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Encyclopedia > Architecture in New York City
Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005.Full panoramic photo
Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005.
Full panoramic photo

The building form most closely associated with New York City is the skyscraper, a pioneering urban form that saw city building shift from the low-scale European tradition to the vertical rise of business districts. Surrounded mostly by water, New York's residential density and the extremely high real estate values found in the city's commercial districts saw the city amass the largest collection of individual, free-standing office and residential towers in the world [1][2]. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 599 KB) New York - View from Empire State Buildung Author: Bernd Untiedt, Germany January 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: New York City ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 599 KB) New York - View from Empire State Buildung Author: Bernd Untiedt, Germany January 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: New York City ... View of Midtown from Empire State Building. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (7979x740, 1523 KB) Skyline panorama of New York City from Empire State Building - Note that this is an updated photo, i. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building architecturally, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... A tower block, block of flats, or apartment block, is a multi-unit high-rise apartment building. ... Antarctica Oceania Africa Asia Europe North America South America Middle East Caribbean Central Asia East Asia North Asia South Asia Southeast Asia SW. Asia Australasia Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia Central America Latin America Northern America Americas C. Africa E. Africa N. Africa Southern Africa W. Africa C. Europe E. Europe N...

Contents

Skyline

New York in fact has three separately recognizable skylines: Midtown Manhattan, Downtown Manhattan (also known as Lower Manhattan), and Downtown Brooklyn. The largest of these skylines is in Midtown, which is the largest central business district in the world, and also home to such notable buildings as the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, and Rockefeller Center. The Downtown skyline comprises the third largest central business district in the United States (after Midtown and Chicago's Loop), and was once characterized by the presence of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center. View of Midtown from Empire State Building. ... The term Downtown Manhattan may have different meanings to different people, especially depending on what part of New York City they live in. ... Lower Manhattan skyline as viewed from the Staten Island Ferry Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... Skyline of Downtown Brooklyn seen from the East River Metro Tech is a business center in Downtown Brooklyn Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest central business district in New York City (following Midtown Manhattan and Downtown Manhattan), and is located in the northwestern section of the borough of Brooklyn. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City. ... The Chrysler Building is a skyscraper and distinctive symbol of New York City, standing 1,046 feet (319 m) high on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... Lower Plaza at Rockefeller Center. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, City of the Big Shoulders, The 312, The City that Works Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837  - Mayor... The Loop is what locals call the historical center of downtown Chicago. ... WTC redirects here. ...


Today it is undergoing the rapid reconstruction of Lower Manhattan, and will include the new One World Trade Center Freedom Tower, which will rise to a height of 1776 ft. when completed in 2010. The Downtown skyline will also be getting notable additions soon from such architects as Santiago Calatrava and Frank Gehry. Also, Goldman Sachs is building a 225 meter (750 feet) tall, 43 floor building across the street from the World Trade Center site. Lower Manhattan skyline as viewed from the Staten Island Ferry Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... For the building in Florida of the same name, see Freedom Tower (Miami). ... Womens Bridge, in Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires. ... Frank Owen Gehry, (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg in Toronto, Ontario on February 28, 1929) is a Pritzker Prize winning architect based in Los Angeles, California. ... Goldman Sachs offices at the Fraumünsterplatz in Zürich (the light-colored building on the left) The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. ...


New York City has a long history of tall buildings. It has been home to 10 buildings that have held the world's tallest fully inhabitable building title at some point in history, although half have since been demolished. The first building to bring the world's tallest title to New York was the New York World Building, in 1890. Later, New York City was home to the world's tallest building for 75 continuous years, starting with the Park Row Building in 1899 and ending with 1 World Trade Center upon completion of the Sears Tower in 1974. One of the world's earliest skyscrapers, still standing in the city, is the Park Row Building, built in 1899. The New York World Building was a skyscraper in New York City built in 1890 to house the now defunct paper, The New York World. ... The Park Row Building is a skyscraper in New York City built in 1899. ... (Redirected from 1 World Trade Center) This article is about the World Trade Center complex in New York City; see this article for the many other buildings around the world that have also been called world trade centers. The twin towers, photographed from the west The World Trade Center in... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois, and the tallest building in the United States, by the measurement from the ground to its roof. ... The Park Row Building is a skyscraper in New York City built in 1899. ...


