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Encyclopedia > Ardabil
Ardabil
اردبیل
Sheikh Safi's Tomb
Ardabil (Iran)
Ardabil
Coordinates: 38°15′N 48°17′E / 38.25, 48.283
Province Ardabil
Regional District Ardabil
Government
 - M.P. Nouradin Pirmoazen, Vali Azarvash, Hassan No'i-Aghdam
Area
 - City 18.011 km²  (7 sq mi)
Elevation 1,500 m (4,921 ft)
Population (2001)
 - City 340,386
 - Density 18,857/km² (48,839.4/sq mi)
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
Area code(s) 451

Ardabil (Persian: اردبیل; Azeri: اردبيل; also known as Ardebil; Old Persian: Artavil) is a historical city in north-western Iran. The name Ardabil comes from the Zoroastrian name of "Artavil" (mentioned in Avesta) which means a holy place.[1] Ardabil is the center of Ardabil province. Its population is estimated to be around 340,386, the majority of whom are ethnic Azerbaijanis . Famed for its silk and carpet trade tradition, the ancient Ardabil Carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian Rug creations. Ardabil is also known as the seat of the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty. Its geographic coordinates are 38°15′N, 48°17′E. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sheikh Safi al-Dins tomb Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili (of Ardebil) (1252-1334), eponym of the Safavid dynasty, was the spiritual heir and son in law of the great Sufi Murshid (Grand Master) Sheikh Zahed Gilani, of Lahijan in Gilan Province in northern Iran. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x849, 47 KB) Summary Blank locator map (orthographic projection) of Iran By Kaveh General SVG version: Sources Map of Iran - CIA - 2005 Provinces of Iran Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Sheikh Safis Tomb Ardabil (Persian: اردبیل; also known as: Ardebil; ancient name: Artavil) is one of 30 provinces of Iran. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Iran Standard Time (IRST) is the time zone used in Iran. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... The Azerbaijani language, also called Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkish, or Azerbaijani Turkish, is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan. ... See Aryan Language or Old Persian For more information visit: *[Ancient Iranian Languages & Literature The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS) ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... See Avesta Municipality for the Swedish town Yasna 28. ... Sheikh Safis Tomb Ardabil (Persian: اردبیل; also known as: Ardebil; ancient name: Artavil) is one of 30 provinces of Iran. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Carpet (disambiguation). ... Ardabil Carpet represents either one of the famous Persian rugs that are currently held by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. ... A traditional craftsman mending a rug in Isfahan. ... Shaikh (Arabic: شيخ ),(also rendered as Sheik, Shaykh or Sheikh) is a word in the Arabic language meaning elder of tribe, lord or a revered old man. ... Sheikh Safi al-Dins tomb Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili (of Ardebil) (1252-1334), eponym of the Safavid dynasty, was the spiritual heir and son in law of the great Sufi Murshid (Grand Master) Sheikh Zahed Gilani, of Lahijan in Gilan Province in northern Iran. ... An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ... Safavid Empire at its Greatest Extent After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Safavids (Persian: ) were an Iranian Shia dynasty of mixed Azerbaijani[1] and Kurdish[2] origins which ruled Iran from 1501/1502 to 1722. ...

Contents

Location

Ardabil is located about 70 km from the Caspian Sea, 210 km from the city of Tabriz and 25 km from Republic of Azerbaijan's border. It has an average altitude of 1263 m and total area of 18.011 km². Neighboring on the Caspian Sea and the Republic of Azerbaijan, this city is of great political and economical significance. The province of Ardabil has been blessed with splendid natural beauty and numerous sights. It is located on an open plain 1,500 m above sea level, just east of Mount Sabalan (4,811 m), where cold spells occur until late spring. The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... Tabriz (Persian and Azari: تبریز; Armenian: Ô¹Õ¡Õ¾Ö€Õ«Õ¦) is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Sabalan (سبلان Sabalân in Persian;also called Sāvālān in Azerbaijani) is an inactive volcano in Ardabil province of Iran. ...


Climate

Cold and semi-arid, many tourists come to the region for its cool climate during the hot summer months maximum temperatures reaching to 35 °C . The winters are long and bitter cold, with a temperature plummeting to -25 °C. The annual rainfall is around 380 mm.


