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Encyclopedia > Area code

A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive A telephone handset A touch-tone telephone dial Telephone The telephone or phone (Greek: tele = far away and phone = voice) is a telecommunications device that transmits speech by means of electric signals. Generally attributed to the inventor Alexander Graham Bell, the first was built in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1876. However... telephone calls across long distances.


The area code is that part of the dialed A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits (0-9) that is used for identifying a destination telephone line in a telephone network. Telephone numbers are often assigned to lines that have other devices hooked to them such as faxes, modems, subscribers and network services. Each such endpoint must... telephone number that specifies a telephone exchange system. Telephone numbering plans assign area codes to exchanges, so that dialers may contact telephones outside their local system. Normally occurring at the beginning of the number, area codes usually indicate geographical areas. Together, numbering plans and their component area codes direct A telephone handset A touch-tone telephone dial Telephone The telephone or phone (Greek: tele = far away and phone = voice) is a telecommunications device that transmits speech by means of electric signals. Generally attributed to the inventor Alexander Graham Bell, the first was built in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1876. However... telephone calls to particular regions on a The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the concatenation of the worlds public circuit-switched telephone networks, in much the same way that the Internet is the concatenation of the worlds public IP-based packet-switched networks. Originally a network of fixed-line analog telephone systems, the PSTN... public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network.


Callers within the geographical area of a given area code usually do not need to include this particular area code in the number dialed, thereby giving the caller shorter local telephone numbers. In international phone numbers, the area code directly follows the This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... country calling code.


Although the The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. It was founded as the International Telegraph Union in Paris in May 17, 1865, and is today the worlds oldest international organization. Its main tasks include standardization, allocation of the radio... International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has attempted to promote common standards among nation states, numbering plans take different formats in different parts of the world. For example, the ITU recommends that member states adopt 00 as their international access code. However, as these recommendations are not binding on member states, many have not, such as the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States, Canada is an independent sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. Bordering the United States, its territorial claims extend north into the Arctic Ocean as far as the North Pole. Canada is a federation of ten provinces... Canada, and other countries and territories participating in the The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a system for three-digit area codes that direct telephone calls to particular regions on a public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network. It is applied to the United States and its territories; Canada; Bermuda; and... North American Numbering Plan.


The international numbering plan establishes Country codes are short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) developed to represent countries and dependent areas, for use in data processing and communications. Several different systems have been developed to do this. The most famous of these is ISO 3166-1. Contents // 1 Lists of country codes by country... country codes, that is, area codes that denote nations or groups of nations. The E.164 is an ITU-T recommendation which defines the international public telecommunication numbering plan used in the PSTN and some other data networks. The title of the original and revision 1 was Numbering Plan for the ISDN era. E.164 adresses can be used in DNS by using Electronic... E.164 standard regulates Country codes are short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) developed to represent countries and dependent areas, for use in data processing and communications. Several different systems have been developed to do this. The most famous of these is ISO 3166-1. Contents // 1 Lists of country codes by country... country codes at the international level. However, it is each country's responsibility to define the numbering within its own network. As a result, regional area codes may have:

  • A fixed length, e.g. 3 digits in the The primary regulator of communications in the United States is the Federal Communications Commission. It regulates all of the industries mentioned below with the exception of the Internet service provider industry. Telephones - main lines in use: 178 million (1999) Telephones - mobile cellular: 55.312 million (1997) Telephone system: domestic: a... US; 1 digit in Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only one to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/ Oceania. It also includes a number of secondary islands, the largest of which is Tasmania, an Australian State. Australia is... Australia.
  • A variable length, e.g. between 2 and 5 in Instrumental in founding the Universal Postal Union, Germany early on set standards for international communications and the development of an integrated internal system, which has developed with technological advances from land mail (Turn und Taxis), to telegraph, to modern-day telephone and satellite communications. Telephones - main lines in use: NA... Germany and in The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The state is a representative democracy... Austria; between 1 and 3 in 日本国 (Nihon/Nippon-koku)  listen? ( Flag of Japan) ( Imperial Seal) Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0.8% Population  - Total ( 2004)  - Density Ranked 10th 127,333... Japan; 1 or 2 in Communications in Israel: Telephones - main lines in use: 2.9 million (2003) Telephones - mobile cellular: 6.4 million (2003) Telephone system: most highly developed system in the Middle East although not the largest domestic: good system of coaxial cable and microwave radio relay; all systems are digital international: 3 submarine... Israel.
  • Or be incorporated into the subscriber's number, as is the case in many countries, such as Telephones - main lines in use: 17.336 million (1999) Telephones - mobile cellular: 8.394 million (1999) Telephone system: generally adequate, modern facilities domestic: NA international: 22 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), NA Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to adjacent countries Radio broadcast... Spain or Telephones - main lines in use: 2.735 million (1998) Telephones - mobile cellular: 2,080,408 (1998) Telephone system: high-quality domestic and international telephone, telegraph, and telex services domestic: domestic satellite system international: 2 buried coaxial cable systems; 4 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - NA Eutelsat, NA Intelsat (Atlantic... Norway. This is known as a "closed" telephone numbering plan. In some cases a trunk code (usually 0) must still be dialled, as in The Kingdom of Belgium ( Dutch: Koninkrijk België, French: Royaume de Belgique, German: Königreich Belgien) is a country in Western Europe, bordered by the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France, and the North Sea. Belgium is at a cultural crossroad between Germanic Europe and Romance Europe. It has Dutch speakers... Belgium, The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The country has a strong tradition of political and military neutrality, but also of international co-operation, and is home to many international organisations. Confoederatio Helvetica (CH), the Latin version... Switzerland and The Republic of South Africa (pronunciation) is a large republic in Southern Africa. It is located at the southern tip of the continent, and borders Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Swaziland. The small nation of Lesotho is entirely contained within South African territory. Its economy is the largest and most... South Africa.

In many cases the area codes determine the rate (price) of a call. For example, in North America calls to the 800, 888, 877, and 866 areas are free to the caller and paid by the receiver, while calls to the 900 area are "premium rate", which means "more expensive". Normally intra-area calls are charged lower than inter-area calls, but there are exceptions, e.g. in Communications in Israel: Telephones - main lines in use: 2.9 million (2003) Telephones - mobile cellular: 6.4 million (2003) Telephone system: most highly developed system in the Middle East although not the largest domestic: good system of coaxial cable and microwave radio relay; all systems are digital international: 3 submarine... Israel both are charged at the same rate.

Contents

Open numbering plans

An open A numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunications. This is a set of rules used for making numbers. For example, most telephone numbers belong to the E.164 numbering plan, though that wont include internal extensions in some PABXs. The E.164 numbering plan for... numbering plan is one in which there are different dialing arrangements for local and long distance telephone calls. This means that to call another number within the same city or area, callers need only dial the number, but for calls outside the area, an This article or section should be merged with Telephone numbering plan -- ran (talk) 21:23, Jan 30, 2005 (UTC) Contents // 1 United States and Canada 2 United Kingdom 3 Australia 4 Netherlands 5 Germany 6 Sweden 7 Brazil 8 See also 9 External links The area code is a part... area code is required. The area code is prefixed by a trunk code (usually "0"), which is omitted when calling from outside the country. To call a number in Amsterdam in the The Netherlands ( Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ( Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the... Netherlands for example:

 xxx xxxx (within Amsterdam- no area code required) (020) xxx xxxx (outside Amsterdam) +31 20 xxx xxxx (outside the Netherlands) 

In the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States, Canada is an independent sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. Bordering the United States, its territorial claims extend north into the Arctic Ocean as far as the North Pole. Canada is a federation of ten provinces... Canada, and other countries or territories using the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), the trunk code is '1', which is also (by coincidence) the This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... country calling code. To call a number in This article is about the city in California. For other meanings, see San Francisco (disambiguation). San Francisco skyline. The City and County of San Francisco (population 776,773), the fourth-largest city in the state of California, United States in terms of population, is a consolidated city-county situated at... San Francisco, the dialing procedure will vary:

 xxx xxxx (local calls, no area code required) 1 415 xxx xxxx (outside San Francisco) 415 xxx xxxx (mobile phones within NANP) +1 415 xxx xxxx (outside NANP) 

However, in parts of North America, especially where a new area code overlays an older area code, dialing 1 + area code is now required even for local calls, which means that the NANP is now closed in certain areas and open in others. Dialing from mobile phones is different in that the area code is always necessary, but not the trunk code; this is true regardless of the phone's area code.


