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Encyclopedia > Argentine legislative election, 2005
2003 election
2005 elections
2007 elections
Argentina

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Argentina
Argentina held a presidential election on Sunday, April 27, 2003. ... Argentina will hold national presidential and legislative elections on 27 October 2007 to elect a President of Argentina and for the Argentine Congress. ... Image File history File links Argentina_coa. ... This article is about the political institutions and political parties of Argentina. ...



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Argentina held national parliamentary elections on Sunday, 23 October 2005. For the purpose of these elections, each of the 23 provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires are considered electoral districts. Current President Néstor Kirchner The President of Argentina (full title: President of the Argentine Nation, Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina) is the head of state of Argentina. ... (born 25 February 1950) is the current President of Argentina. ... The National Congress ( Spanish: Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. ... The Argentine Senate is the upper house of parliament in Argentina. ... The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentinas parliament. ... This article lists political parties in Argentina. ... The Justicialist Party (Spanish: Partido Justicialista, PJ) is a Peronist political party from Argentina. ... The Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical, or UCR) is the foremost opposition party in Argentina. ... This articles gives information on voting, elections and election results in Argentina. ... Argentina will hold national presidential and legislative elections on 27 October 2007 to elect a President of Argentina and for the Argentine Congress. ... The Supreme Court of Argentina (in Spanish, Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación) is the highest court of law of the Argentine Republic. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... This article deals with the diplomatic affairs, foreign policy and international relations of Argentina. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Buenos Aires (English: Fair Winds; originally Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires, City of the Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, and one of...


Each district elected a number of members of the Lower House (the Argentine Chamber of Deputies) roughly proportional to their population. Eight districts (Buenos Aires, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, San Juan, San Luis, and Santa Cruz) also elected members to the Upper House of Congress (the Argentine Senate); as usual, three senators were elected (two for the majority, one for the first minority). The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentinas parliament. ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the largest, wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... Formosa Province is in northeastern Argentina, part of the Gran Chaco Region. ... Jujuy is a province of Argentina, located in the extreme northwest of the country, at the borders with Chile and Bolivia. ... La Rioja is a one of the provinces of Argentina and is, located in the west of the country. ... Misiones is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the northeastern corner of the country in the Mesopotamia region. ... San Juan is a province of Argentina, located in the westen part of the country. ... Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ... Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the south of the country, in the Patagonia. ... The Argentine Senate is the upper house of parliament in Argentina. ...


In most provinces, the national elections were conducted in parallel with local ones, whereby a number of municipalities elected legislative officials (concejales) and in some cases also a mayor (or the equivalent executive post). Each provincial election followed local regulations. This is a list of cities in Argentina. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ...


A number of districts had held primary elections beforehand. In most cases, primary elections are optional and can be called for by the local political parties as needed; in Santa Fe, however, the primaries were universal and compulsory due to a recent law that repealed the much-criticized Ley de Lemas. The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Santa Fe is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ... The Ley de Lemas (Spanish, Law of Lemmas) is a law dictating a voting system that employs an unusual open-list party-list proportional representation method. ...

Contents


Political overview

In some districts, different factions of the Justicialist Party (PJ) presented candidates separately. In the province of Buenos Aires and Buenos Aires City, the main intra-party division of the PJ was between the center-right traditional Peronist faction led by Hilda González de Duhalde (wife of former governor and interim president Eduardo Duhalde) and the more center-left "heterodox" faction with candidates that answer to President Néstor Kirchner, including his own wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, and Minister of Foreign Relations Rafael Bielsa. In the province of Buenos Aires, this split was protested by other parties, on the grounds that the PJ (taken as a whole) would most likely win the three senatorial benches available (as it finally occurred). The Justicialist Party (Spanish: Partido Justicialista, PJ) is a Peronist political party from Argentina. ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the largest, wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... Eduardo Alberto Duhalde Maldonado (born October 5, 1941) is a former president of Argentina. ... (born 25 February 1950) is the current President of Argentina. ... Cristina Elisabeth Fernández (19 February 1953–) is an Argentine politician. ... Rafael Antonio Bielsa (born February 15, 1953 in Rosario, Argentina) is the foreign minister of Argentina since May 25, 2003, when President Néstor Kirchner took office. ...


Kirchner took a prominent role in the campaign for "his" candidates of the Front for Victory (Frente para la Victoria, FV) in most provinces, explicitly stating that these elections were a plebiscite about his administration. The opening and closing campaign meetings of the FV were both held in Rosario, a typically progressive city with a successful Socialist local government since 1987 that tends to counter the traditional electoral draw of Peronism in the province of Santa Fe. Kirchner also participated in a meeting in La Rioja, where former president Carlos Menem retains some influence and was a candidate for the Senate. A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Rosario is the largest city of the province of Santa Fe, Argentina, and the third most populous in the country, after Buenos Aires and Córdoba. ... The Socialist Party of Argentina is a political party operating in Argentina. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... La Rioja is a city in Argentina. ... Carlos Saúl Menem (born July 2, 1930) was President of Argentina from July 8, 1989 to December 10, 1999 for the Justicialist Party (Peronist). ...


Results

For official results, visit Elecciones 2005, a website opened by the Argentine Ministry of Interior (in Spanish).