History

The province is believed to be as old as the Achaemenid era 2500 BC. It is mentioned in the Avesta, where prophet Zoroaster was born by the river Aras and wrote his book in the Sabalan Mountains. During Parthian era the city had a special importance among the cities of Azarbaijan. Some Muslim historians attribute foundation of Ardabil to king Peroz I of Sassanid Empire. The Persian poet Ferdowsi also credits the foundation of the city to Peroz I. Ardabil suffered some damages caused by occasional raids of Huns between 4th to 6th century AD. Peroz repaired those damages and fortified the city. Peroz made Ardabil the residential of provincial governor (Marzban, in Persian: مرزبان) of Azarbaijan. Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius I and Xerxes I. At the height of their power, the Achaemenid rulers of Persia ruled over territories roughly emcompassing some parts of todays Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon... See Avesta Municipality for the Swedish town Yasna 28. ... Zoroaster (Greek Ζωροάστρης, ZōroastrÄ“s) or Zarathustra (Avestan: ZaraθuÅ¡tra), also referred to as Zartosht (Persian: ), was an ancient Iranian prophet and religious poet. ... Aras may refer to: ARAS, the Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism, [1] Aras Free Zone, an industrial Zone situated in north-west of Iran, adjacent to Autonomous Rep. ... Sabalan (سبلان Sabalân in Persian;also called Sāvālān in Azerbaijani) is an inactive volcano in Ardabil province of Iran. ... Parthia[1] (Middle Persian: اشکانیان Ashkâniân) was a civilization situated in the northeast of modern Iran, but at its height covering all of Iran proper, as well as regions of the modern countries of Armenia, Iraq, Georgia, eastern Turkey, eastern Syria, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf... Azerbaijan or Azarbaijan, also Iranian Azarbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan, or Persian Azarbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان ایران; Ä€zārbāijān-e Irān; Azerbaijani language: آذربایجان), is a region in northwestern Iran and south of Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan. ... Peroz I (Pirooz, Peirozes, Priscus, fr. ... After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the fourth Iranian dynasty, and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Ferdowsi Tousi (فردوسی طوسی in Persian) (more commonly transliterated Firdausi, Ferdosi or Ferdusi) (935–1020) is considered to be one of the greatest Persian poets to have ever lived. ... Many historians consider the Huns (meaning person in Mongolian language) the first Mongolian and Turkic people mentioned in European history. ... The word Marzban consists of two sections: Marz (border or boundary in Persian) and the suffix -ban (guardian in Persian). ...


During the Islamic conquest of Iran, Ardabil was the largest city in North Western Iran, and remained so until the Mongol invasion period. Ardabilis fought the Mongols three times, however the city fell after the third attempt by Mongols. They massacred not only the Ardabilis but inhabitants of neighboring villages and killing everyone they could find. Incursions of Mongols and Georgians left the city in ruins for nearly three centuries til the advent of Safavids. The Islamic conquest of Iran (637-651 CE) destroyed the Sassanid Empire and led to the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ...


Safavid Shah Ismail I started his campaign to nationalize Iran's government and land from here, but consequently announced Tabriz as his capital in 1500CE. Yet Ardabil remained an important city both politically and economically until modern times. Shah Ismail I, the founder of Safavid Dynasty of Iran pictured at battle against Abul-khayr Khan in a scene from the Tarikh-i alam-aray-i Shāh Ismāil Abul-Mozaffar bin Sheikh Haydar bin Sheikh Junayd Safawī (Persian: - Azerbaijani: ) (July 17, 1487 - May 23, 1524), Shah... Tabriz (Persian and Azari: تبریز; Armenian: Թավրիզ) is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...


Demographics

Shī‘a Islam, also Shi‘ite Islam, or Shi‘ism (Arabic ) is the second largest denomination of the Islamic faith. ... This article is about the Azerbaijani ethnic group. ... The Azerbaijani language, also called Azeri, Azari, Azeri Turkish, or Azerbaijani Turkish, is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan. ...

