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Encyclopedia > Architectural engineering

An architectural engineer applies the skills of many engineering disciplines to the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and renovation of buildings while paying attention to their impacts on the surrounding environment. In countries such as Canada, the UK and Australia, architectural engineering is more commonly known as building engineering[citation needed]; often "building systems engineering" or "building services engineering" are similar to some architectural engineering specializations. In Architecture some languages, such as Korean, "architect" is literally translated as "architectural engineer". Engineering is the applied science of acquiring and applying knowledge to design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ... // Building engineering: a discipline for the modern era Building engineering, commonly known in the US as architectural engineering, is an emerging engineering discipline that concerns with the planning, design, construction, operation, renovation, and maintenance of buildings, as well as with their impacts on the surrounding environment. ...


With the establishment of a separate NCEES Professional Engineering registration examination in the 1990s, and first offering in April 2003, architectural engineering is now recognized as a distinct engineering discipline in the United States. But many practicing 'architectural engineers' hold degrees or registration in civil, mechanical, electrical, or other engineering fields and become architectural engineers via experience. Conversely, many degree-holding architectural engineers have professional registration in civil or mechanical engineering, for example. The number of architectural engineering degree programs is increasing, but demand far exceeds the availability in the U.S., especially on the East and West Coasts, and in the South. Note that "architectural engineering technology" is different from architectural engineering; architectural engineering technologists tend to be drafters or other assistants in the design and construction process. The National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) is a national non-profit organization composed of engineering and land surveying licensing boards representing all U.S. states and territories [1] The NCEES is responsible for the administration of the exams that engineers must pass in order to get... Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United States, and Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. ...

Contents

Difference from component disciplines

What differentiates architectural engineering (abbreviated AE, ARE, AREN, or ARCE, for example) from its component engineering disciplines is its appreciation of architecture. Architectural engineers, with their inter-disciplinary background, understand and address architects' goals as they design building systems. Architectural engineers attempt to integrate buildings' HVAC, plumbing, fire protection, electrical, lighting, transportation, and structural systems with the architectural design. This article is about building architecture. ... HVAC systems use ventilation air ducts installed throughout a building that supply conditioned air to a room through rectangular or round outlet vents, called diffusers; and ducts that remove air from return-air grilles Fire-resistance rated mechanical shaft with HVAC sheet metal ducting and copper piping, as well as... A plumber wrench for working on pipes and fittings Plumbing, from the Latin for lead (plumbum), is the skilled trade of working with pipes, tubing and plumbing fixtures for potable water systems and the drainage of waste. ... Fire protection is the prevention and reduction of the hazards associated with fires. ... The article on electrical energy is located elsewhere. ... Not to be confused with lightning. ...


Difference from architecture

A common confusion is the distinction between architecture and architectural engineering. In essence, architectural engineering is the engineering discipline for the analysis, design, and construction of building systems. This article is about building architecture. ... Engineering is the applied science of acquiring and applying knowledge to design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ...


Architects are directly responsible for the form and appearance of a building, including the way in which people use and experience the spaces of the building. Architects traditionally act as the leader of the design team, and are thus known as the 'prime professional'. They also typically coordinate the efforts of the various engineering and other design consultants for building projects. for building and structual design see; Architect Architects are a metal band from Brighton in southern England. ...


Before about 1975, architectural engineering graduates in the U.S. typically went to work as 'technical architects'. Since that time architectural engineers have defined themselves as separate consulting engineers. Architectural engineers concentrate on ensuring that "the buildings work", e.g., that they stand up, that the HVAC systems operate well, that light and electrical power are delivered safely and as needed, and that fire safety is addressed [citation needed].


By the 1950s, there were approximately 60 architectural engineering degree programs in the U.S. However, as architecture split from engineering -- most architecture programs were in engineering schools -- many architectural engineering programs lost institutional support. But from a low of eight programs in the early 1980s, and with the redefinition of the discipline as 'engineers for building systems', architectural engineering education is experiencing significant growth. Demand for admission to the programs, and quality of applicants, is very high. The academic honor society for architectural engineering is Phi Alpha Epsilon. In the United States, an honor society is an organization of rank, the induction into which recognizes excellence among ones peers. ... Phi Alpha Epsilon is the academic honor society for architectural engineering. ...


The Architectural Engineer

Architectural engineers' roles can overlap with that of the architect and other project engineers. Like architects, they seek to achieve optimal designs within the overall constraints, except using primarily the tools of engineering. In most parts of the world, architectural engineers are not entitled to practice architecture unless they are also licensed as architects. In some jurisdictions, registered professional architectural engineers are limited, by virtue of the exams taken, to practicing only one or more of the component areas of building engineering practice such as mechanical (HVAC/plumbing/etc.), electrical, structural, or fire protection.


