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Encyclopedia > Armenian Apostolic Church
Official standard of Karekin II Catholicos of Armenia

The Armenian Apostolic Church (Armenian: Հայ Առաքելական Եկեղեցի, Hay Arakelagan Yegeghetzi), sometimes called the Armenian Orthodox Church or the Gregorian Church, is the world's oldest national church[1] [2] and one of the most ancient Christian communities [3]. Image File history File links Am_chur. ... Image File history File links Am_chur. ... Catholicos Karekin II (Armenian: also Garegin) is the current head of the Holy Armenian Apostolic Church. ... His Holiness, the Catholicos of Armenia and of All Armenians (plural Catholicoi, due to its Greek origin) is the head bishop of Armenias dominant church, the Armenian Apostolic Church. ... The term national church is usually a reference to a church organization in Christianity that claims pastoral jurisdiction over a nation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...

Contents

Origins and history

Part of the series on
Armenians
Հայեր

Armenian culture
Architecture · Art · Cinema ·
Cuisine · Dance · Dress ·
Literature · Music · Media ·
Religion · Sport · Vartavar Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... mao mao mao the mao is back mao mao mao mao mao charlie was here outta my system its me sniches Insert non-formatted text here Italic textBold textfat Over the years Armenia has developed a modern, unique and successful culture. ... The monastery of Geghard in Kotayk, Armenia. ... Armenian cuisine is as ancient as the history of Armenia, and a combination of different tastes and aromas. ... A traditional Armenian dance The Armenian dance heritage has been one of the oldest, richest and most varied in the Near East. ... The dress of the Armenians have been complimented by a rich cultural tradition. ... The existing Armenian literature begins around 400 AD. History The Armenians once had a temple literature of their own, which was destroyed in the 4th and 5th centuries by the Christian clergy, so thoroughly that barely twenty lines of it survive in the history of Moses of Khoren (Chorene). ... Armenia is situated close to the Caucasus Mountains, and its music is a mix of indigenous folk music, perhaps best-represented by Djivan Gasparyans well-known duduk music, as well as light pop, and extensive Christian music, due to Armenias status as the oldest Christian nation in the... Vartavar (also known as Vardevar or Vardavar, Armenian: ) is a festival in Armenia where people of all ages drench each other with water. ...

By country or region
Armenia · Nagorno-Karabakh
Armenian diaspora Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... Map of the Armenian diaspora. ...

Subgroups
Cherkesogai · Hamshenis Cherkesogai is a sub-group of the Armenians. ... The Hamshenis (also known as Hemshinlis or Khemshils; Õ€Õ¡Õ´Õ·Õ«Õ¶Õ« in Armenian; HemÅŸinli in Turkish; Амшенцы in Russian) are an ethnic group of Armenian origin that inhabit the Black Sea coastal areas of Turkey, Russia, and Georgia (Abkhazia). ...

Religion
Armenian Apostolic Church
Armenian Catholic Church ·
Armenian Evangelical Church After the Armenian Apostolic Church, along with the rest of Oriental Orthodoxy, formally broke off communion from the Chalcedonian churches, numerous Armenian bishops made attempts to restore communion with the Catholic Church (Rome). ... The Armenian Evangelical Church (Armenian: Հայ Աւետարանական Եկեղեցի) was established on July 1, 1846 by thirty-seven men and three women in Constantinople. ...

Languages and dialects
Armenian
Eastern Armenian · Western Armenian Eastern Armenian is one of the two modern dialects of Armenian (an Indo-European language), spoken in the Caucasus mountains (particularly in the Armenian Republic). ... Western Armenian is one of the two modern dialects of Armenian, an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian diaspora, mainly in North America, Europe and most of the Middle East except for Iran. ...

Armenian History The history of Armenia is ancient and stretches back to prehistoric times. ...

Persecution
Armenian Genocide · Hamidian massacres ·
Adana massacre · Anti-Armenianism Armenian Genocide photo. ... Contemporary political cartoon portraying Hamid as a butcher of the Armenians During the long reign of Sultan Hamid, unrest and rebellion occurred in many areas of the Ottoman Empire. ... The Adana massacre occurred in Adana Province, in the Ottoman Empire, in April 1909. ... Bodies of Armenians killed during the 1915 Armenian Genocide. ...

v  d  e
Baptism of Tiridates III.
Baptism of Tiridates III.

