FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
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Encyclopedia > Arizona
State of Arizona
Flag of Arizona State seal of Arizona
Flag of Arizona Seal
Nickname(s): The Grand Canyon State,
The Copper State
Motto(s): Ditat Deus ("God enriches")
Before Statehood Known as
The Arizona Territory
Official language(s) English
Spoken language(s) English 74.1%,
Spanish 19.5%,
Navajo 1.9%
Demonym Arizonan
Capital Phoenix
Largest city Phoenix
Largest metro area Phoenix Metropolitan Area
Area  Ranked 6th in the US
 - Total 113,998 sq mi
(295,254 km²)
 - Width 310 miles (500 km)
 - Length 400 miles (645 km)
 - % water 0.32
 - Latitude 31° 20′ N to 37° N
 - Longitude 109° 3′ W to 114° 49′ W
Population  Ranked 16th in the US
 - Total 6,338,666
 - Density 45.2/sq mi 
17.43/km² (36th in the US)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Humphreys Peak[1]
12,633 ft  (3,851 m)
 - Mean 4,100 ft  (1,250 m)
 - Lowest point Colorado River[1]
70 ft  (22 m)
Admission to Union  February 14, 1912 (48th)
Governor Janet Napolitano (D)
Lieutenant Governor None[2]
U.S. Senators John McCain (R)
Jon Kyl (R)
Congressional Delegation List
Time zones  
 - Most of State Mountain: UTC-7
 - Navajo Nation Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations AZ Ariz. US-AZ
Website www.az.gov
Arizona State Symbols
Living Symbols
 -Amphibian Arizona Tree Frog
 -Bird Cactus Wren
 -Butterfly Two-tailed Swallowtail
 -Fish Apache trout
 -Flower Saguaro Cactus blossom
 -Insect Two-tailed Swallowtail
 -Mammal Ring-tailed Cat
 -Reptile Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake
 -Tree Palo verde
Colors Blue, Old Gold
Fossil Petrified wood
Gemstone Turquoise
Mineral Fire Agate
Rock Petrified wood
Ship(s) USS Arizona
Slogan(s) The Grand Canyon State
Soil Casa Grande
Song(s) Arizona, Arizona March Song
Route Marker(s)
Arizona Route Marker
Quarter
Arizona quarter
2008
See Also
Arizona Portal

The State of Arizona (IPA: /ˌeɪrɪˈzoʊnə/) is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States of America. The capital and largest city is Phoenix. The five next largest cities are Tucson, Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, and Scottsdale[3]. Arizona was the 48th and last of the contiguous states admitted to the Union on February 14, 1912.[4] Arizona is noted for its desert climate, exceptionally hot summers and mild winters, but the high country in the north features pine forests and mountain ranges with cooler weather than the lower deserts. New population figures for the year ending July 1, 2006 indicate that Arizona was at that time the fastest growing state in the United States, exceeding the growth of the previous leader, Nevada. Image File history File links Flag_of_Arizona. ... Image File history File links State Seal of Arizona from US Mission to Germany This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... See also: Arizona flag history Categories: Stub | U.S. state flags | Arizona ... The Arizona State Seal was adopted in 1911. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Ditat Deus (Latin God enriches) is a state motto of Arizona. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_AZ.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Arizona ... The United States does not have an official language, but English is spoken by about 82% of the population as a native language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... // Although the United States currently has no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the de facto national language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Reading Adahooniigii — The Navajo Language Monthly Navajo or Navaho (native name: Diné bizaad) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken in the southwest United States by the Navajo people (Diné). It is geographically and linguistically one of the Southern Athabaskan languages (the majority of Athabaskan languages are spoken... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... “km” redirects here. ... Map of states populations (2007) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2007, according to the 2007 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... Humphreys Peak is the highest point in the U.S. state of Arizona and is located in Coconino County. ... The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin Horseshoe Bend is a horseshoe-shaped meander of the Colorado River located near the town of Page, Arizona The Colorado River is... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Janet Napolitano (b. ... This is a complete and current List of United States Lieutenant Governors. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... McCain redirects here. ... This page is about the current Arizona Senator; for his father, a U.S. Representative from Iowa, see John Kyl; for a U.S. Representative from Mississippi with a similar name, see John Kyle. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... These are complete tables of congressional delegations from Arizona to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... UTC redirects here. ... Map of the Navajo Nation The Navajo Nation (Diné in Navajo language) encompasses all things important to the Navajo. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for the United States of America cover 50 states, 1 district, 6 outlying areas (including 9 minor outlying islands under separate ISO 3166-1 country code UM). ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This is a list of official U.S. state amphibians. ... There are two species of tree frog commonly referred to as the Arizona Tree Frog: Mountain Tree Frog, Hyla eximia - the official Arizona state amphibian. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Lafresnaye, 1835 The Cactus Wren or Saguaro Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) is the largest North American wren, and is 18-23 cm (7-9 inches) long. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into List of U.S. state insects. ... The Two-Tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata) is a large North American butterfly. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus apache Miller, 1972 The Apache trout or Arizona trout (Oncorhynchus apache) is a species of freshwater fish in the salmon family (family Salmonidae) of order Salmoniformes. ... This is a list of U.S. state flowers: List of U.S. state trees Lists of U.S. state insignia ^ State Flower of Alabama. ... For the Palm OS program, see Saguaro(Palm OS). ... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state butterflies be merged into this article or section. ... The Two-Tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata) is a large North American butterfly. ... A state mammal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... This is a list of official U.S. state reptiles: Lists of U.S. state insignia ^ Official Alabama Reptile. ... Binomial name Crotalus willardi Meek, 1905 Crotalus willardi is a small venomous rattlesnake species commonly known as the ridge-nosed rattlesnake. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: | | ... This article is about the desert plant, for the city in California see Palo Verde, California, and for the power plant in Arizona, see Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station. ... This is a list of U.S. state colors:[1] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... This article is about the colour. ... Old Gold is a dark yellow, which varies from light olive or olive brown to deep or strong yellow. ... Though every state in the United States has a State Bird and a State Flower, not every state in the United States has a State Fossil. ... Petrified log at the Petrified Forest National Park A petrified tree from California Petrified wood is a type of fossil: it consists of fossil wood where all the organic materials have been replaced with minerals (most often a silicate, such as quartz), while retaining the original structure of the wood. ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... For other uses, see Turquoise (disambiguation). ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... Fire Agate is a layered stone. ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... Petrified log at the Petrified Forest National Park A petrified tree from California Petrified wood is a type of fossil: it consists of fossil wood where all the organic materials have been replaced with minerals (most often a silicate, such as quartz), while retaining the original structure of the wood. ... This is a list of offical state ships as designated by each states legislature. ... A total of three ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Arizona. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... This is a list of official U.S. state soils: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Forty-nine states of the United States (all except New Jersey) have one or more state songs, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... Highways in the United States are split into at least four different types of systems. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... These are lists of U.S. state insignia as designated by tradition or the respective state legislatures List of U.S. state amphibians List of U.S. state beverages List of U.S. state birds List of U.S. state butterflies List of U.S. state colors List of U... Image File history File links Portal. ... Arizona may refer to: // Arizona, a state in the U.S. Arizona City, Arizona, in the U.S. Arizona, Atlántida, in Honduras University of Arizona Arizona State University Northern Arizona University A total of three ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Arizona: the steamship... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Tucson (pronounced ) is the seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 miles (98 km) north of the U.S.-Mexico border. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City  125. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about arid terrain. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ...


Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. It borders New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, touches Colorado, and has a 389 mi (626 km) international border with the states of Sonora and Baja California in Mexico. In addition to the Grand Canyon, many other national forests, parks, monuments, and Indian reservations are located in the state. The Four Corners region is in the red area on this map The Four Corners Monument, placed by the Interior Department at the exact point. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... “km” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Border (disambiguation). ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... Grand Canyon National Park is one of the United States oldest national parks and is located in Arizona. ... This article is on national forests in the United States. ... All United States parks designated National Parks and most National Monuments are maintained by the United States National Park Service which also maintains several other types of protected areas of the United States: National Parks (See also List of U.S. national parks by state, List of U.S. national... All United States parks designated National Parks and most National Monuments are maintained by the United States National Park Service which also maintains several other types of protected areas of the United States: National Parks (See also List of U.S. national parks by state, List of U.S. national... This article is about Native Americans. ...

Contents

Geography

The North Rim of the Grand Canyon.

Arizona is located in the Western United States as one of the Four Corners states. Arizona is the sixth largest state in area, after New Mexico and before Nevada. Of the state's 118,000 square miles (306,000 km²), approximately 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, recreation areas and Native American reservations. List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Arizona Black River Colorado River Gila River Little Colorado River Salt River White River Verde River See also List of rivers in the United States Categories: Lists of rivers | U.S. rivers | Arizona rivers ... The qualifications for this List of Arizona lakes is that the lake contains sports fish, are open to the public and are managed by Arizona Game and Fish. ... This is a list of state parks in the U.S. state of Arizona, operated by Arizona State Parks. ... Areas controlled by the National Park System include: Canyon De Chelly National Monument in Chinle Casa Grande Ruins National Monument near Coolidge Chiricahua National Monument at Willcox Coronado National Memorial in Hereford Fort Bowie National Historic Site in Willcox Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Grand Canyon National Park Hohokam Pima... This is a list of all the National Forests in the United States. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 550 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) North Rim of the Grand Canyon by David Jolley 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 550 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) North Rim of the Grand Canyon by David Jolley 2005. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The Four Corners region is in the red area on this map The Four Corners Monument, placed by the Interior Department at the exact point. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ...


Arizona is best known for its desert landscape, which is rich in xerophyte plants such as cactus. It is also known for its climate, which presents exceptionally hot summers and mild winters. Less well known is the pine-covered high country of the Colorado Plateau in the north-central portion of the state, which contrasts with the desert Basin and Range region in the southern portions of the state. This article is about arid terrain. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A xerophyte describes a plant that has structural (xeromorphic) and physiological adaptations which enable them to survive, or even thrive, in areas with very little free moisture. ... Subfamilies Cactoideae Maihuenioideae Opuntioideae Pereskioideae See also taxonomy of the Cactaceae A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is any member of the succulent plant family Cactaceae, native to the Americas. ... The Colorado Plateau, also called the Colorado Plateaus Province, is a physiographic region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States. ... Basin and Range index map - USGS The Basin and Range Province is a particular type of topography that covers much of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico that is typified by elongate north-south trending arid valleys bounded by mountain ranges which also bound adjacent valleys. ...