The Downtown Brooklyn skyline is the smallest of the three New York City skylines, and is centered around a major transportation hub in Northwestern Brooklyn. The borough of Queens has also been developing its own skyline in recent years with a Citigroup office building (which is currently the tallest building in NYC outside Manhattan), and the Queens West development of several residential towers along the East River waterfront. Skyline of Downtown Brooklyn seen from the East River Metro Tech is a business center in Downtown Brooklyn Downtown Brooklyn is the third largest central business district in New York City (following Midtown Manhattan and Downtown Manhattan), and is located in the northwestern section of the borough of Brooklyn. ... Brooklyn (named for the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... Queens Borough in New York City, in yellow Queens is one of the five boroughs of New York City, USA. Geographically the largest borough in the city, Queens is home to many immigrants and two of New Yorks major airports. ... Citigroup Inc. ... New York City waterways: 1. ...


360° Panorama of Manhattan seen from the Empire State Building


ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (7979x740, 1523 KB) Skyline panorama of New York City from Empire State Building - Note that this is an updated photo, i. ...

Notable skyscrapers

The World Trade Center the former Tallest buildings in New York City
The World Trade Center the former Tallest buildings in New York City

New York City has the most individual, free-standing skyscrapers in the world with 47 buildings taller than 200 meters and 3 taller than 300 meters. For comparison, Hong Kong, which has the most skyscrapers in the world[3], has 43 taller than 200 meters, 5 taller than 300 meters; and Chicago has 19 taller than 200 meters, 5 taller than 300. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1276x1176, 1041 KB) Public domain image of WTC from NOAA. Taken from the west. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1276x1176, 1041 KB) Public domain image of WTC from NOAA. Taken from the west. ... WTC redirects here. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, City of the Big Shoulders, The 312, The City that Works Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837  - Mayor...


World Trade Center Towers 1 and 2 were the two tallest buildings in the city before they were destroyed on September 11th, 2001. The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks carried out in the United States on September 11, 2001. ...


The Empire State Building, a 102-story contemporary Art Deco style building, was designed by Shreve, Lamb and Harmon and finished in 1931. The tower takes its name from the nickname of New York State and is currently the tallest building in the city. The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City. ... Asheville City Hall. ... Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon was the architectural firm best known for the 1931 Empire State Building, the tallest building in New York. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...

The Empire State Building, with the Chrysler Building behind. They are iconic New York skyscrapers.
The Empire State Building, with the Chrysler Building behind. They are iconic New York skyscrapers.

Completed in 1930, the Chrysler Building is a distinctive symbol of New York, standing 1,048 feet (319 m) high on the east side of Manhattan. Originally built for the Chrysler Corporation, the building is presently co-owned by TMW Real Estate (75%) and Tishman Speyer Properties (25%). The Chrysler Building was the first structure in the world to surpass the 1,000 foot threshold. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x2000, 1455 KB) yo motha fuckas this is new york city!! YAYA! auteur : slonecker There are no usage restrictions for this photo. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x2000, 1455 KB) yo motha fuckas this is new york city!! YAYA! auteur : slonecker There are no usage restrictions for this photo. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City. ... The Chrysler Building is a skyscraper and distinctive symbol of New York City, standing 1,046 feet (319 m) high on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... The Chrysler Building is a skyscraper and distinctive symbol of New York City, standing 1,046 feet (319 m) high on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... The Chrysler Corporation was a United States-based automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ... Tishman Speyer Properties is a leading real estate building and operating company set up in 1978 by two founding partners, Jerry Speyer and Robert Tishman. ...


The GE Building is a slim Art Deco skyscraper and the focal point of Rockefeller Center. At 850 ft (259 m) with 70 floors, it is the seventh tallest building in New York and the 30th tallest in the United States. Built in 1933 and originally called the RCA Building, it is one of the most famous and recognized skyscrapers in New York. The frieze above the main entrance was executed by Lee Lawrie and depicts Wisdom, along with a slogan that reads "Wisdom and Knowledge shall be the stability of thy times". GE Building at Rockefeller Center The GE Building at night Close-up against the night sky At night, from the ground View from Top of the Rock at dusk The GE Building is a slim gothic skyscraper and the focal point at the Rockefeller Center. ... Lower Plaza at Rockefeller Center. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... RCAs logo as seen today on many products. ... Grill work from Education Building, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Lee Oscar Lawrie (October 16, 1877 - January 23, 1963) was one of Americas foremost architectural sculptors and a key figure in the American art scene preceding World War II. His work includes the details on the Capitol building in Lincoln, Nebraska and... Personification of wisdom (Greek Σοφια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Detail from the Allegory of Wisdom and Strength by Paulo Veronese (c. ...