The earliest Christian accounts of the introduction of Christianity into Armenia date from the 1st century. The Church teaches that it was first preached by two Apostles of Jesus, St. Bartholomew and St. Jude. The Armenian Apostolic Church has been in existence since the days of the apostles and therefore would be one of the oldest churches of Christianity. Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as its official religion, when St. Gregory the Illuminator converted Tiridates III (the King of Armenia) and members of his court [4], traditionally dated to 301 (after Mikayel Chamchian 1784). The Church teaches that St. Gregory was imprisoned by Tiridates in an underground pit, called Khor Virab, for 13 years, after which he healed the King of an incurable disease, whereupon Tiridates accepted Christianity[citation needed]. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Tiridates III was a King of Armenia (286-344), also known as Tiridates the Great. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      For other uses, see... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... “Bartholomew” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Saint Jude (disambiguation). ... Nations with state religions:  Buddhism  Islam  Shia Islam  Sunni Islam  Orthodox Christianity  Protestantism  Roman Catholic Church A state religion (also called an official religion, established church or state church) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state. ... Saint Gregory the Illuminator or Saint Gregory the Enlightener (Armenian: translit. ... Tiridates III was a King of Armenia (286-344), also known as Tiridates the Great. ... Events September 3 - The republic of San Marino is established (traditional date). ... Mikayel Chamchian (Õ„Õ«Ö„Õ¡ÕµÕ¥Õ¬ Õ‰Õ¡Õ´Õ¹ÕµÕ¡Õ¶ Mik῾ayel Č῾amč῾yan; 1738–1823) was an Armenian Mekhitarist monk and historian who in 1784-1788 published a History of the Armenians in three volumes. ...


The official name of the church is the "Armenian Orthodox Apostolic Church"; "Gregorian Church" is not preferred by the church, as it views the Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew as the founders, and St. Gregory as merely the first official head of the church.


Christianity was strengthened in Armenia by the translation of the Bible into the Armenian language by the Armenian theologian, monk and scholar Saint Mesrop Mashtots. This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... The Armenian language (, IPA: — , conventional short form ) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian people. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... St. ... A scholar is either a student or someone who has achieved a mastery of some academic discipline, perhaps receiving financial support through a scholarship. ... Saint Mesrop Mashtots (Armenian:Õ„Õ¥Õ½Ö€Õ¸Õº Մաշտոց) (360 - February 17, 440) was an Armenian monk, theologian and linguist. ...


Monophysite label

Historically, the Armenian church has been labeled monophysite because it (just as the Coptic Orthodox Church) rejected the decisions of the Council of Chalcedon, which condemned monophysitism. The Armenian Church officially severed ties with the West in 554, during the second Council of Dvin where the dyophysite formula of the Council of Chalcedon was rejected. Monophysitism (from the Greek monos meaning one, alone and physis meaning nature) is the christological position that Christ has only one nature, as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human. ... Jesus Christ in a Coptic icon. ... The Council of Chalcedon was an ecumenical council that took place from October 8 to November 1, 451, at Chalcedon (a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor), today part of the city of Istanbul on the Asian side of the Bosphorus and known as the district of Kadıköy. ... Events The Byzantine general Narses reconquers all of Italy. ... Dvin (Armenian: ; Greek: ) — was a large commercial city, the capital of medieval Armenia, the ruins of which are located in the province of Ararat nearby a town by the same name. ... The Chalcedonian churches are those Christian churches who follow the Christological teachings of the Council of Chalcedon, in contradistinction to Nestorians, Monophysites and Monothelites. ...


However, the Armenian Orthodox Church argues that this is a wrong description of its position, as it considers Monophysitism, as taught by Eutyches and condemned at Chalcedon, a heresy and only disagrees with the formula defined by that council. The Armenian church instead adheres to the doctrine defined by Cyril of Alexandria, considered as a saint by the Chalcedonian churches as well, who described Christ as being of one incarnate nature, where both divine and human nature are united. To distinguish this from Eutychian and other versions of Monophysitism this position is called miaphysitism. Eutyches (c. ... St. ... Miaphysitism (sometimes called henophysitism) is the christology of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. ...