Like other states of the Southwest, Arizona has an abundance of topographical characteristics in addition to its desert climate. More than half of the state features mountains and plateaus and contains the largest stand of Ponderosa pine in the world.[citation needed] The Mogollon Rim, a 2000-foot (600 m) escarpment, cuts across the central section of the state and marks the southwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau, where the state experienced its worst forest fire ever in 2002. Arizona belongs firmly within the Basin and Range region of North America. The region was shaped by prehistoric volcanism, followed by a cooling-off and related subsidence. The entire region is slowly sinking. Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... Mount Cook, a mountain in New Zealand A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... For alternate uses of the term, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a widespread and very variable pine native to western North America. ... The Mogollon Rim is a topographical and geological feature running across Arizona, extending approximately 400 miles (650 km) from northern Yavapai County eastward to the Mogollon Mountains in southwest New Mexico. ... In geology, an escarpment is a transition zone between different physiogeographic provinces that involves an elevation differential, often involving high cliffs. ... Rodeo Chediski fires in Arizona from space The Rodeo-Chediski fire burned in east-central Arizona beginning on June 18, 2002, and was not controlled until July 7. ... This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... A road destroyed by subsidence and shear. ...


The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona. The canyon is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and is largely contained in the Grand Canyon National Park—one of the first national parks in the United States. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of designating the Grand Canyon area, visiting on numerous occasions to hunt mountain lion and enjoy the scenery. This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ... The seven wonders of the world are usually taken to be the seven wonders of the ancient world, the name of a list of the most impressive achievements of ancient civilizations in the east of the Mediterranean world. ... Grand Canyon National Park is one of the United States oldest national parks and is located in Arizona. ... This article is about national parks. ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) The puma (Puma concolor) is a type of large cat found in North, Central and South America. ...


The Canyon was created by the Colorado River cutting a channel over millions of years, and is about 277 miles (446 km) long, ranges in width from 4 to 18 miles (6 to 29 kilometers) and attains a depth of more than 1 mile (1.6 km). Nearly 2 billion years of the Earth's history has been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut through layer after layer of sediment as the Colorado Plateaus have uplifted. The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin Horseshoe Bend is a horseshoe-shaped meander of the Colorado River located near the town of Page, Arizona The Colorado River is... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... The Colorado Plateau, also called the Colorado Plateaus Province, is a physiographic region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States. ...


Arizona is home to one of the largest and most well-preserved meteorite impact sites in the world. The Barringer Meteorite Crater (better known simply as "Meteor Crater") is a gigantic hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau, about 25 miles (40 km) west of Winslow. A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the surrounding plain. The crater itself is nearly a mile wide, and 570 feet (174 m) deep. For meteorite-created craters in general, see Impact crater. ... Winslow (Navajo Béésh Sinil or Béésinil) is a city located in Navajo County, Arizona. ...


Arizona does not observe Daylight Saving Time, except in the Navajo Nation, located in the northeastern region of the state. Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Map of the Navajo Nation The Navajo Nation (Diné in Navajo language) encompasses all things important to the Navajo. ...


Climate

Due to its large area and variations in elevation, the state has a wide variety of localized climate conditions. In the lower elevations, the climate is primarily desert, with mild winters and hot summers. Typically, from late fall to early spring, the weather is mild, averaging a minimum of 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15 °C). November through February are the coldest months with temperatures typically ranging from 40–75 °F (4–24 °C), although occasional frosts are not uncommon. About midway through February, the temperatures start to rise again with warm days, and cool breezy nights. The summer months of May through July bring a dry heat ranging from 90–120 °F (32–48 °C), with occasional high temperatures exceeding 125 °F (52 °C) having been observed in the desert area. For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ...


Due to the primarily dry climate, large temperature swings often occur between day and night in less developed areas of the desert. The swings can be as large as 50 °F (28 °C) in the summer months. In the state's urban centers, the effects of local warming result in much higher measured nighttime lows than in the recent past. Look up urban in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tokyo, a case of Urban Heat Island. ...


Arizona has an average annual rainfall of 12.7 inches (322 mm),[5] which comes during two rainy seasons, with cold fronts coming from the Pacific Ocean during the winter and a monsoon in the summer.[6] The monsoon season occurs towards the end of summer. In July or August, the dewpoint rises dramatically for a brief period. During this time,the air contains large amounts of water vapor. Dewpoints as high as 81°F (27 °C) [7] have been recorded during the Phoenix monsoon season. This hot moisture brings lightning, thunderstorms, wind, and torrential, if usually brief, downpours. It is rare for tornadoes and hurricanes to occur in Arizona, but there are records of both occurring. An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... In meteorology, a weather front is a boundary between two air masses with differing characteristics (e. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... The dew point or dewpoint of a given parcel of air is the temperature to which the parcel must be cooled, at constant barometric pressure, for the water vapor component to condense into water, called dew. ... Water vapor or water vapour (see spelling differences), also aqueous vapor, is the gas phase of water. ... Not to be confused with lighting. ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... The remnants of Hurricane Nora over the Southwestern United States An Arizona hurricane is a tropical cyclone originating in the eastern Pacific Ocean that affects the state of Arizona in the United States. ...


However, the northern third of Arizona is a plateau at significantly higher altitudes than the lower desert, and has an appreciably cooler climate, with cold winters and mild summers. Extreme cold temperatures are not unknown; cold air systems from the northern states and Canada occasionally push into the state, bringing temperatures below 0 °F (–18 °C) to the higher parts of the state. For other meanings, see Plateau (disambiguation). ...


Indicative of the variation in climate, Arizona is the state which has both the metropolitan area with the most days over 100 °F (37.8 °C) (Phoenix), and the metropolitan area in the lower 48 states with nearly the most days with a low temperature below freezing (Flagstaff).[8] Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Nickname: Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Coconino County Government  - Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area  - City  98. ...

Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Arizona Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flagstaff 43/17 46/19 50/23 58/27 68/34 79/41 82/50 80/49 74/42 63/31 51/22 44/17
Phoenix 65/43 69/47 74/51 83/58 92/66 102/75 104/81 102/80 97/75 86/63 73/50 65/44
Tucson 65/39 68/42 73/45 82/51 90/59 100/68 100/73 97/72 94/68 84/57 72/45 65/39
Winslow 47/21 54/26 62/31 70/37 79/45 90/54 93/62 90/61 84/53 72/40 58/29 47/21
Yuma 69/43 74/47 79/51 86/57 94/64 103/72 107/80 105/80 101/73 90/62 77/49 68/42
Source: US National Climatic Data Center[1]

History

Main article: History of Arizona

There is some disagreement over the proper etymology of the name "Arizona." The two most likely explanations are that it derives from a Basque phrase aritz onak, "good oaks,"[9][10] or that it comes from an O'odham phrase alĭ ṣonak, "small spring".[11] The former etymology is the one preferred by Arizona state historian Marshall Trimble, among other specialists. The name Arizonac was initially applied to the silver mining camp, and later (shortened to Arizona) to the entire territory. The first Native Americans arrived in Arizona between 16,000 BC and 10,000 BCE, while the history of Arizona as recorded by Europeans began when Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan, explored the area in 1539. ... Etymologies redirects here. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... Oodham (often referred to by the names of its two nearly-identical main dialect groupings, Papago (Tohono) and Pima (Akimel)) is an Uto-Aztecan language of Southern Arizona and northern Sonora where the Tohono Oodham and Pima reside. ...


Meeting its original native inhabitants, probably the Sobaipuri, Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, explored the area in 1539. The expedition of Spanish explorer Coronado entered the area in 1540–42 during its search for Cíbola. Society of Jesus Father Kino developed a chain of missions and taught the Indians Christianity in Pimería Alta (now southern Arizona and northern Sonora) in the 1690s and early 1700s. Spain founded fortified towns (presidios) at Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775. When Mexico achieved its independence from Spain in 1821, what is now Arizona became part of the Mexican State Nueva California, also known as Alta California.[12] In the Mexican–American War (1847), the U.S. occupied Mexico City and forced the newly founded Mexican Republic to give up its northern territories, including the later Arizona. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) specified that the U.S. pay Mexico the sum of $15 Million US in compensation.[13] In 1853 the land below the Gila River was acquired from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase. Arizona was administered as part of the Territory of New Mexico until southern New Mexico seceded[14] from the Union as the Confederate Territory of Arizona on March 16, 1861. Arizona was recognized as a Confederate Territory by presidential proclamation by Jefferson Davis on February 12, 1862. This is the first official use of the name. A new Arizona Territory, consisting of the western half of New Mexico Territory was declared in Washington, D.C. on February 24, 1863. The new boundaries would later form the basis of the state. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Sobaipuri Indians were an Upper Piman group who occupied southern Arizona and northern Sonora (the Pimería Alta) in the 1400-1800s. ... This was left by Marcos de Niza in 1539 at what is now Phoenix South_Mountain_Park Marcos de Niza (c. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Coronado Sets Out to the North, by Frederic Remington, 1861-1909 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (c. ... Quivira and Cíbola are two of the fantastic Seven Cities of Gold existing only in a myth that originated around the year 1150 when the Moors conquered Mérida, Spain. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Bronze by Suzanne Silvercruys. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... An area of 18th century New Spain, the Pimería Alta (upper land of the Pimas) encompassed modern southern Arizona in the United States and northern Sonora in Mexico. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 18,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded... The Gila River, a tributary of the Colorado, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Gila River (Oodham [Pima]: Hila Akimel) is a tributary of the Colorado River, 630 mile (1,014 km) long, in the southwestern United States. ... The Gadsden Purchase (shown with present-day state boundaries and cities) The Gadsden Purchase (known as Venta de La Mesilla in Mexico) is a 45,535 mi² (76,770 km²) region of what is today southern Arizona and New Mexico that was purchased by the United States from Mexico in... The New Mexico Territory became an organized territory of the United States on September 9, 1850, and it existed until New Mexico became the 47th state on January 6, 1912. ... Territories in Arizona and New Mexico in 1863. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Jefferson Davis (disambiguation). ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about 1862 . ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Other names including "Gadsonia", "Pimeria", "Montezuma", "Arizuma", and "Arizonia" had been considered for the territory,[15] however when President Lincoln signed the final bill, it read "Arizona", and the name became permanent. (Montezuma was not the Mexican Emperor, but the sacred name of a divine hero to the Pueblo people of the Gila valley, and was probably considered — and rejected — for its sentimental value, before the name "Arizona" was settled upon.) For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Montezuma was the name of a hero-god in the mythology of certain Indian tribes of the Southwest United States, notably the Tohono Oodham, Apache, and Pueblo — not to be confused with the two historical Aztec Emperors of the same name in Mexico, Moctezuma I and Moctezuma II. In... It has been suggested that Pueblo be merged into this article or section. ... Gila may refer to: Gila, a genus of cyprinid fish known as chubs Gila monster, a venomous lizard Gila County, Arizona Gila river, a Colorado tributary Gila trout Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, a national monument in New Mexico Gila Desert, the informal name of Sonoran Desert Gila Woodpecker, a...


