FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Army of the Gulf

The Army of the Gulf was a Union army that served in the general area of the gulf states controlled by Union forces. It mainly saw action in Louisiana and Alabama. Wikiquote has quotations relating to: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government Official website of the United States government - Gateway to governmental sites White House - Official site of the US President Senate. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,468,976 (22nd)  - Density 39. ... Alabama is a state located in the southern United States; the population of Alabama is 4,447,100 as of 2000. ...

Contents

History

When Admiral David G. Farragut captured New Orleans in 1862 the Department of the Gulf was created. The commander of the Union occupation forces, Benjamin F. Butler was placed in command of the department. In March Butler assumed command of the department and the Army of the Gulf was created from the troops now designated to the Dept of the Gulf. The army saw little action the rest of the year and Butler was replaced by Major General Nathaniel Banks on December 17. Banks assumed command of the Dept of the Gulf, the Army of the Gulf and the XIX Corps which were all the same force. Banks led the army in several engagements in lower Louisiana which eventually led to the Siege of Port Hudson the army's first major engagement. The army endured the siege and the post was finally surrenedered on July 9, 1863. The next year the XIII Corps and two divisions of the XVI Corps were added to the department incresing the army to over three corps. Banks retained command of the army and department while Gen. William H. Emory assumed command of the XIX Corps. That March Banks began his disastrous Red River campaign. After the failure of the campaign Banks resigned from the army and was replaced by Gen. Stephen Hurlbut. The XIX Corps was sent to the Shenandoah Valley and the forces that remained in the army participated in the land attack at the Battle of Mobile Bay. Late in the war Gen. Canby's Military Division of West Mississippi was given the army's two remaining corps, the XIII Corps and the XVI Corps for a planned offensive to capture the city of Mobile. During this opperation Canby renaimed the force Army of West Mississippi after the military division that he commanded. Although now under a different title the force was virtually the same army and it took part in the Battle of Spanish Fort and the Battle of Fort Blakely. Canby was appointed command of the Dept of the Gulf at the closing of the war and the forces once again became the Army of the Gulf. Admiral is a word from either the Arabic term amir-al-bahr, or the Irish term Ard muirfhear or Ardmurar , both meaning commander of the seas. ... Admiral David Glasgow Farragut David Glasgow Farragut (July 5, 1801 - August 14, 1870) was an admiral of the United States Navy during the American Civil War. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... 1862 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Benjamin Franklin Butler Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818–January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer, soldier and politician. ... For alternative meanings, see March (disambiguation). ... Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (January 30, 1816–September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, was born at Waltham, Massachusetts. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Battle of Port Hudson Conflict American Civil War Date May 21-July 9, 1863 Place East Baton Rouge Parish and East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana Result Union victory The Siege of Port Hudson occurred in 1863 when 30,000 Union Army troops surrounded the Mississippi River town of Port Hudson, Louisiana. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... For alternative meanings, see March (disambiguation). ... The term Red River has the following uses: Rivers Red River of the North, a river that flows northward between North Dakota and Minnesota into Lake Winnipeg, site of the Red River Settlement; also center of the Red River Valley, a historic region of the United States and Canada Red... Canoeing on the Shenandoah River near Winchester, Virginia. ... Battle of Mobile Bay Conflict American Civil War (Anaconda Plan) Date August 5, 1864 Place Mouth of Mobile Bay Off the coast of Alabama Result Confederate surrender The Battle of Mobile Bay was a naval battle of the American Civil War that occurred on 5 August 1864. ... Mobile and Mobile Bay from space, June 1991 Mobile is a city located in Mobile County, Alabama, United States. ... In the American Civil War the Army of West Mississippi was virtually the same force as the Army of the Gulf but was renamed so as it was fighting under the Military Division of West Mississippi, Department of the Gulf commanded by Major General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby. ... Battle of Spanish Fort Conflict American Civil War Date March 27-April 8, 1865 Place Baldwin County, Alabama Result Union victory The Battle of Spanish Fort took place from March 27-April 8, 1865 in Baldwin County, Alabama, as part of the Mobile Campaign of the Main Western Theater. ... Battle of Fort Blakely Conflict American Civil War Date April 2-9, 1865 Place Baldwin County, Alabama Result Union victory, Fort Blakely surrendered The Battle of Fort Blakely took place from April 2-9, 1865 in Baldwin County, Alabama, as part of the Mobile Campaign of the Main Western Theater. ...


Commanders

  • Major General Benjamin F. Butler (March 20-December 17, 1862)
  • Major General Nathaniel Banks (December 17-Sept 23, 1863)
  • Major General Stephen Hurlbut (Sept 23-April 22, 1865)
  • Major General E.R.S. Canby (April 22-the close of the war)

Benjamin Franklin Butler Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818–January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer, soldier and politician. ... Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (January 30, 1816–September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, was born at Waltham, Massachusetts. ... Major General E.R.S Canby Major General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby (November 9, 1817–April 11, 1873) graduated from West Point in 1839. ...

Major Battles and Campaigns

Battle of Port Hudson Conflict American Civil War Date May 21-July 9, 1863 Place East Baton Rouge Parish and East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana Result Union victory The Siege of Port Hudson occurred in 1863 when 30,000 Union Army troops surrounded the Mississippi River town of Port Hudson, Louisiana. ... Battle of Spanish Fort Conflict American Civil War Date March 27-April 8, 1865 Place Baldwin County, Alabama Result Union victory The Battle of Spanish Fort took place from March 27-April 8, 1865 in Baldwin County, Alabama, as part of the Mobile Campaign of the Main Western Theater. ... Battle of Fort Blakely Conflict American Civil War Date April 2-9, 1865 Place Baldwin County, Alabama Result Union victory, Fort Blakely surrendered The Battle of Fort Blakely took place from April 2-9, 1865 in Baldwin County, Alabama, as part of the Mobile Campaign of the Main Western Theater. ...

Sources

http://www.civilwarchronicles.com/commanders.htm
http://www.civilwarhome.com/armyofgulf.htm


See Also

Army of West Mississippi In the American Civil War the Army of West Mississippi was virtually the same force as the Army of the Gulf but was renamed so as it was fighting under the Military Division of West Mississippi, Department of the Gulf commanded by Major General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Army of the Gulf - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (529 words)
The Army of the Gulf was a Union army that served in the general area of the Gulf states controlled by Union forces.
The XIX Corps was sent to the Shenandoah Valley and the forces that remained in the army participated in the land attack at the Battle of Mobile Bay.
Canby was appointed command of the Department of the Gulf at the closing of the war and the forces once again became the Army of the Gulf.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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