In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on sustainable and green design, including in engineered building systems. Architectural engineers increasingly seek LEED ((R) USGBC) Accredited Design Professional (LADP) status in addition to their Professional Engineering registration. 7 World Trade Center, considered New York Citys first green office tower by gaining gold status in the US Green Building Councils LEED program. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United States, and Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. ...


Some Potential Career Titles

  • Consulting Engineer/Design Engineer/Designer. An Engineer, usually a Professional Engineer, or if early in his or her career, an Engineer-in-Training that designs and specifies building systems, analyses problems, or optimizes conditions, for example. Typically employed by, or owner of, a consulting engineering firm, but also commonly in an A/E (architectural and engineering services) firm.
  • Plant/Facilities Engineer. The owner's management liaison person interacting with architects, contractors, and engineers in the design and construction of remodeling, additions, and new facilities. Manages and develops such programs within the plant as energy conservation, preventative maintenance, and retrofits.
  • Sales/Applications Engineer. Provides technical advice and application of their representative products to the building industry's architects, engineers, and constructors.
  • Construction Project Manager. Manages the construction of a building project. Responsibilities include the scheduling of labor trades, material, and equipment for the most economical and expeditious construction of buildings.
  • Construction Estimator. The estimator is responsible for the takeoff material, type of labor, and equipment, and calculating the cost for the construction project plus preparing the necessary documents for the estimate.
  • Structural Engineer. Analyzes, calculates, and selects systems and components for various structures. Graduates are employed within the building industry, but also in other structural areas. Graduate study, and additional registration exams in structural engineering are recommended and/or required by many registration boards and professional societies.
  • Electrical Systems Engineer. Designs and specifies electrical power, lighting, and communication systems for buildings. Employed in an electrical consulting design office or in electrical design-construction offices. Other responsibilities may be preparing specifications and cost estimates.
  • Electrical Utility Engineer. Coordinates new building construction with building owners, design engineers, and contractors, and educates customers on conservation and cost saving opportunities while optimizing the loads on the utility.
  • Building Inspector. Employed by a public agency. Responsible for the public interest to inspect building projects for code compliance.
  • Fire Safety/Protection Engineer. Designs various types of fire protection systems within the building. Systems include sprinkler, chemical suppression, smoke control, and detection devices.
  • Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Engineer. Designs the HVAC systems and prepares the specifications.
  • Plumbing Engineer. Designs the potable water, process fluids, and wastewater systems for the buildings.
  • Professor/Researcher. Teaches and performs research and service. Typically requires completion of a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in engineering degree.

Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United States, and Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. ... In the United States of America, an Engineer In Training or EIT is someone who has passed the Fundamentals of Engineering exam (the FE exam) but not yet achieved the additional requirements (e. ...

Major specializations

A common combined specialization is Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing, better known by its abbreviation MEP. An MEP design engineer has experience in HVAC, lighting/electrical, and plumbing systems' analysis and design. This article is about building architecture. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building as of 2004. ... Construction engineering concerns the planning and management of the construction of structures such as highways, bridges, airports, railroads, buildings, dams, and reservoirs. ... Construction Management refers either to the study and practice of the managerial and technological aspects of the construction industry (including construction, construction science, construction management, and construction technology), or to a business model where one party to a construction contract serves as a construction consultant, providing both design and construction... Project Management is the discipline of organizing and managing resources (e. ... This article is about green building construction. ... HVAC systems use ventilation air ducts installed throughout a building that supply conditioned air to a room through rectangular or round outlet vents, called diffusers; and ducts that remove air from return-air grilles Fire-resistance rated mechanical shaft with HVAC sheet metal ducting and copper piping, as well as... A plumber wrench for working on pipes and fittings Plumbing, from the Latin for lead (plumbum), is the skilled trade of working with pipes, tubing and plumbing fixtures for potable water systems and the drainage of waste. ... Piping is used to convey fluids (usually liquids and gases but sometimes loose solids) from one location to another. ... Hydronics is the name for the use of water as the heat-transfer medium in heating and cooling systems. ... Fire protection engineering is the practice of application of science and engineering principles and experience to protect people and their environments from the destructive effects of fire. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Not to be confused with lightning. ... A set of lifts in the lower level of a London Underground station. ... Acoustics is a branch of physics and is the study of sound (mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids). ... For the Irish mythological figure, see Naoise. ... Look up vibration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Some topics of special interest

Construction on the North Bytown Bridge in Ottawa, Canada. ... In physics and engineering, including mechanical and electrical engineering, energy efficiency is a dimensionless number, with a value between 0 and 1 or with times 100 given in percent. ... For the physical concepts, see conservation of energy and energy efficiency. ... Energy demand management is also known as demand side management (DSM). ... Renewable energy flows involve natural phenomena such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... This article is about green building construction. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Off-the-grid. ... Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) deals with the content of interior air that could affect health and comfort of building occupants. ... Human thermal comfort is the state of mind that expresses satisfaction with the surrounding environment, according to ASHRAE Standard 55. ...