Closed numbering plans

A closed numbering plan is one in which the subscriber's number is a standard length, and is used for all calls, even in the same area. This has traditionally been the case in small countries and territories where area codes have not been required. However, there has been a trend in many countries towards making all numbers a standard length, and incorporating the area code into the subscriber's number.This usually makes the use of a trunk code obsolete. For example, to call Oslo in Norway (disambiguation). The Kingdom of Norway is a Nordic country on the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, bordering Sweden, Finland and Russia, with territorial waters bordering Danish and British waters. It has a very elongated form and has an extensive coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean, where Norways... Norway before 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1989 1990 1991 - 1992 - 1993 1994 1995 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1992 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1992, one would dial:

 xxx xxx (within Oslo - no area code required) (02) xxx xxx +47 2 xxx xxx (outside Norway) 

After 1992, this changed to a closed eight-digit numbering plan, eg:

 22xx xxxx (within Norway - including Oslo) +47 22xx xxxx (outside Norway) 

In other countries, such as The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France, The Kingdom of Belgium ( Dutch: Koninkrijk België, French: Royaume de Belgique, German: Königreich Belgien) is a country in Western Europe, bordered by the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France, and the North Sea. Belgium is at a cultural crossroad between Germanic Europe and Romance Europe. It has Dutch speakers... Belgium, The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The country has a strong tradition of political and military neutrality, but also of international co-operation, and is home to many international organisations. Confoederatio Helvetica (CH), the Latin version... Switzerland, and The Republic of South Africa (pronunciation) is a large republic in Southern Africa. It is located at the southern tip of the continent, and borders Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Swaziland. The small nation of Lesotho is entirely contained within South African territory. Its economy is the largest and most... South Africa, the trunk code is retained for domestic calls, whether local or national, eg:

 Paris 01 xxxx xxxx (outside France +33 1 xxxx xxxx) Brussels 02 xxx xxxx (outside Belgium +32 2 xxx xxxx) Geneva 022 xxx xxxx (outside Switzerland +41 22 xxx xxxx) Cape Town 021 xxx xxxx (outside South Africa +27 21 xxx xxxx) 

While the use of full national dialing is less user-friendly than only using a local number without the area code, the increased use of mobile phones, which require full national dialing and can store numbers, means that this is of decreasing importance. It also makes easier to display numbers in the international format, as no trunk code is required- hence a number in Prague Česká republika ( In Detail) (Full size) National motto: Truth prevails ( Czech: Pravda vítězí) Official language Czech Capital Praha ( Prague) President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Stanislav Gross Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 114th 78,866 km² 2% Population  - Total... Czech Republic can now be displayed as:

 +420 2 xxxx xxxx formerly: 02 xxxx xxxx (inside Czech Republic) +420 2 xxxx xxxx (outside Czech Republic) 

Numbering plans by country

Argentina

Main article: Argentine telephone numbering plan


This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 54


Australia

Main article: The Australian telephone numbering plan was reorganised by the Australian Communications Authority between 1996 and 1998. Contents // 1 Present numbering plan 2 Previous numbering plan 3 International access codes 4 Emergency services number 5 Freecall, local and premium-rate numbers Present numbering plan Australia is now divided geographically into a... Australian telephone numbering plan


This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 61


Telephone numbers in Australia consist of a single digit area code and eight-digit local numbers, the first four of which generally specify the exchange, and the final four a line at that exchange. (Most exchanges though have several four-digit exchange codes.)


Australia is divided geographically into a few large area codes, some of which covering more than one state and territory. Prior to the introduction of eight-digit numbers in the early to mid-1990s, telephone numbers were seven digits in the major capital cities, with a single-digit area code, and six digits in other areas with a two-digit area code. There were more than sixty such codes by 1990, spurring the reorganization.


Following reorganisation of the numbering plan between 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Years: 1993 1994 1995 - 1996 - 1997 1998 1999 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1996 in topic: Arts... 1996 and 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. Years: 1995 1996 1997 - 1998 - 1999 2000 2001 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1998 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art... 1998, the following numbering ranges are now used:

 02 New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory 03 Victoria and Tasmania 04 Mobile phone services 07 Queensland 08 Western Australia (including Christmas Island and Cocos Keeling Islands), South Australia and Northern Territory.) 

The system is not perfect; the codes do not strictly follow state borders. For example, Broken Hill is an isolated mining city and Local Government Area in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia, with a population of 21,000. It is located near the border with South Australia on the crossing of the Barrier Highway (#32) and the Silver City Highway, in... Broken Hill in New South Wales is in the 08 area code, due to its proximity to the South Australian border.


The main international prefix is 0011. 000 is the emergency telephone number in Australia, but the internationally accepted Mobile phone standards 0G: ARP 1G NMT AMPS 2G GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC 2.5G: GPRS 2.75G: EDGE 3G W-CDMA UMTS FOMA CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA 3.5G 4G GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. GSM... GSM mobile emergency telephone number 112 also works on mobile phones.


Telephone numbers within Australia are allocated by the Australian Communications Authority.


Brazil

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 55


In The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil, long distance and international dialling requires the use of carrier selection codes, after the trunk code or international access code.


For example, to call This article is about the city called Rio de Janeiro. For the state with the same name, see Rio de Janeiro (state). Ipanema beach A NASA satellite image of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese) is the name of both a state and a... Rio de Janeiro from another city in Brazil, one would dial the trunk code '0', a two-digit code, the This article or section should be merged with Telephone numbering plan -- ran (talk) 21:23, Jan 30, 2005 (UTC) Contents // 1 United States and Canada 2 United Kingdom 3 Australia 4 Netherlands 5 Germany 6 Sweden 7 Brazil 8 See also 9 External links The area code is a part... area code '021' and the subscriber's number. Consequently, a Rio de Janeiro number would be displayed in Brazil as

 0xx21 nnnn nnnn. 

A few areas use nnn-nnnn in lieu of nnnn nnnn, such as such as Natal is a former British colony, and a South African province. It is now called the KwaZulu-Natal Province. Natal is also a city in Northeastern Brazil. It is the capital of Rio Grande do Norte state. Its current population is 712,317 (2000 census). This is a disambiguation page... Natal (area code for that state is '84', in the state of Statistics Capital: Natal Area: 53,015 km² Population: 2,770,730 2000 Pop. density: 52.61 inh./km² Timezone: GMT -3 ISO 3166-2: BR-RN Governor: Wilma Maria de Faria Map Rio Grande do Norte is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the... Rio Grande do Norte, in northeastern Brazil. However, this practice will be phased out in Years: 2003 2004 2005 - 2006 (MMVI) - 2007 2008 2009 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century News by month: Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun Jul - Aug - Sep - Oct - Nov - Dec 2006 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Politics Elections... 2006.


xx is the two-digit Operator Code for long distance calls:

and some others.


Outbound international dialing in Brazil

To call internationally from Brazil, one would dial the Each country has both a country calling code used to dial into a country and an international access code or international call prefix used to dial out of the country. The International Telecommunications Union approved 00 as the general standard some time ago - that is, all countries should work towards... international access code and the two-digit code, followed by the country calling code, area code and number, hence for a number in For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). Manhattan is an island bordering the lower Hudson River. It is one of the five boroughs that comprise the City of New York. The borough is coterminous with New York County and includes the Island of Manhattan, as well as several other smaller islands... Manhattan:

 00xx 1 212 xxx xxxx. 

The current carriers (the two digits you should dial after the "0") are:

 Embratel: 21 Intelig: 23 Telemar: 31 Brasil Telecom*: 14 Telefônica: 15 Claro**: 36 TIM**: 41 CTBC*: 12 GVT*: 25 Vesper São Paulo*: 89 Vesper Norte-Leste*: 85 Sercomtel*: 43 

Those marked with an asterisk (*) are only avalaible to certain areas. The ones with "**" are to be used with mobile phones only.



Area codes are distributed geographically. See List of Brazilian area codes.


