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Encyclopedia > Ardeidae
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Ardeidae

Snowy Egret
Note the chicks in the nest.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes
Family: Ardeidae
Leach, 1820
Genera

See text Snowy Egret modified from a photo from David Hall from the US Fish and Wildlife Service File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Egretta thula Molina, 1782 The Snowy Egret, Egretta thula, is a small white heron. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascideiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Families Ardeidae Cochlearidae Balaenicipitidae Scopidae Ciconiidae Threskiornithidae Traditionally, the order Ciconiiformes has included a variety of large, long-legged wading birds with large bills: storks, herons, egrets, ibises, spoonbills, and several others. ...

The Ardeidae family of birds is the heron, egret and bittern family of wading birds. Genera Ardea Zebrilus Philherodias Tigrisoma Ardeola Bubulcus Egretta Agamia Butorides Tigriornis Tigrisoma Gorsachius Syrigma Zonerodius Nycticorax see also: Bittern Heron and reeds, Haronobu Suzuki (1754-1770) Herons are medium to large long-legged, long-necked wading birds of the family Ardeidae, which also includes the egrets and bitterns. ... Genera Egretta Ardea An egret is any of several herons, most of which are white or buff, and several of which develop fine plumes during the breeding season. ... † see also: Heron The bitterns are members of the heron family Ardeidae. ... Orders Many - see section below. ...


Within the family, all members of the genera, Botaurus and Ixobrychus are classed as bitterns, not herons. However the species sometimes known as egrets are simply white-coloured herons with decorative plumes, and not a biologically distinct group (although one could also define true Egrets as the members of genus Egretta). The classification of the individual heron species is fraught with difficulty, and there is still no clear consensus about the correct placement of many species into either of the two major genera, Ardea and Egretta. Although herons resemble other families, such as the storks, ibises and spoonbills, unlike the latter groups, herons fly with their necks retracted, not outstretched. Genera Mycteria Anastomus Ciconia Ephippiorhynchus Jabiru Leptoptilos The storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills. ... Genera Threskiornis Pseudibis Thaumatibis Geronticus Nipponia Bostrychia Theristicus Cercibis Mesembrinibis Phimosus Eudocimus Plegadis Lophotibis Platalea Ibises are a group of long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae. ... Genera and Species Platalea                     Ajaia     Spoonbills are a group of large, long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae, which also includes the Ibises. ...


The Boatbill is sometimes classed as a heron, and sometimes given its own family Cochlearidae. Binomial name Cochlearius cochlearius (Linnaeus, 1766) The Boatbill, Cochlearius cochlearius, is an odd bird related to the herons. ... Binomial name Cochlearius cochlearius (Linnaeus, 1766) The Boatbill, Cochlearius cochlearius, is an odd bird related to the herons. ...


The members of this family are all primarily associated with wetlands, and predate fish, frogs and other aquatic species. Some, like the Cattle Egret, also take large insects, and are less tied to watery environments.Some members of this group nest colonially in trees, others, notably the bitterns, use reedbeds.


In February 2005 the Canadian scientist Dr Louis Lefebvre announced a method of measuring avian IQ in terms of their innovation in feeding habits. Herons were named among the most intelligent birds based on this scale. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... This article is about the profession. ... IQ redirects here; for other uses of that term, see IQ (disambiguation). ...


Species

  • Genus Ardea
    • Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
    • Grey Heron, Ardea cinerea
    • Goliath Heron, Ardea goliath
    • Cocoi Heron, Ardea cocoi
    • White-necked Heron or Pacific Heron, Ardea pacifica
    • Black-headed Heron, Ardea melanocephala
    • Madagascar Heron, Ardea humbloti
    • White-bellied Heron, Ardea insignis
    • Great-billed Heron, Ardea sumatrana
    • Purple Heron, Ardea purpurea
    • Great Egret or Great White Egret, Ardea alba
    • Pied Heron, Ardea picata or Egretta picata
    • Intermediate Egret, Ardea intermedia or Egretta intermedia
    • Swinhoe's Egret or Chinese Egret, Ardea eulophotes or Egretta eulophotes
  • Genus Philherodias
    • Capped Heron, Pilherodius pileatus
  • Genus Butorides
  • Genus Ardeola
  • Genus Bubulcus
  • Genus Egretta
  • Genus Agamia
  • Genus Tigrisoma
    • Bare-throated Tiger Heron, Tigrisoma mexicanum
    • Fasciated Tiger Heron, Tigrisoma fasciatum
    • Rufescent Tiger Heron, Tigrisoma lineatum
  • Genus Tigriornis
    • White-crested Tiger Heron, Tigriornis leucolophus
  • Genus Zonerodius
    • New Guinea Tiger Heron, Zonerodius heliosylus
  • Genus Zebrilus
    • Zigzag Heron, Zebrilus undulatus
  • Genus Syrigma
    • Whistling Heron, Syrigma sibilatrix
  • Genus Nycticorax
    • Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax violaceus
    • Black-crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
    • White-backed Night Heron, Nycticorax leuconotus
  • Genus Gorsachius
    • Nankeen Night Heron or Rufous Night Heron, Gorsachius melanolophus or Nycticorax caledonicus
    • White-eared Night Heron, Gorsachius magnificus
    • Japanese Night Heron, Gorsachius goisagi
    • Malayan Night Heron, Gorsachius melanolophus
  • Genus Ixobrychus
  • Genus Botaurus
    • American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosa.
    • Great Bittern or European Bittern, Botaurus stellata
    • South American Bittern Botaurus pinnatus
    • Australasian Bittern Botaurus poiciloptilus

