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Encyclopedia > Armatoles
An armatolos patrols near the ruins of Corinth during the Greek War of Independence.
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An armatolos patrols near the ruins of Corinth during the Greek War of Independence.

Armatoles, or Armatoli (Greek. plural, Αρματολοί. singular, Armatolos - Αρματολός) were Christian irregular soldiers, or militia, commissioned by the Ottomans to enforce the Sultan's authority within an administrative district called an Armatolik, or Armatoliki (Greek. Αρματολίκι). Armatoliks were created in areas of Greece that had high levels of brigandage, or in regions that were difficult for Ottoman authorities to govern due to the inaccessible terrain, such as the Agrafa mountains of Thessaly, where the first armatolik was established in the mid-1400s. A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million... The Breathtakingly colossal Mountains of the Agrafa District. ... Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ...


An armatolik was usually commanded by a kapetanios, a klepht captain who had been hired by the governing Ottoman Pasha to combat, or at least contain, brigand groups in the region. In most cases, the captain would have gained a level of notoriety as a klepht in order to force the Ottomans to give him the amnesty and privilege that came with an armatolik. Therefore, it was not surprising that armatoli units were organised in very much the same way as the klephts, with a kapetanio assisted by a lieutenant called a protopallikaro, who was usually a kinsman, and the remaining force made up of armatoli. Klephts (Greek κλέφτης, pl. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million... This article discusses the rank/title used in the Ottoman Empire. ... Klephts (Greek κλέφτης, pl. ...


Over time, the roles of the armatoli and klephtes became blurred, with both reversing their roles and allegiances as the situation demanded, all the while maintaining the delicate status-quo with the Ottoman authorities. Many captains ran their armatolik like a personal fiefdom, exacting a heavy toll of extortion and violence on the local peasantry.


When the Greek War of Independence began, the armatoles, along with the klephtes, formed the nucleus of the Greek fighting forces, and played a prominent part in the war of 1821-1829. The Declaration of the War by Bishop Germanos at St Lavra on March 25, 1821 The Greek War of Independence was a successful war waged by the Greeks between 1821 and 1827 to win independence from the Ottoman Empire. ... National motto: Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος (Greek: Liberty or Death) Official language Greek Capital Athens Largest city Athens President Károlos Papoúlias Prime Minister Kóstas Karamanlís Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 94th 131,940 km² 0. ...


Famous Armatoles

Georgios Karaiskakis, (Γεώργιος Καραϊσκάκης in Greek), (1782 in Agrapha, Epirus – 4 May 1827 in Athens) was a leader of the Greek War of Independence. ... Athanasios Diakos (1788-1821). ...

References

  • Diamantopoulos, N., Kyriazopoulou, A., “Elliniki Istoria Ton Neoteron Hronon”, OEDB, (1980).
  • Brewer, David, “The Greek War of Independence”, The Overlook Press (2001). ISBN 158567172X.
  • Paroulakis, Peter H., "The Greeks: Their Struggle For Independence”, Hellenic International Press (1984). ISBN 0959089411.
  • Stratiki, Poti, “To Athanato 1821”, Stratikis Bros, (1990). ISBN 960726150X.

 
 

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