In recent times, both Chalcedonian and anti-Chalcedonian churches have developed a deeper understanding for each other's positions, recognizing the substantial agreement while maintaining their respective theological language. Hence, the Monophysite label is avoided when describing the Armenians' or Copts' belief regarding the Nature of Christ.


Structure and leadership

Armenian Divine Liturgy (Sourp Badarqě) celebrated by a bishop, assisted by deacons
Armenian Divine Liturgy (Sourp Badarqě) celebrated by a bishop, assisted by deacons
Part of the series on
Eastern Christianity

Eastern Christianity Portal

History
Byzantine Empire
Crusades
Ecumenical council
Baptism of Kiev
Great Schism
By region
Eastern Orthodox history
Ukraine Christian history
Asia Eastern Christian history
Image File history File links Badaraq-rm. ... Image File history File links Badaraq-rm. ... The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... Eastern Christianity refers collectively to the Christian traditions and churches which developed in Greece, Russia, Armenia, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Middle East, northeastern Africa and southern India over several centuries of religious antiquity. ... Image File history File links HY002563. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      An Ecumenical Council (also sometimes Oecumenical... The ruins of Korsun: the place where the Russian and Ukrainian church was born. ... For the later Papal Schism in Avignon, see Western Schism. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Eastern Orthodox Churches trace their... This article should include material from Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, and Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko). ... Judging from the New Testament account of the rise and expansion of the early church, during the first few centuries of Christianity, the most extensive dissemination of the gospel was not in the West but in the East. ...

Traditions
Oriental Orthodoxy
Coptic Orthodox Church
Armenian Apostolic Church
Syriac Christianity
Assyrian Church of the East
Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Catholic Churches
Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to... Jesus Christ in a Coptic icon The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: , literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church of Alexandria) is the official name for the largest Christian church in Egypt. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Syriac Christianity is a culturally and... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Assyrian Church of the East... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Coptic Orthodox Pope · Roman Catholic Pope Archbishop of Canterbury · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Faith... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ...

Liturgy and Worship
Sign of the cross
Divine Liturgy
Iconography
Asceticism
Omophorion
For other uses, see Sign of the cross (disambiguation). ... The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... Look up Iconography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In the Orthodox liturgical tradition, the omophorion is one of the bishops vestments and the symbol of his spiritual and ecclesiastical authority. ...

Theology
Hesychasm - Icon
Apophaticism - Filioque clause
Miaphysitism - Monophysitism
Nestorianism - Theosis - Theoria
Phronema - Philokalia
Praxis - Theotokos
Hypostasis - Ousia
Essence-Energies distinction
Hesychasm (Greek hesychasmos, from hesychia, stillness, rest, quiet, silence) is an eremitic tradition of prayer in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and some other Eastern Churches of the Byzantine Rite, practised (Gk: hesychazo: to keep stillness) by the Hesychast (Gr. ... Look up icon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Negative theology - also known as the Via Negativa (Latin for Negative Way) and Apophatic theology - is a theology that attempts to describe God by negation, to speak of God only in terms of what may not be said about God. ... In Christian theology the filioque clause or filioque controversy (filioque meaning and [from] the son in Latin) is a heavily disputed addition to the Nicene Creed, that forms a divisive difference in particular between the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox traditions. ... Miaphysitism (sometimes called henophysitism) is the christology of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. ... Monophysitism (from the Greek monos meaning one, alone and physis meaning nature) is the christological position that Christ has only one nature, as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human. ... Nestorianism is the doctrine that Jesus exists as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, or Logos, rather than as a unified person. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      In Eastern Orthodox and... Theoria is contemplation or perception of beauty, esp. ... Phronema is a Greek term that is used in Eastern Orthodox theology to refer to mindset or outlook; it is the Orthodox mind. ... The Philokalia (Gk. ... Praxis is the customary use of knowledge or skills, distinct from theoretical knowledge. ... Theotokos of Kazan Theotokos (Greek: , translit. ... In Christianity, the Greek word hypostasis [1] is usually translated into Latin as natura and then into English as nature, although the specific Greek word for nature and substance is physis. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... The Energies of God are a central principle of theology in the Eastern Orthodox Church, understood by the orthodox Fathers of the Church, and most famously formulated by Gregory Palamas, against charges of heresy brought by Barlaam of Calabria. ...

