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Encyclopedia > Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin performing in 2007
Aretha Franklin performing in 2007
Background information
Birth name Aretha Louise Franklin
Born March 25, 1942 (1942-03-25) (age 66)
Memphis, Tennessee,
United States
Origin Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Genre(s) Soul, R&B, gospel, jazz, rock
Occupation(s) Singer, songwriter, pianist
Instrument(s) Singing, piano
Voice type(s) Mezzo-Soprano
Years active 1956 – Present
Label(s) Columbia, Atlantic, Arista
Associated acts The Sweet Inspirations, Carolyn Franklin, Erma Franklin, Cissy Houston, George Benson, George Michael, Michael McDonald

Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter, and pianist. She is known to her fans "The Queen of Soul" and is affectionately called "Sister Ree" by her fans. She is renowned for her soul recordings but is also adept at jazz, rock, blues, pop, gospel, and even opera.[1] She is widely acclaimed for her passionate, soulful vocal style, which is aided by a massive and powerful vocal range. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 570 pixelsFull resolution (1169 × 833 pixel, file size: 199 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Picture of Aretha Franklin performing at the Nokia Theater in Dallas, Texas, on April 21, 2007. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Detroit redirects here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... R&B redirects here. ... Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article is about the genre. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... Harry Belafonte singing, photograph by C. van Vechten Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, which is often contrasted with speech. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... Voice type, often called Fach (pl. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Arista redirects here. ... The Sweet Inspirations were founded by Cissy Houston, mother of Whitney Houston, and sister of Lee Warrick (herself the mother of well-known sisters Dee Dee and Dionne Warwick). ... Carolyn Franklin is the younger sister of soul music singer Aretha Franklin, she was born in Memphis, Tennessee, on May 13, 1944. ... Erma Vernice Franklin (March 13, 1938–September 7, 2002) was an American soul, rhythm and blues, and pop singer. ... Cissy Houston (born Emily Drinkard on September 30, 1933) is a gospel and soul singer. ... George Benson (b. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... Michael McDonald (born February 12, 1952, in St. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Blues music redirects here. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of the varying music styles) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ...


Franklin is the second most honored female singer in Grammy history (after Alison Krauss). She has won twenty Grammy Awards, which includes the Living Legend Grammy and the Lifetime Achievement Grammy. Aretha won eight consecutive awards between 1968 and 1975,[2] during which time the category of Best Female R&B Vocal Performance was nicknamed "The Aretha Award".[3] Alison Krauss (born July 23, 1971)[1] is an American bluegrass-country singer and fiddle player. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1968. ...


Franklin has had a total of twenty #1 R&B singles - a record unsurpassed by any other recording act - and a total of seventeen top ten singles on the Billboard Hot 100. Two of them became #1 hit songs on the Billboard Hot 100 as well, "Respect" in the 1960s and her 1980s duet with George Michael, "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)". “Hot 100” redirects here. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Respect is the second single from Aretha Franklins tenth album, I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... I Knew You Were Waiting for Me is a 1987 hit song by Aretha Franklin and George Michael. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life and career

Franklin was born on March 25, 1942, in Memphis, Tennessee to the Rev. C. L. Franklin, a Baptist minister, and Barbara Siggers Franklin. Aretha's parents had a troubled relationship and they separated when Aretha was six. Siggers died of a heart attack when Franklin was ten. The fourth of five siblings, Aretha's father's first pulpit after Memphis was in Buffalo, New York. The family subsequently moved to Detroit, Michigan where Rev. Franklin assumed the pulpit of the New Bethel Baptist Church, and gained national fame as a preacher. Adept at the piano as well as having a gifted voice, Franklin became a child prodigy. By the age of fourteen, she signed a record deal with Checker Records, where her father recorded his sermons and gospel vocal recordings and issued The Gospel Soul of Aretha Franklin in 1956. Her earlier influences included Clara Ward and Mahalia Jackson, both of whom spent a lot of time in Aretha's home. is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Memphis was the wife of Epaphus, the founder of Memphis, Egypt in Greek mythology. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Image:Rev. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Barbara Vernice Siggers Franklin (born June 29, 1917 in Shelby, Mississippi) was mother of the legendary soul and gospel singer Aretha Franklin and wife of C. L. Franklin, the famous Black Baptist preacher. ... A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie First Settled 1789 Founded 1801 Incorporated (City) 1832 Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Checker Records was started in 1952 as the gospel subsidiary of Chess Records. ... Clara Ward (April 21, 1924 - January 16, 1973)[1] was a gospel artist who achieved great success, both artistic and commercial, in the 1940s and 1950s as leader of The Famous Ward Singers. ... Mahalia Jackson (October 26, 1911[1] – January 27, 1972) was an American Grammy Award-winning gospel singer, widely regarded as the best in the history of the genre and is the first Queen of Gospel Music. Mahalia Jackson became one of the most influential gospel singers in the world. ...


