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Encyclopedia > Archbishopric

In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. When a bishop becomes an archbishop, he is not in any sense being ordained nor otherwise receiving any sacrament; by contrast (in the Anglican, Catholic, and Orthodox churches) a man becoming a bishop is being ordained.


Archbishops do not necessarily have more power than bishops, but they are in charge of more prestigious dioceses. However, many archbishops are also the metropolitans of the ecclesiastical province in which their archdiocese is located. In Western churches (i.e. Roman Catholic or Anglican), this is almost always the case. However, in Roman Catholicism, archbishops who are not metropolitans are styled Archbishop ad personam, and do not receive the right to wear the pallium. In the Slavic Eastern churches (both Catholic and Orthodox) archbishops and metropolitans are distinct, although a metropolitan may be referred to as metropolitan archbishop. In the Greek Orthodox Church, archbishops outrank metropolitans, and have the same rights as Slavic (Eastern) Orthodox metropolitans. The Oriental Orthodox generally follow the pattern of the Slavic Orthodox with respect to the archbishop/metropolitan distinction.


Notable archbishops, past and present, include:

See also

Etymology: From Greek archepiskopos: arche, first, and epi-skopos, over-seer or supervisor.






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Macedonia FAQ: The Archbishopric of Ohrid and the Macedonian Orthodox Church (1180 words)
After the proclamation of the Serbian Patriarchate in 1346 and its expulsion from the ecumenical body, the Patriarchate in Constantinople, the archbishops of Ohrid were engaged in a process of reconciliation for the return of Serbia into the orthodox community.
In 1767, the financial difficulties of the Archbishopric of Ohrid were used as a pretext and it was discontinued by agreement of the Patriarchate of Constantinople and the Ottoman authorities.
It is quite comprehensible that in the 19th century, in the struggle for cultural emancipation in Macedonia, the question of the revival of the Archbishopric of Ohrid was also posed.
THE ROMANIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (2843 words)
It consists in the folowing dioceses: the Archbishopric of Bucharest, the Archbishopric of Targoviste, the Archbishopric of Tomis, the Bishopric of Arges, the Bishopric of Buzau, the Bishopric of the Lower Danube, the Bishopric of Slobozia and Calarasi and the Bishopric of Alexandria and Teleorman.
It consists in : the Archbishopric of Iasi, the Archbishopric of Suceava and Radauti, the Bishopric of Roman and the Bishopric of Husi.
It consists in: the Archbishopric of Sibiu, the Archbishopric of Vad, Feleac and Cluj, the Archbishopric of Alba Iulia, the Bishopric of Oradea, the Bishopric of Maramures and Satmar, the Bishopric of Covasna and Harghita.
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