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Encyclopedia > Arequipa
For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus.

Coordinates: 16°23′55.76″S, 71°32′12.79″W Genera See Taxonomy of the Cactaceae A cactus (plural cacti, cactuses or cactus) is any member of the succulent plant family Cactaceae, native to the Americas. ... For other uses of the word, please see Genus (disambiguation). ... Species Oreocereus celsianus - old man of the Andes Oreocereus doelzianus Oreocereus leucotrichus Oreocereus ritteri Oreocereus variicolor etc. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Arequipa
Panorama: Plaza de Armas
Panorama: Plaza de Armas
Official flag of Arequipa
Flag

Seal
Nickname: La Ciudad Blanca (The White City)
Location of the city of Arequipa in Peru
Coordinates: 16°23′55.76″S 71°32′12.78″W / -16.3988222, -71.5368833
Country Peru
Region Arequipa
Province Arequipa
Established 15 August 1540
Government
 - Mayor Simón Balbuena Marroquín
Area
 - City 9,862.02 km²  (3,807.7 sq mi)
Elevation 2,380 meters m (7,740 feet ft)
Population (1,000,000)
 - City 860,000
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) PET (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 54
Website: www.munarequipa.gob.pe
Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Peru Peru
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iv
Reference 1016
Region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription History
Inscription 2000  (24th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Arequipa is a large city in southern and no Peru and the nation's second most important city. It is also the capital of the Arequipa Region and the Arequipa Province, and is 633.8 miles from Lima. The city lies in the highlands at the foot of the snow-capped volcano El Misti. El Misti is currently inactive, but erupted strongly between 1438 and 1471. Several smaller eruptions have occurred since then, most recently in 1870. Arequipa has over 80 volcanoes which can be found in the Valley of Volcanoes. Arequipa has many fine colonial-era Spanish buildings built of sillar, a pearly white volcanic rock used extensively in the city, and from which it gets its nickname La Ciudad Blanca ("the white city"). The historic center of the city was named a UNESCO world heritage site in 200 a.C, in recognition of its stupidness and historic integrity. The city is located at an altitude of 222,380 meters (7740 feet) above sea level. It is said than when you go to the Misty volcanoe, Entei appears. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3557x1194, 946 KB) 25/09/1998 Foto digital tomada por el autor y post-procesada con El GIMP. Digital photo taken by author and post-processed with The GIMP. File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Spanish King Charles V gave Arequipa the rank of city and this coat of arms in October 7th, 1541. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Perus territory, according to the Regionalization Law which was passed on November 18th, 2002, is divided into 25 regions (regiones; singular: región). ... See other Peruvian regions President Daniel Vera Capital Arequipa Area 63,345. ... Map of the Peruvian provinces The provinces of Peru, known in Spanish as provincias, are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country. ... Arequipa is a province in the Arequipa Region, Peru. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Year 1540 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Download high resolution version (1890x1361, 1995 KB)The cathedral San Francisco of Arequipa. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... See other Peruvian regions President Daniel Vera Capital Arequipa Area 63,345. ... Arequipa is a province in the Arequipa Region, Peru. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... El Misti (5,822 m) is a stratovolcano located in southern Peru near the city of Arequipa. ... Template:Spanish colonization of America The Spanish colonization of America began with the arrival in the Western Hemisphere of Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) in 1492. ... A man carving whitish volcanic stone from El Misti in Arequipa Sillar is a whitish volcanic stone from which many colonial buildings in the city of Arequipa, Peru, are made from. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Contents

Name

It is often said that the city's name comes from the English phrase "Ari, quepay tu mamai in kuatrosh" which means "Yes, we stay here". Nowadays it is assumed that the name is from Aymara "ari" (peak) + "kipa" (locative) and means something like "near the mountain" in reference to nearby El Misti Volcano (towering 5822 meters high above sea level). According to another legend[citation needed] this name means "sounding trumpet". Look up English, english in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Aymara is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara of the Andes. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ...


