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Encyclopedia > Armadillo
Armadillos
Fossil range: Late Paleocene to Recent
Nine-banded Armadillo
Nine-banded Armadillo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Superorder: Xenarthra
Order: Cingulata
Illiger, 1811
Families
  • †Pampatheriidae (prehistoric)
  • †Glyptodontidae (prehistoric)
  • Dasypodidae

Armadillos are small placental mammals, known for having a bony armor shell. The Dasypodidae are the only surviving family in the order Cingulata, part of the superorder Xenarthra along with the anteaters and sloths. The word armadillo is Spanish for "little armored one". Armadillo can refer to: armadillo, the animal Armadillo World Headquarters was a music hall and entertainment center in Austin, Texas between 1970 and 1980. ... The Paleocene, early dawn of the recent, is a geologic epoch that lasted from 65. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Binomial name Linaeus, 1758 The current (as of approximately 2006) range (shaded red), and predicted future range (shaded pink) of the Nine-banded Armadillo The Nine-banded Long-nosed Armadillo or just Nine-banded Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus (also known as the poor mans pig or poverty pig), is a... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... Orders and suborders Order Pilosa Suborder Vermilingua Suborder Folivora Order Cingulata See text for more details The superorder Xenarthra is a group of placental mammals (infraclass Eutheria), extant today only in the Americas. ... Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger (November 19, 1775 - May 1813) was a German entomologist who also worked on birds and mammals. ... For the US Federal Agent designation, see Special agent. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Glyptodonts were large relatives of modern armadillos. ... The placenta (Latin for cake, referencing its appearance in humans) is an ephemeral organ present in placental vertebrates, such as eutherial mammals and sharks during gestation (pregnancy). ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... Armour in animals is external or superficial protection against attack by predators, formed as part of the body (rather than the behavioural use of protective external objects), usually through the hardening of body tissues, outgrowths or secretions. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ... Orders and suborders Order Pilosa Suborder Vermilingua Suborder Folivora Order Cingulata See text for more details The superorder Xenarthra is a group of placental mammals (infraclass Eutheria), extant today only in the Americas. ... For other uses, see Anteater (disambiguation). ... This article is about the South American mammal. ...


There are approximately 10 extant genera and around 20 extant species of armadillo, some of which are distinguished by the number of bands on their armor. Their average length is about 75 centimeters (30 in), including tail; the Giant Armadillo grows up to 100 cm (39 in) and weigh 66lbs, while the Pink Fairy Armadillos are diminutive species with an overall length of 12–15 cm (4–5 in). All species are native to the Americas, where they inhabit a variety of environments. In biology, extant taxon is commonly used in discussions of living and fossil species. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Binomial name Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) The Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus) is the largest species of armadillo. ... Binomial name Harlan, 1825 The Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or Pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo (mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell). ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ...


In the United States, the sole resident armadillo is the Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), which is most common in the central southernmost states, particularly Texas. Their range is as far east as Florida and as far north as Kansas, and while cold winters have slowed the expansion of their range (due to a lack of sufficient body fat), they have been consistently expanding their range over the last century due to a lack of natural predators and have been found as far as western Kentucky, and are expected to eventually reach Ohio before the cold winters inhibit their expansion. Binomial name Linaeus, 1758 The current (as of approximately 2006) range (shaded red), and predicted future range (shaded pink) of the Nine-banded Armadillo The Nine-banded Long-nosed Armadillo or just Nine-banded Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus (also known as the poor mans pig or poverty pig), is a... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Contents

Habitat and Anatomy

Armadillos are prolific diggers. Many species use their sharp claws to dig for food, such as grubs, and to dig dens. The Nine-banded Armadillo prefers to build burrows in moist soil near the creeks, streams, and arroyos near which it lives and feeds. The diet of different armadillo species varies, but consists mainly of insects, grubs, and other invertebrates. Some species, however, are almost entirely formicivorous (feeding mainly on ants). Grub or GRUB can mean: a slang term for food a beetle larva that resembles a worm a distributed commercial search engine: see Grub (search engine) a number of places in Switzerland, Austria and Germany, such as: Grub, canton of Appenzell Outer Rhodes, Switzerland Grub, Germany for the GNU project... A burrow is a hole or tunnel dug into the ground by an animal to create a space suitable for habitation, temporary refuge, or as a byproduct of locomotion. ... An arroyo is a dry creek bed or gulch that fills with water either seasonally, or after a heavy rain. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... Invertebrate is an English word that describes any animal without a spinal column. ...