Attractions

Ardabil Museum

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Historical

  • The complex of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili: is an impressive ancient monument, comprising the following components: the mausoleums of Sheikh Safi and Shah Isma'il, Chini khaneh (meaning the house of chinaware), a mosque, Jannat Sara (meaning the house of paradise), Khanaqah (the house of Dervishes), Cheragh Khaneh (the house of lamps), Shahid khaneh (the house of martyrs) and Chelleh Khaneh (the place where devotees shut themselves up during the forty days of Lent). The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, the famous dome of which is called "Allah-Allah" has an octagonal interior.(Virtual tour)
  • Masjid Jameh : Ruins of once magnificent and unique Mosque.
  • Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school : This comlex dates back to Qajar period
  • Ardabil bazaar : This beautiful Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam and a small yet mystifying mosque.
  • Ardabil bridges : Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh, Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh and Pol-e Seh Cheshmeh most were built during Safavid era.
  • Imamzadeh Saleh mausoleum : The mausoleum of Imamzadeh Saleh who is a descendant of a Shia Imam was built 250 years ago.
  • Saint Mary church : This Armenian orthodox church has a beautiful wooden main door and painted dome built in 1876.

Being a city of great antiquity, the origins of Ardabil go back 4000 to 6000 years (according to historical research in this city). This city was the capital of Azerbaijan province in different times, but its golden age was in the Safavid period. Sheikh Safi al-Dins tomb Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ishaq Ardabili (of Ardabil) (1252-1334) (Persian: ), eponym of the Safavid dynasty, was the spiritual heir and son in law of the great Sufi Murshid (Grand Master) Sheikh Zahed Gilani, of Lahijan in Gilan Province in northern Iran. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... A hammam in Chefchaouen, Morocco The Turkish hammam (also Turkish bath or hamam) is the Middle Eastern variant of a steam bath, which can be categorized as a wet relative of the sauna. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Eastern Christianity. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ...


The other significant historical monuments are as follows: the mausoleum of Sheikh Jebra'il, located 2 km north of Ardabil, the old but always lively bazaar, the babadavood anbaran the Friday mosque, and a few ancient bridges. In addition to these, in many villages of Ardabil, relics of ancient monuments, including tombs have been found.


Geographical

It has many hot springs and beautiful natural landscapes and these attracts tourists. The mineral springs of Ardabil are Beele-Darreh, Sar'eyn, Sardabeh and Booshloo, being famous for their medicinal qualities throughout Iran. Image File history File links Shorabil_Lake. ... Image File history File links Shorabil_Lake. ... Lake Shorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil in Iran and covers an area of 640,000 m². Description The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals which are useful in healing skin diseases and rheumatism. ...


It has also many beauty lakes: the largest of which are Ne'or, Shorabil, ShoorGel, NouShahr and Aloocheh that are the habitats of some species of water birds. The beautiful Lake Ne'or is located in a mountainous area 48 km south-east of the city of Ardabil. It covers an area of 2.1 km² and has an average depth of 3 metres. It is fed by springs in the lake bed. Lake Shorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil in Iran and covers an area of 640,000 m². Description The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals which are useful in healing skin diseases and rheumatism. ...


Lake Shorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m². The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals, being useful for healing skin diseases and rheumatism. Near the lake there is the leisure complex of Shorabil. Lake Shorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil in Iran and covers an area of 640,000 m². Description The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals which are useful in healing skin diseases and rheumatism. ... Lake Shorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil in Iran and covers an area of 640,000 m². Description The surface of the lake is covered with a thin white layer of minerals which are useful in healing skin diseases and rheumatism. ...

  • Baliqly Chay River :

Meaning "a river with many fish" in Azarbayjani language, this river originates from the Sabalan Mountains and passes through Ardabil city. As a result, many villages and townships have settled around this river. It also irrigates much of the agricultural lands in this province.


Colleges and universities

Ardebil University of Medical Sciences (ARUMS), is a medical school in Ardabil Province of Iran. ... Mohaghegh Ardebili University (also written Ardabili), is a university in Ardabil Province of Iran. ...

Famous Ardabilis

The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi-ad-Din-e-Ardabili
The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi-ad-Din-e-Ardabili