Binomial name Ardea herodias Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias, is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, common all over North and Central America as well as the West Indies and the Galápagos, except in deserts and high mountains where there is no water for... Binomial name Ardea cinerea Linnaeus, 1758 The Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, common throughout temperate Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Ardea melanocephala Vigors & Children, 1826 The Black-headed Heron (Ardea melanocephala) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, common throughout much of Africa south of the Sahara, and Madagascar. ... Binomial name Ardea purpurea Linnaeus, 1766 The Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, common throughout southern Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Ardea alba Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Egret (Ardea alba), also known as the Great White Egret, White Heron, or Common Egret, is a wading egret, found in most of the tropical and warmer temperate parts of the world, although it is very local in southern Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Egretta intermedia (Wagler), 1827) The Intermediate Egret (Egretta intermedia or Ardea intermedia) is a medium-sized heron. ... Binomial name Butorides virescens (Linnaeus, 1758) The Green Heron (Butorides virescens) is a small heron. ... Binomial name Butorides striatus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Striated Heron (or Mangrove Heron or Little Heron), Butorides striatus, is a small heron. ... Binomial name Ardeola grayii (Sykes, 1832) The Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii) is a small heron. ... Binomial name Ardeola ralloides Scopoli, 1769 The Squacco Heron, Ardeola ralloides, is a small heron. ... Binomial name Ardeola bacchus (Bonaparte, 1855) The Chinese Pond Heron, Ardeola bacchus, is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae, found in shallow fresh and salt-water wetlands and ponds in China and East Asia. ... Binomial name Bubulcus ibis Linnaeus, 1758 The Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis, is a small white heron. ... Binomial name Bubulcus ibis Linnaeus, 1758 The Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis, is a small white heron. ... Binomial name Egretta garzetta (Linnaeus, 1766) The Little Egret, Egretta garzetta, is a small white heron. ... Binomial name Egretta thula Molina, 1782 The Snowy Egret, Egretta thula, is a small white heron. ... Binomial name Egretta rufescens Gmelin, 1789 The Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens) is a small heron. ... Binomial name Egretta tricolor Statius Muller, 1776 The Tricolored Heron, Egretta tricolor, is a small heron. ... Binomial name Egretta novaehollandiae (Latham, 1790) The White-faced Heron, (Egretta novaehollandiae, formerly Ardea novaehollandiae) often known incorrectly as the Grey Heron, is a common bird throughout most of Australasia, including New Guinea, the islands of Torres Strait, Indonesia, New Zealand, the islands of the sub-Antarctic, and all but... Binomial name Egretta caerulea (Linnaeus, 1758) The Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea, is a small heron. ... Binomial name Egretta sacra (Gmelin, 1789) The Eastern Reef Egret, Egretta sacra, is a type of egret, coloured either white or dark grey. ... Binomial name Egretta gularis (Bosc, 1792) The Western Reef Heron , Egretta gularis, is a medium-sized heron. ... Binomial name Agamia agami (Gmelin, 1789) The Agami Heron, Agamia agami, is a medium-sized heron. ... Binomial name Agamia agami (Gmelin, 1789) The Agami Heron, Agamia agami, is a medium-sized heron. ... Binomial name Nycticorax violaceus Linnaeus, 1758 The Yellow-crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax violaceus, is a smaller heron, similar in appearance to the Black-crowned Night Heron. ... Binomial name Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus, 1758) The Black-crowned Night Heron (in Europe, often just Night Heron), Nycticorax nycticorax, is a medium-sized heron. ... Binomial name Ixobrychus minutus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Little Bittern, Ixobrychus minutus, is a very small bittern, 33-38 cm in length with a 49-58 cm wingspan. ... Binomial name Ixobrychus cinnamomeus (Gmelin,, 1789) The Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small bittern. ... Binomial name Ixobrychus exilis (Gmelin, 1789) The Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) is a small wading bird, the smallest heron found in North America. ... Binomial name Ixobrychus sinensis (Gmelin,, 1789) The Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis) is a small bittern. ... Binomial name Ixobrychus flavicollis (Latham,, 1790) The Black Bittern, Ixobrychus flavicollis, is a bittern. ... Binomial name Botaurus lentiginosus (Rackett, 1813) The American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus *) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae. ... Binomial name Botaurus stellaris Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Bittern (Botaurus stellaris) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae. ...

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