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Encyclopedia > Armoured personnel carrier

Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. They usually have only a machine gun although variants carry recoilless rifles, anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs), or mortars. They are not really designed to take part in a direct-fire battle, but to carry the troops to the battlefield safe from shrapnel and ambush. They may have wheels or tracks. Examples include the American M113 (tracked), the British FV 432 (tracked), the French VAB (wheeled), the Dutch/German GTK Boxer (wheeled) and the Soviet BTR (wheeled). More heavily armed and armoured are Infantry fighting vehicles, which are designed for direct combat. Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... Bushmaster IMV in Iraq ATF Dingo of the German Army Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) is the term for a wheeled armored personnel carrier (APC) serving as a military patrol, reconnaissance or security vehicle, such as the ATF Dingo, Mungo ESK, Bushmaster IMV or Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV). ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is a military vehicle, protected by armour and armed with weapons. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... For other uses, see Battle (disambiguation). ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... M67 recoilless rifle. ... For other uses, see Air-to-ground missile. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... It has been suggested that Fragmentation (weaponry) be merged into this article or section. ... An ambush is a long established military tactic in which an ambushing force uses concealment to attack an enemy that passes its position. ... For other uses, see Wheel (disambiguation). ... </nowiki> Rear sprocket of a Leclerc tank Track of a Leclerc tank U.S. M60 Patton tank. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... A privately owned FV 432 in a carnival procession. ... The Véhicule de lAvant Blindé or VAB (Armoured Vanguard Vehicle in French) is an armoured personnel carrier manufactured by the Euro Mobilité Division of GIAT Industries of France. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The Boxer is a German-Dutch Multirole Armored Vehicle (MRAV) designed to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules. ... The BTR-60 is the first vehicle in a series of Soviet eight-wheeled armoured personnel carriers. ... An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ...


History

The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War.
The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War.
Some forces practiced very dangerous tank desant tactics before the widespread adoption of APCs
Some forces practiced very dangerous tank desant tactics before the widespread adoption of APCs

During World War I, when the tank was developed, the British Mark V* tank was designed with a small passenger compartment to carry troops. By some definitions this can be considered the first armoured personnel carrier. The first specialised APC was the Mark IX of 1918. M113 in Vietnam, Public domain image from army. ... M113 in Vietnam, Public domain image from army. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Image File history File links Bt7_6. ... Image File history File links Bt7_6. ... Soviet tank desant drill, on a BT-7 Model 1935 Tank desant (Russian: ) is a military combined arms tactic, where infantry soldiers ride into and attack on tanks, then dismount to fight on foot in the final phase of the assault. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... A Mark I tank on 26 September 1916 (moving left to right). ... The Mark IX tank was a British armoured fighting vehicle from the First World War, the worlds first specialised Armoured Personnel Carrier. ...


During World War II, half-tracks such as the American M3 and the German SdKfz 251 played a role similar to the armoured personnel carriers that were developed later on. Another forerunner to the APC during this time was the British Universal Carrier also known as the Bren Carrier for the weapon it was designed to carry. Often, APCs were simply armoured cars with the capacity for carrying troops, but they evolved into purpose-built vehicles to suit the demands of motorised warfare from World War II M3 Half-track A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels on the front for steering, and caterpillar tracks on the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load. ... The Carrier, Personnel Half-track M3 was an armoured vehicle used by the United States and its allies during World War II and the Cold War. ... Sd. ... The Universal Carrier, usually known as a Bren Gun Carrier (even when it was not carrying a Bren), was a small, tracked British-designed military vehicle, used widely by Allied forces during World War II. Universal Carriers were usually used for transporting personnel and equipment, mostly support weapons, or as... Military armored cars A French VBL reconnaissance vehicle. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


In 1944, the commander of 2nd Canadian Corps, General Guy Simonds, ordered the conversion of 72 US-produced M7 Priest self-propelled howitzers to personnel carriers. They were, at the time, being replaced by the British Ordnance QF 25 pounder, and no future plans had been drawn up for them. The howitzer was removed, and the resulting hole was plugged with whatever steel was available. The vehicle was called Kangaroo, after the workshop which did the conversion, which was codenamed Kangaroo. Later in the war Canadian-built Ram tanks were used as a basis for the majority of conversions, as they were replaced by US Sherman tanks, and the original Kangaroos were converted back to self-propelled howitzers and returned to American forces. Lieutenant-General Guy Simonds inspecting II Canadian Corps in Meppen, Germany, May 31st, 1945. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Howitzer Motor Carriage M7 was an American self-propelled artillery vehicle produced during World War II. It was given the official nickname Priest in British service, due to the pulpit like machine gun ring and following on from the Bishop self propelled gun. ... 19th century 12 pounder (5 kg) mountain howitzer displayed by the National Park Service at Fort Laramie in Wyoming, USA A howitzer is a type of artillery piece that is characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small explosive charges to propel projectiles at trajectories with... The Ordnance QF 25 pounder (or just 25-pounder or 25-pdr) was the major British field gun/howitzer that was introduced into service just before World War II to replace the 18 pounder Gun and 4. ... Kangaroo personnel carrier A Kangaroo was a World War II British or Commonwealth armoured personnel carrier, created by conversion of a tank chassis. ... The Ram was a Cruiser tank designed and built by Canada in the Second World War, based on the U.S. M3 Medium tank. ...