Brigham Young sent Mormons to Arizona in the mid-to-late 19th century. They founded Mesa, Snowflake, Heber, Safford and other towns. They also settled in the Phoenix Valley (or "Valley of the Sun"), Tempe, Prescott, among other areas. The Mormons settled what became known as Northern Arizona and northern New Mexico, but these areas were located in a part of the former New Mexico Territory. The largest ancestry of these settlers is German American. For other uses, see Brigham Young (disambiguation). ... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City  125. ... Snowflake is a town in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. ... Heber-Overgaard is a census-designated place located in Navajo County, Arizona. ... Safford is a city in Graham County, Arizona, United States. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, locally known as the Valley of the Sun (or Phoenix Valley), is a metropolitan area that includes Phoenix, Arizona, the rest of Maricopa County, and Pinal County. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Prescott (pronounced by some locals as press-kit instead of press-cot) is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 40,360. ... Northern Arizona is dominated by the Colorado Plateau, the southern border of which in Arizona is called the Mogollon Rim. ... The New Mexico Territory became an organized territory of the United States on September 9, 1850, and it existed until New Mexico became the 47th state on January 6, 1912. ... German Americans are citizens of the United States of German ancestry. ...


Arizona became a U.S. state on February 14, 1912, Arizona was the 48th state admitted into the U.S. and the last of the contiguous states admitted. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ...

A sunset in the Arizona desert near Scottsdale. The climate and imagery are two factors behind Arizona's tourism industry.
A sunset in the Arizona desert near Scottsdale. The climate and imagery are two factors behind Arizona's tourism industry.

Cotton farming and copper mining, two of Arizona's most important statewide industries, suffered heavily during the Great Depression, but it was during the 1920s and 1930s that tourism began to be the important Arizona industry it is today. Dude ranches such as the K L Bar and Remuda in Wickenburg, along with the Flying V and Tanque Verde in Tucson, gave tourists the chance to experience the flavor and life of the "old West." Several upscale hotels and resorts opened during this period, some of which are still top tourist draws to this day; they include the Arizona Biltmore Hotel in central Phoenix (opened 1929) and the Wigwam Resort on the west side of the Phoenix area (opened 1936). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1008x736, 241 KB) Summary Taken by me, Scottsdale, Arizona. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1008x736, 241 KB) Summary Taken by me, Scottsdale, Arizona. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Tourist redirects here. ... The Arizona Biltmore Hotel The Arizona Biltmore Hotel is a resort located in Phoenix near 24th Street and Camelback Road. ...


Arizona was the site of German and Italian POW camps during World War II and Japanese US-resident internment camps. However the camps were abolished after World War II. The Phoenix area site was purchased after the war by the Maytag family (of major home appliance fame), and is currently utilized as the Phoenix Zoo. A Japanese American internment camp was located on Mount Lemmon, just outside of the state's southeastern city of Tucson. Another POW camp was located near the Gila River in eastern Yuma County. Because of California's proximity to Japan, a line was drawn somewhat parallel to the California border, and all Japanese residents west of that line were required to reside in the war camps. Grand Avenue, (perhaps because of its similarity to the California border) was chosen as part of that boundary, which resulted in many extended Japanese families being separated; some interned, some free--and some free families, in an odd bid for family values, requested to be interned to stay with their families at a camp built by the original Del Webb Co., a modern manufacturer of large housing developments). Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the defunct appliance company. ... The word appliance has several different areas of meaning, all usually referring to a device with a narrow function: One class of objects includes items that are custom-fitted to an individual for the purpose of correction of a physical or dental problem, such as prosthetic, orthotic appliances and dental... The Phoenix Zoo, opened in 1962, is the largest non-profit zoo in the United States. ... Residents of Japanese ancestry waiting in line for the bus that will transport them to an internment camp. ... View of the telescopes on the Mount Lemmon summit. ... Prisoner of War camps Contents // Categories: Substubs | Prisons and detention centres ... The Gila River, a tributary of the Colorado, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Gila River (Oodham [Pima]: Hila Akimel) is a tributary of the Colorado River, 630 mile (1,014 km) long, in the southwestern United States. ... Yuma County is the name of two counties in the United States: Yuma County, Arizona, and Yuma County, Colorado. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Del Webb (1899 - 1974) was an American real estate developer and sports-team owner who is significant for founding and developing the retirement community of Sun City, Arizona. ...


Arizona's population grew tremendously after World War II, in part because of the development of air conditioning, which made the intense summers more comfortable. According to the Arizona Blue Book (published by the Secretary of State's office each year), the state population in 1910 was 294,353. By 1970, it was 1,752,122. The percentage growth each decade averaged about 20% in the earlier decades and about 60% each decade thereafter. Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ...


The 1960s saw the establishment of retirement communities, special age-restricted subdivisions catering exclusively to the needs of senior citizens who wanted to escape the harsh winters of the Midwest and the Northeast. Sun City, established by developer Del Webb and opened in 1960 was one of the first such communities. Green Valley, south of Tucson, was another such community designed to be a retirement subdivision for Arizona's teachers. (Many of these senior citizens arrive in Arizona each winter and stay only during the winter months; they are referred to as snowbirds.) A retirement community is a very broad, generic term that covers many varieties of housing for retirees and seniors - especially designed or geared for people who no longer work, or restricted to those over a certain age. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Northeastern redirects here. ... Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Del Webb (1899 - 1974) was an American real estate developer and sports-team owner who is significant for founding and developing the retirement community of Sun City, Arizona. ... Green Valley is a census-designated place located in Pima County, Arizona. ...


Three ships named USS Arizona have been named in honor of the state, although only USS Arizona (BB-39) was so named after statehood was achieved. A total of three ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Arizona. ... For the memorial to USS Arizona (BB-39) in Pearl Harbor, see USS Arizona Memorial. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 6,482
1870 9,658 49.0%
1880 40,440 318.7%
1890 88,243 118.2%
1900 122,931 39.3%
1910 204,354 66.2%
1920 334,162 63.5%
1930 435,573 30.3%
1940 499,261 14.6%
1950 749,587 50.1%
1960 1,302,161 73.7%
1970 1,770,900 36.0%
1980 2,718,215 53.5%
1990 3,665,228 34.8%
2000 5,130,632 40.0%
Est. 2007 6,338,755 23.5%

As of 2006, Arizona had an estimated population of 6,166,318,[16] which is an increase of 213,311, or 3.6%, from the prior year and an increase of 1,035,686, or 20.2%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 297,928 people (that is 564,062 births minus 266,134 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 745,944 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 204,661 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 541,283 people. New population figures for the year ending July 1, 2006, indicate that Arizona is the fastest growing state in the United States, with 3.6% population growth since 2005, exceeding the growth of the previous leader, Nevada. More than half (around 58%) of the population of Arizona live in cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants, the highest proportion of any of the 50 states. The center of population of Arizona is located in Maricopa County, in the town of Gilbert.[17] The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ...

Demographics of Arizona (csv)
By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI
AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native — NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
2000 (total population) 89.29% 3.74% 5.81% 2.36% 0.28%
2000 (Hispanic only) 24.13% 0.41% 0.73% 0.19% 0.07%
2005 (total population) 88.74% 4.20% 5.63% 2.75% 0.31%
2005 (Hispanic only) 27.20% 0.58% 0.72% 0.23% 0.08%
Growth 2000–2005 (total population) 15.05% 30.11% 12.25% 35.27% 25.02%
Growth 2000–2005 (non-Hispanic only) 9.32% 25.75% 11.85% 34.75% 22.33%
Growth 2000–2005 (Hispanic only) 30.51% 65.92% 15.01% 41.10% 32.89%

 
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ...

Arizona Population Density Map
Arizona Population Density Map

According to 2006 U.S. Census estimates, Arizona's population is: 59.7% White American, 3.8% African American, 2.4% Asian American, 1.7% mixed, and 29.2% are Hispanics or Latino (of any race). The state has the third highest number (and the sixth highest percentage) of Native Americans of any state in the Union. 286,680 were estimated to live in Arizona, representing more than 10% of the country's total Native American population of 2,752,158. Only California and Oklahoma[18] have more Native Americans. The perimeters of Phoenix, Tucson, Prescott, and Yuma border on Native American reservations. Image File history File links Arizona_population_map. ... Image File history File links Arizona_population_map. ... The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ...


The largest ancestry groups in Arizona are Mexican (21%), German, English, Irish, and Native American. The southern and central parts of the state are heavily Mexican American, especially in Santa Cruz County and Yuma County near the Mexican border. The north-central and northwestern counties are largely inhabited by residents of English ancestry. The northeastern part of Arizona has many American Indians. African Americans have had a relatively small presence in Arizona, but their numbers are increasing due to in-migration from other states, especially California, the Midwest and the Northeast. The African American population of the Phoenix metropolitan area doubled between 1990 and 2005.[19] British Americans are citizens of the British or partial British ancestry. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The ethnonym Mexican-American describes United States citizens of Mexican ancestry (14 million in 2003) and Mexican citizens who reside in the US (10 million in 2003). ... Santa Cruz County is located in the south of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Yuma County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... Regional definitions vary The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States. ...


Arizona is projected to become a minority-majority state by the year 2035, if current population growth trends continue. In 2003, for the first time, there were more Hispanic births in the state than white (non-Hispanic) births. Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ...


As of 2000, 74.16% of Arizona residents age 5 and older speak only English at home and 19.52% speak Spanish. Navajo is the third most spoken language at 1.89%.[20] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Reading Adahooniigii — The Navajo Language Monthly Navajo or Navaho (native name: Diné bizaad) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken in the southwest United States by the Navajo people (Diné). It is geographically and linguistically one of the Southern Athabaskan languages (the majority of Athabaskan languages are spoken...


See also the list of native peoples. Native Americans have inhabited what is now Arizona for thousands of years. ...


Religion

According to a 2008 survey by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, the most common self-reported religious affiliation of Arizona residents are:[21] The Pew Research Center is a fact tank based in Washington, D.C., that provides information on the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the USA and the world. ...

The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Evangelicalism is a theological perspective in Protestant Christianity which identifies with the gospel. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... In the United States, the Mainline churches are those Protestant denominations with moderate theologies which attempt to be open to new ideas and societal changes without abandoning what they consider to be the historical basis of the Christian faith. ... For other uses, see The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (disambiguation). ...

Economy

The 2006 total gross state product was $232 billion. If Arizona (and each of the other US states) were an independent country along with all existing countries (2005), it would have the 61st largest economy in the world (CIA - The World Factbook). This figure gives Arizona a larger economy than such countries as Ireland, Finland, and New Zealand. Arizona currently has the 21st largest economy among states in the United States. As a percentage of its overall budget, Arizona's projected 1.7 billion deficit for '09 is the largest in the country.[22] Gross state product is a measurment of the economic output of a U.S. state or an Australian state. ... This article is about budget deficits. ...


The state's per capita income is $27,232, 39th in the U.S. Arizona had a median household income of $46,693 making it 27th in the country and just shy of the US national median. Early in its history, Arizona's economy relied on the "Five C's": copper (see Copper mining in Arizona), cotton, cattle, citrus, and climate (tourism). At one point Arizona was the largest producer of cotton in the country. Copper is still extensively mined from many expansive open-pit and underground mines, accounting for two-thirds of the nation's output. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The median household income is commonly used to provide data about geographic areas and divides households into two equal segments with the first half of households earning less than the median household income and the other half earning more. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Copper mining in Arizona, a state of the United States, has been a major industry since the 1800s. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... For other uses, see Citrus (disambiguation). ... Tourist redirects here. ...