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sheikh Safi al-Dins tomb Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili (of Ardebil) (1252-1334), eponym of the Safavid dynasty, was the spiritual heir and son in law of the great Sufi Murshid (Grand Master) Sheikh Zahed Gilani, of Lahijan in Gilan Province in northern Iran. ... Ayatollah al-Uzma Sayyed Abdolkarim Mousavi Ardebili (also spelt Ardabili, Persian: , born January 28, 1926) is an Iranian marja and politician. ... Ali Daei (Persian: , born March 21, 1969 in Ardabil, Iran) is a retired Iranian football player who currently is manager of Saipa F.C. in Irans Premier Football League. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Hossein Reza Zadeh (Persian: ‎ ​, born May 12, 1978) is an Iranian weightlifter and the current world record holder in the sport. ... Weightlifting is a sport where competitors attempt to lift heavy weights mounted on steel bars. ... Shah Ismail I, the founder of Safavid Dynasty of Iran pictured at battle against Abul-khayr Khan in a scene from the Tarikh-i alam-aray-i Shāh Ismāil Abul-Mozaffar bin Sheikh Haydar bin Sheikh Junayd SafawÄ« (Persian: - Azerbaijani: ) (July 17, 1487 - May 23, 1524), Shah... Safavid Empire at its Greatest Extent After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Safavids (Persian: ) were an Iranian Shia dynasty of mixed Azerbaijani[1] and Kurdish[2] origins which ruled Iran from 1501/1502 to 1722. ... Roham or (Rohum,Rohaam) ( رﻭهام in Persian, means the guardian ) is a hero in Ferdosis Shahnama, He is son of Goodarz ( گودرز in Persian ) who defeated Baarmaan( بارمان in Persian ) in the battle of Davazdahrokh ( دوازده رخ in Persian ). He is from the city of Ardebil. ... Shâhnameh Shāhnāmé, or Shāhnāma (Persian: )(alternative spellings are Shahnama, Shahnameh, Shahname, Shah-Nama, etc. ... Sheikh Safi al-Dins tomb Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili (of Ardebil) (1252-1334), eponym of the Safavid dynasty, was the spiritual heir and son in law of the great Sufi Murshid (Grand Master) Sheikh Zahed Gilani, of Lahijan in Gilan Province in northern Iran. ... Yahya Golmohammadi is a senior Iranian football player with Team Melli enjoying a second spell with the team after he was out for a few years. ... Adhan (Arabic: أَذَان aḏān; also: aazan, athan) is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the muezzin. ... The Zand dynasty ruled southern and central Iran in the eighteenth century. ... The tradition of Persian art music embodies twelve modal systems, known as dastgahs. ... In Arabic music a maqaam (Arabic: ‎, Hebrew: ) is, a technique of improvisation that defines the pitches, patterns, and development of a piece of music and which is unique to Arabian art music. ... Adhan (Arabic: أَذَان aḏān; also: aazan, athan) is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the muezzin. ...

Major Hotels

  • Sabalan Hotel
  • Hotel Sheikh Safi
  • Hotel Kosar
  • Hotel Darya

Economy

The economy of Ardabil is partially agricultural, partially tourist based, with some industries in operation.


The Iranian government in 2006 announced plans to build "the largest textile factory of its kind in the Middle East" in Ardabil.[2]


Arta Industrial Group (AIG) has one of the largest textile conglomerates in Iran.which is located in the provinces called Qazvin and Ardabil. The group has received numerous awards for being one of the top 20 exporters and industrial groups in Iran since 1998. It is the first company to produce HDF (high-density fiberboard) ,MDF (medium-density fiberboard) , laminate, flooring and multi layer films in Iran. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Qazvin (disambiguation). ... HDF may stand for one of the following: The data file format Hierarchical Data Format The Hubble Deep Field High-density fibreboard Hardboard A type of low-loss communications coaxial cable Heil dem Führer Category: ... MDF may stand for: main distribution frame (in telephony) medium-density fibreboard, a type of particle board made of wood chips market development funds, the real-estate cost of preferred retail shelf space, paid by the vendor Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum in Hungarian), a political party . ... Laminate flooring Laminated core transformer A laminate is a material constructed by uniting two or more layers of material together. ... An example of a flooring job Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor. ...


AIG has the first private industrial site in Iran in the city of Ardabil, which has fifteen main factories owned by (AIG). This Industrial zone covers an area of 100 hectares and Residential Area for engineers and managers of the company.


References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Link: http://www.payvand.com/news/06/jan/1190.html

External links

  • Azerb Link Of Ardabil
  • Encyclopedia of Orient About Ardabil
  • Ardabil-Iran Carvan Tourism
  • Municipality of Ardabil
  • Ardabil City Council

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ardabil - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (449 words)
Ardabil is the seat of the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty.
Ardabil stands about 70 km from the Caspian Sea and has an area of 18011 km².
Lake Shoorabil is located in a hilly area south of the city of Ardabil and covers an area of 640,000 m².
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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