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Encyclopedia > Archon
Look up Archon in
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Archon (Gr. άρχων, pl. άρχοντες) is a Greek word that means "ruler" or the like, though it is frequently encountered as the title of some specific public office. In form the word is simply the masculine present participle of the verb stem αρχ- (meaning "to rule"), derived from the same root that appears in words such as monarch and hierarchy. Look up archon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... For other uses, see Monarch (disambiguation). ... A hierarchy (in Greek: , derived from — hieros, sacred, and — arkho, rule) is a system of ranking and organizing things or people, where each element of the system (except for the top element) is a subordinate to a single other element. ...

Contents

Ancient Greece

In the early literary period of ancient Greece the chief magistrates of various Greek city states were called Archon.[citation needed] The term was also used throughout Greek history in a more general sense, ranging from "club leader" to "master of the tables" at syssitia to "Roman governor".[citation needed] In Roman terms, archontes ruled by imperium, whereas Basileis ("Kings") had auctoritas. The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... A magistrate is a civil or criminal (or both) judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. ... The syssitia (in Classical Greek / ta sussitia) was, in Ancient Greece, a common meal for men and youths in social or religious groups, especially in Crete and Sparta, though also in Megara in the time of Theognis (6th century BCE) and Corinth in the time of Periander (7th century BCE). ... Imperium can, in a broad sense, be translated as power. ... A silver coin of the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter. ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Auctoritas is the Latin origin of English authority. According to Benveniste [citation?], auctor (which also gives us English author) is derived from Latin augeó (to augment): The auctor is is qui auget, the one who augments the act or the juridical situation of another. ...


In Athens a system of three concurrent Archons evolved, the three office holders being known as the Archon Eponymos, the Polemarch, and the Archon Basileus.[citation needed] Originally these offices were filled from the aristocracy by elections every ten years. During this period the Eponymos Archon was the chief magistrate, the Polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the Archon Basileus was responsible for the civic religious arrangements. After 683 BC the offices were held for only a single year, and the year was named after the Archon Eponymos. (Many ancient calendar systems did not number their years consecutively as we do.) After 487 BC the archonships were assigned by lot to any citizen and the Polemarch's military duties were taken over by a new class of generals known as strategoi.[citation needed]The Polemarch thereafter had only minor religious duties. The Archon Eponymus remained the titular head of state even under the democracy, though of much reduced political importance.[citation needed] The Archons were assisted by "junior Archons", called Thesmothetes. After 457 BC ex-archons were automatically enrolled as life members of the Areopagus, though that assembly was no longer extremely important politically at that time. (See Archons of Athens.) This article is about the capital of Greece. ... A polemarch was one of the magistrates of ancient Athens. ... A silver coin of the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 730s BC 720s BC 710s BC 700s BC 690s BC - 680s BC - 670s BC 660s BC 650s BC 640s BC 630s BC Events and Trends 689 BC - King Sennacherib of Assyria sacks Babylon 687 BC - Gyges becomes king of... For other uses, see Calendar (disambiguation) A page from the Hindu calendar 1871–1872. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC 490s BC - 480s BC - 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC Years: 492 BC 491 BC 490 BC 489 BC 488 BC - 487 BC - 486 BC 485 BC... The term strategos (Greek στρατηγός) is used in Greek to mean general. In the Byzantine Empire the term was also used to describe a military governor (see Byzantine aristocracy and bureaucracy). ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 5th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 500s BC 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC - 450s BC - 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC Years: 462 BC 461 BC 460 BC 459 BC 458 BC - 457 BC - 456 BC 455 BC... This article concerns the Classical judicial body. ... This is a list of the eponymous archons of Athens. ...


Archons of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople

From time to time, laity of the Orthodox Church in communion with the Patriarch of Constantinople have been granted the title of Archon to honor their service to Church administration. In 1963, Archons were organized into a service society dedicated to Saint Andrew. This Archon status is not part of the Church hierarchy and is purely honorary. See http://www.archons.org/ . In religious organizations, the laity comprises all lay persons collectively. ... ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, ranking as the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox communion. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the elder brother of Saint Peter. ...


An Archon is an honoree by His All Holiness, the Ecumenical Patriarch, for his outstanding service to the Church, and a well-known, distinguished, and well-respected leader of the Orthodox Church (at large). ...