Teenage pregnancies derailed Franklin's gospel career when she gave birth to the first and second of her four sons in 1955 and 1957. By the time she returned to singing, instead of performing gospel and inspired by the successes of idols Dinah Washington and Sam Cooke, Aretha decided to secure herself a deal as a pop artist. After being offered contracts from Motown and RCA, Franklin signed with Columbia Records in 1960. Her recordings during that time reflected a jazz influence inspired by Washington and moved away from her gospel roots. Franklin initially scored a few hits on Columbia including her version of "Rock-A-Bye Your Baby (With A Dixie Melody)", which peaked at number 37 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart in 1961, and the Top 10 R&B hits, "Today I Sing The Blues", "Won't Be Long" and "Operation Heartbreak". However, by the end of 1966, with little commercial success in six years with Columbia and desperate for a sound, she accepted an offer to sign with Atlantic Records. According to Franklin years later, "they made me sit down on the piano and the hits came." Dinah Washington (August 29, 1924 – December 14, 1963) was a blues, R&B and jazz singer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City, hence mo(tor)town), from where it achieved widespread international success. ... RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ...


"Queen of Soul"

In 1967 Franklin issued her first Atlantic single, "I Never Loved A Man (The Way I Love You)", a blues ballad that introduced listeners to her gospel style. Produced by Jerry Wexler, the song became Franklin's breakthrough single reaching the Top 10 on the Hot 100, and holding the #1 spot for 7 weeks on Billboard's R&B Singles chart. The B-side to the single, "Do Right Woman, Do Right Man", charted on the R&B side, and introduced a more gospel element to Franklin's developing sound. I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You is an album by Aretha Franklin, released on March 10, 1967 (see 1967 in music). ... Blues music redirects here. ... Gerald Jerry Wexler (born January 10, 1917) is a music journalist turned highly influential music producer, and is regarded as one of the major record industry players behind 1960s soul music. ...


Her next single, "Respect", firmly launched Franklin to superstardom. Written and originally recorded by Otis Redding, Franklin's feminist version of the song became a hit reaching #1 on both the R&B and the Pop charts and helping her Atlantic debut album, I Never Loved A Man The Way I Love You, reach million-seller status. In the next ten months, Franklin released a number of top ten hits including "Baby I Love You", "Chain Of Fools" and "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman". Respect is a 1967 hit and the signature song of the R&B singer Aretha Franklin, written and originally released by Volt recording artist Otis Redding in 1965. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... General Name, Symbol, Number platinum, Pt, 78 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 6, d Appearance grayish white Standard atomic weight 195. ... Chain of Fools is a very popular (and successful) Aretha Franklin song first released as a single in 1967 and subsequently appearing on many of her albums. ... Lady Soul is a soul album by Aretha Franklin, released on January 22, 1968 (see 1968 in music). ...


In early 1968 Franklin won her first two Grammies (for "Respect"), including the first Grammy awarded in the "Best Female R&B Vocal Performance" category. Franklin went on to win eight "Best Female R&B Vocal Performance" awards in a row.[2] Over the next seven years, Franklin continued to score hit singles including "Think", "The House That Jack Built", "I Say A Little Prayer" (a cover of Dionne Warwick's hit), "Call Me", "Don't Play That Song" and "Spanish Harlem (song)"a cover of Ben E. King's 1960 hit, reached #2 on Billboard's Hot 100 and gave Aretha her first Top 10 Adult Contemporary (at the time labeled Easy Listening) hit.</ref> This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1968. ... Think is the name of a hit single released by American R&B/soul musician Aretha Franklin in 1968, from her Aretha Now album. ... This Is the House That Jack Built is a popular British nursery rhyme, first popularized by Randolph Caldecott. ... A hit song by Dionne Warwick. ... Marie Dionne Warrick (born December 12, 1940), known professionally as Dionne Warwick, is an acclaimed five-time Grammy Award-winning African American singer best known for her work with Hal David and Burt Bacharach as songwriters and producers. ... Dont Play That Song may refer to: Dont Play That Song (You Lied), a Ben E. King song covered by Aretha Franklin Dont Play That Song (Aretha Franklin album) Dont Play That Song (Ben E. King album) Category: ... Spanish Harlem is a song released by Ben E. King in 1961 on Atco Records. ... Ben E. King (born Benjamin Earl Nelson on September 28, 1938, in Henderson, North Carolina) became a famous soul singer of the early 60s. ...


