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Encyclopedia > Armored car
A Rolls Royce armoured car 1920 pattern
A Rolls Royce armoured car 1920 pattern
Railway shop workers built this vehicle for use by the Danish resistance movement near the end of World War II.
Railway shop workers built this vehicle for use by the Danish resistance movement near the end of World War II.

An armored (or armoured) car (see spelling differences#-our / -or) is one of several types of wheeled armored vehicles: a military wheeled armored vehicle, a civilian bullet-proof passenger car, or a special-purpose armored cargo vehicle for transporting valuable contents. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Rolls-Royce_Armoured_Car_1920. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Rolls-Royce_Armoured_Car_1920. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1693x1146, 390 KB) Danish resistance armoured car, info in Danish, English, and German at Image:DanishResistanceACInfo2796. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1693x1146, 390 KB) Danish resistance armoured car, info in Danish, English, and German at Image:DanishResistanceACInfo2796. ... The Danish Resistance Movement was an underground insurgency movement to resist the German occupation of Denmark during World War II. Due to the unusually lenient terms given to Denmark by the Nazi occupation authority, the movement was slower to develop effective tactics on a wide scale than in some other... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is a military vehicle, equipped with protection against hostile attacks and often mounted weapons. ... The differences in the spellings of British English and American English are as follows: Spelling differences between U.S. usage on one side and British and Commonwealth usage on the other are generally more conspicuous than spelling differences within the Commonwealth. ...

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History

Military armored cars

A modern French VBL reconnaissance vehicle.
A modern French VBL reconnaissance vehicle.
See also: List of military armored cars

A military armored car is a type of armored fighting vehicle having wheels (from four to ten large off-road wheels) instead of tracks, and usually light armor. Armored cars are typically less expensive and have superior speed and range compared to tracked military vehicles. Most are not intended for heavy fighting; their normal use is for reconnaissance, command, control, and communications, or for use against lightly armed insurgents or rioters. Only some are intended to enter close combat, often accompanying convoys to protect soft-skinned vehicles. They usually mount a machine gun, autocannon, or small tank gun. Other uses include as a way to move (or tow) various long-range rocket, missile, or mortar batteries through dangerous areas while giving some protection to the crew. Download high resolution version (1888x1280, 265 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1888x1280, 265 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Panhard Véhicule Blindé Léger (Light armoured vehicle) is a wheeled 4x4 all-terrain vehicle offered in various configurations. ... List of military armoured cars. ... An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is a military vehicle, equipped with protection against hostile attacks and often mounted weapons. ... For other uses, see Wheel (disambiguation). ... </nowiki> Rear sprocket of a Leclerc tank Track of a Leclerc tank U.S. M60 Patton tank. ... A destroyed M113 armoured personnel carrier show a section of the armour. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... M242 Bushmaster autocannon on an M2 Bradley. ...


Armored cars are popular for peacekeeping or internal security duties. Their appearance is less confrontational and threatening than tanks, and their size and manoeuvrability is more compatible with tight urban spaces designed for wheeled vehicles. They can also be much more easily air-deployed in cargo planes. FedEx DC-10 Cargo airlines (or airfreight carriers, and derivatives of these names) are airlines dedicated to the transport of cargo. ...


Modified

At the beginning of the twentieth century a number of military armored vehicles were manufactured by adding armor and weapons to existing vehicles. Most of the early designs were a large car chassis to which a body made of steel plates had been added.


Alternatively, civilian vehicles may be modified into improvised armored cars in ad-hoc fashion. Many militias and irregular forces adapt civilian vehicles into AFVs (Armoured Fighting Vehicles) and troop carriers, and in some regional conflicts these "technicals" are the only combat vehicles present. On occasion, even the soldiers of national militaries are forced to adapt their civilian-type vehicles for combat use, often using improvised armor and scrounged weapons. A technical in Liberia. ... A Gun Truck of the type used in Iraq, based on an M939 five-ton truck A gun truck is an improvised military armoured vehicle, based on a conventional cargo truck that is able to carry a large weight of weapons and armour. ... Hillbilly armor is improvised armour for humvees made by attaching scrap metal. ...


Armet Armoured Vehicles Incorporated manufactures the custom built Armet Armoured Vehicles Gurkha. Armet Armoured Vehicles Incorporated is a manufacturing company. ... Armet Armoured Vehicles Gurkha is an armoured military vehicle built by Florida based Armet Armoured Vehicles Incorporated. ...


Purpose-built

Many modern forces now have their dedicated armored car designs, to exploit the advantages noted above. Examples would be the M1117 Armored Security Vehicle of the USA or Alvis Saladin of the post-World War II era in the United Kingdom. The M1117 Guardian Armored Security Vehicle, or ASV, is a rugged, easily deployable all-wheeled vehicle manufactured by Cadillac Gage of Textron for initial use by the U.S. Military Police. ... The Saladin (FV601) was a six-wheeled armoured car built by Alvis and used by the British Army. ...


Civilian armored cars

VIP transport

Armored Mercedes-Benz W220 of the type used by the President of Germany.
Armored Mercedes-Benz W220 of the type used by the President of Germany.