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The Armenian Apostolic Church is headed by a Catholicos (the plural is Catholicoi). (The Armenian Apostolic Church should not be confused, however, with the Armenian Catholic Church whose patriarch is Nerses Bedros XIX, which is an Eastern Catholic church in communion with the See of Rome (whose bishop is Benedict XVI). At present, the Catholicos of All Armenians is his Holiness Karekin II (sometimes spelled as Garegin), who resides in the city of Echmiadzin, west of Yerevan. A second Catholicos, His Holiness Aram I Catholicos of Cilicia, who resides in Antilyas in Lebanon, leads churches belonging to the Holy See of Cilicia. The division stems from frequent relocations of the Church headquarters under Ottoman Rule and was further reinforced during the period in which Armenia was part of the Soviet Union. However, the Catholicos of All Armenians claims theoretical sovereignty over the Catholicos of Cilicia. The Armenian Apostolic Church is one of a few apostolic churches in the world to have a democratic system; the people decide if they want to keep priests in their churches and may ask for different ones, as do some other connectional ecclesial structures, such as Presbyterians. Catholicos (plural Catholicoi) is a title used by the head/regional head bishop of any of certain Eastern churches. ... After the Armenian Apostolic Church, along with the rest of Oriental Orthodoxy, formally broke off communion from the Chalcedonian churches, numerous Armenian bishops made attempts to restore communion with the Catholic Church (Rome). ... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: ; born April 16, 1927 as Joseph Alois Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany) is the 265th reigning pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City. ... His Holiness, the Catholicos of Armenia and of All Armenians (plural Catholicoi, due to its Greek origin) is the head archbishop of Armenias dominant church, the Armenian Apostolic Church. ... Catholicos Karekin II (Armenian: also Garegin) is the current head of the Holy Armenian Apostolic Church. ... Echmiadzin or Ejmiatsin (Armenian: Ô·Õ»Õ´Õ«Õ¡Õ®Õ«Õ¶) is the holiest town in Armenia and the headquarters of the katholikos, the head of the Armenian Apostolic Church. ... Born Pedros Keshishian in Beirut, Lebanon in 1947, Aram I has been Catholicos of Cilicia of the Armenian Apostolic Church since 1995, residing in Antelias, Beirut. ... This is a list of Armenian Catholicoi of Cilicia. ... Antelias is a city in Lebanon. ... Image:Armenian Catholicossate Antelias. ...


Similarities to other churches

Liturgically speaking, the Church has much more in common with the Latin rite in its externals, especially as it was at the time of separation, than the Eastern Orthodox Churches. For example, their bishops wear mitres almost identical to those of Western bishops. They usually do not use a full iconostasis, but rather a curtain (which was also used in the West at the time of separation). The liturgical music is Armenian chant. A liturgy is the customary public worship of a religious group, according to their particular traditions. ... The Latin Rite is one of the 23 sui iuris particular Churches within the Catholic Church. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... This article is about the ceremonial head-dress; see also mitre (disambiguation). ... 17th-century iconostasis of Prophet Elias church, Yaroslavl. ... Armenian chant is the melismatic monophonic chant used in the liturgy of the Armenian Apostolic Church. ...


Armenian priests below the rank of bishop are allowed to be married before ordination and their descendants' surnames are prepended with the prefix "Ter" (or "Der" in Western Armenian, meaning "Lord"), to indicate their lineage.


Today

Today there are large Armenian Apostolic congregations in many countries outside Armenia, including Russia, Georgia, France, the United States, Lebanon, Syria, Canada, Australia, Cyprus, Israel, Greece, Bulgaria, England, Argentina, Uraguay and others. Of particular importance is the Armenian Apostolic Church of Iran (see also Christians in Iran) and the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople. Armenians represent the largest Christian ethnic minority in both of these predominantly Muslim countries. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Motto (Spanish) Liberty or Death Anthem Capital (and largest city) Montevideo Official languages Spanish Government Presidential democratic republic  -  President Tabaré Vázquez  -  Vice President Rodolfo Nin Independence from Brazil   -  Declared August 25, 1825   -  Recognised August 28, 1828  Area  -  Total 176,215 km² (90th) 68,038 sq mi   -  Water (%) 1. ... St. ... The head of the Armenian Apostolic Church in Turkey and Crete is the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople. ...


List of Patriarcs-Catholicos from the Armenian Apostolic Church

Apostolic Era, sede en Artaz.