By the end of the 1960s, Franklin's position as The Queen of Soul was firmly established. Her albums were also hot sellers; one in particular, 1972's Amazing Grace, eventually sold over two million US copies, becoming "the best-selling gospel album of all time".[4] Franklin's hit streak continued into the mid-1970s. 1973's emotional plea "Angel", produced by Quincy Jones and written by Franklin's sister Carolyn, was a stand out single that became yet another #1 on the R&B chart. The subsequent album Hey Now Hey (The Other Side of the Sky), however, was not successful. 1972 album by R&B/gospel legend Aretha Franklin. ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... Carolyn Franklin is the younger sister of soul music singer Aretha Franklin, she was born in Memphis, Tennessee, on May 13, 1944. ... Hey Now Hey (The Other Side of the Sky) is an 1973 album released by R&B/soul icon Aretha Franklin. ...


1974's Gold-certified single "Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do)" hit #1 R&B and #3 on the Billboard Hot 100. By 1975, however, with the expanding exposure of Disco and the popularity of fellow Atlantic artist Roberta Flack, relations between Franklin and Atlantic Records were starting to strain. As a result, Aretha was recording poor material such as 1975's listless You album, and her record sales declined dramatically. Franklin had peaked while the music industry was moving on to younger black female singers such as Natalie Cole, Chaka Khan, and Donna Summer. Until You Come Back to Me (Thats What Im Gonna Do) is the name of a song written by Morris Broadnax, Clarence Paul, and Stevie Wonder. ... This article is about the music genre. ... Roberta Flack Roberta Flack (born February 10, 1937 in Asheville, North Carolina) is an American singer. ... Natalie Maria Cole (born February 6, 1950), known professionally as Natalie Cole, is an American singer and songwriter. ... Chaka Khan (born March 23, 1953) is a multiple Grammy Award-winning American singer known for hit songs such as Im Every Woman, I Feel For You and Through the Fire. Khan was first featured as a member of the funk band Rufus before beginning her solo career. ... Donna Summer (born LaDonna Adrian Gaines on December 31, 1948) is an American singer, songwriter, and artist, best known for a string of dance hits in the late 1970s that earned her the title Queen Of Disco and as one of the few disco-based artists to have longevity on...


Decline and tragedy

In 1976, Franklin's Curtis Mayfield-produced soundtrack of the film, Sparkle, briefly brought Franklin out of her funk. It was her first album to reach Gold status since the landmark Amazing Grace. The suggestive "(Giving Him) Something He Can Feel" became a number-one R&B smash and reached #28 on the Pop side. However, it was Aretha's only Pop Top 40 appearance during the second half of the 1970s. Her later period Atlantic albums including Sweet Passion, Almighty Fire and La Diva were critical as well as sales failures and to top it off Franklin owed major debts to the IRS for failure to pay back taxes. Her recording contract with Atlantic ran out at the end of 1979 and neither Aretha nor the company had any desire to renew it. On June 10, 1979, Franklin's minister father, the Rev. C.L. Franklin, was seriously wounded during what was said to be an attempted robbery at his Linwood Avenue home in Detroit, leaving him in a comatose state in which he remained until he died in the summer of 1984. Curtis Mayfield (June 3, 1942 – December 26, 1999) was an American soul, funk and R&B singer, songwriter and guitarist best known for his anthemic music with The Impressions and composing the soundtrack to the blaxploitation film Superfly. ... Sparkle is an Aretha Franklin album. ... IRS is short for U.S. Internal Revenue Service short for Indian Revenue Service short for Independent rear suspension, used in automobiles. ...


Return to prominence

In 1980, Franklin's career was given a much-needed boost thanks to a cameo appearance on The Blues Brothers, singing Think as Mrs. Matt Murphy. That same year, Clive Davis signed Aretha to his Arista Records. The singles "United Together" and "Love All The Hurt Away" - a duet with George Benson - returned her to the Top 10 on the Billboard R&B Singles chart. But it was the spectacular 1982 album, Jump To It, produced by longtime admirer Luther Vandross, and the title-track 45 that gave Aretha her first R&B chart-topping and pop success since "(Giving Him) Something He Can Feel". The Jump To It album enjoyed a long run at #1 on Billboard's R&B Albums chart (even the Zoomin' album only reached #3). It won an American Music Award, was nominated for a Grammy and was certified Gold in early 1983 - Aretha's first Gold disc since the 1976 Sparkle album. The Blues Brothers is a 1980 musical comedy directed by John Landis and starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd as Joliet Jake and Elwood Blues, characters developed from a Saturday Night Live musical sketch. ... Think is the name of a hit single released by American R&B/soul musician Aretha Franklin in 1968, from her Aretha Now album. ... Clive Jay Davis (born April 4, 1932) is a Grammy Award winning record producer and a leading music industry executive. ... Arista redirects here. ... George Benson (b. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Jump to It is an Aretha Franklin album. ... Luther Ronzoni Vandross, Jr. ...