After the war, different specialised APCs were developed. The United States developed a series of tracked vehicles, culminating in the M113 "box on tracks", of which 80,000 were made. The Soviet Union developed the wartime BTR-40 into a series of 8-wheeled APC. The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... The BTR-40 armored personnel carrier was developed in 1950 by a team headed by V. A. Dedkov and was produced from 1950 to 1958 at Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod. ...


At the end of the 1980s, Israel converted captured T-55 tanks to APCs, reminiscent of WWII conversions. The result is one of the best protected APCs in the world, called IDF Achzarit. The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... The Achzarit (אכזרית in Hebrew: cruel, female inflection) is a heavily armored armored personnel carrier manufactured by the Israeli Defence Forces Corps of Ordnance. ...


The infantry fighting vehicle is a development of the armoured personnel carrier concept. An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ...


Currently Israel has bought and is manufacturing over 150 new Wolf's. For the German vehicle, see Mercedes-Benz G-Class and AGF (Light infantry vehicle). ...


Technology

Polish Dzik-3s of the Iraqi Army
Polish Dzik-3s of the Iraqi Army
GTK Boxer German/Dutch APC (here: a German Army model)
GTK Boxer German/Dutch APC (here: a German Army model)
A French VAB, one of the most common wheeled APCs
A French VAB, one of the most common wheeled APCs

Most armoured personnel carriers use a diesel engine comparable to that used in a large truck or in a typical city bus (APCs are often known to troops as 'Battle Taxis' or 'Battle Buses'). The M113 for instance used the same engine as the standard General Motors urban bus. Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... For other meanings, see Dzik (disambiguation). ... The Boxer is a German-Dutch Multirole Armored Vehicle (MRAV) designed to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules. ... The German Army (German: [1], [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1344, 588 KB)A VAB (armoured personnel carrier) during the 2003 Bastille Day celebrations in Paris, France. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1344, 588 KB)A VAB (armoured personnel carrier) during the 2003 Bastille Day celebrations in Paris, France. ... The Véhicule de lAvant Blindé or VAB (Armoured Vanguard Vehicle in French) is an armoured personnel carrier manufactured by the Euro Mobilité Division of GIAT Industries of France. ... Diesel engines in a museum Diesel generator on an oil tanker A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine which operates using the Diesel cycle. ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... Autobus redirects here. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ...


Many APCs are amphibious. Usually tracked APCs are powered by their tracks in the water, and wheeled APCs have propellors or water jets. Preparations for amphibious operations usually comprises checking the integrity of the hull and folding down a trim vane in front. Swimming required fairly still waters, and good entry and exit points. Speed in water is typically 3-6 km/h. An amphibious vehicle is a vehicle or craft, that is a means of transport, viable on land as well as on water - just like an amphibian. ... Water Jet has several meanings including : simply a jet of water under pressure a marine propulsion mechanism for jetskis and some other types of boats (see: pump-jet) a tool for cutting and abrasion in the machining of engineering materials, see water jet cutter. ...


Armour on APCs are usually composed of simple steel or aluminium, sufficient for protection against small arms fire and most shell fragments. Just about any type of anti-tank weapon can defeat the armour of an APC. Aluminum redirects here. ...


The usual armament for an APC is a 12.7 (.50") or 14.5 mm heavy machine gun. This is mounted on top of the vehicle, either on a simple pintle mount, sometimes with a gun shield, or a small turret. Sometimes an automatic grenade launcher is used instead. A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... A grenade launcher is weapon that fires or launches a grenade to longer distances than a soldier could throw by hand. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Armoured personnel carrier
M3 Half-track A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels on the front for steering, and caterpillar tracks on the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load. ... An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ... This article lists modern armoured fighting vehicles produced in the listed countries after the Second World War. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
UKDS 2004 - Chapter 3 - Formations, vessels, aircraft and vehicles of the Armed Forces: CFE Vehicles and Aircraft (662 words)
The term "armoured personnel carrier" means an armoured combat vehicle which is designed and equipped to transport a combat infantry squad and which, as a rule, is armed with an integral or organic weapon of less then 20 millimetres calibre.
Armoured infantry fighting vehicles serve as the principal weapon system of armoured infantry or mechanised infantry or motorised infantry formations and units of ground forces.
The term "heavy armament combat vehicle" means an armoured combat vehicle with an integral or organic direct fire gun of at least 75 millimetres calibre, weighing at least 6.0 metric tonnes unladen weight, which does not fall within the definitions of an armoured personnel carrier, or an armoured infantry fighting vehicle or a battle tank.
Armoured personnel carrier - Wikipedia (77 words)
Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry.
They usually have only a machine gun although variants carry recoilless rifles, anti-tank guided missiles(ATGMs), or mortars.
They are not really designed to take part in a direct-fire battle, but to carry the troops to the battlefield safe from shrapnel and ambush.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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