Employment

The state government is Arizona's largest employer, while Wal-Mart is the state's largest private employer, with 17,343 employees (2008). Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...


Taxation

Arizona collects personal income taxes in five brackets: 2.87%, 3.20%, 3.74%, 4.72% and 5.04%. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income...

Single Tax Rate Joint Tax Rate
0 - $10,000 2.870% 0 - $20,000 2.870%
$10,000 - $25,000 3.200% $20,001 - $50,000 3.200%
$25,000 - $50,000 3.740% $50,001 - $100,000 3.740%
$50,000 - $150,001 4.720% $100,000 - $300,001 4.720%
$150,001 + 5.040% $300,001 + 5.040%

Arizona Transaction Privilege Tax (sales) and Use tax rates generally are 6.3%.


The state rate on transient lodging (hotel/motel) is 7.27%. The state of Arizona does not levy a state tax on food for home consumption or on drugs prescribed by a licensed physician or dentist. However, some cities in Arizona do levy a tax on food for home consumption. For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ... Holiday Inn Great Sign Exterior of a Howard Johnsons motor lodge. ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... X-rays can reveal if a person has cavities Dentistry is the practical application of knowledge of dental science (the science of placement, arrangement, function of teeth) to human beings. ...


All fifteen Arizona counties levy a tax.


Incorporated municipalities also levy transaction privilege taxes which, with the exception of their hotel/motel tax, are generally in the range of 1-to-3%. These added assessments could push the combined sales tax rate to as high as 10.7%. A tax (also known as a dutyor Zakat in islamic economics) is a charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ...


Transportation

Entering Arizona on I-10 from New Mexico
Entering Arizona on I-10 from New Mexico

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1360, 1530 KB) Summary Taken by Wing-Chi Poon on 19th December 2004 while entering Arizona on I-10 from New Mexico (westbound traffic). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1360, 1530 KB) Summary Taken by Wing-Chi Poon on 19th December 2004 while entering Arizona on I-10 from New Mexico (westbound traffic). ... In the U.S. state of Arizona, Interstate 10 is the major east-west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, runs east from California, enters Arizona and continues through Phoenix and Tucson and exits at the border with New Mexico. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ...

Highways

Main interstate routes include Interstate 17, and Interstate 19 running north-south, Interstate 40, Interstate 8, and Interstate 10 running east-west, and a short stretch of Interstate 15 running northeast/southwest through the extreme northwestern corner of the state. In addition, the various urban areas are served by complex networks of state routes and highways, such as the Loop 101, which is part of Phoenix's vast freeway system. Interstate 17 is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Arizona, United States. ... Interstate 19 (abbreviated I-19) is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Arizona, United States. ... Interstate 40, a major east-west route of the Interstate Highway System, has a large span in Arizona connecting sections in California to New Mexico. ... In the U.S. state of Arizona, Interstate 10 is the major east-west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, runs east from California, enters Arizona and continues through Phoenix and Tucson and exits at the border with New Mexico. ... In the U.S. state of Arizona, Interstate 15 passes through Mohave County in the far northwest corner of that state. ... Example Signage from the Arizona State Highway System // Summary Arizonas State Routes are usually abbreviated as SR. History The Arizona State Highway system was introduced on September 9, 1927 by the State Highway Commission (formed on August 11 of the same year). ... State Route 101, or Loop 101, is a 61-mile (97 km) semi-beltway encompassing much of the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. ...


Public transportation and intercity bus

The Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas are served by public bus transit systems. Yuma and Flagstaff also have public bus systems. Greyhound Lines serves Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff, Yuma, and several smaller communities statewide. This article is about the US bus line. ...


A light rail system called Valley Metro Rail is currently being built in Phoenix. When completed, it will connect Central Phoenix with the nearby cities of Mesa and Tempe. The system is projected to be operational by December of 2008. This article is about light rail systems in general. ... METRO Light Rail will be a light rail system serving the Phoenix metropolitan area. ...


In May 2006, voters in Tucson approved a Regional Transportation Plan (a comprehensive bus transit/streetcar/roadway improvement program), and its funding via a new half-cent sales tax increment. The centerpiece of the plan is a light rail streetcar system (possibly similar to the Portland Streetcar in Oregon) that will travel through the downtown area, connecting the main University of Arizona campus with the Rio Nuevo master plan area on the western edge of downtown.[23] A streetcar at the PSU stop. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ...


Aviation

See also: List of airports in Arizona

Airports with regularly scheduled commercial flights include: Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix (the largest airport and the major international airport in the state); Tucson International Airport (IATA: TUS, ICAO: KTUS) in Tucson; Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport (IATA: AZA, ICAO: KIWA) in Mesa; Yuma International Airport (IATA: YUM, ICAO: KYUM) in Yuma; Prescott Municipal Airport (PRC) in Prescott; Flagstaff Pulliam Airport (IATA: FLG, ICAO: KFLG) in Flagstaff, and Grand Canyon National Park Airport (GCP), a small, but busy, single-runway facility providing tourist flights, mostly from Las Vegas. Phoenix Sky Harbor is the 7th busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft movements, and regularly in the top 15 for passengers. List of airports in Arizona (U.S. state), sorted by location. ... PHX redirects here. ... Tucson International Airport (IATA: TUS, ICAO: KTUS, FAA LID: TUS) is a public airport located six miles (10 km) south of the central business district of Tucson, a city in Pima County, Arizona, United States. ... “AZA” redirects here. ... Yuma International Airport (IATA: YUM, ICAO: KYUM, FAA LID: YUM) is a shared-use airport together with the Marine Corps Air Station Yuma and located three miles (5 km) south of the central business district (CBD) of Yuma, a city in Yuma County, Arizona, USA. It is mostly used for... Prescott Municipal Airport (IATA: PRC, ICAO: KPRC), also known as Enerst A. Love Field is a public airport located in northern Prescott, Arizona. ... Flagstaff Pulliam Airport (IATA: FLG, ICAO: KFLG) is a public airport located 4 miles (6 km) south of the city of Flagstaff in Coconino County, Arizona, USA. The airport is mostly used for general aviation but is also served by one commercial airline. ... Grand Canyon National Park Airport (IATA: GCN, ICAO: KGCN) is a public airport located in Tusayan, Arizona near Grand Canyon National Park. ...


Other significant airports without regularly scheduled commercial flights include Scottsdale Municipal Airport (IATA: SCF, ICAO: KSDL) in Scottsdale. Scottsdale Municipal Airport (IATA: SCF, ICAO: KSDL) is a general aviation airport located in northern Scottsdale, Arizona, and is one of the busiest single-runway facilities in the nation. ...


Law and government

See also: Arizona Constitution, United States congressional delegations from Arizona, and List of Arizona Governors

The Arizona Constitution is the governing document and framework for the State of Arizona. ... These are complete tables of congressional delegations from Arizona to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... This is a list of Governors of Arizona: See also Governors of Arizona Territory Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Arizona ... Image File history File links AZ_capitol. ... Image File history File links AZ_capitol. ... The Arizona State Capitol The Arizona State Capitol building in Phoenix, Arizona formerly housed the Territorial and State Legislatures, as well as various executive offices. ...

Capitol complex

The state capital of Arizona is Phoenix. The original Capitol building, with its distinctive copper dome, was dedicated in 1901 (construction was completed for $136,000 in 1900), when the area was still a territory. Phoenix became the official state capital with Arizona's admission to the union in 1912. Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ...


The House of Representatives and Senate were dedicated in 1960, and an Executive Office Building was dedicated in 1974 (the ninth floor of this building is where the Office of the Governor is located). The original Capitol building was converted into a museum. The Arizona House of Representatives is the lower legislative body for the State of Arizona. ... The debating chamber of the Arizona Senate The Arizona Senate is part of the Arizona Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...


The Capitol complex is fronted and highlighted by the richly landscaped Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza, named after Wesley Bolin, a governor who died in office in the 1970s. Numerous monuments and memorials are on the site, including the anchor and signal mast from the USS Arizona (one of the U.S. Navy ships sunk in Pearl Harbor), a granite version of the Ten Commandments, and the Arizona Vietnam Veterans' Memorial. The Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza is an urban park and gathering place in downtown Phoenix, Arizona. ... Wesley Bolin (July 1, 1909–March 4, 1978) served as governor of the U.S. state of Arizona between 1977 and 1978. ... For the memorial to USS Arizona (BB-39) in Pearl Harbor, see USS Arizona Memorial. ... This article is about the actual attack. ... For other uses, see Ten Commandments (disambiguation). ...


State legislature

The Arizona Legislature is bicameral (like the legislature of every other state except Nebraska) and consists of a thirty-member Senate and a 60-member House of Representatives. Each of the thirty legislative districts has one senator and two representatives. Legislators are elected for two-year terms. The Arizona State Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of Arizona. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... The debating chamber of the Arizona Senate The Arizona Senate is part of the Arizona Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... The Arizona House of Representatives is the lower legislative body for the State of Arizona. ...


Each Legislature covers a two-year period. The first session following the general election is known as the first regular session, and the session convening in the second year is known as the second regular session. Each regular session begins on the second Monday in January and adjourns sine die (terminates for the year) no later than Saturday of the week in which the 100th day from the beginning of the regular session falls. The President of the Senate and Speaker of the House, by rule, may extend the session up to seven additional days. Thereafter, the session can only be extended by a majority vote of members present of each house.


The current majority party is the Republican Party, which has held power in both houses since 1993. The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ...


Arizona state senators and representatives are elected for two year terms and are limited to four consecutive terms in a chamber, though there is no limit on the total number of terms. When a lawmaker is term-limited from office, it is not uncommon for him or her to run for election in the other chamber.


The fiscal year 2006-07 general fund budget, approved by the Arizona Legislature in June 2006, is slightly less than $10 billion. Besides the money spent on state agencies, it also includes more than $500 million in income- and property tax cuts, pay raises for government employees, and additional funding for the K-12 education system.


State executive branch

Arizona Constitution, Article 5
The executive department shall consist of the governor, secretary of state, state treasurer, attorney general, and superintendent of public instruction, each of whom shall hold office for a term of four years beginning on the first Monday of January, 1971 next after the regular general election in 1970


Governor's Office
Arizona's executive branch is headed by a governor elected for a four-year term. The governor may serve any number of terms, though no more than two in a row. The current governor of Arizona is Janet Napolitano, a Democrat. She was first elected in 2002 and again in 2006 (she was officially sworn in on her second term on January 4, 2007). The executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. ... Janet Napolitano (b. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Due to the state of Arizona not having a governor's mansion, the governors reside within their private places of residence during their terms in office.


Department of State: Secretary of State's Office
The Secretary serves as acting governor -- serves as acting governor when the governor is absent from the state; the secretary of state, if holding office by election, is first in line to succeed the governor in the event of death, resignation, removal from office, or permanent disability to discharge the duties of the office. The Secretary of State is Janice K. Brewer, a Republican.