Armadillos have poor vision but are not blind.


The armor is formed by plates of dermal bone covered in small, overlapping epidermal scales called "scutes", composed of bone with a covering of horn. In most species, there are rigid shields over the shoulders and hips, with a number of bands separated by flexible skin covering the back and flanks. Additional armor covers the top of the head, the upper parts of the limbs, and the tail. The underside of the animal is never armored, and is simply covered with soft skin and fur.[1] A scute (Latin scutum, shield) is a horny, chitinous, or bony external plate or scale, as on the shell of a turtle or the underside of a snake. ...


This armor-like skin appears to be the main defense of many armadillos, although most escape predators by fleeing (often into thorny patches, from which their armor protects them) or digging to safety. Only the South American three-banded armadillos (Tolypeutes) rely heavily on their armor for protection. When threatened by a predator, Tolypeutes species frequently roll up into a ball. (Other armadillo species cannot roll up because they have too many plates.) The North American Nine-banded Armadillo tends to jump straight in the air when surprised, and consequently often collides with the undercarriage or fenders of passing vehicles.[2] South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ...


Armadillos have short legs but can move quickly, and have the ability to remain underwater for as long as six minutes. Because of the density of its armor, an armadillo will sink in water unless it inflates its stomach with air (an ability unique among mammals which allows it to swim across narrow bodies of water), which often doubles its size.[3]


Armadillos use their claws for digging and finding food, as well as for making their homes in burrows. They dig their burrows with their claws, only making a single corridor where they fit themselves. They have five clawed toes on the hindfeet, and three to five toes with heavy digging claws on the forefeet. Armadillos have a large number of cheek teeth, which are not divided into premolars and molars, but usually have incisors or canines. The premolar teeth or bicuspids are transitional teeth located between the canine and molar teeth. ... Molars are the rearmost and most complicated kind of tooth in most mammals. ... Incisors (from Latin incidere, to cut) are the first kind of tooth in heterodont mammals. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ...


Gestation lasts anything from 60 to 120 days, depending on species, although the nine-banded armadillo also exhibits delayed implantation, so that the young are not typically born for eight months after mating. Most members of the genus Dasypus give birth to four homozygous young (that is, identical quadruplets), but other species may have typical litter sizes that range from one to eight. The young are born with soft leathery skin, which hardens within a few weeks, and reach sexual maturity in 3-12 months, depending on the species. Armadillos are solitary animals, that do not share their burrows with other adults.[1] Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside a female viviparous animal. ... Embryonic diapause is a reproductive strategy used by close to 100 different mammals in seven different orders. ... Homozygote cells are diploid or polyploid and have the same alleles at a locus (position) on homologous chromosomes. ...


