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Encyclopedia > Army of the Potomac
Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. Headquarters Army of the Potomac, November 10th 1862.
Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. Headquarters Army of the Potomac, November 10th 1862.

The Army of the Potomac was the major Union Army in the Eastern Theatre of the American Civil War. Download high resolution version (900x694, 347 KB)TITLE: Warrenton, Virginia. ... Download high resolution version (900x694, 347 KB)TITLE: Warrenton, Virginia. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-four mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the...


History

The Army of the Potomac was created in 1861, but was only the size of a corps (relatively speaking). It began as the Army of Northeastern Virginia, but received its more recognized name in July. It had many commanders and many structural changes. It was eventually disbanded in 1865, after the war was over. 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


The Army of the Potomac was also the name given to General P.G.T. Beauregard's Confederate army during the early stages of the war (namely, the First Battle of Bull Run). However, the name was eventually changed to the Army of Northern Virginia, which became famous under General Robert E. Lee. Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard (BO-rih-gahrd) (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893), best known as a general for the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, was also a writer, civil servant, and inventor. ... For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Largest... The First Battle of Bull Run, referred to as the First Battle of Manassas in the South, (July 21, 1861), was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. ... The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... Robert Edward Lee, as a U.S. Army Colonel before the war Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career army officer and the most successful general of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War. ...


Some believe that John Pope's Army of Virginia was another name for this army; however, during the time that the Army of Virginia existed, the Army of the Potomac was still active on the Peninsula, and General McClellan still had command of it.yeah Major General John Pope John Pope (March 18, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career Army officer and general in the American Civil War. ... The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. ...


Commanders

General Irvin McDowell Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 – May 4, 1885) was an American military officer, famous for his participation in the American Civil War. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... George McClellan George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was a major general (and briefly the general-in-chief of all the Union armies) during the American Civil War. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Portrait of Ambrose Burnside by Mathew Brady, ca. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... This article is about Joseph Hooker, the U.S. Civil War Major General. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 - November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...

Major Battles and Campaigns

From the Overland Campaign to the end of the war, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant accompanied Meade's headquarters and supervised the actions of the Army of the Potomac along with all other forces in the Union Army, but Meade retained formal command. The First Battle of Bull Run, referred to as the First Battle of Manassas in the South, (July 21, 1861), was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1862 Map of the events of the Peninsula Campaign The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union offensive operation launched in southern Virginia in March through July of 1862. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1862 The Seven Days Battles was a series of six major battles over the seven days from June 25 to July 1, 1862, near Richmond, Virginia, in the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders George B. McClellan Robert E. Lee Strength 87,000 men 45,000 men Casualties 2,108 killed, 9,549 wounded, 753 captured/missing 1,512 killed, 7,816 wounded, 1,844 captured/missing The Battle of Antietam (known as the... The Battle of Fredericksburg, fought on December 13, 1862 between General Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac commanded by Maj. ... The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War in 1863. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1863, showing Chancellorsville and the Gettysburg Campaign (through July 3) The Gettysburg Campaign was a series of battles fought in June and July, 1863, during the American Civil War. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Battle of Mine Run Conflict American Civil War Date November 27–December 2, 1863 Place Orange County, Virginia Result Inconclusive The Battle of Mine Run, also known as Paynes Farm, or New Hope Church, or the Mine Run Campaign (November 27 – December 2, 1863), was conducted in Orange County... Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee The Overland Campaign, or Grants Overland Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June, 1864, in the American Civil War. ... Troops in the Siege of Petersburg faced the usual siege armaments — projectiles of all shapes and sizes and attacks on fortifications — but the Union added underground explosives to the mix. ... The Battle of the Crater was a battle of the American Civil War, part of the Siege of Petersburg. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1865 The Appomattox Campaign (March 29 – April 9, 1865) was a series of battles fought in Virginia that culminated in the surrender of Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia and the effective end of the American Civil War. ... Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee The Overland Campaign, or Grants Overland Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June, 1864, in the American Civil War. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Army of the Potomac (807 words)
General Ambrose Burnside and the Army of the Potomac is soundly beaten by Lee's Army of North Virginia.
Robert E. Lee [CS] and the Army of Northern Virginia crosses the Rapidan in an attempt to outflank the Army of the Potomac.
From its beginning as the Army of Northeastern Virginia, The Union Army of the Potomac was the largest of all armies engaged in The Civil War.
Army of the Potomac - Ohio History Central - A product of the Ohio Historical Society (537 words)
The Army of the Potomac did succeed in stopping the Army of Northern Virginia's invasions of the North at the Battle of Antietam in 1862 and the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, but victories during the conflict's first three years were few for the Army of the Potomac.
The Army of Northern Virginia soundly defeated Burnside's army at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862.
While the Army of the Potomac lost more men at the Battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and Cold Harbor in 1864, the North's constant attacks severely weakened the South's ability to wage war, forcing the Army of Northern Virginia to surrender in April 1865.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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