Lieutenant Governor
There is no office of Lieutenant Governor in the state of Arizona. The Secretary of State serves in this capacity, that is, first in line to succeed the governor. (See office of Secretary of State)


Attorney General's Office
The Attorney General is Terry Goddard,(D)


The State Treasurer's Office
The State Treasurer is Dean Martin, (R)


The Department of Education
The Superintendent of Public Instruction is Tom Horne, (R)


Office of the State Mine Inspector
The State Mine Inspector is Joe Hart, (R)


Federal representation

The two U.S. Senators from Arizona are Senator John McCain (Republican) and Senator Jon Kyl (Republican). McCain redirects here. ... This page is about the current Arizona Senator; for his father, a U.S. Representative from Iowa, see John Kyl; for a U.S. Representative from Mississippi with a similar name, see John Kyle. ...


Arizona's representatives in the United States House of Representatives are Rick Renzi (R-1), Trent Franks (R-2), John Shadegg (R-3), Ed Pastor (D-4), Harry Mitchell (D-5), Jeff Flake (R-6), Raul Grijalva (D-7), and Gabrielle Giffords (D-8). Jim Kolbe announced his retirement from Congress in 2006, creating one of the few open seats in the nation in Arizona's Congressional District 8. Arizona gained two seats in the House of Representatives due to redistricting based on Census 2000. Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Richard George Rick Renzi (born June 11, 1958) is an American politician and has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2003, representing Arizonas 1st congressional district (map). ... Trent Franks Trent Franks (born June 19, 1957), American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2003, representing the 2nd District of Arizona (map). ... John Shadegg John Barden Shadegg (born October 22, 1949), American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1995, representing the 3rd District of Arizona (map). ... Edward Lopez Pastor (born June 28, 1943), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1991, representing the 4th District of Arizona (map). ... Harry Mitchell is the current Congressman from Arizonas 5th Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives. ... Jeffry Jeff Flake (born December 31, 1962), an American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2001, representing Arizonas 6th congressional district. ... Raúl M. Grijalva (born February 19, 1948) is an American politician from Arizona. ... Gabrielle Giffords is a politician and businesswoman from Tucson, Arizona. ... James Thomas Jim Kolbe (born June 28, 1942)) is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1985 to 2007. ... The process known as redistricting in the United States and redistribution in many Commonwealth countries is the changing of political borders (in many countries, specifically the electoral district/constituency boundaries) usually in response to periodic census results. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Political culture

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2004 54.87% 1,104,294 44.40% 893,524
2000 50.95% 781,652 44.67% 685,341
1996 44.29% 622,073 46.52% 653,288
1992 38.47% 572,086 36.52% 543,050
1988 59.95% 702,541 38.74% 454,029
1984 66.42% 681,416 32.54% 333,854
1980 60.61% 529,688 28.24% 246,843
1976 56.37% 418,642 39.80% 295,602
1972 61.64% 402,812 30.38% 198,540
1968 54.78% 266,721 35.02% 170,514
1964 50.45% 242,535 49.45% 237,753
1960 55.52% 221,241 44.36% 176,781

From territorial days until the late 1940s, Arizona was a virtual one-party state dominated by the Democrats. From statehood until 1948, the Democratic candidate carried the state in every presidential election.[citation needed] GOP redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Presidential election results map. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In recent years, the Republican Party has dominated Arizona politics. Many "Pinto Democrats," or conservative Democrats from rural areas, became increasingly willing to support Republicans at the state and national level. In addition, the fast-growing Phoenix and Tucson suburbs became very friendly to Republicans. Arizona narrowly voted for Bill Clinton in 1996, the first time it supported a Democrat for president since Harry Truman in 1948; Clinton's victory is attributed to Ross Perot getting 112,072 (8.0%). In 2004, George W. Bush won the state's ten electoral votes by a margin of 10 percentage points with 54.87% of the vote. William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... For the victim of Mt. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Electoral votes by state/federal district, for the elections of 2004 and 2008 The United States Electoral College is a term used to describe the 538 President Electors who meet every 4 years to cast the electoral votes for President and Vice President of the United States; their votes represent...


On March 4, 2008, John McCain effectively clinched the Republican nomination for 2008, becoming the first presidential nominee from the state since Barry Goldwater in 1964. McCain redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–87) and the Republican Partys nominee for president in the 1964 election. ...


Maricopa County, the fourth-largest county in the country and home of Phoenix, dominates Arizona's politics. It is home to almost 60 percent of the state's population, and most of the state's elected officials live there. It has voted Republican in every presidential election since 1948. This includes the 1964 run of native son Barry Goldwater; he wouldn't have even carried his own state had it not been for a 21,000-vote margin in Maricopa County.[citation needed] However, the current mayor of Phoenix, Phil Gordon, is a Democrat. The current state attorney general and governor are also both Democrats. Maricopa County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Portrait of Phoenix, Arizona Mayor Phil Gordon. ...


In contrast, Pima County, home to Tucson, has historically been more Democratic. This is also the case for most of the rest of southern Arizona. While Tucson's suburbs lean Republican,[citation needed] they hold to a somewhat more moderate brand of Republicanism than is common in the Phoenix area. Between them, Maricopa and Pima counties cast almost three-fourths of Arizona's total vote, and account for a substantial majority in the state legislature. Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Nickname: The Old Pueblo Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Pima Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area    - City 505. ...


Arizona rejected an anti-gay amendment in the 2006 midterm elections. Gay marriage was already illegal in Arizona, but this amendment would have denied any legal or financial benefits to unmarried homosexual or heterosexual couples.[citation needed] One of four newly wedded same-sex couples in a public wedding at Taiwan Pride 2006. ...


See also: United States presidential election, 2004, in Arizona Arizona confirmed once again that the state is a Republican stronghold, by voting for President George W. Bush again in 2004. ...


Important cities and towns

Map of Arizona - PDF
Map of Arizona - PDF
Downtown Phoenix
Downtown Phoenix
Tucson
Tucson
See also: List of cities in Arizona, List of cities in Arizona (by population), and List of Arizona counties

Phoenix, the largest city in the state, is the capital. The Phoenix metro area includes Mesa (the third largest city in Arizona and the most populous suburban city in the United States), Glendale, Peoria, Chandler, Sun City, Sun City West, Fountain Hills, Surprise, Gilbert, El Mirage, Avondale, Tempe and Scottsdale, with a total population of nearly 3.9 million. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1500, 306 KB) Phoenix skyline in 2004, looking west. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1500, 306 KB) Phoenix skyline in 2004, looking west. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Aguila, Arizona Ajo, Arizona (town, unincorporated) Alpine, Arizona Apache Junction, Arizona (city) Ash Fork, Arizona (census-designated place) Avondale, Arizona Bagdad, Arizona Benson, Arizona Bisbee, Arizona Black Canyon City, Arizona Bouse, Arizona Brenda, Arizona Buckeye, Arizona Bullhead City, Arizona Camp Verde, Arizona Carefree, Arizona Casa Grande, Arizona Cave Creek, Arizona... A list of cities in Arizona (by population*) is below. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City  125. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City West is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... The world famous fountain of Fountain Hills, Arizona, spews water to a height of 562 feet, once per hour. ... County Maricopa County, Arizona Area  - Total  - Water 180. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ... El Mirage is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Marie Lopez Rogers Area  - Total 41. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ...


Tucson is the state's second largest city, located 110 miles (180 km) southeast of the Phoenix metropolitan area. The Tucson metropolitan area crossed the one-million-resident threshold in early 2007. It is home to the University of Arizona, one of only three public universities in Arizona. Tucson (pronounced ) is the seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 miles (98 km) north of the U.S.-Mexico border. ... Ordinal directions are the four compass directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest, located halfway between the cardinal directions. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ...


Yuma is center of the third largest metropolitan area in Arizona. It is located near the borders of California and Mexico. It is one of the hottest cities in the United States with the average July high of 107 degrees Fahrenheit. (The same month's average in Death Valley is 115 degrees.) The city also features sunny days about 90% of the year. The Yuma Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 160,000. Yuma also attracts many winter visitors from all over the United States. Yuma is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Death Valley (disambiguation). ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ...


Flagstaff is the largest city in northern Arizona, and at nearly 7000 ft elevation, with its large Ponderosa Pine forests and Ski areas, is a stark contrast to the desert regions typically associated with Arizona. It sits at the base of the San Francisco Peaks the highest mountain range in the state of Arizona, with Humphreys Peak, the highest point in Arizona at 12,633 feet (3,850 m). Flagstaff has a strong tourism sector, due to its proximity to Grand Canyon National Park, Sedona, and Oak Creek Canyon. Historic Route 66 is the main east-west street. Flagstaff is home to 57,391 residents and the main campus of Northern Arizona University. Nickname: Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Coconino County Government  - Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area  - City  98. ... The San Francisco Peaks, with the Wupatki National Monument in the foreground Composite image of the mountains, from satellite imagery projected onto an elevation model. ... Humphreys Peak is the highest point in the U.S. state of Arizona and is located in Coconino County. ... Grand Canyon National Park is one of the United States oldest national parks and is located in Arizona. ... Sedona is a city and community that straddles the county line between Coconino and Yavapai Counties in the Verde Valley of northern Arizona. ... Oak Creek Canyon is a 1000-2000 foot deep gorge in northern Arizona located between the cities of Flagstaff and Sedona. ... Alternate meanings of Route 66: New Jersey State Highway 66, Interstate 66, and a company named after the route US Highway 66 or Route 66 was and is the most famous road in the United States highway system and quite possibly the most famous and storied highway in the world. ... Northern Arizona University (NAU) is a public university in Flagstaff, Arizona in the United States. ...


Education

Elementary and secondary education

Public schools in Arizona are separated into about 220 local school districts which operate independently, but are governed in most cases by elected county school superintendents; these are in turn overseen by the Arizona State Board of Education (a division of the Arizona Department of Education) and the state Superintendent of Public Instruction (elected in partisan elections every even-numbered year when there is not a presidential election, for a four-year term). In 2005, a School District Redistricting Commission was established with the goal of combining and consolidating many of these districts.

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Biodesign Institute is a center specializing in bioscience infrastructure at Arizona State University. ...

Colleges and universities

Higher education in Arizona is governed at the university level by the Arizona Board of Regents or the ABOR, a 12-member body. According to information published by the ABOR office and available on their Web site, eight volunteer members are appointed by the Governor to staggered eight-year terms; two students serve on the Board for two-year appointments, with the first year being a nonvoting apprentice year. The Governor and the Superintendent of Public Instruction serve as voting ex-officio members. The ABOR provides "policy guidance" and oversight to the three major degree-granting universities, as provided for by Title 15 of the Arizona Revised Statutes.


Community colleges in Arizona were governed historically by a separate statewide Board of Directors, but a bill passed in the 2002 regular session of the Legislature (HB 2710, which later became ARS 15-1444) transferred almost all oversight authority to individual community college districts. The Maricopa County Community College District includes 11 community colleges throughout Maricopa County and is one of the largest in the nation. The community college systems in Arizona are among the best in the United States.