Classification

Order CINGULATA

  • Family Pampatheriidae: giant armadillos
    • Genus †Machlydotherium
    • Genus †Kraglievichia
    • Genus †Vassallia
    • Genus †Plaina
    • Genus †Scirrotherium
    • Genus †Pampatherium
    • Genus †Holmesina
  • Family Glyptodontidae: glyptodonts
    • Genus †Glyptodon
    • Genus †Doedicurus
    • Genus †Hoplophorus
    • Genus †Panochthus
    • Genus †Parapropalaehoplophorus
    • Genus †Plaxhaplous
  • Family Dasypodidae: armadillos
    • Subfamily Dasypodinae
      • Genus Dasypus
        • Nine-banded Armadillo or Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus
        • Seven-banded Armadillo, Dasypus septemcinctus
        • Southern Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus hybridus
        • Llanos Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus sabanicola
        • Great Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus kappleri
        • Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus pilosus
        • Beautiful Armadillo, Dasypus bellus
    • Subfamily Euphractinae
      • Genus Calyptophractus
        • Greater Fairy Armadillo, Calyptophractus retusus
      • Genus Chaetophractus
        • Screaming Hairy Armadillo, Chaetophractus vellerosus
        • Big Hairy Armadillo, Chaetophractus villosus
        • Andean Hairy Armadillo, Chaetophractus nationi
      • Genus †Peltephilus
        • Horned Armadillo, Peltephilus ferox
Pink Fairy Armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus
Pink Fairy Armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus
    • Subfamily Tolypeutinae
      • Genus Cabassous
        • Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous centralis
        • Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous chacoensis
        • Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous unicinctus
        • Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous tatouay
      • Genus Priodontes
      • Genus Tolypeutes
        • Southern Three-banded Armadillo, Tolypeutes matacus
        • Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo, Tolypeutes tricinctus

† indicates extinct taxon Glyptodonts were large relatives of modern armadillos. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Doedicurus was a prehistoric glyptodont, living around 2 million to 15,000 years ago. ... Genera Chlamyphorus Cabassous Chaetophractus Dasypus Euphractus Priodontes Tolypeutes Zaedyus Armadillos are any of several small mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell. ... Species Dasypus novemcinctus Dasypus septemcinctus Dasypus hybridus Dasypus sabanicola Dasypus kappleri Dasypus pilosus †Dasypus bellus Dasypus is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Species Dasypus novemcinctus Dasypus septemcinctus Dasypus hybridus Dasypus sabanicola Dasypus kappleri Dasypus pilosus †Dasypus bellus Dasypus is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name Linaeus, 1758 The current (as of approximately 2006) range (shaded red), and predicted future range (shaded pink) of the Nine-banded Armadillo The Nine-banded Long-nosed Armadillo or just Nine-banded Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus (also known as the poor mans pig or poverty pig), is a... Binomial name Dasypus septemcinctus (Kerr, 1792) Seven-banded Long-nosed Armadillo or just Seven-banded Armadillo, Dasypus septemcinctus, is a species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Dasypus hybridus (Desmarest, 1804) Southern Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus hybridus, is an Armadillo species from South America. ... Binomial name Dasypus kappleri (Kerr, 1792) Great Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus kappleri, is a species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name (Fitzinger, 1856) The Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo (Dasypus pilosus) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... The whimsically named Beautiful Armadillo is an extinct armadillo species which lived in the Midwestern united States roughly 1 million years ago to 10,000 years ago. ... Binomial name (Burmeister, 1863) The Greater Fairy Armadillo (Calyptophractus retusus), also known as Burmeisters Armadillo or the Chacoan Fairy Armadillo, is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name (Burmeister, 1863) The Greater Fairy Armadillo (Calyptophractus retusus), also known as Burmeisters Armadillo or the Chacoan Fairy Armadillo, is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Species Chaetophractus vellerosus Chaetophractus villosus Chaetophractus nationi Chaetophractus is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name (Gray, 1865) The Screaming Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus vellerosus) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name (Desmarest, 1804) The Big Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... The Andean hairy armadillo is present in Bolivia, in the region of the Puna, the departments of Oruro, La Paz, Cochabamba (Gardner, 1993), Nowark (1991) quotes as distribution area Bolivia and the north of Chile, nevertheless, does not exist assertion of populations of this one species in Chile. ... Peltephilus was a species of giant armadillo which inhabited Argentina during the Miocene era; notably, the scutes on its head were so developed that they formed horns protecting its eyes. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1594x872, 439 KB) Original caption: Gürtelmaus, Chlamydophorus truncatus Harl. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1594x872, 439 KB) Original caption: Gürtelmaus, Chlamydophorus truncatus Harl. ... Binomial name Harlan, 1825 The Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or Pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo (mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell). ... Binomial name Chlamyphorus truncatus Harlan, 1825 The Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or Pichiciego is a species of armadillo (small mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell). ... Binomial name Harlan, 1825 The Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or Pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo (mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell). ... Binomial name Euphractus sexcinctus (Kerr, 1792) Yellow Armadillo or Six-banded Armadillo, Euphractus sexcinctus, is a species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Euphractus sexcinctus (Kerr, 1792) Yellow Armadillo or Six-banded Armadillo, Euphractus sexcinctus, is a species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Zaedyus pichiy Pichi or Dwarf Armadillo is a small armadillo that is the only member the genus Zaedyus. ... Binomial name Zaedyus pichiy Pichi or Dwarf Armadillo is a small armadillo that is the only member the genus Zaedyus. ... Species Cabassous centralis Cabassous chacoensis Cabassous unicinctus Cabassous tatouay Cabassous is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name Cabassous centralis (Miller, 1899) The Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo (Cabassous centralis) is a species of armadillo. ... Binomial name Wetzel, 1980 The Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo (Cabassous chacoensis) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name Cabassous unicinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous unicinctus, is a small species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Cabassous tatouay (Desmarest, 1804) Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous tatouay, is an Armadillo species from South America. ... Binomial name Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) The Giant armadillo, known by the binomial name Priodontes maximus, and its synonym Priodontes giganteus, is the largest species of armadillo. ... Binomial name Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) The Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus) is the largest species of armadillo. ... Binomial name Tolypeutes matacus (Desmarest, 1804) Southern Three-banded Armadillo, Tolypeutes matacus, is an Armadillo species from South America. ... Binomial name Tolypeutes tricinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo, Tolypeutes tricinctus, is an armadillo species endemic to Brazil. ...