It is the sworn oath of the Archon to defend and promote the Orthodox Church faith and tradition. His main concern is to protect and promote the Holy Patriarchate and its mission. He is also concerned with human rights and the well-being and general welfare of the Church. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


As a significant religious position, the faith and dedication of a candidate for the role is extensively reviewed during consideration; the candidate should have demonstrated commitment for the betterment of the Church, Parish-Diocese, Archdiocese and the community as a whole.


Gnostic Archons

Part of a series on
Gnosticism

History of Gnosticism
Early Gnosticism
Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism
Gnosticism in modern times This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Simple_crossed_circle. ... The History of Gnosticism is subject to a great deal of debate and interpretation. ... Early Gnosticism Ophites Cainites Carpocratians Borborites Thomasines ... Syrian-Egyptian Gnostic Schools were ancient Gnostic sects from around the middle east, with some Judaic influences. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Proto-Gnostics
Philo
Valentinius
Cerinthus
Basilides The death of Simon Magus. ... Philo (20 BC - 50 AD), known also as Philo of Alexandria and as Philo Judaeus And as Yedidia, was a Hellenized Jewish philosopher born in Alexandria, Egypt. ... -Quevedo Valentinius, also called Valentinus (c. ... Cerinthus was the leader of a late first-century or early 2nd century sect, an offshoot of the Ebionites yet similar to Gnosticism in some respects, interesting in that it demonstrates the wide range of conclusions that could be drawn from the life and teachings of Jesus. ... Basilides redirects here. ...

Gnostic texts
Gnostic Gospels
Nag Hammadi library
Codex Tchacos
Bruce Codex
Gnosticism and the New Testament
Gnosticism used a number of religious texts that are preserved, in part or whole, in ancient manuscripts or are lost but mentioned critically in Patristic writings. ... The Gnostic Gospels are a class of writings about the life of Jesus which are associated with the early mystical trend of Gnostic Christianity. ... The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. ... The Codex Tchacos is an ancient Egyptian Coptic papyrus document containing early Christian Gnostic texts: The Gospel of Judas The First Apocalypse of James The Letter of Peter to Philip A fragment of Allogenes It is important because it contains the first known surviving text of the Gospel of Judas... The Bruce Codex (also called the Codex Brucianus) is a gnostic manuscript acquired by the British Museum. ... This article discusses the relationship between Gnosticism and the New Testament. ...

Related articles
Gnosis
Pythagoreanism
Neoplatonism and Gnosticism
Manichaeism
Esoteric Christianity
Theosophy
This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bust of Pythagoras Pythagoreanism is a term used for the esoteric and metaphysical beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were much influenced by mathematics and probably a main inspirational source for Plato and platonism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Manichean priests, writing at their desk, with panel inscription in Sogdian. ... In fashion then as of a snow-white rose Displayed itself to me the saintly host, Whom Christ in his own blood had made his bride - The Divine Comedy, Paradiso, Canto XXXI “Esoteric Christianity” is a term which refers to an ensemble of spiritual currents which regard Christianity as a... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ...

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In late antiquity some variants of Gnosticism used the term Archon to refer to several servants of the Demiurge, the "creator god", that stood between the human race and a transcendent God that could only be reached through gnosis. In this context they have the role of the angels and demons of the Old Testament. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Demiurge (from the Greek , Latinized , meaning artisan or craftsman, literally worker in the service of the people, from of the people + work) is a term for a creator deity, responsible for the creation of the physical universe. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Annunciation - the Angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she will bear Jesus (El Greco, 1575) An angel is an ethereal being found in many religions, whose duties are to assist and serve God. ... The demon Satan In folklore, mythology, and religion, a demon is a supernatural being that is generally described as an evil spirit, but is also depicted to be good in some instances. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Note: Judaism...