The main parties competing for the votes in Argentina that obtained any of the disputed seats in the Senate or the Chamber of Deputies were:

In the country as a whole, the Front for Victory obtained an overwhelming triumph. Of the 127 deputies elected, the FV won 69 seats (54%); the UCR only got 19. The rest of the Justicialist Party obtained 11 seats; Recrear got 9, the ARI got 8, and the Socialist Party got 5. Only the three most voted in this list have an established national structure; Recrear and the ARI are relatively recent offshoots of the UCR (to the right- and left-wing side of the political spectrum, respectively), and the Socialist Party's five deputies all belong to the province of Santa Fe, the only district where the PS is strong. The Justicialist Party (Spanish: Partido Justicialista, PJ) is a Peronist political party from Argentina. ... The Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical, or UCR) is the foremost opposition party in Argentina. ... The Alternative for a Republic of Equals (Spanish: Alternativa por una República de Iguales) is an Argentine political party. ... Elisa María Avelina Carrió (born 1956) is an Argentinian politician, founder of the center-left Alternative for a Republic of Equals party (ARI). ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberal parties | Argentine political parties ... The Socialist Party of Argentina is a political party operating in Argentina. ... Santa Fe is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ...


As explained above, eight provinces were also scheduled to renew their senators (the Senate is renewed by thirds every two years). The Front for Victory won 17 of the 24 senatorial seats. The other factions of Peronism got 4 senators. The UCR got the remaining 3 seats. Among the remarkable results were the victory of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner in Buenos Aires, the largest in the country, beating Hilda González de Duhalde by about 25% of the votes; and the defeat of Carlos Menem in his home district, La Rioja (though he won the first minority seat). Parties took part in the elections in various alliances and with various labels in the diverse provinces. The table below is based on the results per province listed at Elecciones 2005.

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 23 October 2005 Argentine National Congress election results
Coalitions and parties Chamber of Deputies of the Nation:
127 out of 257 seats
Senate of the Nation:
24 out of 72 seats
Votes % Deputies Votes % Senators
Front for Victory (Frente para la Victoria) 5,071,094 29.9 50 3,572,361 45.1 14
Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical) 1,514,653 8.9 10 597,730 7.5 2
Alternative for a Republic of Equals (Alternativa por una República de Iguales) 1,227,726 7.2 8 549,208 6.9 -
Justicialist Party (Partido Justicialista) 1,142,522 6.7 9 58,485 0.7 1
Republican Proposal (Propuesta Republicana - PRO) 1,046,020 6.2 9 492,892 6.2 -
Justicialist Front (Frente Justicialista) 670,309 3.9 7 1,364,880 17.2 3
Progressive, Civic and Social Front (Frente Progresista Cívico y Social) 625,335 3.7 5
Alliance Union of Córdoba (Alianza Unión Córdoba) 530,115 3.1 4
Federalist Unity Party (Partido Unidad Federalista) 372,843 2.2 2
Alliance New Front (Alianza Frente Nuevo) 347,412 2.0 3
Front of Everyone (Frente de Todos) 316,294 1.9 6
Front for the Renewal of Concordia (Frente Renovador de la Concordia) 189,327 1.1 2 187,255 2.4 2
Civic Front for Santiago (Frente Cívico por Santiago) 185,733 1.1 3
Neuquino People's Movement (Movimiento Popular Neuquino) 85,700 0.5 2
Front of Jujuy (Frente Jujeño) 78,051 1.0 1
Alliance Front of Production and Labour (Alianza Frente Produccion y Trabajo) 71,984 0.9 1
Others 3,647,997 21.5 7 953,739 12.0 -
Total (turnout 70.9 % resp. 72.3 %) 16,973,080   127 7,926,585 24
Registered voters 26,098,546 12,081,098
Votes cast 18,513,717 8,730,094
Invalid votes 1,540,637 8.3 803,509 9.2
Source: Adam Carr's Website

Be aware that parties operate under various labels and alliances in the provinces. The National Congress ( Spanish: Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. ... The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentinas parliament. ... The Argentine Senate is the upper house of parliament in Argentina. ... The Front for Victory (Spanish: Frente para la Victoria) is a peronist political front in Argentina. ... The Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical, or UCR) is the foremost opposition party in Argentina. ... The Alternative for a Republic of Equals (Spanish: Alternativa por una República de Iguales) is an Argentine political party. ... The Justicialist Party (Spanish: Partido Justicialista, PJ) is a Peronist political party from Argentina. ... The Justicialist Front (Spanish: Frente Justicialista) is a peronist political party in Argentina. ... The Progressive, Civic and Social Front (Spanish: Frente Progresista Civico y Social) is a provincial political party in Argentina. ... The Alliance New Front (Spanish: Alianza Frente Nuevo) is a political party in Argentina. ... The Front for Everyone (Spanish: Frente de Todos) is a provincial political party in Argentina. ... The Front for the Renewal of Concordia (Spanish: Frente Renovador de la Concordia) is a provincial political party in Argentina. ... The Civic Front for Santiago (Spanish: Frente Civico por Santiago) is a provincial political party in Argentina. ... The Neuquino Peoples Movement (Spanish: Movimiento Popular Neuquiño) is a provincial and liberal party in the province of Neuquén, Argentina. ... The Front of Jujuy (Spanish: Frente Jujeno) is a provincial political party in Argentina. ... The Alliance Front of Production and Labour (Spanish: Alianza Frente Produccion y Trabajo) is a political party in Argentina. ...

In the news

  • CNN
  • Miami Herald
  • Boston Globe
  • Pravda (English edition)
  • AFP (via Yahoo! News)
  • Financial Times
  • From the Line of sight weblog: Pick your poison, And the winner is... (and follow ups).
  • From the GoodAirs weblog: The Argentine Elections and "Clientelismo"

References

In Spanish unless otherwise noted.

  • Election results
  • Election results and maps - Atlas Electoral de Andy Tow
  • National Electoral Direction - Ministry of Interior of Argentina.

 
 

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