 * Tadeo Apóstol (43-66) * Bartolomé Apóstol (60-68) * Zacarías (68-72) * Zementus (72-76) * Atrnerseh (77-92) * Mushe (93-123) * Shahen (124-150) * Shavarsh (151-171) * Leoncio (172-190) * Desconocidos (190-240) 

Sede en Sofene o Sis.

 * Merozanes (240-270) * Gregorio I el Iluminador (288-325) 

Sede en Echmiadzin.

 * Gregorio I el Iluminador (301-325) * Aristakes I (325-333) * Vertanes (333-341) * Husik (341-347) * Daniel (I) (347) * Faren I de Artazhat (348-352) * Nérses I (353-373) * Shahak I de Manazkert (373-377) * Zaven de Manazkert (377-381) * Aspurakes I de Manazkert (381-386) * Sahak I (387-428) * Brkisho (428-432) * Samuel (432-437) * José I de Hoghotsim (437-452) 

Sede en Dvin.

 * Melitón de Manazkert (452-456) * Moisés I de Manazkert (456-461) * Gjut de Artske (461-478) * Juan I Mandakouni (478-490) * Papken I de Othmos (490-516) * Samuel I de Artske (516-526) * Mushe I de Aylaberk (526-534) * Sahak II de Oughki (534-539) * Cristóforo I de Tirarynj (539-545) * Ghevond de Yerast (545-548) * Nérses II de Bagrevand (548-557) * Juan II Gabeghen (557-574) * Moisés II de Yeghuart (574-604) * Abraham I de Aghabatank (607-615) * Gomidas de Aghtsik (615-628) * Cristóforo II de Apahouni (628-630 * Ezra de Parazhnakert (630-641) * Nérses III de Ishkhan (641-661) * Anastasio de Akor (661-667) * Israel de Othmos (667-677) * Sahak III de Dzorapor (677-703) * Elías de Artchesh (703-717) * Juan III de Otsoun (717-728) * David I de Aramonk (728-741) * Tirídates I de Othmos (741-764) * Tirídates II de Dasnavork (764-767) * Sion de Bavonk (767-775) * Isaías de Eghipatroush (775-788) * Esteban I de Dvin (788-790) * Joab de Dvin (790-791) * Salomón de Garni (791-792) * Jorge I de Byurakan (792-795) * José I de Parpi (795-806) * David II de karagh (806-833) * Juan IV de Ova (833-855) * Zacarías I de Dzak (855-876) * Jorge II de Garni (877-897) * Mashdotz de Yeghvart (897-898) 

Sede en Aghtamar.

 * Juan V de Drakhanakert (898-929) * Esteban II Rshtouni (929-930) * Teodoro I Rshtouni (930-941) * Yeghishe Rshtouni (941-946) 

Sede en Arghina.

 * Ananías de Moks (949-968) * Vahan Syuni (968-969) * Esteban III de Sevan (969-972) * Khachik I Arsharouni (973-992) 

Sede en Ani.

 * Sarkis I de Sevan (992-1019) * Pedro Ketadarats (1019-1058) 

Sede en Sivas y Tavbloor.

 * Khachik II de Ani (1058-1065) 

Sede en Zamidia.

 * Gregorio II Pahlavouni (1066-1105) * Basilio de Ani (1105-1113) 

Sede en Dzovk.

 * Gregorio III Pahlavouni (1113-1166) * Nérses IV (1166-1173) * Gregorio IV el Joven (1173-1193) * Gregorio V Karavej (1193-1194) * Gregorio VI Apirat (1194-1203) * Juan VI de Sis (1203-1221) * Constantino I de Bardzrberd (1221-1267) * Jacob I de Gla (1268-1286) * Constantino II de Katouk (1286-1289) * Esteban IV de Hromkla (1290-1293) 

Sede en Sis.

 * Gregorio VII de Anabarza (1293-1307) * Constantino III de Cesarea (1307-1322) * Constantino IV de Lambron (1323-1326 * Jacob II de Anabarza (1327-1341) * Mekhitar de Gmer (1341-1355) * Jacob II de Anabarza (1355-1359, 2ª vez) * Mesrob de Artaz (1359-1372) * Constantino V de Sis(1372-1374) * Pablo I de Sis (1374-1382) * Teodoro II de Cilicia (1382-1392) * Garabed de Keghi (1393-1404) * Jacob III de Sis (1404-1411) * Gregorio VIII Khandzoghat (1411-1418) * Pablo II de Garni (1418-1430) * Constantino VI de Vahka (1430-1439) * Gregorio IX Moosabekiants (1439-1446) 

Sede en Echmiadzin.