The Egyptian Gnostic Basilideans accepted the existence of an archon called Abraxas who was the prince of 365 spiritual beings (Irenaeus, Adversus Haereses, I.24). The Orphics accepted the existence of seven archons: Iadabaoth or Ialdabaoth (who created the six others), Iao, Sabaoth, Adonaios, Elaios, Astaphanos and Horaios (Origen, Contra Celsum, VI.31). The commonly-called Pistis Sophia (or The Books of the Savior) gives another set: Paraplex, Hekate, Ariouth (females), Typhon, and Iachtanabas (males). The Basilideans were a Gnostic sect founded by Basilides of Alexandria in the 2nd century. ... Engraving from an Abraxas stone. ... Irenaeus (Greek: Εἰρηναῖος), (b. ... On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis, commonly called Against Heresies (Latin: Adversus haereses), is a five volume work written by St. ... The head of Orpheus, from an 1865 painting by Gustave Moreau. ... Demiurge (from the Greek , Latinized , meaning artisan or craftsman, literally worker in the service of the people, from of the people + work) is a term for a creator deity, responsible for the creation of the physical universe. ... Alternate spelling of the Gnostic deity Ialdabaoth i. ... At the bottom of the hands, the two letters on each hand combine to form יהוה (YHWH), the name of God. ... Origen Origen (Greek: ÅŒrigénÄ“s, 185–ca. ... Contra Celsus, or (probably better Latin) Contra Celsum, is the title of a major work by the Church Father Origenes, refutating the anti-christian writings of Celsus the Platonist. ... The important Gnostic text, the Pistis Sophia, in five copies, which scholars date c. ... In later Greek mythology, Hecate (or Hekate; Greek Ἑκάτη Hekátē) was scarcely more than the goddess of witchcraft and sorcery. ... Zeus darting his lightning at Typhon, Chalcidian black-figured hydria, ca. ...


Ialdabaoth had a head of a lion, just like Mithraic Kronos (Chronos) and Vedic Narasimha, a form of Vishnu. Their wrathful nature was mistaken as evil. The snake wrapped around them is Ananta (Sesha) Naga (mythology). Mithraism was an ancient Iranic religion, based on worship of a god called Mehr who apparently derives from the Persian god Mithra and other Zoroastrian deities. ... For other uses, see Chronos (disambiguation). ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... Yoga Narasimha form at a temple in Vijayanagara, Hampi, India (man-lion) (also spelt as Narasingh, Narasinga) (नरसिंह in Devanagari) is described as the fourteenth incarnation (avatara) of Vishnu within the Puranic texts of Hinduism [1] who takes the form of half-man / half-lion, having a human torso and lower... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... For other uses, see Evil (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sesha Naga. ... The nagas ( snake) are an ancient race of snake-humanoid beings first depicted in ancient Vedic Hindu mythology and oral folklore from at least 5000 B.C.E. Stories involving the Nagas are still very much a part of contemporary cultural traditions in predominantly Hindu (India, Nepal, and the island...


Other uses

Real life

  • The term is used within the Arab-speaking Copts in church parlance as a title for a leading-figure laity.
  • Archon is the title given to Presidents of student chapters of the Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity. Vice-Presidents are known as Vice Archons.
  • Archon is the title given to Presidents of student chapters of the Phi Sigma Sigma Sorority. Vice-Presidents are known as Vice Archons.
  • Eminent Archon is the title given to Presidents of chapters of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity. Vice-Presidents are known as Eminent Deputy Archons.
  • Grand Archon is the title given to Presidents of the Sigma Delta Phi sorority and the Sigma Rho fraternity of the University of the Philippines.
  • Archon is the designation given to individual members of the Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity. The wives of the members are termed Archousa (pl. Archousai).
  • The Archons is a Greek co-ed group at Kenyon College that focuses on social fun through service events. Their motto is "Esse Quam Videri," which is Greek for "To Be, Not to Seem to Be."
  • Archon means an old old wooden ship used in the civil war.

Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Religions Coptic Orthodox Christianity, Coptic Catholicism, Protestantism Scriptures Bible Languages Mari, Coptic, Arabic, English, French, German A Copt (Coptic: , literally: Egyptian Christian) is a native Egyptian Christian. ... A title is a prefix or suffix added to a persons name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. ... In religious organizations, the laity comprises all lay persons collectively. ... Pi Kappa Phi is a national social fraternity that was founded in the spirit of nu phi, meaning non-fraternity. ... Phi Sigma Sigma (ΦΣΣ) was the first collegiate nonsectarian sorority, meaning that there was to be no judgment regarding religion or background. ... Sigma Alpha Epsilon (ΣΑΕ) is a secret letter, social college fraternity. ... The Oblation UP Diliman, the flagship campus of the U.P. System UP Baguio UP Extension Program in Pampanga Temporary Campus UP Los Baños UP Manila This article is about the University of the Philippines System. ... Sigma Pi Phi is the the oldest surviving black fraternity and generally considered to be the first black fraternity. ...