Typical coursework in bachelor degree programs

Curricula vary considerably between universities, but the following are often present in ABET-accredited four- or five-year B.S. in architectural engineering degree programs in the U.S.: The Accredition Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) is a non-profit organization that serves the public by making accreditations of the universities and scientific institutions which live up to certain qualities defined by the organization. ...

  • An introduction to architectural engineering
  • Two courses in English
  • Five courses in mathematics (calculus, differential equations, linear algebra, probability)
  • Two courses in physics
  • One course in chemistry
  • One course in science (e.g., geology, environment, biology)
  • Several courses in humanities/social sciences (e.g., architectural history, sociology)
  • Two courses in architectural design
  • Two courses in building materials and construction

Engineering science courses in:

  • Statics and dynamics
  • Strength of materials
  • Structural analysis
  • Basic circuits
  • Thermodynamics
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Heat transfer
  • Engineering economics
  • Computer programming
  • Computer-aided design and drafting (CADD)

Engineering design courses in:

  • Structures (e.g., steel, concrete, and/or wood design)
  • Construction
  • Power and lighting systems
  • Plumbing and piping systems
  • Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems
  • Senior design project
  • electives

Educational institutions offering bachelor's degrees in architectural engineering

Institutions offering similar degrees not titled 'architectural engineering' can be found toward the end of the Building engineering article. Check with each program about ABET, or the equivalent from abroad, engineering accreditation. // Building engineering: a discipline for the modern era Building engineering, commonly known in the US as architectural engineering, is an emerging engineering discipline that concerns with the planning, design, construction, operation, renovation, and maintenance of buildings, as well as with their impacts on the surrounding environment. ... The Accredition Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) is a non-profit organization that serves the public by making accreditations of the universities and scientific institutions which live up to certain qualities defined by the organization. ...


In the United States:

Programs accredited by ABET, and that are members of AEI, are denoted below.

In Other Countries:

More programs needed

Although the number of architectural engineering degree programs has doubled in the past 20 years, many more programs are needed. In the U.S., programs are plentiful in the Midwest and Plains states but there is unmet demand in much of the Northeast, South, Southwest, and Far West. Institutions that have both engineering and architecture schools already offer most of the required courses; only a modest number of new faculty are needed for the specialty engineering design courses. Universities with only engineering schools will need to hire at least one registered architect as well. Faculty, administrators, or alumni/donors interested in founding architectural engineering degree programs are encouraged to contact the Architectural Engineering Institute, or faculty at current programs, for more information.


High School Preparation

For enhanced success in an architectural engineering bachelor's degree program, at an institution with English instruction, completing at least the follow courses are recommended during a student's high school years:

  • One English course each semester
  • Mathematics each semester
    • Including geometry, algebra I and II, trigonometry, pre-calculus, and if possible, calculus.
    • Plan on completing calculus as well in college.
  • At least one science course per semester, including physics and chemistry
  • Typing or wordprocessing
  • An art class that is all or part hand-sketching skills
  • An introduction to drafting/CADD course, if available
  • If available, mechanical, woodworking, and construction courses are also helpful

External links

Wikiversity
At Wikiversity you can learn more and teach others about Architectural engineering at:
The Department of Architectural engineering

For all architectural engineers: Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikiversity logo Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation beta project[1], devoted to learning materials and activities, located at www. ...

  • The Architectural Engineering Institute (AEI)
  • The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)

For the specializations:

  • The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE)
  • The American Society of Plumbing Engineers (ASPE)
  • Associated General Contractors of America (AGC)
  • The Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA)
  • The Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE)
  • The Structural Engineering Institute (SEI)
  • The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Civil & Environmental Engineering - Architectural Engineering Certificate (430 words)
Architectural Engineering is the discipline concerned with the planning, design, construction and operation of engineered systems for commercial, industrial and institutional facilities.
Architectural engineering is a new and growing field of engineering.
Employment opportunities are with engineering or architectural firms, construction companies, research establishments, testing laboratories, building materials industries, and government agencies in addition to academic positions and private practice.
Louisiana Board of Architectural Examiners (745 words)
A corporation formed under Chapter 1 of this Title for the purpose of practicing architecture and engineering shall be subject to all of the provisions of Chapter 1, as the same may from time to time be amended, except to the extent that such provisions are inconsistent with the provisions of this Chapter.
Architectural services rendered on behalf of an architectural-engineering corporation must be performed by or under the direct supervision of a natural person duly licensed to practice architecture in this state.
To the extent that it engages in the practice of architecture, an architectural-engineering corporation shall be subject to the discipline of the Louisiana State Board of Architectural Examiners and to its authority to adopt rules and regulations governing the practice of architecture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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