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Encyclopedia > Armodafinil

Armodafinil chemical structure

CAS number
ATC code
Chemical formula C15H15NO2S
Molecular weight 273.351
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism Hepatic, including CYP3A4 and other pathways
Elimination half-life 12-15 hrs
Excretion Urine (as metabolites)
Pregnancy category C
Legal status Schedule IV (USA)
Routes of administration Oral

Armodafinil (Nuvigil®) is a drug produced by the pharmaceutical company Cephalon, currently in the process of receiving FDA approval. Armodafinil is the r-enantiomer of modafinil, so is expected to act in a similar manner, with similar effects. CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences and alloys. ... The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System is used for the classification of drugs. ... A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... The molecular mass of a substance (less accurately called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW) is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12). ... In pharmacology, bioavailability is used to describe the fraction of an administered dose of medication that reaches the systemic circulation, one of the principal pharmacokinetic properties of drugs. ... Cytochrome P450 3A4 (abbreviated CYP3A4) (EC 1. ... The elimination half-life of a drug (or any xenobiotic agent) refers to the timecourse necessary for the quantity of the xenobiotic agent in the body (or plasma concentration) to be reduced to half of its original level through various elimination processes. ... Excretion is the biological process by which an organism chemically separates waste products from its body. ... The pregnancy category of a pharmaceutical agent is an assessment of the risk of fetal injury due to the pharmaceutical, if it is used as directed by the mother. ... The regulation of therapeutic goods, that is drugs and therapeutic devices, varies by jurisdiction. ... The Controlled Substances Act (CSA), Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, is the legal foundation of the United States governments fight against the abuse of drugs and other substances. ... A pharmaceutical company (or drug company) is a company licensed to discover, develop, market and distribute drugs. ... The cephalon is the foremost portion of the segmented body of a trilobite. ... The United States Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, biologics and blood products in the United States. ... In chemistry two stereoisomers are said to be enantiomers if they are mirror images of each other. ... Modafinil (Provigil®; Vigicer®; Alertec®) is a drug produced by the pharmaceutical company Cephalon. ...

See also

Adrafinil chemical structure Adrafinil is a mild central nervous system stimulant drug used to relieve excessive sleepiness and inattention in elderly patients. ... Ampakines are a new class of modified benzamide compounds known to affect attention span and alertness through positive reinforcement of synaptic connections. ... Modafinil (Provigil®; Vigicer®; Alertec®) is a drug produced by the pharmaceutical company Cephalon. ...

External links

  • Cephalon Files New Drug Application for Nuvigil
  • Cephalon corporate website

Stimulants edit

Caffeine Nicotine Modafinil Adrafinil Armodafinil A stimulant is a drug that increases the activity of the sympathetic nervous system and produces a sense of euphoria or awakeness. ... For the film, see Caffeine (film) Caffeine molecular structure Anhydrous (dry) USP grade Caffeine Caffeine, also known as trimethylxanthine, coffeine, theine, mateine, guaranine, methyltheobromine and 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, is a xanthine alkaloid found naturally in such foods as coffee beans, tea, kola nuts, Yerba mate, guarana berries, and (in... Nicotine is an organic compound, an alkaloid found naturally in the nightshade family of plants, such as tobacco and tomatoes. ... Modafinil (Provigil®; Vigicer®; Alertec®) is a drug produced by the pharmaceutical company Cephalon. ... Adrafinil chemical structure Adrafinil is a mild central nervous system stimulant drug used to relieve excessive sleepiness and inattention in elderly patients. ...

Sympathomimetic amines edit

Benzylpiperazine Cathinone Chlorphentermine Cocaine Diethylpropion Ephedrine Fenfluramine Mazindol Methcathinone Methylone Methylphenidate Pemoline Phendimetrazine Phenmetrazine Phentermine Phenylephrine Propylhexedrine Pseudoephedrine Sibutramine Synephrine Sympathomimetic drugs are substances that mimic the effects of the hormone adrenaline. ... Benzylpiperazine (BZP) is a recreational drug with euphoric, stimulant effects. ... General Information Cathinone (β-ketoamphetamine) is a monoamine alkaloid found in the shrub Catha edulis (Khat). ... This article is about the drug Cocaine. ... Ephedrine (EPH) is a sympathomimetic amine commonly used as a decongestant. ... Fenfluramine is a drug that was part of the Fen-Phen anti-obesity (the other drug being phentermine). ... Methcathinone is an addictive recreational drug that is cheap and simple to synthesize. ... Methylone is a designer drug that is an analog of MDMA (Ecstasy). ... Methylphenidate (MPH) is an amphetamine-like prescription stimulant commonly used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. ... Pemoline is a medication for ADHD. It is marketed under the brand name Cylert. ... Phendimetrazine (Bontril®) is a weight loss medication. ... Phenmetrazine is an amphetamine-like drug. ... Phentermine (marketed as Adipex) is one of two drugs in the Fen-phen anti-obesity medication, the other being fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine. ... Phenylephrine hydrochloride is an α-agonist used medically to increase blood pressure, as a nasal decongestant and also to dilate the pupil. ... Basics: Propylhexedrine is an over-the-counter nasal decongestant found in Benzedrex nasal inhalers. ... Pseudoephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine commonly used as a decongestant. ... Sibutramine (Meridia® in the USA, Reductil® in Europe), usually as sibutramide hydrochloride monohydrate, is an orally administered agent for the treatment of obesity. ... Synephrine is a dietary supplement aimed at encouraging fat loss. ...

Amphetamines edit

4-FMP Amphetamine Benzphetamine Dextroamphetamine dl-Amphetamine MDMA Methamphetamine Paramethoxyamphetamine Amphetamine is a synthetic drug originally developed (and still used) as an appetite suppressant. ... 4-FMP molecular structure 4-FMP, also known by its full chemical name 4-fluoroamphetamine, or 4-Fluoro-alpha-Methyl-Phenethylamine, is a central nervous system stimulant. ... It has been suggested that Dextroamphetamine be merged into this article or section. ... USA by Pharmacia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Benzedrine is the trade name of the racemic variant of amphetamine (dl-amphetamine). ... ecstasy and religious ecstasy MDMA, most commonly known today by the street name ecstasy, is a synthetic entactogen of the phenethylamine family whose primary effect is to stimulate the brain to rapidly secrete large amounts of serotonin, causing a general sense of openness, empathy, energy, euphoria, and well-being. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... PMA (p-methoxyamphetamine) is a dangerous synthetic drug, psycho stimulant and hallucinogen. ...



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