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Encyclopedia > Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll

Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll (1532/1537 - 1573) was a leading figure in the politics of Scotland during the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots and the early part of that of James VI. The title Duke of Argyll was created in the peerage of Scotland in 1701 and in the peerage of the United Kingdom in 1892. ... Events May 16 - Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... Events January - articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was Queen of Scots, monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland, from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567; and Queen Consort of France from July 10, 1559 – December 5, 1560. ... James VI of Scotland and James I of England and Ireland (occasionally known as King James the Vain) (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland. ...


Succeeding his father in the earldom in 1558, Argyll immediately became the most powerful magnate of the kingdom. A devout protestant, he soon became one of the leaders of the Lords of the Congregation along with his brother-in-law, Lord James Stewart, illegitimate son of James V of Scotland. Together, the two men negotiated with William Cecil to secure English aid against the regent, Mary of Guise, and were largely responsible for the negotiation of the Treaty of Edinburgh in 1560, which saw the triumph of the Congregation and the withdrawal of French and English troops from Scotland. Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... The Lords of the Congregation were a group of Protestant, Scottish nobles, who were against the marriage of the young, Catholic Mary Queen of Scots to the Dauphin of France (later to become Francois II of France) who bonded together in December 1557. ... James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray (c. ... James V (April 10, 1512 – December 14, 1542) was king of Scotland (September 9, 1513 – December 14, 1542). ... William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (13 September 1521–4 August 1598), was an English politician, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign. ... Marie de Guise (in English, Mary of Guise) (November 22, 1515 – June,1560) was the Queen Consort of James V of Scotland and the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots. ... The Treaty of Edinburgh was drawn up in 1560 by the Scottish Parliament in an attempt to formally end the Auld Alliance. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ...


With the young queen's return to Scotland in 1561, Argyll and Stewart, now Earl of Moray, retained their leading role in the kingdom, continuing to pursue an anglophilic policy. Their pre-eminence came to an end in 1565, with the queen's marriage to Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, whose claims to the English throne did not endear him to Elizabeth I of England, leading Argyll and other protestant leaders to rise in revolt. When the English failed to help their Scottish allies, Argyll, who alone of the rebels was able to remain in the Kingdom, due to his inassailable position in the Highlansds, began to become disillusioned with his previous anglophilic policy. // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ... Henry Stewart (or Stuart, which was the style adopted by his father, and thence perpetuated as the House of Stuart), 1st Duke of Albany (7 December 1545 – 9 or 10 February 1567), Earl of Ross, commonly known as Lord Darnley, King Consort of Scotland, was the half first-cousin and... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ...


Over the next two years, however, the shifts in Argyll's policies remained subtle, and he remained close to his old friend Moray. Argyll was tied to the assassinations of both David Rizzio in 1566 and of the King himself in 1567, and was horrified by the Queen's marriage to James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. He joined with Moray and other protestant leaders in fighting Mary and Bothwell in that year, leading to the capture of the queen at Carberry Hill, but broke with his former allies over the question of deposing the queen. David Rizzio (approx. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... The Duke of Orkney James Hepburn, Duke of Orkney, Marquess of Fife, 4th Earl of Bothwell, usually just referred to as Bothwell (~1535 - April 14, 1578) was the third husband of Mary I of Scotland. ...


With Mary's escape from prison in 1568, Argyll became the leader of the Queen's Party, and led Mary's army in the defeat at Langside in that year. He continued to champion the queen's cause following her flight to England, but eventually reconciled with the regent Lennox in 1571, and lent his support to the King's party, as a means of restoring peace and lessening English meddling in Scottish affairs. He was appointed to the Privy Council that year, and became Lord Chancellor of Scotland in 1572. Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... The Battle of Langside was a battle fought on May 13, 1568 between the forces of Mary Queen of Scots and a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother (who won the battle). ... Matthew Stewart (1516-1571) was the 4th Earl of Lennox, and leader of the Catholic nobility in Scotland. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... The Privy Council of Scotland was a body which formerly advised the King. ... The Lord Chancellor of Scotland was a senior pre-Union officer in Scotland. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ...


Argyll, in his role as Campbell clan chief, was also heavily involved in the politics of Ulster during the 1560s. Although he initially hoped for an alliance with the English to secure his O'Donnell and MacDonald dependents against the encroachment of the O'Neill, English unwillingness to work with him ultimately led him to orchestrate a marriage alliance among the three feuding clans of Ulster, which would ultimately have major effects on Irish history with the eruption of the Hugh O'Neill rebellion in the 1590s. The word Campbell can refer to a variety of people and places. ... Ulster (Irish: Cúige Uladh, IPA: ) is one of the four provinces of Ireland. ... ODonnell Coat of Arms another ODonnell Coat of Arms HeatherODonnell is my best friend. ... The Scottish Clan Donald (motto: Per Mare Per Terras which means By sea and by land ) is split into several branches including MacDonald of the Isles, MacDonald of Clan Ranald, MacDonald of Sleat, MacDonald of Keppoch, MacDonald of Ardnamurchan and McDonell of Glengarry. ... ONeill (also spelled ONeil) is a common surname of Irish origin. ... Hugh ONeill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone (c. ...


Argyll died in 1573, childless, and was succeeded by his brother Colin. Events January - articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. ... Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll (c. ...

Preceded by:
Archibald Campbell
Earl of Argyll
1558–1573
Followed by:
Colin Campbell
Preceded by:
Archibald Campbell
Lord Justice General
1558-1573
Succeeded by:
Colin Campbell
Preceded by:
Earl of Morton
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
1572-1573
Succeeded by:
Lord Glamis

Further Reading: Gillespie Roy Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll (c. ... Arms of the Duke of Argyll since 1406 The title Duke of Argyll was created in the peerage of Scotland in 1701 and in the peerage of the United Kingdom in 1892. ... Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll (c. ... Gillespie Roy Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll (c. ... The Lord Justice General of Scotland is head of the High Court of Justiciary, Lord President of the Court of Session and head of the judiciary in Scotland. ... Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll (c. ... James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton (c. ... The Lord Chancellor of Scotland was a senior pre-Union officer in Scotland. ...

  • Jane Dawson. The Politics of Religion in the Age of Mary, Queen of Scots: The Earl of Argyll and the Struggle for Britain and Ireland. Cambridge, 2002.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (524 words)
Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll (1532/1537 - 1573) was a leading figure in the politics of Scotland during the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots and the early part of that of James VI.
Argyll was tied to the assassinations of both David Rizzio in 1566 and of the King himself in 1567, and was horrified by the Queen's marriage to James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell.
Argyll, in his role as Campbell clan chief, was also heavily involved in the politics of Ulster during the 1560s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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