Books

  • Archon is the name of an Atlantean god in the popular romance/sci-fi Dark-Hunter series by author Sherrilyn Kenyon. The son of Chaos (the formless matter that birthed the universe) and Fegkia (Splendour), Archon was born to be the ruler of the Atlantean pantheon. He established order out of the universe his father had created.
  • In the book Scar Night, Archons were a race of winged beings that were sent by Ulcis,the god of chains, out of the Abyss.
  • In the Book Mind Invaders by Dave Hunt, The Archons are nine demonic beings who pretend to be highly evolved intelligent beings who have come to guide mankind to its next evolutionary step.
  • In the Greek versions of the Harry Potter series of books Tom Riddle is named Anton Morvol Hert, making the anagram "Archon Voldemort".
  • Jacques Derrida uses 'archon' to refer to the guardian and authoritative interpreter of an archive. For example, Derrida traces the archon to the Greek concept in Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression (1995, p.2).

The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see Fiction (disambiguation). ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Outlanders is a series of science-fiction novels published by Gold Eagle, an imprint of Harlequin Enterprises. ... The Invisibles is an adult comic book series that was published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics from 1994 to 2000. ... The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Rotary International, Optimist International, or the Shriners. ... Scar Night is the first novel in The Deepgate Codex series of novels, written by Alan Campbell and published in 2006. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Jacques Derrida (IPA: in French [1], in English ) (July 15, 1930 – October 8, 2004) was an Algerian-born French philosopher, known as the founder of deconstruction. ...

Movies and television

  • In the Star Trek episode "The Return of the Archons," the space vessel Archon crashes on Beta III. The crew of the USS Enterprise are referred to as Archons, after the crew of the ill fated ship.
  • In Stargate SG-1, Archons are similar to lawyers for the Tollans (an advance race living on a planet called Tollana). During Triad (trial), there are 3 archons, one for each defendant and a neutral archon, who has the prerogative of the casting vote.
  • In NX Files, Archons are evolved beings who guide Team Xtreme, the true purpose of which remains a mystery.
  • Some speculate that the Agents featured in The Matrix films were intended to metaphorically represent Gnostic Archons, in that they stood between humanity and their transcendence from the Matrix, into the enlightened real world.

The starship Enterprise as it appeared on Star Trek Star Trek is a culturally significant science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry in the 1960s. ... Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is a science fiction television series, part of the Stargate franchise. ... In the science fiction series Stargate SG-1, the Tollan are a human civilization. ... Tollana is a fictional planet from the science fiction television series Stargate SG-1. ... NX Files is an action martial arts video series broadcasted online. ... This article is about the 1999 film. ...

Role-playing games

  • In the World of Darkness, Archons are the chosen servants of the Justicars; both serving under, to reinforce, the Camarilla sect of Vampires.
  • In the game Kult, the ten Archons are servitors of the evil Demiurge. Their task is to keep humanity imprisoned in the Demiurge's illusion and ignorant of Reality and their true nature.

This article is about the role-playing game. ... Parallel universe or alternate reality in science fiction and fantasy is a self-contained separate reality coexisting with our own. ... Archons are a type of lawful good celestial from the Dungeons & Dragons role playing game. ... This article is about the supernatural being. ... In Dungeons & Dragons, the fantasy role-playing game, Mount Celestia or more fully, the Seven Mounting Heavens of Celestia, or even the Seven Heavens is a lawful good-aligned plane of existence. ... The World of Darkness (or WoD) is the name given to three related but distinct fictional universes. ... For the Polish band see Kult (band) Kult is a contemporary fantasy horror role-playing game originally designed by Gunilla Jonsson and Michael Petersén, published in Sweden by Target Games in 1991. ... Demiurge (from the Greek , Latinized , meaning artisan or craftsman, literally worker in the service of the people, from of the people + work) is a term for a creator deity, responsible for the creation of the physical universe. ...