 * Giragos de Vrap (1441-1443) * Gregorio X de Jalalabekiants (1443-1465) * Aristakes II (1465-1469) * Sarkis II Achatar (1469-1474) * Juan VII Achakir (1474-1484) * Sarkis III (1484-1515) * Zacarías II (1515-1520) * Sarkis IV de Georgia (1520-1536) * Gregorio XI de Bizancio (1536-1545) * Esteban V de Salmast (1545-1567) * Miguel de Sebaste (1567-1576) * Gregorio XII Vagharshapat (1576-1590) * David IV Vagharsapat (1590-1629) * Moisés III de Tatev (1629-1632) * Felipe de Aghbak (1633-1655) * Jacob IV de Jugha (1655-1680) * Eleazar de Aintap (1681-1691) * Nahabed de Edesa (1691-1705) * Alejandro I de Jugha (1706-1714) * Asdvadzadur de Hamadán (1715-1725) * Garabed II de Zeytoun (1725-1729) * Abraham II de Khoshab (1730-1734) * Abraham III de Creta (1734-1737) * Lázaro de Djahouk (1737-1751) * Mina de Akn (1751-1753) * Alejandro II de Bizancio (1753-1755) * Sahak V (1755, elegido, no consagrado) 

Vacante (1755-1759)

 * Jacob V de Shamakh (1759-1763) * Simeón de Yerevan (1763-1780) * Lucas de Garni (1780-1799) * José (II) (1800, elegido, no consagrado) * David V de Eneget (1801-1807) * Daniel (II) de Sourmari (1802-1808, antipatriarca) * Efrén de Dzoragegh (1809-1830) * Juan VIII de Karbi (1831-1842) * Nérses V de Ashtarak (1843-1857) * Mateo I de Constantinopla (1858-1865) * Jorge IV de Constantinopla (1866-1882) 

Vacante (1882-1885)

 * Macario de Teghout (1885-1891) * Makartich de Van (1892-1907) * Mateo II de Constantinopla (1908-1910) * Jorge V de Tpghis (1911-1930) 

Vacante (1930-1932)

 * Khoren de Tpghis (1932-1938) 

Vacante (1938-1945)

 * Jorge VI de Nor-Nakhichevan (1945-1954) * Vazgen I Baijian (1955-1994) * Karekin I Sarkassian (1995-1999) * Karekin II (1999- ) 

See also

Eastern Christianity refers collectively to the Christian traditions and churches which developed in Greece, Russia, Armenia, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Middle East, northeastern Africa and southern India over several centuries of religious antiquity. ...

External links

  • Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) Church Library Online: English | Armenian | Russian
  • Prayer Book of the Armenian Church
  • Armeniapedia - Armenian Apostolic Church
  • Some information
  • Basic info
  • Embassy of the Republic of Armenia to the US General Information
  • Directory of Armenian Churches Worldwide

References

  • David Marshall Lang.Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London:George Allen and Unwin. 1973.
  1. ^ The Journal of Ecclesiastical History - Page 268 by Cambridge University Press, Gale Group, C.W. Dugmore
  2. ^ The Armenian Massacres, 1894-1896: 1894-1896 : U.S. media testimony - Page 131 by A. Dzh. (Arman Dzhonovich) Kirakosian
  3. ^ The Antiquities of the Christian Church - Page 466 by Johann Christian Wilhelm Augusti, Georg Friedrich Heinrich Rheinwald, Carl Christian Friedrich Siegel
  4. ^ Academic American Encyclopedia - Page 172 by Grolier Incorporated
Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Oriental Orthodoxy
Autocephalous Churches
Alexandria | Antioch | Armenia | Eritrea | Ethiopia | India
Autonomous Churches
Alexandria: British Orthodox Church|French Orthodox Church

