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Encyclopedia > Army Prosecutions Authority

The Army Prosecuting Authority (APA) is an agency of the British Ministry of Defence. It was created as an independent body by the Armed Forces Act 1996 on 1 April 1997 and has branches in the United Kingdom and in British Forces Germany (BFG). The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The British Forces Germany (BFG) is the successor of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) and Royal Air Force Germany (RAFG), which were disbanded in 1994 after the end of the Cold War. ...

The current Prosecuting Authority is Major-General D. M. Howell, who is also the Director of Army Legal Services.

The APA came into being after the court martial sysyem was challenged in the European Court of Human Rights by ex-Lance-Sergeant Alec Findlay. The complaint was that the system whereby the convening officer appointed the members of the court, appointed the prosecutor, directed the charges and, post-trial, became the confirming officer, was not an independent one. The ECHR upheld his complaint and found that the system had the appearance of being unfair. A court-martial (plural courts-martial) is a military court that determines punishments for members of the military subject to military law. ... European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), often referred to informally as the Strasbourg Court, was created to systematise the hearing of human rights complaints against States Parties to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, adopted by... In the British Army, a Lance Sergeant (LSgt or L/Sgt) was a Corporal acting in the rank of Sergeant. ...

The APA liaises with the Military Court Service, the office of the Judge Advocate General, the Attorney-General, other prosecuting authorities (including the Crown Prosecution Service), civilian solicitors, and the military and civilian police. This article is in reference to the U.S. JAG Corps. ... Her Majestys Attorney General for England and Wales, usually known as the Attorney General, is the chief legal adviser of the Crown in England and Wales. ... The Crown Prosecution Service, or CPS, is a non-ministerial department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for public prosecutions of people charged with criminal offences in England and Wales. ... A solicitor is a type of lawyer in many common law jurisdictions, such as the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Republic of Ireland, Australia New Zealand and Canada, but not the United States (in the United States the word has a quite different meaning—see below). ...

British Armed Forces
Royal Navy | British Army | Royal Air Force



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