Armadillos and humans

In science

Armadillos are often used in the study of leprosy, since they, along with mangabey monkeys, rabbits and mice (on their footpads), are among the few known non-human animal species that can contract the disease systemically. They are particularly susceptible due to their unusually low body temperature, which is hospitable to the leprosy bacterium. For the malady found in the Hebrew Bible, see the article Tzaraath. ... Species Lophocebus albigena Lophocebus aterrimus Lophocebus opdenboschi Lophocebus kipunji Cercocebus atys Cercocebus torquatus Cercocebus agilis Cercocebus chrysogaster Cercocebus galeritus Cercocebus sanjei Mangabeys are West-African monkeys, belonging to the either of the genera Cercocebus and Lophocebus. ... Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ... For other uses, see Rabbit (disambiguation). ... This article is about the rodent. ... Binomial name Mycobacterium leprae Hansen, 1874 Mycobacterium leprae, also known as Hansen’s bacillus, is the bacterium that causes leprosy (Hansens disease). ...


The Nine-banded Armadillo also serves science through its unusual reproductive system, in which four genetically identical quadruplets (all the same sex) are born in each litter.[4] [5] [6] Because they are always genetically identical, the group of four young provides a good subject for scientific, behavioral or medical tests that need consistent biological and genetic makeup in the test subjects. This is the only manifestation of polyembryony in the class mammalia, and only exists within the genus Dasypus and not in all armadillos, as is commonly believed. Other species which display this trait include parasitic wasps, certain flatworms and various aquatic invertebrates. [5] Binomial name Linaeus, 1758 The current (as of approximately 2006) range (shaded red), and predicted future range (shaded pink) of the Nine-banded Armadillo The Nine-banded Long-nosed Armadillo or just Nine-banded Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus (also known as the poor mans pig or poverty pig), is a... Polyembryony is the phenomenon of two or more embryos developing from a single fertilized egg (in humans identical twins). ... Orders Subclass Monotremata Monotremata Subclass Marsupialia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Subclass Placentalia Xenarthra Dermoptera Desmostylia Scandentia Primates Rodentia Lagomorpha Insectivora Chiroptera Pholidota Carnivora Perissodactyla Artiodactyla Cetacea Afrosoricida Macroscelidea Tubulidentata Hyracoidea Proboscidea Sirenia The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals primarily characterized by the presence of mammary... Species Dasypus novemcinctus Dasypus septemcinctus Dasypus hybridus Dasypus sabanicola Dasypus kappleri Dasypus pilosus †Dasypus bellus Dasypus is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ...