The International Style was a groundbreaking exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art that completely changed the face of architecture in New York and the world. Mies Van Der Rohe, a focus of the show, later built the Seagram Building on 5th Ave at 53rd Street. One of the most important buildings for modern architecture, the Seagram Building transformed its midtown site, the development of tall buildings, and the history of architecture. Other architects replicated details from Seagram within New York and around the world for decades following its completion in the late 1950s. The bronze extrusions attached to the mullions are exemplary of this trend in tall building design and can be seen in many cities. International style can refer to International style in ballroom dancing - see ballroom dance; International style in architecture - see international style. ... View across garden, in new MoMA building by Yoshio Taniguchi. ... Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies) (March 27, 1886 - August 17, 1969) was an architect and designer. ... The Seagram Building The Seagram Building is a skyscraper in New York City. ... The Seagram Building The Seagram Building is a skyscraper in New York City. ...


The MetLife Building, formerly the Pan Am Building, was the largest commercial office building in the world when it opened on 7 March 1963. It is an important part of the Manhattan skyline and one of the fifty tallest buildings in the USA. MetLife Building as seen from the Empire State Building, 2005. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...


Time Warner Center is a mixed-use skyscraper at Columbus Circle in Midtown Manhattan. It has attracted much attention as the first major building to be completed since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and has become known to many New Yorkers as the "new twin towers." Additional publicity was generated in 2003 when David Martinez paid $45 million dollars for a penthouse condominium, a record for New York residential sales. Time Warner Center and Columbus Monument Time Warner Center and Columbus Circle Time Warner Centers 150-foot-tall glass curtain wall Time Warner Center, originally constructed as the AOL Time Warner Center, is a mixed-use skyscraper at Columbus Circle in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. ... Columbus Circle Columbus Circle is a major landmark and point of attraction in New York City. ... This article is about the date September 11 in general. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... David Martinez (born December 8th, 1981 in Tamaulipas, Mexico) is a Champ Car Atlantic Series racecar driver. ... A penthouse apartment or penthouse is a special apartment on the top floor of a building. ... A condominium, or condo for short, is a form of housing tenure. ...


The Condé Nast Building, officially Four Times Square, is a modern skyscraper in Times Square in Midtown Manhattan and one of the most important examples of green design in skyscrapers in the United States. Environmentally friendly gas-fired absorption chillers, along with a high-performing insulating and shading curtain wall, ensure that the building does not need to be heated or cooled for the majority of the year. Office furniture is made with biodegradable and non-toxic materials. The air-delivery system provides 50% more fresh air than is required by New York City Building Code, and a number of recycling chutes serve the entire building. Being the first project of its size to undertake these features in construction, the building has received an award from the American Institute of Architects, as well as AIA New York State. Condé Nast Building, seen from Empire State Building The Condé Nast Building, officially Four Times Square, is a modern skyscraper in Times Square in Midtown Manhattan. ... Times Square For other uses, see Times Square (disambiguation) Times Square is the name given to a principal intersection, at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue, and stretching from West 42nd to West 47th Streets in the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... View of Midtown from Empire State Building. ... Green design (also referred to as sustainable design, eco-design, or design for environment) is the catch-all term for a growing trend within the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, engineering, industrial design and interior design. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it easier to understand, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The term thermal insulation can refer to materials used to reduce the rate of heat transfer, or the methods and processes used to reduce heat transfer. ... Biodegradation is the decomposition of material by microorganisms. ... A building code is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ... The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is the professional organization for architects in the United States. ...


