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Encyclopedia > Ardrossan
Ardrossan
Population 10,952
OS grid reference NS232424
Council area North Ayrshire
Lieutenancy area Ayrshire and Arran
Constituent country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ARDROSSAN
Postcode district KA22
Dial code 01294
Vehicle code SA-SJ (Glasgow)
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament North Ayrshire and Arran
Scottish Parliament Cunninghame North
European Parliament Scotland
List of places: UKScotland

Coordinates: 55°38′36″N 4°48′35″W / 55.6432, -4.8097 Image File history File links Size of this preview: 355 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (553 × 933 pixel, file size: 178 KB, MIME type: image/png) Template image for Scottish location maps, high resolution (not for use in infobox). ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas of Scotland which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils which have the option under the Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997 (as chosen by Na h-Eileanan an Iar) of being known... North Ayrshire (Sìorrachd Inbhir Air a Tuath in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland. ... The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for the ceremonial lords-lieutenant, the monarchs representatives, in Scotland. ... Ayrshire and Arran is a lieutenancy area of Scotland. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... This article is about the country. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The KA postal area is a group of postal districts in East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire, in Scotland. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... British car number plates are vehicle registration plates (more commonly known as number plates) which have existed in the United Kingdom since 1904. ... The following are the vehicle number plate identifiers used in Great Britain since the 2001 changes to British vehicle number plates. ... Strathclyde Police is the police force for the Scottish council areas of Argyll and Bute, City of Glasgow, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, North Ayrshire North Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Strathclyde Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service for the area of Strathclyde, Scotland, it is the largest fire and rescue service in the Scotland, and one of the largest in Europe. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Two Mercedes-Benz Sprinter-based ambulances of the Scottish Ambulance Service The Scottish Ambulance Service serves all of Scotland and is a special health board funded directly by the health department of the Scottish Executive. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... North Ayrshire and Arran is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... Cunninghame North is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Scotland constitutes a single constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of burghs in Scotland List of cities in the United Kingdom Lists of places within Scottish regions List of places in Orkney List of places in Shetland List of places in the Borders region of Scotland List of places in the Central region of Scotland List of places in... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

This article is about the town in Scotland - for those in Australia or Canada see Ardrossan, South Australia or Ardrossan, Alberta respectively

Ardrossan (Gaelic: Aird Rosain) is a town located on the North Ayrshire coast in western Scotland. The name "Ardrossan" describes its physical position — 'ard' meaning height, and 'rossan' a rocky promontory. Ardrossan is a small town on the east coast of the Yorke Peninsula, about 150kms from Adelaide, South Australia. ... Ardrossan is a hamlet in Strathcona County, Alberta, Canada. ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... North Ayrshire (Sìorrachd Inbhir Air a Tuath in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ... The term promontory has several similar meanings in English, including geographical names: A promontory is a prominent mass of land which overlooks lower lying land or a body of water (e. ...

Contents

History

Ardrossan's roots can be traced back to the construction of its castle, thought to be around 1140, by Simon de Morville. The castle and estate then passed onto the Barclay family (also known as Craig) and it passed through successive heirs until the 14th century. Then it passed onto the Eglinton family on the death of Godfrey Barclay de Ardrossan, who died without leaving an heir. Situated on the west coast of Ayrshire, Scotland in the town of Ardrossan. ... Events Henry Jasomirgott was made count palatine of the Rhine. ... Barclay may refer to: David or Frederick Barclay, British businessmen John Barclay - several people of that name Olivia Barclay, an influential horary astrologer Paris Barclay, an American television and film director Reginald Barclay, a character from Star Trek: The Next Generation Robert Barclay, an influential Quaker Theologian William Barclay - several... Craig is a male given name or surname, derived from either the Scottish Gaelic creag or the Irish carraig, both meaning rock. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Eglinton was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Ontario. ...


