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Encyclopedia > Armia Ludowa
This article is part
of the series:
Polish Secret State
Kotwica
History of Poland

Armia Ludowa (AL, pronounced ['armȋa lu'dɔva]; English Polish People's Army) was a Polish World War II resistance organisation. Its aim was to wage a military struggle alongside the USSR against the German occupiers, in order to bring about a Poland which would be an ally of the USSR. Polish Secret State (also known as Polish Underground State; Polish Polskie Państwo Podziemne) is a term coined by Jan Karski in his book Story of a Secret State; it is used to refer to all underground resistance organizations in Poland during World War II, both military and civilian. ... Unofficial flag of the Armia Krajowa and the Polish Secret State. ... Main article: Polish government in exile On 1 September 1939, without a formal declaration of war, Germany invaded Poland. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ...

Contents


Details

Resistance movement

On January 1 of 1944, the "Krajowa Rada Narodowa" (KRN) – "National Council of the Country" replaced the "Gwardia Ludowa" (GL) – "People's Guard" with AL. The KRN intended AL to be an umbrella organisation under which all left-wing Polish anti-Nazi resistance organizations could be united and then integrated. Most of the 60,000 volunteers of AL came from left-wing resistance organizations of which the disbanded GL contributed 10,000, but a few volunteers joined AL directly without any previous left-wing affiliations. About 12,000 were full-time partisans living in the field the rest were part-timers living and operating from their homes. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... State National Council (Polish Krajowa Rada Narodowa, KRN) was a political body formed in the late stages of the Second World War in the Soviet Union, as a begining of new Polish government. ...


Army

Seven months after it came into existence, on July 21, 1944, AL was integrated with the Polish Military in the USSR and renamed the "Ludowe Wojsko Polskie" (LWP) – "Polish People's Military". After the Red Army and communist-backed 1st Polish Army captured Poland in 1944 and early 1945, most of the AL members joined the latter. July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Gen. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


See also

For other meanings of Home Army see: Home Army (disambiguation) The Armia Krajowa or AK (Home Army) functioned as the pre-eminent underground military organization in German-occupied Poland, which functioned in all areas of the country from September 1939 until its disbanding in January 1945. ... The Government of the Polish Republic in exile maintained a continuous existence in exile from the time of the German occupation of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the Communist rule in Poland in 1990. ...

External link

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Armia Ludowa (272 words)
Armia Ludowa ('''AL''', pronounced IPA['armȋa lu'dɔva]; English ''People's Army'') was a World War II left-wing resistance organisation in Poland.
The KRN intended AL to be an umbrella organisation under which all left-wing Polish anti-Nazi resistance organizations could be united and then integrated.
After the Red Army and communist-backed 1st Polish Army captured Poland in 1944 and early 1945, most of the AL members joined the latter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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