A note about mobile telephony in Brazil

Mobile phone numbers are usually prefixed with the digit '7', '8' or '9'. '7' is used mainly for radiophone use ( Mobile phone standards 0G: ARP 1G NMT AMPS 2G GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC 2.5G: GPRS 2.75G: EDGE 3G W-CDMA UMTS FOMA CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA 3.5G 4G The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is iDEN. iDEN... iDEN technology).


Numbers with an '8' are always GSM Mobiles, while '9' can be mostly analogue (AMPS), Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) is a technology for shared medium (usually radio) networks. It allows several users to share the same frequency by dividing it into different time slots. The users transmit in rapid succession, one after the other, each using their own timeslot. This allows multiple users to... TDMA and Contents // 1 General Information 2 Technical Details 3 See also 4 External link 5 Further Reading General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency... CDMA mobiles. The prefix number in mobile telephony is related to the license the carrier has. On newer licenses, use of the '8' digit is mandatory, while the previously state-onwned mobile operators always uses '9'(or '7', in some cases in São Paulo area). Some Mobile phone standards 0G: ARP 1G NMT AMPS 2G GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC 2.5G: GPRS 2.75G: EDGE 3G W-CDMA UMTS FOMA CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA 3.5G 4G GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. GSM... GSM mobiles can be prefixed with a '9' because the now privatized operators decided to overlay using this technology.


Mobile phone numbers generally have eight digits. Exceptions exist in Brasilia.


China

See The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mobile phone numbers start with 13 and usually have 11 digits. Hong Kong and Macao are not part of this numbering plan, and use the country codes 852 and 853 respectively. Contents // 1 Area 1 2 Area... China telephone numbering plan


This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 86


Colombia

Main article: Colombian telephone numbering plan


This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 57


East Timor (Timor Leste)

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 670


The only authorized telephone and data carrier in The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, commonly known as East Timor, is an island nation in Southeast Asia, consisting of the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, a political exclave of East Timor situated on the western side of... East_Timor is Timor_Telecom, a company owned by Portugal_Telecom with 50.1% of the shares (source: Telecommunications Research Project at the University of Hong Kong).


The services are very limited and very, very expensive. According to a press-release issued by Portugal_Telecom, the total number of fixed phones ( A landline or main line is a telephone line which travels through a physical, land-based medium. This is distinguished from a mobile cellular line, where the medium used is the airwaves. A land line is also usually used to increase the security of communications, as it can not be... landline) are 2,100, Cellular redirects here. For the 2004 movie see Cellular (movie). A mobile phone, the Sony Ericsson T630 A mobile phone is a device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (cf. cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited... mobile_cellular are 25,000, 500 Dial-up access is a form of internet access in which the client uses a modem to dial the ISPs node, a dialup server type such as the PPP and TCP/IP protocols to establish a modem-to-modem link, which is then routed to the internet. It is... Dial-up_access users and 30 (This article is about the specific technical term. For the end user Internet access method see Broadband Internet access.) Broadband in general refers to data transmission where multiple pieces of data are sent simultaniously to increase the effective rate of transmission. In network engineering this term is used for methods... broadband users (as of October 2004).


Portugal_Telecom signed a 15-year contract in 2002 to invest US$ 29 million to rebuild and operate the phone system. The contract could be extended by 10 more years, totalling 25 years of This article is about economic monopoly. For the board game, see Monopoly (board game). For the game show based on this board game, see Monopoly (game show). In economics, a monopoly (from the Greek monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only... monopoly. 2003 gross revenue totalled € 10.5 million.


All voice and data are carried out by Intelsat is the worlds largest commercial satellite communications services provider. It is an international consortium that owns and manages a constellation of communications satellites (Intelsats) to provide international broadcast services. Ownership and investment in ITSO (measured in shares) is distributed among ITSO members according to their respective use of... Intelsat, using a direct For other uses, please see Satellite (disambiguation) A satellite is an object that orbits another object (known as its primary). The term is often used to describe an artificial satellite (as opposed to natural satellites, or moons). Because all objects exert gravity, the motion of the primary object is also... satellite link with one In telecommunication, the term hop has the following meanings: 1. The excursion of a radio wave from the Earth to the ionosphere and back to the Earth. Note: The number of hops indicates the number of reflections from the ionosphere. 2. A waveform transmitted for the duration of each relocation... hop to their 1. In radio communications, a downlink is the link from a communications relay satellite to a ground station. 2. Pertaining to GSM and Cellular Networks downlink is the transmission path from a Base Station (Cell Site) to the Mobile Station (Cell Phone). See also uplink, forward link and reverse link... downlink in The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portugal.

 Telephone numbering plan in East Timor are as follows: Mobile: 670 72X-YYYY, where X could be 3, 4, 6 or 7 Service Numbers: 670 721-XXXX Fixed: 670 32X-YYYY, where X could be 2 or 3. Also refered as 670 390 32X-YYYY 
 Emergency Numbers: Ambulance Service: 110 Fire Dept: 115 Emergency: 112 

European Union (1996 proposal)

Proposed This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 3


In 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Years: 1993 1994 1995 - 1996 - 1997 1998 1999 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1996 in topic: Arts... 1996, the Politics of the European Union European constitution European Parliament Council of the European Union European Council European Commission Political parties in the European Union European Parliament party groups Elections in the European Union: 2004 The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive of the European... European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all The European Union or EU is an intergovernmental organisation of European countries, which currently has 25 member states. The Union was established under that name by the Treaty on European Union (commonly known as the Maastricht Treaty) in 1992. However, many aspects of the EU existed before that date through... European Union member states would use the code '3'. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international acces code '00'. This proposal would have required countries like The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany, the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... United Kingdom, Denmark (disambiguation). The Kingdom of Denmark is geographically the smallest Nordic country and is part of the European Union. It is located in Scandinavia, which is in northern Europe. Denmark borders the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, and consists of a peninsula attached to Northern Germany named Jutland (Jylland... Denmark and others, whose country codes began with the digit '4', to return these to the The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. It was founded as the International Telegraph Union in Paris in May 17, 1865, and is today the worlds oldest international organization. Its main tasks include standardization, allocation of the radio... International Telecommunication Union. For example, to call a number in For other uses, see Berlin (disambiguation). State of Berlin State and Service Flags State and Service Flags of Berlin Coat of arms Map of Germany showing Berlin Basic Information Area: 891.69 km² Population: 3,388,477 (December 2003) Population density: 3800 residents/km² Elevation: 34 m above... Berlin, in The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany:

 xxxx xxxx (within Berlin) 030 xxxx xxxx (within Germany) 1 4930 xxxx xxxx (within the EU) +3 49 30 xxxx xxxx (outside the EU) 

Countries like The Republic of Ireland ( Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann) is the official description of an independent state which covers approximately five-sixths of the island of Ireland, off the coast of north-west Europe. It is the westernmost state of the European Union, and has a developed economy and... Ireland, The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portugal and The Republic of Finland ( Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. Finland has land frontiers with Sweden, Norway and Russia and... Finland, which used codes in the '35x' range, would adopt a different format. For example, to call a number in This article is about the city in Ireland. For other uses of the name, see Dublin (disambiguation). City of Dublin Dublins hapenny bridge. Beyond it, the dome of the eighteenth century Custom House and Liberty Hall, the citys tallest building. Map Area: 114.99 km² County: County... Dublin, The Republic of Ireland ( Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann) is the official description of an independent state which covers approximately five-sixths of the island of Ireland, off the coast of north-west Europe. It is the westernmost state of the European Union, and has a developed economy and... Ireland:

 xxxx xxxx (within Dublin) 01 xxxx xxxx (within Ireland) 1 53 1 xxxx xxxx (within the EU) +3 53 1 xxxx xxxx (outside the EU) 

A Green Paper on the proposal was published, but it was felt by many in the industry that the disruption and inconvenience of such a scheme would outweigh any advantages.


The EU proposal should not be confused with the In the interest in forming a trans-Europe numbering plan as an option (or future movement) for anyone needing multi-national European telephone presence, the ITU allocated country calling code +388 as a subdivided, catch-all container for such services. This is designated the European Telephony Numbering Space or ETNS... European Telephony Numbering Space (ETNS) scheme, which uses the code +388, and is intended to complement, rather than replace, existing national numbering plans.