In 1292, under the reign of John Balliol, the castle fell to the invading English army, who held it until 1296, when it was scene to an infamous event known as Wallace's Larder. William Wallace lured the English garrison out of the castle by setting a decoy fire in the village. He promptly slaughtered them, throwing their remains into the castle dungeon. For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... John Balliol and his wife. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is God Save the Queen. See also Proposed English National Anthems. ... March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... For other persons named William Wallace, see William Wallace (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The dungeons of Blarney Castle. ...


The castle stood until 1648, when Oliver Cromwell's troops had it destroyed, taking much of the stonework to Ayr to built the fort there. The ruins still stand, but are overgrown and in a dangerous condition. 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England, Scotland and Ireland into a republican Commonwealth and for the brutal war exercised in his conquest of Ireland. ... Ayr (Scottish Gaelic, Inbhir Àir) in the south-west of Scotland is a town and port situated on the Firth of Clyde. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...


Ardrossan developed quickly during the 18th and 19th centuries thanks to its position on the coast. Exports of coal and pig iron to Europe and North America were the main trade from the town's port, which also became a centre for shipbuilding. Fishing vessels and small cargo boats were the mainstay of the shipyard until the 1950s, when the yard all but ceased to exist as a result of foreign competition. A smaller yard, McCrindles operated until the 1980s before it too ceased trading. Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Pig iron is raw iron, the immediate product of smelting iron ore with coke and limestone in a blast furnace. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Fish ladder and shipyard in Grave, the Netherlands Construction hall of Schichau Seebeck Shipyard, Bremerhaven Gdynia Shipyard Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Passenger services from Ardrossan harbour to Brodick on the Isle of Arran started in 1834, and services to Belfast in Ireland (and later Northern Ireland) and the Isle of Man followed in 1884 and 1892. Clyde sailings were operated initially by the Glasgow and South Western Railway Company from Winton Pier, and the Caledonian Railway from Montgomerie Pier. However, the Earl of Eglinton's ambitious plan for a canal link to Glasgow was never realised. The link to the Isle of Man no longer operates from Ardrossan, having first been moved to Stranraer then all Scottish services terminated altogether. Shell-Mex developed an oil refinery in Ardrossan from a World War II aviation-fuel canning-factory, and the harbour was expanded for the company's tanker ships to berth. Local residents blocked plans in the 1960s for further expansion of the refinery, limiting the operations that could be carried out there. Operations at Shell-Mex in Ardrossan ceased in 1986. Brodick (meaning Broad Bay, the name is derived from Norse roots) is the main village on the Isle of Arran, in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. ... The Isle of Arran (Scots Gaelic: Eilean Arainn) is the largest island in the Firth of Clyde with an area of 430 km² (167 square miles). ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Northern Ireland County: District: Belfast UK Parliament: Belfast North Belfast South Belfast East Belfast West European Parliament: Northern Ireland Dialling Code: 028, +44 28 posttown = Belfast Postal District(s): BT1-BT17, BT29 (part of), BT58 Area: 115 km² Population (2001) Website: www. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Canal du Midi, Toulouse, France Canals are artificial channels for water. ... “Glaswegian” redirects here. ... Royal Dutch Shell PLC is a multinational oil company (oil major) of British and Dutch origins. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ...


Today the harbour has been substantially redeveloped as a marina, though the regular passenger and vehicle ferry to Brodick is still operated by Caledonian MacBrayne. A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... MV Juno (Iùno in Scottish Gaelic) arriving at Gourock on the Dunoon service The Caledonian MacBrayne headquarters building at Gourock pierhead and a visit from MV Caledonian Isles and MV Isle of Mull. ...


Ardrossan was one of the last towns in Scotland to be made a Burgh in 1846, with a Provost, magistrates and commissioners. Its Burgh status was lost in 1974 on the formation of Strathclyde Regional Council, whereupon Ardrossan came under Cunninghame District. It is now part of North Ayrshire, which was created as a unitary authority in 1996. A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Look up provost in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A magistrate is a civil or criminal (or both) judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Strathclyde (Srath Chluaidh in Gaelic) was one of the regional council areas of Scotland from 1975 to 1996. ... Cunninghame (Coineagan in Scottish Gaelic) is one of three traditional districts of Ayrshire. ... North Ayrshire (Sìorrachd Inbhir Air a Tuath in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...