Armadillos (mainly Dasypus) make common roadkill due to their habit of jumping to about fender height when startled (such as by an oncoming car). Wildlife enthusiasts are using the northward march of the armadillo as an opportunity to educate others about the animals, which can be a burrowing nuisance to property owners and managers.[4] Choppers often have stylized fenders Fender is the US English term for the part of an automobile, motorcycle or other vehicle body that frames a wheel well. ...


In American culture

During the Great Depression, this species was known as "Hoover Hog" by down-on-their luck Americans who had to eat them instead of the "chicken in every pot" Herbert Hoover had promised as President.[7] Earlier, German settlers in Texas would often refer to the armadillo as Panzerschwein ("armored pig"). In 1995, The Nine-banded Armadillo was, with some resistance, made the state small mammal of Texas,[8] where it is considered a pest and is often seen dead on the roadside. They first forayed into Texas across the Rio Grande from Mexico in the 1800s, eventually spreading across the southeast United States.[7] For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... “Río Bravo” redirects here. ...


Notes

  1. ^ a b Dickman, Christopher R. (1984). in Macdonald, D.: The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File, 781-783. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 
  2. ^ How high can a nine-banded armadillo jump? (Everyday Mysteries: Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress)
  3. ^ Armadillos - Nine-Banded Armadillo - Texas Wildlife
  4. ^ a b The Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)
  5. ^ a b http://www.valdosta.edu/~jloughry/Reprints/AmSci.pdf
  6. ^ http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0033-5770(193309)8%3A3%3C348%3APITAGO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Q
  7. ^ a b Armadillo from the Handbook of Texas Online
  8. ^ Texas Symbols, Small Mammal: Armadillo - SHG Resources. Accessed March 2, 20088.

The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Gardner, Alfred (November 16, 2005). in Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds): Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, 94-99. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 