Finland

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 358


The Republic of Finland ( Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. Finland has land frontiers with Sweden, Norway and Russia and... Finland's numbering plan was reorganised in 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Years: 1993 1994 1995 - 1996 - 1997 1998 1999 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1996 in topic: Arts... 1996, with the number of area codes being reduced, and the trunk code being changed from 9 to 0. This meant that the area code for Helsingin kaupunki Helsingfors stad City Helsinki (1550) Administrative Province Southern Finland Historical Province Uusimaa Area  - Total  - Land  - Water Ranked 349th 686 km² 186 km² 500 km² Population  - Total (2003-12-31)  - Density Ranked 1st 559,330 2,923/km² (1st) Time zone Helsinki, Riga, Tallinn... Helsinki also changed:

 Before 1996: 90' xxx xxx within Finland +358 0 xxx xxx outside Finland 
 After 1996: 09' xxx xxx within Finland +358 9 xxx xxx outside Finland 

The default international access code became 00, although other codes such as 999 are also still used.


France

Main article: The French telephone numbering plan is not only used for metropolitan France, but also for the French overseas departments and collectivités territoriales. In the late 1980s, France changed to a closed telephone numbering plan, with the area code being incorporated into the subscribers eight-digit number. To call... French telephone numbering plan


This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 33


In 1996, The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France changed to a ten-digit numbering scheme, as follows:

 01 Paris 02 Northeast France 03 Northwest France 04 Southeast France 05 Southwest France 06 Mobile phone services 08 Freephone (numéro vert) and shared cost services. 

Germany

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 49


Following German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) refers to the reunification of Germany from its constituent parts of East Germany and West Germany under a single government on October 3, 1990. An agreement to reunite both parts of Germany was reached on February 13, 1990. This agreement was implemented through the so-called... German reunification in 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1987 1988 1989 - 1990 - 1991 1992 1993 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1990 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport... 1990, the former For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. The GDR was proclaimed in the Soviet... East Germany's code +37 was relinquished and returned to the ITU for reallocation. Similarly, the digit '3' is the initial digit for the new area codes in the former East Germany, while the area code 030 for Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. It consisted of the American, British and French allied sectors that were installed in 1945. The Soviet sector became East Berlin, part of East Germany. West Berlin was surrounded entirely... West Berlin was used for the reunified city.


There are no standard lengths for either area codes or subscribers' numbers in Germany, meaning that some subscribers' numbers may be as short as three digits. Larger towns have shorter area codes permitting larger telephone numbers in that area. Some examples:

  • (0)1*: service numbers and cell phones
  • (0)30: For other uses, see Berlin (disambiguation). State of Berlin State and Service Flags State and Service Flags of Berlin Coat of arms Map of Germany showing Berlin Basic Information Area: 891.69 km² Population: 3,388,477 (December 2003) Population density: 3800 residents/km² Elevation: 34 m above... Berlin
  • (0)40: This article is about the city in Germany. For other articles subjects named Hamburg, see Hamburg (disambiguation). Hamburg is Germanys second largest city (after Berlin) and its principal port. The official name Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg recalls its membership in the mediæval Hanseatic League and the fact that... Hamburg
  • (0)421: For other uses, see Bremen (disambiguation). Missing image Bremen_in_Germany.png Map of Germany showing Bremen Weser watershed Bremen [ˈbreːmən] is a city in northern Germany (official name: Freie Hansestadt Bremen, referring to its membership in the medieval Hanseatic League) situated along the river Weser. Bremen... Bremen
  • (0)89: München
  • (0)800: toll free
  • (0)900: premium rate

The default length for newly assigned numbers (area code without 0 + subscriber number) is 10 or 11 digits, but older shorter numbers will not be replaced, but not reassigned if given back. The Area Codes are, if not counting the national thunk prefix '0', from 2 Digits (only for Berlin +49 30, Hamburg +49 40, Frankfurt +49 69 and Munich +49 89) to 5 Digits in the former For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. The GDR was proclaimed in the Soviet... East Germany in +49 3. Area Codes in +49 2, +49 4 to +49 9 are up to 4 digits. 3 digit area codes of the form +49 XY1 where assigned to the cities, where the former central switching bords where placed (usually bigger cities). Exceptions from the numbering sceme exists in the rhein-ruhr-area, where many big cities can be found and in the former east.


Non-geographic numbers, including mobile phone services, are prefixed with '01' (+49 1 internationally). 0130 was originally used for toll-free numbers, but this has been changed to 0800. The prefix 0180 is used for shared cost services while 0700 is for personal numbers. Premium rate numbers use the prefix 0900 (the older prefix 0190 is being phased out); these are not accessible from outside Germany. Mobile numbers have area codes from (+49 15XX to +49 17X).


Geographic codes beginning with '02' (+49 2 internationally) are placed in the western part of the country, e.g. '0221' for Cologne (+49 221 internationally) or '0211' for Düsseldorf (+49 211 internationally), '03' (+49 3 internationally) as stated above in the former For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. The GDR was proclaimed in the Soviet... East Germany, '04' (+49 4 internationally) numbers in the north (e.g. Hamburg +49 40 oder Bremen +49 421), '05' (+49 5 internationally) numbers in the middle-north (e.g. +49 511 for Hanover or +49 521 for Bielefeld), '06' (+49 6 internationally) in the central parts (e.g. +49 69 for Frankfurt or +49 611 for Wiesbaden), '07'(+49 7 internationally) in the south-west (e.g. +49 711 for Stuttgart oder +49 721 for Karsruhe), '08' (+49 8 internationally)for the south-east (e.g. +49 89 for Munich oder +49 821 for Augsburg) and '09' (+49 9 internationally) in the south-east (e.g. +49 911 for Nuremberg or +49 921 for Bayreuth).


The international access code and the emergency services number are the European standard 00 and 112, respectively.


Greece

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 30



During 2001-2002, Greece, formally called the Hellenic Republic ( Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), is a country in the southeast of Europe on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula. It has land boundaries with Bulgaria, the Former Yugoslav... Greece moved to a closed ten-digit numbering scheme in two stages, with the result that subscribers' numbers changed twice. For example, before the change, a number in For other uses, see Athens (disambiguation). The Acropolis in central Athens is home to ancient monuments of Athens — a mainstay of its thriving tourism industry Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína) is the capital of Greece, and also the capital of the Attica region of Greece... Athens would have been dialed as follows:

 xxx xxxx (within Athens) (01) xxx xxxx (within Greece) +30 1 xxx xxxx (outside Greece) 

In 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001, a '0' was added after the area code, which was incorporated into the subscriber's number:

 010 xxx xxxx (within Greece, including Athens) +30 10 xxx xxxx (outside Greece) 

Finally, in 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated: International Year of Ecotourism and Mountains National Science Year in the United Kingdom Autism Awareness Year in the United Kingdom Years: 1999 2000 2001 - 2002 - 2003 2004 2005 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s... 2002, the leading '0' was changed to a '2' (for geographic numbers) :

 210 xxx xxxx (within Greece, including Athens) +30 210 xxx xxxx (outside Greece) 

Mobile phone numbers were similarly prefixed with the digit '6'.


Hong Kong

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 852


Main article: Hong Kong telephone numbering plan


Ireland

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 353


Telephone numbers in The Republic of Ireland ( Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann) is the official description of an independent state which covers approximately five-sixths of the island of Ireland, off the coast of north-west Europe. It is the westernmost state of the European Union, and has a developed economy and... Ireland are similar in format to those in the United Kingdom, with only the subscriber's number being required for local dialing. The trunk prefix is '0' followed by an area code, the first digit indicating the geographical area.