The following year Franklin and Vandross collaborated again on the disappointing Get It Right. But in 1985, Franklin's sound was commercialized into a glossy pop sound as she experienced her first-ever Platinum-certified album, Who's Zoomin' Who?. Yielding smash hits like the Motown-influenced "Freeway of Love" (U.S. #3), the title track (U.S. #7), and her duet with rock duo Eurythmics, "Sisters Are Doing It For Themselves" (U.S. #18), the album became the first Platinum certification of Aretha's entire career, reintroducing her sound to a younger generation of fans. In 1986, Franklin did nearly as well with an album simply titled Aretha which yielded her first number-one pop single in two decades with the George Michael duet, "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)". The album is noteworthy for the striking cover which was Andy Warhol's last work before his death. Other hits included her cover of The Rolling Stones' "Jumpin' Jack Flash" and the girl group-inspired "Jimmy Lee". When Aretha was taken out of print, it had sold over nine million copies worldwide. Whos Zoomin Who? is an 1985 album by soul/R&B artist Aretha Franklin. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Freeway of Love is a single released from Aretha Franklins Whos Zooming Who album in 1985. ... For the approach to music education, see Eurhythmics. ... Sisters Are Doin It for Themselves is a hit duet recorded between British pop duo Eurythmics (from their Be Yourself Tonight album) and American soul/R&B musician Aretha Franklin (from her Whos Zoomin Who? album), released as a single in 1985. ... The RIAA Logo. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... I Knew You Were Waiting for Me is a 1987 hit song by Aretha Franklin and George Michael. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Jumpin Jack Flash is a song by English rock and roll band The Rolling Stones, released as a single in 1968. ... The Supremes A Go-Go (1966) was the first album by a female group to reach the top position of the Billboard magazine pop albums chart in the United States. ...


Aretha returned to gospel in 1987 with her album One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism which was recorded live at her New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit. However, the disc was a far cry from her 1972 effort Amazing Grace and had middling sales. Subsequent follow-ups such as 1989's Through The Storm and 1991's What You See Is What You Sweat sold poorly and failed to produce any major mainstream hits - other than the former album's Elton John-featured title track - but her career got a slight boost in 1993 when she scored a dance-club hit with "Deeper Love" off the Sister Act 2: Back In The Habit soundtrack. In 1994, she scored another hit with the Babyface-produced ballad, "Willing To Forgive" which hit the Top 5 of Billboard's R&B chart and #26 on the Hot 100. Kenneth Babyface Edmonds (born April 10, 1958 in Indianapolis, Indiana) is an R&B and pop singer, songwriter, keyboardist, record producer, film producer, and entreprenuer. ...


Franklin returned to prominence with her 1998 album, A Rose Is Still A Rose. The album's mixture of urban contemporary, hip-hop soul and soul was a departure from Franklin's previous material. The title track, produced by Lauryn Hill, gave her a smash hit on the R&B and Pop charts and earned a gold single while the album was certified gold also, the first time since 1986's Aretha that any of the singer's albums went gold. That same year, with less than twenty-four hours to prepare, Franklin stepped in for Luciano Pavarotti to sing "Nessun Dorma" at the 1998 Grammy Awards. (Pavarotti, who was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award that night, was too sick to attend.) She gave a soulful and highly improvised performance in the aria's original key, while firmly stamping out the year with a captivating performance during VH-1's "Divas Live" telecast. A Rose Is Still A Rose is a 1998 album released by soul singer Aretha Franklin. ... Contemporary R&B is a music genre of American popular music, the current iteration of the genre that began in the 1940s as rhythm and blues music. ... Hip-hop soul is, despite its name, a subgenre of contemporary R&B. The term generally describes a style of music that blends R&B singing and hip hop production. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Lauryn Noel Hill (born May 25, 1975) is an American singer, rapper, musician, record producer and film actress. ... The RIAA Logo. ... Luciano Pavarotti performing on June 15, 2002 at a concert in the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI[1] (October 12, 1935 – September 6, 2007) was a celebrated Italian tenor in operatic music, who successfully crossed into popular music becoming one of the most... Nessun Dorma (None Shall Sleep) is an aria from the final act of Giacomo Puccinis opera Turandot,[1] and is one of the best known tenor arias in all opera. ... VH1 (which stands for Video Hits 1) is an American cable television channel that was created in 1985. ...


