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Encyclopedia > Army of the Ohio

The Army of the Ohio was the name of two Union armies in the American Civil War. The first army became the Army of the Cumberland and the second army was created in 1863. The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-three mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the... Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...

Contents


History

General Orders No. 97 commanded Major General Don Carlos Buell to assume command of the Department of the Ohio. All the forces of the department were then organized into the Army of the Ohio with Buell in command. Early in 1862, the army fought its first engagement at the Battle of Mill Springs, although only the 1st Division, commanded by George H. Thomas, was engaged. The whole army marched to the reinforce Ulysses S. Grant on the second day of the Battle of Shiloh. Buell was replaced as commander of the Department of the Ohio by Horatio G. Wright in August, and Henry W. Halleck ordered Thomas to assume command of the army. However, Thomas foresaw a major battle and felt it unwise to change an army commander on the eve of battle. Thus Buell remained in command of the army and Thomas was made second-in-command. The battle Thomas foresaw occurred in October, 1862, when the army repulsed the Confederate Heartland Offensive at the Battle of Perryville. Buell came under criticism for not following up his victory and was relieved of command of the army, replaced by William S. Rosecrans. Rosecrans was also appointed to command of the Department of the Cumberland and subsequently renamed the army the Army of the Cumberland. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Don Carlos Buell ( 23 March 1818- 19 November 1898) was an American assistant adjutant general who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the Civil War. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Battle of Mill Springs Conflict American Civil War Date January 19, 1862 Place Pulaski County and Wayne County, Kentucky Result Union victory The Battle of Mill Springs, also known as Logans Cross Roads was a decisive Union victory that made a Union invasion into Tennessee possible. ... General George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 - March 28, 1870), Northern general during the American Civil War, was born in Southampton County, Virginia. ... Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee. ... Horatio G. Wright Horatio Gouverneur Wright ( March 6, 1820 – July 2, 1899) was an engineer and officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... Henry Wager Halleck (1815 - 1872) was an American soldier and politician. ... October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of Perryville was an important but largely neglected encounter in the American Civil War. ... William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819 - March 11, 1898), nicknamed Old Rosy, served as an American military officer. ... Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ...


On March 25, 1863, Major General Ambrose Burnside assumed command of the Department of the Ohio. Burnside consolidated all the forces of the department and created the XXIII Corps, which was also named the Army of the Ohio, with himself in command. He became one of the only officers to directly command two completely different armies (he had earlier commanded the Army of the Potomac). The new Army of the Ohio first repelled Morgan's Ohio raid, although the entire army rarely functioned as one whole unit during this campaign. Next Burnside moved to Knoxville, Tennessee. Here the IX Corps was added and the army grew to two corps, plus a division of cavalry. Burnside defeated the Confederates at the Battle of Fort Sanders. After the battle, he asked to be relieved of command due to illness. Major General John G. Foster replaced Burnside as commander of the army and Department of the Ohio on December 9. March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Portrait of Ambrose Burnside by Mathew Brady, ca. ... XXIII Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. ... Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan Morgans Raid was a highly publicized incursion by Confederate cavalry into the Northern states of Indiana and Ohio during the American Civil War. ... City nickname: The Marble City, K-Town, Big Orange Country, Knox Vegas Location Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee Government Cities in Tennessee Tennessee Mayor Bill Haslam Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 254. ... IX Corps (Ninth Corps) was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War that distinguished itself in combat in multiple theaters: the Carolinas, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi. ... Battle of Fort Sanders Conflict American Civil War Date November 29, 1863 Place Knox County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Fort Sanders (precipitated by the Siege of Knoxville, which began on November 17, 1863) was an engagement of the American Civil War fought in Knoxville, Tennessee. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Foster's time in command of the army was short. On February 9, 1864, Major General John M. Schofield assumed command of the Department of the Ohio, and then the Army of the Ohio and the XXIII Corps in April. During this time the XXIII Corps and the Army of the Ohio would be synonymous. Schofield led the army during the Atlanta campaign and pursued John Bell Hood into Tennessee after the fall of Atlanta. At the Battle of Franklin, Schofield inflicted a severe defeat on Hood's Confederate army before joining with George H. Thomas and the Army of the Cumberland for the Battle of Nashville. On February 9, 1865, Schofield was transferred to command the Department of North Carolina. When Schofield departed to assumed departmental command, Jacob D. Cox temporarily assumed command of the army. February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For John Schofield, the recipient of a Victoria Cross see John Schofield (VC). ... Palisades and chevaux-de-frise in front of the Potter House, Atlanta, Georgia, 1864. ... John Bell Hood John Bell Hood (June 1, 1831 – August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Senators Bill Frist (R) Lamar Alexander (R) Official language(s) English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... Battle of Atlanta Conflict American Civil War Date July 22, 1864 Place Fulton County, Georgia Result Union victory The Battle of Atlanta was a battle of the Atlanta campaign fought during the American Civil War on July 22, 1864 just northeast of Atlanta, Georgia. ... Battle of Franklin II Conflict American Civil War Date November 30, 1864 Place Williamson County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Franklin was a major engagement of the American Civil War fought at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. ... General George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 - March 28, 1870), Northern general during the American Civil War, was born in Southampton County, Virginia. ... Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ... The Battle of Nashville was a two-day battle in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign that represented the end of large-scale fighting in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Jacob Dolson Cox (October 27, 1828 - August 4, 1900) was an officer in the Union Army during the Civil War and later a Republican politician from Ohio. ...