Public colleges and universities

Private four-year colleges and universities (non-profit)

Professional Schools, Trade Schools, and For-Profit Private Colleges

Public two-year colleges

Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ... Northern Arizona University (NAU) is a public university in Flagstaff, Arizona in the United States. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) is a not-for-profit, non-sectarian, coeducational private university with a history dating back to the early days of aviation. ... Ottawa University (OU) is a not-for-profit educational institution affiliated with the American Baptist Churches USA. It was founded in 1865. ... Prescott College is an environmentally-oriented private liberal arts college in Prescott, Arizona that offers residential and limited-residency programs for BA, MA and Phd degrees. ... A.T. Still University, based in Kirksville, Missouri, is a combination of four schools which educate health care professionals based on the principles of osteopathic medicine, first devised by American doctor Andrew Taylor Still, M.D. While its main campus in Kirksville, Missouri is the home of Kirksville College of... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City  125. ... // Collins College is a for-profit school and is a subsidiary of Career Education Corporation. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... DeVry University and DeVry Institute of Technology are divisions of Devry Inc. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Grand Canyon University (GCU) Founded in 1949, Grand Canyon University is private, accredited, Christian university located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Midwestern University (MWU) is a non-profit, private, graduate school of medicine with two campuses: Midwestern University Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine (MWU/CCOM) in Downers Grove, Illinois and Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine(MWU/AzCOM) in Glendale, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Northcentral University is located in Prescott Valley, Arizona. ... Southwestern College is a small Christian institution of higher education located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Thunderbird School of Global Management is a business school in the United States, and the first and oldest graduate school specializing in international management and global business. ... University of Advancing Technology (UAT) is a for-profit, family owned institution of higher education located in Tempe, Arizona as a single campus. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... University of Phoenix (UOP) is a for-profit educational institution specializing in adult education, with campuses located throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. ... The Western International University is a for-profit university owned by the Apollo Group. ... Arizona Western College is a public community college located in Yuma, Arizona. ... // Basics Central Arizona College is a public community college located in Coolidge, Arizona. ... Cochise College is a two year college in Arizona. ... Coconino Community College is a community college serving Coconino County in northern Arizona. ... Eastern Arizona College (EAC),is an Arizona community college located in Graham County, Arizona. ... The Maricopa County Community College District, in Maricopa County, Arizona, is one of the largest community college districts in the world. ... Chandler-Gilbert Community College is a two-year public community college with campuses in Mesa, Chandler and Sun Lakes, Arizona (suburbs of Phoenix). ... GateWay Community College is located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Glendale Community College is a community college in Glendale, Arizona. ... Mesa Community College in Mesa, Arizona, is the largest of the 10 community colleges in the Maricopa County Community College District. ... Paradise Valley Community College (PVCC) is a 2-year community college in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Phoenix College (often referred to as simply PC) is a community college located in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Founded in 1920, it is one of the oldest community colleges in the country, which is arguably the reason why it is called Phoenix College as opposed to Phoenix Community College. ... Known as the college without walls, Rio Salado has never built a traditional campus. ... Scottsdale Community College, in Scottsdale, Arizona (a suburb of Phoenix) is located on the eastern boundary of the city of Scottsdale, Arizona on 160 acres (650,000 m²) of land belonging to the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community. ... Mohave Community College (MCC) is located in Kingman, Arizona, which lyes toward the northwest corner of the state. ... Northland Pioneer College (NPC) is a regionally accredited, publicly supported, comprehensive community college serving a large and diverse area in Navajo County, Arizona. ... Pima Community College (PCC) is a two-year institution of higher education in Pima County, Arizona serving the Tucson metropolitan area. ... Yavapai College is a community college located in Prescott, Arizona. ...

Professional sports teams

Club Sport League
Arizona Cardinals Football National Football League
Arizona Diamondbacks Baseball Major League Baseball
Arizona Heat* Softball National Pro Fastpitch
Arizona Rattlers Arena Football Arena Football League
Arizona Sting Lacrosse National Lacrosse League
Arizona Sundogs Ice hockey Central Hockey League
Phoenix Coyotes Ice hockey National Hockey League
Phoenix Mercury Basketball Women's National Basketball Association
Phoenix Roadrunners Ice hockey East Coast Hockey League
Phoenix Suns Basketball National Basketball Association
Tucson Sidewinders Baseball Minor League Baseball
Yuma Scorpions Baseball Golden Baseball League

Due to its numerous golf courses, Arizona is home to several stops on the PGA Tour, most notably at the FBR Open, more commonly known as the Phoenix Open. City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... This article is about the sport. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The Arizona Heat is a womens softball team based in Tucson, Arizona. ... Soft ball is also a sugar stage Softball is a team sport popular around the world but especially in the United States. ... National Pro Fastpitch (NPF), formerly the Womens Pro Softball League (WPSL), is the only professional womens softball league in the world. ... Conference American Division Western Year founded 1992 Home arena US Airways Center City, State Phoenix, Arizona Head Coach Gene Nudo ArenaBowl championships 2: 1994, 1997 Conference titles none Division titles 5: 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2004 Wild Card berths 8: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 Arizona Rattlers... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... The Arizona Sting are a member of the National Lacrosse League. ... For other uses, see Lacrosse (disambiguation). ... NLL redirects here. ... The Arizona Sundogs are a minor-league ice hockey team based in Prescott, Arizona that is slated to begin play in 2006. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... This article is about the current CHL. For earlier leagues also called the Central Hockey League, see Central Hockey League (disambiguation). ... The Phoenix Coyotes are a professional ice hockey team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Phoenix Mercury is a Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) team based in Phoenix, Arizona and the current WNBA champions. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... The Phoenix RoadRunners are an ECHL hockey team that began play in the 2005-2006 season in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The ECHL is a professional minor-league double-A hockey association based in the United States and Canada. ... The Phoenix Suns are a professional basketball team, based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... This article is about the sport. ... NBA redirects here. ... League Pacific Coast League Division Pacific Conference Year founded 1969 Major League affiliation Arizona Diamondbacks Home ballpark Tucson Electric Park Previous home ballparks Hi Corbett Field City Tucson, Arizona Current uniform colors black, bronze, teal Previous uniform colors red, gold Logo design The wordmark Sidewinders in bronze outlined in black... This article is about the sport. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... League affiliations Golden Baseball League Name Yuma Scorpions (2005-present) Team Colors cardinal, black, jade, tan Ballpark Desert Sun Stadium Championships League titles: Owner(s)/Operated By: Golden Baseball Leauge General Manager: Manager: Media: Yuma Sun Website: www. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Golden Baseball League, based in Dublin, California, is a professional independent baseball league with teams in the western United States and Canada. ... The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ... The Phoenix Open is a nationally televised golf tournament, a part of the PGA Tour, held at the Tournament Players Club (TPC) of Scottsdale, Arizona around the last weekend in January. ...


With three universities and several community colleges, college sports are also prevalent in Arizona. Arizona is home to the oldest rivalry in the NCAA.[24] The Territorial Cup is given to the winner of the Duel in the Desert, an annual game between intense rivals the Arizona State Sun Devils and the Arizona Wildcats. Arizona also hosts several bowl games in the Bowl Championship Series. The Fiesta Bowl, originally held at Sun Devil Stadium, will now be held at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale. The University of Phoenix Stadium was also home to the 2007 BCS National Championship Game and hosted Super Bowl XLII on February 3rd, 2008. The Insight Bowl is also held at Sun Devil Stadium. NCAA redirects here. ... The Territorial Cup is a trophy that is awarded annually to the winner of the college football game between the Arizona State University (ASU) Sun Devils and the University of Arizona (UA) Wildcats and has also served as the symbol of the long standing rivalry between the two schools. ... // Arizona State University has nine mens and eleven womens varsity teams competing in the NCAA Pacific Ten Conference. ... The athletic teams at the University of Arizona are known as the Arizona Wildcats. ... A bowl game is a post-season college football game, typically at the Division I-A level. ... BCS Logo 2006-Present with logo of Television Rightsholder Fox Broadcasting Company The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) is a selection system designed to pair the top two teams in college football against each other in the BCS National Championship Game, with the winner crowned the BCS national champion. ... The Fiesta Bowl, now sponsored by Tostitos tortilla chips (a Frito-Lay product), is a United States college football game played annually since 1971. ... Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field is located on the campus of Arizona State University in Tempe. ... | {{Infobox_Stadium | stadium_name = University of Phoenix Stadium | image = | address = 1 Cardinals Drive, Glendale, AZ 85305 | construction start = July 30, 2003 | opened = August 1, 2006 | owner = Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority | operator = Global Spectrum | surface = Tifway 419 Hybrid Bermuda Grass | construction_cost = $455 million | architect = Peter Eisenman|HOK Sport | former_names = Cardinals Stadium (August... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... 2007 BCS National Championship Game BCS National Championship Game Florida Gators at Ohio State Buckeyes Ohio State Buckeyes (12-0) 14 January 8, 2007 University of Phoenix Stadium The 2007 Tostitos BCS National Championship Game or BCS Title Game was played on January 8, 2007 at the University of Phoenix... Super Bowl XLII will be the 42nd annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL) between the National Football Conference (NFC) and American Football Conference (AFC) champions. ... The Insight Bowl is an NCAA-sanctioned Division I-A post-season American college football bowl game played in Arizona since 1989. ... Sun Devil Stadium, Frank Kush Field is located on the campus of Arizona State University in Tempe. ...


Besides being home to spring training, Arizona is also home to two other baseball leagues, Arizona Fall League and Arizona Winter League. The Fall League was founded in 1992 and is a minor league baseball league designed for players to refine their skills and perform in game settings in front of major and minor league baseball scouts and team executives, who are in attendance at almost every game. The league got exposure when Michael Jordan started his time in baseball with the Scottsdale Scorpions. The Winter League, founded in 2007, is a professional baseball league for the independent Golden Baseball League. The games are played in Yuma at the Desert Sun Stadium. The Arizona Fall League is a minor league baseball league which operates during the Fall in Arizona at three spring training complexes. ... The Arizona Winter League is the winter professional baseball league of the Golden Baseball League. ... Minor leagues in the sense intended in this article are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports. ... For other persons named Michael Jordan, see Michael Jordan (disambiguation). ... The Scottsdale Scorpions are an Arizona Fall League baseball team located in the affluent Phoenix suburb of Scottsdale. ... The Golden Baseball League, based in Dublin, California, is a professional independent baseball league with teams in the western United States and Canada. ... Yuma is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ... Desert Sun Stadium is a stadium in Yuma, Arizona. ...

  • Note: The Arizona Heat is currently suspended from the NPF, with a possible return for the 2008 season.

Spring training

A spring training game between the two Chicago teams, the Cubs and the White Sox, at HoHoKam Park in Mesa
A spring training game between the two Chicago teams, the Cubs and the White Sox, at HoHoKam Park in Mesa

Arizona is a popular location for Major League Baseball spring training, as it is the site of the Cactus League. The only other location for spring training is in Florida with the Grapefruit League. Spring training has been somewhat of a tradition in Arizona since 1947 despite the fact that the state did not have its own major league team until the state was awarded the Diamondbacks as an expansion team. The state hosts the following teams: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) It is a picture of the Chigago Cubs and the Chicago White Sox playing a spring training game at HoHoKam Park. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) It is a picture of the Chigago Cubs and the Chicago White Sox playing a spring training game at HoHoKam Park. ... HoHoKam Park during Spring Training, 2005 HoHoKam Park is a baseball field located in Mesa, Arizona (the Chicago Cubs spring training facility since 1979). ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City  125. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ...

Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... TEP prior to a Spring Training game, March 2005 Tucson Electric Park (TEP) is home to the Tucson Sidewinders, the AAA affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... HoHoKam Park during Spring Training, 2005 HoHoKam Park is a baseball field located in Mesa, Arizona (the Chicago Cubs spring training facility since 1979). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) (Chicago) White Stockings (1901-1903 *From 1900 to 1903, the official name did not contain the city name of Chicago... TEP prior to a Spring Training game, March 2005 Tucson Electric Park (TEP) is home to the Tucson Sidewinders, the AAA affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. ... For other uses, see Cleveland Indians (disambiguation). ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) West Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Colorado Rockies (1993–present) Other nicknames The Rocks, The Rox, Blake Street Bombers, Hurdles Heroes. ... Hi Corbett Field is a baseball field located in Tucson, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... Surprise Stadium is a baseball field located in Surprise, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... Tempe Diablo Stadium is a baseball field located in Tempe, Arizona. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... Maryvale Baseball Park is a baseball field located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Phoenix Municipal Stadium during Spring Training, 2005 Phoenix Municipal Stadium is a baseball field located in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... Peoria Sports Complex is a baseball field located in Peoria, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–85) Other nicknames The Jints, The Gigantes, The G... Scottsdale Stadium is a baseball field located in Scottsdale, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... Peoria Sports Complex is a baseball field located in Peoria, Arizona. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... Surprise Stadium is a baseball field located in Surprise, Arizona. ...

Miscellaneous topics

Art and pop culture

Arizona has featured a continuous string of dancing and performing groups of many ethnicities. The state is a recognized center of Native American art, with a number of galleries such as the Heard Museum showcasing historical and contemporary works. Sedona, Jerome, and Tubac are known as budding artist colonies, and small arts scenes exist in the larger cities and near the state universities. This article or section should be merged with ethnic group Ethnicity is the cultural characteristics that connect a particular group or groups of people to each other. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Heard Museum is a museum dedicated to Native American art located in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. It has been designated as a Phoenix Point of Pride[1]. It was founded in 1929 by Dwight B. and Maie Bartlett Heard to house their personal collection of art. ... For the Kia Motors Sedona automobile, see Kia Carnival Sedona (pronounced ) is a city and community that straddles the county line between Coconino and Yavapai counties in the northern Verde Valley region of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Jerome is a town in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. ... Tubac is a census-designated place located in Santa Cruz County, Arizona. ...

Monument Valley on the Navajo Reservation is famous for its scenery and Hollywood Westerns.
Monument Valley on the Navajo Reservation is famous for its scenery and Hollywood Westerns.

Many tourist souvenirs produced in Arizona or by its residents display characteristic images, such as sunsets, coyotes, and desert plants. Several major Hollywood films, such as Billy Jack, U-Turn, Waiting to Exhale, Just One of the Guys, Can't Buy Me Love, Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, The Scorpion King, The Banger Sisters, Used Cars, and Raising Arizona have been made there (as indeed have many Westerns). The 1993 science fiction movie Fire in the Sky, which was actually based on a reported alien abduction in Arizona, was set and filmed in the town of Snowflake. The climax of the 1977 Clint Eastwood film The Gauntlet takes place in downtown Phoenix. The final segments of the 1984 film Starman take place at Meteor Crater outside Winslow. The Jeff Foxworthy comedy documentary movie Blue Collar Comedy Tour was filmed almost entirely at the Dodge Theatre. Arguably one of the most famous examples could be Alfred Hitchcock's classic film Psycho. Not only was some of the film shot in Phoenix, but the main character is from there as well. Some of the television shows filmed or set in Arizona include The New Dick Van Dyke Show, Alice, The First 48, Insomniac with Dave Attell, COPS, and America's Most Wanted. The 1974 film Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, for which Ellen Burstyn won the Academy Award for Best Actress, and also starred Kris Kristofferson, was set in Tucson, as was the TV sitcom Alice, which was based on the movie. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 590 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Monument Valley in northwest Arizona by David Jolley 2007. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 590 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Monument Valley in northwest Arizona by David Jolley 2007. ... Monument Valley from the valley floor. ... Map of the Navajo Nation The Navajo Nation (Diné in Navajo language) encompasses all things important to the Navajo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Billy Jack is the second, and highest grossing, in a series of motion pictures centering on a fictional character of the same name, played by Tom Laughlin. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with U-Turn. ... Waiting to Exhale is a 1995 movie directed by Forest Whitaker. ... DVD case cover for Just One of the Guys Just One of the Guys is a 1985 comedy film, directed by Lisa Gottlieb. ... Cant Buy Me Love is a 1987 teen comedy film directed by Steve Rash. ... Bill & Teds Excellent Adventure (1989) is an American comedy/science fiction movie in which two slackers travel through time in order to assemble a menagerie of historical figures for their high school history presentation. ... The Scorpion King is a 2002 film starring Dwayne The Rock Johnson, Michael Clarke Duncan, Kelly Hu, Steven Brand, Ralf Moeller, and Grant Heslov, and is directed by Chuck Russell. ... The Banger Sisters (2002) is an American comedy film produced by 20th Century Fox about the reunion of two middle-aged women who used to be friends and groupies when they were young. ... Used Cars is a 1980 comedy film. ... Raising Arizona is a 1987 Coen Brothers comedy film starring Nicolas Cage, Holly Hunter, William Forsythe, John Goodman, Frances McDormand, and Randall Tex Cobb. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fire in the Sky is a 1993 science fiction film. ... Snowflake is a town in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ... This page is about the movie. ... Starman (1984; see also 1984 in film) is a science fiction film directed by John Carpenter which tells the story of an alien from another planet (Jeff Bridges) who has come to Earth in response to the invitation left of the gold phonograph record on the Voyager space probes. ... For meteorite-created craters in general, see Impact crater. ... Winslow (Navajo Béésh Sinil or Béésinil) is a city located in Navajo County, Arizona. ... Comedian Jeff Foxworthy accepts a new jacket from 3rd Infantry Division Commander Army Maj. ... Dodge Theater is an indoor concert hall and arena in Phoenix. ... Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 â€“ April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... The New Dick Van Dyke Show brought Van Dyke back into TV in 1971, but despite running for three years is no longer seen, in contrast with Mary Tyler Moore, which became as successful as the original Dick Van Dyke Show. ... Alice is a top-rated American television sitcom series which ran from August 31, 1976 to July 2, 1985 on CBS. The series was based on the 1974 film, Alice Doesnt Live Here Anymore. ... The First 48 is an American reality television show based on homicide detective units in various cities across America, including Dallas, Memphis, Phoenix, Miami, and San Francisco. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Not to be confused with C.O.P.S. (TV series). ... For the professional wrestling tag team, see Americas Most Wanted (professional wrestling). ... Alice is a 1974 film which tells the story of a widow who moves with her young son to Tucson, Arizona to start her life over again, and finds a job working at a diner. ... Ellen Burstyn (born December 7, 1932 as Edna Rae Gillooly in Detroit, Michigan) is an Academy Award-winning American actress. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ... Alice is a top-rated American television sitcom series which ran from August 31, 1976 to July 2, 1985 on CBS. The series was based on the 1974 film, Alice Doesnt Live Here Anymore. ...


See also List of films shot in Arizona This is a list of movies that were filmed in the U.S. state of Arizona: // Casa Grande Midnight Run Near Dark Three Kings Flagstaff Casablanca Dead Man Easy Rider Flying Tigers Forrest Gump The Gumball Rally Midnight Run Raise Your Voice Two-Lane Blacktop National Lampoons Vacation Florence...


Arizona is prominently featured in the lyrics of many Country and Western songs. Jamie O'Neal's hit ballad "There is No Arizona". George Strait's "Oceanfront Property" uses the offer of "ocean front property in Arizona" as a metaphor for a sucker proposition that is obviously false. The line "see you down in Arizona Bay" is used in a Tool song in reference to a Bill Hicks quote. The line refers to the hope that L.A. will one day fall into the ocean due to a major earthquake. Country music, once known as Country and Western music, is a popular musical form developed in the southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, spirituals, and the blues. ... Jamie ONeal is an contemporary country singer and songwriter. ... George Harvey Strait, (born May 18, 1952), is an American country music singer. ... Tool is an American rock band that was formed in 1990 in Los Angeles, California. ... William Melvin Bill Hicks (December 16, 1961 – February 26, 1994) was an American stand-up comedian. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


"Arizona" was the title of a popular song recorded by Mark Lindsay (formerly of Paul Revere and the Raiders) that was a hit during the winter of 1969-1970. Mark Lindsay is a singer, saxophonist, songwriter, and producer, best known as the frontman for Paul Revere & the Raiders, who scored a series of hits from the 1960s into the early 70s. ... Paul Revere & the Raiders is an American rock band that saw enormous mainstream success in the 1960s, best-known for hits like Indian Reservation (The Lament Of The Cherokee Reservation Indian), Steppin Out, Kicks, and Hungry. In the 1980s, the band became a major source of inspiration for the Paisley...


Arizona's budding music scene is helped by emerging bands, as well as some well-known artists. The Gin Blossoms, Chronic Future, Roger Clyne and the Peacemakers, Jimmy Eat World and others began their careers in Arizona. Also, a number of punk bands got their start in Arizona, including JFA, The Feederz, Sun City Girls, The Meat Puppets, and more recently Authority Zero. There is also an indie rock scene with artists such as Scary Kids Scaring Kids, The Bled, Fine China, Greeley Estates, The Stiletto Formal, The Format. This article is about the band Gin Blossoms; for the medical condition known by the term, see Rosacea. ... Chronic Future is a rapcore band from Scottsdale, Arizona. ... Roger Clyne and the Peacemakers is a rock band from Arizona, USA. After the demise of The Refreshments, a semi-successful rock band of the 1990s whose top radio hit was Banditos, former frontman Roger Clyne and drummer PH Naffah began to form a new band, that would be... Jimmy Eat World is an American alternative rock band from Mesa, Arizona, formed in 1993. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... JFA (Jodie Fosters Army) is a punk rock band, born in 1981 out of the Southern California skateboard culture. ... The Feederz were a punk rock band from Arizona. ... The Sun City Girls were a United States experimental rock band formed in Phoenix, Arizona in 1982. ... The Meat Puppets formed as a three-piece band in Scottsdale, Arizona in January 1980, originally calling themselves the Bastions Of Immaturity. ... Authority Zero is a punk rock band from Mesa, Arizona. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Scary Kids Scaring Kids is an emo/rock band from Arizona and is well known for their song My Darkest Hour which is a simple video but gained popularity because of it. ... The Bled is a post-hardcore band from Tucson, Arizona. ... Fine China is an indie rock band from Phoenix, Arizona comprised of Rob Withem (vocals, guitar), Greg Markov (bass) and Thom Walsh (drums). ... Greeley Estates is a post-hardcore/hard rock band from Phoenix, Arizona. ... The Stiletto Formal is a self-proclaimed eccentric rock and roll band from Phoenix, Arizona, and are one of the few rock bands featuring a cello and other exotic instruments and effects as an integral part of their sound. ... For the AZ album, see The Format (album). ...


