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Encyclopedia > Arnold Arboretum

The Arnold Arboretum is one of the world's finest research arboretums. It is 265 acres (107 hectares) in size, run by Harvard College, located in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, USA, and open to the public. The Arboretum is very popular with many Boston residents, and most especially during the blossoming of its famous lilacs. An arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and other woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study. ... Today Harvard College is the undergraduate portion of Harvard University. ... Jamaica Plain is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney (R) Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ...


The Arboretum was established in 1872 by the will of James Arnold (1781-1868), a whaling merchant of New Bedford, Massachusetts, who gave a legacy "for the establishment and support of an arboretum, to be known as the Arnold Arboretum, which shall contain, as far as practicable, all the trees [and] shrubs . . . either indigenous or exotic, which can be raised in the open air". Prof. Francis Parkman of Harvard led the Arboretum for its first few months, and Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927) was appointed the Arboretum's first director in 1873. Sargent came to agreement with the City of Boston, in 1882, so that the Harvard-owned land on which the Arnold Arboretum was established became part of the city park system, but control of the collections rested with the Arboretum staff. The Arboretum agreed to keep the grounds open to the general public, free of charge, from sunrise to sunset every day of the year. As a result of this unique arrangement the Arboretum became part of the famous "Emerald Necklace", the 7 mile (11 km) long network of parks and parkways that Frederick Law Olmsted laid out for the Boston Parks Department between 1878 and 1892. A view of New Bedford from the harbor New Bedford is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Francis Parkman Francis Parkman (September 16, 1823–November 8, 1893) was born in Boston, Massachusetts and died in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Charles Sprague Sargent Charles Sprague Sargent (April 21, 1841-March 22, 1927) was an American botanist. ... The Emerald Necklace is a long string of parks in Boston, Massachusetts designed by Frederick Law Olmstead. ... Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822–August 28, 1903) was a United States landscape architect, famous for designing many well known urban parks, including Central Park in New York, New York, the countrys oldest coordinated system of public parks and parkways in Buffalo, New York, the countrys oldest...


The Arboretum's design came from close collaboration with Olmsted, who laid out the path and roadway system and designated areas within the Arboretum for specific groups of plants. Early on, Sargent decided to arrange the plant collections by family and genus, following the then generally accepted classification system of Bentham and Hooker. He also developed a comprehensive library devoted to botany, horticulture, and dendrology, an equally notable herbarium to serve as the repository of specimens of woody plants from throughout the world, and a publication program that included both scholarly and semi-popular works. In addition, the Arboretum's exploration around the world, especially in eastern Asia, has brought many new plants into cultivation and greatly expanded our knowledge of their evolution and systematics. The Arboretum continues to maintain its living collections in the naturalistic style originally established by Sargent and Olmsted; collections are still arranged in large part according to the Bentham and Hooker classification system. Plant exploration also continues, with seven major collecting trips to eastern Asia sponsored by the Arboretum since 1977. George Bentham George Bentham (September 22, 1800 – September 10, 1884) was an English botanist, perhaps the greatest systematic botanist of the 19th century. ... Sir William Jackson Hooker (July 6, 1785 - August 12, 1865) was an English botanist. ... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... The Latin words hortus (garden plant) and cultura (culture) together form horticulture, classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... Dendrology, from the Ancient Greek dendron meaning tree and logos meaning study, is the science of trees, and more generally the study of woody vegetation. ... In Botany, a herbarium is a collection of preserved plants or plant parts, mainly in a dried form. ... World map showing location of Asia Asia is the central and eastern part of Eurasia, defined by subtracting Europe from Eurasia. ...


In January 2000, the living collections consisted of some 7,082 accessioned plants representing 4,544 botanical and horticultural taxa, with particular emphasis on the woody species of North America and eastern Asia and an especially comprehensive representation of Fagus (beech), Lonicera (honeysuckle), Magnolia, Malus (crabapple), Quercus (oak), Rhododendron, and Syringa (lilac). Collections of historical interest include the plants introduced from eastern Asia by Sargent, Ernest Henry Wilson, William Purdom, and Joseph Rock. In addition to its living collections the Arboretum holds a herbarium collection in excess of 5 million specimens, and over 40,000 volumes in its library. It has been suggested that Northern America be merged into this article or section. ... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Species Lonicera albiflora Lonicera arizonica Lonicera x bella Lonicera caerulea Lonicera canadensis Lonicera caprifolium Lonicera chrysantha Lonicera ciliosa Lonicera conjugialis Lonicera dioica Lonicera etrusca Lonicera flava Lonicera fragrantissima Lonicera x heckrottii Lonicera hirsuta Lonicera hispidula Lonicera interrupta Lonicera involucrata Lonicera japonica Lonicera korolkowii Lonicera maackii Lonicera x minutiflora Lonicera morrowii... Species See text Magnolia is a large genus of about 120 flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... Species - Southern Crab - Siberian Crabapple - Sweet Crabapple - Apple - Japanese Crabapple - Oregon Crab - Chinese Crabapple - Prairie Crab - Asian Wild Apple - European Wild Apple Malus, the apples, is a genus of about 30-35 species of small deciduous trees or shrubs in the family Rosaceae, including most importantly the domesticated Orchard or... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Lithocarpus. ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose; dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... Species About 20 species; see text. ... Joseph Francis Charles Rock, (1884 – 1962) was an Austrian-American explorer, geographer, linguist and botanist. ...


See also

This list of botanical gardens in the United States is intended to include all significant botanical gardens and arboretums in the United States of America. ...

External links

  • Arnold Arboritum Official website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Boston's Arnold Arboretum--Reading 1 (774 words)
The Arnold Arboretum, among the "jewels" of Boston's Emerald Necklace, was the first arboretum in the United States.
The catalyst for establishing an arboretum, a place for the scientific study and exhibition of trees, was the death of James Arnold, a successful Massachusetts merchant.
Arnold had bequeathed $100,000 upon his death in 1868 for study and research in either agriculture (raising crops and livestock) or horticulture (raising flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants).
Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2520 words)
The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University was founded in 1872 when the President and Fellows of the then Harvard College became trustees of a portion of the estate of James Arnold (1781-1868).
The Arnold Arboretum is located in the Jamaica Plain and Roslindale sections of Boston, Massachusetts, and the main Arborway gate is located on Route 203 a few hundred yards south of its junction with the Jamaicaway.
The Arboretum is also a cooperating institution with the Center for Plant Conservation (CPC), and as an active member of the North American Plant Collections Consortium (NAPCC), it is committed to broadening and maintaining its holdings of: Acer, Carya, Fagus, Stewartia, Syringa, and Tsuga for the purposes of plant conservation, evaluation, and research.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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