External links

Wikispecies has information related to:
Armadillo
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Armadillo
  • Photographs of armadillo rolling into a ball
Image File history File links Wikispecies-logo. ... Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species (including animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protista). ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... Phyla Subkingdom Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subkingdom Agnotozoa Placozoa Orthonectida Rhombozoa Subkingdom Metazoa Radiata Cnidaria Ctenophora - Comb jellies Bilateria Protostomia Acoelomorpha Platyhelminthes - Flatworms Nemertina - Ribbon worms Gastrotricha Gnathostomulida - Jawed worms Micrognathozoa Rotifera - Rotifers Acanthocephala Priapulida Kinorhyncha Loricifera Entoprocta Nematoda - Roundworms Nematomorpha - Horsehair worms Cycliophora Mollusca - Mollusks Sipuncula - Peanut worms Annelida - Segmented... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Typical classes Petromyzontidae (lampreys) Placodermi - extinct Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish) Acanthodii - extinct Actinopterygii (ray-finned fish) Actinistia (coelacanths) Dipnoi (lungfish) Amphibia (amphibians) Reptilia (reptiles) Aves (birds) Mammalia (mammals) Vertebrata is a subphylum of chordates, specifically, those with backbones or spinal columns. ... Extant subgroups Synapsida     Mammalia (mammals) Sauropsida    Anapsida        Testudines (turtles)    Diapsida        Lepidosauria           Squamata (lizards and snakes)           Sphenodontida (tuatara)        Archosauria           Crocodilia (crocodiles and alligators)           Aves (birds) The amniotes are a group of vertebrates, comprising the mammals, birds, and various other groups collectively referred to as reptiles. ... The Australosphenida are a sub-class of mammals which has nearly entirely died out. ... Families †Kollikodontidae Ornithorhynchidae Tachyglossidae †Steropodontidae Monotremes (from the Greek monos single + trema hole, referring to the cloaca) are mammals that lay eggs (Prototheria) instead of giving birth to live young like marsupials (Metatheria) and placental mammals (Eutheria). ... Metatheria is a grouping within the animal class Mammalia. ... Genera Several; see text Opossum fur is quite soft. ... Genera  Caenolestes  Lestoros  Rhyncholestes The biological order Paucituberculata contains the five surviving species of shrew opossum: small, shrew-like marsupials which are confined to the Andes mountains of South America. ... Binomial name Dromiciops australis Thomas, 1894 The Monito del Monte (little mountain monkey, Dromiciops australis) is a semi-arboreal South American marsupial which is thought to be more closely related to the marsupials of Australasia than to those of the Americas. ... Species The marsupial moles are rare and poorly understood burrowing mammals of the deserts of western Australia. ... Families †Thylacinidae Dasyuridae Myrmecobiidae The order Dasyuromorphia (meaning hairy tail[1]) is made up of most carnivorous marsupials, including quolls, dunnarts, the Numbat, the Tasmanian Devil, and the recently extinct Thylacine. ... Families Thylacomyidae †Chaeropodidae Peramelidae The order Peramelemorphia includes the bandicoots and bilbies: it equates approximately to the mainstream of marsupial omnivores. ... Suborders Vombatiformes Phalangeriformes Macropodiformes Diprotodontia is a large taxon of about 120 marsupial mammals including the kangaroos, wallabies, possums, Koala, wombats, and many others. ... Orders[1] Bobolestes Eomaia Maelestes Montanalestes Murtoilestes Prokennalestes Placentalia Superorder Xenarthra: Cingulata (Armadillos) Pilosa (Sloths, True Anteaters) Superorder Afrotheria: Afrosoricida (Tenrecs, etc. ... Families  Chrysochloridae  Tenrecidae The order Afrosoricida (also known as Tenrecomorpha) contains two families of small mammals that are possibly a part of the traditional order Insectivora. ... Genera  Rhynchocyon  Petrodromus  Macroscelides  Elephantulus The small insectivorous mammals endemic to Africa known as elephant shrews are neither elephants nor shrews and, more formally, are the members of the biological order Macroscelidea. ... For other uses, see Aardvark (disambiguation). ... Genera Procavia Heterohyrax Dendrohyrax A hyrax (from Greek shrewmouse; Afrikaans: klipdassie) is any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. ... Groups Jozaria (extinct) Anthracobunidae (extinct) Moeritheriidae (extinct) Euproboscidea Numidotheriidae (extinct) Barytheriidae (extinct) Deinotheriidae (extinct) Elephantiformes Phiomiidae (extinct) Palaeomastodontidae (extinct) Hemimastodontidae (extinct) Euelephantoidea Choerolophodontidae (extinct) Amebelodontidae (extinct) Gnathabelodontidae (extinct) Gomphotheriidae (extinct) Elephantidae Mammutidae (extinct) Proboscidea is an order containing only one family of living animals, Elephantidae, the