 01 Dublin 02 Cork (021) and South 04 Drogheda (041) and East 05 Waterford (051) and South East 06 Limerick (061) and South West 07 Sligo (071)and North West 09 Galway (091) and West 

Area codes have varied in length, between one and three digits, and subscribers' numbers between five and seven digits but there is now a migration to a standard format, as follows:

 (0xx) xxx xxxx 

Dublin numbers are seven digits, but may change to eight digits in the future. The 08 numbering range was originally used for calls to Northern Ireland Tuaisceart Éireann Northren Ireland Norlin Airlann Flag none (see Flag of Northern Ireland) Official language English, Irish, Ulster-Scots Capital Belfast Largest City Belfast First Minister: suspended Area  - Total Ranked 4th 13,843 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 4th 1,685,267 122/km... Northern Ireland, but following the UK's renumbering of Northern Ireland in 2000, this changed, so to call a number in Belfast from the Republic:

 Before 2000: (080) 1232 xxx xxx After 2000: (048) 90xx xxxx; or via the UK numbering plan; 00 44 28 90xx xxxx 

The 03 numbering range was originally used for calls to Great Britain lies between Ireland and continental Europe. Great Britain is an island lying off the northwestern coast of Europe, comprising the main territory of the United Kingdom (UK). Great Britain is also used as a political term describing the combination of England, Scotland, and Wales, the three countries which... Britain, but this was discontinued in 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Years: 1989 1990 1991 - 1992 - 1993 1994 1995 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1992 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1992, when the international access code changed from 16 to 00.

 Before 1992: 030 xxx xxx xxx After 1992: 00 44 xxx xxx xxx 

Mobile phones use the prefixes 086, 087 and 088, with 0818 being used for 'find me anywhere' services. Freephone services use the prefix 1800, while shared cost or Lo-Call numbers use the prefix 1850. Internet access numbers use the prefix 1891, 1892 and 1893.


Italy

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 39


The Italian Republic or Italy ( Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. It comprises a boot-shaped peninsula and two large islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia, and shares its northern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent countries of San... Italy changed to a closed numbering plan in 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. Years: 1995 1996 1997 - 1998 - 1999 2000 2001 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1998 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art... 1998, with callers being told in to fissa il prefisso ("fix the prefix"). Unlike in other closed numbering plans the trunk code '0' was simply incorporated into subscribers' landline numbers; e.g. a number in Rome:

 06 xxx xxxx (within Rome - after 1999) 06 xxx xxxx (within Italy) +39 06 xxx xxx (outside Italy - after 1998) 

Calls to mobile phone numbers within Italy were also affected, deleting the previously used prefix '0' (as it was already happening for oversea callers); e.g. for Omnitel-Vodafone provider in Italy:

 0347 xxx xxx (within Italy - before 1999) 347 xxx xxx (within Italy - after 1999) +39 347 xxx xxx (outside Italy) 

Until 1996, San Marino (disambiguation). The Most Serene Republic of San Marino or San Marino ( Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino or San Marino) is one of the smallest nations in the world. Located in southern Europe, it is completely surrounded by Italy and has a population of less than 29,000... San Marino was part of the Italian numbering plan, using the Italian area code 0549 but in that year it adopted its own international code 378. However,instead of using international dialing codes, dialling arrangements between San Marino and Italy continued as before. In 1998, San Marino incorporated the 0549 area code into its subscribers' numbers, following the Italian format:

 0549 xxx xxx (San Marino from Italy) +378 0549 xxx xxx (San Marino from rest of the world) +39 0549 xxx xxx (San Marino via Italy) 

Japan

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 81


Main article: Japanese telephone numbering plan Country Code: 81 Area codes (市外局番 shigai-kyokuban) of selected major cities 011 Sapporo 022 Sendai 0242 Aizu Wakamatsu 025 Niigata 026 Nagano 028 (next digit 6) Utsunomiya 03 Tokyo 043 (next digit 2 or 3) Chiba 044 Kawasaki 045 Yokohama 048 Saitama... Japanese telephone numbering plan


Mexico

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 52


In For the album by Prince, see 1999 (album) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Years: 1996 1997 1998 - 1999 - 2000 2001 2002 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries... 1999 Mexico introduced the following new prefixes long distance calls for long distance and international calls:

 00 - international direct dialing (00 + country code + nat'l number) 
including USA and Canada. 01 - domestic direct dialing (01 + area code + number) 02 - domestic person-to-person (02 + area code + number) 09 - international person-to-person (09 + country code + number)
including USA and Canada.

This did not affect calls from outside Mexico, which continued to be dialed in the same format, for example, to call a number in Mexico City, Distrito Federal, Mexico Nickname La Ciudad de los Palacios (The City of Palaces) Latitude 19° 24 - 19° 03 N Longitude 98° 57 - 99° 22 W Chief of Government Andrés Manuel López Obrador Surface (km²) 1 547 km² (D.F.) Surface (km²) 4 986 km² (Greater Mexico... Mexico City:

 +52 55 xxxx xxxx 

Netherlands

Main article: A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits (0-9) that is used for identifying a destination telephone line in a telephone network. A phone number on the public telephone network in the Netherlands has a particular structure, consisting of area code (three or four digits) and a subscriber... Telephone numbers in the Netherlands See also < Netherlands Contents // 1 Telephone 1.1 Area codes 1.2 Non-geographical codes 2 Radio, television and internet 3 See also Telephone Telephones - main lines in use: 10.0 million (2002) Telephones - mobile cellular subscribers: 12.1 million (2002) Telephone system: general assessment: highly developed and well maintained domestic... Communications in the Netherlands


This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 31


In the The Netherlands ( Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ( Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the... Netherlands, the area codes are -- excluding the leading '0' -- one, two or three digits long, with larger towns and cities having shorter area codes permitting a larger number of telephone numbers in the ten digits used. Since renumbering in 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Years: 1993 1994 1995 - 1996 - 1997 1998 1999 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1996 in topic: Arts... 1996, subscribers' numbers are now either six digits long, or in the larger towns and cities, seven digits.

 010:         Rotterdam    Rotterdam is the second largest city in the Netherlands (after Amsterdam), located in the province of South Holland. The city is situated on the banks of the Nieuwe Maas River. The name Rotterdam is derived from a dam in a small river, the Rotte, which joins the Nieuwe Maas...

Rotterdam 020:        Municipality of Amsterdam    Alternate meanings: See Amsterdam  Amsterdam is the   capital of the   Netherlands. Founded in the late 12th century as a small fishing village on the banks of the   Amstel, it is now the largest city in the country and its financial and cultural center. As of   2005, the...

Amsterdam 030:       Utrecht         Country Netherlands   Province Utrecht   Area - Land - Water 99.32 km² 95.67 km² 3.65 km²   Population 2004 - Density 270,244 2825/km²   Utrecht is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is the fourth largest city of the Netherlands.   Contents  //     1 Population...

Utrecht 040:       Eindhoven         Country Netherlands   Province North Brabant   Area - Land - Water 88.84 km² 87.75 km² 1.09 km²   Population 2004 - Density 207,870 2369/km²    Eindhoven is a municipality and a city located in the province of Noord-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of...

Eindhoven 050:                Country Netherlands   Province Groningen   Area - Land - Water 83.69 km² 79.59 km² 4.10 km²   Population 2004 - Density 179,185 2251/km²    Groningen is a municipality and a city in the north of the Netherlands, and the capital of the Groningen province. The city is seen as the most...

Groningen 06x: mobile phone number 0676: internet access number 070:     This article is about the city in the Netherlands; there is also a region known as (the) Hague in France.     s-Gravenhage         Country Netherlands   Province South Holland   Area - Land - Water 98.22 km² 82.68 km² 15.54 km²   Population (2004) - Density 469,059 5674/km²     Arms of The Hague...

The Hague 0800: toll free number 0900: premium rate call 0906: premium rate 112: emergency services number 

Previously, 06 was used for toll-free and premium rate numbers, while 09 was used as the international access code, before this changed to 00.


New Zealand

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 64


Since 1993, land-line telephone numbers in New Zealand consist of a single-digit area code and seven-digit local numbers, the first three of which generally specify the exchange and the final four a line at that exchange. The long distance prefix is '0'.


There are five regional area codes, which must be used when calling outside the local dialing area, for example from Christchurch to Dunedin in the South Island, the '03' prefix must be dialed first. In many parts of the country, the old area code was incorporated into the new number, hence Nelson Urban Area Population 57,700 Extent from Glenduan to the Wairoa River Unitary authority Name Nelson City Population 44,400 Extent from Rai Saddle to Stoke See also Tasman District The city of Nelson stands on the eastern side of Tasman Bay at the northern end of the South... Nelson (055) xx xxx became (03) 55x xxxx .