Video games

  • In the science-fiction series StarCraft, archons are powerful psionic entities, formed by two mentally disciplined Protoss merging their minds and corporeal bodies into psionic energy. In the games, they serve as heavy assault warriors. A number of variations of archons can be formed depending on the affiliation of the participants.
  • In the game Fable, the Archon was the ruler of the old kingdom who became corrupted by the sword of Aeons.
  • Archon was also the name of a popular game 1980's 8-bit computer game where opposing teams of good and evil characters did battle on a game board somewhat similar to a chess board.
  • In the online game Materia Magica, Archons are the highest level players, subordinate only to the Immortals (system administrators). Achievement of Archon rank requires advancement through 240 levels of play and completion of a special quest.
  • One of the final areas in the video game Xenosaga Episode III: Also sprach Zarathustra is called the Archon Cathedral. The game is known to use Gnostic and Judeo-Christian terminology as well as various terms from psychology.
  • In the computer game NetHack, the Archon is the second most difficult of the randomly generated monsters, and is regarded as the best pet.
  • In Deus Ex, the username demiurge and the password archon can be used on a UNATCO computer to find a killphrase to be used on a powerful enemy.

BattleTech is a wargaming and science fiction franchise, launched by FASA Corporation and currently owned by WizKids. ... This article does not make a clear distinction between fact and fiction. ... The Lyran Alliance is a fictional state in the BattleTech universe. ... “Starcraft” redirects here. ... Parapsychology is the study of the evidence involving phenomena where a person seems to affect or gain information about something through a means not currently explainable within the framework of mainstream, conventional science. ... Artanis, a young Protoss Praetor in the StarCraft universe. ... Fable is a video game for Xbox. ... Archon is a computer game developed by Free Fall Associates and distributed by Electronic Arts. ... Materia Magica, originally entitled Moongate Online, is a MUD (Multi-User Dungeon, a type of computer role-playing game). ... Namcos Pac-Man is one of the most popular video games ever made. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... City of Heroes (CoH) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing computer game based on the superhero comic book genre, developed by Cryptic Studios and published by NCsoft. ... City of Villains is a massively multiplayer online role-playing computer game based on the superhero comic book genre, developed by Cryptic Studios and published by NCSoft. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... Lords of Magic is a turn-based strategy PC game designed for Windows 95/98 by Sierra Entertainment. ... Sierra Entertainment is an American computer game developer and publisher headquartered in Los Angeles, California. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... EVE Online is a persistent world multiplayer online game set in space. ... Photo of CCP at work CCP (Crowd Control Productions) is known for the MMORPG game EVE_Online. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... This article is about the role-playing game. ... This article is about the video game. ... Demiurge (from the Greek , Latinized , meaning artisan or craftsman, literally worker in the service of the people, from of the people + work) is a term for a creator deity, responsible for the creation of the physical universe. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that may be overly long, confusing, or ambiguous. ...

Others

Collectible card games (CCGs), also called customizable card games or trading card games, are played using specially designed sets of cards. ... Magic: The Gathering (colloq. ... Erfworld: The Battle for Gobwin Knob is a fantasy/comedy story-driven webcomic written by Rob Balder (the author of PartiallyClips) and illustrated by Jamie Noguchi. ... This article is about the television series. ...

References

Philosophy Portal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Archon :: d20srd.org (1656 words)
Archons generally prefer to meet a foe head-on if it is prudent to do so, but if outmatched, they do what they can to even the odds (usually by employing hit-and-run tactics or standing off and engaging a foe with magic before moving into melee).
A hound archon’s natural weapons, as well as any weapons it wields, are treated as good-aligned and lawful-aligned for the purpose of overcoming damage reduction.
The hound archon hero is a mighty champion of justice, devoted to the pursuit and destruction of evil in all its forms.
Archon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (597 words)
During this period Archon Eponymous was the chief magistrate, the Polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the Archon Basileus was responsible for the civic religious arrangements.
1 Archons of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
In late antiquity some variants of Gnosticism used the term Archon to refer to several servants of the Demiurge, the "creator god" that stood between the human race and a transcendent God that could only be reached through gnosis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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