elephants, with three species... Families Dugongidae Trichechidae Hydrochichus (extinct) For information about the Gothic metal band, see Sirenia (band) The Sirenia are fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries and coastal marine waters. ... Families Bradypodidae Megalonychidae Cyclopedidae Myrmecophagidae The order Pilosa is a group of placental mammals, extant today only in the Americas. ... Families Tupaiidae Ptilocercidae The treeshrews are small mammals native to the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. ... Species  Cynocephalus varigatus  Cynocephalus volans Colugos are arboreal gliding mammals found in South-east Asia. ... Families 15, See classification A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents, characterised by two continuously-growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing. ... Families Leporidae Ochotonidae Prolagidae (extinct) The Lagomorphs, order Lagomorpha, are an order of mammals of which there are two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). ... Subfamily Erinaceinae Hylomyinae Erinaceidae is a family in the order of the Insectivora. ... Families Nesophontidae Solenodontidae Soricidae Talpidae The order Soricomorpha is a biological clade within the class of mammals. ... “Chiroptera” redirects here. ... Manis redirects here. ... Families 17, See classification The diverse order Carnivora (IPA: or ; from Latin carō (stem carn-) flesh, + vorāre to devour) includes over 260 species of placental mammals. ... Families Equidae Tapiridae Rhinocerotidae Brontotheriidae (extinct) Chalicotheriidae (extinct) Hyracodontidae (extinct) Palaeotheriidae (extinct) Amynodontidae (extinct) The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals that comprise the order Perissodactyla. ... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Camelidae Cervidae Giraffidae Hippopotamidae Moschidae Suidae Tayassuidae Tragulidae Leptochoeridae † Chaeropotamidae † Dichobunidae † Cebochoeridae † Entelodontidae † Anoplotheriidae † Anthracotheriidae † Cainotheriidae † Agriochoeridae † Merycoidodontidae † Leptomerycidae † Protoceratidae † Xiphodontidae † Amphimerycidae † Helohyidae † Gelocidae † Merycodontidae † Dromomerycidae † Raoellidae † Choeropotamidae † Sanitheriidae † The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Suborders Mysticeti Odontoceti Archaeoceti (extinct) (see text for families) The order Cetacea (IPA: , L. cetus, whale) includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. ... Phyla Subkingdom Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subkingdom Agnotozoa Placozoa Orthonectida Rhombozoa Subkingdom Metazoa Radiata Cnidaria Ctenophora - Comb jellies Bilateria Protostomia Acoelomorpha Platyhelminthes - Flatworms Nemertina - Ribbon worms Gastrotricha Gnathostomulida - Jawed worms Micrognathozoa Rotifera - Rotifers Acanthocephala Priapulida Kinorhyncha Loricifera Entoprocta Nematoda - Roundworms Nematomorpha - Horsehair worms Cycliophora Mollusca - Mollusks Sipuncula - Peanut worms Annelida - Segmented... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Subclass Monotremata Monotremata Subclass Marsupialia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Subclass Placentalia Xenarthra Dermoptera Desmostylia Scandentia Primates Rodentia Lagomorpha Insectivora Chiroptera Pholidota Carnivora Perissodactyla Artiodactyla Cetacea Afrosoricida Macroscelidea Tubulidentata Hyracoidea Proboscidea Sirenia The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals primarily characterized by the presence of mammary... Orders[1] Bobolestes Eomaia Maelestes Montanalestes Murtoilestes Prokennalestes Placentalia Superorder Xenarthra: Cingulata (Armadillos) Pilosa (Sloths, True Anteaters) Superorder Afrotheria: Afrosoricida (Tenrecs, etc. ... Orders and suborders Order Pilosa Suborder Vermilingua Suborder Folivora Order Cingulata See text for more details The superorder Xenarthra is a group of placental mammals (infraclass Eutheria), extant today only in the Americas. ... Species Dasypus novemcinctus Dasypus septemcinctus Dasypus hybridus Dasypus sabanicola Dasypus kappleri Dasypus pilosus †Dasypus bellus Dasypus is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Species Dasypus novemcinctus Dasypus septemcinctus Dasypus hybridus Dasypus sabanicola Dasypus kappleri Dasypus pilosus †Dasypus bellus Dasypus is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name Linaeus, 1758 The current (as of approximately 2006) range (shaded red), and predicted future range (shaded pink) of the Nine-banded Armadillo The Nine-banded Long-nosed Armadillo or just Nine-banded Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus (also known as the poor mans pig or poverty pig), is a... Binomial name Dasypus septemcinctus (Kerr, 1792) Seven-banded Long-nosed Armadillo or just Seven-banded Armadillo, Dasypus septemcinctus, is a species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Dasypus