 03 the      South Island   The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. The Maori name for the South Island is Te Wai Pounamu which means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade). It has an area of 58,093 square miles (151...

South Island and the       The Chatham Islands from Space. Chatham Island is the largest, Pitt Island is the second largest, and South East Island is the small island to the right of Pitt Island   The archipelago of the Chatham Islands, Rekohu in the Moriori language, consists of about 10 islands within a 40_kilometre radius...

Chatham Islands 04     The Wellington region of New Zealand occupies the southern end of the North Island.   Contents  //     1 Definitions of Wellington 2 Geography 3 History 4 People  4.1 Famous sons and daughters  5 External links     Definitions of Wellington The official Wellington Region, as administered by the Wellington Regional Council (under the...

Wellington Region except the    The Wairarapa is a district or subregion of New Zealand occupying the south-eastern corner of the North Island, east of Wellington and south-west of Hawke Bay. It is lightly populated, having several rural service towns, with Masterton being the largest.   Contents  //     1 Boundaries 2 History 3 Economy 4...

Wairarapa and Otaki 06 the remaining southern and eastern     The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. Several important cities are in The North Island, notably New Zealands largest city Auckland, and Wellington, the capital, located at the southern extremity of the island. Around 76% of New...

North Island: -     Taranaki is a region in New Zealands North Island and the name of the mountain which is the regions main feature,   Contents  //     1 Geography and people 2 Brief history 3 Further Reading 4 Other information 5 External links     Geography and people Taranaki is situated on a peninsula on...

Taranaki -    Manawatu-Wanganui is a region situated in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand.   Contents  //     1 Geography  1.1 General 1.2 Topography 1.3 Soil and climate 1.4 Conservation and parks  2 People 3 History 4 The economy  4.1 Business 4.2 Energy 4...

Manawatu-Wanganui except    Taumarunui is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. It is situated on State Highway 4 and the North Island Main Trunk railway line. The town is situated in rugged terrain on the upper reaches of the Whanganui River 65 kilometres south of Te Kuiti and 55 kilometres...

Taumarunui - Hawke's Bay -      Gisborne        Urban Area Population 32,800   Extent Makaraka to Okitu   Unitary authority Name Gisborne District   Population 45,200   Extent Puninga to Hicks Bay; west to Matawai   Gisborne is the name of a unitary authority (in this case, a region and district) in New Zealand. It contains the city of the...

Gisborne - the Wairarapa and Otaki 07 the     Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. Exact boundaries of the region depend largely on the use of the name, but in all cases it refers to an area around the city of Hamilton and extending along the banks of the Waikato River...

Waikato, the     The Bay of Plenty, often abbreviated to BoP is a region of New Zealand situated around the body of water of the same name. The bay stretches from the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east. The region is bound by the Kaimai and Mamaku Ranges...

Bay of Plenty and Taumarunui 09       Auckland        Auckland Sky Tower      Urban Area Population 1,223,200   Extent north to Kumeu & Waiwera, east to Bucklands Beach, south to Runciman; excludes Waitakere Ranges & Hauraki Gulf islands   Territorial Authorities See also Auckland City North Shore City Waitakere City Manukau City   Regional Council Name Auckland    Auckland, in the...

Auckland and     This article is about the Northland region of New Zealand. For other meanings of the term, see Northland (disambiguation)   The Northland region in New Zealand is, as the name suggests, the northernmost of New Zealands administrative regions.   Contents  //     1 Geography 2 Climate 3 Administration 4 Population 5 History 6...

Northland 

Mobile phone numbers are prefixed with 02, followed by one digit and the subscriber's number, which is either six or seven digits, dialled in full, e.g. 025 xxx xxx or 027 xxx xxxx. Free call services generally use the prefix 0800 (although some use 0508) while local rate (usually internet access numbers) have the prefix 08xx. Premium rate services use the code 0900 followed by five digits.


The main international prefix is '00' (there are others for special purposes, such as 0161, for discounted rates). The emergency services number is '111'.


Peru

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 51


Most area codes in The Republic of Peru (Spanish: Perú; Quechua, Aymara: Piruw) is a country in western South America, bordering with Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru is rich... Peru changed on March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). There are 305 days remaining. March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... 1 March 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Years: 2000 2001 2002 - 2003 - 2004 2005 2006 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s 2030s Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century News by month: Jan... 2003, providing an area code for each department (national district).


Also on that date, '9' was prepended to existing cellular/mobile numbers. Mobile subscriber numbers are now 8 digits in Lima (+51 1 9xxxxxxx) and 7 digits elsewhere (+51 xx 9xxxxxx).


Portugal

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 351


The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portugal changed to a closed numbering plan in 1999. Previously, the trunk prefix was '0', but this was dropped, and the area code, prefixed by the digit '2' was incorporated into the subscriber's number, so that a nine-digit number was used for all calls, eg:

 xxx xxxx (within Lisbon) (01) xxx xxxx (within Portugal) +351 1 xxx xxxx (outside Portugal) +351 21x xxx xxx (after 1999) 

Mobiles similarly changed, with the digits '96' replacing the prefix '0936':

 0936 xxx xxx (within Portugal) +351 936 xxx xxxx (outside Portugal) +351 96 xxx xxxx (after 1999) 

Other new number ranges include:

 10xx Carrier selection codes 700 xxx xxx Personal numbering 8xx xxx xxx Geographic expansion 800 xxx xxx Freephone 80x xxx xxx Shared cost 

Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 7


Under the Russian numbering plan, the trunk code is '8', with subscribers numbers being a total of ten digits long, e.g Moscow:

 xxx xxxx (within Moscow) 8 095 xxx xxxx (within Russia and some CIS republics) +7 095 xxx xxxx (outside Russia and some CIS republics) 

Following the break-up of the former The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) .( Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик... Soviet Union, all former republics apart from Kazakhstan ( Kazakh: Қазақстан, Qazaqstan, IPA /qɑzɑqˈstɑn/; Russian: Казахстан, Kazakhstán, IPA /kɐzəxˈstɐn/), also spelled Kazakstan, is a... Kazakhstan now have separate international from The Russian Federation ( Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, transliteration: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya or Rossijskaja Federacija), or Russia (Russian: Росси́я, transliteration: Rossiya or Rossija), is a country that stretches... Russia, although from some republics, the old area codes are still used. The international access code is 8~10 - callers dial '8', wait for a tone, and then dial '10', followed by the number.


Spain

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 34


The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain changed to a closed numbering plan in 1998. Previously, the trunk prefix was '9', but this was incorporated into the subscriber's number, so that a nine-digit number was used for all calls, eg:

 xxx xxxx (within Madrid) (91) xxx xxxx (within Spain) +34 1 xxx xxxx (outside Spain) +34 91x xxx xxx (after 1998) 

Mobiles similarly changed, prefixed with the digit '6':

 906 xxx xxx (within Spain) +34 06 xxx xxx (outside Spain) +34 606 xxx xxx (after 1998) 

New numbering ranges have also since been introduced:

 10xx Carrier selection codes 700 xxx xxx Personal numbering 8xx xxx xxx Geographic expansion 800 xxx xxx Freephone 80x xxx xxx Shared cost 

Spain's international access code also changed from 07 to 00, but this did not affect dialing arangements for calls to Gibraltar (disambiguation). Gibraltar ( In Detail) (Full size) Motto: Nulli Expugnabilis Hosti ( Latin: Conquered By No Enemy) Languages English ( official), an English-influenced Spanish dialect called Llanito is also spoken Capital (Gibraltar) Coordinates 36°07′ N 5°21′ W Governor and Commander-in-Chief Sir... Gibraltar, in which the provincial code 9567 is used instead of the international code 350, eg:

 9567 xxxxx (Gibraltar from Spain) +350 xxxxx (Gibraltar from all other countries) +34 9567 xxxxx (Gibraltar via Spain) 

Sweden

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 46


In The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. It is bordered by Norway on the west, Finland on the northeast, the Skagerrak Strait and the Kattegat Strait on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia on... Sweden, the area codes are -- excluding the leading '0' -- one, two or three digits long, with larger towns and cities having shorter area codes permitting a larger number of telephone numbers in the eight to ten digits used. Before the Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Years: 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Contents // 1 Events and trends 1.1 Technology 1.2 Science 1.3 War, peace and politics 1.4 Economics 1.5 Culture 1... 1990s, ten-digit numbers were very rare, but they have become increasingly common because of the deregulation of telecommunications, the new The telephone number 1-1-2 (or 112) is the international emergency telephone number for GSM mobile phone networks. It does not necessarily work on other mobile phone technologies. In some countries it is also the emergency telephone number for both mobile and fixed-line telephones. It is also the... 112 emergency number, which required change of all numbers starting with 11, and the creation of a single area code for the Greater Stockholms stad Seat Stockholm County Stockholm County Area  - Total Ranked 251st 188 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked 1 st 761,721 4051.7/km² Stockholm [, ] is the capital and the largest City of Sweden. The City of Stockholm is administratively a municipality within Stockholm County, the... Stockholm area. No subscriber number is shorter than five digits.