The XXIII Corps was ordered to North Carolina and only Cox's division was present for the battle of Wilmington. It was not until March, 1865 that the rest of the XXIII Corps landed at New Bern, North Carolina. Upon the arrival of the XXIII Corps in its entirety, Schofield joined that corps with the X Corps under General Alfred H. Terry to form the Army of the Ohio. The army was designated the Center of William T. Sherman's Army Group and participated in the final stages of the Carolinas campaign. With the close of the war, the troops were mustered out of military service. A number of post-war reunions were held by various elements of the old Army of the Ohio. The Battle of Wilmington was fought February 11–22, 1865, during the American Civil War. ... New Bern is a city located in Craven County, North Carolina where the Trent River and the Neuse River converge. ... X Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... Alfred Howe Terry (November 10, 1827 - December 16, 1890) was a American Civil War general and the military commander of the Dakota Territory from 1866 to 1869 and again from 1872 to 1886. ... Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. ...


Commanders

Don Carlos Buell ( 23 March 1818- 19 November 1898) was an American assistant adjutant general who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the Civil War. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819 - March 11, 1898), nicknamed Old Rosy, served as an American military officer. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Portrait of Ambrose Burnside by Mathew Brady, ca. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For John Schofield, the recipient of a Victoria Cross see John Schofield (VC). ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Jacob Dolson Cox (October 27, 1828 - August 4, 1900) was an officer in the Union Army during the Civil War and later a Republican politician from Ohio. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For John Schofield, the recipient of a Victoria Cross see John Schofield (VC). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Jacob Dolson Cox (October 27, 1828 - August 4, 1900) was an officer in the Union Army during the Civil War and later a Republican politician from Ohio. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... For John Schofield, the recipient of a Victoria Cross see John Schofield (VC). ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...

Major Battles and Campaigns

The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee. ... The Battle of Perryville was an important but largely neglected encounter in the American Civil War. ... Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan Morgans Raid was a highly publicized incursion by Confederate cavalry into the Northern states of Indiana and Ohio during the American Civil War. ... Palisades and chevaux-de-frise in front of the Potter House, Atlanta, Georgia, 1864. ... Battle of Franklin II Conflict American Civil War Date November 30, 1864 Place Williamson County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Franklin was a major engagement of the American Civil War fought at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. ... The Battle of Nashville was a two-day battle in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign that represented the end of large-scale fighting in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. ...

References

  • Army of the Ohio

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Army of the Ohio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (820 words)
The new Army of the Ohio first repelled Morgan's Ohio raid, although the entire army rarely functioned as one whole unit during this campaign.
On February 9, 1864, Major General John M. Schofield assumed command of the Department of the Ohio, and then the Army of the Ohio and the XXIII Corps in April.
The army was designated the Center of William T. Sherman's Army Group and participated in the final stages of the Carolinas Campaign.
Army of Tennessee: Information from Answers.com (842 words)
However, reinforced by James Longstreet's corps from the Army of Northern Virginia, the Army of Tennessee was able to inflict a significant defeat on Rosecrans at Chickamauga in September 1863, advancing to besiege Chattanooga.
The Army of the Cumberland was, however, reinforced by the troops of Grant's Army of the Tennessee, along with two corps from the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen.
In the meanwhile, Hood was faced in Tennessee by the army's old enemy, the Army of the Cumberland, under George H. Thomas, as well as the Army of the Ohio under John Schofield.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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