hybridus (Desmarest, 1804) Southern Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus hybridus, is an Armadillo species from South America. ... Binomial name Krauss, 1862 The Great Long-nosed Armadillo, Dasypus kappleri, is a species of armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name (Fitzinger, 1856) The Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo (Dasypus pilosus) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name (Burmeister, 1863) The Greater Fairy Armadillo (Calyptophractus retusus), also known as Burmeisters Armadillo or the Chacoan Fairy Armadillo, is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name (Burmeister, 1863) The Greater Fairy Armadillo (Calyptophractus retusus), also known as Burmeisters Armadillo or the Chacoan Fairy Armadillo, is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Species Chaetophractus vellerosus Chaetophractus villosus Chaetophractus nationi Chaetophractus is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name (Gray, 1865) The Screaming Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus vellerosus) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name (Desmarest, 1804) The Big Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... The Andean hairy armadillo is present in Bolivia, in the region of the Puna, the departments of Oruro, La Paz, Cochabamba (Gardner, 1993), Nowark (1991) quotes as distribution area Bolivia and the north of Chile, nevertheless, does not exist assertion of populations of this one species in Chile. ... Binomial name Harlan, 1825 The Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or Pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo (mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell). ... Binomial name Harlan, 1825 The Pink Fairy Armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or Pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo (mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell). ... Binomial name Euphractus sexcinctus (Kerr, 1792) Yellow Armadillo or Six-banded Armadillo, Euphractus sexcinctus, is a species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Euphractus sexcinctus (Kerr, 1792) Yellow Armadillo or Six-banded Armadillo, Euphractus sexcinctus, is a species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Zaedyus pichiy Pichi or Dwarf Armadillo is a small armadillo that is the only member the genus Zaedyus. ... Binomial name Zaedyus pichiy Pichi or Dwarf Armadillo is a small armadillo that is the only member the genus Zaedyus. ... Species Cabassous centralis Cabassous chacoensis Cabassous unicinctus Cabassous tatouay Cabassous is a genus of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name Cabassous centralis (Miller, 1899) The Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo (Cabassous centralis) is a species of armadillo. ... Binomial name Wetzel, 1980 The Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo (Cabassous chacoensis) is a species of armadillo in the Dasypodidae family. ... Binomial name Cabassous unicinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous unicinctus, is a small species of Armadillo from South America. ... Binomial name Cabassous tatouay (Desmarest, 1804) Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo, Cabassous tatouay, is an Armadillo species from South America. ... Binomial name Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) The Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus) is the largest species of armadillo. ... Binomial name Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) The Giant Armadillo (Priodontes maximus) is the largest species of armadillo. ... Binomial name Tolypeutes matacus (Desmarest, 1804) Southern Three-banded Armadillo, Tolypeutes matacus, is an Armadillo species from South America. ... Binomial name Tolypeutes tricinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo, Tolypeutes tricinctus, is an armadillo species endemic to Brazil. ...

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Armadillo Run (553 words)
Armadillo Run has been nominated for the Game Tunnel Player's Choice Award, where players vote for their favourite game of 2006.
Armadillo Run is back on sale, many apologies for the inconvenience caused during the upgrade.
Armadillo Run will be unavailable to buy for the next couple of days while the web server is upgraded.
Armadillos | The Humane Society of the United States (749 words)
Although armadillos have several unique characteristics that distinguish them from other mammals, the more than 2,000 bony scales that cover the head, legs, and back are their most notable features.
Armadillos range throughout the south-central and southeastern United States and may now be found as far north as Oklahoma and Arkansas.
Armadillo kits are born fully developed, but it takes several weeks for the pink leathery skin to harden into its lifelong protective covering.
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