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Encyclopedia > Armenians in Iran

Armenian-Iranians (Armenian: "Իրանահայ" translit. Iranahay or "Պարսկահայ" translit. Parskahay) are ethnic Armenians who live in Iran. Their current population is somewhere around 400,000 [1] They mostly live in Tehran and Isfahan Jolfa. The Armenian-Iranians were very influential and active in the modernization of Iran during the 19th and 20th centuries. After the Iranian Revolution, many Armenians immigrated to Armenian diasporic communities in North America and western Europe. Today the Armenians are Iran's largest Christian religious minority. For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Jolfa district is a district in the southwest of Isfahan city, built in the Safavid period to house Armenians migrating to the city. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Map of the Armenian diaspora. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... A common understanding of Western Europe in modern times. ... St. ...

Contents

History

Ever since Antiquity there has been much interaction between Ancient Armenia and Persia (Iran). Image File history File links Yeprem_khan. ... Image File history File links Yeprem_khan. ... Yeprem Khan was a revolutionary leader of Iran. ... A Revolution in Iran against the despotic rule of the last Qajar Shah. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ...


On the Behistun inscription of 515 BC, Darius I of Persia indirectly confirmed that Urartu and Armenia are synonymous when describing his conquests. Armenia became a satrap of the Persian Empire for a long period of time. Regardless, relations between Armenians and Persians was cordial. The Behistun Inscription, carved into a cliffside, gives the same text in three languages, telling the story of King Darius conquests, with the names of twenty-three provinces subject to him. ... Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC - 480s BC - 470s BC - 460s BC Events and Trends Establishment of the Roman Republic March 12, 515 BC - Construction is completed on the... Darius I of Persia Darius the Great (ca. ... Urartu (Biainili in Urartian) was an ancient kingdom in the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highland, and it centered around Lake Van (present-day eastern Turkey). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ...


Prior to third century AD no other neighbor has had as much influence on the Armenian life and culture as Persia (Iran). They shared many religious and cultural elements and intermarriage among Iranian and Armenian nobility was common. Armenians conversion to Christianity in fourth century alienated them from Persians who were mostly Zoroastrian and Iranian conversion to Islam in 7th century deepened this alienation. Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...


In eleventh century, the Seljuk Turks drove thousands of Armenians to Iranian Azerbaijan, where some were sold as slaves and others worked as artisans and merchants. After the Mongol conquest of Iran in the thirteenth century many Armenian merchants and artists settled in the Iran, in cities bordering historic Armenia such as Khoi, Maku, Maraghe, Urmia, and especially Tabriz.[2] Iranian Azerbaijan or Iranian Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان ایران; Āzārbāijān-e Irān), (Azeri: اذربایجان, c. ... Region of the old Armenia c. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia. ... Tabriz City Hall, built in 1934, by Arfaol molk, with the aid of German engineers. ...


Although Armenians have a long history of interaction with Persia/Iran, Iran's Armenian community emerged when Shah Abbas relocated tens of thousands of Armenians from Nakhichevan to an area of Isfahan called New Julfa, which was created to become an Armenian quarter. Iran quickly recognized the Armenians' dexterity in commerce. Momine Khatun Mausoleum in Nakhichevan. ... Isfahan or Esfahān can refer to either a city or a province in Iran (Persia): Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Isfahan is the name of a song by the Jazzist Duke Ellington Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronunciation of the citys name. ... New Julfa is a quarter of Isfahan, Iran, located on the outskirts of the city. ...


The community became active in the cultural and economic development of Iran.


In twentieth century

In early 20th century many Iranian Armenians, under the command of leaders like Yeprem Khan, participated in Iranian constitutional revolution. Yeprem Khan was a revolutionary leader of Iran. ... The Persian Constitutional Revolution (also Constitutional Revolution of Iran) against the despotic rule of the last Qajar Shah started in 1905 and lasted until 1911. ...


The modernization efforts of Pahlavi dynasty were beneficial for Armenian community in Iran and soon Tehran became a major center for Armenian life. [3] The Pahlavi script was used broadly in the Sasanid Persian Empire to write down Middle Persian for secular, as well as religious purposes. ...


After the 1979 Islamic revolution as many as 100,000 Armenians left Iran, However the Armenian minority is still the largest Christian community in Iran. [4]


Armenians are a recognized religious minority and have two seats in the Iranian parliament . In addition to having their own churches and clubs ,Armenians are among few linguistic minorities in Iran who have their own schools. [5] Many Armenians served in the army, and some were “martyred,” during Iran-Iraq War. [6] مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ... Combatants  Iran Iraq Commanders Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Abolhassan Banisadr Ali Shamkhani Mostafa Chamran† Saddam Hussein Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength 305,000 soldiers 500,000 Passdaran and Baseej militia 1,000 tanks 1,000 armored vehicles 3,000 artillery pieces 65 aircraft 720 helicopters[1] 190,000 soldiers 4,500...


Notable Armenian-Iranians

Main article: List of Armenian-Iranians

This is a list of famous Armenian-Iranians. ...

See also

This article focuses on ethnic minorities in Iran and their related political issues and current realities. ... Bourvari is a collection of villages in Iran, between the city of Khomein (Markazi Province) and Aligoodarz (Lorestān Province). ... Peria is a collection of villages in Iran, near the city of Isfahan (or Esfahan). ...

References

  1. ^ I-cias.com Iran
  2. ^ Armenian Iran history
  3. ^ Armenians in Iran
  4. ^ Pay vand news
  5. ^ Edmon Armenian history
  6. ^ Uga.edu News

External links

  • "Armenians in Iran" - Iran Chamber Society

 
 

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