Civilian armored cars are either (in only a few cases) factory produced, such as the BMW 7 Series High Security, the Mercedes-Benz S-Class Guard and the armored Audi A6 and A8 cars, or (in the majority of cases) retrofitted versions of series cars. A security vehicle is made by replacing the windows with bulletproof glass and inserting layers of armor under the outer skin of the car, a labour-intensive process that takes a few weeks and costs about $100,000 in the U.S. The makers usually leave the external appearance of the car unchanged, in order to not look conspicuous. In most cases materials like Aramid (e.g. Twaron), HMPE (e.g. Dyneema), composites or ballistic steel plates are used, and the increased mass is offset by an enhanced engine and brakes. Composite armor combinations may reduce weight, but tend to increase the cost even further. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (886x470, 396 KB) Beschreibung Beschreibung: Mercedes S-Klasse Quelle: Image:Mercedes_s_klasse_1_sst. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (886x470, 396 KB) Beschreibung Beschreibung: Mercedes S-Klasse Quelle: Image:Mercedes_s_klasse_1_sst. ... For a complete overview of all S-Class models see Mercedes-Benz S-Class. ... The President of Germany is Germanys head of state. ... The Mercedes-Benz S-Class is a series of large luxury flagship sedans produced by Mercedes-Benz, now a division of Daimler AG. The S-Class, a product of nine lines of Mercedes-Benz models dating since the mid-1950s, is the worlds best-selling luxury flagship sedan. ... Strictly, Bulletproof glass would be glass that is capable of stopping all manner of bullets fired at it. ... Aramid fiber (1961) is a fire-resistant and strong synthetic fiber. ... Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), also known as high modulus polyethylene (HMPE) or high performance polyethylene (HPPE), is a thermoplastic. ... A cloth of woven carbon fiber filaments, a common element in composite materials Composite materials (or composites for short) are engineered materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties and which remain separate and distinct on a macroscopic level within the finished structure. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... Composite armour is a type of armour consisting of layers of different material such as metals, plastics, ceramics or air. ...


Besides the armor itself, many other protective modifications are available: automatic fire extinguishers, run-flat tires, an explosion-resistant fuel tank, remote starting of the car, pressure and temperature control of the tires, a siren or alarm, and an intercom between the exterior and interior of the car. Sometimes the inside can be sealed or overpressured, using its own air supply, to protect against gas attacks. Civilian armored cars may have obvious armor protection, or they may be totally indistinguishable from an unarmored model. There are also armored variants of smaller cars, such as the VW Golf, to further conceal their function and capabilities. Fire extinguisher A fire extinguisher is a device used to put out a fire, often in an emergency situation. ... // A run flat tire is a pneumatic vehicle tire that is designed to resist the effects of deflation and to enable the vehicle to continue to be driven — albeit at reduced speeds (i. ... VW Golf Mk. ...


Armored cars are in common use by people who feel at risk and can afford them, for example politicians, entrepreneurs, ambassadors, or in higher-risk areas including Iraq, Moscow, Washington D.C. or Mexico City. Diplomatic missions and private military contractors typically use armored cars as standard vehicles. As a side benefit, armored cars are typically very safe for their occupants in a car accident. For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... A private military company (PMC) provides specialised expertise or services of a military nature, sometimes called or classified as mercenary (soldiers for hire).[1] Such companies are equally known as Private Security Contractors (PSCs), Private Military Corporations, Private Military Firms, Military Service Providers, and generally as the Private Military Industry. ... In an accident resulting from excessive speed, this concrete truck rolled over into the front garden of a house. ...


Valuables transport

The other type of civilian armored car is an armored van or truck, used in transporting valuables, such as large quantities of money (especially for banks or retail companies). They are equipped to resist attempts at robbery or hijacking. They may be manned with armed guards but do not usually mount weapons (such equipment would be illegal for private forces in most developed countries). Such armored cars are usually operated by security firms. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Security (disambiguation). ...


Gallery

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Armored car - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (563 words)
An armored car (or armoured car in British English) is one of several types of wheeled armored vehicles: a civilian bullet-proof passenger car, a military wheeled armored vehicle, or a special-purpose armored cargo vehicle for transporting valuables.
A military armored car is a type of armored fighting vehicle having wheels (from four to eight large off-road wheels) instead of tracks, and usually light armor.
A spectacularly impractical early armored ‘car’ was the Russian Tsar Tank of 1915, a sort of tricycle with nine-meter wheels.
Armored Car Carriers and Armored Car Guards (5307 words)
All armored car carriers shall be subject to the enforcement provisions contained in article 7 of this chapter, provided that such provisions shall be read in such a manner as to apply to armored car carriers or armored car guards, as the context requires.
Failure by an armored car carrier to keep such all risk insurance or comprehensive general liability insurance coverage in full force and effect, shall be a ground for the secretary to refuse to issue or renew a license, or to suspend or revoke such license, in accordance with the provisions of §89-ggg of this article.
Such course shall be administered by armored car carriers, or their designees, and shall include requalification with the firearms he or shewill have access to while on duty, under the supervision of a qualified firearms instructor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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