck established the company "Berg- und Sportfilm GmbH Freiburg" in Freiburg im Breisgau in 1920. Fanck, who held a PhD in geology, realized mountain films, sports films and ski films. He was assisted by Sepp Allgeier, a cameraman who later belonged to Leni Riefenstahl's team. His most popular and successful films of the period between the wars include: 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... PhD usually refers to the academic title Doctor of Philosophy PhD can also refer to the manga Phantasy Degree This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The Blue Marble: The famous photo of the Earth taken en route to the Moon by Apollo 17s Harrison Schmitt on December 7, 1972. ... // Overview A Sports Film is a film genre that uses sport as the theme of a film. ... A cinematographer (from cinema photographer) is one photographing with a motion picture camera. ... Riefenstahl, 1931 Helene Bertha Amalie Leni Riefenstahl (August 22, 1902 – September 8, 2003) was a German dancer, actor, and film director widely noted for her aesthetics and advances in film technique. ...

  • Das Wunder des Schneeschuhs (1919/20),
  • Die weiße Hölle von Piz Palü (1928) and
  • SOS Eisberg (1932), which was filmed off Greenland

During the National Socialist period, Fanck got in trouble with propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, since he refused to cooperate — apparently because of the necessity of joining the party. In 1934, he also began working on his film Der ewige Traum/Der König vom Mont-Blanc, which not only starred a French hero in French mountains, but also had a Jewish producer, Gregor Rabinowitsch. This conflict brought Fanck into economic difficulties, which he was only able to surmount by accepting a contract of the Japanese ministry of culture in 1936. With Die Tochter des Samurai and other "culture films", Fanck decided to cooperate with the fascist regime. Soon afterwards, he produced Ein Robinson (1938/39) a propaganda film for Bavaria Filmkunst. After World War II, Fanck's main films of the National Socialist period were proscribed by the allied military governments. Fanck received no further job offers and had to work as a lumberjack. The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Joseph Goebbels (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was Adolf Hitlers Propaganda Minister (see Propagandaministerium) in Nazi Germany. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... From the Greek cognate , in mythology and folklore, a hero (male) or heroine (female) is an eminent character archetype that quintessentially embodies key traits valued by its originating culture. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Why We Fight Series depicts the Nazi propaganda machine. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Lumberjacks in Oregon, c. ...


After the screening of his film Der ewige Traum at the mountain film festival in Trento in 1957, Fanck was once again recognized for his artistic achievements. In order to survive his economic difficulties, however, he was forced to sell the rights to his films to a friend, until TV broadcasts improved his situation. Trento, in English sometimes called Trent, Italian Trento (TREN-to), German Trient (tree-ENT), Latin Tridentum, is an Italian city located in the Adige river valley in the Trentino-South Tyrol region. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


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Riefenstahl (1209 words)
Considered in some quarters the nearest thing to a war criminal and in others a film genius, Leni Riefenstahl symbolizes the fate of a naïve actress and director prompted to deal with devils—devils on the order of Adolf Hitler, who sparked her film career, and Joseph Goebbels, who almost as quickly curtailed it.
As a young woman, Riefenstahl initially studied and performed modern dance (an avocation that would surface in some of her own films) before she was asked by director Arnold Fanck to appear in his dramatic features about skiers and mountain climbers braving avalanches and gorges.
While starring in these films, she learned production techniques, especially the value of location shooting and aerial photography, for which Fanck's films were well known.
World Cinema: Directors -- Leni Riefenstahl (200 words)
Trained as a dancer, Riefenstahl started her film career as an actress in Arnold Fanck's "mountain films" (Der heilige Berg / The Holy Mountain, 1926, among others).
With her first film as a director, Das blaue Licht / The Blue Light (1932), Riefenstahl not only gained critical and commercial success, but also won Hitler's personal approval, leading to a commission to film the Nuremberg Party Convention in 1934.
This page was last updated on 3 September 2000.
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