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Encyclopedia > Armoured fighting vehicle

An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is a military vehicle, protected by armour and armed with weapons. Most AFVs are equipped for driving in rugged terrain. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Trikke is a Human Powered Vehicle (HPV) Automobiles are among the most commonly used engine powered vehicles. ... Military vehicles are commonly armoured to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets or shells, protecting the soldiers inside from enemy fire. ... For other uses, see Weapon (disambiguation). ...


Armoured fighting vehicles are classified according to their intended role on the battlefield and characteristics. This classification is not absolute; at different times different countries will classify the same vehicle in different roles. For example, armoured personnel carriers were generally replaced by infantry fighting vehicles in a very similar role, but the latter has some capabilities lacking in the former. Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. ... An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ...


Successful general-purpose armoured fighting vehicles often also serve as the base of a whole family of specialised vehicles, for example, the M113 and MT-LB tracked carriers, and the Mowag Piranha wheeled AFV. The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... The MT-LB (многоцелевой тягач легко бронированный, mnogotselevoy tyagach lekhko bronirovannyi / multi-purpose light-armoured towing vehicle) is a Soviet multi-purpose fully-amphibious armoured personnel carrier which was first introduced in the 1970s. ... Chilean Mowag Piranha 8X8. ...

Contents

Tank

A T-72 main battle tank clad in reactive armour bricks, in Georgian service.
A T-72 main battle tank clad in reactive armour bricks, in Georgian service.
Main article: Tank

The tank is an all terrain, armoured fighting vehicle, designed primarily to engage enemy forces by the use of direct fire in the frontal assault role. Though several configurations have been tried, particularly in the early experimental days of tank development, a standard, mature design configuration has since emerged to a generally accepted pattern. This features a main artillery gun, mounted in a fully rotating turret atop a tracked automotive hull, with various additional machine guns throughout. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2085 KB) Summary Georgian T-72. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2085 KB) Summary Georgian T-72. ... The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1971. ... Indirect fire is a characteristic unique to artillery in which the fire is adjusted out of sight of the guns. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... This article is about the video game. ... Corbelled corner turrets at Newark Castle, Port Glasgow. ...


Philosophically, the tank is, by its very nature, a purely offensive weapon. Being a protective encasement with at least one gun position, it is essentially a pill box or small fortress, (though these are static fortifications of a purely defensive nature) that can move toward the enemy - hence its offensive utility. A bunker is a defensive warfare fortification to protect personnel or equipment. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...


Historically, tanks are divided into 3 categories: Light Tanks (small, thinly armored, weakly gunned, but highly mobile tanks intended for the armored reconnaissance role) Medium Tanks (mid-sized, adequately armored, respectably gunned, fairly mobile tanks intended to provide an optimum balance of characteristics for manoeuver combat, primarily against other tanks) Heavy Tanks (large, thickly armored, powerfully gunned, but barely mobile tanks intended for the breakthrough role against fortified lines, particularly in support of infantry formations) Other designations (such as Cavalry Tank, Cruiser Tank, Infantry Tank) have been used by various countries to denote similar roles. The cruiser tank (also called cavalry tank or fast tank) was a British tank design concept of the inter-war period. ... The infantry tank was a concept developed by the British in the years leading up to World War II. They were generally more heavily armoured compared to the lighter cruiser tanks, which would allow them to operate in close concert with infantry to help them break through heavily defended areas...


A modern main battle tank incorporates advances in automotive, artillery, and armor technology to combine the best characteristics of all three historic types into a single, all around type. It is distinguished by its high level of firepower, mobility and armour protection relative to other vehicles of its era. It can cross comparatively rough terrain at high speeds, but is fuel, maintenance, and ammunition-hungry which makes it logistically demanding. It has the heaviest armour of any vehicle on the battlefield, and carries a powerful weapon that may be able to engage a wide variety of ground targets. It is among the most versatile and fearsome weapons on the battlefield, valued for its shock action against other troops and high survivability. Tanks can be classified in a variety of ways: usually either by intended role, or by weight. ... Military logistics is the art and science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces. ... Military vehicles are commonly armoured to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets or shells, protecting the soldiers inside from enemy fire. ... For other uses, see Fear (disambiguation). ... In engineering, survivability is the quantified ability of a system, subsystem, equipment, process, or procedure to continue to function during and after a natural or man-made disturbance; nuclear electromagnetic pulse from the detonation of a nuclear weapon. ...

See also: Tank classification

Tanks can be classified in a variety of ways: usually either by intended role, or by weight. ...

Armoured personnel carrier

Modern APC GTK Boxer of the German Army
Modern APC GTK Boxer of the German Army
The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War.
The M113, one of the most common tracked APCs, on duty during the Vietnam War.

Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. They usually have only a machine gun although variants carry recoilless rifles, anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs), or mortars. They are not really designed to take part in a direct-fire battle, but to carry the troops to the battlefield safe from shrapnel and ambush. They may have wheels, tracks, or both as in the half-track. Examples include the American M113 (tracked), the British FV 432 (tracked), the Dutch/German Boxer MRAV (wheeled), the French VAB (wheeled), the Soviet BTR (wheeled), and the American M3 (half-tracked). The Boxer is a German-Dutch Multirole Armored Vehicle (MRAV) designed to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules. ... The German Army (German: [1], [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... M113 in Vietnam, Public domain image from army. ... M113 in Vietnam, Public domain image from army. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are armoured fighting vehicles developed to transport infantry on the battlefield. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... M67 recoilless rifle. ... For other uses, see Air-to-ground missile. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... It has been suggested that Fragmentation (weaponry) be merged into this article or section. ... An ambush is a long established military tactic in which an ambushing force uses concealment to attack an enemy that passes its position. ... For other uses, see Wheel (disambiguation). ... </nowiki> Rear sprocket of a Leclerc tank Track of a Leclerc tank U.S. M60 Patton tank. ... M3 Half-track A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels on the front for steering, and caterpillar tracks on the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load. ... The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family of vehicles in use with the US military and many other nations. ... A privately owned FV 432 in a carnival procession. ... The Boxer is a German-Dutch Multirole Armored Vehicle (MRAV) designed to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules. ... The Véhicule de lAvant Blindé or VAB (Armoured Vanguard Vehicle in French) is an armoured personnel carrier manufactured by the Euro Mobilité Division of GIAT Industries of France. ... The BTR-60 is the first vehicle in a series of Soviet eight-wheeled armoured personnel carriers. ... M3 may refer to: Messier 3, a globular cluster of stars M3 motorway, a motorway in England M3 motorway (Northern Ireland), a spur of the M2 M3 motorway in the Republic of Ireland, a proposed upgrade to part of the N3 road M3 motorway (Hungary) M-3 (Michigan highway) M3...


The first attempt to carry troops in an armoured tracked vehicle was made by the British in the First World War, a lengthened Mark V* tank that could house a squad of infantry while still armed as a tank. Post-war, the idea was largely dropped in favour of trucks, small infantry carriers, and lightly-armoured half-tracks, which were widely used during the Second World War. During WWII there were some experiments into heavily armoured carriers, such as the Kangaroos, converted by stripping turrets from tanks. After the war, there was a shift away from half-tracks to tracked or wheeled armoured personnel carriers (APCs), usually armed with a machine gun for self-defence. A new one, currently being built for the Israeli Defence Forces is the Wolf. A Mark I tank on 26 September 1916 (moving left to right). ... M3 Half-track A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels on the front for steering, and caterpillar tracks on the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load. ... Kangaroo personnel carrier A Kangaroo was a World War II British or Commonwealth armoured personnel carrier, created by conversion of a tank chassis. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces (army, air force and navy). ... For the German vehicle, see Mercedes-Benz G-Class and AGF (Light infantry vehicle). ...


Infantry mobility vehicle

Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) is a modern term for a wheeled armoured personnel carrier (APC) which serves as a military patrol, reconnaissance or security vehicle. The distinction between it and an armoured car being the ability to carry a unit of infantry. Modern examples include the Bushmaster IMV, Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV) and vehicles being fielded as part of the MRAP program. Bushmaster IMV in Iraq ATF Dingo of the German Army Infantry Mobility Vehicle (IMV) is the term for a wheeled armored personnel carrier (APC) serving as a military patrol, reconnaissance or security vehicle, such as the ATF Dingo, Mungo ESK, Bushmaster IMV or Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV). ... The Bushmaster Infantry Mobility Vehicle is an Australian built wheeled armoured vehicle designed by Perry Engineering in Adelaide with some technical support from Irish company Timoney Technology Ltd. ... FPI Cougar HE in testing Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles are a family of armored fighting vehicles designed to survive IED attacks and ambushes. ...


Infantry fighting vehicle

An infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) is an armoured personnel carrier which allows the infantry to fight from inside, and can provide significant fire support. The first IFV was the Soviet BMP-1, which surprised the western intelligence analysts when it appeared in a military parade in 1967. An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ... The BMP-1 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1960s. ...

Swedish Combat Vehicle 90, a modern IFV.
Swedish Combat Vehicle 90, a modern IFV.