 010:      Mobile phone standards   0G: ARP   1G  NMT AMPS     2G  GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC     2.5G: GPRS   2.75G: EDGE   3G  W-CDMA  UMTS FOMA   CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA     3.5G   4G    For other meanings of the abbreviation, see: NMT.  NMT (Nordisk Mobil Telefon or Nordisk Mobil Telefonkruppen, Nordic Mobile...

NMT mobile phones 01x(x): South Middle Sweden 020: toll free 0200: toll free 02x(x): North Middle Sweden 03x(x): Central South Sweden 031:       Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg [jøːtəbɔrj]) is a city and a municipality on the western coast of Sweden, in the County of Västra Götaland. With 478,055 inhabitants in the city and 816,931 in the metropolitan area it is the second largest...

Gothenburg 040: Malmö 04x(x): Southern Sweden 05x(x): Western Sweden 055: Grums 06x(x): Northern Sweden 070:     Mobile phone standards   0G: ARP   1G  NMT AMPS     2G  GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC     2.5G: GPRS   2.75G: EDGE   3G  W-CDMA  UMTS FOMA   CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA     3.5G   4G   GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. GSM...

GSM mobile phones 071: Premium rate calls 073:     Mobile phone standards   0G: ARP   1G  NMT AMPS     2G  GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC     2.5G: GPRS   2.75G: EDGE   3G  W-CDMA  UMTS FOMA   CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA     3.5G   4G   GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. GSM...

GSM mobile phones 0730:     Mobile phone standards   0G: ARP   1G  NMT AMPS     2G  GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC     2.5G: GPRS   2.75G: EDGE   3G  W-CDMA  UMTS FOMA   CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA     3.5G   4G   GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. GSM...

GSM mobile phones 074(x):    A pager is an electronic device used to contact people via a Paging (telecommunications) network. It pre-dates mobile phone technology, but similarly uses radio transmissions to communicate between a control/call centres and the recipient. Many of todays pagers use the FLEX on-air protocol. Early pagers only...

Pagers 076:     Mobile phone standards   0G: ARP   1G  NMT AMPS     2G  GSM iDEN D-AMPS cdmaOne PDC     2.5G: GPRS   2.75G: EDGE   3G  W-CDMA  UMTS FOMA   CDMA2000 TD-SCDMA     3.5G   4G   GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. GSM...

GSM mobile phones 07x(x): various non-geographical area codes 08: Greater        Stockholms stad     Seat Stockholm   County Stockholm County   Area  - Total Ranked 251st 188 km²   Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked 1 st 761,721 4051.7/km²    Stockholm [, ] is the capital and the largest City of Sweden. The City of Stockholm is administratively a municipality within Stockholm County, the...

Stockholm 09x(x): Far Northern Sweden and premium rate calls 112: emergency services number 

Sweden adopted 00 as its international access code in For the album by Prince, see 1999 (album) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Years: 1996 1997 1998 - 1999 - 2000 2001 2002 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries... 1999, replacing 009 and 007.


According to the postal and telecommunication services supervising authority Post- och Telestyrelsen, it seems possible that Sweden will adopt a closed numbering plan in the future.


Switzerland

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 41


In 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated: International Year of Ecotourism and Mountains National Science Year in the United Kingdom Autism Awareness Year in the United Kingdom Years: 1999 2000 2001 - 2002 - 2003 2004 2005 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s... 2002, The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The country has a strong tradition of political and military neutrality, but also of international co-operation, and is home to many international organisations. Confoederatio Helvetica (CH), the Latin version... Switzerland adopted a closed numbering plan, but retained the use of the trunk code 0. The original plan was to dispense with the trunk code completely, so that all calls within Switzerland would only require a nine-digit number. However, this was modified on grounds of cost. The 01 prefix for numbers in General view showing Grossmünster church. Zürich IPA [ˈtsyːrɪç] (in English often Zurich, which is also the standard French form of the name) is the largest city in Switzerland (population 364,558 in 2002; as agglomeration 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of... Zurich is being phased out in favor of 044, with 043 being used for overlay numbers.


Until For the album by Prince, see 1999 (album) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. Years: 1996 1997 1998 - 1999 - 2000 2001 2002 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries... 1999, The Principality of Liechtenstein ( German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein) is a small, doubly landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. Being mountainous, it is a winter sports resort. It is also known as a tax haven. Fürstentum Liechtenstein... Liechtenstein formed part of the Swiss numbering plan, using the area code 075, but in that year it adopted its own international code 423, meaning that calls to and from Switzerland require international dialing.


The 07 number range is now used for mobile phone services.


United Kingdom

This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. The numbers are assigned by the International Telecommunication Union in standard E.164. The numbers are a prefix code so that no number has an initial... Country Code: 44


Main article: The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. The telephone service in the United Kingdom was originally provided by private companies and local city councils. But by 1912/1913... UK Telephone Numbering Plan


Since April 28, 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001, the overall structure of the UK's National Numbering Plan is:

 01 Geographic area codes 02 Geographic area codes (newly introduced in 2000) 03 Reserved for area codes 04 Reserved 05 Reserved for corporate numbering and   IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. This allows the elimination of circuit switching and the associated waste of bandwidth. Instead, packet switching...

VoiP services. 06 Reserved 07 "Find Me Anywhere" services (mobile phone, pager & personal numbers) 08 Freephone (toll free), Local & National Rate numbers 09 Premium Rate services and multimedia 

A short list of examples, set out in the officially approved ( The Office of Communications, usually known as Ofcom, is the UKs communications regulator. Contents // 1 Introduction 2 Duties 2.1 Consultations 2.2 Programme Complaints 2.3 Licensing 3 Related articles 4 External link Introduction Ofcom was designed to be a super regulator, required in an age where many... Ofcom) number groups:

 020 xxxx xxxx:       London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. Founded as Londinium, the capital of...

London 028 xxxx xxxx:     Northern Ireland Tuaisceart Éireann Northren Ireland Norlin Airlann     Flag none (see Flag of Northern Ireland)   Official language English, Irish, Ulster-Scots   Capital Belfast   Largest City Belfast   First Minister: suspended   Area  - Total Ranked 4th 13,843 km²   Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 4th 1,685,267 122/km...

Northern Ireland 029 xxxx xxxx:     This article is about the Welsh capital. For the place in United States, see Cardiff, California.    City of Cardiff      Geography   Area: - Total - % Water Ranked 19th 140 km² ? %   Admin HQ: Cardiff   ISO 3166-2: GB-CRF   ONS code: 00PT   Geographical coordinates: 51°29N 3°11W   Demographics   Population: - Total (April 29, 2001...

Cardiff 0131 xxx xxxx:        Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. See also this picture for a panoramic view from Holyrood Park towards Ocean Terminal.   Edinburgh (pronounced ED-in-burra (SAMPA: [[email protected]%[email protected]@])), Dùn Éideann in Scottish Gaelic, is a major and historic city on the east coast of Scotland on the...

Edinburgh 01382 xxx xxx:    For other uses see Dundee (disambiguation)  Dundee is Scotlands fourth largest city, population 154 674 (2001), situated on the North bank of the Firth of Tay. The city is built on the basalt plug of an extinct volcano (174 m (571 feet)), now called Dundee Law. During the Iron...