Transport

Today Ardrossan is developing into a commuter town with a population of around 11,000, with frequent train and express coach links to Glasgow, aided by its location on the Glasgow to Largs/Ardrossan train line and its proximity to the A737 road. Largs (grid reference NS203592) is a burgh on the Firth of Clyde in North Ayrshire, Scotland, about 33 miles (53 km) from Glasgow. ...


There are three railway stations in Ardrossan: Ardrossan South Beach, which lies close to the boundary with Saltcoats; Ardrossan Town, a station which was in the centre of the town which reopened in 1987 after it had been closed since 1968; and Ardrossan Harbour. Ardrossan South Beach railway station is one of three railway stations in the town of Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Saltcoats is a small town located on the west coast of Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Ardrossan Town railway station is one of three railway stations in the town of Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Ardrossan Harbour railway station is one of three railway stations in the town of Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, Scotland. ...


Ayr lies 17 miles to the south and the town is part of the "three towns" mini-conurbation, together with Saltcoats and Stevenston. Frequent bus services to Irvine, Kilmarnock, Ayr and Greenock, as well as an extensive local network, are provided by Stagecoach Western. Ayr (Scottish Gaelic, Inbhir Àir) in the south-west of Scotland is a town and port situated on the Firth of Clyde. ... Saltcoats is a small town located on the west coast of Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Stevenston is a town in North Ayrshire, Scotland. ... Irvine is a coastal new town in Ayrshire, Scotland, administered by North Ayrshire council. ... Kilmarnock (Cill Mheàrnaig in Scottish Gaelic, and Killie locally) is a large burgh in East Ayrshire, Scotland, with a population of 44,170 [1]. It is roughly between Glasgow and Ayr. ... View west over Greenock with the Golden Princess at Clydeport Ocean Terminal. ... Stagecoach West Scotland is an operating region of Stagecoach UK Bus, comprising of Western Buses Ltd and Stagecoach Glasgow Ltd, based in Ayr, Scotland. ...


The new A78 Three Towns Bypass was opened in December 2004 and has provided a much-needed improvement to local transport links, reducing local travelling-times significantly. The bypass has also helped to divert a significant amount of heavier traffic from the Three-Towns that were just passing through.


Culture

Ardrossan boasts some of the most notable buildings in North Ayrshire. For example, Barony St John's Church and St Peter-in-Chains Roman Catholic Church. St Peter's is of modern construction in an all-brick, Swedish style. Its architects were the notable Gillespie, Kidd & Coia. Barony St John's dates from the mid-nineteenth century. Both buildings lie on the South Crescent of the town, overlooking South Beach and Irvine Bay. The crescent is lined by large villas dating from the 19th century, many of which have been converted into multiple residences. According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Gillespie, Kidd & Coia were a Scottish architectural firm famous for their application of modernism in churches and universities, as well as at St Peters Seminary in Cardross. ...


Environment

While being an exemplar of post-industrial Scotland's socio-economic malaise, Ardrossan is located on the edge of an area of exceptional natural beauty. The towering peaks of the Isle of Arran are starkly visible on a cold sunny day. Beyond, one can see the Paps of Jura and the Mull of Kintyre. The Isle of Arran (Scots Gaelic: Eilean Arainn) is the largest island in the Firth of Clyde with an area of 430 km² (167 square miles). ... The Paps of Jura are three conical quartzite mountains which dominate the southern half of the island of Jura in Scotlands Inner Hebridies. ... The Mull of Kintyre refers to the most southwesterly section of the long Kintyre Peninsula in southwestern Scotland. ...