Recent years

Following the success of A Rose Is Still A Rose, Franklin has continued recording if only sporadically. Her most recent release was 2003's So Damn Happy, which included the Grammy-winning track "Wonderful". Shortly after its release, Franklin left Arista Records after twenty-three years with the company. She has since started her own label, Aretha Records, and plans to issue her long-promised new album, A Woman Falling Out Of Love in 2008. She is also coaching young actors during auditions for a musical based on her autobiography, From These Roots. A Rose Is Still A Rose is a 1998 album released by soul singer Aretha Franklin. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1998, Franklin also took again her role of Mrs. Murphy in Blues Brothers 2000, this time singing her old hit "Respect". Like in the 1980 movie, she plays the possessive wife of the lead guitarist of the Blues Brothers Band, singing the song during a row with her husband about his joining his former band. Blues Brothers 2000 is a 1998 musical/comedy film and sequel to the highly successful 1980 film The Blues Brothers. ... Respect is a 1967 hit and the signature song of the R&B singer Aretha Franklin, written and originally released by Volt recording artist Otis Redding in 1965. ...


In 2007, Arista Records released a duets compilation album entitled, "Jewels In The Crown: All-Star Duets With The Queen." The disc features duets performed with Mariah Carey, Whitney Houston, Luther Vandross, Richard Marx, John Legend, Annie Lennox, Mary J. Blige, Frank Sinatra, George Michael, Christina Aguilera, George Benson, Fantasia, and Gloria Estefan. A duet with Faith Hill has been recorded but it's not on the album. The album includes two new recordings with Fantasia, on the lead single "Put You Up On Game" and John Legend. The lead single "Put You Up On Game" hit radio on October 1, 2007 and became the number one most added song on Urban AC radio the following week. The album also includes Aretha's historic rendition of "Nessun Dorma" from the 1998 Grammy telecast. Arista redirects here. ... This article is about the singer. ... Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born August 9, 1963) is a six-time Grammy award winning, American R&B singer, soprano, pianist, actress, film producer, and former model. ... Luther Ronzoni Vandross, Jr. ... Richard Noel Marx (born September 16, 1963 in Winnetka, Illinois) is an adult contemporary and pop/rock singer, songwriter and record producer. ... John Legend (born John Stephens on 28 December 1978) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, and pianist. ... Annie Lennox (born 25 December 1954) is a Scottish musician, vocalist, and Academy Award-winning songwriter. ... Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer-songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, actress, and hip hop icon who has sold more than 40 million records and over 10 million singles worldwide. ... Sinatra redirects here. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... This article is about the singer. ... George Benson (b. ... Fantasia Monique Barrino (born June 30, 1984), or simply Fantasia, is an American pop, R&B, soul singer and Broadway / television actress who rose to fame as the winner of the third season of the television series American Idol in 2004. ... Gloria Estefan (born Gloria María Fajardo on September 22, 1961 in Havana, Cuba) is a five-time Grammy Award-winning Cuban American singer and songwriter. ... Audrey Faith Perry McGraw, known professionally as Faith Hill (born September 21, 1967), is an American country singer, known for her commercial success as well as her marriage to fellow country singer Tim McGraw. ... Fantasia Monique Barrino (born June 30, 1984), or simply Fantasia, is an American pop, R&B, soul singer and Broadway / television actress who rose to fame as the winner of the third season of the television series American Idol in 2004. ... Fantasia chronology Only One U (2007) Put You Up On Game (2007) TBA Put You Up On Game is a duet recorded between R&B/soul singers Aretha Franklin and Fantasia. ... John Legend (born John Stephens on 28 December 1978) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, and pianist. ... Fantasia chronology Only One U (2007) Put You Up On Game (2007) TBA Put You Up On Game is a duet recorded between R&B/soul singers Aretha Franklin and Fantasia. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Urban Adult Contemporary is the name for a format of radio music, similar to an urban contemporary format. ...


On February 8, 2008, Franklin was honored as MusiCares "Person of the Year," two days prior to the 50th Annual Grammy Awards, where she was awarded her 20th Grammy. The MusiCares Foundation, Inc. ... ...