Dundee, a typical area code 


In the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the British Commonwealth and European Union. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, UK or, inaccurately, as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent parts. Three of these parts... United Kingdom, area codes are — including the leading '0' which is dropped when calling UK numbers from overseas — three, four, or five digits long, with larger towns and cities having shorter area codes permitting a larger number of telephone numbers in the eleven digits used. Area codes are sometimes still called "STD" ( Subscriber trunk dialling (STD) is an obsolete term for the UK telephone system allowing subscribers to dial trunk calls without operator assistance. This term however, is still widely prevalent in India to describe any national call made other than ones local unit. A subscriber is someone who subscribes to... subscriber trunk dialling) codes.


United States and Canada

Main article: The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a system for three-digit area codes that direct telephone calls to particular regions on a public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network. It is applied to the United States and its territories; Canada; Bermuda; and... North American Numbering Plan
See also: This is a list of North American area codes. Contents // 1 200 2 300 3 400 4 500 5 600 6 700 7 800 8 900 9 See also 10 External links 200 Area code 201: New Jersey (Hackensack, Jersey City, Hoboken and northeast New Jersey, overlays with 551) Area... List of North American area codes

In the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii... United States and Canada is an independent sovereign state in northern North America, the northern-most country in the world, and the second largest in total area. Bordering the United States, its territorial claims extend north into the Arctic Ocean as far as the North Pole. Canada is a federation of ten provinces... Canada, area codes are regulated by the The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a system for three-digit area codes that direct telephone calls to particular regions on a public switched telephone network (PSTN), where they are further routed by the local network. It is applied to the United States and its territories; Canada; Bermuda; and... North American Numbering Plan. Currently, all area codes (officially called numbering plan areas) in the NANP must have 3 digits. Many other countries have area codes that are shorter for heavily populated areas and longer for lightly populated areas.


Before 1995, North American area codes were of the form [2-9][0/1][0-9], with the prefix or NNX in the form [2-9][2-9][0-9]; that codespace filled up due to overallocation, and was extended to [2-9][0-8][0-9]-[2-9][0-9][0-9] (referred to as NPA-NXX). An N11 code (said as N-one-one) is a special short telephone number within the North American Numbering Plan, which allows access to special services. Each of these eight numbers prevents 10,000 telephone numbers (from N11-0000 to N11-9999) from being used. Only non-geographic area codes... N11 codes (such as 9-1-1 or nine-one-one is the emergency telephone number for the North American Numbering Plan (NANP). It is one of eight N11 codes. It was set up in 1968 in the United States (the first call was made from Haleyville, Alabama), but did not cover the entire... 911) are not eligible to be used as area codes.


Not all area codes correspond to a geographical area. Codes 8xx (excluding 811 and 899) with the last two digits matching, such as 800, 888, 877, 866, etc., are reserved for A toll-free telephone number (or Freephone number in the UK) is a special telephone number, in which the calling party is not charged for the call by the telephone operator. Instead, the called party pays all of the charges for the call to the telephone operator. The called party... toll-free calls. Code 900 is reserved for premium-rate calls (also known as dial-it services, although such services also exist in some places on a local basis using a particular three-digit prefix following the area code, often "976"). Area code 710 has been reserved for the United States Government, although no lines other than the single telephone number 710-627-4387 ("NCS- The Government Emergency Telecommunications Service (GETS) is a White House-directed emergency phone service provided by a division of the Department of Homeland Security. GETS uses enhancements based on existing commercial technology. Purpose of GETS GETS supports federal, state, local, and tribal government, industry, and non-governmental organization (NGO) personnel... GETS") had actually been connected on this code as of 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) Elections were held in 73 countries during 2004. See a list of elections... 2004.


None of these changes enable the existence of variable length area codes, which are commonplace outside North America. Also see [1] (http://www.lincmad.com/whynot8.html).


There are several noteworthy peculiarities in the NANP:

  • In many localities, all calls must include an area code, even when calling within the same area. For example in large urban areas, a 'local' call may be in another area code, or two area codes may overlay the same geography. In most cases a "1" needs to be dialed before the area code as well. As new area codes are being required, this is becoming more common.
  • Cellular redirects here. For the 2004 movie see Cellular (movie). A mobile phone, the Sony Ericsson T630 A mobile phone is a device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (cf. cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited... Mobile phones are allocated numbers within regular geographic area codes corresponding (usually) to the subscriber's home or work location, instead of within a distinctive subset of area codes (e.g. 07xxx in the UK).
    Since a calling party cannot reliably distinguish between landline and mobile phone numbers, this forced NANP cellular telephone carriers into a charging model wherein the cellular subscriber usually pays for all airtime on his/her phone, whether placing or receiving a call, as opposed to the distinctive-subset model in which callers are usually charged at a higher rate ("caller-pays") for dialing mobile numbers than landlines. Some have cited this "receiver-pays" model as a reason for the US's relatively slow adoption rate of Cellular redirects here. For the 2004 movie see Cellular (movie). A mobile phone, the Sony Ericsson T630 A mobile phone is a device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (cf. cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited... cellular telephony in the 1990s, compared to that in Europe and the Pacific Rim, though this has been largely countered by the post-2000 prevalence of free long-distance calling (to cellular or landline phones) on nearly all US cellular plans.

Alphabetic mnemonic system

Another oddity of NANP telephone numbering is the popularity of alphabetic dialing. On most US telephones, three letters appear on each number button from 2 through 9. This accommodates 24 letters. Historically, the letters Q and Z were omitted, though on some modern telephones, they are added, so that the alphabet is apportioned as follows:

 2 = ABC 3 = DEF 4 = GHI 5 = JKL 6 = MNO 7 = P(Q)RS 8 = TUV 9 = WXY(Z) 

No letters are allocated to the 1 or 0 keys (although some corporate Voicemail (or voice mail; abbreviated v-mail or vmail) is a specific application of an interactive voice response system. In its simplest form it mimics the functions of an answering machine, but uses a centralised system rather than equipment at the individual telephone. However it can be far more sophisticated... voice mail systems are set up to count Q and Z as 1, and some old telephones assigned the Z to the digit 0).


Originally, this scheme was meant as a mnemonic device for telephone number prefixes. When telephone numbers in the US were standardized in the mid-20th century, they were made seven digits long, including a two-digit prefix, the latter expressed as letters rather than numbers. (Before Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II, many localities used three letters and four numbers, and in much of For other uses, see California (disambiguation). State of California (Flag of California) (Seal of California) State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water... California during this period, phone numbers had only six digits — two letters followed by four numbers.) The prefix was a name, and the first two or three letters (usually shown in capitals) of the name were dialed. Later, the third letter (where previously used) was replaced by a number; this generally happened after World War II, although New York, New York redirects here. For alternate meanings, see New York, New York (disambiguation). Midtown Manhattan, 2003. New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the largest city in the United States, and the worlds most important center for global finance and communications. The city... New York City did this in 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. Years: 1927 1928 1929 - 1930 - 1931 1932 1933 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1930 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics... 1930. Thus, the famous Glenn Miller tune "PEnnsylvania 6-5000" refers to a telephone number 736-5000, the number of the Hotel Pennsylvania, which still bears the same number today. Similarly, the classic Elizabeth Taylor film " BUtterfield 8 is a 1960 film which tells the story of a call girl who falls in love with one of her customers. It stars Elizabeth Taylor, Laurence Harvey, Eddie Fisher, Dina Merrill and Mildred Dunnock. The movie was adapted by John Michael Hayes and Charles Schnee from the 1935... BUtterfield 8" refers to the section of New York City where the film is set, where the telephone prefixes include 288 (on the East Side of For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). Manhattan is an island bordering the lower Hudson River. It is one of the five boroughs that comprise the City of New York. The borough is coterminous with New York County and includes the Island of Manhattan, as well as several other smaller islands... Manhattan between roughly 64th and 86th Streets). One Wikipedia author's childhood telephone number was MOhawk 5-6612.


Today this system has been abandoned, but alphabetic dialing remains as a commercial mnemonic gimmick, particularly when combined with toll-free numbers. For example, one can dial 1-800-FLOWERS to send flowers to someone. Sometimes, longer words are used - for example one might be invited to give money to a public radio station by dialing 1-866-KPBS-GIVE. The "number" is 8 digits long, but only the first seven need be dialed. If an eighth (or more) digit is dialed, the switching system will ignore it.


External links


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