Lying offshore from Ardrossan is a small island named Horse Isle. This is an RSPB reserve and is home to nationally important populations of herring gulls and lesser black backed gulls. The Holm Plantation area dividing Ardrossan and Saltcoats is a popular area for alternative walks to the seaside as the large villas surrounding it prove very attractive for visitors. The current regeneration of the area has led to the plantation receiving many new amenities such as lighting and landscaped flower areas. Horse Isle is a small, rocky, uninhabited island in the Firth of Clyde, in Scotland. ... The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is Europes largest wildlife conservation charity. ... Binomial name Larus argentatus Pontoppidan, 1763 The Herring Gull, Larus argentatus, is a large gull which breeds across North America, Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) is a large gull which breeds on the Atlantic coasts of Europe. ...


Notable citizens and alumni

Ardrossan, from the core of its now gone industrial workers, has produced a number of people of individual note. Its Academy [1] has produced several former pupils that hold US and international patents for their scientific work.


One of the most high-profile former pupils is Professor David T. Denver, Professor of Politics and International Relations at the University of Lancaster.[2]. Professor Denver is a frequent media commentator on Scottish political issues and voting patterns and has published several books in the field of statistical analyses of voting patterns. Lancaster University is a campus university located about three miles south of Lancaster, England. ...


In addition, its Academy boasts as former pupils a winner of the Victoria Cross, Flying Officer Kenneth Campbell and Campbell Martin MSP, Independent Member of the Scottish Parliament for West of Scotland. Kenneth Campbell was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. ... Campbell Martin, born March 10, 1960 is a Scottish politician. ... Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ...


The Scottish singer and entertainer Calum Kennedy ran a hotel in Ardrossan towards the end of his life. An entertainer is someone who is hired to entertain people. ... Calum Kennedy (1928–15 April 2006) was a Scottish singer. ...


Arguably, the town's most notable son was physicist John Kerr. Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... Rev. ...


Government

Ardrossan lies in the Ayrshire North & Arran constituency in the House of Commons and Cunninghame North constituency in the Scottish Parliament. The Westminster seat is held by the Labour Party whereas the Holyrood seat was narrowly won from Labour by the Scottish National Party in the election of May 2007. Ayrshire North and Arran is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Type Lower House Speaker of the House of Commons Leader of the House of Commons Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Harriet Harman, QC, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Theresa May, PC, (Conservative) since December 6, 2005 Members 646 Political groups... Cunninghame North can refer to: Cunninghame North (UK Parliament constituency) Cunninghame North (Scottish Parliament constituency) Category: ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The name Holyrood may refer to: the official seat of the Scottish Parliament, or the Scottish Parliament Building Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh Holyrood Park near Edinburgh, facing the palace one of the areas of Edinburgh Holyrood is an anglicisation of the Scots haly ruid (holy cross). ... The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ...


Other places with the same name

The name Ardrossan has also been given to places elsewhere in the world:

  • Ardrossan, South Australia
  • Ardrossan, Alberta
  • Ardrossan was the name of the estate owned by the late Robert Scott of Philadelphia. His Mother, Hope Montgomery Scott, was the inspiration for Tracy Lord, heroine of The Philadelphia Story.

Ardrossan is a small town on the east coast of the Yorke Peninsula, about 150kms from Adelaide, South Australia. ... Ardrossan is a hamlet in Strathcona County, Alberta, Canada. ...

Further reading

  • McSherry, R&M (1996) Old Ardrossan

External links

  • News on a crackdown on derelict properties
  • Ardrossan Academy's prizewining website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ardrossan - definition of Ardrossan in Encyclopedia (575 words)
Ardrossan was one of the last towns in Scotland to be made a Burgh in 1846, with a Provost, magistrates and commissioners.
Today Ardrossan is developing into a commuter town with a population of around 11000, with frequent train and express coach links to Glasgow, aided by its location on the Glasgow to Largs/Ardrossan train line and its proximity to the A737 road.
Ardrossan lies in the Cunninghame North constituency in the Westminster and Scottish parliaments, however boundary changes to Westminster constituencies will see the town in the new North Ayrshire and Arran seat from the General Election in 2005.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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