Modern IFVs are well-armed infantry carriers that allow the infantry inside to fight from within the vehicle. They are different from earlier APCs by their heavier armament allowing them to give direct-fire support during an assault, firing ports allowing the infantry to fire personal weapons while mounted, and improved armour. They are typically armed with a twenty millimetre or larger autocannon, and possibly with ATGMs. IFVs are usually tracked, but some wheeled vehicles fall into this category, too. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Combat Vehicle 90 (CV90) or Stridsfordon 90 (Strf 90) is a Swedish infantry fighting vehicle designed by Hägglunds/Bofors and currently produced by BAE Systems Hägglunds. ... A Warrior vehicle with UN markings, on the making of the eponymous film. ... A firearm is a kinetic energy weapon that fires either a single or multiple projectiles propelled at high velocity by the gases produced by action of the rapid confined burning of a propellant. ... Military vehicles are commonly armoured to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets or shells, protecting the soldiers inside from enemy fire. ... M242 Bushmaster autocannon on an M2 Bradley. ... An Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) is a missile the primary purpose of which is to hit and destroy tanks. ... </nowiki> Rear sprocket of a Leclerc tank Track of a Leclerc tank U.S. M60 Patton tank. ...


Specially-equipped IFVs have taken on some of the roles of light tanks; they are used by reconnaissance organizations, and light IFVs are used by airborne units which must be able to fight without the heavy firepower of tanks.


By comparison the Israeli Merkava is a main battle tank with the ability to carry a section of infantry. // The Merkava (Hebrew:  , Chariot) is the main battle tank of the Israel Defense Forces. ...


Self-propelled artillery

Soviet SU-152 assault gun, mounting a 152 mm gun.
Soviet SU-152 assault gun, mounting a 152 mm gun.

Self-propelled artillery are artillery pieces which have been given their own integral transport by mounting them on tracked or wheeled chassis. They are usually armoured as well. The mobility provided allows artillery to keep up with the pace of armoured warfare, and gives them nominal protection from counter-battery or small arms fire. Like towed artillery, a battery of self-propelled guns must still set up in a relatively safe area to perform fire missions, but is able to relocate more quickly. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The SU-152 was a Soviet heavy self-propelled gun used during World War II. It was a self-propelled 152-mm gun-howitzer, on the chassis of a KV-1S heavy tank. ... A U.S. M109A6 Paladin self-propelled howitzer Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artillery or locomotive artillery) vehicles are a way of giving mobility to artillery. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... </nowiki> Rear sprocket of a Leclerc tank Track of a Leclerc tank U.S. M60 Patton tank. ... It has been suggested that Mechanized warfare be merged into this article or section. ... The term counter-battery fire refers to the concept of detecting the source of artillery (shells or rockets) landing on friendly forces and firing back at them with artillery, suppressing or destroying them in order to protect the friendly forces and reduce enemy artillery strength. ... Small arms captured in Fallujah, Iraq by the US Marine Corps in 2004 The term small arms generally describes any number of smaller infantry weapons, such as firearms that an individual soldier can carry. ... A U.S. M109A6 Paladin self-propelled howitzer Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artillery or locomotive artillery) vehicles are a way of giving mobility to artillery. ... A bombardment is an attack by artillery fire directed against fortifications, troops or towns and buildings. ...


Assault guns are self-propelled artillery pieces intended to support infantry in the direct-fire role. They usually have a large-calibre gun capable of firing a heavy high-explosive shell, effective against dug-in troops and fortifications. German StuG III with high-velocity 75 mm gun, 1943 An assault gun is a gun or howitzer mounted on a motor vehicle or armored chassis, designed for use in the direct fire role in support of infantry when attacking other infantry or fortified positions. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... Shells of WWI. From left to right: 90 mm fragmentation shell - 120 mm pig iron incendiary shell 77/14 model - 75 mm high explosive shell model 16 - 75 mm fragmentation shell A shell is a payload-carrying projectile, which, as opposed to a bullet, contains an explosive or other filling...


Tank destroyer

Norwegian NM142, a modern tank destroyer armed with antitank missiles.
Norwegian NM142, a modern tank destroyer armed with antitank missiles.
Main article: Tank destroyer

Self-propelled anti-tank guns, or tank destroyers, are used primarily to provide antitank support for infantry or tank units, in defensive or withdrawal operations. They may mount a high-velocity anti-tank gun or sometimes an antitank guided missile launcher, or ATGM. Download high resolution version (882x380, 97 KB)Picture of 3 NM142s, taken in Blåtind Skytefelt in Northern Norway during Joint Winter 2000 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (882x380, 97 KB)Picture of 3 NM142s, taken in Blåtind Skytefelt in Northern Norway during Joint Winter 2000 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 3 NM-142s in Northern Norway The NM-142 is an anti-tank variant of the American M-113 APC, the difference being that it is equipped with a TOW2 turret, developed in Norway by Kvaerner Eureka. ... A self-propelled anti-tank gun, or tank destroyer, is a type of armoured fighting vehicle. ... Anti-tank, or simply AT, refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... In military science, defense (or defence) is the art of preventing an enemy from conquering territory; usually via fortifications. ... Definition Withdrawing is the act of removing all or part of a military force from combat and moving to a safe location. ... An Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) or weapon (ATGW) is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles. ...


