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Encyclopedia > Army
Map of the world of the army forms Colour key: Green: No armed forces Blue: Fully voluntary/professional army Orange: Conscription, but abolition of conscription decided upon (<to 3 years) Red: Conscription (in some cases limited) Grey: No information
Map of the world of the army forms
Colour key:
  • Green: No armed forces
  • Blue: Fully voluntary/professional army
  • Orange: Conscription, but abolition of conscription decided upon (<to 3 years)
  • Red: Conscription (in some cases limited)
  • Grey: No information

An army (from Latin armata "act of arming" via Old French armée), in the broadest sense, is the land-based armed forces of a nation. It may also include other branches of the military such as an air force. Within a national military force, the word Army may also mean a field army, which is an operational formation, usually made up of one or more corps. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 30 KB) Map of conscription Map: Green: No armed services Blue: No conscription Orange: Plan for conscription to be abolished within 3 years Red: Conscription Gray: No information Even drawn and/or colored marks the individual countries on basis of... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 30 KB) Map of conscription Map: Green: No armed services Blue: No conscription Orange: Plan for conscription to be abolished within 3 years Red: Conscription Gray: No information Even drawn and/or colored marks the individual countries on basis of... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of modern Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300. ... Alternate cover US 1979 and 2002 reissue cover, also known as paint spatter cover For the military meaning, see Armed forces. ... For a particular Air Force, see List of air forces. ... A nations army is its military, or more specifically, all of its land forces. ... A formation is a high-level military organization, such as a Brigade, Division, Corps, Army or Army group. ... This article is about a military unit. ...


In several countries the army is officially called the land army to differentiate it from an air force called the air army, notably France.In such countries, the word "army" on its own retains its connotation of a land force in common usage. The current largest army in the world by number of active troops is the People's Liberation Army of China with 2,250,000 active troops and 800,000 reserve personnel. For a particular Air Force, see List of air forces. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ... A military reserve force is a military organization composed of part-time military personnel, and sometimes civilians, who are available to fight when a nation mobilizes for total war or to defend against invasion. ...


Field army

A field army is composed of a headquarters, army troops, a variable number of corps, and a variable number of divisions. A battle is influenced at the Field Army level by transferring divisions and reinforcements from one corps to another to increase the pressure on the enemy at a critical point. Armies are controlled by a General or Lieutienant General. A troop is a military unit. ... This article is about a military unit. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to twenty thousand soldiers. ...


Formations

People's Liberation Army in dress uniform, currently the largest army in the world in number of people
People's Liberation Army in dress uniform, currently the largest army in the world in number of people
German Army soldiers in Bosnia
Standard symbol for a numbered Army, the X'es are not substituting the army's number
Standard symbol for a numbered Army, the X'es are not substituting the army's number

A particular army can be named or numbered to distinguish it from military land forces in general. For example, the First United States Army and the Army of Northern Virginia. In the British Army it is normal to spell out the ordinal number of an army (e.g. First Army), whereas lower formations use figures (e.g. 1st Division). Download high resolution version (1050x742, 189 KB)courtesy of http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1050x742, 189 KB)courtesy of http://www. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 759 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2481 × 1960 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 759 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2481 × 1960 pixels, file size: 1. ... The German Army (German: [1], [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The First United States Army is a field army of the United States Army. ... The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Armies (as well as army groups and theaters) are large formations which vary significantly between armed forces in size, composition, and scope of responsibility. An army group is a military organization (formation) consisting of several armies, and is supposed to be self-sufficient for indefinite periods. ... Theater in military terms, is a geographic location used for military operations. ...


In the Soviet Red Army and the Soviet Air Force, "Armies" were actually corps-sized formations, subordinate to an Army Group-sized "front" in wartime. In peacetime, a Soviet army was usually subordinate to a military district. CCCP redirects here. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... VVS is a three letter acronym which may refer to: VVS, Very Very Slightly Included, a way of describing the clarity of a diamond. ... This article is about a military unit. ... An army group is a military organization (formation) consisting of several armies, and is supposed to be self-sufficient for indefinite periods. ... A Front (фронт) was a major military organization in the Soviet Army, roughly equivalent to an army or army group in British or American military terminology. ... The term Army, besides its generalized meaning (see army) specifically denotes a major military formation in militaries of various countries, including the Soviet Union. ... Military districts are territorial entities used for the purposes of military planning and strategizing. ...


For the hierarchy of land forcedom organizations, see military organization. The armed forces of a state are its government-sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations used to further the objectives of the state. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Army Home Page (203 words)
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Commonly known as Sappers, the Royal Engineers can trace their origins back to the military engineers brought to England by William the Conqueror and claim over 900 years of unbroken service to the crown.
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Whole new neighborhoods are under construction for Army families at Fort Huachuca.
In the spring of 1903, Douglas MacArthur graduated at the top of his class from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
MacArthur wore the castles as a young engineer officer and later carried them with him during his career as a commander in World War I, Army Chief of Staff, and Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in the Pacific in World War II.
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