Antioch: Malankara Syriac Orthodox Church For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... The history of Armenia is ancient and stretches back to prehistoric times. ... Haik, the legendary ancestor of the Armenians. ... The name Armenia is an exonym, the Armenian language name for the country being Hayk‘ (see Haik for a discussion of that name). ... Haik is the legendary establisher of the first Armenian nation. ... Hayasa-Azzi or Azzi-Hayasa was a confederation formed between the Kingdoms of Hayasa located South of Trabzon and Azzi, located North of the Euphrates and to the South of Hayasa. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Urartu at its greatest extent 743 BC Urartu (Biainili in Urartian) was an ancient kingdom in the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highland, and it centered around Lake Van (present-day eastern Turkey). ... The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (sometimes referred to as Armenia Minor) was a state formed in the Middle Ages by Armenian refugees fleeing the Seljuk invasion of Armenia. ... Byzantine Armenia is the name given to the Armenian part of the Byzantine Empire. ... The Bagratuni or Bagratid royal dynasty of Armenia (Armenian: Բագրատունյաց Ô±Ö€Ö„Õ¡ÕµÕ¡Õ¯Õ¡Õ¶ Տոհմ or Bagratunyac Arqayakan Tohm) is a royal family whose branches formerly ruled many regional polities, including Armenian lands of Syunik, Lori, Vaspurakan, Kars, Taron, and Tayk. ... The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375. ... Persian Armenia, AD 387-591 Persian Armenia corresponds to the Armenian territory controlled by Persia throughout history. ... It has been suggested that Ottoman Armenian be merged into this article or section. ... Eastern Armenia or Russian Armenia is the portion of Ottoman Armenia that was ceded to the Russian Empire following the Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... Motto None Anthem Mer Hayrenik (Our Fatherland) Map of the Democratic Republic of Armenia from March 1919 to March 1920. ... State motto: ÕŠÖ€Õ¸Õ¬Õ¥Õ¿Õ¡Ö€Õ¶Õ¥Ö€ Õ¢Õ¸Õ¬Õ¸Ö€ Õ¥Ö€Õ¯Ö€Õ¶Õ¥Ö€Õ«, միացեք! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ... The history of Armenia is ancient and stretches back to prehistoric times. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Armenia. ... Politics of Armenia takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... There have been two Presidents of Armenia since independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. ... The Prime Minister of Armenia is the most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to oversee the Governments regular activities [and] coordinate the work of the Ministers. ... National Assembly building in Yerevan The Azgayin Zhoghov of Armenia (Armenian: ; English: National Assembly) is the official name of the legislative branch of the government of Armenia. ... This article lists political parties in Armenia. ... Elections in Armenia gives information on election and election results in Armenia. ... Armenias foreign relationships vary from strong (with countries like Russia or Lebanon) to bitter (with countries like Turkey and Azerbaijan). ... Armenia and the European Union have had a varied relationship over the years. ... ISO 4217 Code AMD User(s) Armenia and the self proclaimed Nagorno Karabakh Republic Inflation -0. ... Logo The Armenian Stock Exchange is the principal stock exchange of Armenia. ... Armenia is subdivided into eleven administrative divisions. ... This is a list of cities in Armenia. ... The Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia represents the Army, Air Force, Air Defense, and Border Guard. ... Light armor in the Armenian army is complemented with several variants which serve in both ground attack and air defense roles. ... The Armenian Air Force is the air force component of the Armed Forces of Armenia. ... An S-300 surface-to-air missile being launched An anti-aircraft model 9K33 Osa on parade on September 21, 2006. ... The Armenian Border Guard is the branch of the Armed Forces of Armenia that is responsible in guarding Armenias borders. ... Armenian Highland (Armenian Upland) is part of the Transcaucasian Highland and constitutes the continuation of the Caucasus mountains. ... The Ararat plain, one of the largest of the Armenian Plateau, stretches west of the sevan basin, at the foothills of the Gegham mountains. ... Lake Sevan is one of the few large lakes in the world located at high altitude. ... Shikahogh State Preserve Shikahogh State Preserve is Armenia’s second largest forest reserve, covering some 10,000 hectares (25,000 acres) of land. ... This is a list of the extreme points of Armenia, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. ... Mount Aragats (Ô±Ö€Õ¡Õ£Õ¡Õ® in Armenian) is the highest point in Armenia, and one of the highest mountains in the world. ... View of the lake from space Lake Sevan (Սևանա Õ¬Õ«Õ³ in Armenian), named Gegham Sea (Ô³Õ¥Õ²Õ¡Õ´Õ¡ Õ®Õ¸Õ¾) in ancient times, is the largest lake in Armenia and one of the largest high altitude lakes in the world. ... Ethnic groups of Armenia and the South Caucasus in 1995. ... Map of the