Personal life

Twice divorced, Franklin is the mother of four grown sons. Two of her sons, Kecalf and Teddy, are active in the music business. Teddy is the musical director and guitarist of Franklin's touring band. From 1961 to 1969, Aretha was married to her manager and co-writer Ted White. In 1978 she married Cooley High actor Glynn Turman. White had been a decade older than Aretha while Turman was four years younger. The marriage lasted until late 1982 when Franklin and her family returned permanently to Detroit. She and Turman officially divorced in early 1984. Glynn Turman (born January 31, 1946 in New York, New York) is a stage, television, and film actor. ...


She is the godmother of Whitney Houston, who also grew up to be a pop star, rising to fame in the mid-1980s. A still image of Franklin was shown in the closing scene of Houston's 1985 video for the single How Will I Know. Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born August 9, 1963) is a six-time Grammy award winning, American R&B singer, soprano, pianist, actress, film producer, and former model. ... How Will I Know is the third single from Whitney Houstons self-titled first album. ...


Voice

Aretha Franklin is known for her powerful, refined, and very agile voice. She also possesses a voice spanning numerous octaves and vocal ranges. Earlier in her career, her voice extended well beyond the Soprano C, approaching E6. Additionally, with extensive use of her profound chest voice, she has reached baritone notes, such as the B below Middle C. As a singer most comfortable in the middle of her vocal range, she is perhaps best classified as a coloratura mezzo-soprano due to the agility and bright color of her voice, coupled with her ability to project both high notes typical of a soprano as well as low notes that sopranos are otherwise incapable of approaching. Soprano C, sometimes called High C, is the C two octaves above Middle C It is named because it is considered the highest usable note of the soprano, particularly for choral singers (although some can go higher; Mozarts Der Hölle Rache, the Queen of the Night aria from... For other uses, see Baritone (disambiguation). ... In Western music, the expression middle C refers to the note C or Do located exactly between the two staves of the grand staff, quoted as C4 in note-octave notation (also known as scientific pitch notation). ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... This article is about the voice-type. ...


Awards and achievements

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... For album by Prince, see Musicology (album). ... University of Detroit Mercy (4001 W. McNichols Rd. ... The National Medal of Arts is an award and title bestowed on selected honorees by the National Endowment for the Arts. ... This article is about the music magazine. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Elvis redirects here. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born 18 October 1926, St. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), better known by the stage name Little Richard, is an African-American singer, songwriter, and pianist, who began performing in the 1940s and was a key figure in the transition from rhythm & blues to rock and roll in the mid-1950s. ... For Ray Charles, the composer and conductor of the Ray Charles Singers, see Ray Charles (composer). ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an... The UK Music Hall of Fame honours musicians for their lifetime fame in music. ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum, not to be confused with an honors degree) is an academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Berklee College of Music, founded in 1945, is an independent music college in Boston, Massachusetts with many prominent faculty, staff, alumni, and visiting artists. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Kennedy Center as seen from the Potomac River. ... This article is about the concept of time. ... The MusiCares Foundation, Inc. ...

Grammy Awards

Franklin has won twenty Grammy Awards in total during her nearly half-century long career (she first charted in 1961), and holds the record for most Best Female R&B Vocal Performance award with eleven to her name (including eight consecutive awards from 1968 to 1975 - the first eight awarded in that category).

Aretha Franklin's Grammy Award Wins
# Year Category Genre Title
1 1968 Best Rhythm And Blues Recording R&B Respect
2 1968 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Respect
3 1969 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Chain Of Fools
4 1970 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Share Your Love With Me
5 1971 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Don't Play That Song For Me
6 1972 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Bridge Over Troubled Water
7 1973 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Young, Gifted and Black (album)
8 1973 Best Soul Gospel Performance Gospel Amazing Grace (album)
9 1974 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Master Of Eyes
10 1975 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing
11 1982 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Hold On...I'm Comin' (album track)
12 1986 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Freeway Of Love
13 1988 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Aretha (album)
14 1988 Best R&B Performance - Duo Or Group with Vocals R&B I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me) (with George Michael)
15 1989 Best Soul Gospel Performance - Female Gospel One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism (album)
16 1991 Living Legend Award Special
17 1994 Lifetime Achievement Award Special
18 2004 Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance R&B Wonderful
19 2006 Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance R&B A House Is Not A Home
20 2008 Best Gospel-Soul Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group Gospel Never Gonna Break My Faith (with Mary J. Blige)

The Grammy Award for Best Rhythm & Blues Recording was awarded from 1959 to 1968. ... The Grammy Award for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1968. ... The Grammy Award for Best Soul Gospel Performance was awarded from 1969 to 1977. ... The Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal has been awarded since 1970. ... For other persons named George Michael, see George Michael (disambiguation). ... The Grammy Award for Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female was awarded from 1984 to 1989. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and... The Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1999. ... Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer-songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, actress, and hip hop icon who has sold more than 40 million records and over 10 million singles worldwide. ...

