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Encyclopedia > Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
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Scud Missile
Scud Missile

The U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) was established as an independent agency by the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (75 Stat. 631), September 26, 1961, a bill drafted by presidential adviser John J. McCloy. Its predecessor was the U.S. Disarmament Administration, part of the Department of State (1960-61). Its mission was to strengthen United States national security by "formulating, advocating, negotiating, implementing and verifying effective arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policies, strategies, and agreements."[1] In so doing, ACDA ensured that arms control was fully integrated into the development and conduct of United States national security policy. ACDA also conducted, supported, and coordinated research for arms control and disarmament policy formulation, prepared for and managed U.S. participation in international arms control and disarmament negotiations, and prepared, operated, and directed U.S. participation in international arms control and disarmament systems. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2030x1361, 661 KB) Scud Launcher http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2030x1361, 661 KB) Scud Launcher http://www. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Arms control is a broad term alluding to a range of political concepts and aims. ... Nuclear proliferation is the spread from nation to nation of nuclear technology, including nuclear power plants but especially nuclear weapons. ... Disarmament means the reduction or elimination by a nation of its weapons systems. ...

Contents


Early mission

In the 1970s emphasis of the agency was placed upon gaining an understanding of USSR and China strategic weapons capabilities. The electronic reconnaissance capability of the USA was expanded through federal agency research and private contract research, utilizing radio frequency as well as optical technologies. The theory of this mission was that a clearer understanding of other nations' strategic capabilities was an important initial step in prevention of nuclear war.


1997 Reorganization

In 1997, the Clinton administration announced the full integration of the ACDA with the State Department as part of the reinvention of the agencies which implement the nation’s foreign policy.[2] Order: 42nd President Term of Office: January 20, 1993–January 20, 2001 Preceded by: George H. W. Bush Succeeded by: George W. Bush Date of birth: August 19, 1946 Place of birth: Hope, Arkansas Date of death: Place of death: First Lady: Hillary Rodham Clinton Political party: Democratic Vice President...


The ACDA Director now serves as both the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs and a Senior Adviser to the President and the Secretary of State for Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament. He communicates with the President through the Secretary of State. In his capacity as senior advisor to the president, the Under Secretary attends and participates, at the direction of the president, in National Security Council (NSC) and subordinate meetings pertaining to arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament and has the right to communicate, through the Secretary of State, with the President and members of the NSC on arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament concerns. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ...


Under Secretary's Responsibilities

The Under Secretary leads the interagency policy process on nonproliferation and manages global U.S. security policy, principally in the areas of nonproliferation, arms control, regional security and defense relations, and arms transfers and security assistance. The Under Secretary provides policy direction in the following areas: nonproliferation, including the missile and nuclear areas, as well as chemical, biological, and conventional weapons proliferation; arms control, including negotiation, ratification, verification and compliance, and implementation of agreements on strategic, non-conventional, and conventional forces; regional security and defense relations, involving policy regarding U.S. security commitments worldwide as well as on the use of U.S. military forces in unilateral or international peacekeeping roles; and arms transfers and security assistance programs and arms transfer policies. By delegation from the Secretary, the Under Secretary performs a range of functions under the Foreign Assistance Act, Arms Export Control Act, and related legislation. The Bureaus of Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Political-Military Affairs are under the policy oversight of the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security. By statute, the Assistant Secretary for Verification and Compliance reports to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security.


Current ACDA Head

The current Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs is Robert Joseph. The Under Secretary of State, from 1919 to 1972, was the second-ranking official at the United States Department of State, serving as the Secretarys principal deputy, chief assistant, and Acting Secretary in the event of the Secretarys absence. ... Robert Joseph Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security (May 2005 - Present) // Background Early Life Education Honors and Awards Family Career Views Speeches Memberships and Affiliations External Links Profile - Robert G. Joseph Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs Categories: American politician stubs ...

Robert G Joseph
Robert G Joseph

Former directors include: Image File history File links Robert_G_Joseph. ... Image File history File links Robert_G_Joseph. ...

Ken Adelman was the deputy U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations for two-and a half years, working with Jeanne Kirkpatrick. ... Eugene Victor Rostow (August 25, 1913 – November 25, 2002), influential legal scholar and public servant, was Dean of Yale Law School, and served as Under Secretary for Political Affairs under President Lyndon B. Johnson. ... Ambassador Ralph Earle II was director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency between 1980 and 1981, and was also deputy director at the agency from 1994 to 1999. ... Paul Warnke(January 31, 1920- October 31, 2001). ... Dr. Fred Charles Ikle is a Distinguished Scholar with the Center for Strategic and International Studies. ... Gerard Coad Smith (May 4, 1914 - July 4, 1994) was the chief U.S. delegate to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (START) in 1969 and the first U.S. Chairman of the Trilateral Commission. ...

Current Programs

  • Stopping Nuclear Testing
  • Banning Chemical Weapons
  • Reducing Strategic Nuclear Arms
  • Keeping Nuclear Weapons out of the hands of rogue states
  • Preventing the use of disease as a weapon of war[3]

References

  • ACDA Mission Statement [4] 
  • White House Statements about 1997 Reorganization[5] 
  • Fiscal Year 2000 Budget[6] 

External links

  • The Arms Control and Disarmament Agency Website[7]
  • Worldwide Effects of Nuclear War: Some Perspectives, available freely at Project Gutenberg

 
 

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