Tank destroyers cannot fulfill the many roles of tanks; they are much less flexible, and usually lacking in anti-infantry capability, but they are much less expensive to manufacture, maintain, and resupply than tanks.


Gun-armed tank destroyers have been largely supplanted by the more general-purpose tanks and ATGM launchers since Second World War, with lightly-armoured ATGM carriers used for supplementary long-range antitank capabilities, and to replace tanks in light or airborne forces. Airborne Military parachuting form of insertion. ...


Tankette

German Wiesel, a related modern tankette concept, seen here in the Ozelot anti-air version.
German Wiesel, a related modern tankette concept, seen here in the Ozelot anti-air version.
Main article: Tankette

A tankette is a small armoured fighting vehicle with a crew of one or two, similar to a tank, intended for infantry support or reconnaissance. Most had no turret and were armed with one or two machine guns, or rarely with a heavier gun or grenade launcher. Tankettes were produced between about 1930 and 1941, but the concept was abandoned because of its limited utility and vulnerability to anti-tank weapons. Their role was largely taken over by armoured cars. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 576 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 576 pixel, file size: 64 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ticket#: 2006031210006099 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Armoured fighting vehicle Wiesel... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 576 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 576 pixel, file size: 64 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ticket#: 2006031210006099 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Armoured fighting vehicle Wiesel... The Wiesel AWC is a German light air-transportable armoured fighting vehicle, more specifically a lightly-armoured weapons carrier. ... Polish TK-3. ... Turret (highlighted) attached to a tower on a baronial building in Scotland In architecture, a turret is a small tower that projects from the wall of a building, such as a medieval castle or baronial house. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...

Polish TK-3
Polish TK-3

A classic design was the British Carden Loyd tankette—many others were modelled after it. Japan was among the most prolific users of tankettes, producing a number of designs, which they found useful for jungle warfare. With http://pl. ... With http://pl. ... Alternate use: abbreviation of taijin kyofusho symptoms General characteristics Length: 2. ... General characteristics Length 2. ... Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain. ...


Other tankettes are the British Universal carrier and the Polish TKS. The Universal Carrier, usually known as a Bren Gun Carrier (even when it was not carrying a Bren), was a small, tracked British-designed military vehicle, used widely by Allied forces during World War II. Universal Carriers were usually used for transporting personnel and equipment, mostly support weapons, or as... The TK (TK-3) and TKS were the Polish tankettes of the Second World War. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Armored fighting vehicles
It has been suggested that SPAAG be merged into this article or section. ... Polish armoured train Danuta from 1939. ... NKL-26 armoured aerosan An aerosan (Russian: , literally aerosled) is a type of propeller-powered snowmobile, running on skis, used for communications, mail deliveries, and border patrolling in northern Russia, as well as for recreation. ... The EBG combat engineering vehicle, based on the AMX 30 tank, is used by the engineers of the French Army for a variety of missions. ... Conqueror Armoured Recovery Vehicle 2 An armoured recovery vehicle (ARV) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to repair battle-damaged or broken-down armoured vehicles during combat, or to tow them off the battlefield for more extensive repairs. ... An armoured vehicle-launched bridge (or AVLB) is a combat support vehicle, sometimes regarded as a subtype of combat engineering vehicle, designed to assist militaries in rapidly deploying tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles across rivers. ... A technical in Liberia. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Katyusha multiple rocket launchers are a type of rocket artillery built and fielded by the Soviet Union beginning in the Second World War. ... It has been suggested that Mechanized warfare be merged into this article or section. ... There are only two authorized methods of making bumper numbers: using adhesive vinyl (stickers) and paint. ... This is a List of armoured fighting vehicles worldwide. ... Tanks can be classified in a variety of ways: usually either by intended role, or by weight. ... Military vehicles are commonly armoured to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets or shells, protecting the soldiers inside from enemy fire. ... This is a list of main battle tanks in active military service with countries of the world. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Armoured fighting vehicle (1105 words)
A tank is a tracked, armoured fighting vehicle, designed primarily to engage enemy forces by the use of direct fire.
Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry.
A tankette is a small armoured fighting vehicle with a crew of one or two, similar to a tank, intended for infantry support or reconnaissance.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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