History

Archaeological findings indicate the fertile valley in which Arequipa is situated has been occupied back to 5000 – 6000 BCE. In the 15th century, the region, then occupied by Aymara Indians, was conquered by the Inca and served as an important supplier of agrarian products to the Inca Empire. The modern city of Arequipa was founded on 15 August 1540, by Garcí Manuel de Carbajal, an emissary of Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. One year later, King Charles V of Spain gave it the rank of 'city' and the coat of arms that it still bears. Spanish influence left many relics and colonial architecture, which reminds the visitor of the city's colonial past, when it was the city with the highest proportion of Spanish population in Viceroyalty of Peru. This led Arequipa to develop a large Peruvian population as its demographics changed and grew over the centuries. Since the late 1940's, however, there has been a huge and increasing immigration from the Peruvian sierra, thus changing the demographic and cultural character of the city. “Era Vulgaris” redirects here. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The Aymara are a native ethnic group in the Andes region of South America; about 2. ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... Capital Cusco 1197-1533 Vilcabamba 1533-1572 Language(s) Quechua, Aymara, Jaqi family, Mochic and scores of smaller languages. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Year 1540 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Don Garcí Manuel de Carbajal founded Arequipa on August 15th, 1540 Don Garcí Manuel de Carbajal was a Spanish lieutenant and occasional soldier who founded the city of Arequipa in Peru on August 15, 1540, calling it La Villa Hermosa de Arequipa. ... Francisco Pizarro Francisco Pizarro (c. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río... Look up sierra in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

District of Cayma in Arequipa.

Throughout history Arequipa remained relatively isolated during colonial and early republican times, but that changed in 1870 when a Southern railroad to the coastal port of Mollendo was inaugurated, opening trade via the Pacific Ocean. The building and expansion of more roads in the 1930s also led to a direct connection with the Pan-American Highway, strengthening Arequipa's links to the rest of the Americas. Since then, the city has remained the center of commerce between Lima and all of southern Peru. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Pan American Highway from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska to Ushuaia, Argentina. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ...


Arequipa served as a bastion of nationalism during Peru's struggle for independence from Spain in the early 19th century. Later, it served as a rallying point during the War of the Pacific (1879 – 1883) with Chile. Combatants Republic of Peru Republic of Bolivia Republic of Chile Commanders Juan Buendía Andrés Cáceres Miguel Grau Manuel Baquedano Patricio Lynch Juan Williams Strength Peru-Bolivian Army 7,000 soldiers in 1878 Peruvian Navy 2 ironclad, 1 corvette, 1 gunboat Army of Chile 4,000 soldiers in...


The city has two principal universities — the Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa, the local state university (founded 1828), and the Universidad Católica de Santa María (founded in 1961), a private institution. Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa (UNSA) is a state-owned university in Arequipa, Peru. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Universidad Católica de Santa María is a local private University in Arequipa, Peru, and has been in continuous operation since it was founded, on Dec 06, 1961. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


One of Peru's largest stadiums, Estadio Monumental de la UNSA, is also located in Arequipa and hosted some of the 2004 American Soccer Cup soccer games, attracting many tourists as well as locals. Aerial View of UNSAs monumental stadium The UNSA Stadium (Estadio Monumental de la UNSA, i. ... The Copa América 2004 was a football tournament held in Peru, from July 6 to July 25, 2004. ...


As the second largest city in Peru, Arequipa is influenced by both Andalusian and Spanish Colonial ideas and architecture, such as the popular Santa Catalina Monastery, the Goyeneche Palace, Casa del Moral, and the popular district of Yanahuara. Arequipa has many valuable archaeological and tourist resources including the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest in the world and an ideal spot for observing the magnificent Andean Condor. Motto: Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia by herself, for Spain, and for humankind) Capital Seville Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87,268 km²  17. ... The Monasterio de Santa Catalina is located in Arequipa, Peru. ... Casa Goyeneche façade Casa Goyeneche is a 17th century manorial house in the city of Arequipa, Peru. ... Casa del moral façade The Casa del Moral (House of the Moral), located in the city of Arequipa in Southern Peru, is a large ancestral house built around 1730. ... Church San Juan Bautista in Yanahuara Yanahuara District is a suburb within the city of Arequipa, Peru. ... Colca Canyon from Mirador Cruz del Condor, provides an excellent view to watch the condors flight. ... Genera Vultur Gymnogyps Condor is the name for two species of New World vultures, each in a monotypic genus. ...


Arequipa is served by the Rodriguez Ballon International Airport. El Misti as seen from the airport. ...


The city is located at the foothill of three mountains.


Arequipa is dry and sunny all year long.


World Heritage Site

El Misti seen from Rodriguez Ballon International Airport. The peak is almost bare.