Discography

Further information: Aretha Franklin discography

Notable albums: This discography documents the releases of albums and singles by the seventeen Grammy Award winning US singer, Aretha Franklin. ...

  • 1979 La Diva
  • 1980 Aretha
  • 1981 Love All The Hurt Away
  • 1982 Jump To It
  • 1983 Get It Right'
  • 1985 Who's Zoomin' Who?
  • 1986 Aretha
  • 1987 One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism
  • 1989 Through The Storm
  • 1991 What You See Is What You Sweat
  • 1994 Greatest Hits 1980-1994
  • 1998 A Rose Is Still A Rose
  • 2003 So Damn Happy
  • 2007 Jewels In The Crown: All-Star Duets With The Queen

Top 10 US Hot 100 singles: I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You is an album by Aretha Franklin, released on March 10, 1967 (see 1967 in music). ... Aretha Arrives is a 1967 album by soul singer Aretha Franklin. ... Lady Soul is a soul album by Aretha Franklin, released on January 22, 1968 (see 1968 in music). ... Aretha Now is a 1968 album by soul musician, Aretha Franklin. ... Soul 69 is a 1969 album of cover material released by soul legend Aretha Franklin. ... This Girls In Love With You is a 1970 album (see 1970 in music) by soul musician Aretha Franklin. ... Aretha Live at Fillmore West is an album by Aretha Franklin, released on May 19, 1971 (see 1971 in music). ... Young, Gifted and Black is a soul album by Aretha Franklin, released in 1971 (see 1971 in music). ... 1972 album by R&B/gospel legend Aretha Franklin. ... Hey Now Hey (The Other Side of the Sky) is an 1973 album released by R&B/soul icon Aretha Franklin. ... Let Me in Your Life is an album by Aretha Franklin. ... With Everything I Feel in Me is an 1974 album released by R&B/soul singer Aretha Franklin. ... You is an Aretha Franklin album. ... Sparkle is an Aretha Franklin album. ... Almighty Fire is an Aretha Franklin album. ... Jump to It is an Aretha Franklin album. ... Get It Right is an Aretha Franklin album. ... Whos Zoomin Who? is an 1985 album by soul/R&B artist Aretha Franklin. ... A Rose Is Still A Rose is a 1998 album released by soul singer Aretha Franklin. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the main singles chart used by Billboard magazine. ...

Year Title Peak
1967 "I Never Loved A Man (The Way I Love You)" 9
1967 "Respect" 1
1967 "Baby I Love You" 4
1967 "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman" 8
1967 "Chain Of Fools" 2
1968 "(Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone" 5
1968 "Think" 7
1968 "The House That Jack Built" 6
1968 "I Say a Little Prayer" 10
1971 "Bridge Over Troubled Water" / "Brand New Me" 6
1971 "Spanish Harlem" 2
1971 "Rock Steady" 9
1972 "Day Dreaming" 5
1973 "Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do)" 3
1985 "Who's Zoomin Who?" 7
1985 "Freeway of Love" 3
1987 "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (with George Michael) 1

The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You) is a 1967 soul single released by American singer Aretha Franklin. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... Respect is a 1967 hit and the signature song of the R&B singer Aretha Franklin, written and originally released by Volt recording artist Otis Redding in 1965. ... The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... Lady Soul is a soul album by Aretha Franklin, released on January 22, 1968 (see 1968 in music). ... The year 1967 was an important year for psychedelic music, with releases from Small Faces Itchycoo Park,The Doors (The Doors, Strange Days), Jefferson Airplane (Surrealistic Pillow, After Bathing at Baxters), the Beatles Sgt. ... Chain of Fools is a very popular (and successful) Aretha Franklin song first released as a single in 1967 and subsequently appearing on many of her albums. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... Think is the name of a hit single released by American R&B/soul musician Aretha Franklin in 1968, from her Aretha Now album. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... A hit song by Dionne Warwick. ... // February 8 - Bob Dylans hour-long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... Music sample Bridge over Troubled Water Problems? See media help. ... // February 8 - Bob Dylans hour-long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... Spanish Harlem is a song released by Ben E. King in 1961 on Atco Records. ... // February 8 - Bob Dylans hour-long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... // January 17 - Highway 51 South in Memphis, Tennessee is renamed Elvis Presley Blvd January 20 - Pink Floyd debuts Dark Side of the Moon during a performance at The Dome, in Brighton, but due to technical difficulties, is halted during the song Money. ... // January 9 - Mick Jaggers request for a Japanese visa is rejected on account of a 1969 drug bust, putting an abrupt end to The Rolling Stones plans to tour Asia. ... Until You Come Back to Me (Thats What Im Gonna Do) is the name of a song written by Morris Broadnax, Clarence Paul, and Stevie Wonder. ... See also: other events of 1985 Musical groups established in 1985 Record labels established in 1985 list of years in music 1980s in music // January 28 - Various artists, including Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Steve Perry, Kenny Loggins, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Kenny... See also: other events of 1985 Musical groups established in 1985 Record labels established in 1985 list of years in music 1980s in music // January 28 - Various artists, including Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Steve Perry, Kenny Loggins, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Kenny... Freeway of Love is a single released from Aretha Franklins Whos Zooming Who album in 1985. ... See also: Musical groups established in 1987 Record labels established in 1987 // January 3 - Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... I Knew You Were Waiting for Me is a 1987 hit song by Aretha Franklin and George Michael. ...

