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Encyclopedia > Archivo General de Indias
The Archivo de Indias, Seville
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The Archivo de Indias, Seville

The Archivo General de Indias ("General Archive of the Indies") is the document repository, housed in Seville in the ancient merchants' exchange, the Casa Lonja de Mercederes, of extremely valuable archival documents illustrating the history of the Spanish empire in the Americas and the Philippines. The General Archive of the Indies is housed in a structure designed by Juan de Herrera, an unusually serene and Italianate Spanish example of Renaissance architecture. The building and its contents were enregistered in 1987 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 453 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 453 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Seville (Spanish: Sevilla, see also different names) is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain, crossed by the river Guadalquivir (37° 22′ 38″ N, 5° 59′ 13″ W). ... Spain was the center of one of the first Global Empires. ... El Escorial Juan de Herrera (b. ... By region Italian Renaissance Spanish Renaissance Northern Renaissance French Renaissance German Renaissance English Renaissance Renaissance Architecture: The cultural movement called the Renaissance (which literally means re-birth) was just that in architecture, a rebirth of the Roman traditions of design recognized by contemporaries in the term alllAntica, in the... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1945. ... World Heritage Site #86: Memphis and its Necropolis, including the Pyramids of Giza (Egypt). ...


The origin of the structure dates to the founding by Philip II of the Casa de Contrataciòn or Casa Lonja. Philip commissioned the building in 1572 from Juan de Herrera, the architect of the Escorial. The merchants of Seville had been in the habit of retreating to the cool recesses of the cathedral to transact business. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The facade of the chapel, in the baroque style of Jesuit churches, is integrated with the palatial facade El Escorial is an immense palace, monastery, museum, and library complex located at San Lorenzo de El Escorial (also San Lorenzo del Escorial), a town 45 kilometres northwest of Madrid in the...


The building encloses a large central patio with ranges of two storeys, the windows set in slightly sunken panels between flat pilasters. Plain square tablets float in the space above each window. The building is surmounted by a balustrade, with rusticated obelisks standing at the corners. There is no sculptural decoration, only the discreetly contrasting tonalities of stone and stucco, and the light shadows cast by the slight relief of the pilasters against their piers, by the cornices, and by the cornice strips that cap each window. In architecture, pilasters comprise slightly-projecting pseudo-columns built into or onto a wall, with capitals and bases. ... Stairs, staircase, stairway, flight of stairs are all names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps. ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris An obelisk is a tall, thin, four-sided, tapering monument which ends in a pyramidal top. ...


The building was begun in 1584 by Juan de Mijares, working to Herrera's plans, and was ready for use in 1598, according to an inscription on the north façade. Work on completing the structure proceded through the 17th century, directed until 1629 by the archbishop Juan de Zumárraga and finished by Falconete. Juan de Zumárraga (1468 – 3 June 1548) was a Spanish Franciscan prelate and first bishop of Mexico. ...


In 1785, by decree of Charles III the archives of the Consejo de Indias (the Council of the Indies) were to be housed here, in order to bring together under a single roof all the documentation referring to the Spanish empire, which until that time had been dispersed among various archives, as Simancas, Cádiz and Seville. Responsibility for the project was delegated to José de Gálvez y Gallardo, Secretary for the Indies, who depended on the historian Juan Bautista Muñoz for the plan's execution. Two basic motivation underlay the project; in addition to the lack of space in the Archivo General de Simancas the central archive of the Spanish Crown, was the expectation, in the spirit of the Enlightenment, that Spanish historians would take up the history of Spain's colonial empire. It was decided that documents evolved after 1760 would for the time being, remain with their primary institutions. Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Consejo de Indias (Council of the Indies), in full the Real y Supremo Consejo de Indias (Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies) was the most important administrative organ of the Spanish Empire, both in administering the Americas and in the Philippines, combining legislative, executive and judicial functions. ... Spain was the center of one of the first Global Empires. ... Simancas, a town of Spain, in the province of Valladolid; 8 miles SW of Valladolid, on the road to Zamora and the right bank of the river Pisuerga. ... City nickname: Tacita de plata (little silver cup) Location Location within Spain Government Province Cádiz Mayor Teófila Martínez Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 12. ... Enlightenment may refer to: Enlightenment (concept), a concept in mysticism, philosophy and psychology For the Hindu religious concept of enlightenment, see moksha For the Buddhist religious concept, see Bodhi, Satori For the Yoga concept of enlightenment, see Yogic Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment, a period in European history For the...


The first of the documents arrived in October 1785. Some restructuring of the Casa Lonja to accomodate the materials was rerquired, and a grand marble staircase was added, to designs of Lucas Cintara in 1787.


The archives are rich with autograph material from the first of the Conquistadors to the end of the 19th century. Here is Miguel de Cervantes' request for an official post, the Bull of Demarcation of Pope Alexander VI that divided the world between Spain and Portugal, the journal of Christopher Columbus, maps and plans of the colonial American cities, in addition to the ordinary archives that reveal the month-to-month workings of the whole vast colonial machinery, which have been mined by every Spanish historian in the last two centuries. Conquistador (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who achieved the Conquista (this Spanish term is generally accepted by historians), i. ... Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (September 29, 1547 – April 23, 1616), was a Spanish novelist, poet and playwright. ... Alexander VI, (Rodrigo Borgia) (January 1, 1431 – August 18, 1503) pope (1492-1503), is the most memorable of the secular popes of the Renaissance. ... Christopher Columbus (conjectural image by Sebastiano del Piombo). ...


Today the Archivo General de Indias houses some nine kilometers of shelving, in 43,000 volumes and some 80 million pages, which were produced by the colonial administration:

  • Consejo de Indias, 16th-19th centuries
  • Casa de la Contratación, 16th-18th centuries
  • Consulados of Seville and of Cádiz, 16th-19th centuries
  • Secretaríes of State and Despacho Universal de Indias, de Estado, Gracia y Justicia, Hacienda y Guerra, 18th-19th centuries
  • Secretaría del Juzgado de Arribadas de Cádiz, 18th-19th centuries
  • Comisaría Interventora de la Hacienda Pública de Cádiz, Dirección General de la Renta de Correos, 18th-19th centuries
  • Sala de Ultramar del Tribunal de Cuentas, 19th century
  • Real Compañía de la Habana, 18th-19th centuries

The structure underwent a thorough restoration in 2002–2004, without interrupting its function as a research library. As of 2005, its 15 million pages are in the process of being digitized. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  • El Archivo de Indias (in Spanish)
  • Monumentas de Sevilla: Archivo de Indias
  • Fernando Bruner Prieto, "El Archivo General de Indias de Sevilla, Sagrario de la Hispanidad" (in Spanish)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Archivo General de Indias - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (647 words)
The Archivo General de Indias ("General Archive of the Indies") is the document repository, housed in Seville in the ancient merchants' exchange, the Casa Lonja de Mercaderes, of extremely valuable archival documents illustrating the history of the Spanish empire in the Americas and the Philippines.
The General Archive of the Indies is housed in a structure designed by Juan de Herrera, an unusually serene and Italianate Spanish example of Renaissance architecture.
The building was begun in 1584 by Juan de Mijares, working to Herrera's plans, and was ready for use in 1598, according to an inscription on the north façade.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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