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Encyclopedia > Archlute
An Archlute by Matteo Sellas, Venice, 17th century
An Archlute by Matteo Sellas, Venice, 17th century

The archlute (Italian arciliuto, German Erzlaute, Russian Архилютня) a European plucked string instrument was developed around 1600 as a compromise between the very large theorbo, the size and re-entrant tuning of which made for difficuties in the performance of solo music, and the Renaissance tenor lute, which lacked the bass range of the theorbo. Essentially a tenor lute with the theorbo's neck-extension, the archlute lacks the power in the tenor and the bass that the theorbo's large body and typically greater string length provide. The main differences between the archlute and the "baroque" lute of northern Europe are that the baroque lute has 11 to 13 courses, while the archlute typically has 14, and the tuning of the first six courses of the baroque lute outlines a d-minor chord, while the archlute preserves the tuning of the Renaissance lute, with perfect fourths surrounding a third in the middle for the first six. The archlute then, was often used as a solo instrument for the first three-quarters of the 17th century, but is rarely mentioned as a continuo instrument in this period, the theorbo being the lute class instrument with this role. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (266x670, 22 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (266x670, 22 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the... A theorbo is a type of long-necked lute developed during the late-sixteenth century, inspired by the spirited discussions of the Florentine Camerata and new musical works such as Giulio Caccinis Le Nuove Musiche. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


As continuo bass lines were composed both faster in motion and higher in tessitura towards the end of the 17th century the archlute began to eclipse the theorbo as the main plucked string continuo instrument. The theorbo lacked the higher notes of the bass lines and the increasing practise of doubling the continuo part with a bowed bass (cello or viol) made the archlute's lack of power in the tenor and bass a less important shortcoming. Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of integer musical notation used to indicate intervallic content (the intervals which make up a sonority), later chords, in relation to a bass note. ... The violoncello, almost always abbreviated to cello, or cello (the c is pronounced as the ch in cheese), is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... Various sizes of viol, from Michael Praetorius Syntagma musicum (1618) The viol (also called viola da gamba) is any one of a family of bowed, fretted stringed musical instruments developed in the 1400s and used primarily in the Renaissance and Baroque periods. ...


The theorbo had been commonly used as the melodic bass instrument in trio sonatas from the beginning of the Baroque and the archlute took over that function too. The most famous example being Corelli's Opus 1 and 3 trio sonatas which have partbooks for 1st and 2nd violin, 'violone o arciliuto' and a continuo part for organ, a simplified version of the 'violone o arciliuto' book. The violone o arciliuto book has just as many figures to tell the player what chords to play as the organ partbook, which suggests the archlute player would be adding chords above the bass where possible. The trio sonata is a musical form which was particularly popular around the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century. ... Arcangelo Corelli (February 17, 1653 – January 8, 1713) was an Italian violin player and Baroque music composer. ...


The archlute was used in Handel's operas and like repertoire; Giulio Cesare (1724) has continuo parts labelled both arciliuto and tiorba. Perhaps one player would play both instruments. HANDEL was the code-name for the UKs National Attack Warning System in the Cold War. ... Giulio Cesare (Julius Caesar) is an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel. ... Theorbo A theorbo (from Italian tiorba, also tuorbe in French, Theorbe in German) is a plucked string instrument. ...

Contents

Composers

Any late Italian Baroque music with a part labelled 'liuto' will mean 'arciliuto', the classic Renaissance lute being in disuse by this time. The most important composers of archlute music in the 17th sentury are Alessandro Piccinini and in the 18th century Giovanni Zamboni, whose set of 12 sonatas (1718, Lucca) for the intrument is extant, and Milanese composers from late 18th century, Antonio Scotti and Melchiorre Chiesa. Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 to 1750 (see Dates of classical music eras for a discussion of the problems inherent in defining the beginning and end points). ... Alessandro Piccinini (1566-1638), Italian lutenist and composer. ... Composers of the Baroque era, ordered by date of birth: // [edit] Early Baroque era composers (born 1550-1600) Composers of the Early Baroque era include the following figures listed by the probable or proven date of their birth: Giulio Caccini (c. ...


Performers

The most important living archlute players are Edin Karamazov, Luciano Contini and Luca Pianca who specialize in this particular type of lute, and also Paul O'Dette and Nigel North. The Karamazov's archlute is also featured on Sting's album Songs from the Labyrinth, devoted to sixteenth-century music composed by John Dowland. Edin Karamazov is a Bosnian musician-lutenist (born in 1965 in Zenica, Bosnia). ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Paul ODette is an American lutenist, conductor, and music researcher specializing in early music. ... For other uses, see Sting (disambiguation). ... Songs From The Labyrinth is an album of recordings of the music of John Dowland by Sting and Bosnian lutenist Edin Karamazov. ... John Dowland (pronounced to rhyme with Roland) (1563 – February 20, 1626) was an English, possibly Irish-born composer, singer, and lutenist. ...


Tuning

Image:tuning-arch.jpg Image File history File linksMetadata Tuning-arch. ...


See also

The lute is a plucked string instrument with a fretted neck and a deep round back. ...

External links

  • Chitarrone, theorbo and Archlute by Robert Spencer

 
 

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