Arizona also has its share of singers and other musicians. Singer, songwriter and guitarist Michelle Branch is from Sedona. Chester Bennington, the lead vocalist of Linkin Park, and mash-up artist DJ Z-Trip are both from Phoenix. One of Arizona's more infamous musicians would be shock rocker Alice Cooper, who helped define the genre. Other notable singers include country singer Marty Robbins, folk singer Katie Lee, Fleetwood Mac's Stevie Nicks, CeCe Peniston, Rex Allen, 2007 American Idol winner Jordin Sparks, and Linda Ronstadt. For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... For the UK magazine, see Guitarist (magazine). ... Michelle Jacquet Branch-Landau (born July 2, 1983) is an American singer, songwriter and guitarist. ... For the Kia Motors Sedona automobile, see Kia Carnival Sedona (pronounced ) is a city and community that straddles the county line between Coconino and Yavapai counties in the northern Verde Valley region of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Chester Charles Bennington (born March 20, 1976)[1] is an American musician. ... Linkin Park is a rock band from Agoura Hills, California. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... DJ Z-Trip spinning DJ Z-Trip (born Zach Sciacca) hails from the mashup school of hip hop, yet is well-versed in many different genres of music. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Shock rock is a very wide umbrella term for artists who combine rock music with elements of theatrical shock value in live performances. ... Alice Cooper (born Vincent Furnier February 4, 1948) is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans five decades. ... Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. ... Marty Robbins (September 26, 1925 – December 8, 1982) was one of the most popular and successful American country and western singers of his era. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Katie Lee (b. ... This article is about the band. ... Stephanie Lynn Stevie Nicks (born May 26, 1948) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood Mac and a long solo career, which collectively have produced over twenty Top 350 hits. ... CeCe Peniston (born September 6, 1969 in Dayton, Ohio) is an American singer. ... Rex Allen (December 31, 1920 – December 17, 1999) was an American actor, singer, and songwriter. ... The sixth season of American Idol premiered on the Fox Broadcasting Company on January 16, 2007 and ran until May 23, 2007. ... This article is about the singer. ... Linda Marie Ronstadt (born July 15, 1946 in Tucson, Arizona) is an American popular vocalist and entertainer who has earned multiple Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, numerous certified gold, platinum and multiplatinum albums, and Tony Award and Golden Globe nominations. ...


See also Music of Arizona Arizonas musical history has been heavily influenced by Mexican immigrants. ...


Notable people

Some famous Arizonans involved in politics and government are:

Arizona notables in culture and the arts include: The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[1]) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. ... Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) is an American jurist who was the first woman to serve as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... Geoff Stirling (born St. ... Dennis DeConcini Credited to the United States Senate Historical Office Dennis Webster DeConcini (born May 8, 1937, in Tucson) is a former Democratic U.S. Senator from Arizona. ... Joseph M. (Joe) Arpaio (born June 14, 1932 in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States) is a law enforcement officer and the sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... This page is about the current Arizona Senator; for his father, a U.S. Representative from Iowa, see John Kyl; for a U.S. Representative from Mississippi with a similar name, see John Kyle. ... Traditionally the second ranking position in the minority party in the United States Senate. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... McCain redirects here. ... Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–87) and the Republican Partys nominee for president in the 1964 election. ... Bruce Edward Babbitt (born June 27, 1938), a Democrat, served as United States Secretary of the Interior and as Governor of Arizona. ... Morris Udall Morris King Udall (June 15, 1922 – December 12, 1998), better known as Mo, was an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative from Arizona from May 2, 1961 to May 4, 1991. ... Stewart Udall Stewart Lee Udall (born January 31, 1920) was an American politician. ... Carl Trumbull Hayden (February 10, 1877 – January 25, 1972) was an American politician and the first United States Senator to serve seven terms. ... The United States Solicitor General is the individual appointed to argue for the Government of the United States in front of the Supreme Court of the United States, when the government is party to a case. ... Rex E. Lee (February 27, 1935—March 11, 1996) from St. ...

For a complete list, see List of people from Arizona. Curt Kirkwood (born January 10, 1959) is an American musician, who sings and plays guitar. ... Cris Kirkwood (born October 22, 1960) is the bassist and founding member of the Meat Puppets, an alternative/punk rock band. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... The Meat Puppets are an American rock band formed in January 1980, in the Sunnyslope neighborhood of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Zane Grey (January 31, 1872 – October 23, 1939) was an American author best known for his popular adventure novels and pulp fiction that presented an idealized image of the rugged Old West. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer, educator, and philosopher from Oak Park, Illinois. ... Chester Charles Bennington (born March 20, 1976)[1] is an American musician. ... Linkin Park is a rock band from Agoura Hills, California. ... Alice Cooper (born Vincent Furnier February 4, 1948) is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans five decades. ... Stephanie Lynn Stevie Nicks (born May 26, 1948) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood Mac and a long solo career, which collectively have produced over twenty Top 350 hits. ... This article is about the band. ... Linda Marie Ronstadt (born July 15, 1946 in Tucson, Arizona) is an American popular vocalist and entertainer who has earned multiple Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, numerous certified gold, platinum and multiplatinum albums, and Tony Award and Golden Globe nominations. ... Michelle Jacquet Branch-Landau (born July 2, 1983) is an American singer, songwriter and guitarist. ... Authority Zero is a punk rock band from Mesa, Arizona. ... Jimmy Eat World is an American alternative rock band from Mesa, Arizona, formed in 1993. ... This article is about the band Gin Blossoms; for the medical condition known by the term, see Rosacea. ... Psychostick is a metal band from Tempe, Arizona, known for a silly image and usage of extreme humor in their songs and lyrics. ... Chronic Future is a rapcore band from Scottsdale, Arizona. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... David Wayne Spade (born July 22, 1964) is an Emmy-Award and Golden Globe-nominated American actor, comedian, television personality who gained fame in the 1990s as a cast member on Saturday Night Live. ... For other uses, see Wonder Woman (disambiguation). ... For the two Marvel Comics nurse characters, see Night Nurse (comics). ... César Chávez César Estrada Chávez (March 31, 1927 _ April 23, 1993) founded the National Farm Workers Association that later became the United Farm Workers. ... Frederick Sommer (September 7, 1905 - January 23, 1999), was an artist born in Angri, Italy and raised in Brazil. ... The following are people who were either born/raised or have lived for a significant period of time in Arizona. ...


See also

The United States Census Bureau has defined six Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)[1] and four Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)[2] in the State of Arizona. ... Arizona Department of Public Safety is a law enforcement agency with its main focus, protection of all Arizona Highways. ... The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) is an Arizona state government agency charged with facilitating mobility within the state. ... The Arizona Game and Fish Department is tasked with conserving, enhancing, and restoring Arizonas diverse wildlife resources and habitats through aggressive protection and management programs. ... Cover of Arizona Highways, September, 1955. ... Scouting in Arizona has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live. ... Silver mining in Arizona was a powerful stimulus for exploration and prospecting in early Arizona. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 3, 2006.
  2. ^ In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor, the Secretary of State is first in line for succession.
  3. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cities_in_Arizona_%28by_population%29
  4. ^ Arizona
  5. ^ Climate Assessment for the Southwest (December 1999). The Climate of the Southwest. University of Arizona. Retrieved on 2006-03-21.
  6. ^ United States Geological Survey (September 2005). Hydrologic Conditions in Arizona During 1999–2004: A Historical Perspective. Retrieved on 2006-03-20.
  7. ^ url=http://www.wunderground.com/history/airport/KPHX/2006/7/1/CustomHistory.html?dayend=31&monthend=8&yearend=2006&req_city=NA&req_state=NA&req_statename=NA
  8. ^ Mean number of Days with Minimum Temperature Below 32F National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Retrieved March 24, 2007
  9. ^ Thompson, Clay (2007-02-25). A sorry state of affairs when views change. Arizona Republic. Retrieved on 2007-03-03.
  10. ^ Jim Turner. How Arizona did NOT Get its Name. Arizona Historical Society. Retrieved on 2007-03-03.
  11. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American Place Names of the United States. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, pg. 47
  12. ^ Timothy Anna et al., Historia de México. Barcelona: Critica, 2001, p. 10.
  13. ^ Mexican-American War as accessed on March 16th, 2007 at 7:33 MST AM
  14. ^ ARIZONA ORDINANCE OF SECESSION presented by the Col. Sherod Hunter Camp 1525, SCV, Phoenix, Arizona
  15. ^ http://www.pima.gov/cmo/sdcp/Archives/reports/Cult.html
  16. ^ Table 1: Estimates of Population Change for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico and State Rankings: July 1, 2005 to July 1, 2006. 2006 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (December 22, 2006). Retrieved on December 22, 2006.
  17. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt
  18. ^ Arizona QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  19. ^ Being Black in the Valley
  20. ^ http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=4& county_id=&mode=state_tops&zip=&place_id=&cty_id=&ll=&a=&ea=&order=r
  21. ^ Pew Forum on Religion and Life Religious composition of Arizona residents, 2008. Margin of Error +/-4.5%
  22. ^ Arizona budget deficit labeled country's worst, The Business Journal of Phoenix
  23. ^ Tucson: Streetcar Plan Wins With 60% of Vote
  24. ^ Knauer, Tom. "What is the Territorial Cup?", The Wildcat Online, 2006-11-22. Retrieved on 2007-04-02. 

is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Arizona Republic is a newspaper published in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • David M. Thomas (Ed.) (2003). Arizona Legislative Manual. In [2]. Phoenix, AZ, Arizona Legislative Council. Google Print. Retrieved January 16, 2006.
  • Trimble, Marshall (1998). Arizona, A Cavalcade of History. Tucson, Treasure Chest Publications. (ISBN 0-918080-43-6)
  • Bayless, Betsy, Secretary of State (1998). Arizona Blue Book, 1997-1998. Phoenix, State of Arizona.
  • Miller, Tom (Ed.) (1986). Arizona: The Land and the People, Tucson, University of Arizona Press. (ISBN 0-8165-1004-0)

is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tom Miller is an author primarily known for travel literature. ...

External links

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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Official State Government website

  • Official Website of the State of Arizona

Other references

Tourism information


Preceded by
New Mexico
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on February 14, 1912 (48th)
Succeeded by
Alaska

Coordinates: 34° N 112° W Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem: Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifiko(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Bajo Nuevo Bank, also called the Petrel Islands, is located in the western United States and Jamaica. ... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... Serranilla Bank is a western Caribbean island located about 210 miles north-northeast of Nicaragua. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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The USS Arizona Memorial is the final resting place for many of the battleship's 1,177 crew members who lost their lives on December 7, 1941.
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