Filmography

  • The Blues Brothers (1980)
  • Motown 40: The Music Is Forever (1998) (ABC-TV documentary)
  • Blues Brothers 2000 (1998)
  • DIVAS LIVE (1998)
  • Immaculate Funk (2000) (documentary)
  • Rhythm, Love and Soul (2002)
  • Tom Dowd & the Language of Music (2003) (documentary)
  • Singing in the Shadow: The Children of Rock Royalty (2003) (documentary)
  • From The Heart / The Four Tops 50th Anniversary and Celebration (2004)
  • Atlantic Records: The House that Ahmet Built (2007) (documentary)

The Blues Brothers is a 1980 musical comedy directed by John Landis and starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd as Joliet Jake and Elwood Blues, characters developed from a Saturday Night Live musical sketch. ... Blues Brothers 2000 is a 1998 musical/comedy film and sequel to the highly successful 1980 film The Blues Brothers. ...

TV Talkshow Music Appearances

Rolonda Watts Rolonda Watts (born July 12, 1959 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina) is an African-American actress and former television talk show host. ... Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... Patti LaBelle (born May 24, 1944) is an American R&B, soul singer and songwriter. ... Gladys Maria Knight (born May 28, 1944 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA) is a seven-time Grammy Award-winning American R&B/soul singer, actress and author. ...

References

  1. ^ Dobkin, Matt (2004). I Never Loved a Man the Way I Loved You: Aretha Franklin, Respect, and the Making of a Soul Music Masterpiece. New York: St. Martin's Press, p221. ISBN 0-312-31828-6. 
  2. ^ a b Natalie Cole broke Aretha's "Best Female R&B Vocal Performance" winning streak with her 1975 single, "This Will Be (An Everlasting Love)" (which, ironically, was originally offered to Franklin).
  3. ^ Austin, Mona (February 22, 2008). MUSICARES GIVES ARETHA FRANKLIN THE ROYAL TREATMENT: The Queen still commands r-e-s-p-e-c-t 40 years later. EURweb.
  4. ^ Aretha's "best-selling gospel album" status was later surpassed by Whitney Houston's, The Preacher's Wife.
  5. ^ The Immortals: The First Fifty. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.

Natalie Maria Cole (born February 6, 1950), known professionally as Natalie Cole, is an American singer and songwriter. ... Whitney Elizabeth Houston (born August 9, 1963) is a six-time Grammy award winning, American R&B singer, soprano, pianist, actress, film producer, and former model. ... The Preachers Wife is a 1996 film directed by Penny Marshall and produced by Debra Martin Chase. ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Franklin, Aretha Louise
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION American singer
DATE OF BIRTH March 25, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH Memphis, Tennessee, United States
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... Rollingstone is a city located in Winona County, Minnesota. ... WorldCat is the worlds largest bibliographic database, the merged catalogs of over 50,000 OCLC member libraries in over 90 countries. ...

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Aretha Franklin Tickets, Aretha Franklin Concert Tickets at StubHub! (432 words)
Aretha Franklin is a national treasure and a pioneer, not just in soul music, but also in a social context.
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Aretha Franklin was born in Memphis in 1942, but spent most of her childhood in Detroit, where she learned to sing in her father's church.
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The rest is history for Aretha as she began to prove she could perfect an unattained sound of gospel and R&B being dubbed "The Queen of Soul" by the late ‘60's.
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Aretha shows her perseverance as an artist and performer on her most recent release, So Damn Happy.
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