Armenian diaspora. ... The first Armenian census after the dissolution of the Soviet Union was conducted by the Republic of Armenia in 2001-2002. ... Ethnic groups of Armenia and the South Caucasus in 1995. ... Assyrians in Armenia (Armenian: , Asoriner) make up the countrys third largest ethnic minority, after Yazidis and Russians. ... Malak Taus, the pre-eminent angel of the Yazidis The Yazidis in Armenia are the largest ethnic and religious minority in the country. ... After the Armenian Apostolic Church, along with the rest of Oriental Orthodoxy, formally broke off communion from the Chalcedonian churches, numerous Armenian bishops made attempts to restore communion with the Catholic Church (Rome). ... The Roman Catholic Church in Armenia is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ... The Armenian Evangelical Church (Armenian: Õ€Õ¡Õµ Ô±Ö‚Õ¥Õ¿Õ¡Ö€Õ¡Õ¶Õ¡Õ¯Õ¡Õ¶ Եկեղեցի) was established on July 1, 1846 by thirty-seven men and three women in Constantinople. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The History of the Jews in Armenia dates back almost 2,000 years. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... mao mao mao the mao is back mao mao mao mao mao charlie was here outta my system its me sniches Insert non-formatted text here Italic textBold textfat Over the years Armenia has developed a modern, unique and successful culture. ... The Armenian alphabet is an alphabet that has been used to write the Armenian language since the 5th century. ... Armenian cuisine is as ancient as the history of Armenia, and a combination of different tastes and aromas. ... The existing Armenian literature begins around 400 AD. History The Armenians once had a temple literature of their own, which was destroyed in the 4th and 5th centuries by the Christian clergy, so thoroughly that barely twenty lines of it survive in the history of Moses of Khoren (Chorene). ... A traditional Armenian dance The Armenian dance heritage has been one of the oldest, richest and most varied in the Near East. ... Armenia is situated close to the Caucasus Mountains, and its music is a mix of indigenous folk music, perhaps best-represented by Djivan Gasparyans well-known duduk music, as well as light pop, and extensive Christian music, due to Armenias status as the oldest Christian nation in the... The following are prominent Armenians // Adrienne Barbeau – (born 1945) actress Akim Tamiroff – (1899-1972) actor Andrea Martin – (born 1945) actress Arlene Francis – (1907-2001) actress Armen Jigarkhanyan – (born 1935) actor Arthur Edmund Carewe – (1884-1937) actor David Hedison – (born 1927) popular actor Dmitry Kharatyan – (born 1960) actor Eric Bogosian – (born... The national flag of Armenia, the Armenian Tricolour, consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange on the bottom. ... The Coat of Arms of Armenia The coat of arms of Armenia consists of an eagle and a lion supporting a shield. ... Mer Hayrenik (Our Fatherland) is the national anthem of Armenia. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to... In hierarchical Christian churches, especially Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, autocephaly is the status of a hierarchical church whose head bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop. ... Jesus Christ in a Coptic icon The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: , literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church of Alexandria) is the official name for the largest Christian church in Egypt. ... The Syriac Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church based in the Middle East with members spread throughout the world. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, especially Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, autocephaly is the status of a hierarchical church whose head bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop. ... Jesus Christ in a Coptic icon The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: , literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church of Alexandria) is the official name for the largest Christian church in Egypt. ... The British Orthodox Church is a small Oriental Orthodox jurisdiction, canonically part of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria. ... The French Coptic Orthodox Church (French: Métropole copte orthodoxe de France) is an Oriental Orthodox church and an outgrowth of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. ... The Syriac Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church based in the Middle East with members spread throughout the world. ... The Malankara Syriac Orthodox Church, sometimes called Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, is a branch of the Syriac Orthodox Church. ...


Armenia: Cilicia|Constantinople|Jerusalem This is a list of Armenian Catholicoi of Cilicia. ... The head of the Armenian Apostolic Church in Turkey and Crete is the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople. ... The Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem was founded in 638. ...


 
 

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