Residential buildings

Many residential communities of New York City express character distinct from that the skyscrapers of the commercial cores. These include brownstones rowhouses and apartment buildings which were built during the city's rapid expansion from 1870–1930. Between 1870–1930 one might say that Stone and brick became the city's building materials of choice after the construction of wood-frame houses was limited in the aftermath of the Great Fire of 1835. Unlike Paris, which for centuries was built from its own limestone bedrock, New York has always drawn its building stone from a far-flung network of quarries and its stone buildings have a variety of textures and hues. In the days before rail, stones were floated down the Hudson River or along the Atlantic Seaboard from pits in New England. Later, trains brought marble from Vermont and granite from Minnesota. The United States Custom House, built in the early 20th century at Bowling Green, contains at least 20 varieties of stone. This article is about the building material and the dwelling. ... A street of British terraced housing In architecture and city planning, a terrace, rowhouse, or townhouse (United States) is a style of housing since the late 18th century where identical individual houses are cojoined into rows. ... A red brick apartment block in central London, England, on the north bank of the Thames An apartment building, block of flats or tenement is a multi-unit dwelling made up of several (generally four or more) apartments (US) or flats (UK). ...


Beyond the 1950s, federal housing projects dramatically changed the city's appearance. New large scale (frequently high-rise) residential complexes replaced older, frequently troubled and sometimes valuable, communities at times removing artifacts and landmarks that would now be of even greater value. During this period, many of these new projects were completed under the guise of urban renewal by the famed and powerful Robert Moses. Urban Renewal has been held in great contempt and the resulting housing projects have been considered a failure. This is partially because of lacking maintenance and inconsistent funding. Blight often stands side-by-side with new structures during urban renewal efforts. ... Robert Moses with a model of his proposed Battery Bridge Robert Moses (December 18, 1888–July 29, 1981) was the master builder of mid-20th century New York City, Long Island, and other suburbs. ... Blight often stands side-by-side with new structures during urban renewal efforts. ...


Beautiful residential buildings can be found on Fifth Avenue and Central Park West, surrounding Central Park from both sides. Riverside Park also has many respected old-money residential buildings.


Today, the stone used in Manhattan skyscrapers may come from almost anywhere: Norway, Uruguay, Belgium. The so-called Pahlavi office tower on Fifth Avenue, built by officials from the government of the deposed Shah of Iran, has stone from Finland.


Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ Skyscraper
  2. ^ Emporis.com-New York City
  3. ^ Emporis.com-Hong Kong Note: Hong Kong will have the most skyscrapers in the world if skyscrapers rising from a common podium are counted individually as separate skyscrapers, which they are at Emporis.

Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building architecturally, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan. ... A podium is a platform that is used to raise something to a short distance above its surroundings. ... Emporis is a real estate data company with headquarters in Darmstadt, Germany. ...

See also

New York City
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New York City Lists · New York City Portal · New York State This is a list of famous or notable buildings with articles about them. ... New York City has the most skyscrapers in the world with 50 buildings taller than 200 meters and 2 taller than 300 meters. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_York_City. ... // Main article: History of New York City (prehistory-1664) Prehistory in the area began with the geological formation of the peculiar territory of what is today New York City. ... Population growth (blue) and population loss (red) from 1990 to 2000. ... Graffiti and street art emerged in New York as part of the Zoo York subculture in the 1970s. ... Carnegie Hall, a major music venue in New York The music of New York City is a diverse and important field in the world of music; no American city has as central a place in music history as New York City. ... Alphabet City Â· Ansonia Â· Battery Park City Â· Bowery Â· Central Village Â· Chelsea Â· Chinatown Â· Columbia University Â· Diamond District Â· East Village Â· Financial District Â· Five Points Â· Flatiron District Â· Garment District Â· Gramercy Â· Greenwich Village Â· Hamilton Heights Â· Harlem Â· Hells Kitchen Â· Hudson Heights Â· Inwood Â· Kips Bay Â· Koreatown Â· Little Italy Â· Lower East Side Â· Lower Manhattan Â· Manhattan Valley Â· Manhattanville... Tourism in New York City is a large industry. ... // Culture and Education List of famous New Yorkers List of colleges and universities in New York City List of New York City newspapers and magazines List of New York City Television and Film studios List of television shows set in New York City List of movies set in New York... NY redirects here. ...

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