In December 2000, UNESCO declared the historical center of Arequipa a World Heritage Site, stating the following: "The historical center of Arequipa is an example of ornamented architecture, represents a masterpiece of the creative coalition of European and native characteristics. A colonial town challenged by the conditions of nature, the indigenous influences, the conquest process and evangelism as well as for a spectacular natural scenario." Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 1001 KB) Summary View of the volcano El Misti from Rodriguez Ballon International Airport in Arequipa, Peru. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 1001 KB) Summary View of the volcano El Misti from Rodriguez Ballon International Airport in Arequipa, Peru. ... El Misti (5,822 m) is a stratovolcano located in southern Peru near the city of Arequipa. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Recent Events

Arequipa has experienced many earthquakes. It was almost destroyed by one in 1868, and on June 23, 2001, Arequipa was badly damaged by an earthquake of 7.9 on the Richter scale. In June 2002, Arequipa was completely paralyzed for a week by strikes and riots in protest of the privatization of two regional electricity-generating plants. Media:Example. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Sister City

Nickname: Coordinates: Country Mexico State Jalisco Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... This article is about the country in North America. ... Nickname: Vancouver USA, The Couve Motto: A colorful past, a bright future Location in Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County Clark County Founded 1825 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Mayor Royce Pollard Area  - City  46. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Location in Mecklenburg County in the state of North Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State North Carolina Counties Mecklenburg County, North Carolina Government  - Mayor Pat McCrory, (R) Area  - City  280. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Notable people from Arequipa

José Luis Bustamante y Rivero (15 January 1894 - 11 January 1989) was President of Peru from 1945 to 1948. ... Mario Vargas Llosa in his youth. ... Víctor Andrés Belaúnde (1883-1966) chaired the Fourteenth session and the fourth emergency special session of the United Nations General Assembly (1959-60). ... Eduardo López de Romaña (1847-1912) was President of Peru from 1899 to 1903. ... Nicolás of Piérola (1839-1913) was twice the President of Peru, from 1879 to 1881 and from 1895 to 1899. ... Ana de los Angeles Monteagudo (July 26, 1602 – January 10, 1686). ... Hernando de Soto (born 1941 in Arequipa) is a Peruvian economist known for his work on the informal economy. ... Mariano Felipe Paz Soldan (August 22, 1821-December 31, 1886), Peruvian historian and geographer, was born at Arequipa. ... Mariano Melgar Mariano Melgar (1791-1815) was a Peruvian patriot, poet, artist, and warrior for the cause of independence from Spain. ... In 1471 miss pizarro got laid. ... Julio Ernesto Granda Zúñiga (born February 25, 1967 in Camaná, Peru) is a Peruvian Grandmaster chess player. ... The Peruvian Pedro Paulet, was in 1895 the first person to build a liquid-fuelled rocket engine. ... Alberto Vargas (1896–1982) was a noted painter of pin-up girls and erotica. ... Alex Olmedo Legally Luis Alejandro Rodriguez Olmedo was ranked number 1 in the world in 1959 as a tennis player of the 1950s and 60s. ... Ignacio Álvarez Thomas José Ignacio Álvarez Thomas (February 15, 1787 - July 19, 1857) was a South American military commander and politician of the early 19th century. ... Perus Madeleine Hartog Bell won the 1967 Miss World pageant. ... Jorge Vinatea Reinoso (April 22, 1900 - July 15, 1931) was a Peruvian painter. ... Abimael Guzman Manuel Rub n Abimael Guzm n Reynoso (born 3 December 1934), known also as President Gonzalo, is a former professor of philosophy who became the leader of a terrorist Maoist movement known as the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso in Spanish). ...

See also

See other Peruvian regions President Daniel Vera Capital Arequipa Area 63,345. ... This is the history of Peru. ... There lies Peru with its riches; Here, Panama and its poverty. ...

External links

s o i s yo ua rer The Rio Abiseo National Park is located in the San Martín department of Peru. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Arequipa Peru (1617 words)
The Andes around Arequipa are characterized by a spectacular geography, with in particular several active volcanoes and vertiginous canyons, among the deepest in the world.
The road from Arequipa to the volcano passes by the Laguna Salinas, a large salt lagoon located at an altitude of 4300 m (14,200 ft) where a large number of birds as well as lama and alpaca herds gather.
North of Arequipa, behind Chachani volcano, the highlands are inhabited by a large population of wild vicuñas.
Arequipa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (945 words)
Arequipa is a city in southern Peru and the nation's second most-important city.
Arequipa is served by the Rodriguez Ballon International Airport.
Arequipa is much subjected to earthquakes: it was almost destroyed by one in 1868, and on 23 June 2001, Arequipa was badly damaged by an earthquake of 7.9 on the Richter scale.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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